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Soft tissue mobilization

Jennifer Xu, Alejandro Sisniega, Wojciech Zbijewski, Hao Dang, J Webster Stayman, Michael Mow, Xiaohui Wang, David H Foos, Vassillis E Koliatsos, Nafi Aygun, Jeffrey H Siewerdsen
PURPOSE: A cone-beam CT scanner has been developed for detection and monitoring of traumatic brain injury and acute intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) at the point of care. This work presents a technical assessment of imaging performance and dose for the scanner in phantom and cadaver studies as a prerequisite to clinical translation. METHODS: The scanner incorporates a compact, rotating-anode x-ray source and a flat-panel detector (43 × 43 cm(2)) on a mobile U-arm gantry with source-axis distance = 550 mm and source-detector distance = 1000 mm...
October 2016: Medical Physics
Srinivas M Naren Satya, Kamala Retnam Mayilvaganan, V N Amogh, B V Balakrishna, Munnangi Satya Gautam, Ivvala Sai Prathyusha
BACKGROUND: Cysticercosis is a parasitic infection caused by the larval stages of the pork tapeworm, Taenia solium. The subcutaneous form of the disease is a relatively rare clinical entity. Despite its rarity, it is imperative for a radiologist to be aware of this subcutaneous form of the disease and its various radiological patterns while evaluating any subcutaneous swelling. In this paper, we aimed to describe a typical case of 'subcutaneous cysticercosis involving the left anterior chest wall' with high resolution ultrasound findings...
2016: Polish Journal of Radiology
Belfor Antonio Galaz, Rodrigo Hernan Acevedo
Ultrasound poroelastography is an imaging modality used to characterize the temporal behavior of soft tissue that can be modeled as a solid permeated by interconnected pores filled with liquid (poroelastic medium). It could be useful in the stage classification of lymphedema. Generally, time-constant models are applied to strain images, and precision of the fitting process, computational cost and versatility in response to changes in tissues properties are crucial aspects of clinical applications. In the work described here, we performed creep experiments on poroelastic phantoms and used rheologic models to visualize the changes in viscoelastic response associated with fluid mobility...
October 17, 2016: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Massimo Del Fabbro, Stefano Corbella, Patrick Sequeira-Byron, Igor Tsesis, Eyal Rosen, Alessandra Lolato, Silvio Taschieri
BACKGROUND: When primary root canal therapy fails, periapical lesions can be retreated with or without surgery. Root canal retreatment is a non-surgical procedure that involves removal of root canal filling materials from the tooth, followed by cleaning, shaping and obturating of the canals. Root-end resection is a surgical procedure that involves exposure of the periapical lesion through an osteotomy, surgical removal of the lesion, removal of part of the root-end tip, disinfection and, commonly, retrograde sealing or filling of the apical portion of the remaining root canal...
October 19, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
John S Mason, Michael Crowell, Jeffery Dolbeer, Jamie Morris, Aspen Terry, Shane Koppenhaver, Donald Lee Goss
BACKGROUND: Recently, dry needling has emerged as a popular treatment for muscular pain and impairments. While there are numerous studies detailing the benefits of dry needling for pain, few studies exist examining the effects on soft tissue mobility. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine if the addition of hamstring dry needling to a standard stretching program results in greater improvements in hamstring flexibility compared to sham dry needling and stretching in subjects with atraumatic knee pain...
October 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Michael Stiller, Rainer Mengel, Sebastian Becher, Bernhard Brinkmann, Barbara Peleska, Esther Kluk
BACKGROUND: This retrospective study evaluated soft-tissue grafting as a surgical treatment option for peri-implantitis in case of unsuitable basic skeletal morphology of the alveolar bone and lack of keratinized mucosa. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients (21 females, 7 males, at a mean age 59.4 years) were included with a total of 54 implants. All implants showed peri-implantitis and attached keratinized buccal mucosa of ≤2 mm. A surgical procedure of soft-tissue grafting (STG) was made by inserting an inlay and inlay-onlay transplant...
