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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209294/sulfated-glycosaminoglycans-and-non-classically-secreted-proteins-basic-fgf-and-epimorphin-coordinately-regulate-tgf-%C3%AE-induced-cell-behaviors-of-human-scar-dermal-fibroblasts
#1
Tomoatsu Horigome, Shinya Takumi, Kota Shirai, Takumi Kido, Natsumi Hagiwara-Chatani, Ayumi Nakashima, Naoki Adachi, Hiroko Yano, Yohei Hirai
BACKGROUND: Upon skin injuries, dermal fibroblasts actively produce transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), which leads to the formation of α-smooth muscle actin (αSMA)-positive granulation tissues. The hyperplasia or incomplete regression of these tissues subsequently causes scar formation in the skin, where sulfated glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), side chains of unique proteoglycans, are supposed to play important roles. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to clarify the effects of sulfated GAGs on dermal cell behaviors triggered by the TGF-β signaling, along with its possible regulators basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and cell surface epimorphin...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202061/in-vitro-generation-of-sertoli-like-and-haploid-spermatid-like-cells-from-human-umbilical-cord-perivascular-cells
#2
Ekaterina Shlush, Leila Maghen, Sonja Swanson, Shlomit Kenigsberg, Sergey Moskovtsev, Tanya Barretto, Andrée Gauthier-Fisher, Clifford L Librach
BACKGROUND: First trimester (FTM) and term human umbilical cord-derived perivascular cells (HUCPVCs), which are rich sources of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), can give rise to Sertoli cell (SC)-like as well as haploid germ cell (GC)-like cells in vitro using culture conditions that recapitulate the testicular niche. Gamete-like cells have been produced ex vivo using pluripotent stem cells as well as MSCs. However, the production of functional gametes from human stem cells has yet to be achieved...
February 15, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193541/a-nano-scaled-and-multi-layered-recombinant-fibronectin-cadherin-chimera-composite-selectively-concentrates-osteogenesis-related-cells-and-factors-to-aid-bone-repair
#3
Junchao Xing, Tieniu Mei, Keyu Luo, Zhiqiang Li, Aijun Yang, Zhilin Li, Zhao Xie, Zehua Zhang, Shiwu Dong, Tianyong Hou, Jianzhong Xu, Fei Luo
: Easily accessible and effective bone grafts are in urgent need in clinic. The selective cell retention (SCR) strategy, by which osteogenesis-related cells and factors are enriched from bone marrow into bio-scaffolds, holds great promise. However, the retention efficacy is limited by the relatively low densities of osteogenesis-related cells and factors in marrow; in addition, a lack of satisfactory surface modifiers for scaffolds further exacerbates the dilemma. To address this issue, a multi-layered construct consisting of a recombinant fibronectin/cadherin chimera was established via a layer-by-layer self-assembly technique (LBL-rFN/CDH) and used to modify demineralised bone matrix (DBM) scaffolds...
February 10, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176898/effect-of-noncovalent-interaction-on-the-self-assembly-of-a-designed-peptide-and-its-potential-use-as-a-carrier-for-controlled-bfgf-release
#4
Yanfei Liu, Ling Zhang, Wei Wei
Peptide self-assembly is one of the promising bottom-up approaches for creating synthetic supermolecular architectures. Noncovalent interactions such as hydrophobic packing, electrostatic interaction, and polypeptide chain entropy (ΔSC) are the most relevant factors that affect the folding and self-assembly of peptides and the stability of supermolecular structures. The GVGV tetrapeptide is an abundant repeat in elastin, an extracellular matrix protein. In this study, four GVGV-containing peptides were designed with the aim of understanding the effects of these weak interactions on peptide self-assembly...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169594/keratin-hydrogel-enhances-in-vivo-skeletal-muscle-function-in-a-rat-model-of-volumetric-muscle-loss
#5
Juliana A Passipieri, Hannah B Baker, Mevan Siriwardane, Mary Ellenburg, Manasi Vadhavkar, Justin M Saul, Seth Tomblyn, Luke Burnett, George Joseph Christ
Volumetric Muscle Loss (VML) injuries exceed the considerable intrinsic regenerative capacity of skeletal muscle resulting in permanent functional and cosmetic deficits. VML and VML-like injuries occur in military and civilian populations, due to trauma and surgery as well as a host of congenital and acquired diseases/syndromes. Current therapeutic options are limited, and new approaches are needed for more complete functional regeneration of muscle. A potential solution is human hair derived keratin (KN) biomaterials that may have significant potential for regenerative therapy...
