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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922795/a-lady-in-proper-proportions-feminism-lytton-strachey-and-florence-nightingale-s-reputation-1918-39
#1
James Southern
Lytton Strachey's Eminent Victorians has long been regarded as a watershed in attitudes to Victorian culture, widely seen as having instigated a revolutionary backlash against the values and heroes of the Victorian era in England. Its impact, however, on the reputations of his four subjects-Thomas Arnold, General Gordon, Cardinal Manning and Florence Nightingale-has been subjected to surprisingly little scholarly attention. Drawing on the work of gender historians, this article reassesses Strachey's effect on the reputation of Nightingale, using biographies and contemporary reviews of Eminent Victorians...
March 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922794/genome-wide-variation-patterns-uncover-the-origin-and-selection-in-cultivated-ginseng-panax-ginseng-meyer
#2
Ming-Rui Li, Feng-Xue Shi, Ya-Ling Li, Peng Jiang, Lili Jiao, Bao Liu, Lin-Feng Li
Chinese ginseng (Panax ginseng Meyer) is a medicinally important herb and plays crucial roles in traditional Chinese medicine. Pharmacological analyses identified diverse bioactive components from Chinese ginseng. However, basic biological attributes including domestication and selection of the ginseng plant remain under-investigated. Here, we presented a genome-wide view of the domestication and selection of cultivated ginseng based on the whole genome data. A total of 8,660 protein-coding genes were selected for genome-wide scanning of the 30 wild and cultivated ginseng accessions...
September 1, 2017: Genome Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922585/climatic-and-anthropogenic-drivers-of-northern-amazon-fires-during-the-2015-2016-el-ni%C3%A3-o-event
#3
Marisa G Fonseca, Liana O Anderson, Egidio Arai, Yosio E Shimabukuro, Haron A M Xaud, Maristela R Xaud, Nima Madani, Fabien H Wagner, Luiz E O C Aragão
The strong El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) event that occurred in 2015/2016 caused extreme drought in the northern Brazilian Amazon, especially in the state of Roraima, increasing fire occurrence. Here we map the extent of precipitation and fire anomalies and quantify the effects of climatic and anthropogenic drivers on fire occurrence during the 2015/2016 dry season (from December 2015 to March 2016) in the state of Roraima. To achieve these objectives we first estimated the spatial pattern of precipitation anomalies, based on long-term data from the TRMM (Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission), and the fire anomaly, based on MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) active fire detections during the referred period...
September 18, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922547/the-vicious-circle-of-patient-physician-mistrust-in-china-health-professionals-perspectives-institutional-conflict-of-interest-and-building-trust-through-medical-professionalism
#4
Jing-Bao Nie, Yu Cheng, Xiang Zou, Ni Gong, Joseph D Tucker, Bonnie Wong, Arthur Kleinman
To investigate the phenomenon of patient-physician mistrust in China, a qualitative study involving 107 physicians, nurses and health officials in Guangdong Province, southern China, was conducted through semi-structured interviews and focus groups. In this paper we report the key findings of the empirical study and argue for the essential role of medical professionalism in rebuilding patient-physician trust. Health professionals are trapped in a vicious circle of mistrust. Mistrust (particularly physicians' distrust of patients and their relatives) leads to increased levels of fear and self-protection by doctors which exacerbate difficulties in communication; in turn, this increases physician workloads, adding to a strong sense of injustice and victimization...
