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David M Engelhard, Andreas Meyer, Andreas Berndhäuser, Olav Schiemann, Guido H Clever
Artificial metal-base tetrads composed of square-planar CuII(pyridine)4 complexes were covalently attached to both the 3' and 5' ends of tetramolecular DNA G-quadruplexes [Ld(G3-5)LdT]4 (L = pyridine ligand) of different lengths. Owing to the planar four-point attachment of the metal complexes, the magnetic orbitals (dx2-y2) of the d9-configured CuII cations are placed in a coplanar fashion, separated by the stacked guanine tetrads. Pulsed EPR-derived CuII-CuII distances and angles were found to be in agreement with those obtained from molecular dynamics simulations...
June 18, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Hwi Young Kim, Jeong-Ju Yoo, Sohee Oh, Su Jong Yu, Yoon Jun Kim, Jung-Hwan Yoon, Won Kim, Yong Jin Jung, Bo Hyun Kim, Chang-Min Kim, Joong-Won Park, Jeong-Hoon Lee
Prophylactic antiviral therapy is recommended for hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected patients with malignancies who are undergoing systemic chemotherapy. In the present study, we aimed to develop a risk scoring system to guide the selection of prophylactic antiviral agents. In this retrospective analysis, we included consecutive chronic hepatitis B patients who received antiviral prophylaxis for chemotherapy of solid or hematologic malignancies at 3 large-volume hospitals in Korea. The primary endpoint was HBV reactivation...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
Esther Luquin, Ibone Huerta, María S Aymerich, Elisa Mengual
The pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus (PPN) and laterodorsal tegmental nucleus (LDT) are functionally associated brainstem structures implicated in behavioral state control and sensorimotor integration. The PPN is also involved in gait and posture, while the LDT plays a role in reward. Both nuclei comprise characteristic cholinergic neurons intermingled with glutamatergic and GABAergic cells whose absolute numbers in the rat have been only partly established. Here we sought to determine the complete phenotypical profile of each nucleus to investigate potential differences between them...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
Qiu-Ju Sheng, Sui-Jing Wang, Yu-Yu Wu, Xiao-Guang Dou, Yang Ding
Preventing hepatitis B virus (HBV) mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) is the key to controlling the prevalence of chronic HBV infection. Adequate awareness of hepatitis B in hepatitis B s antigen (HBsAg) positive pregnant women may be helpful to reduce HBV MTCT.The aim of this study was to explore HBV seroprevalence among pregnant women and investigate the level of hepatitis B awareness among HBsAg positive pregnant women.HBV serum biomarkers were tested among pregnant women visiting Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Manuel Perea, Ana Marcet, Mario Lozano, Pablo Gomez
One of the key assumptions of the masked priming lexical decision task (LDT) is that primes are processed without requiring attentional resources. Here, we tested this assumption by presenting a dual-task manipulation to increase memory load and measure the change in masked identity priming on the targets in the LDT. If masked priming does not require attentional resources, increased memory load should have no influence on the magnitude of the observed identity priming effects. We conducted two LDT experiments, using a within-subjects design, to investigate the effect of memory load (via a concurrent matching task Experiment 1 and a concurrent search task in Experiment 2) on masked identity priming...
May 29, 2018: Memory & Cognition
Katsuyuki Kaneda
The laterodorsal tegmental nucleus (LDT) is a brainstem nucleus that sends cholinergic, glutamatergic, and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-ergic projections to the ventral tegmental area (VTA), a key brain region associated with reward information processing and reinforcement learning, and thus, with addiction induced by drugs of abuse, including cocaine. Recent studies have revealed that the LDT, in addition to the VTA, plays important roles in the development and expression of cocaine-induced addiction and stress-induced enhancement of addictive behaviors...
