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Kaiyuan Shen, Xiangping Li, Xiaoli Dai, Ping Wang, Sheng Li, Zhaocheng Xiong, Peifang Chen, Qingyou Liu, Deshun Shi
The present study was undertaken to examine the effect of MG132, a proteasome inhibitor, on the in vitro development, zygotic genome activation (ZGA) and epigenetic modification of Debao porcine somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) embryos. Treatment of oocytes with 1 μM MG132 from 30 h to 42 h of maturation and SCNT embryos with 5 μM MG132 for 2 h after fusion resulted in higher blastocyst yield (36.5%) of SCNT embryos compared with the control group (11.0%). The ZGA of SCNT embryos at 2- and 4-cell stages was also enhanced by MG132 treatment through altering the RNA pol II status and increasing the expression of eIF3A and TFIIA...
May 2017: Theriogenology
Aili Fan, Wubin Mi, Zhiguo Liu, Guohong Zeng, Peng Zhang, Youcai Hu, Weiguo Fang, Wen-Bing Yin
Histone deacetylation normally decreases the gene expression in organisms. By genome-wide deletions of epigenetic regulators in entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium robertsii, unexpected activations of orphan secondary metabolite genes have been found upon the disruption of a histone acetyltransferase (HAT) gene Hat1. This led to the characterization of 11 new natural products, including eight isocoumarin derivatives meromusides A-H and two nonribosomal peptides meromutides A and B. Therefore, disruption of HAT represents a new approach to mine chemical diversity from fungi...
April 7, 2017: Organic Letters
Jun-Xue Jin, Sanghoon Lee, Anukul Taweechaipaisankul, Geon A Kim, Byeong Chun Lee
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hypoacetylation caused by aberrant epigenetic nuclear reprogramming results in low efficiency of mammalian somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). Many epigenetic remodeling drugs have been used in attempts to improve in vitro development of porcine SCNT embryos. In this study, we examined the effects of LAQ824, a structurally novel histone acetylase inhibitor, on the nuclear reprogramming and in vitro development of porcine SCNT embryos. METHODS: LAQ824 treatment was supplemented during the culture of SCNT embryos...
March 7, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Traci L Marin, Brendan Gongol, Fan Zhang, Marcy Martin, David A Johnson, Han Xiao, Yinsheng Wang, Shankar Subramaniam, Shu Chien, John Y-J Shyy
Adenosine monophosphate (AMP)-activated protein kinase (AMPK) acts as a master regulator of cellular energy homeostasis by directly phosphorylating metabolic enzymes and nutrient transporters and by indirectly promoting the transactivation of nuclear genes involved in mitochondrial biogenesis and function. We explored the mechanism of AMPK-mediated induction of gene expression. We identified AMPK consensus phosphorylation sequences in three proteins involved in nucleosome remodeling: DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1), retinoblastoma binding protein 7 (RBBP7), and histone acetyltransferase 1 (HAT1)...
January 31, 2017: Science Signaling
E S Chrun, F Modolo, Dsc Vieira, Áls Borges-Júnior, R G Castro, F I Daniel
BACKGROUND: Acetylation and deacetylation are the most studied covalent histone modifications resulting in transcriptional regulation with histone deacetylases (HDAC) and histone acetyltransferases (HAT) as the main associated enzymes. These enzymes overexpression induces abnormal transcription of key genes that regulate important cellular functions, such as proliferation, cell cycle regulation, and apoptosis. Thus, the expression of different HATs and HDACs has been evaluated in various cancers...
January 20, 2017: Oral Diseases
Wankun Deng, Chenwei Wang, Ying Zhang, Yang Xu, Shuang Zhang, Zexian Liu, Yu Xue
Protein acetylation catalyzed by specific histone acetyltransferases (HATs) is an essential post-translational modification (PTM) and involved in the regulation a broad spectrum of biological processes in eukaryotes. Although several ten thousands of acetylation sites have been experimentally identified, the upstream HATs for most of the sites are unclear. Thus, the identification of HAT-specific acetylation sites is fundamental for understanding the regulatory mechanisms of protein acetylation. In this work, we first collected 702 known HAT-specific acetylation sites of 205 proteins from the literature and public data resources, and a motif-based analysis demonstrated that different types of HATs exhibit similar but considerably distinct sequence preferences for substrate recognition...
December 22, 2016: Scientific Reports
Xin Jin, Shenghua Tian, Pingping Li
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignant diseases in the world. Mutations, overexpression andimproper recruitment of HATs can lead to tumorigenesis. HAT1 is the first histone acetyltransferase identified and related with developing HCC, but the mechanism is still unclear. Interestingly, we found that HAT1 was up-regulated in HCC patient specimens and showed that its upregulation facilitates HCC cell growth in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, we demonstrated that HAT1 promoted glycolysis in HCC cells and knockdown of HAT1 sensitized HCC cells to apoptotic death induced by cisplatin...
