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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102877/feasibility-acceptability-and-construct-validity-of-eq-5d-in-systemic-sclerosis
#1
Roberta Gualtierotti, Francesca Ingegnoli, Luciana Scalone, Paolo Cortesi, Eleonora Bruschi, Maria Gerosa, Pier Luigi Meroni
BACKGROUND: Systemic sclerosis is a chronic disabling disease that is often associated with severe physical and psychological impairment. Nonetheless, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with systemic sclerosis is often left behind in clinical practice and research. One of the reasons for this lack of evaluation is the current use of tools, such as the short form-36 (SF-36) questionnaire, that are complete but complicated to use in everyday routine. Other self-reported outcome measures such as the health assessment questionnaire (HAQ) are simple, but specifically designed for physical disability...
January 19, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102790/an-adaptable-instrument-and-method-for-exploring-care-and-compassion
#2
Roger Newham, Louise Terry
Background Narratives, particularly when visual and auditory elements are added to words, reveal more about cultures and behaviours, including those present in professional and service settings. Discourse analysis (DA) enables researchers to explicate meanings and understandings linking culture and behaviour. Aim To explain the development of a DA instrument and method for a research study of caring and compassion as expressed in different media. Discussion The DA instrument assisted in systematic and multi-modal data analysis by several researchers from different countries and backgrounds...
January 23, 2017: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098957/the-risk-factors-for-postpartum-depression-a-population-based-study
#3
Michael E Silverman, Abraham Reichenberg, David A Savitz, Sven Cnattingius, Paul Lichtenstein, Christina M Hultman, Henrik Larsson, Sven Sandin
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD) can result in negative personal and child developmental outcomes. Only a few large population-based studies of PPD have used clinical diagnoses of depression and no study has examined how a maternal depression history interacts with known risk factors. The objective of this study was to examine the impact of a depression history on PPD and pre- and perinatal risk factors. METHODS: A nationwide prospective cohort study of all women with live singleton births in Sweden from 1997 through 2008 was conducted...
January 18, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098574/new-developments-in-robotics-and-single-site-gynecologic-surgery
#4
Catherine A Matthews
Within the last 10 years there have been significant advances in minimal-access surgery. Although no emerging technology has demonstrated improved outcomes or fewer complications than standard laparoscopy, the introduction of the robotic surgical platform has significantly lowered abdominal hysterectomy rates. While operative time and cost were higher in robotic-assisted procedures when the technology was first introduced, newer studies demonstrate equivalent or improved robotic surgical efficiency with increased experience...
January 17, 2017: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097934/automatic-and-quantitative-measurement-of-laryngeal-video-stroboscopic-images
#5
Chung-Feng Jeffrey Kuo, Joseph Kuo, Shang-Wun Hsiao, Chi-Lung Lee, Jih-Chin Lee, Bo-Han Ke
The laryngeal video stroboscope is an important instrument for physicians to analyze abnormalities and diseases in the glottal area. Stroboscope has been widely used around the world. However, without quantized indices, physicians can only make subjective judgment on glottal images. We designed a new laser projection marking module and applied it onto the laryngeal video stroboscope to provide scale conversion reference parameters for glottal imaging and to convert the physiological parameters of glottis. Image processing technology was used to segment the important image regions of interest...
January 2017: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096687/coaching-and-barriers-to-weight-loss-an-integrative-review
#6
REVIEW
Karen Fernanda Muñoz Obino, Caroline Aguiar Pereira, Rafaela Siviero Caron-Lienert
INTRODUCTION: Coaching is proposed to raise a patient's awareness and responsibility for their health behaviour change by transforming the professional-patient relationship. OBJECTIVE: To review the scientific literature on how coaching can assist in weight loss and improve a patient's state of health. METHODOLOGY: An integrative literature search was performed using PubMed, Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences, and Scientific Electronic Library Online...
2017: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092969/problem-internet-use-and-internet-gaming-disorder-a-survey-of-health-literacy-among-psychiatrists-from-australia-and-new-zealand
#7
Pravin Dullur, Phillipa Hay
OBJECTIVES: Research is limited on psychiatrists' opinions on the concepts of Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) and Problematic Internet Use (PIU). We aimed to assess health literacy among psychiatrists on IGD/PIU. METHODS: A self-report survey was administered online to members of the Royal Australia and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists (RANZCP) ( n=289). RESULTS: The majority (93.7%) were familiar with the concepts of IGD/PIU. The majority (78...
