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Soft tissue mobilization

Pablo Sanz-Ruiz, Jose Antonio Calvo-Haro, Manuel Villanueva-Martinez, Jose Antonio Matas-Diez, Javier Vaquero-Martín
Bone cement spacers loaded with antibiotic are the gold standard in septic revision. However, the management of massive bone defects constitutes a surgical challenge, requiring the use of different nails, expensive long stems, or cement-coated tumor prostheses for preparing the spacer. In most cases, the knee joint must be sacrificed. We describe a novel technique for preparing a biarticular total femur spacer with the help of a trochanteric nail coated with antibiotic loaded cement, allowing mobility of the hip and knee joints and assisted partial loading until second step surgery...
March 2018: Arthroplasty Today
Ahmad M Radaideh, Ziad A Audat, Abdullah A Saleh
BACKGROUND Fractures of the talus are uncommon injuries that usually involve the talar neck, rather than the talar body. This report is of a rare case of combined left talar neck fracture and adjacent joint dislocation with an ipsilateral bimalleolar ankle fracture. CASE REPORT A 37-year-old man presented with an injury to his left foot following a motor vehicle accident. When he presented to the hospital emergency department, his left foot and ankle were swollen, the overlying skin was intact but badly contused, and there was no neurovascular deficit...
March 20, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
Nao Yoshida, Shintaro Yamazaki, Masahiko Sugitani, Tadatoshi Takayama
Energy devices can cause significant thermal damage to surrounding tissues causing unanticipated organ trauma. To evaluate the safety and feasibility of a novel electric device (DD1) for soft tissue dissection. Three series of measurements were performed in a pig model. First, macro- and microscopic tissue damage was compared between the DD1 and an electric scalpel (ES). Second, the time course of tissue temperature was measured for the DD1 and three other energy devices (ES, Harmonic and LigaSure). Third, the time required for mobilization of a peripheral artery of the intestine was compared between the DD1 and manual, non-energized forceps...
2018: Bioscience Trends
Tomasz Sipko, Adam Paluszak, Agnieszka Siudy
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of sacroiliac joint (SIJ) mobilization and/or self-mobilization on the level of soft tissue pain threshold in 21- to 23-year-old asymptomatic women (n = 20). METHODS: The FPIX Wagner Algometer was applied to compute the pressure pain threshold (PPT) over the right and left side of the iliolumbar ligament and lumbar erector spinae (L3). Measurements were taken of the right SIJ before and after a randomized protocol of oscillating mobilization, self-mobilization, and placebo treatment...
March 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Kivanc Atesok, Nobuhiro Tanaka, Andrew O'Brien, Yohan Robinson, Dachling Pang, Donald Deinlein, Sakthivel Rajaram Manoharan, Jason Pittman, Steven Theiss
"Spinal Cord Injury without Radiographic Abnormality" (SCIWORA) is a term that denotes objective clinical signs of posttraumatic spinal cord injury without evidence of fracture or malalignment on plain radiographs and computed tomography (CT) of the spine. SCIWORA is most commonly seen in children with a predilection for the cervical spinal cord due to the increased mobility of the cervical spine, the inherent ligamentous laxity, and the large head-to-body ratio during childhood. However, SCIWORA can also be seen in adults and, in rare cases, the thoracolumbar spinal cord can be affected too...
2018: Advances in Orthopedics
Brian P Chalmers, Graham D Pallante, Michael J Taunton, Rafael J Sierra, Robert T Trousdale
BACKGROUND: Revision THA to treat recurrent instability can itself be complicated by recurrent instability, and when this occurs, this problem is difficult to treat. Some patients' THAs will continue to dislocate despite use of a constrained liner. One option in this difficult-to-treat group is conversion to a dual-mobility (DM) construct, but there are few data on this approach. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) What were the Harris hip scores in a small group of patients whose constrained liners were converted to DM constructs to treat recurrent dislocation? (2) What were the redislocation, rerevision, and DM construct retention rates in these patients? METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of a longitudinally maintained institutional database maintained by individuals other than the treating surgeons to identify patients undergoing conversion of constrained liners to DM constructs in revision THA from 2011 to 2014...
