keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Scalp flaps

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913317/reconstruction-of-a-complex-scalp-defect-after-the-failure-of-free-flaps-changing-plans-and-strategy
#1
Youn Hwan Kim, Gyeong Hoe Kim, Sang Wha Kim
The ideal scalp reconstruction involves closure of the defect with similar hair-bearing local tissue in a single step. Various reconstructions can be used including primary closure, secondary healing, skin grafts, local flaps, and microvascular tissue transfer. A 53-year-old female patient suffered glioblastoma, which had recurred for the second time. The neurosurgeons performed radial debridement and an additional resection of the tumor, followed by reconstruction using a serratus anterior muscle flap with a split-thickness skin graft...
June 2017: Arch Craniofac Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913291/immediate-near-total-scalp-reconstruction-with-artificial-dermis-on-exposed-calvarium
#2
Sooyeon Park, Ki Taik Han, Min Cheol Kim, Jin Soo Lim
Scalp defect management is complicated secondary to reduced laxity in the scalp and forehead area. For reconstruction of larger defects with exposed bone and loss of the periosteal layer, free flap reconstruction is one option for single-stage surgery, although the procedure is lengthy and includes the possibility of flap loss. We successfully performed a single-stage reconstruction of a large scalp defect using a combination of artificial dermis, split-thickness skin graft, and full-thickness skin graft following wide excision of a cutaneous angiosarcoma, and present our method as one option for the treatment of large oncologic surgical defects in patients who are poor candidates for free flap surgery...
December 2016: Arch Craniofac Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911959/histological-changes-in-the-periosteum-following-subperiosteal-expansion-in-rabbit-scalp
#3
Mohamad Taghi Kiani, Nasrin Takzare, Ahad Khoshzaban, Elahe Jalilianfar, Leila Aghajanpour, Reza Tabrizi
PURPOSE: In intraoral bone grafting, tension-free coverage of the recipient site with periosteal flap results in optimal wound closure. Tissue expansion could be a suitable modality to obtain soft tissue in the oral cavity. The aim of this study was to assess the histology of the periosteum after subperiosteal expansion in the rabbit scalp. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this animal study, 6 rectangular tissue expanders were placed in the skulls of 6 male white New Zealand rabbits; in 6 control rabbits, an incision was made to the periosteum but no expansion was performed...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904684/anaesthetic-management-for-awake-craniotomy-in-brain-glioma-resection-initial-experience-in-military-hospital-mohamed-v-of-rabat
#4
Mohammed Meziane, Abdelghafour Elkoundi, Redouane Ahtil, Miloudi Guazaz, Bensghir Mustapha, Charki Haimeur
The awake brain surgery is an innovative approach in the treatment of tumors in the functional areas of the brain. There are various anesthetic techniques for awake craniotomy (AC), including asleep-awake-asleep technique, monitored anesthesia care, and the recent introduced awake-awake-awake method. We describe our first experience with anesthetic management for awake craniotomy, which was a combination of these techniques with scalp nerve block, and propofol/rémifentanil target controlled infusion. A 28-year-oldmale underwent an awake craniotomy for brain glioma resection...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852298/reconstructions-of-small-scalp-defects-with-step-flap
#5
Ali Ebrahimi, Nasrin Nejadsarvari, Azin Ebrahimi
INTRODUCTION: Defects of the scalp arise from several aetiologies including trauma, burn, injury, infection, radiation and surgical excision of tumours. Multiple options for reconstruction of scalp defects exist that included primary closure, skin grafts, local flaps, regional and distal free flaps. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective case-series study, which was carried out in the Department of Plastic Surgery of our Hospital. Step flap was used for small (2...
April 2017: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841593/repair-of-craniomaxillofacial-traumatic-soft-tissue-defects-with-tissue-expansion-in-the-early-stage
#6
Yan Han, Jianhui Zhao, Ran Tao, Lingli Guo, Hongyan Yang, Wei Zeng, Baoqiang Song, Wensen Xia
BACKGROUND: Craniomaxillofacial traumatic soft tissue defects severely affect the function and appearance of the patients. The traditional skin grafting or free flap transplantation can only close the defects in the early stage of operation but cannot ensure similar color, texture, and relative aesthetic contour. In the present study, the authors have explored a novel strategy to repair craniomaxillofacial traumatic soft tissue defects by tissue expansion in the early stage and have obtained satisfactory results...