January 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092341/unilateral-spinous-process-non-covering-hook-type-patient-specific-drill-template-for-thoracic-pedicle-screw-fixation-a-pilot-clinical-trial-and-template-classification
#8
Sang Bum Kim, Yougun Won, Hyun Jin Yoo, Lee Jae Sin, John M Rhee, Sang Wook Lee, Gi-Soo Lee
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective Clinical Pilot tudy OBJECTIVE.: To confirm the accuracy of thoracic pedicle screw placement by using the unilateral spinous non-covering hook type patient-specific drill template (PSDT) made through rapid prototyping (RP) and to analyze previously reported PSDT designs and their characteristics. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Pedicle screw fixation is the most common form of the posterior instrumentation of the thoracic and lumbar spine. Various techniques have been introduced to improve pedicle screw placement...
January 13, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092209/executive-function-is-an-important-consideration-for-coping-strategy-use-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#9
Lisa B Grech, Litza A Kiropoulos, Katherine M Kirby, Ernest Butler, Mark Paine, Robert Hester
INTRODUCTION: Executive function deficits are prevalent in people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS), and PwMS use less adaptive coping than healthy controls. This cross-sectional study assessed whether there is a relationship between executive function and coping in PwMS. METHOD: One hundred and seven participants with relapsing remitting or secondary progressive MS (n = 83 and 24, respectively; age M = 48.8 ± 11.1 years) completed measures of coping and executive function...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092076/determination-of-trace-elements-in-cow-placenta-by-tungsten-coil-atomic-emission-spectrometry
#10
Daniel A Gonçalves, Ana C Soncin, George L Donati, Mirian C Dos Santos
Tungsten coil atomic emission spectrometry (WCAES) is used to determine trace levels of Mn (403.1 nm) and Cr (425.5 nm) in cow placenta. All samples were collected in Ilha Solteira, SP, Brazil. The instrumental setup is based on a tungsten filament extracted from 150 W, 15 V microscope light bulbs, a solid state power supply, fused silica lens, crossed Czerny-Turner spectrograph, and a thermoelectrically cooled charge-coupled device detector. The limits of detection (LOD) and quantification (LOQ) for Cr are 2 and 8 μg L(-1), and 20 and 60 μg L(-1) for Mn, respectively...
January 16, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089573/what-is-a-difficult-transfer-analysis-of-7-714-embryo-transfers-the-impact-of-maneuvers-during-embryo-transfers-on-pregnancy-rate-and-a-proposal-of-objective-assessment
#11
Alejandro Kava-Braverman, Francisca Martínez, Ignacio Rodríguez, Manuel Álvarez, Pedro N Barri, Buenaventura Coroleu
OBJECTIVE: To establish the relationship between the degree of difficulty of ET and pregnancy rate (PR), with a view to proposing an algorithm for the objective assessment of ET. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational study. SETTING: In vitro fertilization unit. PATIENT(S): Women undergoing assisted reproductive technology (ART) with ET after IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection, in whom fresh embryo transfer or frozen-thawed embryo transfer was performed...
January 12, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073736/development-of-an-educational-game-to-set-up-surgical-instruments-on-the-mayo-stand-or-back-table-applied-research-in-production-technology
#12
Crislaine Pires Padilha Paim, Silvia Goldmeier
BACKGROUND: Existing research suggests that digital games can be used effectively for educational purposes at any level of training. Perioperative nursing educators can use games to complement curricula, in guidance and staff development programs, to foster team collaboration, and to give support to critical thinking in nursing practice because it is a complex environment. OBJECTIVE: To describe the process of developing an educational game to set up surgical instruments on the Mayo stand or back table as a resource to assist the instructor in surgical instrumentation training for students and nursing health professionals in continued education...
January 10, 2017: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070685/porcine-spine-finite-element-model-a-complementary-tool-to-experimental-scoliosis-fusionless-instrumentation
#13
Bahe Hachem, Carl-Eric Aubin, Stefan Parent
PURPOSE: Developing fusionless devices to treat pediatric scoliosis necessitates lengthy and expensive animal trials. The objective was to develop and validate a porcine spine numerical model as an alternative platform to assess fusionless devices. METHODS: A parametric finite element model (FEM) of an osseoligamentous porcine spine and rib cage, including the epiphyseal growth plates, was developed. A follower-type load replicated physiological and gravitational loads...
