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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452560/health-care-efficiencies-consolidation-and-alternative-models-vs-health-care-and-antitrust-regulation-irreconcilable-differences
#1
Michael W King
Despite the U.S. substantially outspending peer high income nations with almost 18% of GDP dedicated to health care, on any number of statistical measurements from life expectancy to birth rates to chronic disease, 1 the U.S. achieves inferior health outcomes. In short, Americans receive a very disappointing return on investment on their health care dollars, causing economic and social strain. 2 Accordingly, the debates rage on: what is the top driver of health care spending? Among the culprits: poor communication and coordination among disparate providers, paperwork required by payors and regulations, well-intentioned physicians overprescribing treatments, drugs and devices, outright fraud and abuse, and medical malpractice litigation...
November 2017: American Journal of Law & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431035/patient-perspectives-on-electronic-health-record-accessibility-and-patient-participation-a-questionnaire-survey
#2
Peter Vermeir, Sophie Degroote, Hanne Van Tiggelen, Dominique Vandijck, Renaat Peleman, Rik Verhaeghe, An Mariman, Hubert Vermeersch, Dirk Vogelaers
Objectives To explore patient perceptions on personal comfort with participation in their own care process and on support of this patient participation through electronic health record (EHR) accessibility. Methods Explorative quantitative questionnaire study in ambulatory patients visiting the departments of General Internal Medicine or Head, Neck and Maxillo-Facial Surgery of a Belgian tertiary referral center. Results Patients were recruited by convenience sampling of 438 out of the total of 1270 patients visiting either one of these departments within a time period of two weeks...
February 12, 2018: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395963/what-do-patients-want-from-their-asthma-care-doctors
#3
REVIEW
Bruce K Rubin, Wei Zhao, Tonya A Winders
One of the most important causes of asthma morbidity, hospital admissions, and death is non-adherence to prescribed therapy. It is generally assumed that adherence rates can be increased with asthma education, although well conducted studies have not always supported this assumption. Education can be achieved, or can fail, in many ways and no two patients have the same needs or perceived needs. In order to better understand what children with asthma and their parents or caregivers would desire as support from their physician providers, we conducted a survey of nearly 1000 parents of asthmatic children affiliated with the Asthma and Allergy Network...
November 16, 2017: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395476/exploring-patient-centeredness-the-relationship-between-self-reported-empathy-and-patient-centered-communication-in-medical-trainees
#4
Marianna D LaNoue, Debra L Roter
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationships between self-reported Empathy and the patient-centered communication patterns of physician trainees. METHODS: "Eighty-four 3rd year medical students completed the Jefferson Scale of Empathy (JSE - student version) and had recordings of a single OSCE analyzed using the Roter Interactional Analysis System (RIAS). Correlation and regression were employed to explore the relationships among JSE total score, 3 JSE subscales, 10 composite codes of provider communication, and a summary 'patient centered communication' ratio, reflecting the balance of psychosocial and emotional to biomedical communication of the simulated patient and student...
January 29, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392529/patient-and-family-advisory-councils-pfacs-identifying-challenges-and-solutions-to-support-engagement-in-research
#5
James D Harrison, Wendy G Anderson, Maureen Fagan, Edmondo Robinson, Jeffrey Schnipper, Gina Symczak, Catherine Hanson, Martha B Carnie, Jim Banta, Sherry Chen, Jonathan Duong, Celene Wong, Andrew D Auerbach
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to describe barriers to patient and family advisory council (PFAC) member engagement in research and strategies to support engagement in this context. METHODS: We formed a study team comprising patient advisors, researchers, physicians, and nurses. We then undertook a qualitative study using focus groups and interviews. We invited PFAC members, PFAC leaders, hospital leaders, and researchers from nine academic medical centers that are part of a hospital medicine research network to participate...
February 1, 2018: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380222/cross-cultural-medical-care-training-and-education-a-national-survey-of-pediatric-hematology-oncology-fellows-in-training-and-fellowship-program-directors
#6
Amulya A Nageswara Rao, Deepti M Warad, Amy L Weaver, Cathy D Schleck, Vilmarie Rodriguez
Pediatric hematologists/oncologists face complex situations such as breaking bad news, treatment/clinical trials discussions, and end-of-life/hospice care. With increasing diversity in patient and physician populations, cultural competency and sensitivity training covering different aspects of pediatric hematology/oncology (PDHO) care can help improve health care delivery and reduce disparities. Though it is considered a required component of fellowship training, there is no clearly defined curriculum meant specifically for PDHO fellows-in-training (PDHO-F)...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368586/building-flexibility-and-managing-complexity-in-community-mental-health-lessons-learned-in-a-large-urban-centre
#7
Vicky Stergiopoulos, Dima Saab, Kate Francombe Pridham, Anjana Aery, Arash Nakhost
BACKGROUND: Across many jurisdictions, adults with complex mental health and social needs face challenges accessing appropriate supports due to system fragmentation and strict eligibility criteria of existing services. To support this underserviced population, Toronto's local health authority launched two novel community mental health models in 2014, inspired by Flexible Assertive Community Team principles. This study explores service user and provider perspectives on the acceptability of these services, and lessons learned during early implementation...