December 8, 2016: Oncology Research
Wei-Hao Shang, Tetsuya Hori, Frederick G Westhorpe, Kristina M Godek, Atsushi Toyoda, Sadahiko Misu, Norikazu Monma, Kazuho Ikeo, Christopher W Carroll, Yasunari Takami, Asao Fujiyama, Hiroshi Kimura, Aaron F Straight, Tatsuo Fukagawa
Centromeres are specified epigenetically through the deposition of the centromere-specific histone H3 variant CENP-A. However, how additional epigenetic features are involved in centromere specification is unknown. Here, we find that histone H4 Lys5 and Lys12 acetylation (H4K5ac and H4K12ac) primarily occur within the pre-nucleosomal CENP-A-H4-HJURP (CENP-A chaperone) complex, before centromere deposition. We show that H4K5ac and H4K12ac are mediated by the RbAp46/48-Hat1 complex and that RbAp48-deficient DT40 cells fail to recruit HJURP to centromeres and do not incorporate new CENP-A at centromeres...
November 4, 2016: Nature Communications
Isaac K Sundar, Irfan Rahman
Chromatin-modifying enzymes mediate DNA methylation and histone modifications on recruitment to specific target gene loci in response to various stimuli. The key enzymes that regulate chromatin accessibility for maintenance of modifications in DNA and histones, and for modulation of gene expression patterns in response to cigarette smoke (CS), are not known. We hypothesize that CS exposure alters the gene expression patterns of chromatin-modifying enzymes, which then affects multiple downstream pathways involved in the response to CS...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Mengying Zhang, Hejun Liu, Yongxiang Gao, Zhongliang Zhu, Zijun Chen, Peiyi Zheng, Lu Xue, Jixi Li, Maikun Teng, Liwen Niu
Histone chaperones are critical for guiding specific post-transcriptional modifications of histones, safeguarding the histone deposition (or disassociation) of nucleosome (dis)assembly, and regulating chromatin structures to change gene activities. HAT1-interacting factor 1 (Hif1) has been reported to be an H3-H4 chaperone and to be involved in telomeric silencing and nucleosome (dis)assembly. However, the structural basis for the interaction of Hif1 with histones remains unknown. Here, we report the complex structure of Hif1 binding to H2A-H2B for uncovering the chaperone specificities of Hif1 on binding to both the H2A-H2B dimer and the H3-H4 tetramer...
October 4, 2016: Structure
Xiaoxiao Hou, Jun Liu, Zhiren Zhang, Yanhui Zhai, Yutian Wang, Zhengzhu Wang, Bo Tang, Xueming Zhang, Liguang Sun, Ziyi Li
DNA methylation and histone modification play important roles in the development of mammalian embryos. Cytochalasin B (CB) is an actin polymerization inhibitor that can significantly affect cell activity and is often used in studies concerning cytology. In recent years, CB is also commonly being used in in vitro experiments on mammalian embryos, but few studies have addressed the effect of CB on the epigenetic modification of embryonic development, and the mechanism underlying this process is also unknown. This study was conducted to investigate the effects of CB on DNA methylation and histone modification in the development of parthenogenetically activated porcine embryos...
November 2016: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
Abolfazl Shirazi, Mohammad Mahdi Naderi, Hossein Hassanpour, Mahbobeh Heidari, Sara Borjian, Ali Sarvari, Mohammad Mehdi Akhondi
Apart from ultrastructural damages in oocytes subjected to cryopreservation procedures, little is known about the status of epigenetic modification and chromatin remodeling in vitrified oocytes. In present study, the expression patterns of eight genes involved in epigenetic modification (HAT1, HDAC1, SUV39H1, DNMT1, and DNMT3b), chromatin remodeling (HMGN3a and SMARCAL1), and transcription (STAT3), were investigated in fresh and vitrified germinal vesicle and metaphase II oocytes and their resulting embryos at 2 to 7 cells, 8 to 16 cells, morula, and blastocyst stages...
December 2016: Theriogenology
Shaw-Ji Chen, Ding-Lieh Liao, Tsu-Wang Shen, Hsin-Chou Yang, Kuang-Chi Chen, Chia-Hsiang Chen
Heroin addiction is a complex psychiatric disorder with a chronic course and a high relapse rate, which results from the interaction between genetic and environmental factors. Heroin addiction has a substantial heritability in its etiology; hence, identification of individuals with a high genetic propensity to heroin addiction may help prevent the occurrence and relapse of heroin addiction and its complications. The study aimed to identify a small set of genetic signatures that may reliably predict the individuals with a high genetic propensity to heroin addiction...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Qian Zhang, Longfei Chen, Xi Yu, Heng Liu, Oren Akhberdi, Jiao Pan, Xudong Zhu
In filamentous fungi, many gene clusters for the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites often stay silent under laboratory culture conditions because of the absence of communication with its natural environment. Epigenetic processes have been demonstrated to be critical in the expression of the genes or gene clusters. Here, we report the identification of a B-type histone acetyltransferase, Hat1, and demonstrate its significant roles in secondary metabolism, conidiation, and the cell wall integrity in the fungus Pestalotiopsis microspora...
