keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

PTMS

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521392/phosphorylation-and-acetylation-modifications-of-foxo3a-independently-or-synergistically
#1
Xianwang Wang, Shujuan Hu, Lei Liu
Forkhead box class O 3a (FOXO3a) is a transcription factor that has emerged as being a tumor suppressor and longevity factor. The precise regulation of FOXO3a transactivation of target genes is achieved via post-translational modifications (PTMs) and specific protein-protein interactions. The multiple types of PTMs that FOXO3a undergoes, including phosphorylation, acetylation, methylation and ubiquitination, serve important roles in directing its subcellular localization and transcription activity, which are central to the integration of insulin/growth factor signaling and oxidative/nutrient stress signaling...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505447/interrogating-the-roles-of-post-translational-modifications-of-non-histone-proteins
#2
Zakey Yusuf Buuh, Zhigang Lyu, Rongsheng E Wang
Post-translational modifications (PTMs) allot versatility to the biological functions of highly conserved proteins. Recently, modifications to non-histone proteins such as methylation, acetylation, phosphorylation, glycosylation, ubiquitination, and many more have been linked to the regulation of pivotal pathways related to cellular response and stability. Due to the roles these dynamic modifications assume, their dysregulation has been associated with cancer and many other important diseases such as inflammatory disorders and neurodegenerative diseases...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493947/post-translational-modifications-of-fda-approved-plasma-biomarkers-in-glioblastoma-samples
#3
Natalia A Petushkova, Victor G Zgoda, Mikhail A Pyatnitskiy, Olesya V Larina, Nadezhda B Teryaeva, Alexander A Potapov, Andrey V Lisitsa
Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry was used to analyze plasma proteins of volunteers (control) and patients with glioblastoma multiform (GBM). A database search was pre-set with a variable post-translational modification (PTM): phosphorylation, acetylation or ubiquitination. There were no significant differences between the control and the GBM groups regarding the number of protein identifications, sequence coverage or number of PTMs. However, in GBM plasma, we unambiguously observed a decreased fraction in post-translationally modified peptides identified with high quality...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493134/glycosylation-analysis-of-therapeutic-glycoproteins-produced-in-cho-cells
#4
Sara Carillo, Stefan Mittermayr, Amy Farrell, Simone Albrecht, Jonathan Bones
In the last decades, the number of approved therapeutic proteins drugs is increasing exponentially and a large number of new therapeutic entities are progressing through clinical trials, solidifying biologics as the most promising class of pharmaceuticals on the market. Several cell lines are available for biopharmaceutical processes but mammalian cells are preferred since they give fewer problems for immunogenicity as they produce human-like post-translational modifications (PTMs). Glycosylation is the most common and complex (for both bioprocess engineering and quality control) of these modifications...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489571/analysis-of-stat3-post-translational-modifications-ptms-in-human-prostate-cancer-with-different-gleason-scores
#5
Rossana Cocchiola, Donatella Romaniello, Caterina Grillo, Fabio Altieri, Marcello Liberti, Fabio Massimo Magliocca, Silvia Chichiarelli, Ilaria Marrocco, Giuseppe Borgoni, Giacomo Perugia, Margherita Eufemi
Prostate Cancer (PCa) is a complex and heterogeneous disease. The androgen receptor (AR) and the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) could be effective targets for PCa therapy. STAT3, a cytoplasmatic latent transcription factor, is a hub protein for several oncogenic signalling pathways and up-regulates the expression of numerous genes involved in tumor cell proliferation, angiogenesis, metastasis and cell survival. STAT3 activity can be modulated by several Post-Translational Modifications (PTMs) which reflect particular cell conditions and may be implicated in PCa development and progression...
April 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487982/post-translational-modifications-and-their-applications-in-eye-research-review
#6
Bing-Jie Chen, Thomas Chuen Lam, Long-Qian Liu, Chi-Ho To
Gene expression is the process by which genetic information is used for the synthesis of a functional gene product, and ultimately regulates cell function. The increase of biological complexity from genome to proteome is vast, and the post-translational modification (PTM) of proteins contribute to this complexity. The study of protein expression and PTMs has attracted attention in the post‑genomic era. Due to the limited capability of conventional biochemical techniques in the past, large‑scale PTM studies were technically challenging...
June 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487126/o-glcnac-modification-inhibits-the-calpain-mediated-cleavage-of-%C3%AE-synuclein
#7
Paul M Levine, Cesar A De Leon, Ana Galesic, Aaron Balana, Nicholas P Marotta, Yuka E Lewis, Matthew R Pratt
The major protein associated with Parkinson's disease (PD) is α-synuclein, as it can form toxic amyloid-aggregates that are a hallmark of many neurodegenerative diseases. α-Synuclein is a substrate for several different posttranslational modifications (PTMs) that have the potential to affect its biological functions and/or aggregation. However, the biophysical effects of many of these modifications remain to be established. One such modification is the addition of the monosaccharide N-acetyl-glucosamine, O-GlcNAc, which has been found on several α-synuclein serine and threonine residues in vivo...
