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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765096/effects-of-bpa-on-global-dna-methylation-and-global-histone-3-lysine-modifications-in-sh-sy5y-cells-an-epigenetic-mechanism-linking-the-regulation-of-chromatin-modifiying-genes
#1
Mine Senyildiz, Ecem Fatma Karaman, Serap Sancar Bas, Pelin Arda Pirincci, Sibel Ozden
Bisphenol A (BPA), an estrogenic endocrine disruptor, is widely used in the production of polycarbonate plastic and epoxy resins, resulting in high risk on human health. In present study we aimed to investigate the effects of BPA on global and gene specific DNA methylation, global histone modifications and regulation of chromatin modifiying enzymes in human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y). Cells were treated with BPA at 0.1, 1 and 10μM concentrations for 48 and 96h. IC50 value of BPA was determined as 183 and 129μM in SH-SY5Y cells after 24h by MTT and NRU tests, respectively...
July 29, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666830/sophora-subprosrate-polysaccharide-inhibited-cytokine-chemokine-secretion-via-suppression-of-histone-acetylation-modification-and-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-activation-in-pcv2-infected-swine-alveolar-macrophage
#2
Jian Yang, Hong-Lian Tan, Li-Yuan Gu, Man-Ling Song, Yuan-Ying Wu, Jian-Bo Peng, Zong-Bao Lan, Ying-Yi Wei, Ting-Jun Hu
In the present study, effect of Sophora subprosrate polysaccharide on PCV2 infection-induced inflammation and histone acetylation modification in swine alveolar macrophage 3D4/2 cells was described for the first time. The relationship between histone acetylation modifications and inflammation response was investigated. The results showed that PCV2 infection induced inflammation by promoting the secretion of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 and IL-10 in 3D4/2 cells. The production of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 and their mRNA expression levels markedly decreased while the level and mRNA expression of IL-10 were elevated when the cells were treated with Sophora subprosrate polysaccharide...
June 27, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666361/identification-of-multiple-roles-for-histone-acetyltransferase-1-in-replication-coupled-chromatin-assembly
#3
Paula A Agudelo Garcia, Michael E Hoover, Pei Zhang, Prabakaran Nagarajan, Michael A Freitas, Mark R Parthun
Histone acetyltransferase 1 (Hat1) catalyzes the acetylation of newly synthesized histone H4 at lysines 5 and 12 that accompanies replication-coupled chromatin assembly. The acetylation of newly synthesized H4 occurs in the cytoplasm and the function of this acetylation is typically ascribed to roles in either histone nuclear import or deposition. Using cell lines from Hat1+/+ and Hat1-/- mouse embryos, we demonstrate that Hat1 is not required for either histone nuclear import or deposition. We employed quantitative proteomics to characterize Hat1-dependent changes in the composition of nascent chromatin structure...
June 28, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551908/-involvement-of-epigenetic-regulation-in-cerebral-cell-death-following-traumatic-brain-injury-in-a-rat-model
#4
Mona Shehadeh, Moti Ben-Shabat, Jana Livshits, Eilam Palzur
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) are a major cause of mortality and disability among young adults. TBI are characterized by primary injury, the result of a mechanical impact to the cranium and a secondary injury, a series of molecular mechanism processes developing thereafter. Cerebral cells modify their gene and protein expression as a result of the injury. Epigenetic modifications have a key role as regulators of gene transcription and may simultaneously be involved in the regulation of the molecular pathways following TBI...
May 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524020/altered-gene-expression-of-epigenetic-modifying-enzymes-in-response-to-dietary-supplementation-with-linseed-oil
#5
Ran Li, Eveline M Ibeagha-Awemu
Recently we showed that 5% linseed oil (LSO) and 5% safflower oil (SFO) supplementation of cow's diets reduced milk fat yield by 30·38 and 32·42% respectively, accompanied by differential expression of genes and regulation by microRNAs (miRNA). This research communication addresses the hypothesis that epigenetic regulation could be involved in the observed milk fat reduction. Thus, this study investigated the gene expression pattern of major epigenetic modifying enzymes in response to dietary supplementation with LSO or SFO...
