Read by QxMD icon Read

serum creatinine

Naif O Al-Harbi, Ahmed Nadeem, Sheikh F Ahmad, Moureq R Alotaibi, Abdullah F AlAsmari, Wael A Alanazi, Mohammad M Al-Harbi, Ahmad M El-Sherbeeny, Khalid E Ibrahim
Sepsis affects millions of people worldwide and is associated with acute kidney injury (AKI). Innate and adaptive immune cells have been shown to play an important role in AKI through release of various inflammatory mediators which include reactive oxidant species (ROS). Acetate, a short chain fatty acid produced by gut bacteria has anti-inflammatory properties and has also been shown to modulate oxidative stress in different immune cells. Effects of acetate have been shown to be both GPR43 dependent and independent in different cells/tissues...
March 12, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
Alexander Buchholz, Laura Ueberham, Kaja Gorczynska, Borislav Dinov, Sebastian Hilbert, Nikolaos Dagres, Daniela Husser, Gerhard Hindricks, Andreas Bollmann
BACKGROUND: Apixaban is a non-vitamin K oral anticoagulant and has been approved for prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF). Current labelling recommends dose reduction based on patients age, weight and renal function. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze adherence to current labeling instructions concerning initial apixaban dosing in clinical practice and to identify factors associated with inappropriate dose reduction...
March 15, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
Baek Gyu Jun, Woong Cheul Lee, Jae Young Jang, Soung Won Jeong, Young Don Kim, Gab Jin Cheon, Yun Nah Lee, Sang Gyune Kim, Young Seok Kim, Young Sin Cho, Sae Hwan Lee, Hong Soo Kim
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is one of the severe complications of liver cirrhosis. Early detection of high-risk patients is essential for prognostic improvement. The aim of this study is to investigate the predictive factors related to in-hospital mortality in patients with SBP. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 233 SBP patients (181 males, 52 females) who were admitted to four tertiary referral hospitals between August 2002 and February 2013...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
W Weinrebe, S Käbe-Frisch, I Füsgen, M Karaman, E Johannsdottir, S Rupp
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of desmopressin and placebo in independent geriatric outpatients with nocturnal polyuria (NP). METHODS: A prospective, randomized, single-center, national, double blind, placebo-controlled, fixed-dose, parallel group comparative trial was carried out. The study included 110 geriatric outpatients, 55 patients per treatment group using desmopressin acetate nasal spray (strength: 0.1 mg/ml) once daily of 10 μg/spray blast or placebo...
March 14, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Taysir S Garadah, Khalid Bin Thani, Leena Sulibech, Ahmed A Jaradat, Mohamed E Al Alawi, Haytham Amin
Background: Risk factors and short-term mortality in patients presented with Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) in Bahrain has not been evaluated before. Aim: In this prospective observational study, we aim to determine the clinical risk profiles of patients with ACS in Bahrain and describe the incidence, pattern of presentation and predictors of in-hospital clinical outcomes after admission. Methods: Patients with ACS were prospectively enrolled over a 12 month period...
2018: Open Cardiovascular Medicine Journal
N R Hill, H T Cook, C D Pusey, R M Tarzi
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing glomerular lesions are a feature of severe glomerulonephritis. Unlike apoptosis, cellular necrosis has the potential to release damage-associated proteins into the microenvironment, thereby potentiating inflammation. Until recently necrosis was thought to be an unregulated cellular response to injury. However, recent evidence suggests that under certain circumstances receptor mediated necrosis occurs in response to death ligand signalling, one form of which is termed necroptosis...
March 14, 2018: BMC Nephrology
Haruki Katsumata, Izumi Yamamoto, Yo Komatsuzaki, Mayuko Kawabe, Yusuke Okabayashi, Takafumi Yamakawa, Ai Katsuma, Yasuyuki Nakada, Akimitsu Kobayashi, Yudo Tanno, Jun Miki, Hiroki Yamada, Ichiro Ohkido, Nobuo Tsuboi, Hiroyasu Yamamoto, Takashi Yokoo
BACKGROUND: Both prevention and treatment of recurrent immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) in kidney transplant recipients are important since recurrent IgAN seems to affect long-term graft survival. We present here a case of recurrent IgAN that was successfully treated using steroid pulse therapy plus tonsillectomy 10 years after kidney transplantation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 46-year-old male was admitted for an episode biopsy with a serum creatinine level of 1...