May 23, 2018: European Journal of Neuroscience
Karolina Elżbieta Kaczor-Urbanowicz, Harsh M Trivedi, Patricia O Lima, Paulo M Camargo, William V Giannobile, Tristan R Grogan, Frederico O Gleber-Netto, Yair Whiteman, Feng Li, Hyo Jung Lee, Karan Dharia, Katri Aro, Carmen Martin Carerras-Presas, Saarah Amuthan, Manjiri Vartak, David Akin, Hiba Al-Adbullah, Kanika Bembey, Perry R Klokkevold, David Elashoff, Virginia Monsul Barnes, Rose Richter, William DeVizio, James G Masters, David Wong
AIM: This study tests the hypothesis that salivary extracellular RNA (exRNA) biomarkers can be developed for gingivitis detection and monitoring disease regression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Salivary exRNA biomarker candidates were developed from a total of 100 gingivitis and non-gingivitis individuals using Affymetrix's expression microarrays. The top ten differentially expressed exRNAs were tested in a clinical cohort to determine if the discovered salivary exRNA markers for gingivitis were associated with clinical gingivitis and disease regression...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
You Hyeon Chae, Joo Sup Kim, Yeon Kang, Hyun Young Kim, Tae Im Yi
Objective: To investigate and compare the effect of low-dye taping (LDT) and figure-8 modification of LDT (MLDT) on peak plantar pressure and heel pain in patients with heel pad atrophy. Methods: There were reviewed 32 feet of 19 patients who have been diagnosed with heel pad atrophy who were enrolled in this study. The patients were diagnosed with heel pad atrophy with clinical findings, and loaded heel pad thickness measured by ultrasonography. At the first visit, patients were taught how to do LDT and MLDT...
April 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Filip S Polli, Kristi A Kohlmeier
Despite dissemination of information regarding the harm on fetal development of smoking while pregnant, the number of pregnancies associated with nicotine exposure appears to have stagnated. Presence of nicotine during neural formulation is associated with a higher susceptibility of drug dependence, suggesting an altered development of neurons in circuits involved in saliency and motivation. The laterodorsal tegmental nucleus (LDT) plays a role in coding stimuli valence via afferents to mesolimbic nuclei. Accordingly, alterations in development of neural mechanisms in the LDT could be involved in vulnerability to drug dependency...
April 25, 2018: Neuropharmacology
Christopher S Ealand, Edith E Machowski, Bavesh D Kana
Disruption of peptidoglycan (PG) biosynthesis in the bacterial cell wall by β-lactam antibiotics has transformed therapeutic options for bacterial infections. These antibiotics target the transpeptidase domains in penicillin binding proteins (PBPs), which can be classified into high and low molecular weight (LMW) counterparts. While the essentiality of the former has been extensively demonstrated, the physiological roles of LMW PBPs remain poorly understood. Herein, we review the function of LMW PBPs, β-lactamases and ld-transpeptidases (Ldts) in pathogens associated with respiratory tract infections...
May 2, 2018: IUBMB Life
Luis Eduardo Ferreira, Bruno Iglesias Benincasa, Ana Lúcia Fachin, Silvia Helena Taleb Contini, Suzelei Castro França, Ana Carolina Souza Chagas, Rene Oliveira Beleboni
BACKGROUND: Infections of sheep with gastrointestinal parasites, especially Haemonchus contortus, have caused serious losses in livestock production, particularly after the emergence of resistance to conventional anthelmintics. The search for new anthelmintic agents, especially those of botanical origin, has grown substantially due to the perspective of less contamination of meat and milk, as well as other advantages related to their cost and accessibility in less developed countries...
April 25, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
Eder Gambeta, Marcio Augusto Batista, Gabriel Paz Maschio, Joelle de Melo Turnes, Erika Ivanna Araya, Juliana Geremias Chichorro
Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is a painful condition characterized by excruciating facial pain, which has a serious impact on quality of life. Depression and anxiety have been commonly associated with TN, but clinical studies report that these comorbidities are frequently underdiagnosed and undertreated in TN patients. Herein it was investigated if rats submitted to the infraorbital nerve constriction (CION), a model of trigeminal neuropathic pain, would display anxiety- and depressive-like behaviors in addition to the facial sensory changes in different time points after the nerve injury...
July 1, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
Michael Payne, Linda Merrick, Tanya Lawson, Gordon Ritchie, Christopher Lowe
Commutability between human cytomegalovirus (CMV) viral load assays (VLA) is poor, despite the development of a WHO CMV International Standard (CMV IS). We evaluated a new CMV VLA, cobas® CMV, as compared to our current laboratory developed CMV VLA (LDT), for clinical use. Both the LDT and cobas® CMV were run in parallel for 109 patient samples. In addition, 104 replicates, over 8 dilutions, of the CMV IS were tested. Conversion factors and correlation between the two assays were calculated. The correlation coefficient between the LDT and cobas® CMV was 0...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
M Babják, A Königová, M Urda Dolinská, J Vadlejch, M Várady
Anthelmintic resistance (AR) is a serious threat to animal health and has a major economic impact worldwide due to production and financial losses. The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of AR on 30 goat farms in Slovakia during the pasturing seasons and to compare three widely used in vitro and in vivo methods for detecting AR in field conditions. A three-year survey was conducted during the pasturing seasons of 2014-2016. Goats on each farm were split into treated and control groups and were treated by recommended (5 mg/kg body weight) and double doses (10 mg/kg b...