May 2017: Journal of Dairy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486547/hat2-mediates-histone-h4k4-acetylation-and-affects-micrococcal-nuclease-sensitivity-of-chromatin-in-leishmania-donovani
#6
Pravin K Jha, Mohd Imran Khan, Anshul Mishra, Pradeep Das, Kislay K Sinha
Histone post-translational modifications (PTMs) such as acetylation and methylation are known to affect chromatin higher order structures. Primary targets of these modifications include basic residues present at N-terminus tail region of core histones. Four histone acetyltransferase (HAT) genes have been identified in trypanosomatids. HAT1, HAT3 and HAT4 of Leishmania donovani have been partially characterized. However, there is no report about HAT2 of Leishmania donovani. Lysine residues present on the N-terminal tail of Leishmania donovani histone H4 are conserved in other trypanosomatids and humans...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480311/strip2-is-indispensable-for-the-onset-of-embryonic-stem-cell-differentiation
#7
Davood Sabour, Sureshkumar Perumal Srinivasan, Susan Rohani, Vilas Wagh, John Antonydas Gaspar, Darius Panek, Mostafa Abootorabi Ardestani, Michael Xavier Doss, Nicole Riet, Hinrich Abken, Jürgen Hescheler, Symeon Papadopoulos, Agapios Sachinidis
The role of striatin interacting protein 2 (Strip2) in differentiation of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) is still under debate. Strip2-silenced murine (KD) ESCs were differentiated for 4, 8, 12, and 16 days. We show that Strip2 is distributed in the perinucleus or nuclei of wild-type (WT) undifferentiated ESCs, but is localized in high-density nuclear bodies in differentiated cells. CellNet analysis of microarray gene expression data for the KD and scrambled control (SCR) embryoid bodies (EBs), as well as immunostainings of key pluripotent factors, demonstrated that differentiation of KD ESCs is repressed...
June 16, 2017: Molecular Therapy. Methods & Clinical Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407860/effects-of-mg132-on-the-in%C3%A2-vitro-development-and-epigenetic-modification-of-debao-porcine-somatic-cell-nuclear-transfer-embryos
#8
Kaiyuan Shen, Xiangping Li, Xiaoli Dai, Ping Wang, Sheng Li, Zhaocheng Xiong, Peifang Chen, Qingyou Liu, Deshun Shi
The present study was undertaken to examine the effect of MG132, a proteasome inhibitor, on the in vitro development, zygotic genome activation (ZGA) and epigenetic modification of Debao porcine somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) embryos. Treatment of oocytes with 1 μM MG132 from 30 h to 42 h of maturation and SCNT embryos with 5 μM MG132 for 2 h after fusion resulted in higher blastocyst yield (36.5%) of SCNT embryos compared with the control group (11.0%). The ZGA of SCNT embryos at 2- and 4-cell stages was also enhanced by MG132 treatment through altering the RNA pol II status and increasing the expression of eIF3A and TFIIA...
May 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301168/deletion-of-a-histone-acetyltransferase-leads-to-the-pleiotropic-activation-of-natural-products-in-metarhizium-robertsii
#9
Aili Fan, Wubin Mi, Zhiguo Liu, Guohong Zeng, Peng Zhang, Youcai Hu, Weiguo Fang, Wen-Bing Yin
Histone deacetylation normally decreases the gene expression in organisms. By genome-wide deletions of epigenetic regulators in entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium robertsii, unexpected activations of orphan secondary metabolite genes have been found upon the disruption of a histone acetyltransferase (HAT) gene Hat1. This led to the characterization of 11 new natural products, including eight isocoumarin derivatives meromusides A-H and two nonribosomal peptides meromutides A and B. Therefore, disruption of HAT represents a new approach to mine chemical diversity from fungi...
