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Pulmonary hypertention

Mengxi Li, Jiaze Shu, Wenju Lu, Nanshan Zhong, Jian Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2014: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
Ioannis Angomachalelis, George Kyriazis, Nestor Angomachalelis
DVT/PE/Pulmonary HypertensionSESSION TYPE: Original Investigation SlidePRESENTED ON: Wednesday, October 29, 2014 at 07:30 AM - 08:30 AMPURPOSE: The study aims to investigate unknown pathophysiology of myocardial interstitial dissarray arising from Metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) activity in Pulmonary Hypertention (PH) dyspnea patients (Pts),all statistically correlated with serum Procalcitonine (PCT) levels and other Biomarkers.METHODS: 55 PH dyspnea Pts,34 males and 21 females (mean age 68±14 years) and 33,matched control,normal individuals,were submitted to 1)Serum evaluation of PCT, MMP-2,Troponin-I (Tr-I), Erythropoietin (EPOS) and NT-ProBNP...
October 1, 2014: Chest
Taichi Kondo, Joji Hoshino, Yasuhisa Fukada, Masanori Hirota, Yu Takahashi, Tadashi Isomura
We report a case of a 60-year-old man with postoperative congestive heart failure( CHF) successfully treated with tolvaptan. The patient was diagnosed with pulmonary hypertension due to mitral stenosis and regurgitation combined with tricuspid regurgitation. He underwent mitral and tricuspid valvuloplasty. His postoperative course was uneventful until CHF symptoms secondary to volume overload appeared on the 4th day. Congestion with pulmonary hypertension was treated with 0.042 μg/kg/min of intravenous human atrial natriuretic peptide (hANP)...
February 2014: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
Ramin Mehrdad, Farid Movasatian, Akram Sadat Momenzadeh
Firefighting is extremely strenuous and physically demanding work and involves ability to cope with emergency life-or-death situations. Because of the high physical demands of firefighting, successful job performance and minimizing of morbidity and mortality depends on fitness for duty. The firefighting department of Tehran does not perform periodic medical assessment for firefighters. The aim of this study was to evaluate medical fitness among firefighters in Tehran. In this cross sectional study we examined 147 firefighters...
2013: Acta Medica Iranica
Ferhat Çekmez, Tarık Purtuloğlu, Gokhan Aydemir, Secil Aydinoz, Kürşat Fidancı, Abdülbaki Karaoğlu, Oğuzhan Babacan, Fuat Emre Canpolat, Merih Cetinkaya, Turan Tunc, Selami Süleymanoglu
OBJECTIVE: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a common and devastating gastrointestinal condition of neonatal infants. The pathophysiology of NEC remains poorly understood. We tried to evaluate the effectiveness of inhaled NO compared to L-arginine usage in necrotizing enterocolitis model in rats. MATERIAL-METHODS: 46 newborn pups from 4 time-mated Sprague-Dawley pregnant rats were divided equally into 4 groups as follows: NEC (subjected to NEC), NEC + L-arginine, NEC + inhaled NO and control...
December 2012: Pediatric Surgery International
Hua Liu, Tao-Tao Huang, Jian-Hua Lin
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women with heart disease are at high risk. Studies of risk factors of these patients are of great significance to improve maternal and fetal outcomes. In this paper, we try to discuss the main risk factors of cardiac events in pregnant women with heart disease and to establish a risk assessment system. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was carried out for pregnancies in 1741 women with heart disease who delivered in Shanghai Obstetrical Cardiology Intensive Care Center between January 1993 and September 2010...
October 2012: Chinese Medical Journal
Tamaki Takano, Jun Amano
Cardiac tumors are rare, and 3-quarters of these tumors are benign and nearly half of the benign tumors are myxomas. Metastases to the heart are more common than primary cardiac tumors. Cardiac tumors present obstructive, constitutional and embolic signs and symptoms. Echocardiograms, chest computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan are very useful for diagnosis. Surgery is indicated in patients with benign tumor, and chemo/radio-therapy in patients with malignant tumors. Prognosis after surgery is good, instead poor prognosis for patients with malignancy...
