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Predominantly inattentive

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890705/parent-rated-symptoms-of-inattention-in-childhood-predict-high-school-academic-achievement-across-two-culturally-and-diagnostically-diverse-samples
#1
Astri J Lundervold, Jocelyn I Meza, Mari Hysing, Stephen P Hinshaw
Objective: To investigate parent reports of childhood symptoms of inattention as a predictor of adolescent academic achievement, taking into account the impact of the child's intellectual functioning, in two diagnostically and culturally diverse samples. Method: Samples: (a) an all-female sample in the U.S. predominated by youth with ADHD (Berkeley Girls with ADHD Longitudinal Study [BGALS], N = 202), and (b) a mixed-sex sample recruited from a Norwegian population-based sample (the Bergen Child Study [BCS], N = 93)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844652/spanish-validation-of-the-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-rating-scale-adhd-rs-relevance-of-clinical-subtypes
#2
Vanesa Richarte, Montserrat Corrales, Marian Pozuelo, Juanfran Serra-Pla, Pol Ibáñez, Eva Calvo, Margarida Corominas, Rosa Bosch, Miquel Casas, Josep Antoni Ramos-Quiroga
INTRODUCTION: Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has a prevalence between 2.5% and 4% of the general adult population. Over the past few decades, self-report measures have been developed for the current evaluation of adult ADHD. The ADHD-RS is a 18-items scale self-report version for assessing symptoms for ADHD DSM-IV. A validation of Spanish version of the ADHD-RS was performed. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The sample consisted of 304 adult with ADHD and 94 controls...
August 24, 2017: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791531/processing-speed-predicts-behavioral-treatment-outcomes-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-predominantly-inattentive-type
#3
Christopher J Adalio, Elizabeth B Owens, Keith McBurnett, Stephen P Hinshaw, Linda J Pfiffner
Neuropsychological functioning underlies behavioral symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Children with all forms of ADHD are vulnerable to working memory deficits and children presenting with the inattentive form of ADHD (ADHD-I) appear particularly vulnerable to processing speed deficits. As ADHD-I is the most common form of ADHD presented by children in community settings, it is important to consider how treatment interventions for children with ADHD-I may be affected by deficits in processing speed and working memory...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734322/association-between-childhood-to-adolescent-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptom-trajectories-and-late-adolescent-disordered-eating
#4
Zeynep Yilmaz, Kristin N Javaras, Jessica H Baker, Laura M Thornton, Paul Lichtenstein, Cynthia M Bulik, Henrik Larsson
PURPOSE: Disordered eating is more prevalent among adolescents with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Both inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity symptoms show strong associations with disordered eating, but few investigations of these associations have been longitudinal. Thus, we examined the effect of childhood to adolescent inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity symptom trajectories on late adolescent disordered eating. METHODS: We used growth mixture modeling to identify distinct inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity symptom trajectories (called "classes") across three time points (ages 8-9, 13-14, and 16-17 years) in the Swedish Twin study of CHild and Adolescent Development...
August 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702771/evidence-for-the-trait-impulsivity-etiological-model-in-a-clinical-sample-bifactor-structure-and-its-relation-to-impairment-and-environmental-risk
#5
Klaas Rodenacker, Christopher Hautmann, Anja Görtz-Dorten, Manfred Döpfner
The trait-impulsivity etiological model assumes that a general factor (trait-impulsivity) underlies attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), and other externalizing disorders. We investigated the plausibility of this assumption by testing the factor structure of ADHD and ODD in a bifactor framework for a clinical sample of 1420 children between 6 and 18 years of age (M = 9.99, SD = 3.34; 85% male). Further, the trait-impulsivity etiological model assumes that ODD emerges only if environmental risk factors are present...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701934/neuronal-intra-individual-variability-masks-response-selection-differences-between-adhd-subtypes-a-need-to-change-perspectives
#6
Annet Bluschke, Witold X Chmielewski, Moritz Mückschel, Veit Roessner, Christian Beste
Due to the high intra-individual variability in attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), there may be considerable bias in knowledge about altered neurophysiological processes underlying executive dysfunctions in patients with different ADHD subtypes. When aiming to establish dimensional cognitive-neurophysiological constructs representing symptoms of ADHD as suggested by the initiative for Research Domain Criteria, it is crucial to consider such processes independent of variability. We examined patients with the predominantly inattentive subtype (attention deficit disorder, ADD) and the combined subtype of ADHD (ADHD-C) in a flanker task measuring conflict control...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699075/differential-brain-activations-in-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-subtypes-a-counting-stroop-functional-mri-study
#7
Chi-Yung Shang, Chia Sheng, Li-Kuang Yang, Tai-Li Chou, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
Although previous functional neuroimaging studies have found abnormal brain activations in individuals with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), little was known about distinct brain dysfunctions across different ADHD subtypes. The objective of the present study was to investigate the abnormal brain activations associated with two ADHD subtypes, predominantly inattentive (ADHD-PI) and combined (ADHD-C) subtypes. Twenty-five adults with ADHD-PI, 25 with ADHD-C, and 30 healthy controls (HC) participated in this study...