December 2015: Int J Implant Dent
Corey Pew, Glenn K Klute
Amputees often experience soft tissue breakdown and discomfort from the high transverse plane shear stresses between the residual limb and prosthesis. To evaluate the effects of varying the transverse plane stiffness, a small sample population of lower limb amputees wore a novel variable stiffness torsion adapter (VSTA). Peak transverse plane moments were evaluated for three fixed stiffness levels (compliant: 0.30Nm/°, intermediate: 0.57Nm/°, stiff: 0.91Nm/°) while participants traversed five tasks of daily living that emphasize transverse plane motion including: straight walking for reference, 90° turns, 180° turns, a static reach test, and the L-Test of functional mobility...
October 4, 2016: Gait & Posture
A Dangin, N Tardy, M Wettstein, O May, N Bonin
With the development of conservative hip surgery techniques, new entities such as microinstability have been identified. Microinstability is a painful supra-physiological mobility of the hip. It results from the association of architectural and functional abnormalities impairing joint stability. These risk factors concern hip joint bone architecture or peri-articular soft tissues. Bone abnormalities are identified on hip assessment parameters. Soft tissues also play a key role in the static and dynamic stability of the hip: the joint capsule, labrum, ligamentum teres and adjacent myotendinous structures affect joint coaptation; any abnormality or iatrogenic lesion concerning these structures may constitute a risk factor for microinstability...
October 12, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Chibueze Onyemkpa, Tolutope Oyasiji
INTRODUCTION: Pleomorphic hyalinizing angiectatic tumors are a rare group of tumors that are currently classified as benign tumors of unknown differentiation. To our knowledge, less than 100 cases have been reported in literature. We report a case that presented in the groin - an uncommon location for this rare tumor. CASE REPORT: A 75 year-old female presented with a seven-year history of painless right groin mass with rapid growth of 2 year duration. On physical examination, a firm and mobile mass was identified in the right groin...
October 8, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Gamal Abdel-Fattah
OBJECTIVE: Rarely the tonsillar pillars and the soft palate became adherent to the posterior nasopharyngeal wall by strong fibrous tissue due to excessive dissection and cauterization during surgery leading to nasopharyngeal stenosis. Therefore, many treatment modalities are being tried to cure this problem. The aim of this study is to explore our results of modifying the basic technique to accommodate those patients with combined nasopharyngeal stenosis and tonsillar pillars adhesions in one stage...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Reghan J Hill
Gel-electrophoresis has been demonstrated in recent decades to successfully sort a great variety of nanoparticles according to their size, charge, surface chemistry, and corona architecture. However, quantitative theoretical interpetations have been limited by the number and complexity of factors that influence particle migration. Theoretical models have been fragmented and incomplete with respect to their counterparts for free-solution electrophoresis. This paper unifies electrokinetic models that address complex nanoparticle corona architectures, corona and gel charge regulation (e...
September 28, 2016: Soft Matter
Scott W Cheatham, Matt Lee, Matt Cain, Russell Baker
BACKGROUND: Instrument assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM) is a popular treatment for myofascial restriction. IASTM uses specially designed instruments to provide a mobilizing effect to scar tissue and myofascial adhesions. Several IASTM tools and techniques are available such as the Graston® technique. Currently, there are no systematic reviews that have specifically appraised the effects of IASTM as a treatment or to enhance joint range of motion (ROM). PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to systematically appraise the current evidence assessing the effects of IASTM as an intervention to treat a musculoskeletal pathology or to enhance joint ROM...
September 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
I-Han Chiang, Chia-Chun Wu, Shyi-Gen Chen, Chih-Hsin Wang
Soft tissue defects exposing the patellar tendon or bone are common in patients who have experienced trauma or implant infection. The purpose of this article is to present our experience of six patients who underwent reconstruction of soft tissue defects of the knee using a pedicled medial sural perforator flap. Between November 2013 and November 2015, six patients who presented with a soft tissue defect overlying the knee were admitted to our hospital. After adequate debridement or wide excision of the tumour, these patients underwent pedicled medial sural perforator flap placement to resurface the complex soft tissue defects and to provide a gliding surface for the exposed patellar tendon...
