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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922966/local-coverage-for-acute-severely-herniated-brain-using-scalp-and-forehead-flaps-in-a-pediatric-patient-with-head-trauma
#1
Matthew Brown, Navid Pourtaheri, Kristopher Katira, Sunil Manjila, Ali S Totonchi
A 4-year-old-boy required emergent craniectomy and drainage of a large right-sided acute subdural hematoma after head trauma, during which massive sinus hemorrhage with brain swelling occurred. Acute intraoperative management entailed dural cover using synthetic dural membrane substitute and scalp coverage over the herniated brain using acellular dermal matrix. After intensive monitoring and control of raised intracranial pressure over the next few days, the exposed brain was then covered by scalp and forehead flaps with cadaveric skin grafting to the donor site...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909467/invasive-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-scalp-and-calvarium-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#2
Jennifer Stark, Silvio Podda, Karen Szymanski
Objective: The correlation between immunosuppression-associated skin cancer and lymphoma has been well established. This includes squamous cell carcinoma and chronic lymphocytic leukemia. When a lesion requires excision, reconstruction can be challenging based on the depth and size of the tumor. We present a patient with chronic lymphocytic leukemia and invasive squamous cell carcinoma of the scalp that extended through the calvarium to the dura mater. His tumors were badly neglected for a long period of time and presented at an advanced stage...
2016: Eplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900320/the-golden-spiral-flap-a-new-flap-design-that-allows-for-closure-of-larger-wounds-under-reduced-tension-how-studying-nature-s-own-design-led-to-the-development-of-a-new-surgical-technique
#3
Sharad P Paul
This paper details the study of biodynamic excisional skin tension lines on the scalp and the development of a new flap technique for closure of scalp wounds. Recently, a study by this author, on pigskin, replicated whorls by placing tissue under rapid stretch using saline tissue expanders, by recreating rapid dermo-epidermal shear of skin - thereby concluding that the golden spiral pattern is nature's own pattern for rapid expansion. Given the relationship between tissue expansion and stretch has been shown to cause deformation gradients that have both elastic and growth factors, the author set out to test the hypothesis that a golden spiral pattern therefore would be more efficient at closing wounds under less tension when compared with standard semicircular rotational flap patterns...
2016: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900013/surgical-treatment-of-rare-giant-malignant-tumors-of-the-scalp-a-report-of-3-cases-with-different-tumor-types
#4
Xiaoliang Liu, Wenzhong Li, Hepei Yuan, Weihong Gu, Dawei Chen
The scalp is the most frequent site of occurrence of malignant tumors. As an area that is generally neglected by the patient and not closely monitored during physical examinations, scalp tumors can go unnoticed until they become malignant. The present study reports 3 cases of rare giant malignant tumors of the scalp, namely a peripheral nerve sheath tumor, a fibrous tumor and a malignant proliferating trichilemmal tumor, that were treated at The First Bethune Hospital of Jilin University (Changchun, China)...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896184/discussion-the-trapezius-muscle-flap-a-viable-alternative-for-posterior-scalp-and-neck-reconstruction
#5
Seong Oh Park, Hak Chang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896183/the-trapezius-muscle-flap-a-viable-alternative-for-posterior-scalp-and-neck-reconstruction
#6
Hee Jun Yang, Dong Hun Lee, Yang Woo Kim, Sang Gu Lee, Young Woo Cheon
BACKGROUND: The trapezius muscle flap is not usually the first reconstructive option for skin and soft tissue defects in the posterior neck and scalp due to surgeons' unfamiliarity with the surgical anatomy and developments in free tissue transfer techniques. The goals of this study were to describe the clinical use of trapezius flaps in posterior neck and scalp reconstruction, and to investigate the vascular anatomy of trapezius flaps in Asians in order to obtain information facilitating the safe design and elevation of flaps in which most of the muscle is preserved...
November 2016: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833717/two-stage-cranioplasty-tissue-expansion-directly-over-the-craniectomy-defect-prior-to-cranioplasty
#7
Ellianne Jacira Dos Santos Rubio, Eelke M Bos, Ruben Dammers, Maarten J Koudstaal, Anton G Dumans
Performing a skull reconstruction for a long-term existing large cranium defect usually needs either skin enhancement or skin flaps and cranioplasty. This procedure can be accompanied with aesthetic and functional complications. The presented case describes a 27-year-old man in need of a cranial reconstruction following decompressive craniectomy as treatment for severe traumatic brain injury. Autologous cranioplasty after decompressive craniectomy failed due to bone flap infection. Because of cognitive behavioral problems, a protective helmet needed to be worn in awaiting cranioplasty...