April 30, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
Jong Won Choi, Se Hyun Kim, Jeong Hun Seo, Yong Suk Cho, Sun Young Won, Byung Kyu Park, Han Ho Jeon, Yong Kang Lee, Chun Kyon Lee
PURPOSE: To estimate long-term outcomes after treatment modification in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) treated with entecavir (ETV) and telbivudine (LdT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study enrolled 131 nucleos(t)ide analogue (NA)-naïve CHB patients treated with ETV or LdT. During the 3-year study, NA treatment history including the incidence, the type of treatment modification, reasons for the modification, and overall complete virologic response (CVR) rate were retrospectively evaluated using the patients' medical records...
May 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
Zainab Edoo, Laura Iannazzo, Fabrice Compain, Inès Li de la Sierra Gallay, Herman van Tilbeurgh, Matthieu Fonvielle, Flavie Bouchet, Eva Le Run, Jean-Luc Mainardi, Michel Arthur, Mélanie Ethève-Quelquejeu, Jean-Emmanuel Hugonnet
There is a renewed interest for β-lactams for treating infections due to Mycobacterium tuberculosis and M. abscessus because their β-lactamases are inhibited by classical (clavulanate) or new generation (avibactam) inhibitors, respectively. Here, access to an azido derivative of the diazabicyclooctane (DBO) scaffold of avibactam for functionalization by the Huisgen-Sharpless cycloaddition reaction is reported. The amoxicillin-DBO combinations were active, indicating that the triazole ring is compatible with drug penetration (minimal inhibitory concentration of 16 μg mL-1 for both species)...
March 30, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
Łukasz Grewling, Dorota Jenerowicz, Paweł Bogawski, Matt Smith, Małgorzata Nowak, Agata Frątczak, Magdalena Czarnecka-Operacz
Introduction: The role of long-distance transported (LDT) Ambrosia pollen in inducing new sensitization and affecting sensitization rates in Artemisia -sensitized patients is unclear. Aim: The aim of this study was to estimate the degree of cross-sensitization to Ambrosia/Artemisi a allergens in citizens of Poznan (Western Poland). This area is covered by extensive Artemisia populations but does not currently have local Ambrosia populations. Material and methods: Sera of 119 patients were tested by fluoroenzyme immunoassay (CAP-FEIA system) against pollen allergen extracts of Artemisia vulgaris and Ambrosia artemisiifolia , an allergenic component of A...
February 2018: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
Charles H Clapp, Justin Pachuski, Natasha F Bassett, Kathleen A Bishop, Gillian Carter, Megan Young, Thomas Young, Yuhan Fu
Lipoxygenases catalyze the oxygenation of polyunsaturated fatty acids and their derivatives to produce conjugated diene hydroperoxides. Soybean lipoxygenase-1 (SBLO-1) has been the subject of intensive structural and mechanistic study, but the manner in which this enzyme binds substrates is uncertain. Previous studies suggest that the fatty acyl group of the substrate binds in an internal cavity near the catalytic iron with the polar end at the surface of the protein or perhaps external to the protein. To test this model, we have investigated two pairs of enantiomeric N-linoleoylamino acids as substrates for SBLO-1...
March 8, 2018: Bioorganic Chemistry
Fabio Richlan, Juliane Schubert, Rebecca Mayer, Florian Hutzler, Martin Kronbichler
Introduction: In this functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study, we compared task performance together with brain activation in a visuospatial task (VST) and a letter detection task (LDT) between longtime action video gamers ( N  =   14) and nongamers ( N  =   14) in order to investigate possible effects of gaming on cognitive and brain abilities. Methods: Based on previous research, we expected advantages in performance for experienced action video gamers accompanied by less activation (due to higher efficiency) as measured by fMRI in the frontoparietal attention network...
January 2018: Brain and Behavior
Dean A VanNasdale, Ann E Elsner, Victor E Malinovsky, Todd D Peabody, Kimberly D Kohne, Bryan P Haggerty, Christopher A Clark
SIGNIFICANCE: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of irreversible vision loss. Complementary imaging techniques can be used to better characterize and quantify pathological changes associated with AMD. By assessing specific light-tissue interactions, polarization-sensitive imaging can be used to detect tissue disruption early in the disease process. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare variability in central macular polarization properties in patients with nonexudative AMD and age-matched control subjects...
April 2018: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
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