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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697288/a-systematic-quality-review-of-high-tech-aac-interventions-as-an-evidence-based-practice
#1
Kristi L Morin, Jennifer B Ganz, Emily V Gregori, Margaret J Foster, Stephanie L Gerow, Derya Genç-Tosun, Ee Rea Hong
Although high-tech augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) is commonly used to teach social-communication skills to people with autism spectrum disorder or intellectual disabilities who have complex communication needs, there is a critical need to evaluate the efficacy of this approach. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the quality of single-case experimental design research on the use of high-tech AAC to teach social-communication skills to individuals with autism spectrum disorder or intellectual disabilities who have complex communication needs, to determine if this intervention approach meets the criteria for evidence-based practices as outlined by the What Works Clearinghouse...
April 26, 2018: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681786/information-management-for-the-assistive-technology-provision-in-community-perspectives-of-local-policymakers-and-health-service-providers
#2
Suchitporn Lersilp, Supawadee Putthinoi, Sayaka Okahashi
Background: Assistive technology (AT) is a way to enhance the performance of daily activities in people with disabilities and help them live more independently. However, an important problem in providing AT lies in the effectiveness of information management. Local policymakers and health service providers have become aware of this problem and their perspectives are the key to solving it. Methods: This study explored the types of AT provided for people with disabilities in the community and the perspectives on information management of local policymakers and health service providers...
2018: Occupational Therapy International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681189/autism-inside-out-lessons-from-the-memoirs-of-three-minimally-verbal-youths
#3
Christie Welch, Helene Polatajko, Patty Rigby, Margaret Fitch
BACKGROUND: To date, research exploring experiences and perspectives of people who have severe autism and are minimally verbal, has been sparse. OBJECTIVES: To build new understanding based on insider perspectives of people who have severe autism and are minimally verbal. We took interest in how these perspectives support, challenge, or augment current depictions of autism in academic literature. METHOD: Adopting a descriptive qualitative approach, three memoirs written by youths who have severe autism and are minimally verbal were examined using inductive thematic analysis...
April 23, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652173/a-review-of-commercially-available-point-of-care-devices-to-concentrate-bone-marrow-for-the-treatment-of-osteoarthritis-and-focal-cartilage-lesions
#4
Florian Gaul, William D Bugbee, Heinz R Hoenecke, Darryl D D'Lima
Objective Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a promising cell-based therapy treatment option for several orthopedic indications. Because culture expansion of MSC is time and cost intensive, a bedside concentration of bone marrow (BM) aspirate is used as an alternative. Many commercial systems are available but the available literature and knowledge regarding these systems is limited. We compared different point-of-care devices that concentrate BM (BMC) by focusing on technical features and quality parameters to help surgeons make informed decisions while selecting the appropriate device...
April 1, 2018: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588120/pediatric-hospitalizations-attributable-to-rotavirus-gastroenteritis-among-cambodian-children-seven-years-of-active-surveillance-2010-2016
#5
Nhep Angkeabos, En Rin, Ork Vichit, Choeung Chea, Ngorn Tech, Daniel C Payne, Kimberley Fox, James D Heffelfinger, Varja Grabovac, Batmunkh Nyambat, Sergey Diorditsa, Chham Samnang, Md Shafiqul Hossain
BACKGROUND: Each year, approximately 1,066 Cambodian children under five years old die of diarrhea, and 51% of these deaths are due to rotavirus gastroenteritis. Quantifying childhood hospitalizations caused by severe rotavirus infections is also important in demonstrating disease burden caused by this virus. The objective of this study is to update and confirm the current burden of pediatric hospitalizations attributable to rotavirus gastroenteritis among Cambodian children using seven years of continuous active, prospective surveillance from 2010 to 2016...
March 24, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574496/impact-of-soil-pedogenesis-on-the-diversity-and-composition-of-fungal-communities-across-the-california-soil-chronosequence-of-mendocino
#6
P E Courty, M Buée, J J T Tech, D Brulé, Y Colin, J H J Leveau, S Uroz
Understanding how soil pedogenesis affects microbial communities and their in situ activities according to ecosystem functioning is a central issue in soil microbial ecology, as soils represent essential nutrient reservoirs and habitats for the biosphere. To address this question, soil chronosequences developed from a single, shared mineralogical parent material and having the same climate conditions are particularly useful, as they isolate the factor of time from other factors controlling the character of soils...
