keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

southern

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151097/the-dancing-manias-psychogenic-illness-as-a-social-phenomenon
#1
Douglas J Lanska
The dancing mania erupted in the 14th century in the wake of the Black Death, and recurred for centuries in central Europe - particularly Germany, the Netherlands, and Belgium - finally abating in the early 17th century. The term "dancing mania" was derived from "choreomania," a concatenation of choros (dance) and mania (madness). A variant, tarantism, was prevalent in southern Italy from the 15th to the 17th centuries, and was attributed at the time to bites from the tarantula spider. Affected individuals participated in continuous, prolonged, erratic, often frenzied and sometimes erotic, dancing...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150905/sarcoptic-mange-in-wombats-a-review-and-future-research-directions
#2
REVIEW
J M Old, C Sengupta, E Narayan, J Wolfenden
Sarcoptic mange is caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei and has recently been recognized as an emerging infectious disease of wildlife worldwide. The mite is one of the main causes of population decline in southern hairy-nosed (Lasiorhinus latifrons) and bare-nosed wombats (Vombatus ursinus). This review focuses on Sarcoptes scabiei infestations in wombats and provides insights into why the disease may be so prevalent in wombats. Current treatment practices and trials conducted in the field to reduce the incidence of sarcoptic mange in wombats are described and critically reviewed...
November 18, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150325/ilex-paraguariensis-potential-antioxidant-on-aluminium-toxicity-in-an-experimental-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#3
Pâmela M Bortoli, Carla Alves, Eduarda Costa, Ana Paula Vanin, Jéssica R Sofiatti, Diego P Siqueira, Rogério M Dallago, Helen Treichel, Gean Delise L P Vargas, Rosilene R Kaizer
Ilex paraguariensis, yerba mate is a native plant from the southern region of Brazil. Studies showed that yerba mate has an antioxidant potential, which could help to reduce the risk of developing neurodegenerative diseases, as Alzheimer's Disease (AD). It's known that I. paraguariensis grows in acid soils with aluminium (Al), which is bioavailable in these soils. Al has a neurotoxic potential related with the progression of neurological disorders. This study aim was to evaluate the potential of I. paraguariensis in the etiology of AD using strains of Caenorhabditis elegans and the concentration of Al and antioxidants in the yerba mate extract...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149953/myocardial-perfusion-scans-and-mortality-in-asymptomatic-patients-awaiting-renal-transplantation
#4
A Jauhal, S Harenberg, J J Crawford, I Bare, B Prasad, L Zahorski, G Ollenberger, V Trivedi, V Chopra, A Shoker, A Lavoie, P Dehghani
Cardiac risk assessment for asymptomatic patients awaiting renal transplantation is controversial. Patients awaiting renal transplantation in Southern Saskatchewan from 2005 to 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients underwent cardiac risk stratification with stress myocardial perfusion scan. Baseline clinical characteristics, nuclear scan results, all-cause mortality, and cardiovascular events were analyzed. Abnormal scans were defined as studies with reversible defects, wall motion abnormalities, lung uptake, or transient ischemic dilation...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149672/the-application-of-bacteriophages-as-novel-indicators-of-viral-pathogens-in-wastewater-treatment-systems
#5
Edgard Dias, James Ebdon, Huw Taylor
Many wastewater treatment technologies have been shown to remove bacterial pathogens more effectively than viral pathogens and, in aquatic environments, levels of traditional faecal indicator bacteria (FIB) do not appear to correlate consistently with levels of human viral pathogens. There is, therefore, a need for novel viral indicators of faecal pollution and surrogates of viral pathogens, especially given the increasing importance of indirect and direct wastewater reuse. Potential candidates include bacteriophages (phages) and the study described here sought to elucidate the relationship between three groups of phages (somatic coliphages (SOMPH), F-RNA coliphages (F-RNAPH) and human-specific phages infecting B...
November 9, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149064/who-participates-in-the-great-shakeout-why-audience-segmentation-is-the-future-of-disaster-preparedness-campaigns
#6
Rachel M Adams, Beth Karlin, David P Eisenman, Johanna Blakley, Deborah Glik
Background: In 2008, the Southern California Earthquake Center in collaboration with the U.S. Geological Survey Earthquake Hazards Program launched the first annual Great ShakeOut, the largest earthquake preparedness drill in the history of the United States. Materials and Methods: We collected online survey data from 2052 campaign registrants to assess how people participated, whether audience segments shared behavioral patterns, and whether these segments were associated with five social cognitive factors targeted by the ShakeOut campaign...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148402/incidence-and-prevalence-of-axial-spondyloarthritis-methodologic-challenges-and-gaps-in-the-literature
#7
Rhonda Bohn, Maureen Cooney, Atul Deodhar, Jeffrey R Curtis, Amanda Golembesky
OBJECTIVES: The incidence and prevalence of axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA), including ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and non-radiographic (nr-)axSpA, have been investigated in multiple populations, though there is a paucity of population-level data. Here, we identify population-based studies in AS and nr-axSpA, and describe the methodologic challenges in conducting these, outlining potential reasons for disparate incidence and prevalence estimates. METHODS: PubMed and Embase were searched for population-based studies providing incidence and prevalence rates, published in English from 1 Jan 2000-30 Jun 2015...
