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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930467/ankylosis-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-and-reconstruction-with-a-costochondral-graft-in-a-patient-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#1
Valtuir Barbosa Felix, Dhayanna Rolemberg Gama Cabral, Alana Beatriz Wanderley de Almeida, Elionai Dias Soares, Katharina Jucá de Moraes Fernandes
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), the most common inflammatory autoimmune rheumatic disease in children, consists of a heterogeneous group of diseases with 7 distinct subtypes. Involvement of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) in JIA varies from 17% to 87%, and can alter craniofacial growth due to damage to the condylar growth center. This study was a literature review and clinical report of bilateral ankylosis of the TMJ in a 13-year-old patient with polyarticular JIA. Temporomandibular joint reconstruction with a costochondral graft was carried out...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922961/costochondral-graft-in-young-children-with-hemifacial-microsomia
#2
Bin-Zhang Wu, Lian Ma, Yang Li, Shuo Chen, Biao Yi
Patients with severely hypoplastic mandibles usually require condylar reconstruction. This study aimed to describe costochondral graft (CCG) for condylar reconstruction and report subsequent outcomes of these grafts in young children with Pruzansky/Kaban type IIB and type III mandibular hypoplasia. This study included 4 young children with type IIB and type III hemifacial microsomia treated with CCG to reconstruct the condyle at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery in our hospital from March 2008 to March 2014...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921113/-musculoskeletal-related-chest-pain
#3
C Sturm, T Witte
BACKGROUND: Approximately 10-50% of chest pains are caused by musculoskeletal disorders. The association is twice as frequent in primary care as in emergency admissions. AIM: This article provides an overview of the most important musculoskeletal causes of chest pain and on the diagnostics and therapy. METHODS: A selective search and analysis of the literature related to the topic of musculoskeletal causes of chest pain were carried out. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Non-inflammatory diseases, such as costochondritis and fibromyalgia are frequent causes of chest pain...
December 5, 2016: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909035/randomised-controlled-pilot-study-to-investigate-the-effectiveness-of-thoracic-epidural-and-paravertebral-blockade-in-reducing-chronic-post-thoracotomy-pain-topic-feasibility-study-protocol
#4
Joyce Yeung, Teresa Melody, Amy Kerr, Babu Naidu, Lee Middleton, Kostas Tryposkiadis, Jane Daniels, Fang Gao
INTRODUCTION: Open chest surgery (thoracotomy) is considered the most painful of surgical procedures. Forceful wound retraction, costochondral dislocation, posterior costovertebral ligament disruption, intercostal nerve trauma and wound movement during respiration combine to produce an acute, severe postoperative pain insult and persistent chronic pain many months after surgery is common. Three recent systematic reviews conclude that unilateral continuous paravertebral blockade (PVB) provides analgesia at least equivalent to thoracic epidural blockade (TEB) in the postoperative period, has a lower failure rate, and symptom relief that lasted months...
December 1, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854286/-english-disease-historical-notes-on-rickets-the-bone-lung-link-and-child-neglect-issues
#5
REVIEW
Mingyong Zhang, Fan Shen, Anna Petryk, Jingfeng Tang, Xingzhen Chen, Consolato Sergi
Nutritional or classical rickets (here labeled as "rickets") is a worldwide disease involving mostly infants and young children having inadequate sunlight exposure, often associated with a low dietary intake of Vitamin D. Rickets targets all layers of society independently of economic status with historical information spanning more than two millennia. Vitamin D is critical for the absorption of calcium and prevention of rickets in children as well as osteomalacia in adults. The initial and misleading paradigm of the 19th and 20th centuries that rickets may have been the consequence of infection has been, indeed, reversed following the identification of the Vitamin D molecule's important role in the function of the immune system...
November 15, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833705/post-ankylotic-temporomandibular-joint-reconstruction-using-autogenous-alloplastic-materials-our-protocol-and-treatment-outcomes-in-22-patients
#6
Yogesh Bhardwaj, Saurabh Arya
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the various options of autogenous and alloplastic reconstruction modalities available for posttraumatic temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis. In a retrospective study of 22 patients, various autogenous/alloplastic materials were used based on type and severity of ankylosis and age of patient. Final outcome of reconstruction was critically evaluated in terms of maximal mouth opening, occlusion, and facial symmetry. Fourteen patients (63.63%) developed TMJ ankylosis due to road traffic accidents and eight patients (36...