November 2016: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810611/management-of-skin-defect-following-resection-of-stage-iv-scalp-melanoma-a-case-report
#8
Yana Puckett, Eileen Bui, Sharmila Dissanaike
INTRODUCTION: Surgical defect left following excision of a large and neglected scalp melanoma of can pose a significant challenge for the surgeon. Scalp reconstruction encompasses options such as skin flaps, grafts, and various mechanical techniques. In scalp excision that involves dissection beyond the galea, skin grafts and flaps may not take well and not enough tissue may be available for a skin flap. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present the case of a 64 year-old male with a giant scalp melanoma...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797799/mycobacterium-fortuitum-infection-of-the-scalp-after-a-skin-graft
#9
Blaine D Smith, Ioannis N Liras, Ignacio A De Cicco, Gabriel Marcelo Aisenberg
Mycobacterium fortuitum is a non-tuberculous mycobacterium found in the soil and water of most regions of the world, and it can cause disease in immunocompetent and immunocompromised hosts. We present a 52-year-old man who developed a scalp abscess under a free flap for cranium coverage after a motor vehicle accident. Culture of material drained from the abscess grew M. fortuitum.
October 19, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782751/osteocutaneous-bone-flap-a-useful-variant-of-the-osteoplastic-flap-in-pediatric-patients
#10
Prasad Krishnan, Krishnamurthy Sridhar
Traditional teaching describes two types of bone flaps in craniotomies - 'free bone flap' and osteoplastic craniotomies. While in the former, the entire bone flap devoid of soft tissue attachments is removed, in the latter the bone flap that is turned is hinged on a pedicle of temporalis muscle with the aim of retaining its vascular supply. We describe a variant of the latter in 13 pediatric patients in whom the lower margin of the craniotomy was above the attachment of the temporalis muscle and where the bone flap was lifted with all the layers of the scalp including the skin and galea, highlighting the thought process behind its performance and the advantages of the same...
October 26, 2016: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761094/syringocystadenoma-papilliferum-of-the-scalp-arising-from-a-nevus-sebaceous
#11
Mathangi Chandramouli, Digvijay Sarma, Kapil Tejaswy, Gabriel Rodrigues
Syringocystadenoma papilliferum (SCAP) is a rare, benign tumour with varied presentations that arises from the apocrine glands and at times can lead to a diagnostic dilemma. A 53-year-old male presented with a 40-year history of a scalp nodule and a recent 2-year change in its character, and a sanguinopurulent discharge. Examination revealed a 4 cm × 2 cm firm nodule upon left side of the scalp vertex, actively discharging pus and blood. No regional lymph nodes were noticeably palpable. Incision biopsy performed elsewhere showed evidence of a squamous cell carcinoma-in-situ...
July 2016: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740959/surgical-strategies-for-soft-tissue-management-in-hypertelorbitism
#12
Cassio Eduardo Raposo-Amaral, Rafael Denadai, Enrico Ghizoni, Cesar Augusto Raposo-Amaral
BACKGROUND: Although craniofacial bone correction is the essential step in hypertelorbitism correction, the final result depends on the management of soft tissue deformities. The purpose of this study was to review our surgical strategies for soft tissue reconstruction in hypertelorbitism correction. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed of consecutive patients with hypertelorbitism, undergoing hypertelorbitism correction between 2007 and 2014. All aspects related to the craniofacial surgical procedures (number and type of procedures, outcomes, and complications) were verified through medical records, clinical photographs, and interviews with all patients...
October 6, 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699461/the-use-of-integra-dermal-regeneration-template-versus-flaps-for-reconstruction-of-full-thickness-scalp-defects-involving-the-calvaria-a-cost-benefit-analysis
#13
M Schiavon, M Francescon, D Drigo, G Salloum, R Baraziol, J Tesei, E Fraccalanza, F Barbone
BACKGROUND: INTEGRA(®) Dermal Regeneration Template is a well-known and widely used acellular dermal matrix. Although it helps to solve many challenging problems in reconstructive surgery, the product cost may make it an expensive alternative compared to other reconstruction procedures. This retrospective study aims at comparing INTEGRA-based treatment to flap surgery in terms of cost and benefit. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We considered only patients treated for scalp defects with bone exposure in order to obtain two groups as homogeneous as possible...
December 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622104/multiple-delayed-scalp-reconstruction-for-complicated-cranial-defects
#14
Yoshiaki Sakamoto, Eric Arnaud
In cases of skull trauma, emergency surgery for cranial decompression typically involves the shortest approach, with the incision lying directly on or immediately near the bony defect. Subsequent reconstructive plastic surgery for the skull is difficult in such cases because incisions taken on the previous scar overlying the bony defect are prone to dehiscence and infection. Herein, we describe a technique for creating a well-vascularized delayed skin flap via multistaged operation before the actual skull reconstruction...
