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Francisco Antonio Guardiola, Carolina Barroso, Paula Enes, Ana Couto, Patricia Díaz-Rosales, António Afonso, Erika Kanashiro, Helena Peres, Elisabete Matos, Aires Oliva-Teles, Pedro Pousão-Ferreira, Benjamín Costas
Many studies have assessed the effects of incorporation of plant feedstuffs in fish diets on growth performance, whereas few studies have addressed the effects of fish meal replacement by plant protein sources on fish immune parameters. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effects on immune response of different inclusion levels of carob seed germ meal (CSGM) as partial replacement for fish meal in diets for meagre (Argyrosomus regius) juveniles. Fish were fed four experimental diets with increased CSGM inclusion levels [0% (control), 7...
May 15, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Thaïs Baert, Joke Van Camp, Lisa Vanbrabant, Pieter Busschaert, Annouschka Laenen, Sileny Han, Els Van Nieuwenhuysen, Ignace Vergote, An Coosemans
OBJECTIVE: The effect of CA125, neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and thrombocytosis on survival has been studied in ovarian cancer. This study explores the link between these variables and serum markers of ovarian cancer patients, such as signaling proteins and cytokines. METHODS: Serum samples of 39 patients with high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC) were collected at diagnosis and were retrospectively analysed for clinical characteristics, clinical parameters (NLR, CA125, platelet count) and immune profile [IL-4 (interleukin), IL-10, IL-13, IL-17, transforming growth factor-β, Arginase-1, Interferon gamma), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), galectin-1 and chemokine (C-C) motif ligand 2...
May 8, 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
Susanna Nikolaus, Georg H Waetzig, Sven Butzin, Monika Ziolkiewicz, Natalie Al-Massad, Florian Thieme, Ulf Lövgren, Birgitte B Rasmussen, Torsten M Reinheimer, Dirk Seegert, Philip Rosenstiel, Silke Szymczak, Stefan Schreiber
PURPOSE: Interleukin-6 (IL-6) production and signalling are increased in the inflamed mucosa in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). As published serum levels of IL-6 and its soluble receptors sIL-6R and sgp130 in IBD are from small cohorts and partly contradictory, we systematically evaluated IL-6, sIL-6R and sgp130 levels as markers of disease activity in Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). METHODS: Consecutive adult outpatients with confirmed CD or UC were included, and their disease activity and medication were monitored...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
A T Kloek, H N Khan, M Valls Seron, A Jongejan, A H Zwinderman, F Baas, A van der Ende, D van de Beek, B Ferwerda, M C Brouwer
OBJECTIVE: To study whether genetic variation in coagulation and fibrinolysis genes contributes to cerebrovascular complications in bacterial meningitis. METHODS: We performed a nationwide prospective genetic association study in adult community-acquired bacterial meningitis patients. The exons and flanking regions of 16 candidate genes involved in coagulation and fibrinolysis pathways were sequenced. We analyzed whether genetic variation in these genes resulted in a higher risk of cerebrovascular complications, unfavorable outcome and differences in thrombocyte count on admission...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Infection
Nirmanmoh Bhatia, Robert D Sawyer, Sohail Ikram
Eptifibatide is a glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa inhibitor used mostly in the treatment of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The GP IIb/IIIa antagonists occupy the fibrinogen binding site at the GP IIb/IIIa and block thrombocyte aggregation independent of the initial activation pathway. Severe thrombocytopenia has been reported with eptifibatide use. Thrombocytopenia after ACS can have multiple etiologies. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has also been implicated in immune-mediated thrombocytopenia. In this manuscript, we report a case of acute severe thrombocytopenia secondary to eptifibatide use in a patient with a history of HIV infection who presented with an ST elevation myocardial infarction...
October 2017: Methodist DeBakey Cardiovascular Journal
Antoine Venault, Min-Wen Lai, Jheng-Fong Jhong, Chih-Chen Yeh, Lu-Chen Yeh, Yung Chang
The field of bio-inert materials is relatively mature as unique molecular designs for antifouling have been regularly presented over the past 30 years. However, the effect of steam sterilization, a common procedure in hospitals for sterilizing biomedical devices in clinical uses, on the stability of antifouling and hemocompatible biomaterials remains unexplored. The only available set of data indicates that poly(sulfobetaine methacrylate) (SBMA) is unstable and loses its antifouling properties when exposed to hot humid air, depriving it of its attractiveness...