November 2016: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793082/dwarfism-with-joint-laxity-in-friesian-horses-is-associated-with-a-splice-site-mutation-in-b4galt7
#7
Peter A Leegwater, Manon Vos-Loohuis, Bart J Ducro, Iris J Boegheim, Frank G van Steenbeek, Isaac J Nijman, Glen R Monroe, John W M Bastiaansen, Bert W Dibbits, Leanne H van de Goor, Ids Hellinga, Willem Back, Anouk Schurink
BACKGROUND: Inbreeding and population bottlenecks in the ancestry of Friesian horses has led to health issues such as dwarfism. The limbs of dwarfs are short and the ribs are protruding inwards at the costochondral junction, while the head and back appear normal. A striking feature of the condition is the flexor tendon laxity that leads to hyperextension of the fetlock joints. The growth plates of dwarfs display disorganized and thickened chondrocyte columns. The aim of this study was to identify the gene defect that causes the recessively inherited trait in Friesian horses to understand the disease process at the molecular level...
October 28, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774442/the-sequential-management-of-recurrent-temporomandibular-joint-ankylosis-in-a-growing-child-a-case-report
#8
Jung-Won Cho, Jung-Hyun Park, Jin-Woo Kim, Sun-Jong Kim
BACKGROUND: Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis in children often leads to facial deformity, functional deficit, and negative influence of the psychosocial development, which worsens with growth. The treatment of TMJ ankylosis in the pediatric patient is much more challenging than in adults because of a high incidence of recurrence and unfavorable growth of the mandible. CASE REPORT: This is a case report describing sequential management of the left TMJ ankylosis resulted from trauma in early childhood...
December 2016: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741418/remodeling-of-costochondral-graft-after-mandibular-reconstruction
#9
Loreto Castellon, Daniel Jerez, Jaime Mayorga, Carlos Fuenzalida
Mandibular tumors are rare in children. Most mandibular tumors in children are benign and locally aggressive, and some might require resection to prevent recurrence. Mandibular reconstruction after tumor resection in children has been less documented in published studies than mandibular reconstruction in adults. In children, age, the growth potential of the mandible, and the donor site are important factors that must be considered. The costochondral graft is an option for reconstruction of the resected portion of the mandible in children, especially when the resection involves the condyle, owing to its biologic and anatomic similarity to the temporomandibular joint and its regenerative and growth potential...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27691906/skeletal-deformities-associated-with-nutritional-congenital-rickets-in-newborn-lambs
#10
K E Dittmer, R E Morley, R L Smith
CASE HISTORY: A group of 545 pregnant rising 2-year-old Coopdale ewes on a Southland sheep farm were grazed over winter on a fodder beet (Beta vulgaris) crop. Subsequently, 45 out of approximately 750 lambs were born with a variety of skeletal deformities, including shortened limbs, varus and valgus angular limb deformities, palmar grade stance and cranial bowing of the carpus. Analysis of the crop showed the fodder beet contained a low percentage of phosphorus. In addition, 60 out of 460 rising 2-year-old ewes that had been grazed on the fodder beet crop as 1-year-olds had incisor abnormalities and malocclusion...
October 2, 2016: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617809/efficacy-of-standard-costochondral-grafting-in-patients-with-bilateral-craniofacial-microsomia
#11
Arman T Serebrakian, Michael S Golinko, Michael Alperovich, Christopher M Runyan, David A Staffenberg
Craniofacial microsomia remains the second most common craniofacial deformity after cleft lip and palate. Mandibular pathology has been classically scored from type I to type III by the modified Pruzansky-Kaban classification. The authors report a case of a 5-year-old patient with Goldenhar syndrome and bilateral type III craniofacial macrosomia. The patient had absence of bilateral glenoid fossas, condyles, coronoids, and rami as well as hypoplasia of the symphysis, parasymphysis, and mandibular body. Reconstruction was performed using 2 costochondral rib autografts to reconstruct a ramus and assist in the development of a neo-glenoid fossa at the cranial base...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497417/extended-cricotracheal-resection-with-posterior-costochondral-grafting-for-complex-pediatric-subglottic-stenosis
#12
Jaime Penchyna Grub, Enrique Ortíz Hernández, Gustavo Teyssier Morales, Ivan Rivas Rivera, Diego Preciado, Hiram Álvarez-Neri
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Severe laryngotracheal stenosis in childhood poses a complex surgical challenge for specialists in airway surgery. Patients with severe subglottic stenosis with vocal cord involvement are particularly difficult to manage successfully. The goal of this work was to review our experience with extended CTR in a cohort of young children with severe SGS and determine which clinical parameters would be associated with surgical success. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the outcome of consecutive patients with severe glottic-subglottic stenosis submitted to an extended double-stage CTR between 2004 and 2014 at a large tertiary referral center...
September 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487617/tmj-ankylosis-management-with-reconstruction-and-interpositional-arthroplasty
#13
Singh Madhumati, R Shruthi, Sojitra Mitul, Abhishek Karan, Abdul Aziz
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis is a very desolating structural condition that involves fusion of the mandibular condyle to the base of the skull. It causes difficulty in mastication and breathing. Trauma and Infections are usually responsible. If trauma occurs in young age, it leads to disturbance in growth & facial asymmetry. Treatment of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis usually requires adequate excision of the involved ankylotic block (arthroplasty) or interpositional arthroplasty using autogenous or alloplastic materials...
