keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Transportation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823103/bariatric-surgery-is-accompanied-by-changes-in-extracellular-vesicle-associated-and-plasma-fatty-acid-binding-protein-4
#1
Justyna K Witczak, Thinzar Min, Sarah L Prior, Jeffrey W Stephens, Philip E James, Aled Rees
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery markedly reduces fat mass with beneficial effects on cardiometabolic health but the mechanisms involved are not fully understood. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are secreted by a variety of cells, including adipocytes, and may mediate some of these benefits. However, the effects of bariatric surgery on circulating EVs are unclear. METHODS: Concentration of plasma EVs isolated by ultracentrifugation at baseline, 1 and 6 months post-bariatric surgery (n = 20) was established using Nanoparticle Tracking Analysis...
August 19, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823034/effect-of-pristine-and-functionalized-single-and-multi-walled-carbon-nanotubes-on-co2-separation-of-mixed-matrix-membranes-based-on-polymers-of-intrinsic-microporosity-pim-1-a-molecular-dynamics-simulation-study
#2
Karim Golzar, Hamid Modarress, Sepideh Amjad-Iranagh
Molecular dynamics (MD) and grand canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC) simulations were conducted to investigate the transport properties of carbon dioxide, methane, nitrogen, and oxygen through pure and mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) based on polymers of intrinsic microporosity (PIM-1). For this purpose, first, 0.5 to 3 wt% of pristine single-walled carbon nanotube (p-SWCNT) and multi-walled carbon nanotube (p-MWCNT) were embedded into the pure PIM-1, and then for better dispersion of CNT particles into the polymer matrix and to improve the performance of the resulting MMMs, polyethylene glycol (PEG) functionalized SWCNT and MWCNT (f-SWCNT and f-MWCNT, respectively) were loaded...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Molecular Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822994/glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-agonist-stimulates-mitochondrial-bioenergetics-in-human-adipocytes
#3
Joanna Góralska, Agnieszka Śliwa, Anna Gruca, Urszula Raźny, Monika Chojnacka, Anna Polus, Bogdan Solnica, Małgorzata Malczewska-Malec
Glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) are relatively new pharmacological agents used to normalize glucose level in type 2 diabetes. Recently, GLP-1RAs have been approved for the treatment of obesity to reduce body weight in non-diabetic patients. The extra-pancre-atic effects of GLP-1RAs, as well as their molecular mechanism of action, are still poorly understood. Thus this study was aimed to verify the hypothesis that the mechanism of action of the GLP-1RAs involves mitochondria and that GLP-1RAs administration can improve mitochondrial functions...
August 19, 2017: Acta Biochimica Polonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822986/insights-in-pathogenesis-of-multiple-sclerosis-nitric-oxide-may-induce-mitochondrial-dysfunction-of-oligodendrocytes
#4
Minghong Lan, Xiaoyi Tang, Jie Zhang, Zhongxiang Yao
Demyelinating diseases, such as multiple sclerosis (MS), are kinds of common diseases in the central nervous system (CNS), and originated from myelin loss and axonal damage. Oligodendrocyte dysfunction is the direct reason of demyelinating lesions in the CNS. Nitric oxide (NO) plays an important role in the pathological process of demyelinating diseases. Although the neurotoxicity of NO is more likely mediated by peroxynitrite rather than NO itself, NO can impair oligodendrocyte energy metabolism through mediating the damaging of mitochondrial DNA, mitochondrial membrane and mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes...
August 21, 2017: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822962/glucose-transporter-4-glut4-deficient-hearts-develop-maladaptive-hypertrophy-in-response-to-physiologic-or-pathologic-stresses
#5
Adam Raymond Wende, Jaetaek Kim, William Holland, Benjamin E Wayment, Brian T O'Neill, Joseph Tuinei, Manoja K Brahma, Mark E Pepin, Mark A McCrory, Ivan Luptak, Ganesh V Halade, Sheldon E Litwin, E Dale Abel
Pathological cardiac hypertrophy may be associated with reduced expression of the GLUT4 glucose transporter in contrast to exercise-induced cardiac hypertrophy, where GLUT4 levels are increased. However, mice with cardiac specific deletion of GLUT4 (G4H-/-) have normal cardiac function in the unstressed state. This study tested the hypothesis that cardiac GLUT4 is required for myocardial adaptations to hemodynamic demands. G4H-/- and control littermates (Con) were subjected to either a pathological model of left ventricular pressure overload (transverse aortic constriction; TAC) or a physiological model of endurance exercise (swim training)...