February 7, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168007/basic-fibroblast-growth-factor-inhibits-apoptosis-and-promotes-proliferation-of-adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-isolated-from-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-by-reducing-cellular-oxidative-stress
#6
Daria Nawrocka, Katarzyna Kornicka, Joanna Szydlarska, Krzysztof Marycz
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a chronic metabolic disorder affecting increasing number of people in developed countries. Therefore new strategies for treatment of T2D and its complications are of special interest. Nowadays, cellular therapies involving mesenchymal stromal cells that reside in adipose tissue (ASCs) constitute a promising approach; however, there are still many obstacles concerning safety and effectiveness that need to be overcome before ASCs could be engaged for the treatment of diabetes mellitus...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165246/ultrasound-molecular-imaging-of-angiogenesis-using-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-conjugated-microbubbles
#7
Jianjun Wang, Bin Qin, Xucai Chen, William R Wagner, Flordeliza S Villanueva
Imaging of angiogenesis receptors could provide a sensitive and clinically useful method for detecting neovascularization such as occurs in malignant tumors, and responses to anti-angiogenic therapies for such tumors. We tested the hypothesis that microbubbles (MB) tagged with human VEGF121 (MBVEGF) bind to the kinase insert domain receptor (KDR) in vitro and angiogenic endothelium in vivo, and that this specific binding can be imaged on a clinical ultrasound system. In this work, targeted adhesion of MBVEGF was evaluated in vitro using a parallel plate flow system containing adsorbed recombinant human KDR...
February 6, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164440/effect-of-human-umbilical-cord-blood-mesenchymal-stem-cells-administered-by-intravenous-or-intravitreal-routes-on-cryo-induced-retinal-injury
#8
Eman M Mohamed, Shaimaa A Abdelrahman, Samia Hussein, Sally M Shalaby, Hala Mosaad, Ahmed M B Awad
Traumatic optic neuropathy is an important cause of severe vision loss. So, many attempts were performed to transplant stem cells systemically or locally to regenerate the injured retina. In this study, we investigated the effect of human umbilical cord blood mesenchymal stem cells (hUBMSCs) on histological structure, apoptotic, antiapoptotic, oxidant and antioxidant markers in an experimental model of cryo-induced retinal damage in mice. Forty-eight mice were included with 4 major groups; group I contained 18 mice as controls...
February 5, 2017: IUBMB Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162053/cell-and-growth-factor-loaded-keratin-hydrogels-for-treatment-of-volumetric-muscle-loss-vml-in-a-mouse-model
#9
Hannah B Baker, Juliana A Passipieri, Mevan Siriwardane, Mary Ellenburg, Manasi Vadhavkar, Christopher R Bergman, Justin M Saul, Seth Tomblyn, Luke Burnett, George Joseph Christ
Wounds to the head, neck and extremities have been estimated to account for ~84% of reported combat injuries to military personnel. Volumetric muscle loss (VML), defined as skeletal muscle injuries in which tissue loss results in permanent functional impairment, are common among these injuries. The present standard of care entails the use of muscle flap transfers, which suffer from the need for additional surgery when using autografts or the risk of rejection when cadaveric grafts are used. Tissue engineering (TE) strategies for skeletal muscle repair have been investigated as a means to overcome current therapeutic limitations...
February 4, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142117/the-effect-of-aloe-vera-on-the-expression-of-wound-healing-factors-tgf%C3%AE-1-and-bfgf-in-mouse-embryonic-fibroblast-cell-in-vitro-study
#10
Maryam Hormozi, Raheleh Assaei, Mandana Beigi Boroujeni
BACKGROUND: Aloe vera (A.v) have been used traditionally for topical treatment of wounds and burns in different countries for centuries, but the mechanism of this effect is not well understood. Various growth factors are implicated in the process of wound healing. Among the different growth factors involved in the process, TGFβ1 and bFGF are the most importantly expressed in fibroblast cells. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of A.v on the expression of angiogenesis growth factors in mouse embryonic fibroblast cells...