August 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609453/scalp-tissue-expansion-above-a-custom-made-hydroxyapatite-cranial-implant-to-correct-sequelar-alopecia-on-a-transposition-flap
#15
Raphael Carloni, Christian Herlin, Benoit Chaput, Antoine De Runz, E Watier, Nicolas Bertheuil
BACKGROUND: Resection of cranial tumors involving both bone and scalp tissue may require the recruitment of soft tissue using a flap above the bone reconstruction. When a transposition flap has been chosen, the alopecia zone on the donor site may be difficult to treat afterward. Scalp expansion is the gold standard in these situations, but this has never been described above cranial implants. We report the first case of a patient who underwent a scalp tissue expansion above a custom-made hydroxyapatite cranial implant to correct sequelar alopecia...
September 5, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27593825/reconstruction-of-large-acquired-scalp-defects-ten-year-experience
#16
Milan STOJİčİć, Milan JOVANOVİć, Lukas RASULİć, Filip VİTOšEVİć
Method of choice for reconstruction of large acquired scalp defects depends on numerous factors. The aim of our study was to analyze reconstructions of large acquired scalp defects performed on 135 patients in the period of 10 years. We have monitored factors having impact on reconstruction method, complications, and the content of achieved results. Skin grafts, local, regional and free flaps, have been applied for reconstruction of defects. We concluded that depth, size, defect localization, condition of surrounding tissue, comorbidities and causes of occurrence of defect have impact to a method of choice for defect reconstruction...
April 20, 2016: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557466/simplified-calvarial-reconstruction-coverage-of-bare-skull-with-gammagraft-promotes-granulation-and-facilitates-skin-grafting
#17
Wesley N Sivak, Debra A Bourne, Matthew P Miller, Ernest K Manders
Repair of scalp defects with exposed calvaria remains a difficult clinical problem. Herein, we present a simple alternative method of scalp reconstruction. Coverage of bare skull with GammaGraft (Promethean LifeSciences, Inc, Pittsburgh, PA) promotes the evolution of granulation tissue and permits subsequent skin grafting without need for burring, drilling, or other manipulation of the outer table of the calvaria. A retrospective review of patients undergoing scalp reconstruction utilizing GammaGraft and subsequent skin grafting was performed at our institution...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536914/scalp-reconstruction-with-free-latissimus-dorsi-flap-in-a-patient-with-giant-cutis-verticis-gyrata
#18
Ozay Ozkaya Mutlu, Ozlem Colak, Mert Canli, Ayberk Akcay
INTRODUCTION: Cutis verticis gyrata is a rare skin disorder characterized by formation of thick skin folds and grooves. Because of the risk of malignant transformation, these lesions must be surgically excised. In this study, the authors aimed to present a successful reconstruction of scalp with free latissimus dorsi musculocutaneous flap after total excision of giant cerebriform intradermal nevus that causes cutis verticis gyrata. PATIENT REPORT: An 18-year-old male patient attended to our clinic with a large tumor that covers almost 80% of his scalp...
September 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27503278/-aplasia-cutis-congenita-update-and-management
#19
A Belkhou, C François, Y Bennis, V Duquennoy-Martinot, P Guerreschi
Congenital skin aplasia, or aplasia cutis congenita (ACC) is a rare congenital disease. It is characterized by the absence of skin at birth, localized or widespread, of one or several areas. This condition commonly involve the scalp but can also involve more rarely the trunk or limbs. However it is most frequently an isolated disorder, it can be associated with other anomalies, such as the Adams-Oliver syndrome, the association with a fetus papyraceus or with an epidermolysis bullosa. Many hypothesis have been suggested: vascular, genetic, traumatic, pharmacological or an anomaly in the neural tube closure process, but the exact mechanism is still unknown...
October 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27438444/reversibility-of-murine-motor-deficits-following-hemi-craniectomy-and-cranioplasty
#20
Brian T Andrews, Anna Lydick, Scott Barbay, Peter Reisz, Randolph J Nudo
BACKGROUND: Hemi-craniectomy is a common surgical procedure which allows the brain to swell and herniate and is often utilized to treat traumatic brain injury. When left untreated the scalp skin typically sinks on the side of the craniectomy creating a phenotype termed "sinking skin flap syndrome." In addition, these same patients often develop long-term neurocognitive deficits termed "syndrome of the trephined" as a result of their craniectomy which reverse when the cranial skull is replaced...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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