August 19, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822938/do-natural-biofilm-impact-nzvi-mobility-and-interactions-with-porous-media-a-column-study
#6
Marc Crampon, Jennifer Hellal, Christophe Mouvet, Guillaume Wille, Caroline Michel, Anke Wiener, Juergen Braun, Patrick Ollivier
Nanoparticles (NP) used as remediation agents for groundwater treatment may interact with biofilms naturally present, altering NP mobility and/or reactivity and thereby NP effectiveness. The influence of the presence of a multi species biofilm on the mobility of two types of zero-valent iron NP (nZVI; NANOFER 25S and optimized NANOFER STAR, NanoIron s.r.o. (Czech Republic)) was tested in laboratory experiments with columns mimicking aquifer conditions. Biofilms were grown in columns filled with sand in nitrate reducing conditions using groundwater from an industrial site as inoculum...
August 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822932/hydrochemistry-of-waters-in-snowpacks-lakes-and-streams-of-mt-dagu-eastern-of-tibet-plateau
#7
Guang Zhao, Wei Li, Feng Li, Fu Zhang, Gangcai Liu
There is little available information on hydrochemistry of waters from glacial source to downstream of glacierized catchments. Here we examine the water chemistry of the snowpacks, lakes and streams at eight sampling sites within glacial basin in Mt. Dagu, east Tibetan Plateau. An air mass trajectory model, correlation analysis, Gibbs model, Piper diagram and hydrograph separation analysis were utilized to investigate the characteristics and solutes sources of these waters. Generally, the TDS (Total dissolved solids; 7...
August 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822930/spatial-and-temporal-patterns-of-pesticide-concentrations-in-streamflow-drainage-and-runoff-in-a-small-swedish-agricultural-catchment
#8
Maria Sandin, Kristin Piikki, Nicholas Jarvis, Mats Larsbo, Kevin Bishop, Jenny Kreuger
A better understanding of the dominant source areas and transport pathways of pesticide losses to surface water is needed for targeting mitigation efforts in a more cost-effective way. To this end, we monitored pesticides in surface water in an agricultural catchment typical of one of the main crop production regions in Sweden. Three small sub-catchments (88-242ha) were selected for water sampling based on a high-resolution digital soil map developed from proximal sensing methods and soil sampling; one sub-catchment had a high proportion of clay soils, another was dominated by coarse sandy soils while the third comprised a mix of soil types...
August 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822920/are-frailty-components-associated-with-disability-in-specific-activities-of-daily-living-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-multicenter-canadian-study
#9
Véronique Provencher, François Béland, Louise Demers, Johanne Desrosiers, Nathalie Bier, José Alberto Ávila-Funes, Claude Galand, Dominic Julien, John D Fletcher, Lise Trottier, Benyahia Hami
Current studies show the relevance of geriatric prevention and rehabilitation programs to slow down the development of disability in community-dwelling older adults who are becoming frail. This evidence reveals the importance of improving knowledge on how individual components of frailty and specific disability in basic and instrumental activities of daily living (ADL) are related, to offer early, targeted, and tailored interventions. The objective was to examine the association between each of the five frailty phenotype components (weakness, slowness, exhaustion, low physical activity, weight loss) and disability in specific ADL pertaining to physical aspects (bathing, dressing, cutting toe nails, transportation, shopping, housekeeping, food purchasing, food preparation) and cognitive aspects (finances, telephone, medication)...