January 28, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124060/bone-morphogenetic-protein-4-regulates-micrornas-mir-494-and-mir-126-5p-in-control-of-endothelial-cell-function-in-angiogenesis
#11
Jennifer S Esser, Erika Saretzki, Franziska Pankratz, Bianca Engert, Sebastian Grundmann, Christoph Bode, Martin Moser, Qian Zhou
MicroRNAs are small non-coding RNAs that negatively regulate posttranscriptional gene expression. Several microRNAs have been described to regulate the process of angiogenesis. Previously, we have shown that bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) increased the pro-angiogenic activity of endothelial cells. In this project, we now investigated how the pro-angiogenic BMP4 effect is mediated by microRNAs. First, we performed a microRNA array with BMP4-stimulated human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Among the top-regulated microRNAs, we detected a decreased expression of miR-494 and increased expression of miR-126-5p...
January 26, 2017: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122355/plumbagin-restrains-hepatocellular-carcinoma-angiogenesis-by-suppressing-the-migration-and-invasion-of-tumor-derived-vascular-endothelial-cells
#12
YanFei Wei, Qi Yang, Yuan Zhang, TieJian Zhao, XueMei Liu, Jing Zhong, Jing Ma, YongXin Chen, Chuan Zhao, JunXuan Li
Tumor occurrence and development are very complicated processes. In addition to the roles of exogenous carcinogenic factors, the body's internal factors also play important roles. These factors include the host response to the tumor and the tumor effect on the host. In particular, the proliferation, migration and activation of endothelial cells are involved in tumor angiogenesis. Angiogenesis is one of the hallmarks of cancer. In this study, we investigate whether plumbagin can abrogate angiogenesis-mediated tumor growth in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and, if so, through which molecular mechanisms...
January 20, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120511/collagen-heparin-sulfate-scaffolds-fabricated-by-a-3d-bioprinter-improved-mechanical-properties-and-neurological-function-after-spinal-cord-injury-in-rats
#13
Chong Chen, Ming-Liang Zhao, Ren-Kun Zhang, Gang Lu, Chang-Yu Zhao, Feng Fu, Hong-Tao Sun, Sai Zhang, Yue Tu, Xiao-Hong Li
Effective treatments promoting axonal regeneration and functional recovery for spinal cord injury (SCI) are still in the early stages of development. Most approaches have been focused on providing supportive substrates for guiding neurons and overcoming the physical and chemical barriers to healing that arise after SCI. Although collagen has become a promising natural substrate with good compatibility, its low mechanical properties restrict its potential applications. The mechanical properties mainly rely on the composition and pore structure of scaffolds...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119094/regenerative-treatment-for-tympanic-membrane-perforation-using-gelatin-sponge-with-basic-fibroblast-growth-factor
#14
Kaoru Omae, Shin-Ichi Kanemaru, Eiji Nakatani, Hideaki Kaneda, Tsutomu Nishimura, Risa Tona, Yasushi Naito, Atsuhiko Kawamoto, Masanori Fukushima
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate safety and efficacy of regenerative treatment using gelatin sponge with basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) in patients with tympanic membrane perforation (TMP). METHODS: The current study was a prospective, multicenter, open-label, single-arm, and exploratory clinical trial to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the TM regeneration procedure (TMRP). Myringotomy was used to mechanically disrupt the edge of the TMP, and a gelatin sponge immersed in bFGF was then placed over the perforation...
January 21, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114972/optimizing-mesoderm-progenitor-selection-and-three-dimensional-microniche-culture-allows-highly-efficient-endothelial-differentiation-and-ischemic-tissue-repair-from-human-pluripotent-stem-cells
#15
Fengzhi Zhang, Lin Wang, Yaqian Li, Wei Liu, Fuyu Duan, Rujin Huang, Xi Chen, Sophia Chia-Ning Chang, Yanan Du, Jie Na
BACKGROUND: Generation of large quantities of endothelial cells is highly desirable for vascular research, for the treatment of ischemia diseases, and for tissue regeneration. To achieve this goal, we developed a simple, chemically defined culture system to efficiently and rapidly differentiate endothelial cells from human pluripotent stem cells by going through an MESP1 mesoderm progenitor stage. METHODS: Mesp1 is a key transcription factor that regulates the development of early cardiovascular tissue...