December 2016: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Li-Juan Zou, Xing-Guang Deng, Xue-Ying Han, Wen-Rong Tan, Li-Jun Zhu, De-Hui Xi, Da-Wei Zhang, Hong-Hui Lin
Arabidopsis thaliana homeodomain-leucine zipper protein 1 (HAT1) belongs to the homeodomain-leucine zipper (HD-Zip) family class II that plays important roles in plant growth and development as a transcription factor. To elucidate further the role of HD-Zip II transcription factors in plant defense, the A. thaliana hat1, hat1hat3 and hat1hat2hat3 mutants and HAT1 overexpression plants (HAT1OX) were challenged with Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV). HAT1OX displayed more susceptibility, while loss-of-function mutants of HAT1 exhibited less susceptibility to CMV infection...
September 2016: Plant & Cell Physiology
Kyoung Ah Kang, Mei Jing Piao, Yea Seong Ryu, Hee Kyoung Kang, Weon Young Chang, Young Sam Keum, Jin Won Hyun
We recently reported that DNA demethylase ten-eleven translocation 1 (TET1) upregulates nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) in 5-fluorouracil-resistant colon cancer cells (SNUC5/5-FUR). In the present study, we examined the effect of histone modifications on Nrf2 transcriptional activation. Histone deacetylase (HDAC) and histone acetyltransferase (HAT) were respectively decreased and increased in SNUC5/5-FUR cells as compared to non-resistant parent cells. Mixed-lineage leukemia (MLL), a histone methyltransferase, was upregulated, leading to increased trimethylation of histone H3 lysine 4, while G9a was downregulated, leading to decreased dimethylation of histone H3 lysine 9...
June 28, 2016: Oncotarget
Marcos Arribas-Layton, Jaclyn Dennis, Eric J Bennett, Christian K Damgaard, Jens Lykke-Andersen
Processing bodies (PBs) are conserved cytoplasmic aggregations of translationally repressed mRNAs assembled with mRNA decay factors. The aggregation of mRNA-protein (mRNP) complexes into PBs involves interactions between low-complexity regions of protein components of the mRNPs. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the carboxy (C)-terminal Q/N-rich domain of the Lsm4 subunit of the Lsm1-7 complex plays an important role in PB formation, but the C-terminal domain of Lsm4 in most eukaryotes is an RGG domain rather than Q/N rich...
September 1, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Biology
Dan Liu, Min Zhang, Wei Xie, Gang Lan, Hai-Peng Cheng, Duo Gong, Chong Huang, Yun-Cheng Lv, Feng Yao, Yu-Lin Tan, Liang Li, Xi-Long Zheng, Chao-Ke Tang
RATIONALE: Excessive cholesterol accumulation in macrophages is a major factor of foam cell formation and development of atherosclerosis. Previous studies suggested that miR-486 plays an important role in cardiovascular diseases, but the underlying mechanism is still unknown. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to determine whether miR-486 regulates ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) mediated cholesterol efflux, and also explore the underlying mechanism...
April 8, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Federica Franciosi, Ghylene Goudet, Irene Tessaro, Pascal Papillier, Rozenn Dalbies-Tran, Fabrice Reigner, Stefan Deleuze, Cecile Douet, Ileana Miclea, Valentina Lodde, Alberto M Luciano
Implantation failure and genetic developmental disabilities in mammals are caused by errors in chromosome segregation originating mainly in the oocyte during meiosis I. Some conditions, like maternal ageing or in vitro maturation (IVM), increase the incidence of oocyte aneuploidy. Here oocytes from adult mares were used to investigate oocyte maturation in a monovulatory species. Experiments were conducted to compare: (1) the incidence of aneuploidy, (2) the morphology of the spindle, (3) the acetylation of lysine 16 on histone H4 (H4K16) and (4) the relative amount of histone acetyltransferase 1 (HAT1), K(lysine) acetyltransferase 8 (KAT8, also known as MYST1), histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) and NAD-dependent protein deacetylase sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) mRNA in metaphase II stage oocytes that were in vitro matured or collected from peri-ovulatory follicles...
December 14, 2015: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
Hui Wang, KeHui Liu, Bernard A M Fang, HaiQing Wu, FengDi Li, XiaoGang Xiang, WeiLiang Tang, GangDe Zhao, LanYi Lin, Shisan Bao, Qing Xie
BACKGROUND: The initiation of hepatitis B virus (HBV) replication involves the formation of covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA) and its transcription into pregenomic RNA (pgRNA) in hepatocyte nuclei. The regulatory mechanism of HBV replication by acetyltransferase is thus far not well understood, but human acetyltransferase has been reported as being involved in the regulation of HBV replication. RESULTS: Depletion of KAT8 or HAT1 via RNA interference (RNAi) markedly down-regulated HBV-DNA and pgRNA levels in HepG2...
2015: Cell & Bioscience
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