September 18, 2017: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922382/formal-comment-to-soler-et-al-great-spotted-cuckoo-nestlings-have-no-antipredatory-effect-on-magpie-or-carrion-crow-host-nests-in-southern-spain
#5
Daniela Canestrari, Diana Bolopo, Ted C J Turlings, Gregory Röder, José M Marcos, Vittorio Baglione
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922030/rapid-detection-and-classification-of-salmonella-enterica-shedding-in-feedlot-cattle-utilizing-the-roka-bioscience-atlas-salmonella-detection-assay-for-the-analysis-of-rectoanal-mucosal-swabs
#6
W Evan Chaney, Getahun E Agga, Scott V Nguyen, Terrance M Arthur, Joseph M Bosilevac, Erin Dreyling, Anantharama Rishi, Dayna Brichta-Harhay
With an increasing focus on preharvest food safety, rapid methods are required for the detection and quantification of foodborne pathogens such as Salmonella enterica in beef cattle. We validated the Atlas Salmonella Detection Assay (SEN), a nucleic acid amplification technology that targets Salmonella rRNA, for the qualitative detection of S. enterica with sample enrichment using immunomagnetic separation as a reference test, and we further evaluated its accuracy to predict pathogen load using SEN signal-to-cutoff (SCO) values from unenriched samples to classify animals as high or nonhigh shedders...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921895/genetic-characterization-of-african-swine-fever-virus-isolates-from-soft-ticks-at-the-wildlife-domestic-interface-in-mozambique-and-identification-of-a-novel-genotype
#7
C J Quembo, F Jori, W Vosloo, L Heath
African swine fever virus (ASFV) is one of the most threatening infectious diseases of pigs. There are not sufficient data to indicate the importance of the sylvatic cycle in the spread and maintenance of the disease locally and potentially, globally. To assess the capacity to maintain ASF in the environment, we investigated the presence of soft tickreservoirs of ASFV in Gorongosa National Park (GNP) and its surrounding villages. A total of 1,658 soft ticks were recovered from warthog burrows and pig pens at the wildlife/livestock interface of the GNP and viral DNA was confirmed by nested PCR in 19% of Ornithodoros porcinus porcinus and 15% of O...
September 17, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921681/anti-obesity-activity-of-saringosterol-isolated-from-sargassum-muticum-yendo-fensholt-extract-in-3t3-l1-cells
#8
Jung A Lee, Young-Rak Cho, Seong Su Hong, Eun-Kyung Ahn
Saringosterol, a steroid isolated from Sargassum muticum, a brown edible alga widely distributed on the seashores of southern and eastern Korea, has been shown to exhibit anti-obesity effect. In this study, we investigated the anti-obesity activity of saringosterol through various experiments. The inhibitory effect of saringosterol on adipogenesis was evaluated via Oil Red O staining in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. After confirming that saringosterol is not cytotoxic to these cells by using the 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay, the effect of saringosterol on the expression of various adipogenesis-related genes was analyzed via quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blotting...
September 18, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921080/erratum-to-distribution-of-viruses-inhabiting-heterobasidion-annosum-in-a-pine-dominated-forest-plot-in-southern-finland
#9
Rafiqul Hyder, Tuula Piri, Jarkko Hantula, Heikki Nuorteva, Eeva J Vainio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2017: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919969/karyotypic-differentiation-of-populations-of-the-common-shrew-sorex-araneus-l-mammalia-in-belarus
#10
Yury M Borisov, Iryna A Kryshchuk, Helen S Gaiduchenko, Elena V Cherepanova, Svetlana V Zadyra, Elena S Levenkova, Dmitriy V Lukashov, Victor N Orlov
The common shrews, Sorex araneus Linnaeus, 1758, inhabiting the territory of Belarus, are characterized by a significant variation in the frequency of Robertsonian (Rb) translocations. The frequency clines for translocations specific of three chromosome races: the West Dvina (gm, hk, ip, no, qr), Kiev (g/m, hi, k/o, n, p, q, r), and Białowieża (g/r, hn, ik, m/p, o, q) have already been studied in this territory. In this communication we report new data on polymorphic populations with Rb metacentrics specific of the Neroosa race (go, hi, kr, mn, p/q) in south-eastern Belarus, analyse the distribution of karyotypes in southern and central Belarus and draw particular attention to the fixation of the acrocentric variants of chromosomes in this area...
