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smartphone diabetes

C D Hoppe, J E Cade, M Carter
BACKGROUND: Mobile applications (apps) could support diabetes management through dietary, weight and blood glucose self-monitoring, as well as by promoting behaviour change. The present study aimed to evaluate diabetes apps for content, functions and behaviour change techniques (BCTs). METHODS: Diabetes self-management apps for Android smartphones were searched for on the Google Play Store. Ten apps each from the following search terms were included; 'diabetes', 'diabetes type 1', 'diabetes type 2', 'gestational diabetes'...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
Ngai-Yin Chan, Chi-Chung Choy
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of community screening for atrial fibrillation (AF) using a smartphone-based wireless single-lead ECG (SL-ECG) and to generate epidemiological data on the prevalence and risk factors of AF in Hong Kong. METHODS: In the period between 1 May 2014 to 30 April 2015, 13 122 Hong Kong citizens consented and voluntarily participated in a territory-wide community-based AF screening programme. RESULTS: 56 (0...
October 12, 2016: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
Božidara Cvetković, Vito Janko, Alfonso E Romero, Özgür Kafalı, Kostas Stathis, Mitja Luštrek
Diabetes is a disease that has to be managed through appropriate lifestyle. Technology can help with this, particularly when it is designed so that it does not impose an additional burden on the patient. This paper presents an approach that combines machine-learning and symbolic reasoning to recognise high-level lifestyle activities using sensor data obtained primarily from the patient's smartphone. We compare five methods for machine-learning which differ in the amount of manually labelled data by the user, to investigate the trade-off between the labelling effort and recognition accuracy...
December 2016: Journal of Medical Systems
Lei Liu, Diming Zhang, Qian Zhang, Xing Chen, Gang Xu, Yanli Lu, Qingjun Liu
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) detection is in high demand for clinic treatment, environment monitoring, and food quality control. Especially, VOCs from human exhaled breath can serve as significant biomarkers of some diseases, such as lung cancer and diabetes. In this study, a smartphone-based sensing system was developed for real-time VOCs monitoring using alternative current (AC) impedance measurement. The interdigital electrodes modified with zinc oxide (ZnO), graphene, and nitrocellulose were used as sensors to produce impedance responses to VOCs...
September 25, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Melvin Khee Shing Leow
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) reflects the cumulative glucose exposure of erythrocytes over a preceding time frame proportional to erythrocyte survival. HbA1c is thus an areal function of the glucose-time curve, an educationally useful concept to aid teaching and clinical judgment. METHODS: An ordinary differential equation is formulated as a parsimonious model of HbA1c. The integrated form yields HbA1c as an area-under-the-curve (AUC) of a glucose-time profile...
July 16, 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
Xiayu Xu, Wenxiang Ding, Xuemin Wang, Ruofan Cao, Maiye Zhang, Peilin Lv, Feng Xu
Retinal vasculature analysis is important for the early diagnostics of various eye and systemic diseases, making it a potentially useful biomarker, especially for resource-limited regions and countries. Here we developed a smartphone-based retinal image analysis system for point-of-care diagnostics that is able to load a fundus image, segment retinal vessels, analyze individual vessel width, and store or uplink results. The proposed system was not only evaluated on widely used public databases and compared with the state-of-the-art methods, but also validated on clinical images directly acquired with a smartphone...
October 4, 2016: Scientific Reports
Vernon Min Sen Oh
According to the Singapore National Health Survey (NHS) of 2010, the population of the Republic of Singapore was 5.076,700, comprising four ethnic groups: Chinese (74.1%), Malays (13.4%), Indians (9.2%), and others (3.3%). The National Health Survey for 2016 is under way and due to be published in 2017. From the six-yearly national health surveys, the crude prevalence of clinical hypertension (HTn), defined as a sustained blood pressure ≥ 140/90 mmHg, in Singaporean residents aged 30 to 69 years rose from 22...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Joao H G Sa, Marina S Rebelo, Alexandra Brentani, Sandra J F E Grisi, Leonardo H Iwaya, Marcos A Simplicio, Tereza C M B Carvalho, Marco A Gutierrez
INTRODUCTION: Mobile health consists in applying mobile devices and communication capabilities for expanding the coverage and improving the effectiveness of health care programs. The technology is particularly promising for developing countries, in which health authorities can take advantage of the flourishing mobile market to provide adequate health care to underprivileged communities, especially primary care. In Brazil, the Primary Care Information System (SIAB) receives primary health care data from all regions of the country, creating a rich database for health-related action planning...
October 2016: International Journal of Medical Informatics
Edmond A Ryan, Joanna Holland, Eleni Stroulia, Blerina Bazelli, Stephanie A Babwik, Haipeng Li, Peter Senior, Russ Greiner
OBJECTIVES: Smartphones are a potentially useful tool in diabetes care. We have developed an application (app) linked to a website, Intelligent Diabetes Management (IDM), which serves as both an insulin bolus calculator and an electronic diabetes diary. We have prospectively studied whether patients using this app improved control of their glucose levels. METHODS: Patients with type 1 diabetes were recruited. There was a 4-week observation period, midway during which we offered to review the participants' records...
