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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689754/hydrogen-absorbing-alloy-based-metal-hydride-actuation-for-application-in-rehabilitative-systems
#1
Kyong Kim, Seong Hyun Kim, Sung Hoon Kim, Chang Ho Yu
BACKGROUND: A lightweight rehabilitation assisting system is required to help the aged and disabled with daily life activities, thereby improving the quality of their lives. OBJECTIVE: This paper discusses the development of a metal-hydride (MH) actuator, with excellent heat transfer performance, for application in a rehabilitative system incorporating an MH module. METHODS: The operating mechanism of MH actuators requires that the mechanical power of the pneumatic actuator only be generated via heat transfer through a Peltier element and the absorption/desorption of a hydrogen-contained MH module...
April 10, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687166/device-assisted-tensioning-is-associated-with-lower-rates-of-graft-failure-when-compared-to-manual-tensioning-in-acl-reconstruction
#2
REVIEW
Laura Morrison, Chloe Haldane, Darren de Sa, Fawaz Findakli, Nicole Simunovic, Olufemi R Ayeni
PURPOSE: To describe (1) the current graft tensioning practices in ACL reconstruction (ACLR) and, (2) the failure rates with the use of manual tensioning, or device-assisted tensioning at the time of graft fixation. METHODS: The electronic databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PubMed were searched independently by two reviewers from database inception to search date on January 21, 2017. Inclusion criteria were studies reporting graft tensioning method and rate of graft failure...
April 23, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685628/antegrade-papillotome-navigation-as-a-novel-next-line-approach-for-internalization-of-percutaneous-transhepatic-biliary-drainage
#3
V Zimmer
There is an increasing rivalry between percutaneous transhepatic (PTBD) vs. endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage (EUS-BD) as rescue techniques after failed endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC) access. While EUS-BD procedures hold a bright future, innovations in PTBD technique are still possible and clinically meaningful, at least so, under the a conceptual framework understanding PTBD as a bridging, anatomy-respecting technology for definitive biliary metal stenting. This, however, calls for successful PTBD internalization as a sine qua non...
April 20, 2018: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681786/information-management-for-the-assistive-technology-provision-in-community-perspectives-of-local-policymakers-and-health-service-providers
#4
Suchitporn Lersilp, Supawadee Putthinoi, Sayaka Okahashi
Background: Assistive technology (AT) is a way to enhance the performance of daily activities in people with disabilities and help them live more independently. However, an important problem in providing AT lies in the effectiveness of information management. Local policymakers and health service providers have become aware of this problem and their perspectives are the key to solving it. Methods: This study explored the types of AT provided for people with disabilities in the community and the perspectives on information management of local policymakers and health service providers...
2018: Occupational Therapy International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681748/recent-progress-in-whole-genome-sequencing-high-density-linkage-maps-and-genomic-databases-of-ornamental-plants
#5
REVIEW
Masafumi Yagi
Genome information is useful for functional analysis of genes, comparative genomic analysis, breeding of new varieties by marker-assisted selection, and map-based gene isolation. Genome-related research in ornamentals plants has been relatively slow to develop because of their heterozygosity or polyploidy. Advances in analytical instruments, such as next-generation sequencers and information processing technologies have revolutionized biology, and have been applied in a large number and variety of species, including ornamental plants...
January 2018: Breeding Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681637/nutrinet-salud-m%C3%A3-xico-prospective-study-online-2018-2028-relationship-between-nutrition-and-health-and-determinants-of-dietary-habits-and-nutritional-status
#6
Jorge Armando Barriguete-Meléndez, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galán, André Parodi, Jacques Baulieux
Background: NutriNet-Salud Mexico is a digital health information system, e-epidemiology instrument, online, open and free, to recording and analysis the determinants of dietary habits and nutritional status of the Mexican population, for the prevention of overweight, obesity and noncommunicable diseases for the period 2018-2028. Objective: Describe the design, development and implementation of NutriNet-Salud Mexico from the French model NutriNet-Santé France 2008-2018...
2018: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680092/improving-value-for-patients-with-eczema
#7
Julie Block
OBJECTIVE: Chronic diseases now represent a cost majority in the United States health care system. Contributing factors to rising costs include expensive novel and emerging therapies, under-treatment of disease, under-management of comorbidities, and patient dissatisfaction with care results. Critical to identifying replicable improvement methods is a reliable model to measure value. STUDY DESIGN: If we understand value within healthcare consumerism to be equal to a patient's health outcome improvement over costs associated with care (Value=Outcomes/Costs), we can use this equation to measure the improvement of value...