January 24, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342985/community-based-health-and-exposure-study-around-urban-oil-developments-in-south-los-angeles
#8
Bhavna Shamasunder, Ashley Collier-Oxandale, Jessica Blickley, James Sadd, Marissa Chan, Sandy Navarro, Michael Hannigan, Nicole J Wong
Oilfield-adjacent communities often report symptoms such as headaches and/or asthma. Yet, little data exists on health experiences and exposures in urban environments with oil and gas development. In partnership with Promotoras de Salud (community health workers), we gathered household surveys nearby two oil production sites in Los Angeles. We tested the capacity of low-cost sensors for localized exposure estimates. Bilingual surveys of 205 randomly sampled residences were collected within two 1500 ft. buffer areas (West Adams and University Park) surrounding oil development sites...
January 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290247/can-we-do-that-here-establishing-the-scope-of-surgical-practice-at-a-new-safety-net-community-hospital-through-a-transparent-collaborative-review-of-physician-privileges
#9
Sean M O'Neill, Sarah Seresinghe, Arun Sharma, Tara A Russell, L'Orangerie Crawford, Stanley K Frencher
PROBLEM DEFINITION: Stewarding of physician privileges wisely is imperative, but no guidelines exist for how to incorporate system-level factors in privileging decisions. A newly opened, safety-net community hospital tailored the scope of surgical practice through review of physician privileges. Martin Luther King, Jr. Community Hospital is a public-private partnership, safety-net institution in South Los Angeles that opened in July 2015. It has 131 beds, including a 28-bed emergency department, a 20-bed ICU, and 5 operating rooms...
January 2018: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284485/patient-experiences-of-engagement-with-care-plans-and-healthcare-professionals-perceptions-of-that-engagement
#10
Mohamad Al-Tannir, Fahad AlGahtani, Amani Abu-Shaheen, Sawsan Al-Tannir, Isamme AlFayyad
BACKGROUND: Although patient engagement is internationally recognized as a core quality indicator of healthcare systems, no report has yet explored patient engagement in Saudi Arabia. Thus, we explored patients' experiences of engagement with healthcare services and assessed physicians' and nurses' perceptions of this engagement. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study on patients and their family members admitted to either the rehabilitation or neurology department of King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
December 29, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235172/scaling-up-child-development-centres-in-bangladesh
#11
N Z Khan, R Sultana, F Ahmed, A B Shilpi, N Sultana, G L Darmstadt
BACKGROUND: Child Development Centres (CDCs) have been established within government medical college tertiary hospitals across Bangladesh. Services entail a parent-professional partnership in a child and family friendly environment with a focus on assessment, diagnosis, and management of a range of neurodevelopmental disorders in children and adolescents 0-16 years of age. Services are provided by a multidisciplinary team of professionals (child health physician, child psychologist, and developmental therapist) who emphasize quality of services over the numbers of children seen...
January 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218667/the-novel-trial-natural-orifice-versus-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-prospective-randomized-evaluation
#12
Steven D Schwaitzberg, Kurt Roberts, John R Romanelli, David J Desilets, David Earle, Santiago Horgan, Lee Swanstrom, Eric Hungness, Nathaniel Soper, Michael L Kochman
INTRODUCTION: The evolution of Natural Orifice Translumenal Endoscopic Surgery® (NOTES®) represents a case study in surgical procedural evolution. Beginning in 2004 with preclinical feasibility studies, and followed by the creation of the NOSCAR® collaboration between The Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons and the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, procedural development followed a stepwise incremental pathway. The work of this consortium has included white paper analyses, obtaining outside independent funding for basic science and procedural development, and, ultimately, the initiation of a prospective randomized clinical trial comparing NOTES® cholecystectomy as an alternative procedure to laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
December 7, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206057/school-nurse-asthma-program-reduces-healthcare-utilization-in-children-with-persistent-asthma
#13
Michelle Trivedi, Janki Patel, Darleen Lessard, Ted Kremer, Nancy Byatt, Wanda Phipatanakul, Lori Pbert, Robert Goldberg
OBJECTIVE: We examined the impact of a novel, school nurse-supervised asthma therapy program on healthcare utilization. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed charts of 84 children enrolled in this program in central Massachusetts between 2012 and 2015. Physicians identified children with persistent asthma and poor medication adherence. These children were enrolled in the program to receive daily-inhaled corticosteroid at school, supervised by their school nurse, with ongoing communication between physician's office and school nurse through the school year...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200525/mental-health-care-during-the-ebola-virus-disease-outbreak-in-sierra-leone
#14
Stania Kamara, Anna Walder, Jennifer Duncan, Antoinet Kabbedijk, Peter Hughes, Andrew Muana
Problem: Reported levels of mental health and psychosocial problems rose during the 2014-2015 Ebola virus disease outbreak in Sierra Leone. Approach: As part of the emergency response, existing plans to create mental health units within the existing hospital framework were brought forward. A nurse-led mental health and psychosocial support service, with an inpatient liaison service and an outpatient clinic, was set up at the largest government hospital in the country...
