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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644727/impact-of-time-and-assisted-donning-on-respirator-fit
#1
Brian Rembialkowski, Margaret Sietsema, Lisa Brosseau
The goal of this study was to examine the impact of assistance with donning and time on quantitative fit factors (FF) and pass rates for subjects wearing an N95 filtering facepiece respirator (FFR) and a non-certified adhesive mask. Fit factors were measured using two side-by-side TSI Portacount instruments sampling second-by-second simultaneous inside- and outside-facepiece concentrations. Naïve subjects made two visits at least one week apart. At each visit subjects first donned either the respirator or adhesive mask without assistance and performed a five-exercise fast fit test...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643493/identification-of-viridans-streptococci-with-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry-by-an-in-house-method-and-a-commercially-available-system
#2
Catalina Suzana Stingu, Klaus Eschrich, Juliane Thiel, Toralf Borgmann, Reiner Schaumann, Arne C Rodloff
Two matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS)-based methods were compared for their ability to identify viridans streptococci. One approach employed a reference database and software developed in-house. All inhouse measurements were performed using an Autoflex II Instrument (Bruker Daltonics GmbH, Germany). The other system, a VITEK-MS (BioMérieux, France) was operated on the commercially available V2.0 Knowledge Base for Clinical Use database. Clinical isolates of viridans streptococci (n=184) were examined...
September 2017: Annals of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643386/risks-and-trends-of-red-blood-cell-transfusion-in-obstetric-patients-a-retrospective-study-of-45-213-deliveries-using-administrative-data
#3
Nadine Shehata, Michaël Chassé, Jo Ann Colas, Malia Murphy, Alan J Forster, Ann K Malinowski, Robin Ducharme, Dean A Fergusson, Alan Tinmouth, Kumanan Wilson
BACKGROUND: Transfusion data for obstetric patients are scarce. Identifying characteristics associated with red blood cell transfusion (RBCT) is of importance to better identify patients who would benefit from blood conservation strategies as the risk of alloimmunization from RBCT has the potential to affect the fetus and newborn. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using hospital administrative data to identify trends and risk factors of RBCT in obstetric patients...
June 22, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642825/initial-development-of-the-early-intensive-behavioral-intervention-parental-self-efficacy-scale-a-pilot-study
#4
Aaron Blocher-Rubin, Paige Krabill
Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention (EIBI) is an effective treatment for children with autism. However, it is known that some parents struggle to fully implement the program, and providers are not always able to identify the specifics of each family's individualized challenges. The purpose of this pilot study was to begin the process of developing a new instrument, the EIBI Parental Self-Efficacy (EPSE) Scale, to help providers better assess and assist parents in regard to EIBI implementation. The methodology included four phases: scale construction, expert review, pretest administration, and a large sample pilot study (N = 192)...
2017: Autism Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636678/measurement-properties-of-patient-reported-outcome-measures-proms-used-in-adult-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-systematic-review
#5
Olalekan Lee Aiyegbusi, Derek Kyte, Paul Cockwell, Tom Marshall, Adrian Gheorghe, Thomas Keeley, Anita Slade, Melanie Calvert
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) can provide valuable information which may assist with the care of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, given the large number of measures available, it is unclear which PROMs are suitable for use in research or clinical practice. To address this we comprehensively evaluated studies that assessed the measurement properties of PROMs in adults with CKD. METHODS: Four databases were searched; reference list and citation searching of included studies was also conducted...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635352/a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-two-types-of-retractors-at-caesarean-delivery
#6
Abbey J Hardy-Fairbanks, Todd Mackenzie, Martin McCarthy, Marlene B Goldman, Michele R Lauria
The aim of this study was to determine if the use of a self-retaining, symmetrical retractor (OB/Mobius(®)) during caesarean delivery is associated with differences in post-operative pain experience. Consenting women undergoing caesarean delivery were randomly assigned to OB/Mobius(®) versus conventional retraction instruments. Women were blinded to retractor type and filled out surgical pain surveys each post-operative day. Additional outcome variables were collected through a provider survey and chart review...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634562/a-simple-bone-cyst-in-cervical-vertebrae-of-an-adolescent-patient
#7
Adriana Bruges Boude, Lina González Vásquez, Fernando Alvarado-Gomez, María Constanza Bedoya, Andrés Rodríguez-Múnera, Luis Carlos Morales-Saenz
INTRODUCTION: Spinal simple bone cysts, also known as solitary cysts, are extremely unusual benign primary bone tumors with few cases reported in the literature. CASE PRESENTATION: Incidental Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) finding of a C2 Simple bone cyst in a 13-year-old female patient is reported. Complementary studies suggested the benign nature of the lesion. Patient underwent cervical curettage followed by tumor excision. A lateral submandibular approach to the upper cervical spine was used and careful bone resection was possible with a radiofrequency assisted burr and no instrumentation or fixation was required...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630851/vacuum-assisted-closure-in-patients-with-post-operative-infections-after-instrumented-spine-surgery-a-series-of-12-cases