May 8, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Burak Dik, Gonca Sonmez, Hatice Eser Faki, Emre Bahcivan
The aim of this study, was to determine the effect of sulfasalazine for different periods of time reduces disseminated intravascular coagulation, inflammation and organ damages by inhibiting the nuclear factor kappa beta pathway. The study was performed with 30 Wistar albino rats and the groups were established as Control group, LPS group; endotoxemia was induced with LPS, SL5 group: sulfasalazine (300 mg/kg, single dose daily) was administered for 5 days before the LPS-induced endotoxemia, and LS group: sulfasalazine (300 mg/kg, single dose) was administered similtenously with LPS...
May 2, 2018: Experimental Animals
Mustafa Cengiz
The goal of this study was to determine the effects of  boric acid (B) as a boron source on blood cells and indirectly on bone marrow. Intraperitoneally (i.p.) administration of 200 mg / kg of cyclophosphamide (CP) resulted in reductions in the number of erythrocyte (20%), hemoglobin (20%), leukocytes (96%), thrombocytes (41%), and hematocrit (21%). The group given CP alone was killed 3 days after the CP administrated. For the group having CP+B (200 mg/kg i.p) treatment was started 3 days earlier than the CP administration and continued to the finish of the experiment (6 days)...
April 30, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Duan Liu, Jiang Shao, Yu Chen, Bao Liu, Xiao Jun Song, Yue Xin Chen, Chang Wei Liu, Wei Ye, Rong Zeng, Zhi Li Liu, Yue Hong Zheng
Objective To determine whether interval-spaced sessions of partial splenic artery embolization(PSE) is a safe and effective alternative treatment for hypersplenism in juvenile patients. Methods Eight patients(3 males and 5 females) were included in this retrospective study.All patients were diagnosed as hypersplenism and underwent PSE in 2-3 sessions separated by 1-2 month intervals.Immediate,short,and long term follow-up were done.The effectiveness of the treatment was evaluated.Results No major postoperative complication was noted...
April 28, 2018: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
Shih-Yu Chen, Yi-Lun Tsai, Suen-Chuain Lin, Yeong-Huey Wu, Ming-Huei Liao, Ching-Dong Chang, Tsung-Hsien Li, Hsiao-Kuang Ho
Hematology and serum biochemistry reference values are essential for health evaluation and disease diagnosis in penguins. However, there are currently no published physiological values for captive Adélie (Pygoscelis adeliae) and Chinstrap penguins (P. antarcticus), nor for wild or captive Macaroni penguins (Eudyptes chrysolophus). The present study is the first investigation regarding hematology and serum biochemistry reference values for captive Adélie, Gentoo (P. papua), Chinstrap, and Macaroni penguins in Asia...
May 3, 2018: Zoo Biology
Caroline Madsen, Kira Philipsen Prahm, Cecilia Nilsson, Lars Henning Pedersen, Morten Hanefeld Dziegiel, Morten Hedegaard
Foetal and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FNAIT) can cause cerebral haemorrhage in newborns. FNAIT occurs in women, who do not have the thrombocyte type human platelet antigen (HPA)-1a and are carrying an HPA-1a positive foetus. Maternal antibodies can cause thrombocytopenia in the foetus or newborn. Antenatal screening for FNAIT can easily be integrated in the already existing national screening programme for rhesus immunisation. Prophylactic treatment with immunoglobulines for pregnancies at risk can prevent neonatal complications...
April 23, 2018: Ugeskrift for Laeger
Lejla Colic, Marie Woelfer, Merima Colic, Anna Linda Leutritz, Thomas Liebe, Luisa Fensky, Zumrut Duygu Sen, Meng Li, Juliane Hoffmann, Moritz A Kretzschmar, Berend Isermann, Martin Walter
Recently, ketamine has been investigated as a potential antidepressant option for treatment resistant depression. Unlike traditional drugs, it yields immediate effects, most likely via increased glutamatergic transmission and synaptic plasticity. However, ketamine administration in humans is systemic and its long-term impact on blood parameters has not yet been described in clinical studies. Here we investigated potential sustained effects of ketamine administration (0.5 mg/kg ketamine racemate) on hematological and biochemical values in plasma and serum in a randomized double-blinded study...
April 23, 2018: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Yu V Khoronko, A E Sarkisov, A A Kiva
AIM: To improve the results of treatment of gastroesophageal variceal bleeding (GEVB) in cirrhotic patients with thrombocytopenia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total experience of the clinic includes 338 GEVB patients, endoscopic variceal ligation (EVL) and transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) were performed in 162 and 157 cases respectively. Nevertheless, just the efficacy of initial pharmacological hemostatic therapy was analyzed. RESULTS: Administration of serotonin adipinate 30-50 mg/day during 3-5 days in addition to standard initial therapy allowed us to achieve permanent hemostasis during initial treatment if EVL was impossible...