July 11, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670123/intelligence-profiles-of-chinese-school-aged-boys-with-high-functioning-asd-and-adhd
#8
Gaizhi Li, Wenqing Jiang, Yasong Du, Kathryn Rossbach
PURPOSE: This study aimed to explore the intelligence profiles of Chinese school-aged boys with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (HFASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Additionally, differences in intelligence quotient (IQ) between the HFASD group and the ADHD group were examined. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-two boys with HFASD, 58 boys with ADHD, and 39 typically developing (TD) boys aged 6-16 years participated in this study. The ADHD group was divided into subgroups: ADHD-I (predominantly inattentive) and ADHD-C (combined type)...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580295/regional-brain-network-organization-distinguishes-the-combined-and-inattentive-subtypes-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#9
Jacqueline F Saad, Kristi R Griffiths, Michael R Kohn, Simon Clarke, Leanne M Williams, Mayuresh S Korgaonkar
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is characterized clinically by hyperactive/impulsive and/or inattentive symptoms which determine diagnostic subtypes as Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive (ADHD-HI), Predominantly Inattentive (ADHD-I), and Combined (ADHD-C). Neuroanatomically though we do not yet know if these clinical subtypes reflect distinct aberrations in underlying brain organization. We imaged 34 ADHD participants defined using DSM-IV criteria as ADHD-I (n = 16) or as ADHD-C (n = 18) and 28 matched typically developing controls, aged 8-17 years, using high-resolution T1 MRI...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538047/auditory-processing-disorder-what-does-it-mean-and-what-can-be-done
#10
Krista Bartlett, Elissa Kelley, Julie Purdy, Martin T Stein
Julian, an 11-year-old boy in the sixth grade with a compliant disposition and a positive attitude, has had a significant decline in his academic performance over the last 2 years. He spends much of his time in the nurse's office with headaches and fatigue. He reports that he cannot concentrate or follow along in class. Vision and hearing screenings were normal.Julian's teachers report that although he has no behavior problem, he is inattentive and does not put forth the effort she feels he is capable of giving...
June 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367712/the-clinical-characteristics-of-adhd-diagnosed-in-adolescents-in-comparison-with-younger-children
#11
Muhammad Mahajnah, Rajech Sharkia, Nadeem Shorbaji, Nathanel Zelnik
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to identify the clinical characteristics in adolescents newly diagnosed with ADHD. METHOD: Data of patients aged 7 to 17 years diagnosed with ADHD were collected and analyzed. The patients were divided into adolescents aged 13 to 17 years (Group I) and children aged 7 to 12 years (Group II): 592 males and 231 females. Group I consists of 450 participants, and Group II consists of 373 participants. RESULTS: Adolescents were predominantly inattentive (63...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352178/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-elementary-school-students-in-shantou-china-prevalence-subtypes-and-influencing-factors
#12
Yanhong Huang, Shaoxiong Zheng, Chongtao Xu, Kun Lin, Kusheng Wu, Maochun Zheng, Jie Zhang, Haiyun Xu
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a frequent childhood-onset psychiatric condition and categorized into three subtypes of predominantly inattentive (ADHD-I), hyperactive impulsive (ADHD-H), and combined (ADHD-C). The prevalence and subtypes of ADHD vary considerably. The primary aim of this study was to provide a prevalence estimate of ADHD in elementary school students living in Shantou, a district of China, and in addition to examine the influence of informants, age, and gender on the prevalence...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333510/comparing-treatments-for-children-with-adhd-and-word-reading-difficulties-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Leanne Tamm, Carolyn A Denton, Jeffery N Epstein, Christopher Schatschneider, Heather Taylor, L Eugene Arnold, Oscar Bukstein, Julia Anixt, Anson Koshy, Nicholas C Newman, Jan Maltinsky, Patricia Brinson, Richard E A Loren, Mary R Prasad, Linda Ewing-Cobbs, Aaron Vaughn
OBJECTIVE: This trial compared attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treatment alone, intensive reading intervention alone, and their combination for children with ADHD and word reading difficulties and disabilities (RD). METHOD: Children (n = 216; predominantly African American males) in Grades 2-5 with ADHD and word reading/decoding deficits were randomized to ADHD treatment (medication + parent training), reading treatment (reading instruction), or combined ADHD + reading treatment...
