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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138050/a-systematic-review-on-the-effect-of-serious-games-and-wearable-technology-used-in-rehabilitation-of-patients-with-traumatic-bone-and-soft-tissue-injuries
#1
REVIEW
Henriëtte A W Meijer, Maurits Graafland, J Carel Goslings, Marlies P Schijven
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects on functional outcomes and treatment adherence of wearable technology and serious games (i.e., interactive computer applications with specific purposes useful in the 'real world') currently applied in physical rehabilitation of patients after traumatic bone and soft tissue injuries. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library and CINAHL were searched without publication date restrictions for the terms 'wearable', 'serious game', 'videogame' or 'mobile application', and 'rehabilitation', 'exercise therapy' or 'physiotherapy'...
November 11, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132347/knee-arthrodesis-versus-above-the-knee-amputation-after-septic-failure-of-revision-total-knee-arthroplasty-comparison-of-functional-outcome-and-complication-rates
#2
Sven Hungerer, Martin Kiechle, Christian von Rüden, Matthias Militz, Knut Beitzel, Mario Morgenstern
BACKGROUND: After septic failure of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and multiple revision operations resulting in impaired function, bone and/or soft-tissue damage a reconstruction with a revision arthroplasty might be impossible. Salvage procedures to regain mobility and quality of life are an above-the-knee amputation or knee arthrodesis. The decision process for the patient and surgeon is difficult and data comparing arthrodesis versus amputation in terms of function and quality of life are scarce...
November 13, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114928/a-new-substitute-for-formalin-application-to-embalming-cadavers
#3
Yoshinori Haizuka, Miki Nagase, Satoshi Takashino, Yasushi Kobayashi, Yoshihisa Fujikura, George Matsumura
The development of formalin-free fixatives is an urgent issue in gross anatomy because of the health hazard and the tissue-hardening actions of formalin. We recently identified the fixative, antimicrobial, and preservative effects of N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone (NVP), a precursor of the water-soluble macromolecular polymer polyvinylpyrrolidone, in animal experiments. The aim of the present study is to investigate whether NVP solution can be used as an alternative to formalin in human cadaveric dissection. Twelve donated cadavers were infused with NVP via the femoral and common carotid arteries using a peristaltic pump...
November 7, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097953/a-young-female-athlete-with-acute-low-back-pain-caused-by-stage-iv-breast-cancer
#4
Evan A Kahn
Objective: The purpose of this case report is to describe the case of a young female athlete with low back pain caused by metastatic breast cancer. Clinical Features: A 27-year-old woman presented with low back pain after striking a ball during kickball 3 days earlier. Because of the mechanism of injury and onset, the patient was originally diagnosed with a lumbar spine sprain/strain. Intervention/Outcome: After radiographs were obtained and were read as unremarkable, a 2-week trial of care was initiated that included soft-tissue mobilizations, anti-inflammatory medications from her primary care physician, and therapeutic rehabilitation exercises...
September 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075023/no-clinical-quantifiable-benefits-between-non-surgical-and-surgical-endodontic-treatment
#5
Debra M Ferrailo, Analia Veitz-Keenan
Data sourcesThe authors searched the following electronic databases: the Cochrane Oral Health Trials Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Medline Ovid and Embase Ovid. The US National Registry of Clinical Trials (ClinicalTrials.gov) and the World Health Organisation (WHO) International Clinical Trials Registry Platform were searched for ongoing trials. There were no restrictions regarding language and publication date. The authors hand-searched the reference lists of the studies retrieved and key journals in the field of endodontics...
October 27, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073726/reconstruction-of-extensive-thoracic-wall-defect-using-the-external-oblique-myocutaneous-flap-an-analysis-on-20-chinese-patients-with-locally-advanced-soft-tissue-sarcoma
#6
Chun-Meng Wang, Ruming Zhang, Peng Luo, Zhiqiang Wu, Biqiang Zheng, Yong Chen, Yingqiang Shi
BACKGROUND: Soft tissue sarcomas are rare neoplasms that can occur in the thoracic wall, abdominal wall, extremities, and inguinal region. Wide local resection, with precise histological margin control, results in large skin defects that are challenging to close. Various repair procedures, such as vertical rectus abdominis flaps (VRAM), latissimus dorsi flaps, and tensor fascia lata (TFL) flaps are used to cover broad thoracic wall defects. Although the cosmetic reconstruction results of using these flaps are often excellent, each has significant drawbacks...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071377/-plate-osteosynthesis-of-patellar-fractures
#7
REVIEW
E C Müller, K-H Frosch
OBJECTIVE: Anatomic reconstruction of the retropatellar articular surface and repair of the extensor mechanism of the knee joint. The osteosynthesis should allow immediate mobilization as part of an early functional postoperative rehabilitation protocol. INDICATIONS: Displaced fractures of the patella, especially multifragment and comminuted fractures with a retropatellar incongruity or dislocation of >2 mm. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Critical local soft tissue because of the risk of postoperative infection...
