keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

jellyfish

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914077/making-fluorescent-streptococci-and-enterococci-for-live-imaging
#1
Sarah Shabayek, Barbara Spellerberg
Since the discovery of the green fluorescent protein (GFP) from the jellyfish Aequorea victoria, outstanding fluorescent labeling tools with numerous applications in vastly different areas of life sciences have been developed. To optimize GFP for diverse life science applications, a large variety of GFP derivatives with different environmental characteristics have been generated by mutagenesis. The enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) is a well-known GFP derivative with highly increased fluorescence intensity compared to the GFP wild-type molecule...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894263/erratum-to-a-new-transcriptome-and-transcriptome-profiling-of-adult-and-larval-tissue-in-the-box-jellyfish-alatina-alata-an-emerging-model-for-studying-venom-vision-and-sex
#2
Cheryl Lewis Ames, Joseph F Ryan, Alexandra E Bely, Paulyn Cartwright, Allen G Collins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890264/selective-suppression-of-in-situ-proliferation-of-scyphozoan-polyps-by-biofouling
#3
Song Feng, Shi-Wei Wang, Guang-Tao Zhang, Song Sun, Fang Zhang
An increase in marine artificial constructions has been proposed as a major cause of jellyfish blooms, because these constructions provide additional substrates for organisms at the benthic stage (polyps), which proliferate asexually and release a large amount of free-swimming medusae. These hard surfaces are normally covered by fouling communities, the components of which have the potential to impede the proliferation of polyps. In this study, we report an in situ experiment of polyp survival of four large scyphozoan species found in East Asian marginal seas that were exposed to biofouling, a universal phenomenon occurring on marine artificial constructions...
November 24, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881808/jellyfish-like-accessory-mitral-valve-tissue-causing-near-collapse-in-a-young-child
#4
Hideyuki Kato, Carolina Escudero, Elizabeth Sherwin, Martin Hosking, Sanjiv K Gandhi
Accessory mitral valve tissue (AMVT) causing left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) is rare. We report a case of AMVT causing severe LVOTO resulting in acutely progressive symptoms of near-collapse. Urgent surgical resection eliminated the patient's life-threatening symptoms. AMVT should be considered among potential LVOTO diagnoses, and early surgical intervention may be required.
November 23, 2016: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880678/evidence-for-an-alternative-mechanism-of-toxin-production-in-the-box-jellyfish-alatina-alata
#5
Cheryl Lewis Ames, Jason Macrander
Cubozoans (box jellyfish) have a reputation as the most venomous animals on the planet. Herein, we provide a review of cubozoan prey capture and digestion informed by the scientific literature. Like all cnidarians, box jellyfish envenomation originates from structures secreted within nematocyte post-Golgi vesicles called nematocysts. When tentacles come in contact with prey or would-be predators, a cocktail of toxins is rapidly deployed from nematocysts via a long spiny tubule that serves to immobilize the target organism...
November 2016: Integrative and Comparative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878085/stable-isotope-based-trophic-structure-of-pelagic-fish-and-jellyfish-across-natural-and-anthropogenic-landscape-gradients-in-a-fjord-estuary
#6
Sean M Naman, Correigh M Greene, Casimir A Rice, Joshua Chamberlin, Letitia Conway-Cranos, Jeffery R Cordell, Jason E Hall, Linda D Rhodes
Identifying causes of structural ecosystem shifts often requires understanding trophic structure, an important determinant of energy flow in ecological communities. In coastal pelagic ecosystems worldwide, increasing jellyfish (Cnidaria and Ctenophora) at the expense of small fish has been linked to anthropogenic alteration of basal trophic pathways. However, this hypothesis remains untested in part because baseline description of fish-jellyfish trophic dynamics, and the environmental features that influence them are lacking...