March 25, 2018: Mycorrhiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570969/tardive-dyskinesia-recognition-patient-assessment-and-differential-diagnosis
#7
Rakesh Jain, Christoph U Correll
Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is an involuntary movement disorder associated with antipsychotic treatment. Because of the serious and potentially irreversible nature of TD, accurate diagnosis is crucial. However, diagnosing TD can be challenging, since the subtle and often fluctuating symptoms can be easily mistaken for symptoms of mental illness or other side effects. Although the risk of developing TD in relation to treatment with second-generation antipsychotics is lower than that associated with first-generation antipsychotics, the risk still exists and may be greater than once believed...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509077/connecting-older-grandmothers-raising-grandchildren-with-community-resources-improves-family-resiliency-social-support-and-caregiver-self-efficacy
#8
Abhishek Pandey, Kerry Littlewood, Larry Cooper, Julie McCrae, Michelle Rosenthal, Angelique Day, Liliana Hernandez
Custodial grandparenting can be especially challenging for older grandmothers facing age specific issues. Kinship navigator programs are social service delivery programs intended to inform grandparents and other relatives raising children about available resources and services, provide information specific to their individual needs, and help families navigate service systems. Our study utilizes self-report data from one kinship navigator federal demonstration project, which used a randomized control trial, to examine demographic characteristics for grandmothers under and over 55 years of age, whether grandmother caregivers (≥55 years) improve family resilience, social support, and caregiver self-efficacy, and which interventions improved outcomes for grandmothers (≥55 years)...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402241/trial-protocol-a-parallel-group-individually-randomized-clinical-trial-to-evaluate-the-effect-of-a-mobile-phone-application-to-improve-sexual-health-among-youth-in-stockholm-county
#9
Anna Nielsen, Ayesha De Costa, Aspasia Bågenholm, Kristina Gemzell Danielsson, Gaetano Marrone, Jens Boman, Mariano Salazar, Vinod Diwan
BACKGROUND: Genital Chlamydia trachomatis infection is a major public health problem worldwide affecting mostly youth. Sweden introduced an opportunistic screening approach in 1982 accompanied by treatment, partner notification and case reporting. After an initial decline in infection rate till the mid-90s, the number of reported cases has increased over the last two decades and has now stabilized at a high level of 37,000 reported cases in Sweden per year (85% of cases in youth). Sexual risk-taking among youth is also reported to have significantly increased over the last 20 years...
February 5, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318554/evaluation-of-tumor-vasculature-using-a-syngeneic-tumor-model-in-wild-type-and-genetically-modified-mice
#10
Francisco Javier Rodríguez-Baena, Silvia Redondo-García, María Del Carmen Plaza-Calonge, Rubén Fernández-Rodríguez, Juan Carlos Rodríguez-Manzaneque
The relevance of tumor vasculature has been extensively recognized, and it is still the focus of numerous lines of research for basic, translational, and clinical scientists. Indeed, the knowledge of some of its regulatory mechanisms has provoked the generation of ongoing cancer therapies. Within the context of the tumor microenvironment, the information that the analysis of the vasculature provides is very valuable, and it might reveal not just its quality and the response against a specific therapy but also its close relationship with neighboring stromal and tumor players...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286146/immune-response-associated-gene-profiling-in-japanese-melanoma-patients-using-multi-omics-analysis
#11
Yasuto Akiyama, Yoshio Kiyohara, Shusuke Yoshikawa, Masaki Otsuka, Ryota Kondou, Chizu Nonomura, Haruo Miyata, Akira Iizuka, Tadashi Ashizawa, Keiichi Ohshima, Kenichi Urakami, Takeshi Nagashima, Masatoshi Kusuhara, Takashi Sugino, Ken Yamaguchi
Project High-tech Omics-based Patient Evaluation (HOPE), including comprehensive whole-exome sequencing (WES) and gene expression profiling (GEP) using freshly resected tumor specimens, has been in progress since its implementation in 2014. Among a total of 1,685 cancer patients, 13 melanoma patients were registered in the HOPE Project and were characterized using multi-omics analyses. Among the 13 melanoma patients, 4 were deceased, and 9 were alive. The mean overall survival (OS) and relapse‑free survival (RFS) times of the melanoma patients were 16...
March 2018: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251263/4d-tracking-with-ultra-fast-silicon-detectors
#12
Hartmut F-W Sadrozinski, Abraham Seiden, Nicolò Cartiglia
The evolution of particle detectors has always pushed the technological limit in order to provide enabling technologies to researchers in all fields of science. One archetypal example is the evolution of silicon detectors, from a system with a few channels 30 years ago, to the tens of millions of independent pixels currently used to track charged particles in all major particle physics experiments. Nowadays, silicon detectors are ubiquitous not only in research laboratories but in almost every high-tech apparatus, from portable phones to hospitals...
December 18, 2017: Reports on Progress in Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247417/technology-acceptance-perception-for-promotion-of-sustainable-consumption
#13
Aindrila Biswas, Mousumi Roy
Economic growth in the past decades has resulted in change in consumption pattern and emergence of tech-savvy generation with unprecedented increase in the usage of social network technology. In this paper, the technology acceptance value gap adapted from the technology acceptance model has been applied as a tool supporting social network technology usage and subsequent promotion of sustainable consumption. The data generated through the use of structured questionnaires have been analyzed using structural equation modeling...