August 25, 2016: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
Petra Povalej Brzan, Eva Rotman, Majda Pajnkihar, Petra Klanjsek
Mobile applications (apps) can be very useful software on smartphones for all aspects of people's lives. Chronic diseases, such as diabetes, can be made manageable with the support of mobile apps. Applications on smartphones can also help people with diabetes to control their fitness and health. A systematic review of free apps in the English language for smartphones in three of the most popular mobile app stores: Google Play (Android), App Store (iOS) and Windows Phone Store, was performed from November to December 2015...
September 2016: Journal of Medical Systems
Pak-Hei Chan, Chun-Ka Wong, Yukkee C Poh, Louise Pun, Wangie Wan-Chiu Leung, Yu-Fai Wong, Michelle Man-Ying Wong, Ming-Zher Poh, Daniel Wai-Sing Chu, Chung-Wah Siu
BACKGROUND: Diagnosing atrial fibrillation (AF) before ischemic stroke occurs is a priority for stroke prevention in AF. Smartphone camera-based photoplethysmographic (PPG) pulse waveform measurement discriminates between different heart rhythms, but its ability to diagnose AF in real-world situations has not been adequately investigated. We sought to assess the diagnostic performance of a standalone smartphone PPG application, Cardiio Rhythm, for AF screening in primary care setting...
July 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
Steven James, Lin Perry, Robyn Gallagher, Julia Lowe
BACKGROUND: Various technologies are commonly used to support type 1 diabetes management (continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion therapy, continuous glucose monitoring systems, smartphone and tablet applications, and video conferencing) and may foster self-care, communication, and engagement with health care services. Diabetes educators are key professional supporters of this patient group, and ideally positioned to promote and support technology use. The aim of this study was to examine diabetes educators' perceived experiences, supports, and barriers to use of common diabetes-related technologies for people with type 1 diabetes...
September 2016: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
Magdalena Wilczynska, David R Lubans, Kristen E Cohen, Jordan J Smith, Sara L Robards, Ronald C Plotnikoff
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence and risk of Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) has dramatically increased over the past decade. Physical activity (PA) has significant benefits for the treatment and prevention of T2D. The aim of this study is to develop, implement and evaluate a community-based PA intervention to improve aerobic and muscular fitness among adults at risk of, or diagnosed with T2D. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The eCoFit pilot intervention will be evaluated using a randomized controlled trial (RCT) design...
July 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Mathias Ried-Larsen, Reimar W Thomsen, Klara Berencsi, Cecilie F Brinkløv, Charlotte Brøns, Laura S Valentiner, Kristian Karstoft, Henning Langberg, Allan A Vaag, Bente K Pedersen, Jens S Nielsen
Promoting physical activity is a first-line choice of treatment for patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, there is a need for more effective tools and technologies to facilitate structured lifestyle interventions and to ensure a better compliance, sustainability, and health benefits of exercise training in patients with T2D. The InterWalk initiative and its innovative application (app) for smartphones described in this study were developed by the Danish Centre for Strategic Research in T2D aiming at implementing, testing, and validating interval walking in patients with T2D in Denmark...
2016: Clinical Epidemiology
Kathryn Anne McMillan, Alison Kirk, Allan Hewitt, Sandra MacRury
AIM: The aim was to review studies examining the effectiveness, acceptability, and feasibility of mobile-based technology for promoting active lifestyles in people with type 2 diabetes (T2D). BACKGROUND: Benefits of leading an active lifestyle following a diagnosis of T2D, including improved glycemic control, have been reported. Studies examining the specific use of mobile-based technologies to promote an active lifestyle in T2D have not previously been reviewed...
June 21, 2016: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
Dari Alhuwail
Today, 415 million adults have diabetes; more than 35 million of diabetic adults live in the Middle East and North Africa region. Smartphone penetration in the region is high and applications, or apps, for diabetics have shown promising results in recent years. This study took place between September and December 2015 and reviewed all currently available smartphone diabetes apps for Arabic speakers in both the Apple App and Google Play stores. There were only few diabetes apps for Arabic speakers; only eighteen apps were discovered and considered for this study...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Eunjoo Jeon, Hyeoun-Ae Park, Soojung Jo, Hannah Kang, Joo Yun Lee
OBJECTIVES: This study developed and evaluated four mobile applications (apps) that provide tailored nursing recommendations for metabolic syndrome management. METHODS: Mobile apps for obesity, gestational diabetes, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia management were developed according to the system development life cycle and evaluations by experts and users. RESULTS: Six lifestyle management and five disease-specific knowledge domains were extracted...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
A Steinert, M Haesner, E Steinhagen-Thiessen
BACKGROUND: The success of self-monitoring in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus has already been verified in several studies. To date there are a multitude of smartphone apps which support diabetic patients in systematically recording and analyzing relevant health data; however, most of these smartphone apps are primarily developed for a young target group. OBJECTIVE: As part of this study we examined to what extent a smartphone app for self-monitoring is used by older diabetic patients...
June 9, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Molly L Tanenbaum, Harikrashna B Bhatt, Valerie A Thomas, Rena R Wing
Self-monitoring is an effective strategy for chronic disease management; many readily available mobile applications allow tracking of diabetes-related health behaviors but their use has not yet been integrated into routine clinical care. How patients engage with these applications in the real world is not well understood. The specific aim of this study is to survey adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D) regarding self-monitoring behaviors, including mobile application use. In 2015, we surveyed an adult diabetes clinic population (n = 96) regarding self-monitoring behaviors: diet, physical activity, weight, and blood glucose...
June 8, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Kayo Waki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Nihon Rinsho. Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine
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