January 9, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070464/the-acceptability-of-tv-based-game-platforms-as-an-instrument-to-support-the-cognitive-evaluation-of-senior-adults-at-home
#14
Carlos Rivas Costa, Manuel José Fernández Iglesias, Luis Eulogio Anido Rifón, Miguel Gómez Carballa, Sonia Valladares Rodríguez
INTRODUCTION: The computing capabilities of state-of-the-art television sets and media centres may facilitate the introduction of computer-assisted evaluation at home. This approach would help to overcome the drawbacks of traditional pen-and-paper evaluations administered in clinical facilities, as they could be performed in a more comfortable environment, the subject's home, and they would be more flexible for designing complex environments for the evaluation of neuropsychological constructs that are difficult to assess through traditional testing...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069045/improving-nursing-home-care-through-feedback-on-performance-data-inform-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#15
Matthias Hoben, Peter G Norton, Liane R Ginsburg, Ruth A Anderson, Greta G Cummings, Holly J Lanham, Janet E Squires, Deanne Taylor, Adrian S Wagg, Carole A Estabrooks
BACKGROUND: Audit and feedback is effective in improving the quality of care. However, methods and results of international studies are heterogeneous, and studies have been criticized for a lack of systematic use of theory. In TREC (Translating Research in Elder Care), a longitudinal health services research program, we collect comprehensive data from care providers and residents in Canadian nursing homes to improve quality of care and life of residents, and quality of worklife of caregivers...
January 10, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062471/pharmacological-guidelines-for-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review-and-comparison-of-recommendations-for-the-first-episode
#16
Dolores Keating, Stephen McWilliams, Ian Schneider, Caroline Hynes, Gráinne Cousins, Judith Strawbridge, Mary Clarke
OBJECTIVES: Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) support the translation of research evidence into clinical practice. Key health questions in CPGs ensure that recommendations will be applicable to the clinical context in which the guideline is used. The objectives of this study were to identify CPGs for the pharmacological treatment of first-episode schizophrenia; assess the quality of these guidelines using the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation II (AGREE II) instrument; and compare recommendations in relation to the key health questions that are relevant to the pharmacological treatment of first-episode schizophrenia...
January 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059784/an-international-comparative-study-on%C3%A2-driving-regulations-on-people-with%C3%A2-dementia
#17
You Joung Kim, Hoyoung An, Binna Kim, Young Shin Park, Ki Woong Kim
Over 40% of people with dementia drive, with a two to five times greater accident risk than controls. This has fueled public concerns about the risk of traffic accidents by drivers with dementia (DWD). We compared driving regulations on seniors and DWD between ten European and Asia-Pacific countries to identify key implications for national strategies. Moderate to severe dementia was a reason for driver's license revocation in all countries. However, regulations on mild dementia varied considerably, with most basing their decisions on severity, rather than simply the presence of dementia...
December 3, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058008/laparoscopic-liver-resection-for-posterosuperior-tumors-using-caudal-approach-and-postural-changes-a-new-technical-approach
#18
EDITORIAL
Zenichi Morise
Laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) for tumors in the posterosuperior liver [segment (S) 7 and deep S6] is a challenging clinical procedure. This area is located in the bottom of the small subphrenic space (rib cage), with the large and heavy right liver on it when the patient is in the supine position. Thus, LLR of this area is technically demanding because of the handling of the right liver which is necessary to obtain a fine surgical view, secure hemostasis and conduct the resection so as to achieve an appropriate surgical margin in the cage...
December 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053211/optical-screening-for-rapid-antimicrobial-susceptibility-testing-and-for-observation-of-phenotypic-diversity-among-the-genetically-clonal-species-bacillus-anthracis
#19
Heather P McLaughlin, Amy S Gargis, Pierre Michel, David Sue, Linda M Weigel
: During high-impact events involving Bacillus anthracis, such as the Amerithrax incident of 2001 or the anthrax outbreaks in Russia and Sweden in 2016, critical decisions to reduce morbidity and mortality include rapid selection and distribution of effective antimicrobial agents for treatment and post-exposure prophylaxis. Detection of antimicrobial resistance currently relies on a conventional broth microdilution (BMD) method that requires a 16 - 20 hour incubation time for B. anthracis Advances in high-resolution optical screening offer a new technology to more rapidly evaluate antimicrobial susceptibility and to simultaneously assess growth characteristics of an isolate...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053070/automated-microsampling-technologies-and-enhancements-in-the-3rs
#20
L David Hopper
Data collected in vivo is essential for advising decisions on drug screening and development and basic research, and animal models are used extensively for acquiring experimental measurements. Traditionally, collection of specimens has been invasive, stressful to animal subjects, labor intensive, time-consuming and costly, and required many animals when using small models with low fluid volumes, such as rats or mice. Utilizing automated microsampling (AMS) alone or in an integrative pharmacology approach to evaluate multiple physiological, pharmacokinetic, and pharmacodynamic endpoints simultaneously in the same animal accomplishes multiple experimental goals...
December 2016: ILAR Journal
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