March 14, 2018: BMC Nephrology
Nicole A Pilch, Vinayak Rohan, Vinaya Rao, Patrick D Mauldin, Zemin Su, Derek A Dubay, Thomas A Morinelli, David J Taber
BACKGROUND: Several studies have been performed to evaluate surrogate markers of long-term allograft function in renal transplant recipients. These include serum creatinine, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), slope of eGFR, and more recently eGFR variability. The aim of this study was to measure eGFR slope while assessing the variability of this slope and if high variability occurring at any time post-transplant was predictive of poorer long-term outcomes in a large cohort of kidney transplant recipients...
March 14, 2018: American Journal of Nephrology
Jing Li, Xiaoli Fan, Qin Wang
RATIONALE: Glycyrrhizin is the main active component of licorice. Licorice and glycyrrhizin induced hypertension has been widely reported, yet licorice and glycyrrhizin induced hypertensive crisis has been rarely known. PATIENT CONCERNS: The case of this report was a 47-year-old woman, who took 225 mg of glycyrrhizin daily for 3 years due to primary biliary cholangitis. She was found to have a dramatically elevated blood pressure of about 230/110 mmHg without a history of hypertension and was referred to the emergency department...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Irfanullah Khan, Amer Hayat Khan, Azreen Syazril Adnan, Syed Azhar Syed Sulaiman, Azhar Bin Amir Hamzah, Nafees Ahmed, Amjad Khan
PURPOSE: Creatinine is normally used to evaluate kidney function among elderly patients in clinical practice, which has been reported to be affected by socio-demographic factors like BMI and age. Cystatin C a newly introduced biomarker may be more efficient in identifying kidney function in obese and aged CKD patients. The aim of the current study was to assess the effect of BMI on endogenous biomarkers (cystatin C and creatinine) among elderly CKD patients in Malaysia, a first such study in the country...
March 13, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
Nariaki Asada
Kidneys are physiologically hypoxic due to huge oxygen consumption for tubular reabsorption. The physiological hypoxia makes the kidney an appropriate organ for sensitively detecting oxygen levels and producing erythropoietin (EPO). In preterm neonates, immature kidneys cannot produce sufficient EPO, which results in anemia of prematurity (AOP). The cause of EPO insufficiency in AOP has been unclear, therefore current therapeutic options are transfusion and injection of recombinant human EPO. This report shows that the cause of insufficient EPO production in AOP is elevated renal oxygen levels due to poor oxygen consumption by immature tubules...
March 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
Franziska Grundmann, Roman-Ulrich Müller, Annika Reppenhorst, Lennart Hülswitt, Martin R Späth, Torsten Kubacki, Maximilian Scherner, Michael Faust, Ingrid Becker, Thorsten Wahlers, Bernhard Schermer, Thomas Benzing, Volker Burst
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury is a frequent complication after cardiac surgery and is associated with adverse outcomes. Although short-term calorie restriction (CR) has proven protective in rodent models of acute kidney injury, similar effects have not yet been demonstrated in humans. METHODS AND RESULTS: CR_KCH (Effect of a Preoperative Calorie Restriction on Renal Function After Cardiac Surgery) is a randomized controlled trial in patients scheduled for cardiac surgery...
March 13, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
Shunta Hori, Mitsuru Tomizawa, Fumisato Maesaka, Takuya Owari, Yosuke Morizawa, Yasushi Nakai, Makito Miyake, Tatsuo Yoneda, Nobumichi Tanaka, Katsunori Yoshida, Kiyohide Fujimoto
BACKGROUND: Page kidney phenomenon is caused by strong renal parenchymal compression and leads to renal hypoperfusion and microvascular ischemia, resulting in renal dysfunction and hypertension. Although the development of Page kidney phenomenon in allograft is rare, most of its cases are induced by allograft biopsy or trauma. We observed a case of Page kidney phenomenon that was induced by unusual causes immediately after kidney transplantation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 66-year-old man, whose wife donated a kidney, underwent ABO-compatible living kidney transplantation...