2017: Comparative Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919927/characterization-of-a-heat-tolerant-chlorella-sp-gd-mutant-with-enhanced-photosynthetic-co2-fixation-efficiency-and-its-implication-as-lactic-acid-fermentation-feedstock
#11
Tse-Min Lee, Yu-Fei Tseng, Chieh-Lun Cheng, Yi-Chuan Chen, Chih-Sheng Lin, Hsiang-Yen Su, Te-Jin Chow, Chun-Yen Chen, Jo-Shu Chang
BACKGROUND: Fermentative production of lactic acid from algae-based carbohydrates devoid of lignin has attracted great attention for its potential as a suitable alternative substrate compared to lignocellulosic biomass. RESULTS: A Chlorella sp. GD mutant with enhanced thermo-tolerance was obtained by mutagenesis using N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine to overcome outdoor high-temperature inhibition and it was used as a feedstock for fermentative lactic acid production...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919904/plasticity-of-sorghum-stem-biomass-accumulation-in-response-to-water-deficit-a-multiscale-analysis-from-internode-tissue-to-plant-level
#12
Lisa Perrier, Lauriane Rouan, Sylvie Jaffuel, Anne Clément-Vidal, Sandrine Roques, Armelle Soutiras, Christelle Baptiste, Denis Bastianelli, Denis Fabre, Cécile Dubois, David Pot, Delphine Luquet
Sorghum is increasingly used as a biomass crop worldwide. Its genetic diversity provides a large range of stem biochemical composition suitable for various end-uses as bioenergy or forage. Its drought tolerance enables it to reasonably sustain biomass production under water limited conditions. However, drought effect on the accumulation of sorghum stem biomass remains poorly understood which limits progress in crop improvement and management. This study aimed at identifying the morphological, biochemical and histological traits underlying biomass accumulation in the sorghum stem and its plasticity in response to water deficit...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919836/increase-in-density-of-genetically-diverse-invasive-asian-shore-crab-hemigrapsus-sanguineus-populations-in-the-gulf-of-maine
#13
Joshua P Lord, Larissa M Williams
Hemigrapsus sanguineus, the Asian shore crab, has rapidly replaced Carcinus maenas, the green crab, as the most abundant crab on rocky shores in the northwest Atlantic since its introduction to the United States (USA) in 1988. The northern edge of this progressing invasion is the Gulf of Maine, where Asian shore crabs are only abundant in the south. We compared H. sanguineus population densities to those from published 2005 surveys and quantified genetic variation using the cytochrome c oxidase subunit I gene...
April 2017: Biological Invasions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919793/burden-of-uterine-fibroids-in-italy-epidemiology-treatment-outcomes-and-consumption-of-health-care-resources-in-more-than-5-000-women
#14
Marco Chiumente, Mauro De Rosa, Andrea Messori, Enrica Maria Proli
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Epidemiological studies on uterine fibroids (UFs) are mostly based on surveys or analyses of small samples of patients. In 50% of women, the quality of life is worsened by disease-related symptoms; furthermore, treatments imply a remarkable health care cost. The aim of this observational study was to analyze a large sample of Italian patients with UFs and to assess the epidemiology, the appropriateness of treatments, and the consumption of disease-related resources...
2017: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919684/molecular-screening-for-hemotropic-mycoplasmas-in-captive-barbary-sheep-ammotragus-lervia-in-southern-brazil
#15
Leonilda C Santos, Odilon Vidotto, Vivien M Morikawa, Nelson J R Santos, Thállitha S W J Vieira, Ivan R Barros Filho, Rafael F C Vieira, Alexander W Biondo
AIM: This study is part of an active surveillance program for monitoring animal health status in endangered species, and was conducted to screen captive Barbary sheep (Ammotragus lervia) for hemoplasma infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 12 blood samples were collected, DNA extracted and further tested by a pan-hemoplasma polymerase chain reaction protocol. RESULTS: Animals were clinically healthy and not infested by ectoparasites...