October 25, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057361/hypoglossal-nerve-paresis-secondary-to-anterior-approach-of-upper-cervical-spine-followed-by-spontaneous-recovery
#8
Antonio José Vargas López, Laín Hermes González Quarante, Oscar Lucas Gil de Sagredo Del Corral, Antonio Montalvo Afonso, Carlos Fernández Carballal
We describe an exceptional complication of cervical spine surgery in a 63-year-old male. He suffered the impact of a beam to the top of his head. During evaluation in the emergency room he reported intense neck pain with no other neurological symptoms or findings on physical examination. Spine computed tomography (CT) showed C3 vertebral body fracture that required surgical stabilization. A right side anterior approach to upper cervical spine with C3 corpectomy and placement of iliac bone autograft was performed...
September 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056307/spinout-dislocation-in-mobile-bearing-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-report-of-26-cases
#9
Owen J Diamond, Emer Doran, David E Beverland
BACKGROUND: Excellent medium-term to long-term results for function and survivorship have been shown with mobile-bearing (MB) total knee arthroplasty (TKA). One of the key arguments against its use is the risk of "spinout" or dislocation of the MB. The aim of this study is to discuss the etiology, prevention, incidence, management, and outcome of spinout. METHODS: Between October 1993 and February 2016, 8373 consecutive primary MB TKAs were performed irrespective of preoperative deformity...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052742/-triple-arthrodesis-for-correction-of-cavovarus-deformity
#10
REVIEW
A Barg, R Ruiz, B Hintermann
OBJECTIVE: The aim is to correct the underlying cavovarus deformity and to achieve a pain-free and stable hindfoot. INDICATIONS: Rigid neurologic, posttraumatic, congenital, and idiopathic cavovarus deformities. CONTRAINDICATIONS: General surgical or anesthesiological risks, infections, critical soft tissue conditions, neurovascular impairment of the lower extremity, noncompliance, patients with severely reduced bone quality, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, smoking...
October 20, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049202/mandibular-gorham-stout-disease-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Min Liu, Weiwei Liu, Chunyan Qiao, Bing Han
RATIONALE: Gorham-Stout disease (GSD) is characterized by aggressive bone resorption, proliferation of vascular or lymphatic vessels, and soft-tissue swelling. Bones that initially appear normal start to resorb, partially or completely. However, the etiology of GSD is unknown. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 29-year-old man with a chief complaint of toothache and mobility in the lower right mandible for the previous 1 year. DIAGNOSES: Gorham-Stout disease (GSD)...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042539/inverse-poroelasticity-as-a-fundamental-mechanism-in-biomechanics-and-mechanobiology
#12
Alexander E Ehret, Kevin Bircher, Alberto Stracuzzi, Vita Marina, Manuel Zündel, Edoardo Mazza
Understanding the mechanisms of deformation of biological materials is important for improved diagnosis and therapy, fundamental investigations in mechanobiology, and applications in tissue engineering. Here we demonstrate the essential role of interstitial fluid mobility in determining the mechanical properties of soft tissues. Opposite to the behavior expected for a poroelastic material, the tissue volume of different collagenous membranes is observed to strongly decrease with tensile loading. Inverse poroelasticity governs monotonic and cyclic responses of soft biomembranes, and induces chemo-mechanical coupling, such that tensile forces are modulated by the chemical potential of the interstitial fluid...
October 17, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038953/current-concepts-in-rehabilitation-for-traumatic-anterior-shoulder-instability
#13
REVIEW
Richard Ma, Olubusola A Brimmo, Xinning Li, Lindsey Colbert
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The objectives of this review are to evaluate the current evidence-based literature and concepts surrounding rehabilitation in patients with anterior shoulder instability injuries and surgical repair. RECENT FINDINGS: The current literature evidence for shoulder rehabilitation for anterior shoulder instability and labral repair is limited. As a result, there are variations among surgeons and physical therapists in rehabilitation protocols after anterior shoulder instability injuries and repair...
