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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340488/national-and-sub-national-age-sex-specific-and-cause-specific-mortality-and-disability-adjusted-life-years-dalys-attributable-to-household-air-pollution-from-solid-cookfuel-use-hap-in-iran-1990-2013
#1
Mehrnoosh Abtahi, Ali Koolivand, Sina Dobaradaran, Kamyar Yaghmaeian, Anoushiravan Mohseni-Bandpei, Shokooh Sadat Khaloo, Sahand Jorfi, Reza Saeedi
National and sub-national mortality, years of life lost due to premature mortality (YLLs), years lived with disability (YLDs) and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for household air pollution from solid cookfuel use (HAP) in Iran, 1990-2013 were estimated based on the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 (GBD 2013). The burden of disease attributable to HAP was quantified by the comparative risk assessment method using four inputs: (1) exposure to HAP, (2) the theoretical minimum risk exposure level (TMREL), (3) exposure-response relationships of related causes (4) disease burden of related causes...
March 21, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340301/ten-years-of-barcoding-at-the-african-centre-for-dna-barcoding
#2
Simeon Bezeng Bezeng, T Jonathan Davies, Barnabas H Daru, Ronny Mukala Kabongo, Olivier Maurin, Kowiyou Yessoufou, Herman van der Bank, Michelle Van der Bank
The African Centre for DNA Barcoding (ACDB) was established in 2005 as part of a global initiative to accurately and rapidly survey biodiversity using short DNA sequences. The mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase 1 gene (CO1) was rapidly adopted as the de facto barcode for animals. Following the evaluation of several candidate loci for plants, the Plant Working Group of the Consortium for the Barcoding of Life in 2009 recommended that the two plastid genes, rbcLa and matK, be adopted as core DNA barcodes for terrestrial plants...
March 24, 2017: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340230/determinants-of-opioid-prescribing-for-nonmalignant-chronic-pain-in-us-outpatient-settings
#3
Rafia S Rasu, Maureen E Knell
Study Objectives.:  Identify prescribing trends for opioid use in non-malignant chronic pain (NMCP) from the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS). Determine predictors of opioid use based on patient-specific factors. Design.:  This cross-sectional study analyzed NAMCS data from 2000 to 2007. Pain medications prescribed were retrieved using NAMCS drug codes. Multivariate logistic models examined determinants of opioid prescribing among NMCP patients...
March 14, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339497/women-s-knowledge-and-perception-of-male-circumcision-before-and-after-its-roll-out-in-the-south-african-township-of-orange-farm-from-community-based-cross-sectional-surveys
#4
Barbara Maraux, Pascale Lissouba, Reathe Rain-Taljaard, Dirk Taljaard, Julie Bouscaillou, David Lewis, Adrian Puren, Bertran Auvert
The roll-out of medical male circumcision (MC) is progressing in Southern and Eastern Africa. Little is known about the effect of this roll-out on women. The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and perceptions of women regarding MC in a setting before and after the roll-out. This study was conducted in the South African township of Orange Farm where MC prevalence among men increased from 17% to 53% in the period 2008-2010. Data from three community-based cross sectional surveys conducted in 2007, 2010 and 2012 among 1258, 1197 and 2583 adult women, respectively were studied...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339300/genetic-manipulation-by-zinc-finger-nucleases-in-rat-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells
#5
Sheng Yang, Shufang Ding, Qianhua Xu, Xiong Li, Qiong Xiong
Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) have an extensive application in regenerative medicine, pharmaceutical discovery, and basic research. With the recent derivation of rat iPSCs, it is now feasible to apply genetic manipulation in this species. But such tools do not yet exist for many rat strains, especially for disease model rat. The Sprague Dawley (SD) rat is an inbred disease model for hypertension, nephropathy, pulmonary hypertension, depression, and alcohol consumption. In this study, the SD rat iPSCs were generated using lentiviral method...
