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Soft tissue mobilization

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783556/foot-structure-is-significantly-associated-to-subtalar-joint-kinetics-and-mechanical-energetics
#1
Jayishni N Maharaj, Andrew G Cresswell, Glen A Lichtwark
INTRODUCTION/AIM: Foot structure has been implicated as a risk factor of numerous overuse injuries, however, the mechanism linking foot structure and the development of soft-tissue overuse injuries are not well understood. The aim of this study was to identify factors that could predict foot function during walking. METHODS: A total of eleven variables (including measures of foot structure, anthropometry and spatiotemporal gait characteristics) were investigated for their predictive ability on identifying kinematic, kinetic and energetic components of the foot...
July 21, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781791/intra-articular-angiofibroma-of-soft-tissue-of-the-knee-a-case-report
#2
Yuuya Hashino, Jun Nishio, Akira Maeyama, Mikiko Aoki, Kazuki Nabeshima, Takuaki Yamamoto
Angiofibroma of soft tissue (AFST) is an extremely rare soft tissue neoplasm that typically presents as a slow-growing, painless mass in the extremities. The present study reports an unusual case of an intra-articular AFST occurring in the left knee of a 23-year-old female. Physical examination revealed a 3-cm, relatively mobile, elastic-hard, non-tender mass. Magnetic resonance imaging detected an intra-articular soft tissue mass with iso-signal intensity relative to skeletal muscle on T1-weighted sequences and heterogeneous high signal intensity on T2-weighted sequences...
August 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765610/high-mobility-group-box-1-protein-level-as-a-novel-biomarker-for-the-development-of-peri-implant-disease
#3
Jinpan Liu, Ronghui Li, Tongjun Liu, Xiaohui Rausch-Fan, Mingguo Wang
Peri-implant disease is a chronic inflammation of the soft and hard tissues around a dental implant, resulting from bacterial infection. Recent evidence indicates that some pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines released by immunocytes are substantially responsible for the progress and consequence of inflammation. High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is released into the extracellular matrix and acts as a key pro-inflammatory factor during injury, necrosis and inflammation. A higher concentration of HMGB1 has been found in gingival crevicular fluid from inflammatory gingival tissue than from healthy sites...
August 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753925/pilot-study-using-a-chitosan-hydroxyapatite-implant-for-guided-alveolar-bone-growth-in-patients-with-chronic-periodontitis
#4
Fabiola Vaca-Cornejo, Héctor Macías Reyes, Sergio H Dueñas Jiménez, Ricardo A Llamas Velázquez, Judith M Dueñas Jiménez
Periodontitis is an infectious and inflammatory disease associated with significant loss of alveolar crest and soft tissue attached to the teeth. Chitosan and hydroxyapatite are biomaterials used for bone tissue repair because of their biodegradability and biocompatibility in nature. The present study evaluated the effects of chitosan (CH) in combination with hydroxyapatite (HAP) to promote alveolar bone growth. A chitosan implant mixed with hydroxyapatite was implanted into the affected area of 9 patients suffering chronic periodontitis...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750962/conservative-management-of-temporomandibular-dysfunction-a-literature-review-with-implications-for-clinical-practice-guidelines-narrative-review-part-2
#5
REVIEW
Raymond Butts, James Dunning, Ron Pavkovich, Jersey Mettille, Firas Mourad
The effective management of temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD) requires a thorough understanding of the pathoanatomic factors that drive the underlying condition. After reviewing the etiology associated with TMD in Part 1 of this narrative review, the temporomandibular joint capsule, articular disc and muscles of mastication emerged as key players. (http://dx.doi.org/10.​1016/​j.​jbmt.​2017.​05.​017) Part 2 focuses on conservative treatment strategies best able to reduce the pain and disability associated with TMD...
July 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746241/upper-lip-reconstruction
#6
Edward A Luce
Reconstruction of an aesthetically acceptable and functional upper lip requires a careful consideration of the transverse and vertical soft tissue, muscle and skin, deficiency. This review focuses on the reconstructive aspects of the upper lip.The functional anatomy of the upper lip is considerably complex and includes paired muscles in addition to the orbicularis, elevators of both the upper lip and commissure. The muscular action of facial expression recruits different sets of these paired muscles. Unlike the aesthetic uniform appearance of the lower lip commissure to commissure, the upper lip aesthetics can be divided into a central, the philtrum unit, and a lateral upper lip unit...
July 12, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737555/l-shaped-septal-extension-spreader-graft-for-improvement-of-tip-symmetry-in-unilateral-cleft-lip-nose-deformities
#7
Serkan Sertel, Ioana-Irina Venara-Vulpe, François Gorostidi, Anthony de Buys Roessingh, Philippe Pasche
INTRODUCTION: The unilateral cleft lip nose is characterized by numerous complex and interdependent deformities. Secondary rhinoplasty techniques aim to correct cleft lip nose deformities by using multiple maneuvers combining septum and nasal spine medialization and alar cartilage, as well as soft tissue mobilization and repositioning. Moreover, cartilage grafting is frequently used to restore adequate tip projection and nasal symmetry. We present a technique of cartilage grafting commonly used in noncleft rhinoplasties that we modified for cases of moderate cleft lip nose deformities...