September 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835071/-effects-of-axial-vascular-network-flap-of-scalp-or-anterolateral-thigh-perforator-flap-with-fascia-lata-on-repairing-defects-after-radical-resection-of-scalp-carcinoma-in-patients
#7
W F Zhang, X F Zhang, Q F Gao, X T Niu, Y J Ma, B E Wu, B Ma, F Liang, A W Wang
Objective: To observe the effects of axial vascular network flap of scalp or anterolateral thigh perforator flap with fascia lata on repairing defects after radical resection of scalp carcinoma in patients. Methods: From February 2006 to December 2015, twenty-one patients with scalp carcinoma were admitted to our hospital, and the carcinoma invaded external lamina or full-thickness of skull and dura mater. After perfect preoperative examination, carcinoma and scalp tissue in 3 to 5 cm from the edge of carcinoma, external lamina or full-thickness of skull and invaded dura mater were resected and sentinel lymph nodes around carcinoma were cleaned in 3 to 4 days after admission...
August 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751990/dermal-substitutes-use-in-reconstructive-surgery-for-skin-tumors-a-single-center-experience
#8
Mariane Campagnari, Andrea S Jafelicci, Helio A Carneiro, Eduard R Brechtbühl, Eduardo Bertolli, João P Duprat Neto
Reconstructive surgery following skin tumor resection can be challenging. Treatment options after removing the tumor are skin grafting, local pedicled and axial flaps, or microsurgery for complex and extensive wounds correction. Recently, the use of dermal substitutes has been extended to reconstructive surgery in cutaneous oncology. Objectives. To report both a single-center experience using dermal substitutes in reconstructive surgery for skin malignancies and reconstructive surgery's outcomes. Methods and Results...
2017: International Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749842/reconstruction-of-large-postburn-facial-scalp-scars-by-expanded-pedicled-deltopectoral-flap-and-random-scalp-flap-technique-improvements-to-enlarge-the-reconstructive-territory
#9
Xianjie Ma, Yang Li, Weiyang Li, Chaohua Liu, Pai Peng, Baoqiang Song, Wensen Xia, Chenggang Yi, Kaihua Lu, Yingjun Su
The scars of face and scalp caused by burning often show as 1 large facial-scalp scar. The deltopectoral flap was recognized as one of the first choices for the facial scar reconstruction. However, this flap cannot cross the level of zygomatic arch traditionally when it was transferred with pedicle. When the flap reconstructed the facial-scalp scars with expanded random scalp flap, another flap was often needed to reconstruct the remaining temple and forehead scars. The authors reviewed 24 patients of large facial-scalp scars reconstructed by expanded pedicled deltopectoral flap and scalp flap with several technique improvements...
September 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740770/versatility-of-the-latissimus-dorsi-free-flap-during-the-treatment-of-complex-postcraniotomy-surgical-site-infections
#10
Nobutaka Yoshioka
BACKGROUND: Some intractable cases of postcraniotomy infection, which can involve compromised skin, an open frontal air sinus, and residual epidural dead space, have been reported. In such cases, reconstructing the scalp and skull is challenging. METHODS: Between 2009 and 2016, the author treated 12 patients with recalcitrant postcraniotomy surgical site infections with latissimus dorsi (LD) free flaps. The patients' ages ranged from 37 to 79 years (mean, 63.5 years), and their underlying diseases included subarachnoid hemorrhaging (n = 5), brain tumors (n = 4), and cerebral arteriovenous malformations (n = 3)...
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738972/clinicopathological-evaluation-of-marjolin-ulcers-over-two-decades
#11
Melike Oruç, Yüksel Kankaya, Nezih Sungur, Kadri Özer, Veysel Murat Işık, M Gürhan Ulusoy, Afşin Uysal, Uğur Koçer
Malignant changes arising on the previously traumatized or chronically inflamed skin are defined as Marjolin ulcers. They can develop on many different lesions but frequently they are detected on burn scars. Histopathologically, Marjolin ulcers are mostly diagnosed as squamous cell carcinoma and they need special attention when especially located on the lower extremities. In this study, 63 patients treated for Marjolin ulcers between January 2000 and March 2015 were evaluated according to etiology, histological differentiation, primary tumor size, patient age and anatomical localization...
July 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688507/double-hatchet-flap-for-the-reconstruction-of-scalp-defects
#12
A Varela-Veiga, O Suárez-Magdalena, Ó Suárez-Amor, B Monteagudo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 5, 2017: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676163/scalp-and-forehead-defects-in-the-post-mohs-surgery-patient
#13
REVIEW
Michael D Olson, Grant S Hamilton
Scalp and forehead reconstruction after Mohs micrographic surgery can encompass subcentimeter defects to entire scalp reconstruction. Knowledge of anatomy, flap design, and execution will prepare surgeons who operate in the head and neck area to confidently approach a variety of reconstructive challenges in this area.