April 29, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486547/hat2-mediates-histone-h4k4-acetylation-and-affects-micrococcal-nuclease-sensitivity-of-chromatin-in-leishmania-donovani
#8
Pravin K Jha, Mohd Imran Khan, Anshul Mishra, Pradeep Das, Kislay K Sinha
Histone post-translational modifications (PTMs) such as acetylation and methylation are known to affect chromatin higher order structures. Primary targets of these modifications include basic residues present at N-terminus tail region of core histones. Four histone acetyltransferase (HAT) genes have been identified in trypanosomatids. HAT1, HAT3 and HAT4 of Leishmania donovani have been partially characterized. However, there is no report about HAT2 of Leishmania donovani. Lysine residues present on the N-terminal tail of Leishmania donovani histone H4 are conserved in other trypanosomatids and humans...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483566/pssm-suc-accurately-predicting-succinylation-using-position-specific-scoring-matrix-into-bigram-for-feature-extraction
#9
Abdollah Dehzangi, Yosvany López, Sunil Pranit Lal, Ghazaleh Taherzadeh, Jacob Michaelson, Abdul Sattar, Tatsuhiko Tsunoda, Alok Sharma
Post-Transcriptional Modification (PTM) is a process which contributes to diversify the proteome. Despite many recently reported PTMs with essential roles in the cellular functioning, lysine succinylation has emerged as a subject of particular interest. The experimental identification of succinylated lysines remains a costly and time-consuming process. As a result, computational predictors have been proposed recently for tackling this important issue. However, the performance of predictors is still very limited...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481731/posttranslational-modifications-in-spermatozoa-and-effects-on-male-fertility-and-sperm-viability
#10
Rahim Dad Brohi, Li-Jun Huo
Spermatogenesis is a complex and highly regulated process. The ability of spermatozoa to perform its function depends on multiple physiological and genetic factors that are not fully understood. Notably, due to lack of transcriptional and translational activity in spermatozoa, posttranslational modifications (PTMs) play key roles in determining their viability. PTMs not only confer structural changes in the proteome of the spermatozoa cells, but also increase the diversity of the proteome and introduce specific modifications that could be translated into functional changes in the affected spermatozoa...
May 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474569/the-involvement-of-post-translational-modifications-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#11
S Marcelli, Massimo Corbo, Filomena Iannuzzi, Lucia Negri, Fabio Blandini, Robert Nisticò, M Feligioni
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder recognized as the most common cause of chronic dementia among the ageing population. AD is histopathologically characterized by progressive loss of neurons and deposits of insoluble proteins, primarily composed of amyloid-β pelaques and neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs). Several molecular processes contribute to the formation of AD cellular hallmarks. Among them, post-translational modifications (PTMs) represent an attractive mechanism underlying the formation of covalent bonds between chemical groups/peptides to target proteins, which ultimately result modified in their function...
May 4, 2017: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464451/quantitative-phosphoproteome-analysis-of-cisplatin-induced-apoptosis-in-jurkat-t-cells
#12
The Trung Tran, Margarita Strozynski, Bernd Thiede
Protein phosphorylation is one of the most important posttranslational modifications (PTMs) due to its vital role in cellular functions and signaling pathways. Protein phosphorylation is also known to be involved in the regulation of apoptosis. Previously, we have performed a SILAC-based analysis of tyrosine phosphorylated peptides of cisplatin-induced apoptotic Jurkat T cells. Here, we analyzed the global phosphorylation profile by enrichment of serine/threonine/tyrosine phosphorylated peptides using TiO2 beads...
May 2, 2017: Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459814/co-occurring-protein-phosphorylation-are-functionally-associated
#13
Ying Li, Xueya Zhou, Zichao Zhai, Tingting Li
Post-translational modifications (PTMs) add a further layer of complexity to the proteome and regulate a wide range of cellular protein functions. With the increasing number of known PTM sites, it becomes imperative to understand their functional interplays. In this study, we proposed a novel analytical strategy to explore functional relationships between PTM sites by testing their tendency to be modified together (co-occurrence) under the same condition, and applied it to proteome-wide human phosphorylation data collected under 88 different laboratory or physiological conditions...
May 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459554/genetically-encoded-photoaffinity-histone-marks
#14
Xiao Xie, Xiao-Meng Li, Fangfei Qin, Jianwei Lin, Gong Zhang, Jingyi Zhao, Xiucong Bao, Rongfeng Zhu, Haiping Song, Xiang David Li, Peng R Chen
Posttranslational modifications (PTMs) of lysine are crucial histone marks that regulate diverse biological processes. The functional roles and regulation mechanism of many newly identified lysine PTMs, however, remain yet to be understood. Here we report a photoaffinity crotonyl lysine (Kcr) analogue that can be genetically and site-specifically incorporated into histone proteins. This, in conjunction with the genetically encoded photo-lysine as a "control probe", enables the capture and identification of enzymatic machinery and/or effector proteins for histone lysine crotonylation...