April 7, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268229/the-hdac-inhibitor-laq824-enhances-epigenetic-reprogramming-and-in-vitro-development-of-porcine-scnt-embryos
#10
Jun-Xue Jin, Sanghoon Lee, Anukul Taweechaipaisankul, Geon A Kim, Byeong Chun Lee
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hypoacetylation caused by aberrant epigenetic nuclear reprogramming results in low efficiency of mammalian somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). Many epigenetic remodeling drugs have been used in attempts to improve in vitro development of porcine SCNT embryos. In this study, we examined the effects of LAQ824, a structurally novel histone acetylase inhibitor, on the nuclear reprogramming and in vitro development of porcine SCNT embryos. METHODS: LAQ824 treatment was supplemented during the culture of SCNT embryos...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143904/ampk-promotes-mitochondrial-biogenesis-and-function-by-phosphorylating-the-epigenetic-factors-dnmt1-rbbp7-and-hat1
#11
Traci L Marin, Brendan Gongol, Fan Zhang, Marcy Martin, David A Johnson, Han Xiao, Yinsheng Wang, Shankar Subramaniam, Shu Chien, John Y-J Shyy
Adenosine monophosphate (AMP)-activated protein kinase (AMPK) acts as a master regulator of cellular energy homeostasis by directly phosphorylating metabolic enzymes and nutrient transporters and by indirectly promoting the transactivation of nuclear genes involved in mitochondrial biogenesis and function. We explored the mechanism of AMPK-mediated induction of gene expression. We identified AMPK consensus phosphorylation sequences in three proteins involved in nucleosome remodeling: DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1), retinoblastoma binding protein 7 (RBBP7), and histone acetyltransferase 1 (HAT1)...
January 31, 2017: Science Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107582/immunoexpression-of-hdac1-hdac2-and-hat1-in-actinic-cheilitis-and-lip-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#12
E S Chrun, F Modolo, Dsc Vieira, Áls Borges-Júnior, R G Castro, F I Daniel
BACKGROUND: Acetylation and deacetylation are the most studied covalent histone modifications resulting in transcriptional regulation with histone deacetylases (HDAC) and histone acetyltransferases (HAT) as the main associated enzymes. These enzymes overexpression induces abnormal transcription of key genes that regulate important cellular functions, such as proliferation, cell cycle regulation, and apoptosis. Thus, the expression of different HATs and HDACs has been evaluated in various cancers...
January 20, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004786/gps-pail-prediction-of-lysine-acetyltransferase-specific-modification-sites-from-protein-sequences
#13
Wankun Deng, Chenwei Wang, Ying Zhang, Yang Xu, Shuang Zhang, Zexian Liu, Yu Xue
Protein acetylation catalyzed by specific histone acetyltransferases (HATs) is an essential post-translational modification (PTM) and involved in the regulation a broad spectrum of biological processes in eukaryotes. Although several ten thousands of acetylation sites have been experimentally identified, the upstream HATs for most of the sites are unclear. Thus, the identification of HAT-specific acetylation sites is fundamental for understanding the regulatory mechanisms of protein acetylation. In this work, we first collected 702 known HAT-specific acetylation sites of 205 proteins from the literature and public data resources, and a motif-based analysis demonstrated that different types of HATs exhibit similar but considerably distinct sequence preferences for substrate recognition...
December 22, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938492/histone-acetyltransferase-1-promotes-cell-proliferation-and-induces-cisplatin-resistance-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#14
Xin Jin, Shenghua Tian, Pingping Li
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignant diseases in the world. Mutations, overexpression, and improper recruitment of HATs can lead to tumorigenesis. HAT1 is the first histone acetyltransferase identified and is related with developing HCC, but the mechanism is still unclear. Interestingly, we found that HAT1 was upregulated in HCC patient specimens and showed that its upregulation facilitates HCC cell growth in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, we demonstrated that HAT1 promoted glycolysis in HCC cells and knockdown of HAT1 sensitized HCC cells to apoptotic death induced by cisplatin...
July 5, 2017: Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811920/acetylation-of-histone-h4-lysine-5-and-12-is-required-for-cenp-a-deposition-into-centromeres
#15
Wei-Hao Shang, Tetsuya Hori, Frederick G Westhorpe, Kristina M Godek, Atsushi Toyoda, Sadahiko Misu, Norikazu Monma, Kazuho Ikeo, Christopher W Carroll, Yasunari Takami, Asao Fujiyama, Hiroshi Kimura, Aaron F Straight, Tatsuo Fukagawa
Centromeres are specified epigenetically through the deposition of the centromere-specific histone H3 variant CENP-A. However, how additional epigenetic features are involved in centromere specification is unknown. Here, we find that histone H4 Lys5 and Lys12 acetylation (H4K5ac and H4K12ac) primarily occur within the pre-nucleosomal CENP-A-H4-HJURP (CENP-A chaperone) complex, before centromere deposition. We show that H4K5ac and H4K12ac are mediated by the RbAp46/48-Hat1 complex and that RbAp48-deficient DT40 cells fail to recruit HJURP to centromeres and do not incorporate new CENP-A at centromeres...