August 2, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822899/a-coupled-diffusion-fluid-pressure-model-to-predict-cell-density-distribution-for-cells-encapsulated-in-a-porous-hydrogel-scaffold-under-mechanical-loading
#10
Feihu Zhao, Ted J Vaughan, Myles J Mc Garrigle, Laoise M McNamara
Tissue formation within tissue engineering (TE) scaffolds is preceded by growth of the cells throughout the scaffold volume and attachment of cells to the scaffold substrate. It is known that mechanical stimulation, in the form of fluid perfusion or mechanical strain, enhances cell differentiation and overall tissue formation. However, due to the complex multi-physics environment of cells within TE scaffolds, cell transport under mechanical stimulation is not fully understood. Therefore, in this study, we have developed a coupled multiphysics model to predict cell density distribution in a TE scaffold...
August 3, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822850/an-assessment-of-food-safety-information-provision-for-uk-chemotherapy-patients-to-reduce-the-risk-of-foodborne-infection
#11
E W Evans, E C Redmond
OBJECTIVES: Given the increased risk of foodborne infection to cancer patients receiving chemotherapy treatment, and the risk of listeriosis reportedly five-times greater to this immunocompromised patient group, there is a need to ensure the implementation of domestic food safety practices among chemotherapy patients and their family caregivers. However, information regarding the adequacy of resources to inform and enable patients to implement domestic food safety practices to reduce the risk of foodborne infection is limited...
August 17, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822768/functional-dissection-and-transport-mechanism-of-magnesium-in-plants
#12
REVIEW
Zhi Chang Chen, Wen Ting Peng, Jian Li, Hong Liao
Magnesium (Mg) is the second most abundant cation in plants, and, as such, is involved in numerous physiological and biochemical processes, including photosynthesis, enzyme activation, and synthesis of nucleic acids and proteins. Due to its relatively small ionic radius and large hydrated radius, Mg binds weakly to soil and root surfaces, and thereby is easily leached from soil. Mg deficiency not only affects crop productivity and quality, but also contributes to numerous chronic human diseases. Therefore, Mg nutrition in plants is an important issue in nutrition and food security...
August 16, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822711/efficacy-of-passive-hypothermia-and-adverse-events-during-transport-of-asphyxiated-newborns-according-to-the-severity-of-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy
#13
Nuria Carreras, Miguel Alsina, Ana Alarcon, Gemma Arca-Díaz, Thais Agut, Alfredo García-Alix
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the efficacy of passive hypothermia and adverse events during transport are related to the severity of neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 67 infants with HIE, born between April 2009 and December 2013, who were transferred for therapeutic hypothermia and cooled during transport. RESULTS: Fifty-six newborns (84%) were transferred without external sources of heat and 11 (16%) needed an external heat source...
August 17, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822708/mrtf-a-mir-206-wdr1-form-feedback-loop-to-regulate-breast-cancer-cell-migration
#14
Yuan Xiang, Xing-Hua Liao, Ao Yao, Huan Qin, Li-Juan Fan, Jia-Peng Li, Peng Hu, Hui Li, Wei Guo, Jun-Yan Li, Chao-Jiang Gu, Le-Yuan Bao, Tong-Cun Zhang
Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in women worldwide which is closely related to metastasis. Our previous study has shown that MRTF-A promote the migration of MDA-MB-231 cells and WDR1 promotes breast cancer cell migration. But the exact molecular mechanism on metastasis is still not fully understood, we now report that WDR1 enhanced the effect of MRTF-A induced-MDA-MB-231 cell migration by promoting the expression of the EMT markers and migration markers via RhoA-MRTF-A signaling pathway. Importantly, WDR1 promoted the nuclear importion of MRTF-A by affecting the expression of nuclear transport protein importin...