2018: Khirurgiia
Imke Hennink, Martin W van Leeuwen, Louis C Penning, Christine J Piek
Dogs suffering from canine idiopathic immune mediated hemolytic anemia (cIIMHA) are at great risk of dying particularly in the first two weeks after the diagnosis is made. This high mortality risk may be associated with the development of thromboembolism (TE) and/or disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) resulting in organ failure. The exact mechanism of the development of TE and/or DIC in cIIMHA is still undetermined. Therefore, this study investigates the presence of tissue factor (TF) in thrombocytes of dogs suffering from cIIMHA, using OptiPrep™ for the isolation of blood cells and immunocytochemistry (ICC) to visualize TF on thrombocytes...
February 2018: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
Yunus Çolak, Shoaib Afzal, Peter Lange, Børge G Nordestgaard
Introduction: Smoking is associated with systemic and local inflammation in the lungs. Furthermore, in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which is often caused by smoking, there is often systemic inflammation that is linked to lung function impairment. However, the causal pathways linking smoking, systemic inflammation, and airflow limitation are still unknown. We tested whether higher tobacco consumption is associated with higher systemic inflammation, observationally and genetically and whether genetically higher systemic inflammation is associated with airflow limitation...
April 24, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Jose J Lopez, Mohammed El Haouari, Isaac Jardin, Nieves Alonso, Sergio Regodon, Raquel Diez Bello, Pedro Cosme Redondo, Juan A Rosado
Thrombotic disorders are characterized by an increase in the probability of the formation of unnecessary thrombi that might be due to the activation of the coagulation cascade or the circulating platelets. Platelets or thrombocytes play an essential role in hemostasis but abnormal platelet function leads to the development of a number of cardiovascular complications, including thrombotic disorders. Under pathological conditions, platelets are associated with the development of different thrombotic disorders, including atherosclerosis, arterial thrombosis and stroke, deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism; therefore, platelets are the target of a number of anti-thrombotic strategies...
April 17, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Nivesh K Mittal, Bivash Mandal, Pavan Balabathula, Saini Setua, Dileep R Janagam, Leonard Lothstein, Laura A Thoma, George C Wood
Doxorubicin cardiotoxicity has led to the development of superior chemotherapeutic agents such as AD 198. However, depletion of healthy neutrophils and thrombocytes from AD 198 therapy must be limited. This can be done by the development of a targeted drug delivery system that delivers AD 198 to the malignant cells. The current research highlights the development and in vitro analysis of targeted liposomes containing AD 198. The best lipids were identified and optimized for physicochemical effects on the liposomal system...
April 15, 2018: Pharmaceutics
Joseph Menczer, Osnat Elyashiv, Erez Ben-Shem, Ofri Peled, Tally Levy
BACKGROUND: Uterine carcinosarcoma (UCS) is a rare tumor with a poor prognosis. An elevated thrombocyte count and thrombocytosis were found to be associated with poor prognosis in several gynecological tumors. Data regarding an elevated thrombocyte count and thrombocytosis, particularly in UCS, are scarce. OBJECTIVES: To assess the frequency of a preoperative elevated thrombocyte count and of thrombocytosis in UCS patients and their association with clinicopathological prognostic factors and survival...
April 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
Mikael Sundin, Per Marits, Stefan Nierkens, Antonios G A Kolios, Jakob Nilsson
Thrombocytopenia presenting during early childhood is most commonly diagnosed as immune/idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), where the antibody-mediated destruction of thrombocytes is often transient. If treatment is indicated, the majority of patients respond to immune-modulation by intravenous immunoglobulin G infusion or systemic corticosteroids. Differential diagnoses to childhood ITP includes thrombocytopenia due to infections, drugs, rheumatologic conditions, immune dysregulation, and inherited bone marrow failures, for example, congenital amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
Mansoor Ahmed, Mohsin Ali, Seyed Abdulmajid Ayatollahi, Marjan Esfahanizadeh, Farzad Kobarfard, Ameer Hasan, Khalid Mohammed Khan, Syed Moazzam Haider
During the past few decades the emergence of inorganic medicinal chemistry has been developed novel therapeutic agents. Researcher's perseverance in this branch of chemistry has led them to explore further valuable chemical spaces by synthesizing metal complexes already known pharmacological agents for their potential use. However, it is in its early stage, this methodology has demonstrated metal complexes with better bioactivities than the parent ligand molecules. In this study, transition metal complexes of pyrazinamide (PZ), isoniazid (INH), fluconazole (FCZ), metformin (dimethylbiguanide, DMBG) and losartan potassium (LS-K) were selected to evaluate for their possible anti-platelets aggregation in the light of reports on divalent and trivalent cations like calcium, copper, manganese, magnesium, and cadmium may influence the process of thrombocytic activity and aggregation...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
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