March 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233429/pharmacy-students-perceptions-of-the-usefulness-of-motivational-interviewing-and-the-use-of-mobile-health-applications-on-patient-counseling-in-the-future
#14
Justin K Owensby, Jan Kavookjian
INTRODUCTION: To explore student pharmacists' perceptions of 1) future patient counseling, 2) use of mobile health applications (mHealth apps), and 3) usefulness of motivational interviewing (MI) in patient encounters and potential app messaging. METHODS: A cross-sectional design with first and second year pharmacy students (n=315) at a multi-campus university after exposure to mHealth app and MI curricular content. A questionnaire assessed perceptions of 1) future patient counseling, 2) using apps for personal use and professional encounters, and 3) potential practicality and usefulness of MI principles/skills in apps messaging...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231701/programmable-and-shape-memorizing-information-carriers
#15
Wenbing Li, Yanju Liu, Jinsong Leng
Shape memory polymers (SMPs) are expected to play more and more important roles in space-deployable structures, smart actuators, and other high-tech areas. Nevertheless, because of the difficulties in fabrication and the programmability of temporary shape recovery, SMPs have not yet been widely applied in real fields. It is ideal to incorporate the different independent functional building blocks into a material. Herein, we designed a simple method to incorporate four functional building blocks: a neat epoxy-based shape memory (neat SMEP) resin, an SMEP composited with Fe3 O4 (SMEP-Fe3 O4 ), an SMEP composited with multiwalled carbon nanotubes, and an SMEP composited with p-aminodiphenylimide into a multicomposite, in which the four region surfaces could be programmed with different language code patterns according to a preset command by imprint lithography...
December 27, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227994/low-cost-low-tech-snp-genotyping-tools-for-resource-limited-areas-plague-in-madagascar-as-a-model
#16
Cedar L Mitchell, Voahangy Andrianaivoarimanana, Rebecca E Colman, Joseph Busch, Heidie Hornstra-O'Neill, Paul S Keim, David M Wagner, Minoarisoa Rajerison, Dawn N Birdsell
BACKGROUND: Genetic analysis of pathogenic organisms is a useful tool for linking human cases together and/or to potential environmental sources. The resulting data can also provide information on evolutionary patterns within a targeted species and phenotypic traits. However, the instruments often used to generate genotyping data, such as single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), can be expensive and sometimes require advanced technologies to implement. This places many genotyping tools out of reach for laboratories that do not specialize in genetic studies and/or lack the requisite financial and technological resources...
December 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119824/an-innovative-health-care-delivery-model-for-children-with-medical-complexity
#17
Anne Elizabeth Glassgow, Molly A Martin, Rachel Caskey, Melishia Bansa, Michael Gerges, Mary Johnson, Monika Marko, Kenita Perry-Bell, Heather J Risser, Peter J Smith, Benjamin Van Voorhees
Children with medical complexity (CMC) account for a disproportionate share of pediatric health-care utilization and cost that is largely attributable to long hospitalizations, frequent hospital readmissions, and high use of emergency departments. In response, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Health Care Innovation Center supports the development and testing of innovative health-care payment and service delivery models. The purpose of this article is to describe the CMS-funded coordinated health care for complex kids (CHECK) program, an innovative system of health-care delivery that provides improved, comprehensive, and well-coordinated services to CMC...
September 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051393/4-dimensional-tracking-with-ultra-fast-silicon-detectors
#18
Hartmut Sadrozinski, Abraham Seiden, Nicolo Cartiglia
The evolution of particle detectors has always pushed the technological limit in order to provide enabling technologies to researchers in all fields of science. One archetypal example is the evolution of silicon detectors, from a system with a few channels 30 years ago, to the tens of millions of independent pixels currently used to track charged particles in all major particle physics experiments. Nowadays, silicon detectors are ubiquitous not only in research laboratories but in almost every high tech apparatus, from portable phones to hospitals...
October 20, 2017: Reports on Progress in Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047452/thermal-transport-in-epitaxial-si1-xgex-alloy-nanowires-with-varying-composition-and-morphology
#19
Alexandros El Sachat, Juan S Reparaz, Jean Spiece, Maria Isabel Alonso, Alejandro R Goni, M Garriga, Pablo Oscar Vaccaro, M R Wagner, Oleg V Kolosov, Clivia M Sotomayor Torres, Francesc Alzina
We report on structural, compositional, and thermal characterization of self-assembled in-plane epitaxial Si1-xGex alloy nanowires grown by molecular beam epitaxy on Si (001) substrates. The thermal properties were studied by means of scanning thermal microscopy, while the microstructural characteristics, the spatial distribution of the elemental composition of the alloy nanowires and the sample surface were investigated by transmission electron microscopy and energy dispersive x-ray microanalysis. We provide new insights regarding the morphology of the in-plane nanostructures, their size-dependent gradient chemical composition, and the formation of a 5 nm thick wetting layer on the Si substrate surface...
October 19, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966546/tic-treatment-goes-tech-a-review-of-tichelper-com
#20
Christine A Conelea, Brianna C M Wellen
TicHelper.com ("TicHelper") is an interactive online treatment program for youth with chronic tic disorders (CTDs) or Tourette Syndrome (TS) and their parents. It is based on Comprehensive Behavioral Intervention for Tics (CBIT), an individual, outpatient therapy protocol shown to effectively reduce tics in randomized controlled trials. The TicHelper website offers a user-friendly dashboard that is effective in making it easy to navigate through different treatment modules. Modules parallel core CBIT procedures and consist of interactive exercises, informational videos, and self-report ratings...
August 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Practice
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