August 16, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822588/characterization-of-reactive-flow-induced-evolution-of-carbonate-rocks-using-digital-core-analysis-part-2-calculation-of-the-evolution-of-percolation-and-transport-properties
#15
Jafar Qajar, Christoph H Arns
Percolation of reactive fluids in carbonate rocks affects the rock microstructure and hence changes the rock macroscopic properties. In Part 1 paper, we examined the voxel-wise evolution of microstructure of the rock in terms of mineral dissolution/detachment, mineral deposition, and unchanged regions. In the present work, we investigate the relationships between changes in two characteristic transport properties, i.e. permeability and electrical conductivity and two critical parameters of the pore phase, i...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822553/vitamin-d-status-in-growing-dairy-goats-and-sheep-influence-of-ultraviolet-b-radiation-on-bone-metabolism-and-calcium-homeostasis
#16
M V Nemeth, M R Wilkens, A Liesegang
The aim of this study was to investigate how controlled UVB irradiation in combination with reduced nutritional vitamin D (vitD) supply affects vitD status and Ca metabolism of growing goats and sheep. The hypothesis was that, like dairy cows, goats and sheep are able to compensate for the missing nutritional supply of vitD through endogenous production in the skin, with the consequence of a high vitD status and a balanced Ca homeostasis. Sixteen lambs and 14 goat kids aged 3 and a half months were housed in an UVB free environment and fed hay and a vitD-free concentrate over a period of 13 wk...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822459/oral-propylene-glycol-modifies-follicular-fluid-and-gene-expression-profiles-in-cumulus-oocyte-complexes-and-embryos-in-feed-restricted-heifers
#17
G Gamarra, C Ponsart, S Lacaze, F Nuttinck, A Cordova, P Mermillod, B Marquant-Le Guienne, D Monniaux, P Humblot, A A Ponter
Dietary supplementation with propylene glycol (PG) increases in vitro production of high-quality embryos in feed-restricted heifers. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of PG in feed-restricted heifers on follicular fluid insulin and insulin-like growth factor (IGF) 1 concentrations, expression of IGF system genes in oocytes and cumulus cells and the expression of selected genes in blastocysts. Feed-restricted (R) heifers were drenched with water or PG during induced oestrous cycles (400mL of PG or water/drench, daily drenching at 1600 hours for the first 9 days of the oestrous cycle)...
August 21, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822248/tio2-nanoparticles-in-sediments-effect-on-the-bioavailability-of-heavy-metals-in-the-freshwater-bivalve-corbicula-fluminea
#18
Xiulei Fan, Chao Wang, Peifang Wang, Bin Hu, Xun Wang
Most studies investigating the influence of TiO2 NPs on heavy metal bioavailability have focused on the aqueous phase; however, few have examined the sediments containing more nanoparticles. Here, we investigated the effects of TiO2 NPs on heavy metal bioavailability in C. fluminea in sediments. The interactions between the TiO2 NPs and metals in sediments, the influence of TiO2 NPs on metals levels in aqueous phase and geochemical speciation were also explored. The results indicated the large adsorption capacity of TiO2 NPs and the strong adsorption affinity to metals caused the metals adsorbed on nanoparticles, which decreased the metals concentrations in water phase...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822229/vasculogenesis-and-angiogenesis-initiation-under-normoxic-conditions-through-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-pathway-in-gliomas
#19
Alexandre Vallée, Rémy Guillevin, Jean-Noël Vallée
The canonical Wnt/β-catenin pathway is up-regulated in gliomas and involved in proliferation, invasion, apoptosis, vasculogenesis and angiogenesis. Nuclear β-catenin accumulation correlates with malignancy. Hypoxia activates hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α by inhibiting HIF-1α prolyl hydroxylation, which promotes glycolytic energy metabolism, vasculogenesis and angiogenesis, whereas HIF-1α is degraded by the HIF prolyl hydroxylase under normoxic conditions. We focus this review on the links between the activated Wnt/β-catenin pathway and the mechanisms underlying vasculogenesis and angiogenesis through HIF-1α under normoxic conditions in gliomas...
August 19, 2017: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822217/using-a-novel-technology-for-disaster-staff-notification
#20
Stephen C Morris, Janice K Pelley, Steven H Mitchell
Notification of backup staff and determining their ability to augment frontline staff is a major component of any disaster plan. However, the communication and organization of this effort has many challenges. These include communication system overload, the disaster setting, disrupted transportation, and staffing impacts on normal operations. An optimal disaster notification system must have the ability to be modified to include all hazards and the unique environment in which the plan is being made. This article highlights a unique disaster staff notification system using a novel technology, an outside administrator, and a multilayer system of redundant communication...
January 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
keyword
keyword
42760
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"