#8
Maya Kale, Pravin Padalkar, Varshil Mehta
INTRODUCTION: Post-operative wound infections after spinal surgery is a very serious problem, leading to a risk of significant morbidity which may even lead to prolonged hospitalization. Various treatment protocols have been recommended for debridement, antibiotic, and soft-tissue management, but with mixed results. However, the risk of morbidity is still high with these treatment options. Vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) system has been gaining popularity recently in the management of subacute, acute, and chronic wounds...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623099/consensus-statement-on-definitions-and-nomenclature-for-robotic-thoracic-surgery
#9
Robert Cerfolio, Brian E Louie, Alexander S Farivar, Mark Onaitis, Bernard J Park
OBJECTIVES: Robotic thoracic operations are increasing, and new robotic systems are imminent. A definition of what constitutes a robotic thoracic operation and a nomenclature to detail the technique used is needed to accurately compare outcomes. METHODS: The American Association of Thoracic Surgeons Guideline Committee appointed an expert consensus writing committee to construct definitions and nomenclature for robotic thoracic surgery. A PubMed search was generated and after vetting and review of the literature a consensus statement was reached...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621705/hyperspectral-iasi-l1c-data-compression
#10
Joaquín García-Sobrino, Joan Serra-Sagristà, Joan Bartrina-Rapesta
The Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI), implemented on the MetOp satellite series, represents a significant step forward in atmospheric forecast and weather understanding. The instrument provides infrared soundings of unprecedented accuracy and spectral resolution to derive humidity and atmospheric temperature profiles, as well as some of the chemical components playing a key role in climate monitoring. IASI collects rich spectral information, which results in large amounts of data (about 16 Gigabytes per day)...
June 16, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621182/-non-intubated-uniportal-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-vats-lobectomy-as-a-new-procedure-in-our-department
#11
József Furák, Zsolt Szabó, Theodor Horváth, Tibor Géczi, Balázs Pécsy, Tibor Németh, Aurél Ottlakán, Zsolt Molnár, György Lázár
AIM: Due to the emerging experience in VATS (video assisted thoracic surgery) lobectomies, in some centers the so called "non-intubated" VATS lobectomies (NITS - non-intubated thoracic surgery) gained increased authority, during which endotracheal intubation and muscle relaxation of the patient is not carried out, thus surgery is being performed with the patient breathing spontaneously. The recent study deals with our initial experience gained during uniportal NITS VATS lobectomies. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Between 24...
June 2017: Magyar Sebészet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619230/innovative-financing-instruments-for-global-health-2002-15-a-systematic-analysis
#12
Rifat Atun, Sachin Silva, Felicia M Knaul
Development assistance for health (DAH), the value of which peaked in 2013 and fell in 2015, is unlikely to rise substantially in the near future, increasing reliance on domestic and innovative financing sources to sustain health programmes in low-income and middle-income countries. We examined innovative financing instruments (IFIs)-financing schemes that generate and mobilise funds-to estimate the quantum of financing mobilised from 2002 to 2015. We identified ten IFIs, which mobilised US$8·9 billion (2·3% of overall DAH) in 2002-15...
July 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616601/minimally-invasive-surgery-for-gastric-cancer-in-brazil-current-status-and-perspectives-a-report-from-the-brazilian-laparoscopic-oncologic-gastrectomy-group-blogg
#13
REVIEW
Paulo Kassab, Wilson Luiz da Costa, Carlos Eduardo Jacob, Roberto de Moraes Cordts, Osvaldo Antônio Prado Castro, Leandro Cardoso Barchi, Ivan Cecconello, Amir Zeide Charruf, Felipe José Fernández Coimbra, Antônio Moris Cury, Alessandro Landskron Diniz, Igor Correia de Farias, Wilson Rodrigues de Freitas, André Luis de Godoy, Elias Jirjoss Ilias, Carlos Alberto Malheiros, Marcus Fernando Kodama Pertille Ramos, Heber Salvador de Castro Ribeiro, André Roncon Dias, Fábio Rodrigues Thuler, Osmar Kenji Yagi, Laércio Gomes Lourenço, Bruno Zilberstein
The minimally invasive surgery for gastric cancer in Brazil has begun about two years after the first laparoscopic gastrectomy (LG) performed by Kitano in Japan, in 1991. Although the report of first surgeries shows the year of 1993, there was no dissemination of the technique until the years 2010. At that time with the improvement of optical devices, laparoscopic instruments and with the publications coming from Asia, several Brazilian surgeons felt encouraged to go to Korea and Japan to learn the standardization of the LG...
2017: Translational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616292/uniportal-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-left-upper-lobectomy-and-systematic-lymph-node-dissection-with-fused-fissure
#14
Ying Chen, Jun-Tao Lin, Song Dong, Xue-Ning Yang, Yi-Long Wu, Wen-Zhao Zhong
As surgical proficiency and the development of medical techniques have improved, uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) has emerged as a minimally invasive alternative in the surgical management of lung cancer. The spectrum of uniportal VATS indications is now almost equal to that of conventional VATS. Recent decades have witnessed the emergence of numerous uniportal VATS techniques. A significant proportion of these have to be converted into a multiport approach and even open thoracotomy due to the difficulty of managing the upper lobe vein and bronchus, particularly for the technically challenging left upper lobectomy...