November 14, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148388/avian-influenza-h7n9-viruses-co-circulating-among-chickens-southern-china
#8
Nianchen Wang, Minhua Sun, Wenqing Wang, Guowen Ouyang, Zuxian Chen, You Zhang, Bingbing Zhao, Siyu Wu, Jianni Huang, Hailiang Sun, Ming Liao, Peirong Jiao
In April 2017, three avian influenza (H7N9) viruses were isolated from chickens in southern China. Each virus had different insertion points in the cleavage site of the hemagglutinin protein compared to the first identified H7N9 virus. We determined that these viruses were double or triple reassortant viruses.
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147988/phytoextraction-with-salix-viminalis-in-a-moderately-to-strongly-contaminated-area
#9
Dávid Tőzsér, Sándor Harangi, Edina Baranyai, Gyula Lakatos, Zoltán Fülöp, Béla Tóthmérész, Edina Simon
We tested the suitability of Salix viminalis for phytoextraction with the analysis of selected elements in soil, root, and leaf, and by visual tree condition assessment in an area with varying levels of contamination. Bioconcentration factor (BCF) and translocation factor (TF) were used to assess the phytoextraction potential of willows. The middle part of the study area was strongly contaminated, while the northern and southern parts were moderately contaminated. We found increasing element concentrations toward deeper layers...
November 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147987/dynamics-of-natural-revegetation-of-hydrocarbon-contaminated-soil-and-remediation-potential-of-indigenous-plant-species-in-the-steppe-zone-of-the-southern-volga-uplands
#10
Leonid Panchenko, Anna Muratova, Ekaterina Dubrovskaya, Sergey Golubev, Olga Turkovskaya
The result of monitoring of natural vegetation growing on oil-contaminated (2.0-75.6 g/kg) and uncontaminated (0.04-2.0 g/kg) soils of a petroleum refinery for a period of 13 years is presented. Floristic studies showed that the families Poaceae, Asteraceae, Fabaceae, and eventually Brassicaceae were predominant in the vegetation cover of both types of soils. Over time, the projective vegetation cover of the contaminated sites increased from 46 to 90%; the species diversity increased twofold: in the ecological-cenotic structure of the flora, the number of ruderal plant species decreased; and the number of steppe, i...
November 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147792/characterization-of-a-novel-single-stranded-rna-mycovirus-related-to-invertebrate-viruses-from-the-plant-pathogen-verticillium-dahliae
#11
M Carmen Cañizares, Francisco J López-Escudero, Encarnación Pérez-Artés, María D García-Pedrajas
Fungal viruses, also known as mycoviruses, are widespread in all major groups of fungi. Mycoviruses from plant pathogens can reduce the virulence of their host fungus and have therefore potential as biological control agents. This has spurred the identification of novel mycoviruses in plant pathogens, research which is greatly contributing to our understanding of these organisms. In this work, we report the characterization of a novel monopartite mycovirus from Verticillium dahliae, the main causal agent of Verticillium wilt...
November 16, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147780/the-effect-of-removing-numerically-dominant-non-native-honey-bees-on-seed-set-of-a-native-plant
#12
Annika J Nabors, Henry J Cen, Keng-Lou J Hung, Joshua R Kohn, David A Holway
Pollination services are compromised by habitat destruction, land-use intensification, pesticides, and introduced species. How pollination services respond to such stressors depends on the capacity of pollinator assemblages to function in the face of environmental disruption. Here, we quantify how pollination services provided to a native plant change upon removal of the non-native, western honey bee (Apis mellifera)-a numerically dominant floral visitor in the native bee-rich ecosystems of southern California...
November 16, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147057/lessons-learnt-during-20-years-of-the-swedish-strategic-programme-against-antibiotic-resistance
#13
Sigvard Mölstad, Sonja Löfmark, Karin Carlin, Mats Erntell, Olov Aspevall, Lars Blad, Håkan Hanberger, Katarina Hedin, Jenny Hellman, Christer Norman, Gunilla Skoog, Cecilia Stålsby-Lundborg, Karin Tegmark Wisell, Christina Åhrén, Otto Cars
Increasing use of antibiotics and rising levels of bacterial resistance to antibiotics are a challenge to global health and development. Successful initiatives for containing the problem need to be communicated and disseminated. In Sweden, a rapid spread of resistant pneumococci in the southern part of the country triggered the formation of the Swedish strategic programme against antibiotic resistance, also known as Strama, in 1995. The creation of the programme was an important starting point for long-term coordinated efforts to tackle antibiotic resistance in the country...