November 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872215/intramolecular-interactions-that-control-voltage-sensitivity-in-the-jshak1-potassium-channel-from-polyorchis-penicillatus
#7
Nazlee Sharmin, Warren J Gallin
Voltage-gated potassium ion (Kv) channel proteins respond to changes in membrane potential by changing the probability of K(+) flux through an ion-selective pore. Kv channels from different paralogous and orthologous families have widely varying V50 values. The voltage-sensing transmembrane helices (S4) of different channels contain 4-7 basic residues that are responsible for transducing changes in transmembrane potential into the energy required to shift the equilibrium between the open- and closed-channel conformations...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852126/traditional-chinese-medicine-food-therapy-and-hypertension-control-a-narrative-review-of-chinese-literature
#8
Ping Zou
Despite the lack of English literature about Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) food therapy, there is abundant Chinese literature about the application of food therapy for hypertension control. This paper summarizes basic concepts of TCM, the principles of food therapy and its application for hypertension control according to Chinese literature. In TCM, food is conceptualized according to both nutritional and functional aspects, and can be used to treat illnesses. Four principles of TCM food therapy including light eating, balancing the "hot" and "cold" nature of food, the harmony of the five flavors of food, and consistency between dietary intake and different health conditions, can be used to facilitate hypertension control...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845203/complete-mitochondrial-genome-and-evolutionary-analysis-of-turritopsis-dohrnii-the-immortal-jellyfish-with-a-reversible-life-cycle
#9
A A Lisenkova, A P Grigorenko, T V Tyazhelova, T V Andreeva, F E Gusev, A D Manakhov, A Yu Goltsov, S Piraino, M P Miglietta, E I Rogaev
Turritopsis dohrnii (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa, Hydroidolina, Anthoathecata) is the only known metazoan that is capable of reversing its life cycle via morph rejuvenation from the adult medusa stage to the juvenile polyp stage. Here, we present a complete mitochondrial (mt) genome sequence of T. dohrnii, which harbors genes for 13 proteins, two transfer RNAs, and two ribosomal RNAs. The T. dohrnii mt genome is characterized by typical features of species in the Hydroidolina subclass, such as a high A+T content (71...
November 11, 2016: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826020/biochemical-and-kinetic-evaluation-of-the-enzymatic-toxins-from-two-stinging-scyphozoans-nemopilema-nomurai-and-cyanea-nozakii
#10
Yang Yue, Huahua Yu, Rongfeng Li, Ronge Xing, Song Liu, Kecheng Li, Xueqin Wang, Xiaolin Chen, Pengcheng Li
Jellyfish envenomations are emerging as an important public health concern occurred worldwide. In China, the situation is getting worse with numerous people stung by jellyfish Nemopilema nomurai (N. nomurai) and Cyanea nozakii (C. nozakii) in the summer. However, the proteinaceous mixtures in nematocysts responsible for the symptoms of jellyfish stings were scarcely characterized and understood in view of enzymatic constituents and toxicity. In the present study, enzymatic properties of jellyfish N. nomurai and C...
November 4, 2016: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820907/box-jellyfish-alatina-alata-has-a-circumtropical-distribution
#11
Jonathan W Lawley, Cheryl Lewis Ames, Bastian Bentlage, Angel Yanagihara, Roger Goodwill, Ehsan Kayal, Kikiana Hurwitz, Allen G Collins
Species of the box jellyfish (Cubozoa) genus Alatina are notorious for their sting along the beaches of several localities of the Atlantic and Pacific. These species include Alatina alata on the Caribbean Island of Bonaire (the Netherlands), A. moseri in Hawaii, and A. mordens in Australia. Most cubozoans inhabit coastal waters, but Alatina is unusual in that specimens have also been collected in the open ocean at great depths. Alatina is notable in that populations form monthly aggregations for spermcast mating in conjunction with the lunar cycle...
October 2016: Biological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816720/multivacuolated-mucin-filled-cells-a-unique-cell-characteristic-of-plexiform-neurofibroma-a-report-of-11-cases
#12
Michael Michal, Dmitry V Kazakov, Ladislav Hadravský, Květoslava Michalová, Boris Rychlý, Michal Michal
The authors present 11 cases of plexiform neurofibroma (PN) that featured a very characteristic type of cell appearing as multivacuolated mucin-filled cells (MMFC). The 11 cases were obtained after reviewing 109 cases of PN. Six out of 10 patients showed clinical features of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). The size of PN ranged from 0.8 cm to 11.5 cm in the largest dimension. The lesions represented classical PN in all cases with myxoid, hypocellular stroma. The MMFC were found within the most myxoid tumorous nodules and were haphazardly located, typically featuring a variably sized, multivacuolated cytoplasm divided by a fine septa with a small polygonal nucleus on one side, which was often compressed or slightly indented by the cytoplasmic mucous substances...
November 2, 2016: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815048/electrophysiological-activity-of-a-neurotoxic-fraction-from-the-venom-of-box-jellyfish-carybdea-marsupialis
#13
Fernando Lazcano-Pérez, Rogelio O Arellano, Edith Garay, Roberto Arreguín-Espinosa, Judith Sánchez-Rodríguez
Carybdea marsupialis is a widely distributed box jellyfish found in the Mediterranean and in the tropical waters of the Caribbean Sea. Its venom is a complex mixture of biologically active compounds that are used to catch prey. In order to evaluate the activity of the neurotoxins in the venom, bioassays were carried out using the marine crab Ocypode quadrata. The proteins with neurotoxic effect were partially purified using low-pressure liquid chromatography techniques. Gel filtration (Sephadex G-50M) was used as the first step and the active fraction in crabs was passed through a QAE Sephadex A-25 column...