August 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919504/cryptic-elevational-zonation-in-trapdoor-spiders-araneae-antrodiaetidae-aliatypus-janus-complex-from-the-california-southern-sierra-nevada
#16
James Starrett, Cheryl Y Hayashi, Shahan Derkarabetian, Marshal Hedin
The relative roles of ecological niche conservatism versus niche divergence in promoting montane speciation remains an important topic in biogeography. Here, our aim was to test whether lineage diversification in a species complex of trapdoor spiders corresponds with riverine barriers or with an ecological gradient associated with elevational tiering. Aliatypus janus was sampled from throughout its range, with emphasis on populations in the southern Sierra Nevada Mountains of California. We collected multi-locus genetic data to generate a species tree for A...
September 15, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919326/characterization-of-a-pkr-inhibitor-from-the-pathogenic-ranavirus-ambystoma-tigrinum-virus-using-a-heterologous-vaccinia-virus-system
#17
Trung P Huynh, James K Jancovich, Latha Tripuraneni, Michael C Heck, Jeffrey O Langland, Bertram L Jacobs
Ambystoma tigrinum virus (ATV) (family Iridoviridae, genus Ranavirus) was isolated from diseased tiger salamanders (Ambystoma tigrinum stebbinsi) from the San Rafael Valley in southern Arizona, USA in 1996. Genomic sequencing of ATV, as well as other members of the genus, identified an open reading frame that has homology to the eukaryotic translation initiation factor, eIF2α (ATV eIF2α homologue, vIF2αH). Therefore, we asked if the ATV vIF2αH could also inhibit PKR. To test this hypothesis, the ATV vIF2αH was cloned into vaccinia virus (VACV) in place of the well-characterized VACV PKR inhibitor, E3L...
September 14, 2017: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918762/standard-comparison-of-local-mental-health-care-systems-in-eight-european-countries
#18
M R Gutiérrez-Colosía, L Salvador-Carulla, J A Salinas-Pérez, C R García-Alonso, J Cid, D Salazzari, I Montagni, F Tedeschi, G Cetrano, K Chevreul, J Kalseth, G Hagmair, C Straßmayr, A L Park, R Sfectu, T Ala-Nikkola, J L González-Caballero, L Rabbi, B Kalseth, F Amaddeo
AIMS: There is a need of more quantitative standardised data to compare local Mental Health Systems (MHSs) across international jurisdictions. Problems related to terminological variability and commensurability in the evaluation of services hamper like-with-like comparisons and hinder the development of work in this area. This study was aimed to provide standard assessment and comparison of MHS in selected local areas in Europe, contributing to a better understanding of MHS and related allocation of resources at local level and to lessen the scarcity in standard service comparison in Europe...
September 18, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918536/a-comparative-study-of-inorganic-elements-in-the-blood-of-male-and-female-caspian-pond-turtles-mauremys-caspica-from-the-southern-basin-of-the-caspian-sea
#19
Milad Adel, Adriana A Cortés-Gómez, Maryam Dadar, Hossein Riyahi, Marc Girondot
Due to their bioaccumulation and biomagnification pathways, inorganic elements can accumulate in high-level aquatic organisms in the food web. Then, this species can be used to monitor the quality of the environment. Blood concentration of nine inorganic elements, including possible toxic metals (An, Cu, Mn, Se, As, Ni, Cd, Pb, and Hg), in 20 males and 20 females from eight different locations with high industry and agriculture activities in Iran were evaluated in this work. Additionally, size, sex, condition index, and locations were also included and analyzed...
September 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918351/susceptibility-profiles-of-bacteria-causing-urinary-tract-infection-in-southern-tunisia
#20
Sonda Guermazi-Toumi, Sirine Boujlel, Mouna Assoudi, Riadh Issaoui, Sonia Tlili, Mohamed Ennaceur Hlaiem
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiological profile and the antibiotic resistance of bacteria responsible for urinary infections diagnosed in the department of microbiology of the regional hospital Houcine Bouzaiene (Gafsa) in the south west of Tunisia. METHODS: All the cytobacteriological urine samples analyzed from 1 January 2015 to 30 June 2016 were included in the study. The adopted criteria to define urinary infection were: leukocyturia >10(4)/ml and bacteriuria >10(5)CFU/ml...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
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