May 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323525/the-impact-of-pharmacotherapy-on-substance-use-in-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-variations-across-subtypes
#14
Navneet Upadhyay, Hua Chen, Osaro Mgbere, Vinod S Bhatara, Rajender R Aparasu
OBJECTIVE: The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) pharmacotherapy on the risk of substance use within each ADHD subtype. METHODS: The study used data from the National Comorbidity Survey-Adolescent supplement, a nationally representative sample of US adolescents (ages 13-18) collected from 6,483 adolescent-parent interviews conducted between 2001 and 2004. ADHD was categorized into three subtypes: ADHD-predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type (ADHD-H); ADHD-predominantly inattentive type (ADHD-I); and ADHD-combined type (ADHD-C) using Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV criteria...
March 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264636/mothers-parenting-stress-is-associated-with-salivary-cortisol-profiles-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#15
Terpsichori Korpa, Panagiota Pervanidou, Eleni Angeli, Filia Apostolakou, Katerina Papanikolaou, Ioannis Papassotiriou, George P Chrousos, Gerasimos Kolaitis
The aim of this study was to explore the relation between mothers' parenting stress and the functioning of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPAA), as expressed by daily salivary cortisol concentrations, in their children diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Seventy-five children aged 6-11 years diagnosed with ADHD predominant hyperactive-impulsive/combined (ADHD-HI/C, N = 49) and inattentive symptoms (ADHD-I, N = 26) and 45 healthy peers and their mothers participated in the study...
March 28, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215021/sluggish-cognitive-tempo-processing-speed-and-internalizing-symptoms-the-moderating-effect-of-age
#16
Lisa A Jacobson, Megan Geist, E Mark Mahone
Sluggish Cognitive Tempo (SCT) has been defined by a constellation of caregiver-reported symptoms that includes daydreaming, difficulty initiating and sustaining effort, lethargy, and physical underactivity. These symptoms have been observed in both typically developing children and in some children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)-especially those with the predominantly inattentive presentation. Symptoms of SCT (typically identified via rating scales) appear separable from DSM inattentive ADHD symptoms, but have also been associated with internalizing symptoms...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176178/are-anxiety-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-less-impairing-than-adhd-and-autism-spectrum-disorders-associations-with-child-quality-of-life-and-parental-stress-and-psychopathology
#17
Liesbeth G E Telman, Francisca J A van Steensel, Marija Maric, Susan M Bögels
We compared clinically referred children with anxiety disorders (AD; n = 63) to children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD; n = 39), ADHD Combined (ADHD-C; n = 62), ADHD Predominantly Inattentive (ADHD-I; n = 64), and typically developing children (n = 42) on child quality of life (QOL), paternal and maternal psychopathology and parental stress. Diagnoses were based on DSM-IV-TR criteria. Multilevel analyses showed that QOL in AD was higher on school and social functioning, compared to respectively ADHD and ASD, and lower compared to normal controls on all five domains...
February 7, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107027/generating-attention-inhibition-and-memory-a-pilot-randomized-trial-for-preschoolers-with-executive-functioning-deficits
#18
Leanne Tamm, Jeffery N Epstein, Richard E A Loren, Stephen P Becker, Sarah B Brenner, Morgan E Bamberger, James Peugh, Jeffrey M Halperin
This goal of this study was to assess the initial feasibility and efficacy of a play-based intervention targeting executive functions (EF) and parent-child relationships in preschoolers compared with an active control group. Preschoolers with EF deficits (M age = 3.7 ± 0.47, predominantly White boys) and their parents were randomized to intervention (n = 36) or active control (n = 32) conditions. Child performance on EF tasks, parent and masked teacher ratings of EF and behavior, and masked clinician ratings of severity were collected at baseline and at 3 and 6 months postbaseline...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064560/patterns-and-predictors-of-service-utilization-among-youth-with-adhd-predominantly-inattentive-presentation
#19
Matthew R Capriotti, Linda J Pfiffner
OBJECTIVE: This study examined rates and predictors of educational and mental health service utilization among youth with ADHD-predominantly inattentive presentation (ADHD-I). METHOD: Participants were 199 children with ADHD-I in Grades 2 to 5. Parents reported past-year child service utilization. Parents and teachers rated child ADHD and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptom severity and functional impairment. Children completed an academic achievement test...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864066/stimulus-control-in-two-rodent-models-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#20
Adam E Fox, Sierra R Caramia, Molly M Haskell, Aerial L Ramey, Depika Singha
The spontaneously hypertensive (SHR/NCrl) rat from Charles River is one of the most widely used models of the combined subtype of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD-C). Although often used as its control strain, the Wistar Kyoto (WKY/NCrl) from Charles River has been proposed as a model of the predominately inattentive subtype of ADHD (ADHD-PI). In Experiment 1 SHR/NCrl, WKY/NCrl, and Wistar (WI; the progenitor strain for the two models) rats were trained on a left→right lever-press sequence in the presence of light discriminative stimuli that signaled the active lever in the sequence...
February 2017: Behavioural Processes
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