December 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026819/the-role-of-dynamic-ultrasound-in-the-immediate-conservative-treatment-of-volar-plate-injuries-of-the-pip-joint-a-series-of-78-patients
#14
Franck Marie Leclère, Lukas Mathys, Bettina Juon, Esther Vögelin
INTRODUCTION: The management of volar plate avulsion fractures in the context of a stable joint and a bony fragment of less than 30% has traditionally been conservative. This study was performed to assess volar plate healing with high-resolution ultrasound in order to provide early full mobilization. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between January 2012 and December 2013, 78 patients with volar plate injuries of the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints (42 distortions and 36 dislocations) were treated conservatively in our department for volar plate avulsion fracture associated with stable joint and bony fragment inferior to 30% of the intra-articular surface assessed both by radiography and ultrasound...
August 2017: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019639/spine-conditions-cervical-spine-conditions
#15
Marc A Childress
There are a variety of causes of neck pain, including trauma and degenerative changes. The history of onset helps to direct evaluation, including the need for imaging or ancillary testing. Patterns of pain, weakness, and other specific physical examination findings also aid in diagnosis. Management of most soft tissue injuries involves early mobilization, whereas fractures are managed based on patterns of instability. Acute spinal cord injury requires emergent care, to include possible decompressive surgery...
October 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989119/effects-of-protein-coated-nanofibers-on-conformation-of-gingival-fibroblast-spheroids-potential-utility-for-connective-tissues-regeneration
#16
Gili Kaufman, Ryan Whitescarver, Laiz Nunes, Xavier-Lewis Palmer, Drago Skrtic, Wojtek Tutak
Deep wounds in the gingiva caused by trauma or surgery require a rapid and robust healing of connective tissues. We propose utilizing gas-brushed nanofibers coated with collagen and fibrin for that purpose. Our hypotheses are that protein-coated nanofibers will: (i) attract and mobilize cells in various spatial orientations, and (ii) regulate the expression levels of specific extracellular matrix (ECM)-associated proteins, determining the initial conformational nature of dense and soft connective tissues. Gingival fibroblast monolayers and 3D spheroids were cultured on ECM substrate and covered with gas-blown poly-(DL-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) nanofibers (uncoated/coated with collagen and fibrin)...
October 9, 2017: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951845/effectiveness-and-safety-of-acupotomy-for-lumbar-disc-herniation-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-assessor-blinded-controlled-pilot-trial
#17
Eunseok Kim, So Yun Kim, Hye Su Kim, Jeong Kyo Jeong, So-Young Jung, Chang-Hyun Han, Young-Il Kim
BACKGROUND: Acupotomy aims to reduce pressure on the nerve, improve surrounding blood circulation, and recover the kinetic state of soft tissue in treating lumbar disc herniation. Although several previous studies have suggested the potential use and substantial benefits of acupotomy, there is still insufficient evidence regarding this technique. This trial is designed to determine if acupotomy is more effective than manual acupuncture in improving low back pain and/or leg pain, disability, lumbar mobility, and quality of life in patients with herniated lumbar disc...
September 2017: Integrative medicine research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946532/a-randomized-controlled-study-on-the-efficiency-of-soft-tissue-mobilization-in-babies-with-congenital-muscular-torticollis
#18
Hilal Keklicek, Fatma Uygur
BACKROUND: Soft tissue mobilization techniques (STM) are used in clinical practice in treatment of congenital muscular torticollis(CMT).However, little is known about its effectiveness. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether using STM to manage CMT in babies with mild to moderate head tilt was effective or not. METHODS: Twenty-nine babies with CMT aged between 0-6 months, who had a head tilt from 5 to 20 degrees were allocated to two groups. Both groups received a baseline home program (positioning, handling strategies, stretching and strengthening exercises, environmental adaptations)...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946522/the-effect-of-manual-therapy-and-exercise-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Ozlem Ulger, Aynur Demirel, Müzeyyen Oz, Seval Tamer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of spinal stabilization exercises (SSE) and manual therapy methods on pain, function and quality of life (QoL) levels in individuals with chronic low back pain (CLBP). METHODS: A total of one-hundred thirteen patients diagnosed as CLBP were enrolled to the study. The patients allocated into Spinal Stabilization group (SG) and manual therapy group (MG), randomly. While SSE performed in SG, soft tissue mobilizations, muscle-energy techniques, joint mobilizations and manipulations were performed in MG...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943223/-the-mouth-of-patients-with-acromegaly
#20
REVIEW
Christine Cortet-Rudelli
Orofacial changes are frequent in acromegaly. Their evolution is slowly progressive. The lips (everted and thickened), the mandibular morphology (prognathism), the tongue (macroglossia), the soft palate and the uvula (increased and thickened), the parodontis (gingival hyperplasia, paradontitis), the teeth (increased interdental spaces, hypercementosis, increased dental mobility, multiple tooth loss) are concerned. Functional consequences are significant (obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, malocclusion, pain of the oral maxillofacial area, decrease of the quality of life)...
September 2017: La Presse Médicale
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