November 4, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793800/gene-expression-profiling-of-epigenetic-chromatin-modification-enzymes-and-histone-marks-by-cigarette-smoke-implications-for-copd-and-lung-cancer
#16
Isaac K Sundar, Irfan Rahman
Chromatin-modifying enzymes mediate DNA methylation and histone modifications on recruitment to specific target gene loci in response to various stimuli. The key enzymes that regulate chromatin accessibility for maintenance of modifications in DNA and histones, and for modulation of gene expression patterns in response to cigarette smoke (CS), are not known. We hypothesize that CS exposure alters the gene expression patterns of chromatin-modifying enzymes, which then affects multiple downstream pathways involved in the response to CS...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618665/structural-insights-into-the-association-of-hif1-with-histones-h2a-h2b-dimer-and-h3-h4-tetramer
#17
Mengying Zhang, Hejun Liu, Yongxiang Gao, Zhongliang Zhu, Zijun Chen, Peiyi Zheng, Lu Xue, Jixi Li, Maikun Teng, Liwen Niu
Histone chaperones are critical for guiding specific post-transcriptional modifications of histones, safeguarding the histone deposition (or disassociation) of nucleosome (dis)assembly, and regulating chromatin structures to change gene activities. HAT1-interacting factor 1 (Hif1) has been reported to be an H3-H4 chaperone and to be involved in telomeric silencing and nucleosome (dis)assembly. However, the structural basis for the interaction of Hif1 with histones remains unknown. Here, we report the complex structure of Hif1 binding to H2A-H2B for uncovering the chaperone specificities of Hif1 on binding to both the H2A-H2B dimer and the H3-H4 tetramer...
October 4, 2016: Structure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27581081/effects-of-cytochalasin-b-on-dna-methylation-and-histone-modification-in-parthenogenetically-activated-porcine-embryos
#18
Xiaoxiao Hou, Jun Liu, Zhiren Zhang, Yanhui Zhai, Yutian Wang, Zhengzhu Wang, Bo Tang, Xueming Zhang, Liguang Sun, Ziyi Li
DNA methylation and histone modification play important roles in the development of mammalian embryos. Cytochalasin B (CB) is an actin polymerization inhibitor that can significantly affect cell activity and is often used in studies concerning cytology. In recent years, CB is also commonly being used in in vitro experiments on mammalian embryos, but few studies have addressed the effect of CB on the epigenetic modification of embryonic development, and the mechanism underlying this process is also unknown. This study was conducted to investigate the effects of CB on DNA methylation and histone modification in the development of parthenogenetically activated porcine embryos...
November 2016: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501872/the-effect-of-ovine-oocyte-vitrification-on-expression-of-subset-of-genes-involved-in-epigenetic-modifications-during-oocyte-maturation-and-early-embryo-development
#19
Abolfazl Shirazi, Mohammad Mahdi Naderi, Hossein Hassanpour, Mahbobeh Heidari, Sara Borjian, Ali Sarvari, Mohammad Mehdi Akhondi
Apart from ultrastructural damages in oocytes subjected to cryopreservation procedures, little is known about the status of epigenetic modification and chromatin remodeling in vitrified oocytes. In present study, the expression patterns of eight genes involved in epigenetic modification (HAT1, HDAC1, SUV39H1, DNMT1, and DNMT3b), chromatin remodeling (HMGN3a and SMARCAL1), and transcription (STAT3), were investigated in fresh and vitrified germinal vesicle and metaphase II oocytes and their resulting embryos at 2 to 7 cells, 8 to 16 cells, morula, and blastocyst stages...
December 2016: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27495086/genetic-signatures-of-heroin-addiction
#20
Shaw-Ji Chen, Ding-Lieh Liao, Tsu-Wang Shen, Hsin-Chou Yang, Kuang-Chi Chen, Chia-Hsiang Chen
Heroin addiction is a complex psychiatric disorder with a chronic course and a high relapse rate, which results from the interaction between genetic and environmental factors. Heroin addiction has a substantial heritability in its etiology; hence, identification of individuals with a high genetic propensity to heroin addiction may help prevent the occurrence and relapse of heroin addiction and its complications. The study aimed to identify a small set of genetic signatures that may reliably predict the individuals with a high genetic propensity to heroin addiction...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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