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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876217/spontaneous-pneumothorax-complicating-miliary-tuberculosis
#1
Kuo-Hsuan Lin, I-Ting Tsai, Po-Jen Yang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 18, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846812/predictors-of-hospitalization-of-tuberculosis-patients-in-montreal-canada-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Lisa A Ronald, J Mark FitzGerald, Andrea Benedetti, Jean-François Boivin, Kevin Schwartzman, Gillian Bartlett-Esquilant, Dick Menzies
BACKGROUND: Hospitalization is the most costly health system component of tuberculosis (TB) control programs. Our objectives were to identify how frequently patients are hospitalized, and the factors associated with hospitalizations and length-of-stay (LOS) of TB patients in a large Canadian city. METHODS: We extracted data from the Montreal TB Resource database, a retrospective cohort of all active TB cases reported to the Montreal Public Health Department between January 1996 and May 2007...
November 15, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807020/miliary-tuberculosis-in-an-immunocompetent-male-with-a-fatal-outcome
#3
Louise Dunphy, Elizabeth Keating, T Parke
A man aged 33 years, born in Nepal, but resident in the UK for 7 years presented to the emergency department with a 4-day history of general malaise, fever (temperature 38.6°C) and a non-productive cough. His medical history was unremarkable and no high-risk behaviour was identified. Clinical examination confirmed decreased air entry bilaterally with bibasal crackles. He was tachycardic, with a heart rate of 120 bpm. Further investigation with a 12-lead ECG confirmed supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) which was terminated with vagal manoeuvres...
November 2, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803421/tuberculous-fasciitis-in-polymyositis-a-rare-case-of-extrapulmonary-tuberculosis
#4
Ikue Nagayama, Katsuyuki Nagatoya, Yu Kurahara, Akira Mega, Masashi Morita, Ryota Haga, Yu Yamanouchi, Yoshito Yamaguchi, Tatsufumi Oka, Atsushi Yamauchi
A 71-year-old woman with polymyositis presenting with left thigh pain and an intermittent fever was admitted to Osaka Rosai Hospital. We initially diagnosed that her pain and fever were caused by a soft tissue infection because her polymyositis was controlled. She did not respond to various antibiotic therapies. Chest computed tomography demonstrated miliary tuberculosis (TB). Ziehl-Neelsen staining of liver biopsy specimens revealed epithelioid cell granuloma and acid-fast bacilli. Therefore, we finally diagnosed the lesion as TB fasciitis that improved with anti-TB drug therapy...
2016: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802849/miliary-tuberculosis-and-acquired-immunodeficiency-syndrome-a-cursed-duet
#5
Atif Tatari, Sahana Ramanujam, Suja Mathai, Nigahus Karabulut, Robert L Moser, Sara L Wallach
Tuberculous osteomyelitis is rare and usually involves the vertebrae but is seldom found in the foot. The uncommon site and ability to mimic other disorders clinically and radiographically leads to diagnostic and therapeutic delays. We report a case of a 40-year-old man who initially presented to his podiatrist with intermittent pain and swelling of his right ankle and foot that lasted for a year. He also started to exhibit significant weight loss and unexplained fevers and was subsequently hospitalized for cellulitis of his right foot...
2016: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800112/-pulmonary-tuberculosis-among-hospitalized-patients-in-brazzaville-impact-of-late-diagnosis-of-hiv-infection-on-radiographic-abnormalities
#6
Esthel Lee Presley Bemba, Régis Gothard Bopaka, Régis Moyikoua, Rolland Ossibi-Ibara, Norela Bibiane Ebenga-Somboko, Syn Nerval Toungou, Paunel God'hervé Matondot, Boris Kevin Ossale-Abacka, Franck Hardain Okemba-Okombi, Joseph Mboussa
The aim was to describing the different radiographic features of pulmonary tuberculosis according to the degree of immunosuppression in HIV patients. We report a retrospective study of 80 untreated HIV-positive patients with pulmonary tuberculosis hospitalized in the Pneumo-Phthisiology Department in Brazzaville from January 2013 to January 2014. Our sample consisted of 44 women (55%) and 36 men (45%), the sex ratio was 0.81. The average age was 37.5 ± 9.17 years, the average CD4 count was 153.13 ± 86,6 cell/mm3...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740736/paediatric-tuberculosis-cases-increased-in-stockholm-from-1971-to-2015-following-the-rising-number-of-children-with-immigrant-backgrounds
#7
Rutger Bennet, Margareta Eriksson
AIM: This study described the epidemiology and clinical features of childhood tuberculosis (TB) in Stockholm over a 45-year period, when there was a resurge of tuberculosis concomitant with increased immigration. METHODS: We describe 220 children up to the age of 16 years with active TB, seen at the Astrid Lindgren Children's Hospital from 1971 to 2015. The study period was divided into three 15-year periods. RESULTS: Cases increased from ten children in 1971-1985 to 76 in 1986-2000 and 134 in 2001-2015, with overall incidence increasing from <1 to four per 100 000...