October 3, 2016: International Wound Journal
A García-Kass, A Herrero-Sánchez, G Esparza-Gómez
The cancer which appears in the mobile portion of the tongue is the most common neoplasm of the oral cavity. The objective of this study was to analyse oral tongue cancer epidemiology in a population of 610 patients diagnosed between 1990 and 2008 and detailed in the Tumour Registry of the Madrid region. _Material and Methods: A retrospective analysis based on the following variables provided in the Tumour Registry was achieved: age, gender, histology, stage, location, treatment. Descriptive and analytic statistics with these variables, using Pearson's Chi-square test to study the relationship between the qualitative variables...
October 1, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Min Lu, Zhuo Liu, Bo Li, Gang Wang, Dechuan Li, Yuping Zhu
BACKGROUND: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been shown to have crucial regulatory roles in human cancer biology. LncRNA PANDAR is a novel identified lncRNA that was previously reported to be increased in various cancers; however, its effect in colorectal cancer (CRC) remains unknown. The aim of this study was to explore the expression and role of lncRNA PANDAR in CRC. METHODS: The expression of lncRNA PANDAR was examined in CRC samples and cell lines by qRT-PCR...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Mohammad Umar Mumtaz, Fiaz Ahmad, Altaf Ahmad Kawoosa, Imtiyaz Hussain, Iftikhar Wani
INTRODUCTION: Rolando fractures being intra-articular fractures of the most mobile joint of the thumb, assume significance because any residual incongruity of the articular surface may result in loss of motion as well as secondary osteoarthritis and hence serious disability. This fracture continues to pose difficulties to the treating surgeons and although several treatment options have been described for these fractures, there are no definite guidelines. METHODS: The present study describes the results of open reduction and internal fixation of nine Rolando fractures with large and single fragments, using mini T-plate and screws...
August 2016: Journal of Hand and Microsurgery
Alejandro Ferragut-Garcías, Gustavo Plaza-Manzano, Cleofás Rodríguez-Blanco, Olga Velasco-Roldán, Daniel Pecos-Martín, Jesús Oliva-Pascual-Vaca, Bartomeu Llabrés-Bennasar, Ángel Oliva-Pascual-Vaca
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a protocol involving soft tissue techniques and/or Neural Mobilization Techniques in the management of patients with Frequent episodic tension-type headache (FETTH) and Chronic tension-type headache (CTTH). DESIGN: Randomized controlled, double blind, placebo control and before-after trial. SETTING: Rehabilitation area of Son Llatzer Hospital and Fisioplanet Centre PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-seven patients (78 women; 19 men) diagnosed with FETTH or CTTH, were randomly assigned to groups A, B, C or D...
September 10, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Andrew C Hollingsworth, Douglas M Bowley, Jonathan B Lundy
OBJECTIVES: Contemporary medical operations support a mobile, nonconventional force involved in nation building, counterinsurgency, and humanitarian operations. Prior reports have described surgical care for disease and nonbattle injuries (DNBI). The purpose of this report is to describe the prevalence and scope of DNBI managed by general surgeons in a contemporary, deployed medical facility. METHODS: A 2-year retrospective review of the operative logbook from the U...
September 2016: Military Medicine
Christopher E Gross, Samuel B Adams, Mark Easley, James A Nunley, James K DeOrio
: Background Impingement may be an underreported problem following modern total ankle replacements (TARs). The etiology of impingement is unclear and likely multifactorial. Because of the lack of conservative treatment options for symptomatic impingement after TAR, surgery is often necessary. Methods We retrospectively identified a consecutive series of 1001 primary TARs performed between January 1998 and December 2014. We identified patients who required a secondary surgery to treat soft-tissue and bony impingement by either an open or arthroscopic procedure...
September 5, 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Antonio Agostini, Ludmila Gorunova, Bodil Bjerkehagen, Ingvild Lobmaier, Sverre Heim, Ioannis Panagopoulos
Lipomas are common benign soft tissue tumors whose genetic and cytogenetic features are well characterized. The karyotype is usually near- or pseudodiploid with characteristic structural chromosomal aberrations. The most common rearrangements target the high mobility group AT-hook 2 (HMGA2) gene in 12q14.3, with breakpoints occurring within or outside of the gene locus leading to deregulation of HMGA2. The most common fusion partner for HMGA2 in lipoma is lipoma-preferred partner (3q27), but also other genes frequently recombine with HMGA2...
September 2016: Oncology Letters
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