February 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Olivier Grémy, Laurent Miccoli, Faustine Lelan, Sandra Bohand, Michel Cherel, Marie Mougin-Degraef
In this study, we assessed the efficacy of unilamellar 110-nm liposomes encapsulating the chelating agent diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) in plutonium-exposed rats. Rats were contaminated by intravenous administration of the soluble citrate form of plutonium. The comparative effects of liposomal and free DTPA at similar doses were examined in terms of limitation of alpha activity burden in rats receiving various treatment regimens. Liposomal DTPA given at 1 h after contamination more significantly prevented the accumulation of plutonium in tissues than did free DTPA...
March 12, 2018: Radiation Research
William N Levine, Julian J Sonnenfeld, Brian Shiu
Operative treatment of the unstable shoulder historically has a high success rate. However, the complication rate has risen. This article reviews the pearls and pitfalls to attempt to elucidate the etiology for these complications and failures. Preoperative assessment of the unstable shoulder ultimately is critical to avoid complications, including history, physical examination, and key radiographic features. Intraoperative techniques include appropriate soft tissue mobilization, multiple points of fixation, avoidance of hardware-related problems, and appropriate management of the capsule and bone defects...
April 2018: Clinics in Sports Medicine
Yi-Ling Cai, Jin-Tao Ju, Wen-Bao Liu, Jian Zhang
Introduction: Forward surgical teams (FSTs) have been used as highly mobile surgical facilities that provide "damage control" medical support in modern wars. FST regiments differ greatly in different armed services and nations. We systemically reviewed the utilization of FSTs around the world with an emphasis on the medical conditions and workloads encountered by FSTs in modern wars. Materials and Methods: We searched for terms related to FSTs, such as "Forward Surgical Team" and "Field Surgical Team," in the PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and MEDLINE databases and collected any articles that provided numerical data on the organization of medical personnel combat casualty characteristics, including the casualty composition, injury types and locations, and mechanisms of injury, and surgical procedures performed...
March 1, 2018: Military Medicine
Matthew P Abdel
Dislocation after revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) continues to be one of the most common and concerning complications after the procedure. As with every hip arthroplasty, it is essential to optimize component positioning, minimize impingement, and maintain the integrity of the abductor complex during the revision THAs. However, in several revision circumstances, additional strategies are required to mitigate the risk of dislocation, particularly those being revised for instability or those with cognitive or neuromuscular disorders...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
Dirk H Alander, Shari Cui
Percutaneous pedicle screw fixation has evolved as a useful tool in the management of spinal trauma. As a minimally invasive approach, it provides the stability of open instrumentation while limiting blood loss, avoiding excessive muscle/soft-tissue insult, and improving postoperative pain and mobilization. Muscle-dilating techniques also preserve greater paraspinal muscle volume and strength compared with open midline approaches. In patients with spinal trauma, the use of percutaneous instrumentation and indirect reduction can theoretically preserve the fracture hematoma and its osteogenic inflammatory factors...
March 1, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Ji Qi, Shaoqun Zhang, Lei Zhang, Ruiyue Ping, Kaike Ping, Da Ye, Honggui Shen, Yili Chen, Yikai Li
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to preliminarily explore the effects of the soft tissue mobilization of pushing on Qiao-Gong (MPQ) on biomechanical properties of the carotid artery using an animal model of carotid atherosclerosis (CAS). METHODS: Fifty rabbits were randomly divided into 4 groups: animals with CAS treated with MPQ (CAS-MPQ [n = 15]); animals with CAS treated without MPQ (CAS [n = 15]); normal animals treated with MPQ (normal-MPQ [n = 10]); and a blank control group (n = 10)...
February 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Safdar Shah, Muhammad Danial Ali Shah, Abeer Fatima, Fawad Nasrullah, Wajid Ali, Irfan Ahmed Gorya
We describe a case of a 26-year man with complaints of suprapubic pain and burning micturition for two weeks and intermittent hematuria for two months. On physical examination, there was palpable mobile pelvic mass measuring 10x10 cm. Both testes were palpable in the scrotum. CT scan abdomen revealed well-defined, soft tissue mass, about 11x10 cm between rectum and urinary bladder. Mass showed internal necrotic changes and enhancement along the walls. No calcification was seen. Exploratory laparotomy was done...