July 2011: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
Zhuang Tian, Yong-Tai Liu, Quan Fang, Chao Ni, Tai-Bo Chen, Li-Gang Fang, Peng Gao, Xiu-Chun Jiang, Meng-Tao Li, Xiao-Feng Zeng
BACKGROUND: Hemodynamic evaluation is crucial for the management of patients with pulmonary hypertention. Clinicians often prefer a rapid and non-invasive method. This study aimed to examine the feasibility of transthoracic echocardiography for the measurements of hemodynamic parameters in patients with pulmonary hypertension. METHODS: A prospective single-center study was conducted among 42 patients with pulmonary hypertension caused by different diseases. Transthoracic echocardiography and right-heart catheterization were performed within 24 hours...
June 2011: Chinese Medical Journal
Yo Ueda, Yuko Takahashi, Hiroyuki Yamashita, Hiroshi Kaneko, Akio Mimori
We report a 43-year-old female who developed pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) during intensive immunosuppressive therapy for systematic lupus erythematosus (SLE). She was diagnosed as SLE at the age of 32 years based on serological and hematological abnormalities, oral ulcers, and facial erythema. She experienced frequent flare-ups of disseminated discoid lupus between the ages of 33 and 36 years and developed immune thrombocytopenia at the age of 39 years. In 2007 when she was 43 years old, she developed lupus nephritis (LN) with elevated serum anti-double stranded DNA antibodies and urine protein of less than 1 g/day...
2011: Nihon Rinshō Men'eki Gakkai Kaishi, Japanese Journal of Clinical Immunology
W J Randerath
Diagnosis and treatment of sleep related breathing disorders have become an essential challenge of internal medicine. They are highly important clinically because of the impairment of daytime performance, attention and concentration with elevated risk of accidents in workplace and traffic and because of their consequences on cardiovascular and metabolic disorders. The obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) has proven to be one of the most important risk factors for arteriosclerosis, especially in the cerebral vessels...
April 2011: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Xiao-Ying Huang, Liang-Xing Wang, Ming Li, Shao-Xian Chen, Zheng-Jie Xu, Qun-Ji Wang
AIM: To study the effect of chimonin on chronic hypoxia and hypercapnic pulmonary hypertension and to explore its mechanism. METHODS: SD rats were randomly divided into normal control group (A), hypoxic hypercapnic group(B), hypoxic hypercapnia + chimonin group (C). HO-1 and HO-1 mRNA was observed in pulmonary arterioles of rats by the technique of immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. RESULTS: (1) mPAP was significantly higher in rats of B group than that of A and C group...
February 2002: Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology
Mayuko Uehara, Yosuke Kuroda, Syunsuke Ohori, Toru Mawatari, Kiyofumi Morishita
Pulmonary trunk aneurysm is generally associated with congenital cardiac defects, pulmonary hypertension, or infection. Idiopathic pulmonary trunk aneurysm without any associated diseases is a rare lesion and has seldom been reported. Here, we report a case of a 68-year-old woman with idiopathic pulmonary trunk aneurysm. The maximum diameter of the aneurysm was 53 mm while she was 142 cm in height. We successfully performed aneurysmorrhaphy and her postoperative course was uneventful. Aneurysmorrhaphy was an effective technique for idiopathic pulmonary trunk aneurysm without pulmonary hypertention...
July 2010: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
Antoni Bruzgielewicz, Ewelina Sielska-Badurek, Ewa Osuch-Wójcikiewicz, Marta Grotthuss
INTRODUCTION: Tracheotomy is one of the most oldest operations in surgery. Percutaneous dilational tracheotomy has become increasingly popular as an alternative to standard tracheotomy over the last 30 years. It is particularly useful in patients who require prolonged mechanical ventilation, in the intensive care units. Percutaneous tracheotomy is a technique that can be performed at the bedside. It is cost effective, minimally invasive and can be done rapidly. CASE REPORT: We report a case of subglottic stenosis after percutaneous tracheotomy...