May 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615902/translation-and-adaptation-of-stroke-aphasia-depression-questionnaire-10-to-hindi
#15
Harsimarpreet Kaur, Sakshi Chopra, R M Pandey, Rohit Bhatia, Ashima Nehra
BACKGROUND: Depression is one of the most researched emotional responses after stroke and shows that the emotional impact of aphasia can have a marked negative impact on recovery, response to rehabilitation, and psychosocial adjustment. There is an evident dearth of validated instruments to assess depression in people with aphasia including Hindi, the national language of the country. AIMS: The aim of this study was to translate and adapt the original English version of widely used hospital version of Stroke Aphasia Depression Questionnaire (SADQ-10) to Hindi...
April 2017: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615409/outcome-tools-for-diabetes-specific-quality-of-life-study-performed-in-a-private-family-practice-clinic
#16
Rajesh Nair, Paul Kachan
OBJECTIVE: To critically review and evaluate the psychometric properties and practical considerations of administering generic and diabetes-specific quality-of-life (QoL) tools in the clinical environment and provide recommendations. DATA SOURCES AND TOOL SELECTION: A MEDLINE search was carried out from January 1950 to August 2015 using the MeSH terms diabetes, quality of life, and questionnaires. Four generic and 4 diabetes-specific tools were selected based on the frequency of their use and the existence of published evidence of strong psychometric properties in patients with diabetes (either type 1 or 2)...
June 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614521/-pharmaceutical-assistance-in-mental-health-a-diagnosis-of-psychosocial-care-centers
#17
Sarah Nascimento Silva, Marina Guimarães Lima
The study evaluated the conditions of Pharmaceutical Assistance (PA) in Psychosocial Care Centers (CAPS) through a cross-sectional study in 15 CAPS located in the Médio Paraopeba region of the State of Minas Gerais. Data collection was conducted through direct observation of CAPS and interviews with pharmacists and managers of PA. The instruments were based on indicators proposed by the WHO, technical documents for the organization of PA, from legislation and recommendations seeking pharmaceutical Best Practices...
June 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613836/design-and-performance-of-a-novel-interface-for-combined-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-at-elevated-pressure-and-electrospray-ionization-with-orbitrap-mass-spectrometry
#18
Mikhail E Belov, Shane R Ellis, Marialaura Dilillo, Martin R L Paine, William F Danielson, Gordon A Anderson, Eric L De Graaf, Gert B Eijkel, Ron M A Heeren, Liam A McDonnell
Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization, MALDI, has been increasingly used in a variety of biomedical applications, including tissue imaging of clinical tissue samples, and in drug discovery and development. These studies strongly depend on the performance of the analytical instrumentation and would drastically benefit from improved sensitivity, reproducibility and mass / spatial resolution. In this work, we report on a novel combined MALDI/ESI interface, which was coupled to different Orbitrap mass spectrometers (Elite™ and Q Exactive™ Plus) and extensively characterized with peptide and protein standards, and in tissue imaging experiments...
June 14, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612382/vaccinium-meridionale-swartz-extracts-and-their-addition-in-beef-burgers-as-antioxidant-ingredient
#19
Alexis López-Padilla, Diana Martín, David Villanueva Bermejo, Laura Jaime, Alejandro Ruiz-Rodriguez, Claudia Estela Restrepo Flórez, Diana Marsela Rivero Barrios, Tiziana Fornari
BACKGROUND: Vaccinium meridionale Swartz (mortiño) constitute a source of bioactive phytochemicals, but the studies related to its efficient and green production is scarce. Pressurized liquid extraction (PLE) and ultrasound assisted extraction were compared for mortiño extraction. Total phenolic compounds (TPC) and antioxidant capacity (ABTS•+) were determined. Beef burgers with 2% of mortiño (MM) or its PLE extract (ME) were manufactured. Lipid oxidation (TBARS) and instrumental color changes were measured after refrigerated storage...
June 14, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610403/functional-disability-in-women-submitted-to-breast-cancer-treatment
#20
Nayara Priscila Dantas de Oliveira, Thais Sousa Rodrigues Guedes, Ayrton Martins Holanda, Mariane Albuquerque Reis, Clecia Patrocínio da Silva, Barbara Layse Rocha e Silva, Gilmara Celli Maia de Almeida, Dyego Leandro Bezerra de Souza
The objective of the study presented herein was to verify the prevalence of functional disability and its associated factors in women submitted to breast cancer treatment. A cross-sectional study was carried out, in 101 women diagnosed with malignant breast cancer neoplasm, who underwent cancer treatment at least 12 months before the study, and remained under clinical monitoring. Functional disability was measured by the DASH instrument. Data collection included variables related to socioeconomic characteristics, life habits, health conditions, clinical tumor characteristics and therapeutic approach...
May 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
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