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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228832/digital-pupillometry-in-normal-subjects
#1
Annekatrin Rickmann, Maria Waizel, Sara Kazerounian, Peter Szurman, Helmut Wilhelm, Karl T Boden
The aim of this study was to evaluate the pupil size of normal subjects at different illumination levels with a novel pupillometer. The pupil size of healthy study participants was measured with an infrared-video PupilX pupillometer (MEye Tech GmbH, Alsdorf, Germany) at five different illumination levels (0, 0.5, 4, 32, and 250 lux). Measurements were performed by the same investigator. Ninety images were executed during a measurement period of 3 seconds. The absolute linear camera resolution was approximately 20 pixels per mm...
February 2017: Neuro-ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209948/-digital-technology-in-clinical-surgery-and-rehabilitation
#2
O E Karpov, P S Vetshev, V D Daminov, S A Epifanov, A A Zuev, P D Kuzmin, D A Makhnev
: This article is devoted to a very actual and insufficiently imagine in the literature theme - innovation and digital technologies in clinical surgery and rehabilitation. AIM: To schow posibilities of modern digital and information technologies in clinical practice based on the experience of the Pirogov Center. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Analysis of experience in the application of innovative technologies, robotic surgery, intraoperative navigation computer, robotic systems in medical rehabilitation, integrated operating room, surgical video communication systems in service of those doing the Pirogov Center for the past 10 years...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183323/the-tech-home-study-a-technological-intervention-to-reduce-caregiver-burden-for-informal-caregivers-of-people-with-dementia-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Agneta Malmgren Fänge, Steven M Schmidt, Maria H Nilsson, Gunilla Carlsson, Anna Liwander, Caroline Dahlgren Bergström, Paolo Olivetti, Per Johansson, Carlos Chiatti
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that global dementia rates will more than triple by 2050 and result in a staggering economic burden on families and societies. Dementia carries significant physical, psychological and social challenges for individuals and caregivers. Informal caregiving is common and increasing as more people with dementia are being cared for at home instead of in nursing homes. Caregiver burden is associated with lower perceived health, lower social coherence, and increased risk of morbidity and mortality...
February 9, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156049/modifying-the-sleep-treatment-education-program-for-students-to-include-technology-use-steps-tech-intervention-effects-on-objective-and-subjective-sleep-outcomes
#4
Larissa K Barber, Maria S Cucalon
University students often have sleep issues that arise from poor sleep hygiene practices and technology use patterns. Yet, technology-related behaviors are often neglected in sleep hygiene education. This study examined whether the Sleep Treatment Education Program for Students-modified to include information regarding managing technology use (STEPS-TECH)-helps improve both subjective and objective sleep outcomes among university students. Results of an experimental study among 78 university students showed improvements in objective indicators of sleep quantity (total sleep time) and sleep quality (less awakenings) during the subsequent week for students in the STEPS-TECH intervention group compared to a control group...
February 3, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150863/double-immunodiffusion-assay-for-detecting-specific-antibodies-ouchterlony
#5
Peter Hornbeck
The method first described by Ouchterlony in 1948 is a classic and simple technique that permits evaluation and comparison of antibodies in animal or human sera directed against protein or complex carbohydrate antigens. It is a low-tech procedure that may provide information on the relative quantity of antibody activity and the nature of the antigenic epitopes in different preparations. © 2017 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
February 2, 2017: Current Protocols in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118172/knowledge-perceptions-and-attitudes-toward-pelvic-organ-prolapse-and-urinary-incontinence-in-spanish-speaking-latinas
#6
Elisha Jackson, Loretta Hernandez, Veronica T Mallett, T Ignacio Montoya
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to explore individual views and perceptions of Spanish-speaking Latinas living on the US/Mexico border toward pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and urinary incontinence (UI), including awareness of conditions, implications of diagnoses, knowledge, and attitudes toward available treatment options. METHODS: Spanish-speaking Latina women were recruited from clinics at Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center El Paso. Focus group discussions were conducted, addressing topics including female pelvic anatomy, perceived etiology and course of POP and UI, and attitudes toward treatment options...
January 24, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089512/paleozoic-nymphal-wing-pads-support-dual-model-of-insect-wing-origins
#7
Jakub Prokop, Martina Pecharová, André Nel, Thomas Hörnschemeyer, Ewa Krzemińska, Wiesław Krzemiński, Michael S Engel
The appearance of wings in insects, early in their evolution [1], has been one of the more critical innovations contributing to their extraordinary diversity. Despite the conspicuousness and importance of wings, the origin of these structures has been difficult to resolve and represented one of the "abominable mysteries" in evolutionary biology [2]. More than a century of debate has boiled the matter down to two competing alternatives-one of wings representing an extension of the thoracic notum, the other stating that they are appendicular derivations from the lateral body wall...