July 22, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734659/comparative-effectiveness-study-between-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-and-conventional-wound-dressing-on-perforator-flap-at-the-chinese-tertiary-referral-teaching-hospital
#8
Regis Ernest Mendame Ehya, Yong Zhao, Xun Zheng, Wanrong Yi, Guy-Armel Bounda, Zonghuan Li, Weidong Xiao, Aixi Yu
BACKGROUND: Perforator flap techniques with conventional wound dressing have being extensively used in the management of soft-tissue defects. However; the flap's survival rate is not always guaranteed and the wound healing time always long. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical effectiveness use of a freshly transplanted perforator flap in conjunction with Vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) for better clinical outcomes. METHODS: A prospective, randomized, effectiveness study comparing the clinical outcomes of VAC versus traditional wrap and bandages for the treatment of open wounds that required hospital admission and operative debridement using perforator flaps, was carried out from March 1, 2014 to March 31, 2016 at Wuhan University Zhongnan Hospital...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734577/characterization-of-a-pvl-negative-community-acquired-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-strain-of-sequence-type-88-in-china
#9
Lu Sun, Dandan Wu, Yan Chen, Qian Wang, Haiping Wang, Yunsong Yu
Sequence type 88 community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) strain SR434, isolated from an outpatient with skin and soft tissue infection, was subjected to whole genome sequencing, antimicrobial susceptibility testing, mouse skin infection model and hemolysis analysis to identify its virulence and resistance determinants. MRSA strain SR434 is resistant to clindamycin, erythromycin and fosfomycin. Four plasmids with resistance genes were identified in this strain, including a 20,658bp blaZ-carrying plasmid, a 2473bp ermC-carrying plasmid, a 2622bp fosB7-carrying plasmid (86% identity with plasmid in a ST2590 MRSA strain) and a 4817bp lnuA-carrying plasmid (99% identity with pLNU4 from bovine coagulase-nagetive Staphylococci)...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Medical Microbiology: IJMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731294/the-bioinorganic-chemistry-of-lead-in-the-context-of-its-toxicity
#10
Wolfgang Maret
Owing to its abundance on earth and its multiple uses by humans, lead (Pb) is a major toxicant that has threatened human health for millennia and continues to do so. There is no safe level of exposure, necessitating a nuanced approach to its control in the food we consume, the water we drink, and the air we breathe. Turnover in soft tissues is within days. In contrast, lead accumulates in bone and turns over with a half-life of about 30 years, though it can be mobilized from bone under physiological and pathophysiological conditions of bone resorption...
April 10, 2017: Metal Ions in Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721995/comparative-evaluation-of-laser-microtextured-implant-versus-machined-collar-implant-for-soft-and-hard-tissue-attachment-a-clinical-and-radiological-study
#11
Saroj Kumar Rath, Manab Kosala, Ankit Gupta
BACKGROUND: Various mechanical modifications in the collar region of endosseous implants is a challenge for better performance and osseointegration. Here is a comparative evaluation being carried out to find out the effect of the machined collar (MC) and Laser-Lok (LL)-modified titanium implants on the success of implants being commonly advocated in partially edentulous among serving personnel and their families. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four patients with appropriate inclusion and exclusion criteria were selected for placement of Biohorizons MC and LL implants in 12 cases each...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717396/intraoperative-radiotherapy-review-of-techniques-and-results
#12
REVIEW
Avinash Pilar, Meetakshi Gupta, Sarbani Ghosh Laskar, Siddhartha Laskar
Intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) is a technique that involves precise delivery of a large dose of ionising radiation to the tumour or tumour bed during surgery. Direct visualisation of the tumour bed and ability to space out the normal tissues from the tumour bed allows maximisation of the dose to the tumour while minimising the dose to normal tissues. This results in an improved therapeutic ratio with IORT. Although it was introduced in the 1960s, it has seen a resurgence of popularity with the introduction of self-shielding mobile linear accelerators and low-kV IORT devices, which by eliminating the logistical issues of transport of the patient during surgery for radiotherapy or building a shielded operating room, has enabled its wider use in the community...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714788/acute-effects-and-perceptions-of-deep-oscillation-therapy-for-improving-hamstring-flexibility
#13
Zachary K Winkelmann, Ethan J Roberts, Kenneth E Games
CONTEXT: Hamstring inflexibility is typically treated using therapeutic massage, stretching, and soft tissue mobilization. An alternative intervention is deep oscillation therapy (DOT). Currently, there is a lack of evidence to support DOT's effectiveness to improve flexibility. OBJECTIVE: To explore the effectiveness of DOT to improve hamstring flexibility. DESIGN: Randomized single-cohort. SETTING: Research laboratory...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699306/strategies-for-building-a-successful-ultrasound-guided-fna-practice-in-department-of-pathology-experience-at-a-university-hospital
#14
Maoxin Wu, Kenneth R Shroyer
INTRODUCTION: Although pathology services focused on fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy of superficial palpable masses with on-site cytological evaluation are available in a wide range of clinical and academic settings, the addition of ultrasound (US) guidance into FNA practice by a cytopathologist group can be challenging. An US-FNA service provided by a cytopathologist in the department of Pathology is a relatively new practice in the field of medicine. This report summarizes our experience and strategies in achieving this objective and our successful preliminary results...