August 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671102/pentoxifylline-intervention-and-drug-action-in-scalping-forehead-flap-for-large-temporal-cutaneous-defects
#14
Jing An, Xingqi Chen, Yuhang Sun
Pentoxifylline is widely used in the treatment of cerebrovascular disease, at present, there are a variety of drugs in the clinical expansion of the role of the skin flap, by improving or promoting blood circulation, to ensure the survival of the flap. We designed scalping forehead flap to reconstruct large temporal cutaneous defects. This flap is reliable and can give us excellent postoperative result. This design has several advantages and is worth to be promoted. The scalping forehead flap we designed is reliable...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666523/reconstruction-techniques-of-choice-for-the-facial-cosmetic-units
#15
F Russo, M Linares, M E Iglesias, J L Martínez-Amo, F Cabo, J Tercedor, R Costa-Vieira, T Toledo-Pastrana, J M Ródenas, V Leis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A broad range of skin flaps can be used to repair facial surgical defects after the excision of a tumor. The aim of our study was to develop a practical guideline covering the most useful skin grafts for each of the distinct facial cosmetic units. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a multicenter study in which 10 dermatologists with extensive experience in reconstructive surgery chose their preferred technique for each cosmetic unit. The choice of flaps was based on personal experience, taking into account factors such as suitability of the reconstruction technique for the specific defect, the final cosmetic result, surgical difficulty, and risk of complications...
June 27, 2017: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665861/reconstruction-of-a-marjolin-ulcer-defect-of-the-scalp-invading-brain-and-causing-brain-abscess-formation-using-free-latissimus-dorsi-flap
#16
Goktekin Tenekeci, Alper Sari, Vural Hamzaoglu, Hakan Ozalp
Marjolin ulcers are known as aggressive malignant tumors that mostly arise over chronic wounds and cutaneous scars. Brain abscess is a serious medical condition that requires surgical drainage along with antibiotic treatment. Here, we report a case with a Marjolin ulcer located over the right parietal bone with intracranial abscess formation along with tumor invasion into brain parenchyma. This patient was a 64-year-old man and had a 4 × 4 cm open wound on his scalp from which a purulent discharge was coming...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607816/recurrence-case-of-rare-scalp-dermatofibrosarcoma-protuberans-two-case-reports-of-a-wide-radical-excision-craniectomy-bone-involvement-followed-by-cranioplasty-and-reconstruction
#17
Ahmad Faried, Wargian Hadisaputra, Muhammad Z Arifin
BACKGROUND: Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is a rare low-grade sarcoma of the fibroblast originating from the dermal layer of the skin, characterized by a locally aggressive growth and high rate of local recurrence. CASE DESCRIPTION: Two patients underwent a wide radical excision of recurrent scalp DFSP which was reconstructed with translational skin flap and split-thickness skin graft. We described above cases several years ago with a local excision of the tumor; recently, they developed local recurrence of DFSP with calvarial involvement...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598754/use-of-an-epidermal-growth-factor-infused-foam-dressing-in-a-complicated-case-of-adams-oliver-syndrome
#18
B Sezgin, S Sibar, K Findikcioglu, A Sencan, H Emmez, K Baykaner, S Ozmen
Adams-Oliver syndrome is a rare disorder with varying degrees of scalp and cranial bone defects as well as limb anomalies, which can range from mild to more pronounced manifestations. In mild cases, closure of these defects can be achieved with a conservative approach. However, surgical closure is recommended in cases where the defect is extensive and includes cranial involvement. Several complicated cases of Adams-Oliver syndrome have been reported, in which flap failures were encountered and other alternatives had to be used to close critical scalp defects...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582296/free-vastus-intermedius-muscle-flap-a-successful-alternative-for-complex-reconstruction-of-the-neurocranium-in-preoperated-patients
#19
Dominik Horn, Christian Freudlsperger, Moritz Berger, Kolja Freier, Oliver Ristow, Jürgen Hoffmann, Oliver Sakowitz, Michael Engel
The reconstruction of large cranial and scalp defects is a surgical and esthetic challenge. Single autologous tissue transfer can be insufficient due to the defect size and the anatomic complexity of the recipient site. Alloplastic patient-specific preformed implants can be used to recover hard tissue defects of the neurocranium. Nevertheless, for long-term success adequate soft tissue support is required. In this brief clinical study, the authors describe calvarian reconstruction in a 33-year-old patient with wound healing disorder after an initial resection of ependymoma...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562569/traumatic-open-depressed-cranial-fracture-causing-occlusion-of-posterior-superior-sagittal-sinus-case-report
#20
Han-Song Sheng, Fang Shen, Jian Lin, Guang-Hui Bai, Fen-Chun Lin, Dan-Dong Li, Nu Zhang
RATIONALE: The superior sagittal sinus (SSS) is the major dural sinuses that receive a considerable amount of venous drainage. Interruption of its posterior third has been suggested to cause intracranial hypertension and lead to potentially fatal consequences. PATIENT CONCERNS: We presented a 22-year-old man with a severe headache and scalp bleeding after a head chop wound. Physical examination identified a 20-cm straight laceration in his parietooccipital scalp...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
keyword
keyword
42736
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"