March 24, 2017: Cellular Reprogramming
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338766/a-multi-proxy-assessment-of-dieback-causes-in-a-mediterranean-oak-species
#6
Michele Colangelo, J Julio Camarero, Giovanna Battipaglia, Marco Borghetti, Veronica De Micco, Tiziana Gentilesca, Francesco Ripullone
Drought stress causes forest dieback that is often explained by two interrelated mechanisms, namely hydraulic failure and carbon starvation. However, it is still unclear which functional and structural alterations, related to these mechanisms, predispose to dieback. Here we apply a multi-proxy approach for the characterization of tree structure (radial growth, wood anatomy) and functioning (δ13C, δ18O and non-structural carbohydrates (NSCs)) in tree rings before and after drought-induced dieback. We aim to discriminate which is the main mechanism and to assess which variables can act as early-warning proxies of drought-triggered damage...
February 9, 2017: Tree Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337681/morphological-and-molecular-evidence-on-the-existence-of-a-single-estuarine-and-rocky-intertidal-acanthocephalan-species-of-profilicollis-meyer-1931-acanthocephala-polymorphidae-along-the-atlantic-and-pacific-coasts-of-southern-south-america
#7
Sara M Rodríguez, Julia I Diaz, Guillermo D'Elía
Profilicollis chasmagnathi Holcman-Spector, Mañé-Garzón & Dei-Cas, 1977 (Acanthocephala: Polymorphidae) has been reported to parasitise different grapsid species as intermediate hosts along the South Atlantic shores, i.e. Cyrtograpsus angulatus (Dana) and Neohelice granulata (Dana) in Uruguay and Cyrtograpsus altimanus (Rathbun) in Argentina. Larvae of a similar acanthocephalan described as Profilicollis antarcticus Zdzitowiecki, 1985 were recorded in the crab Hemigrapsus crenulatus (Milne-Edwards) from an estuarine habitat on the Southeast Pacific shore in Chile...
March 23, 2017: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337211/nutritional-biophysical-and-physiological-characteristics-of-wild-rocket-genotypes-as-affected-by-soilless-cultivation-system-salinity-level-of-nutrient-solution-and-growing-period
#8
Anna Bonasia, Corrado Lazzizera, Antonio Elia, Giulia Conversa
With the aim of defining the best management of nutrient solution (NS) in a soilless system for obtaining high quality baby-leaf rocket, the present study focuses on two wild rocket genotypes ("Nature" and "Naturelle"), grown in a greenhouse under two Southern Italy growing conditions-autumn-winter (AW) and winter-spring (WS)-using two soilless cultivation systems (SCS)-at two electrical conductivity values (EC) of NS. The SCSs used were the Floating System (FS) and Ebb and Flow System (EFS) and the EC values were 2...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336714/my-life-with-elephants
#9
Sarad Paudel
Born and raised in western Nepal, Sarad Paudel saw his first elephant at Chitwan National Park, southern Nepal, and resolved to build his career around them.
March 25, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336563/complex-multifault-rupture-during-the-2016-mw-7-8-kaik%C3%A5-ura-earthquake-new-zealand
#10
Ian J Hamling, Sigrun Hreinsdóttir, Kate Clark, John Elliott, Cunren Liang, Eric Fielding, Nicola Litchfield, Pilar Villamor, Laura Wallace, Tim J Wright, Elisabetta D'Anastasio, Stephen Bannister, David Burbidge, Paul Denys, Paula Gentle, Jamie Howarth, Christof Mueller, Neville Palmer, Chris Pearson, William Power, Philip Barnes, David J A Barrell, Russ Van Dissen, Robert Langridge, Tim Little, Andrew Nicol, Jarg Pettinga, Julie Rowland, Mark Stirling
On 14th November 2016, the northeastern South Island of New Zealand was struck by a major Mw 7.8 earthquake. Field observations, in conjunction with InSAR, GPS, and seismology reveal this to be one of the most complex earthquakes ever recorded. The rupture propagated northward for more than 170 km along both mapped and unmapped faults, before continuing offshore at its northeastern extent. Geodetic and field observations reveal surface ruptures along at least 12 major faults, including possible slip along the southern Hikurangi subduction interface, extensive uplift along much of the coastline and widespread anelastic deformation including the ~8 m uplift of a fault-bounded block...