July 11, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686335/infection-and-apoptosis-associated-with-inflammation-in-periodontitis-an-immunohistologic-study
#15
D Listyarifah, A Al-Samadi, A Salem, A Syaify, T Salo, T Tervahartiala, D Grenier, D C Nordström, T Sorsa, M Ainola
OBJECTIVE: Evidence of increased apoptosis is observed in periodontitis and may be associated with destruction of the periodontal tissue caused by the increased cell death, with the release of danger signals and subsequent stimulation of the proinflammatory processes. However, the exact mechanisms associated with these processes remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate the presence of the periodontal pathogen Treponema denticola, apoptosis, high mobility group box 1 as a damage-associated molecular pattern, and several inflammatory markers in periodontitis and gingivitis subjects...
July 7, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684075/achieved-chin-position-after-genioplasty-follows-the-planned-horizontal-change-better-than-the-planned-vertical-change
#16
Jimoh Olubanwo Agbaje, Yi Sun, Ahmed S Salem, Zhaokai Li, Kelvin Osei Adu, Constantinus Politis
PURPOSE: The soft-tissue pogonion closely follows changes of the bony pogonion, but it is unknown how often an augmented bony pogonion reaches the intended position. Here we assessed the agreement between planned surgical changes and achieved results in chin surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Surgical treatment was planned based on clinical examination, cast model analysis, and cephalometric image analysis. The mobile chin segment was stabilized using one chin plate...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674752/-operative-access-for-treatment-of-pilon-fractures
#17
REVIEW
K Klaue
BACKGROUND: Under optimal conditions, fractures of the tibial pilon can be definitively managed operatively within 6 h after the trauma. Under suboptimal conditions, preoperative antiphlogistic treatment, possibly after approximate correction and external fixation of the alignment, is a reasonable option. Osteosynthesis implies reconstruction of good joint congruency in anatomical orientation. The soft tissue coverage of the distal lower leg is relatively poorly constructed and there is a high risk of devascularization, necrosis and ensuing infection...
July 3, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667341/-locked-retrograde-fibula-nail-for-the-surgical-treatment-of-unstable-ankle-fractures
#18
S Förch, U Franz, E Mayr
OBJECTIVE: Minimally invasive surgical stabilization of ankle fractures allowing postoperative full weight bearing. INDICATIONS: Unstable ankle fractures type Weber B and C in the geriatric patients or with a critical soft tissue situation. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Ankle fractures in young patients and patients with high demands (relative contraindication). SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Closed reduction, retrograde insertion of the intramedullary nail into the fibula via a small incision, insertion of up to four locking screws using an aiming device and small incisions...
June 30, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662252/chronic-expanding-hematoma-after-metal-on-metal-total-hip-arthroplasty
#19
Wataru Ando, Kengo Yamamoto, Tsuyoshi Koyama, Yoshichika Hashimoto, Hirohiko Yasui, Takashi Tsujimoto, Masaharu Aihara, Kenji Ohzono
A 76-year-old woman who underwent bilateral metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty fell 3 years after this procedure and subsequently incurred continuous pain in her buttock. Plain radiographs showed no fracture and no loosening of the hip prosthesis. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed an abnormal, large, thick-walled mass with heterogeneous signal intensity at the right buttock. The prerevision diagnosis was adverse reaction to metal debris. The mass was surgically resected, and the metal femoral head was replaced by a dual-mobility prosthesis...
June 29, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659368/giant-lipoma-of-the-hand-causing-median-nerve-compression
#20
Kevin Clesham, John Gerard Galbraith, Ashok Ramasamy, Ahmed Karkuri
Lipomas are benign neoplasms derived from adipose tissue composed of mature adipocytes. They account for almost 50% of all soft-tissue neoplasms and occur in up to 2% of the population. They usually present asymptomatically as solitary discrete mobile lumps found most commonly on the neck, upper back, proximal limbs and chest. In less than 1% of cases, they can be found in the distal extremities.We discuss the case of a 65-year-old man who presented with a 2-year history of a slowly enlarging left palm swelling, with recent-onset numbness and loss of power in the distribution of the median nerve...
June 28, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
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