May 2009: Otolaryngologia Polska. the Polish Otolaryngology
Li Wei, Tong Liu, Bin Liu, Xian-Min Wang, Liang Zhao, Tong-Fu Zhou
OBJECTIVE: It has been shown that triptolide can attenuate pulmonary arterial hypertension in rats. This study was designed to investigate the therapeutic effect of triptolide on pulmonary hypertension in rats and possible mechanisms. METHODS: Sixty Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into 6 groups: normal control, model, continuous triptolide-treated, delayed triptolide-treated and two placebo groups for continuous and delayed fashions (n=10 each). The rats from the last 5 groups were injected with monocrotaline (MCT, 60 mg/kg) on day 7 after left pneumonectomy...
October 2007: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Makoto Takiguchi, M Yashima, T Takeuchi, S Adachi, H Goto, N Kuwabara, T Kuwahara
It is not uncommon that valve disease is complicated with Kawasaki disease (KD). However, it is rare to show normal coronary arteries simultaneously. We experienced a case of valvuloplasty towards the mitral regurgitation (MR) followed immediately after KD showing normal coronary arteries. A 3 year-old-female, with a diagnosis of KD at 4 months after birth, was referred to our hospital 5 months after birth. The echocardiography detected a moderate MR. The preoperative catheterization at 2.5 years old showed grade III MR, enlargement of left atrium and left ventricle, pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) = 12 mmHg, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) = 675, and normal coronary arteries...
September 2004: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
Asako Yoritaka, Miwa Sakai, Keiko Ohta, Shuji Kishida
A 57-year-old woman suffering from pleural and pericardial effusion, pulmonary hypertention, lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly, edema, hypertrichosis, small hemangioma and polyneuropathy was diagnosed as Crow-Fukase syndrome. Osteoctomy of the left second rib and irradiation of this rib and the left iliac bone were performed. Serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) level decreased to less than one-half the level before the operation (from 5,180 to 2,150 pg/ml). Immediately after the operation, pleural and pericardial effusions due to hyperpenetration improved, and polyneuropathy and hypertrichosis due to hypervasularity also gradually improved...
June 2004: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Cătălina Arsenescu, Doina Butcovan, M Rotar, G I Georgescu
It is presented the case of a fifty years old women, diagnosed 3 years ago with systemic lupus erythematosus, under therapy with prednisone and cyclophosphamid therapy. She was admitted in our hospital for right decompensated heart disease and the presence of an apical right ventricular mass occluding part of the right ventricular cavity. The endomyocardial biopsy was made to clearify the nature of this mass. After processing the specimen, the histological study evidenciated an organizing apical thrombotic mass formed in a large right ventricular cavity in conditions of pulmonary hypertention...
October 2002: Revista Medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti Din Iaş̧i
D Hammoudi-Triki, F Laraba-Djebari
Scorpion envenomation remains an important health problem in many countries in the world, especially in North Africa, Asia and America. In Algeria, the most dangerous species for humans are Androctonus australis hector (Aah) and Buthus occitanus tunetanus (Bot). These scorpions are responsible for the apparition of various symptoms in envenomed patients such as: pain, hypertention, hypotension, sudation and fever. An aggravation of clinical conditions of envenomed patients is characterized by a pulmonary cedema and myocardial damage...
November 2003: Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1960: American Journal of Veterinary Research
H Nakano, H Aizawa, H Inoue, S Takata, T Minami, N Hara, T Watanabe, K Sueishi
In March 1995, a 54-year-old woman was admitted to a hospital because of exertional dyspnea and her condition was diagnosed as primary pulmonary hypertension. In September 1996, respiratory difficulty and hemosputum were woted. The chest computed tomographic scan showed diffuse micronodular opacities, and she was admitted to our hospital for examination of other pulmonary conditions giving rise to pulmonary hypertention. However no lung biopsy could be performed, because the pulmonary arterial pressure was too high...
July 2001: Nihon Kokyūki Gakkai Zasshi, the Journal of the Japanese Respiratory Society
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