January 23, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060466/progression-in-the-fountain-pen-approach-from-2d-writing-to-3d-free-form-micro-nanofabrication
#8
Jung Ho Je, Jong-Man Kim, Justyn Jaworski
The fountain pen approach, as a means for transferring materials to substrates, has shown numerous incarnations in recent years for creating 2D micro/nanopatterns and even generating 3D free-form nanostructures using a variety of material "inks". While the idea of filled reservoirs used to deliver material to a substrate via a capillary remains unchanged since antiquity, the advent of precise micromanipulation systems and functional material "inks" allows the extension of this mechanism to more high-tech applications...
January 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047791/su-d-206-03-segmentation-assisted-fast-iterative-reconstruction-method-for-cone-beam-ct
#9
P Wu, T Mao, S Gong, J Wang, K Sheng, Y Xie, T Niu
PURPOSE: Total Variation (TV) based iterative reconstruction (IR) methods enable accurate CT image reconstruction from low-dose measurements with sparse projection acquisition, due to the sparsifiable feature of most CT images using gradient operator. However, conventional solutions require large amount of iterations to generate a decent reconstructed image. One major reason is that the expected piecewise constant property is not taken into consideration at the optimization starting point...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047133/su-d-206-04-iterative-cbct-scatter-shading-correction-without-prior-information
#10
Y Bai, P Wu, T Mao, S Gong, J Wang, K Sheng, Y Xie, T Niu
PURPOSE: To estimate and remove the scatter contamination in the acquired projection of cone-beam CT (CBCT), to suppress the shading artifacts and improve the image quality without prior information. METHODS: The uncorrected CBCT images containing shading artifacts are reconstructed by applying the standard FDK algorithm on CBCT raw projections. The uncorrected image is then segmented to generate an initial template image. To estimate scatter signal, the differences are calculated by subtracting the simulated projections of the template image from the raw projections...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968908/epb41-a-novel-hepatoma-susceptibility-gene-dysregulated-by-c-myc-an-integrative-functional-genomics-study
#11
Xinyu Yang, Dianke Yu, Yanli Ren, Jinyu Wei, Wenting Pan, Changchun Zhou, Liqing Zhou, Yu Liu, Ming Yang
BACKGROUND: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have provided insight into cancer genetics. However, molecular mechanisms whereby many susceptibility single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) identified by GWAS promote cancer heritability and risk are unknown. New research strategies to evaluate functionality are needed to systematically study causal genetic variants. METHODS: In this study, we developed an integrative functional genomics method to identify cancer susceptibility SNPs in transcription factor binding sites across the whole genome...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930610/using-mhealth-for-hiv-tb-treatment-support-in-lesotho-enhancing-patient-provider-communication-in-the-start-study
#12
Yael Hirsch-Moverman, Amrita Daftary, Katharine A Yuengling, Suzue Saito, Moeketsi Ntoane, Koen Frederix, Llang B Maama, Andrea A Howard
BACKGROUND: mHealth is a promising means of supporting adherence to treatment. The Start TB patients on ART and Retain on Treatment (START) study included real-time adherence support using short-text messaging service (SMS) text messaging and trained village health workers (VHWs). We describe the use and acceptability of mHealth by patients with HIV/tuberculosis and health care providers. METHODS: Patients and treatment supporters received automated, coded medication and appointment reminders at their preferred time and frequency, using their own phones, and $3...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923012/using-mhealth-for-hiv-tb-treatment-support-in-lesotho-enhancing-patient-provider-communication-in-the-start-study
#13
Yael Hirsch-Moverman, Amrita Daftary, Katharine A Yuengling, Suzue Saito, Moeketsi Ntoane, Koen Frederix, Llang B Maama, Andrea A Howard
BACKGROUND: mHealth is a promising means of supporting adherence to treatment. The Start TB patients on ART and Retain on Treatment (START) study included real-time adherence support using short-text messaging service (SMS) text messaging and trained village health workers (VHWs). We describe the use and acceptability of mHealth by patients with HIV/tuberculosis and health care providers. METHODS: Patients and treatment supporters received automated, coded medication and appointment reminders at their preferred time and frequency, using their own phones, and $3...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899338/high-touch-and-high-tech-ht2-proposal-transforming-patient-engagement-throughout-the-continuum-of-care-by-engaging-patients-with-portal-technology-at-the-bedside
#14
Ann Scheck McAlearney, Cynthia J Sieck, Jennifer L Hefner, Alison M Aldrich, Daniel M Walker, Milisa K Rizer, Susan D Moffatt-Bruce, Timothy R Huerta
BACKGROUND: For patients with complex care needs, engagement in disease management activities is critical. Chronic illnesses touch almost every person in the United States. The costs are real, personal, and pervasive. In response, patients often seek tools to help them manage their health. Patient portals, personal health records tethered to an electronic health record, show promise as tools that patients value and that can improve health. Although patient portals currently focus on the outpatient experience, the Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center (OSUWMC) has deployed a portal designed specifically for the inpatient experience that is connected to the ambulatory patient portal available after discharge...