November 1, 2016: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812408/comparative-internal-anatomy-of-staurozoa-cnidaria-with-functional-and-evolutionary-inferences
#14
Lucília S Miranda, Allen G Collins, Yayoi M Hirano, Claudia E Mills, Antonio C Marques
Comparative efforts to understand the body plan evolution of stalked jellyfishes are scarce. Most characters, and particularly internal anatomy, have neither been explored for the class Staurozoa, nor broadly applied in its taxonomy and classification. Recently, a molecular phylogenetic hypothesis was derived for Staurozoa, allowing for the first broad histological comparative study of staurozoan taxa. This study uses comparative histology to describe the body plans of nine staurozoan species, inferring functional and evolutionary aspects of internal morphology based on the current phylogeny of Staurozoa...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806695/insights-into-the-innate-immunome-of-actiniarians-using-a-comparative-genomic-approach
#15
Chloé A van der Burg, Peter J Prentis, Joachim M Surm, Ana Pavasovic
BACKGROUND: Innate immune genes tend to be highly conserved in metazoans, even in early divergent lineages such as Cnidaria (jellyfish, corals, hydroids and sea anemones) and Porifera (sponges). However, constant and diverse selection pressures on the immune system have driven the expansion and diversification of different immune gene families in a lineage-specific manner. To investigate how the innate immune system has evolved in a subset of sea anemone species (Order: Actiniaria), we performed a comprehensive and comparative study using 10 newly sequenced transcriptomes, as well as three publically available transcriptomes, to identify the origins, expansions and contractions of candidate and novel immune gene families...
November 2, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798716/jellyfish-sign-for-intraoperative-identification-of-posterior-lenticonus
#16
Sri Ganesh, Sheetal Brar, Kritika Chopra
Posterior lenticonus is a rare progressive disease characterized by protrusion of posterior lens capsule along with lens cortex into the vitreous cavity. It may be associated with local thinning or absence of posterior lens capsule. It generally occurs sporadically, but familial cases have also been reported. If visually significant or if amblyopia is present, lens removal is indicated. Treatment consists of clear or cataractous lens extraction, optical correction along with prompt amblyopia therapy. In this case, we propose a "jellyfish sign" seen intraoperatively, which is referred to the characteristic movement of the posterior capsular cataractous material on injection of balanced salt solution in the capsular bag...
October 31, 2016: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782154/expression-of-varied-gfps-in-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-codon-optimization-yields-stronger-than-expected-expression-and-fluorescence-intensity
#17
Misato Kaishima, Jun Ishii, Toshihide Matsuno, Nobuo Fukuda, Akihiko Kondo
Green fluorescent protein (GFP), which was originally isolated from jellyfish, is a widely used tool in biological research, and homologs from other organisms are available. However, researchers must determine which GFP is the most suitable for a specific host. Here, we expressed GFPs from several sources in codon-optimized and non-codon-optimized forms in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which represents an ideal eukaryotic model. Surprisingly, codon-optimized mWasabi and mNeonGreen, which are typically the brightest GFPs, emitted less green fluorescence than did the other five codon-optimized GFPs tested in S...
October 26, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770113/jellyfish-stings-on-langkawi-island-malaysia
#18
M A Mohd Suan, W L Tan, S A Soelar, H P Cheng, M Osman
INTRODUCTION: Jellyfish stings are the most frequently reported marine animal envenomation worldwide. However, data on jellyfish sting from Malaysia remains obscure due to inadequate research. METHODS: We investigated the epidemiology, clinical features and treatment of patients presenting at the emergency department of Langkawi Hospital between January 2012 and December 2014. Secondary data on the nature of the incident, patient demographics, clinical presentation, and treatment were retrieved from the patients' medical records...
August 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749012/injury-trends-from-envenoming-in-australia-2000-2013
#19
Ronelle E Welton, David J Williams, Danny Liew
BACKGROUND: This study provides the first contemporary epidemiological insight into venomous injuries based on demographics and geography in Australia in the timeframe 2000-2013. METHODS: Analysis of national hospitalisation and mortality data to examine the incidence of injury and death due to envenoming in Australia. Rates were calculated using the intercensal population for all Australian age groups. RESULTS: Over the study period, deaths were due to an anaphylactic event (0...
October 17, 2016: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742170/the-effect-of-climate-change-on-skin-disease-in-north-america
#20
Benjamin H Kaffenberger, David Shetlar, Scott Norton, Misha Rosenbach
Global temperatures continue to rise, reaching new records almost every year this decade. Although the causes are debated, climate change is a reality. Consequences of climate change include melting of the arctic ice cap, rising of sea levels, changes in precipitation patterns, and increased severe weather events. This article updates dermatologists about the effects of climate change on the epidemiology and geographic ranges of selected skin diseases in North America. Although globalization, travel, and trade are also important to changing disease and vector patterns, climate change creates favorable habitats and expanded access to immunologically naïve hosts...
October 11, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
keyword
keyword
42751
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"