March 23, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336466/global-trends-and-predictions-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-mortality
#11
Paola Bertuccio, Federica Turati, Greta Carioli, Teresa Rodriguez, Carlo La Vecchia, Matteo Malvezzi, Eva Negri
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been one of the few cancers showing upward trends over recent decades in most countries, and is the third cause of cancer death worldwide. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We updated global trends in HCC mortality to 2014, and predicted trends in rates in the EU, USA and Japan to 2020, using data from the World Health Organization database. RESULTS: In EU men, mortality rates were stable in the last decade around 3...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336209/transboundary-movement-of-marine-litter-in-an-estuarine-gradient-evaluating-sources-and-sinks-using-hydrodynamic-modelling-and-ground-truthing-estimates
#12
Allan Paul Krelling, Mihael Machado Souza, Allan Thomas Williams, Alexander Turra
Marine debris' transboundary nature and new strategies to identify sources and sinks in coastal areas were investigated along the Paranaguá estuarine gradient (southern Brazil), through integration of hydrodynamic modelling, ground truthing estimates and regressive vector analysis. The simulated release of virtual particles in different parts of the inner estuary suggests a residence time shorter than 5days before being exported through the estuary mouth (intermediate compartment) to the open ocean. Stranded litter supported this pathway, with beaches in the internal compartment presenting proportionally more items from domestic sources, while fragmented items with unknown sources were proportionally more abundant in the oceanic beaches...
March 20, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336103/25-hydroxyvitamin-d-is-differentially-associated-with-calcium-intakes-of-northern-central-and-southern-european-adolescents-results-from-the-helena-study
#13
Cristina Julian, Marcela González-Gross, Christina Breidenassel, Theodora Mouratidou, Germán Vicente-Rodriguez, Luis Gracia-Marco, Marika Ferrari, Kurt Widhalm, Dénes Molnár, Anthony Kafatos, Frederic Gottrand, Yannis Manios, Alejandro de la O, Mathilde Kersting, Stefaan De Henauw, Marc J Gunter, Luis A Moreno, Inge Huybrechts
OBJECTIVES: Adolescents in the European Union (EU) exhibit a higher prevalence of vitamin D (VitD) deficiency than other age groups. The degree to which sunlight exposure 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations depends on a variety of factors, including diet. Nevertheless, the relationship between calcium and VitD intake and 25(OH)D concentrations has not been previously studied among adolescents living in different EU countries and consequently in different latitudes. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine whether calcium and VitD intakes are differentially associated with 25(OH)D in adolescents from northern, central and southern EU countries...
April 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336095/chlorinated-pesticides-and-natural-brominated-anisoles-in-air-at-three-northern-baltic-stations
#14
Terry F Bidleman, Hjalmar Laudon, Olle Nygren, Staffan Svanberg, Mats Tysklind
Polyurethane foam (PUF) disk passive samplers were deployed at one inland and two island locations in the Bothnian Bay region of the northern Baltic Sea. Uptake was linear over 81-147 d and a temperature range of -2.6 to 14.2 °C for organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and current-use pesticides (CUPs) having log KOA ≥9 at ambient temperatures. Partial saturation of the PUF disks occurred for the more volatile OCPs hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs) and hexachlorobenzene (HCB), and for bromoanisoles (BAs), which are products of bromophenols released by natural and anthropogenic sources...
March 20, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336090/trace-metal-behavior-in-sediments-of-jiulong-river-estuary-and-implication-for-benthic-exchange-fluxes
#15
Wenhao Wang, Wen-Xiong Wang
Severe metal pollution due to industrial effluents releases has been documented in Jiulong River estuary, Southern China. However, integrated understanding of trace metal behavior in the sediment is lacking. In the present study, DGT (diffusive gradients in thin films) technique was employed together with sediment cores to study the porewater dynamics of trace metals as well as the benthic exchange fluxes from four sampling sites over three different months. The sedimentary environment showed distinct spatial and temporal variations due to effluent discharge and biological activities...