December 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192570/-patients-and-physicians-creating-a-research-agenda-together-the-method-of-the-british-james-lind-alliance
#15
C G Schoemaker, A B J Prakken, E F Furth
The British James Lind Alliance (JLA) has developed a method to allow practitioners, patients and family members together to develop a research agenda for a disease or a form of treatment. In a 'priority setting partnership', they gradually establish a top-10 list of the most important unanswered research questions. Input from patients and their relatives is given the same weight when determining priorities as that from practitioners. More than 50 of these top-10 lists have been created so far, one of which was created in the Netherlands...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188544/keystrokes-mouse-clicks-and-gazing-at-the-computer-how-physician-interaction-with-the-ehr-affects-patient-participation
#16
Richard L Street, Lin Liu, Neil J Farber, Yunan Chen, Alan Calvitti, Nadir Weibel, Mark T Gabuzda, Kristin Bell, Barbara Gray, Steven Rick, Shazia Ashfaq, Zia Agha
BACKGROUND: Evidence is mixed regarding how physicians' use of the electronic health record (EHR) affects communication in medical encounters. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the different ways physicians interact with the computer (mouse clicks, key strokes, and gaze) vary in their effects on patient participation in the consultation, physicians' efforts to facilitate patient involvement, and silence. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational study of video and event recordings of primary care and specialty consultations...
November 29, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178303/aanem-choosing-wisely-second-list
#17
(no author information available yet)
Choosing Wisely is an initiative of the ABIM Foundation in partnership with Consumer Reports that seeks to advance a national dialogue on avoiding wasteful or unnecessary medical tests, treatments and procedures. The American Association for Neuromuscular & Electrodiagnostic Medicine's (AANEM) Professional Practice Committee (PPC) identified areas in neuromuscular and electrodiagnostic medicine that have the greatest potential for overuse/misuse and provided five recommendations for both patients and physicians to consider before proceeding with the specified test or treatment...
November 27, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152329/patient-physician-collaboration-in-rheumatology-a-necessity
#18
Elena Nikiphorou, Alessia Alunno, Loreto Carmona, Marios Kouloumas, Johannes Bijlsma, Maurizio Cutolo
Over the past few decades, there has been significant and impressive progress in the understanding and management of rheumatic diseases. One of the key reasons for succeeding in making this progress has been the increasingly stronger partnership between physicians and patients, setting a milestone in patient care. In this viewpoint, we discuss the recent evolution of the physician-patient relationship over time in Europe, reflecting on the 'journey' from behind the clinic walls through to clinical and research collaborations at national and international level and the birth of healthcare professional and 'rheumatic' patient organisations...
2017: RMD Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147675/newborn-screening-for-sickle-cell-disease-in-st-vincent-and-the-grenadines-results-of-a-pilot-newborn-screening-program
#19
Shelly-Ann Williams, Beneka Browne-Ferdinand, Ynolde Smart, Kristen Morella, Susan G Reed, Julie Kanter
Objective: To pilot a newborn screening program for sickle cell disease (SCD) in St. Vincent and the Grenadines using a novel partnership method to determine the feasibility of a universal newborn screening program in this country. Methods: A prospective study of mothers and their newborns was conducted between January 1, 2015, and November 1, 2015, at the country's main hospital. Mothers of infants born at this hospital were offered screening for SCD for their infants. If accepted, the newborn's heel-stick blood specimen was obtained and mailed to the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control Newborn Screening Laboratory for testing...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144599/assessing-social-values-for-california-s-efforts-to-reduce-the-overuse-of-unnecessary-medical-care
#20
Susan L Perez, Desiree Backman, Marge Ginsburg
BACKGROUND: A partnership of large health-care purchasers created a workgroup to reduce the overuse of harmful and wasteful medical care in California. OBJECTIVE: Employ a civic engagement process to identify the social values important to the public in considering different strategies to reduce overuse. INTERVENTION: Use of deliberation techniques for 3 case examples that explore possible strategies: physician oversight, physician compensation, increased patient cost-sharing or taking no definitive action...
November 16, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
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