April 2018: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676896/alkyne-origami-folding-oligoalkynes-into-polyaromatics
#8
Igor V Alabugin, Edgar Gonzalez-Rodriguez
Do not bend the triple bonds! This familiar undergraduate mantra must be disobeyed if the alkyne group is used as a building block in molecular construction. This Account will describe our exploits in "alkyne origami", that is, folding oligoalkynes into new shapes via cyclization cascades. This research stems from a set of guidelines for the cyclizations of alkynes that we suggested in 2011 ( Gilmore Chem. Rev. 2011 , 111 , 6513 ; Alabugin J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2011 , 133 , 12608 ). The guidelines blended critical analysis of ∼40 years of experimental research with computations into the comprehensive predictions of the relative favorability of dig-cyclizations of anions and radicals...
April 20, 2018: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676677/lessons-learnt-about-conducting-a-multilingual-nutrition-survey-in-switzerland-results-from-menuch-pilot-survey
#9
Angeline Chatelan, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Sabine Bucher, Stefan Siegenthaler, Nathalie Metzger, Christine Anne Zuberbühler, Esther Camenzind-Frey, Andrea Reggli, Murielle Bochud, Sigrid Beer-Borst
This paper informs about the implementation of the first trilingual Swiss nutrition pilot survey and lessons learnt in terms of recruitment, participation, data collection feasibility, and data management. The population-based cross-sectional nutrition pilot survey took place between June and November 2013. Six trained dietitians interviewed 276 adults aged 18-75 years residing in the cantons of Bern (German), Vaud (French) or Ticino (Italian). Food consumption was assessed with two non-consecutive computer-assisted 24-Hour Dietary Recalls (24HDR), applying a trilingual version of GloboDiet® adapted to specific requirements of Switzerland...
April 20, 2018: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Journal International de Vitaminologie et de Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672420/the-arrival-of-robotics-in-spine-surgery-a-review-of-the-literature
#10
Alexander Ghasem, Akhil Sharma, Dylan N Greif, Milad Alam, Motasem Al Maaieh
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic Review. OBJECTIVE: The authors aim to review comparative outcome measures between robotic and free-hand spine surgical procedures including: accuracy of spinal instrumentation, radiation exposure, operative time, hospital stay, and complication rates. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Misplacement of pedicle screws in conventional open as well as minimally invasive surgical procedures has prompted the need for innovation and allowed the emergence of robotics in spine surgery...
April 18, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668725/comparison-of-mental-health-screening-tools-for-detecting-antenatal-depression-and-anxiety-disorders-in-south-african-women
#11
Thandi van Heyningen, Simone Honikman, Mark Tomlinson, Sally Field, Landon Myer
BACKGROUND: Antenatal depression and anxiety disorders are highly prevalent in low and middle-income countries. Screening of pregnant women in primary care antenatal settings provides an opportunity for entry to care, but data are needed on the performance of different screening tools. We compared five widely-used questionnaires in a sample of pregnant women in urban South Africa. METHOD: Pregnant women attending a primary care antenatal clinic were administered five tools by trained research assistants: the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), the Kessler Psychological Distress scale (K10) and a shortened 6-item version (K6), the Whooley questions and the two-item Generalised Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-2)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667236/recent-advances-in-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionisation-mass-spectrometry-imaging-maldi-msi-for-in-situ-analysis-of-endogenous-molecules-in-plants
#12
Liang Qin, Yawen Zhang, Yaqin Liu, Huixin He, Manman Han, Yanyan Li, Maomao Zeng, Xiaodong Wang
INTRODUCTION: Mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) as a label-free and powerful imaging technique enables in situ evaluation of a tissue metabolome and/or proteome, becoming increasingly popular in the detection of plant endogenous molecules. OBJECTIVE: The characterization of structure and spatial information of endogenous molecules in plants are both very important aspects to better understand the physiological mechanism of plant organism. METHODS: Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry imaging (MALDI-MSI) is a commonly-used tissue imaging technique, which requires matrix to assist in situ detection of a variety of molecules on the surface of a tissue section...
April 17, 2018: Phytochemical Analysis: PCA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667139/spinal-navigation-for-minimally-invasive-thoracic-and-lumbosacral-spine-fixation-implications-for-radiation-exposure-operative-time-and-accuracy-of-pedicle-screw-placement
#13
T Tajsic, K Patel, R Farmer, R J Mannion, R A Trivedi
PURPOSE: Navigation is emerging as a useful adjunct in percutaneous, minimally invasive spinal surgery (MIS). The aim of this study was to compare C-Arm navigated, O-Arm navigated and conventional 2D-fluoroscopy assisted MIS thoracic and lumbosacral spine fixation techniques in terms of operating time, radiation exposure and accuracy of pedicle screw (PS) placement. METHODS: Retrospective observational study of 152 consecutive adults who underwent MIS fixations for spinal instability: 96 2D-fluoroscopy assisted, 39 3D-C-Arm navigated and 27 using O-Arm navigated...