December 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728633/miliary-tuberculosis-with-hypereosinophilia
#8
Bharathkanth Reddy M
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728397/infective-endocarditis-and-miliary-tuberculosis
#9
Kanishka Jain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708968/a-case-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-with-multiple-nodules-in-the-bilateral-lungs-and-vertebrae
#10
Takuma Tsuzuki Wada, Kojiro Sato, Toshihide Mimura
We encountered a case of a middle-aged woman with systemic lupus erythematosus. As the patient had progressive peripheral neuropathy including foot drop, we intended to treat her with intensive immunosuppressive therapy as soon as possible. Pretreatment assessment, however, revealed multiple nodular lesions in the lungs and bones, suggesting disseminated tumor metastasis or miliary tuberculosis. To our surprise, gallium and bone scintigraphy as well as cytodiagnosis revealed no sign of malignancy or infection, leading us to suspect the presence of another multisystem disorder...
March 2016: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699578/re-initiation-of-biologics-after-the-development-of-tuberculosis-under-anti-tnf-therapy
#11
Yesim Ozguler, Gulen Hatemi, Serdal Ugurlu, Emire Seyahi, Melike Melikoglu, Sermin Borekci, Ersan Atahan, Gul Ongen, Vedat Hamuryudan
The use of anti-TNF agents is associated with an increased risk of tuberculosis (TB) and anti-TNF agents are stopped when active TB develops. However, discontinuation of treatment can result in flare of the underlying disease. The charts of 22 patients who developed active TB among a cohort of 2754 patients using anti-TNF agents between 2001 and 2013 were reviewed retrospectively. Patients restarting biologics during further follow-up were identified. One patient with miliary TB died within 1 month. A biologic agent was restarted in 16 of the remaining 21 patients (76 %)...
December 2016: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665733/pd-1-t-cells-inhibit-effector-t-cells-at-the-pathologic-site-of-miliary-tuberculosis
#12
Amar Singh, Anant Mohan, Aprajit B Dey, Dipendra K Mitra
BACKGROUND: Optimal T cell activation is vital for the successful resolution of microbial infections. Programmed death-1 (PD-1) is key immune checkpoint receptor expressed by activated T cells. Aberrant/excessive inhibition mediated by PD-1 may impair host immunity to M. tuberculosis infection, leading to disseminated disease like miliary tuberculosis (MTB). PD-1 mediated inhibition of T cells in pulmonary tuberculosis and TB pleurisy is reported. However, their role in MTB, particularly at the pathologic sites remains to be addressed...
September 26, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635384/splenic-tuberculosis-in-a-patient-with-newly-diagnosed-advanced-hiv-infection
#13
B Tiri, L M Saraca, E Luciano, F R Burkert, S Cappanera, E Cenci, D Francisci
The extra-pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) constitutes to about 20% of all TB cases. Among extra-pulmonary form, splenic TB is very rare clinical condition especially as initial manifestation in a developed country. Diagnosis of splenic TB is challenging because it presents no specific symptoms or typical imaging findings and microbiological confirmation is not straight forward. We describe the case of a 55 year old Italian female with advanced HIV infection whose first AIDS clinical manifestation was a TB splenic abscess...
2016: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595021/tuberculosis-as-an-etiological-factor-in-liver-abscess-in-adults
#14
Jaideep Dey, Hitender Gautam, Shwetha Venugopal, Chhavi Porwal, Bijay Ranjan Mirdha, Naresh Gupta, Urvashi B Singh
Background. Tuberculosis of the liver without active pulmonary or miliary tuberculosis is considered as an uncommon diagnosis. The aim of the present study was to determine the etiological role of tuberculosis in adult patients presenting with features of liver abscess. Methods. A total of 40 patients with liver abscess were included in the study. The liver abscess aspirate was subjected to microscopy, culture, and polymerase chain reaction to determine the role of tuberculosis as an etiological factor in liver abscess...