November 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147020/integrative-taxonomy-methods-reveal-high-mealybug-hemiptera-pseudococcidae-diversity-in-southern-brazilian-fruit-crops
#14
Vitor C Pacheco da Silva, Mehmet Bora Kaydan, Thibaut Malausa, Jean-François Germain, Ferran Palero, Marcos Botton
The Serra Gaúcha region is the most important temperate fruit-producing area in southern Brazil. Despite mealybugs (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) infesting several host plants in the region, there is a lack of information about the composition of species damaging different crops. A survey of mealybug species associated with commercial fruit crops (apple, persimmon, strawberry and grapes) was performed in Serra Gaúcha between 2013 and 2015, using both morphology and DNA analyses for species identification. The most abundant species were Pseudococcus viburni (Signoret), found on all four host plant species, and Dysmicoccus brevipes (Cockerell), infesting persimmon, vines and weeds...
November 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146962/microbial-communities-in-the-native-habitats-of-agaricus-sinodeliciosus-from-xinjiang-province-revealed-by-amplicon-sequencing
#15
Jiemin Zhou, Xuming Bai, Ruilin Zhao
Agaricus sinodeliciosus is an edible species described from China and has been successfully cultivated. However, no studies have yet reported the influence factors implicated in the process of fructification. To better know abiotic and biotic factors, physiochemical characteristics and microbial communities were investigated in five different soil samples collected in the native habitats of specimens from northern Xinjiang, southern Xinjiang, and Zhejiang Province, respectively. There are major differences in texture and morphology among different specimens of A...
November 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146515/family-history-of-zoster-risk-of-developing-herpes-zoster
#16
Hung Fu Tseng, Margaret Chi, Peggy Hung, Rafael Harpaz, D Scott Schmid, Philip LaRussa, Lina S Sy, Yi Luo, Kimberly Holmquist, Harpreet Takhar, Steven J Jacobsen
BACKGROUND: Studies have investigated a possible association between family history of HZ and the occurrence of HZ. However, the results were inconclusive and susceptible to bias. We evaluated this association in an elderly population. METHODS: The matched case-control study conducted at Kaiser Permanente Southern California in 2012-2015 included 656 incident HZ patients ≥60 whose skin lesion tested positive for varicella zoster virus by polymerase chain reaction...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146386/the-risk-of-symptomatic-knee-osteoarthritis-after-arthroscopic-meniscus-repair-vs-partial-meniscectomy-vs-the-general-population
#17
Fredrik Persson, Aleksandra Turkiewicz, Dan Bergkvist, Paul Neuman, Martin Englund
OBJECTIVE: To compare consultation rate for knee osteoarthritis (OA) after meniscus repair, arthroscopic partial meniscectomy (APM), and in general population, respectively. METHOD: We identified patients aged 16-45 years having had meniscus surgery due to traumatic meniscus tear in 1998-2010 in southern Sweden by a healthcare register. Patients were followed from surgery until a diagnosis of knee OA, relocation, death, or December 31(st), 2015. We studied the consultation rate for knee OA compared to the general population...
November 13, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146262/pathogenic-labyrinthula-associated-with-australian-seagrasses-considerations-for-seagrass-wasting-disease-in-the-southern-hemisphere
#18
Stacey M Trevathan-Tackett, Brooke K Sullivan, Katie Robinson, Osu Lilje, Peter I Macreadie, Frank H Gleason
Marine disease ecology is a growing field of research, particularly for host organisms negatively impacted by a changing climate and anthropogenic activities. A decrease in health and increase in susceptibility to disease has been hypothesised as the mechanism behind wide-spread seagrass die-offs related to wasting disease in the past. However, seagrass wasting disease and the causative pathogen, Labyrinthula, have been vastly understudied in the southern hemisphere. Our aim was to build on the current knowledge of Australian Labyrinthula descriptions and phylogeny, while also providing a first look at wasting disease ecology in Australia...
January 2018: Microbiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145767/addressing-geographic-confounding-through-spatial-propensity-scores-a-study-of-racial-disparities-in-diabetes
#19
Melanie L Davis, Brian Neelon, Paul J Nietert, Kelly J Hunt, Lane F Burgette, Andrew B Lawson, Leonard E Egede
Motivated by a study exploring differences in glycemic control between non-Hispanic black and non-Hispanic white veterans with type 2 diabetes, we aim to address a type of confounding that arises in spatially referenced observational studies. Specifically, we develop a spatial doubly robust propensity score estimator to reduce bias associated with geographic confounding, which occurs when measured or unmeasured confounding factors vary by geographic location, leading to imbalanced group comparisons. We augment the doubly robust estimator with spatial random effects, which are assigned conditionally autoregressive priors to improve inferences by borrowing information across neighboring geographic regions...
January 1, 2017: Statistical Methods in Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145617/radiological-impact-of-some-common-foods-of-southern-part-of-west-bengal-india
#20
Biswajit Das, Argha Deb, Saheli Chowdhury
An appreciable portion of human exposure to natural radioactivity comes from food and drinking water. Gross alpha radioactivity has been measured in thirty one food items consumed almost every day by the people of southern part of West Bengal, India, by using the solid state nuclear track detector LR-115. The annual effective doses due to intake of alpha-emitting radionuclides through these food items have also been estimated, and the total average annual dose received by an adultthrough ingestion of these foodstuffs calculated, considering the food habit of the people of the region...
November 14, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
keyword
keyword
427
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"