November 29, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874050/automatic-identification-of-systolic-time-intervals-in-seismocardiogram
#15
Ghufran Shafiq, Sivanagaraja Tatinati, Wei Tech Ang, Kalyana C Veluvolu
Continuous and non-invasive monitoring of hemodynamic parameters through unobtrusive wearable sensors can potentially aid in early detection of cardiac abnormalities, and provides a viable solution for long-term follow-up of patients with chronic cardiovascular diseases without disrupting the daily life activities. Electrocardiogram (ECG) and siesmocardiogram (SCG) signals can be readily acquired from light-weight electrodes and accelerometers respectively, which can be employed to derive systolic time intervals (STI)...
November 22, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867817/evaluating-the-enhancement-and-improvement-of-china-s-technology-and-financial-services-platform-innovation-strategy
#16
Ching-Sung Wu, Kuang-Hua Hu, Fu-Hsiang Chen
The development of high-tech industry has been prosperous around the world in past decades, while technology and finance have already become the most significant issues in the information era. While high-tech firms are a major force behind a country's economic development, it requires a lot of money for the development process, as well as the financing difficulties for its potential problems, thus, how to evaluate and establish appropriate technology and financial services platforms innovation strategy has become one of the most critical and difficult issues...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812375/applying-a-technology-based-system-for-weight-loss-in-adults-with-obesity
#17
R J Rogers, W Lang, B Barone Gibbs, K K Davis, L E Burke, S J Kovacs, L A Portzer, J M Jakicic
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare an in-person, group-based behavioral weight loss intervention to technology-based interventions in adults with obesity. METHODS: Adults (N = 39; body mass index: 39.5 ± 2.8 kg m(-2); age: 39.9 ± 11.5 years) participated in a 6-month program with randomization to one of three intervention groups: standard behavioral weight loss, a technology-based system combined with a monthly intervention telephone call (TECH) or an enhanced technology-based system combined with a monthly intervention telephone call (EN-TECH)...
March 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793306/sustaining-the-success-of-medical-device-innovation
#18
Paul J Fearis, Brandon Craft
Paul Fearis is CEO of Clinvue, Brandon Craft is COO of Clinvue. Clinvue is medical device innovation consultancy specializing in Insight Informed Innovation in the medical industry. Paul and Brandon are also lecturers in innovation for the 'Center for Bioengineering, Innovation & Design' Masters course in Bioengineering Innovation & Design at the Johns Hopkins University, and guest lecturers at Rice University and Virginia Tech.
November 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792241/evaluation-of-a-retrospective-diary-for-peri-conceptual-and-mid-pregnancy-drinking-in-scotland-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Andrew Symon, Jean Rankin, Geraldine Butcher, Lesley Smith, Lynda Cochrane
INTRODUCTION: Heavy episodic ("binge") drinking among women in Scotland is commonplace; prepregnancy drinking is associated with continued antenatal drinking. Evidence for effectiveness of standardized antenatal alcohol assessment is lacking. Alcohol-exposed pregnancies may be missed. We assessed peri-conceptual and mid-pregnancy consumption using a week-long retrospective diary and standard alcohol questionnaires, and evaluated the agreement between these instruments. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study in two Scottish health board areas involving 510 women attending mid-pregnancy ultrasound scan clinics...
January 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785343/auditing-sex-and-gender-based-medicine-sgbm-content-in-medical-school-curriculum-a-student-scholar-model
#20
EDITORIAL
Michael M Song, Betsy G Jones, Robert A Casanova
BACKGROUND: Sex- and gender-based medicine (SGBM) aims to (1) delineate and investigate sex- and gender-based differences in health, disease, and response to treatment and (2) apply that knowledge to clinical care to improve the health of both women and men. However, the integration of SGBM into medical school curricula is often haphazard and poorly defined; schools often do not know the current status of SGBM content in their curricula, even if they are committed to addressing gaps and improving SGBM delivery...
2016: Biology of Sex Differences
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