May 8, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459537/comparison-of-the-deacylase-and-deacetylase-activity-of-zinc-dependent-hdacs
#15
Jesse J McClure, Elizabeth S Inks, Cheng Zhang, Yuri K Peterson, Jiaying Li, Kalyan Chundru, Bradley Lee, Ashley Buchanan, Shiqin Miao, C James Chou
The acetylation status of lysine residues on histone proteins has long been attributed to a balance struck between the catalytic activity of histone acetyl transferases and histone deacetylases (HDAC). HDACs were identified as the sole removers of acetyl post-translational modifications (PTM) of histone lysine residues. Studies into the biological role of HDACs have also elucidated their role as removers of acetyl PTMs from lysine residues of nonhistone proteins. These findings, coupled with high-resolution mass spectrometry studies that revealed the presence of acyl-group PTMs on lysine residues of nonhistone proteins, brought forth the possibility of HDACs acting as removers of both acyl- and acetyl-based PTMs...
May 4, 2017: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458782/protein-post-translational-modifications-in-silico-prediction-tools-and-molecular-modeling
#16
REVIEW
Martina Audagnotto, Matteo Dal Peraro
Post-translational modifications (PTMs) occur in almost all proteins and play an important role in numerous biological processes by significantly affecting proteins' structure and dynamics. Several computational approaches have been developed to study PTMs (e.g., phosphorylation, sumoylation or palmitoylation) showing the importance of these techniques in predicting modified sites that can be further investigated with experimental approaches. In this review, we summarize some of the available online platforms and their contribution in the study of PTMs...
2017: Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451587/the-interplay-of-cofactor-interactions-and-post-translational-modifications-in-the-regulation-of-the-aaa-atpase-p97
#17
REVIEW
Petra Hänzelmann, Hermann Schindelin
The hexameric type II AAA ATPase (ATPase associated with various activities) p97 (also referred to as VCP, Cdc48, and Ter94) is critically involved in a variety of cellular activities including pathways such as DNA replication and repair which both involve chromatin remodeling, and is a key player in various protein quality control pathways mediated by the ubiquitin proteasome system as well as autophagy. Correspondingly, p97 has been linked to various pathophysiological states including cancer, neurodegeneration, and premature aging...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451290/activation-and-characterization-of-a-cryptic-gene-cluster-reveals-a-cyclization-cascade-for-polycyclic-tetramate-macrolactams
#18
Subhasish Saha, Wenjun Zhang, Guangtao Zhang, Yiguang Zhu, Yuchan Chen, Wei Liu, Chengshan Yuan, Qingbo Zhang, Haibo Zhang, Liping Zhang, Weimin Zhang, Changsheng Zhang
Polycyclic tetramate macrolactams (PTMs) are a growing class of natural products and are derived from a hybrid polyketide synthase (PKS)/non-ribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS) pathway. PTM biosynthetic gene clusters are conserved and widely distributed in bacteria, however, most of them remain silent. Herein we report the activation of a PTM gene cluster in marine-derived Streptomyces pactum SCSIO 02999 by promoter engineering and heterologous expression, leading to the discovery of six new PTMs, pactamides A-F (11-16), with potent cytotoxic activity upon several human cancer cell lines...
February 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451282/fluorogenic-sensor-platform-for-the-histone-code-using-receptors-from-dynamic-combinatorial-libraries
#19
Brendan C Peacor, Christopher M Ramsay, Marcey L Waters
Post-translational modifications (PTMs) on histone tails act in diverse combinations in the 'histone code' to control gene expression, with dysregulation observed in a variety of diseases. However, detection and sensing methods are limited, expensive, and/or low-throughput, including MS and antibody based detection. We found that by combining four synthetic receptors developed by dynamic combinatorial chemistry (DCC) in an indicator displacement system, we are able to create a pattern-based sensor platform that can discriminate single PTMs such as methylation and acetylation on a representative histone peptide with 100% accuracy as well as peptides bearing both dimethyl and trimethyl lysine in the presence of arginine methylation, which has not previously been demonstrated, and can even correctly distinguish the position of lysine methylation individually or in the presence of other PTMs...
February 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450421/the-landscape-of-histone-modifications-in-a-high-fat-diet-induced-obese-dio-mouse-model
#20
Litong Nie, Lin Shuai, Mingrui Zhu, Ping Liu, Zhi-Fu Xie, Shangwen Jiang, Hao-Wen Jiang, Jia Li, Yingming Zhao, Jing-Ya Li, Minjia Tan
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a major chronic healthcare concern worldwide. Emerging evidence suggests that a histone-modification-mediated epigenetic mechanism underlies T2D. Nevertheless, the dynamics of histone marks in T2D have not yet been carefully analyzed. Using a mass spectrometry-based label-free and chemical stable isotope labeling quantitative proteomic approach, we systematically profiled liver histone post-translational modifications (PTMs) in a prediabetic high-fat-diet-induced obese (DIO) mouse model...
April 27, 2017: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
keyword
keyword
42746
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"