March 20, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335735/population-diversity-of-the-genetically-determined-ttr-expression-in-human-tissues-and-its-implications-in-ttr-amyloidosis
#16
Andrea Iorio, Flavio De Angelis, Marco Di Girolamo, Marco Luigetti, Luca G Pradotto, Anna Mazzeo, Sabrina Frusconi, Filomena My, Dario Manfellotto, Maria Fuciarelli, Renato Polimanti
BACKGROUND: Transthyretin (TTR) amyloidosis is a hereditary disease with a complex genotype-phenotype correlation. We conducted a literature survey to define the clinical landscape of TTR amyloidosis across populations worldwide. Then, we investigated whether the genetically determined TTR expression differs among human populations, contributing to the differences observed in patients. Polygenic scores for genetically determined TTR expression in 14 clinically relevant tissues were constructed using data from the GTEx (Genotype-Tissue Expression) project and tested in the samples from the 1,000 Genomes Project...
March 23, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335473/assessment-of-antioxidant-and-cytoprotective-potential-of-jatropha-jatropha-curcas-grown-in-southern-italy
#17
Teresa Papalia, Davide Barreca, Maria Rosaria Panuccio
Jatropha (Jatropha curcas L.) is a plant native of Central and South America, but widely distributed in the wild or semi-cultivated areas in Africa, India, and South East Asia. Although studies are available in literature on the polyphenolic content and bioactivity of Jatropha curcas L., no information is currently available on plants grown in pedoclimatic and soil conditions different from the autochthon regions. The aim of the present work was to characterize the antioxidant system developed by the plant under a new growing condition and to evaluate the polyphenol amount in a methanolic extract of leaves...
March 18, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334503/the-fetal-safety-of-clomiphene-citrate-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study
#18
Asher Weller, Sharon Daniel, Gideon Koren, Eitan Lunenfeld, Amalia Levy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether exposure to CC for ovulation induction is associated with either overall major malformations or specific fetal anomalies. DESIGN: We conducted a population-based retrospective cohort. Exposure was defined as CC dispension from two months before conception through the first month of pregnancy. SETTINGS: Four databases were combined: medication, birth, hospitalization and pregnancy terminations. POPULATION: The study included all women in southern Israel who gave birth or underwent pregnancy termination at Soroka Medical Center from 1998 to 2009...
March 23, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334496/seasonality-at-the-clinical-onset-of-type-1-diabetes-lessons-from-the-sweet-database
#19
A Gerasimidi Vazeou, O Kordonouri, M Witsch, J M Hermann, G Forsander, C de Beaufort, H J Veeze, C Maffeis, V Cherubini, O Cinek, B Piccini, R W Holl, T Danne
BACKGROUND: Seasonality at the clinical onset of type 1 diabetes (T1D) has been suggested by different studies, however, the results are conflicting. This study aimed to evaluate the presence of seasonality at clinical onset of T1D based on the SWEET database comprising data from 32 different countries. METHODS: The study cohort included 23 603 patients (52% males) recorded in the international multicenter SWEET database (48 centers), with T1D onset ≤20 years, year of onset between 1980 and 2015, gender, year and month of birth and T1D-diagnosis documented...
October 2016: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334380/the-influence-of-sogatella-furcifera-hemiptera-delphacidae-migratory-events-on-the-southern-rice-black-streaked-dwarf-virus-epidemics
#20
Yan Wu, Guo Zhang, Xiao Chen, Xi-Jie Li, Kai Xiong, Shu-Pei Cao, Yan-Yue Hu, Ming-Hong Lu, Wan-Cai Liu, Hoang-Anh Tuan, Guo-Jun Qi, Bao-Ping Zhai
Southern rice black-streaked dwarf virus (SRBSDV) caused serious rice losses. After the first outbreak in 2009 in northern Vietnam and southern China, the virus ravaged crops again on enormous scales in 2010, but infections have decreased sharply since 2011. We presumed that the sudden epidemics and fadeout of SRBSDV would be closely related to the migratory events of the insect vector, Sogatella furcifera. This study sought the source area of SRBSDV using the trajectory analysis method, and revealed the relationship between SRBSDV dynamics and migration of S...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
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