2016: Tuberculosis Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580246/interferon-gamma-release-assay-result-is-associated-with-disease-site-and-death-in-active-tuberculosis
#15
Sara C Auld, Scott H Lee, Eleanor S Click, Roque Miramontes, Cheryl L Day, Neel R Gandhi, Charles M Heilig
RATIONALE: The interferon gamma release assays and tuberculin skin tests are used to support the diagnosis of both latent and active tuberculosis. However, we previously demonstrated that a negative tuberculin test in active tuberculosis is associated with disseminated disease and death. It is unknown whether the same associations exist for interferon gamma release assays. OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between these tests and site of tuberculosis and death among persons with active tuberculosis...
August 31, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553460/cardiac-implantable-electronic-device-infection-due-to-mycobacterium-species-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Bandar Al-Ghamdi, Hassan El Widaa, Maie Al Shahid, Mohammed Aladmawi, Jawaher Alotaibi, Aly Al Sanei, Magid Halim
BACKGROUND: Infection of cardiac implantable electronic devices is a serious cardiovascular disease and it is associated with a high mortality. Mycobacterium species may rarely cause cardiac implantable electronic devices infection. CASE PRESENTATION: We are reporting a case of miliary tuberculosis in an Arab patient with dilated cardiomyopathy and a cardiac resynchronization therapy-defibrillator device that was complicated with infection of his cardiac resynchronization therapy-defibrillator device...
2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544714/paradoxical-reaction-in-immunocompetent-children-with-tuberculosis
#17
Begoña Carazo Gallego, David Moreno-Pérez, Esmeralda Nuñez Cuadros, Alba Mesa Fernandez, María Martin Cantero, Pablo Obando Pacheco, Antonio Urda Cardona
BACKGROUND: A paradoxical reaction (PR) during anti-tuberculosis treatment is a phenomenon that is poorly studied in immunocompetent children. It is defined as a clinical or radiological worsening of pre-existing tuberculosis (TB) disease. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study of children younger than 14 years of age was performed; these children developed PR during the years 2009 to 2014, following a diagnosis of TB. Demographic characteristics, microbiological results, treatment and outcome data were collected...
August 17, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530022/-tuberculosis-annual-report-2014-2-tuberculosis-in-pediatric-and-elderly-patients
#18
(no author information available yet)
In 2014, 49 pediatric tuberculosis (TB) patients aged 0-14 years were newly notified in Japan, with a notification rate of 0.30 per 100,000 population. Since 2006, the number of pediatric TB patients notified each year has been less than 100. Of the 49 patients, 17 (34.7%) were aged 0-4 years, 15 (30.6%) were 5-9 years, and 17 (34.7%) were 10-14 years. Until recently, the proportion of those aged 0-4 years was higher than those aged 10-14 years, but this year the proportions have become equal. Of these 49, five had meningeal TB and two had miliary TB...
April 2016: Kekkaku: [Tuberculosis]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525395/-investigation-of-mycobacterium-bovis-subsp-bovis-among-the-strains-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-complex-isolated-in-d%C3%A3-zce-province-turkey
#19
Cihadiye Elif Öztürk, İdris Şahin, Şükrü Öksüz, Nida Kılıç, Özge Kılınçel, Leyla Aydın, Dursun Atik, Emine Afşin
Throughout the history of mankind, tuberculosis (TB) has caused serious illness and still continues to do so. Archaeobiological studies indicated that TB in humans dates back to 4000-8000 BC, and cases were shown to be due to Mycobacterium bovis subsp.bovis rather than Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Moreover, this situation was thought to begin with domestication of animals, consumption of their milk, and living together in the same environment with them. Over time, with the consumption of boiled milk and with the establishment of separate animal shelters, M...
July 2016: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27518438/a-systematic-review-of-the-prevalence-and-pattern-of-imaging-defined-post-tb-lung-disease
#20
Jamilah Meghji, Hope Simpson, S Bertel Squire, Kevin Mortimer
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis is an important risk factor for chronic respiratory disease in resource poor settings. The persistence of abnormal spirometry and symptoms after treatment are well described, but the structural abnormalities underlying these changes remain poorly defined, limiting our ability to phenotype post-TB lung disease in to meaningful categories for clinical management, prognostication, and ongoing research. The relationship between post-TB lung damage and patient-centred outcomes including functional impairment, respiratory symptoms, and health related quality of life also remains unclear...
2016: PloS One
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