January 23, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114694/-amniotic-membrane-suspension-and-autologous-serum-are-they-important-for-wound-healing
#16
T Stachon, M-F Wu, M Bischoff, M Huber, A Langenbucher, B Seitz, N Szentmáry
Autologous serum (AS) and amniotic membrane transplantation (AMT) are used in the treatment of several ocular surface diseases. AMT is associated with a surgical intervention. Surgery could be avoided by using eye drops prepared from an amniotic membrane homogenate (AMH) or amniotic membrane suspension (AMS). EGF, bFGF, IL-6 and IL-8 were detected in AMS. However, EGF and bFGF concentrations in AMS were about 1.7-17× lower than in AMH, and IL-6 and IL-8 could not be detected in AMH. 100 % AMS, 15 and 30 % AMH significantly decreased proliferation of human corneal epithelial cells (HCECs) compared to controls (p = <0...
January 23, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113197/neurogenesis-enhances-response-specificity-to-spatial-pattern-stimulation-in-hippocampal-cultures
#17
Yukimi Tanaka, Takuya Isomura, Kenta Shimba, Kiyoshi Kotani, Yasuhiko Jimbo
OBJECTIVE: Adult neurogenesis in the hippocampus facilitates cognitive functions such as pattern separation in mammals. However, it remains unclear how newborn neurons mediate changes in neural networks to enhance pattern separation ability. Here, we developed an in vitro model of adult neurogenesis using rat hippocampal cultures in order to investigate whether newborn neurons can be directly incorporated into neural networks related to pattern separation to produce functional improvements...
December 14, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110689/cannabinoids-possible-agents-for-treatment-of-psoriasis-via-suppression-of-angiogenesis-and-inflammation
#18
Amir Hossein Norooznezhad, Fatemeh Norooznezhad
Psoriasis is a chronic skin disease also affecting other sites such as joints. This disease highly depends on inflammation and angiogenesis as well as other pathways. At each step of the psoriasis molecular pathway, different inflammatory cytokines and angiogenic growth factors are involved such as hypoxia inducible factor-1 α (HIF-1 α), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), matrix metalo proteinases (MMPs), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), Angiopoitin-2, interleukin-8 (IL-8), IL-17, and IL-2. Beside the mentioned growth factors and cytokines, cellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) which play roles in both angiogenesis and inflammation are also involved in the pathogenesis...
February 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103989/-experimental-research-on-the-effects-of-different-activators-on-the-formation-of-platelet-rich-gel-and-the-release-of-bioactive-substances-in-human-platelet-rich-plasma
#19
Y Yang, W Zhang, B Cheng
Objective: To explore the effects of calcium gluconate and thrombin on the formation of platelet-rich gel (PRG) and the release of bioactive substances in human platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and the clinical significance. Methods: Six healthy blood donors who met the inclusion criteria were recruited in our unit from May to August in 2016. Platelet samples of each donor were collected for preparation of PRP. (1) PRP in the volume of 10 mL was collected from each donor and divided into thrombin activation group (TA, added with 0...
January 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098745/effect-of-freeze-dried-allograft-bone-with-human-basic-fibroblast-growth-factor-containing-a-collagen-binding-domain-from-clostridium-histolyticum-collagenase-on-bone-formation-after-lumbar-posterolateral-fusion-surgery-in-rats
#20
Gen Inoue, Kentaro Uchida, Osamu Matsushita, Hisako Fujimaki, Wataru Saito, Masayuki Miyagi, Hiroyuki Sekiguchi, Nozomu Nishi, Seiji Ohtori, Mizuki Yogoro, Masashi Takaso
STUDY DESIGN: An experimental study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of freeze-dried bone allograft (FDBA) with basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) fused with the polycystic kidney disease domain (PKD) and the collagen-biding domain (CBD) of Clostridium histolyticum collagenase, for the acceleration of lumbar posterolateral fusion in rats. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Reports indicate bFGF is an effective growth factor with osteogenic potential for promoting bone regeneration, although its efficiency decreases rapidly following its diffusion in body fluid from the host site...
January 16, 2017: Spine
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