April 17, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661040/use-of-augmented-fluoroscopic-imaging-during-diagnostic-bronchoscopy
#14
D Kyle Hogarth
The single pulmonary nodule evaluation is a complex problem. In particular, attempts to biopsy peripheral nodules with bronchoscopy have been hampered by difficulty navigating to the correct airway and then confirming the instruments' proximity to the nodule. Virtual systems in use do not provide real-time feedback of a live image of the nodule in question. Fluoroscopy has traditionally offered limited assistance as often the nodule is not visible and provides no information on airways/pathways to the nodule...
April 17, 2018: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659788/the-burden-and-benefits-of-caregiving-a-latent-class-analysis
#15
Teja Pristavec
Background and Objectives: Informal caregiving to older adults is a key part of the U.S. long-term care system. Caregivers' experiences consist of burden and benefits, but traditional analytic approaches typically consider dimensions independently, or cannot account for burden and benefit levels and combinations that co-occur. This study explores how benefits and burden simultaneously shape experiences of caregiving to older adults, and factors associated with experience types. Research Design and Methods: 2015 National Health and Aging Trends Study (NHATS) and National Study of Caregiving (NSOC) data were linked to obtain reports from caregivers and recipients...
April 6, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658930/preparation-and-high-temperature-anti-adhesion-behavior-of-a-slippery-surface-on-stainless-steel
#16
Pengfei Zhang, Chen Huawei, Guang Liu, Liwen Zhang, Deyuan Zhang
Anti-adhesion surfaces with high-temperature resistance have a wide application potential in electrosurgical instruments, engines, and pipelines. A typical anti-wetting superhydrophobic surface easily fails when exposed to a high-temperature liquid. Recently, Nepenthes-inspired slippery surfaces demonstrated a new way to solve the adhesion problem. A lubricant layer on the slippery surface can act as a barrier between the repelled materials and the surface structure. However, the slippery surfaces in previous studies rarely showed high-temperature resistance...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652289/iatrogenic-atrio-esophageal-fistula-following-a-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-maze-procedure-is-esophageal-instrumentation-justified-even-when-the-diagnosis-is-equivocal
#17
Shvetank Agarwal, Muhammad Salman Tahir Janjua, Paramvir Singh, Nadine Odo, Manuel R Castresana
A 74-year-old female underwent an uneventful bilateral thoracoscopic maze procedure for persistent atrial fibrillation with continuous transesophageal echocardiographic (TEE) guidance. She presented six weeks later with persistent fever and focal neurological signs. Computed tomography of the thorax revealed air in the posterior LA, raising suspicion for an abscess versus an atrioesophageal fistula (AEF). Before undergoing an exploratory median sternotomy, an esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) was performed by the surgeon to check for any esophageal pathology...
April 2018: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651631/sleep-and-self-care-correlates-before-and-after-implantation-of-a-left-ventricular-assist-device-lvad
#18
Jesus M Casida, Jean E Davis, Francis D Pagani, James E Aikens, Celeste Williams, James J Yang
The impact of sleep on LVAD patients' self-care behaviors is unknown. This study examined the patterns and changes of patients sleep quality (SQ), daytime sleepiness (DS), instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), and self-care capability (SCC) before and after LVAD. In addition, the relationships among these variables were explored. This observational study consisted of 38 subjects from two VAD Centers in Michigan. The subjects completed self-reported demographics and psychometrically sound SQ, DS, IADL, and SCC questionnaires before LVAD implant and at 1, 3, and 6 months after implant...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643203/evaluation-of-the-vitek-ms-v3-0-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry-system-for-identification-of-mycobacterium-and-nocardia-species
#19
Barbara A Body, Melodie A Beard, E Susan Slechta, Kimberly E Hanson, Adam P Barker, N Esther Babady, Tracy McMillen, Yi-Wei Tang, Barbara A Brown-Elliott, Elena Iakhiaeva, Ravikiran Vasireddy, Sruthi Vasireddy, Terry Smith, Richard J Wallace, S Turner, L Curtis, Susan Butler-Wu, Jenna Rychert
This multi-center study was designed to assess the accuracy and reproducibility of the VITEK MS v3.0 matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization--time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry system for identification of Mycobacterium and Nocardia species compared to DNA sequencing. A total of 963 clinical isolates representing 51 taxa were evaluated. In all, 663 isolates were correctly identified to the species level (69%) with another 231 (24%) correctly identified to the complex or group level. Fifty-five isolates (6%) could not be identified despite repeat testing...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630004/characteristics-of-older-adults-who-are-unable-to-perform-a-floor-transfer-considerations-for-clinical-decision-making
#20
Gunay Ardali, Rebecca A States, Lori T Brody, Ellen M Godwin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The ability to get down and up from the floor or to perform a floor transfer (FT) is a vital and useful skill for older adults at risk of falling. Little is known about the health-related factors that separate older adults who can perform FT independently from those who cannot. Therefore, the specific aims of this cross-sectional study are to (1) describe and compare health-related factors among older adults who were independent, assisted, or dependent in FT performance; and (2) establish the parallel reliability between self-reported and actual performance of FT...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
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