March 13, 2018: BMC Nephrology
Khawar Abbas, Muhammed Mubarak, Mirza Naqi Zafar, Wajiha Musharraf, Mehjabeen Imam, Tahir Aziz, Adibul Hassan Rizvi
OBJECTIVES: Plasma cell-rich acute rejection is an aggressive form of acute rejection that occurs late after transplant and is usually resistant to standard antirejection therapy. This study reports the safety, efficacy, and outcomes of plasma cell-rich acute rejection after treatment with bortezomib, a proteasome inhibitor, in 10 patients after a first living-related renal transplant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Plasma cell-rich acute rejection was diagnosed using the 2007 Banff classification...
March 9, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Ahmed I Akl, Hussein A Sheashaa, Mona Abdel Rahim, Muhammed A El Hadedy, Ayman F Refaie
Transplant is the optimal therapy for patients with end-stage renal disease. Acute cellular rejection refractory to treatment remains a major risk factor for graft loss and poor outcomes. In this study, we describe a 39-year-old man who received a living-related kidney transplant. Two days after transplant, the patient displayed acute deterioration of graft function. Conventional anti-rejection therapy was initiated, but graft function did not improve. Biopsy revealed acute cellular rejection (grade IIA), and C4d and HLA antibodies were negative...
March 9, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Toshihiro Yasui, Tatsuya Suzuki, Fujio Hara, Shunsuke Watanabe, Naoko Uga, Atsuki Naoe, Yasuhiro Kondo
OBJECTIVES: In pediatric patients, renal dysfunction after living-donor liver transplant is a major issue that is difficult to evaluate. Recently, predictive equations for Japanese children have been introduced. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study by prospectively collecting data on 26 patients under 16 years old who underwent living-donor liver transplant between June 2004 and March 2015. Serum creatinine and cystatin C levels were measured...
March 9, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Min Liu, Hui Wang, Jiaxiang Zhang, Xiaodong Yang, Bodong Li, Changhao Wu, Qixing Zhu
Both NF-κB pathway and complement activation appear to be involved in kidney damage induced by trichloroethylene (TCE). However, any relationship between these two systems has not yet been established. The present study aimed to clarify the role of NF-κB in complement activation and renal injury in TCE-sensitized BALB/c mice. Mice were sensitized by an initial subcutaneous injection and repeated focal applications of TCE to dorsal skin at specified timepoints. NF-κB inhibitor pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC) was injected (intraperitoneal) before the final two focal TCE challenges...
December 2018: Journal of Immunotoxicology
Chou-Yueh Chang, Horng-Rong Chang, Hsing-Chun Lin, Han-Hsin Chang
Objective Vegetarian diets have been shown to increase the risk of certain nutritional deficiencies, such as iron. As a number of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Taiwan are lacto-ovo vegetarians, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of different proportions and sources of protein in lacto-ovo vegetarian and omnivorous diets, as well as the influence of adequate dietary protein intake, on renal function and nutritional status of Taiwanese patients with stage 3 to stage 5 CKD. Methods This is a cross-sectional study...
March 13, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Hamid Tayebi Khosroshahi, Nosratola D Vaziri, Behzad Abedi, Bahlol Habibi Asl, Morteza Ghojazadeh, Wanghui Jing, Amir Mansur Vatankhah
INTRODUCTION: Systemic inflammation and oxidative stress play a central role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease and numerous other complications of CKD. Recent studies demonstrated that consumption of a diet enriched with amylose (HAM-RS2), attenuates oxidative stress and inflammation, and improves intestinal microbiome in CKD rats. The present study was designed to explore the effect of dietary amylose supplementation in hemodialysis patients. METHODS: Forty-six stable hemodialysis patients were randomized to receive biscuits containing 20 g/day during the first four weeks and 25 g/day in the next four weeks of either HAM-RS2 or wheat-flour...
March 13, 2018: Hemodialysis International
Ying Ma, Ying Wang, Hai-Yun Wang, Yang Li, Zi-Juan Zhou, Bing-Yan Liu, Xue-Mei Li, Li-Meng Chen
Objective To investigate the risk factors predicting the short-term outcomes of patients with peritoneal dialysis(PD)-associated peritonitis (PDAP). Methods In this retrospective cohort study,the clinical data at baseline and 0-3 months before peritonitis onset (peritonitis-free period) were collected from end-stage renal disease patients who started PD and suffered from PDAP between January 1,2004 and March 31,2017 in Peking Union Medical College Hospital. After 4 weeks of follow-up,these patients were divided into two groups according to the clinical outcomes,namely poor outcome group and good outcome group...
February 28, 2018: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"