October 2015: Nigerian Journal of Medicine: Journal of the National Association of Resident Doctors of Nigeria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27475115/management-of-facial-asymmetry-due-to-overgrowing-costochondral-graft-a-case-report
#14
Arif Razzak, Nabeela Ahmed, Andrew Sidebottom
Costochondral grafts are used to replace the mandibular condyle in cases of TMJ ankylosis, and are generally viewed as a gold standard for autogenous reconstruction of the mandibular condyle (Güven, 2000; Posnick and Goldstein, 1993 [1,2]). We report a case where overgrowth of costochondral grafts is seen, resulting in asymmetric mandibular growth and dentofacial asymmetry (Posnick and Goldstein, 1993 [2]). A 17 year old male patient presented with an existing costochondral graft performed due to TMJ ankylosis during childhood...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27435007/resection-of-an-ameloblastoma-in-a%C3%A2-pediatric-patient-and-immediate-reconstruction-using-a-combination-of-tissue-engineering-and-costochondral-rib-graft-a-case-report
#15
Jeanette Johnson, Jonathon Jundt, Issa Hanna, Jonathan W Shum, Gary Badger, James C Melville
BACKGROUND AND OVERVIEW: Ameloblastoma is an odontogenic tumor predominantly occurring in patients who are in their 20s and 30s. Approximately 10% to 15% of ameloblastomas occur in patients younger than 18 years. Although it is a benign tumor, an ameloblastoma can have a devastating effect on children both physically and emotionally. The aim of this case report is to demonstrate how tissue engineering and surgical techniques can minimize morbidity and recovery time after extirpation and immediate reconstruction of a mandibular ameloblastoma...
July 16, 2016: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27357311/high-resolution-ct-of-the-sternoclavicular-joint-and-first-costochondral-synchondrosis-in-asymptomatic-individuals
#16
Michel De Maeseneer, Leon Lenchik, Nico Buls, Cedric Boulet, Seema Döring, Johan de Mey, Inneke Willekens
OBJECTIVE: To assess CT features of the sternoclavicular joint (SCJ) and first costochondral junction in asymptomatic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 66 patients transverse and coronal oblique high-resolution multiple detector CT images of the SCJ and first costochondral junction were obtained. Images were reviewed by consensus of two radiologists. Joint space width was measured at three levels, and osteophytes, geodes, and erosions were evaluated. Variants and degree of ossification were noted...
September 2016: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348350/temporomandibular-joint-reconstruction
#17
Mario J Imola, Aaron Liddell
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) reconstruction represents one of the more challenging clinical problems that a head and neck surgeon encounters. Fortunately, the problem is fairly uncommon; however, at the same time, clear clinical guidelines have not been formulated. The goal of this review is to present the established solutions to this difficult reconstructive challenge and highlight key developments that have been recently published. RECENT FINDINGS: Modern-day approaches to TMJ reconstruction include a handful of surgical modalities: costochondral grafting, revascularized tissue transfer, distraction osteogenesis, and alloplastic temporomandibular joint replacement (APTMJR)...
August 2016: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27298541/fate-of-costochondral-graft-in-temporomandibular-joint-reconstruction-a-histological-study
#18
C Prasad, G Uma Maheswari, D Karthikeyan
OBJECTIVE: To asses the fate of the costochondral graft (CCG) used to stimulate mandibular growth in the management of Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) reconsrtuction in ankylosis-histologically. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten patients who had undergone CCG grafting for TMJ ankylosis between 1994-2009 in the department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Tamil Nadu Govt Dental College and Hospital, Chennai and had come back with reankylosis, were surgically explored and the graft along with the ankylotic mass was excised and evaluated histologically...
June 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27262174/three-dimensional-planning-and-printing-of-guides-and-templates-for-reconstruction-of-the-mandibular-ramus-and-condyle-using-autogenous-costochondral-grafts
#19
Omri Emodi, Dekel Shilo, Yair Israel, Adi Rachmiel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27242928/bilateral-chondroepitrochlearis-muscle-case-report-phylogenetic-analysis-and-clinical-significance
#20
Sujeewa P W Palagama, Raymond A Tedman, Matthew J Barton, Mark R Forwood
Anomalous muscular variants of pectoralis major have been reported on several occasions in the medical literature. Among them, chondroepitrochlearis is one of the rarest. Therefore, this study aims to provide a comprehensive description of its anatomy and subsequent clinical significance, along with its phylogenetic importance in pectoral muscle evolution with regard to primate posture. The authors suggest a more appropriate name to better reflect its proximal attachment to the costochondral junction and distal attachment to the epicondyle of humerus, as "chondroepicondylaris"; in addition, we suggest a new theory of phylogenetic significance to explain the twisting of pectoralis major tendon in primates that may have occurred with their adoption to bipedalism and arboreal lifestyle...
2016: Anatomy Research International
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