March 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Henry G Spratt, David Levine, Julie Bage, David K Giles, A Grace Collier
Soft tissue mobilization and massage requiring lotions or creams are commonly used interventions in outpatient rehabilitation clinics. For at least 50 years hand creams used in healthcare settings have been found to be contaminated by bacteria. The purpose of this study was to determine the current state of bacterial contamination of lotions used in clinics and to determine the efficacy of lotion preservatives to kill bacteria. Unopened containers of lotions were studied, along with 81 lotion containers used in 22 outpatient clinics in southeast Tennessee and northwest Georgia...
February 26, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Addison Williams Andrews, Richard Pine
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Nocturnal lower limb cramps are sudden, intensely painful, and can decrease sleep, increase anxiety, and reduce quality of life. The purpose of this case report is to describe the effectiveness of an evidence-based physical therapy intervention for a person with lower limb cramps. CASE DESCRIPTION: The patient was a 34-year-old female who presented with idiopathic bilateral lower limb foot pain and cramps. INTERVENTION: Rehabilitation addressed muscle strength, joint mobility, soft tissue extensibility, and biomechanical influences during functional movement, for a total of seven sessions over seven weeks...
February 26, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Tae Hwan Ahn, Sung Bin Cho
Most cases of severely contracted nose require revision rhinoplasty and septoplasty, wherein preoperative and/or intraoperative expansion of nasal soft tissue is necessary for tension-free revision surgery. The present study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of pre- and postoperative adjuvant therapy using polydeoxyribonucleotide (PDRN) and invasive, pulsed-type, bipolar, alternating current radiofrequency (RF) for revision surgery of a contracted nose. In total, 30 patients were treated with 16 sessions (8 preoperative sessions and 8 postoperative sessions) of intralesional injection of PDRN and invasive RF treatment using microneedle electrodes at 1-week intervals...
January 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Shannon Robalino, Sarange B Nyakang'o, Fiona R Beyer, Chris Fox, Louise M Allan
BACKGROUND: The annual prevalence of falls in people with dementia ranges from 47 to 90%. Falls are a common reason for hospital admission in people with dementia, and there is limited research evidence regarding the care pathways experienced by this population. In addition to immediate management of an injury, prevention of further falls is likely to be an important part of any successful intervention. This review aims to assess the effectiveness of interventions for improving the physical and psychological wellbeing of people with dementia who have sustained a fall-related injury...
February 20, 2018: Systematic Reviews
Antonio Cortese, Mario Caggiano, Giuseppe Pantaleo, Massimo Amato, Pier P Claudio
BACKGROUND: Mandibular reconstruction after ablative surgery is challenging not only for the amount of bone tissue needed following bone loss after benign or malignant tumor surgical removal, but mainly to reconstruct bone shape and structure necessary for subsequent implant insertion to preserve the function (speech, swallowing and chewing) and aesthetic of the lower face. Several different techniques for maxillary bone defects reconstruction have been described. The aim of our work is to describe a new technique for mandibular reconstruction that uses an intramural distractor, which is placed in one surgical step and without the need for a skin incision...
February 9, 2018: Minerva Stomatologica
Arif Karmali
Objective: To describe the successful conservative management of a patient with chronic degenerative knee pain. Clinical Features: An active 47 year-old female office-worker with intermittent right knee pain inferolateral to the right patella for eight months described difficulty ascending stairs, sitting on a chair for one hour, and squatting. A physical exam led to the diagnosis of a suspected chronic degenerative tear of the posterior horn of the right medial meniscus and chronic right subpatellar chondrosis, in addition to extensive cartilaginous degeneration revealed by an MRI study conducted prior to initial presentation...
December 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
Sofia Morão, Rita S Ferreira, Nelson Camacho, Vanda Pratas Vital, J Pascoal, M Emília Ferreira, L Mota Capitão, Frederico B Gonçalves
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic non-iatrogenic vascular injuries in children are rare and rarely discussed in literature. Paediatric vascular injuries pose a set of challenges mainly because of continued growth and development in a child or adolescent. The purpose of the study is to characterize management strategies and outcomes in these cases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Single-centre retrospective review of patients less than age 18 years (paediatric age) with acute, non-iatrogenic traumatic vascular injuries between January 2009 and December 2015...
February 8, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
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