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Marijuana medical uses

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886657/receipt-of-addiction-treatment-as-a-consequence-of-a-brief-intervention-for-drug-use-in-primary-care-a-randomized-trial
#1
Theresa W Kim, Judith Bernstein, Debbie M Cheng, Christine Lloyd-Travaglini, Jeffrey H Samet, Tibor P Palfai, Richard Saitz
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Screening, brief intervention and 'referral to treatment' programs have been widely promoted as US federal policy. Little is known about the efficacy of the RT component (referral to treatment) of brief intervention for motivating patients with unhealthy drug use identified by screening to use addiction treatment. This study aimed to compare receipt of addiction treatment following two types of brief intervention for drug use vs a no-intervention control group among primary care patients screening positive for drug use...
November 25, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855317/the-design-of-medical-marijuana-laws-and-adolescent-use-and-heavy-use-of-marijuana-analysis-of-45-states-from-1991-to-2011
#2
Julie Johnson, Dominic Hodgkin, Sion Kim Harris
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between U.S. state medical marijuana laws (MML), the most liberal category of marijuana policies before legalization, their specific provisions, and adolescent past-30-day use and heavy marijuana use. METHODS: This quasi-experimental study used state Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) data collected during 1991-2011 from 45 states (N=715,014) to examine MML effects, taking advantage of heterogeneity across states in MML status and design...
November 4, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846066/prevalence-and-patterns-of-marijuana-use-in-young-adults-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#3
Uma Padhye Phatak, Danilo Rojas-Velasquez, Anthony Porto, Dinesh S Pashankar
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies in adults report symptom relief with marijuana use in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We assessed the prevalence, pattern, effects and adverse effects of marijuana use in young adults with IBD. METHODS: We conducted a prospective questionnaire survey study at a pediatric IBD clinic. All patients (18 to 21 years of age) answered anonymous questionnaires about demographics, IBD, medications and marijuana use. RESULTS: Fifty-three patients (Mean age 18...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835662/marijuana-use-is-associated-with-behavioral-approach-and-depressive-symptoms-in-adolescents-and-emerging-adults
#4
Natasha E Wright, Danny Scerpella, Krista M Lisdahl
BACKGROUND: Repeated CB1 binding due to THC results in downregulation of the endocannabinoid system in cortex and limbic regions, perhaps disrupting frontolimbic functioning. This is particularly a concern in young adults who are still undergoing neurodevelopment in frontal and limbic regions. Such disruptions may be linked to increased depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, and executive dysfunction, and decreased behavioral approach. OBJECTIVES: Here we examine the influence of young adult marijuana use on anxiety, depressive symptoms, behavioral approach, and executive dysfunction...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833768/stroke-from-vasospasm-due-to-marijuana-use-can-cannabis-synergistically-with-other-medications-trigger-cerebral-vasospasm
#5
Marium Jamil, Atif Zafar, Syed Adeel Faizi, Ifrah Zawar
We present a case of imaging proven cerebral vasospasm causing ischemic stroke in a young patient chronically on buprenorphine-naloxone for heroin remission who started smoking cannabis on a daily basis. With cannabis legalization spreading across the states in the USA, it is important for physicians not only to be aware of cannabis reported association with cerebral vasospasm in some patients but also to be on the lookout for possible interacting medications that can synergistically affect cerebral vessels causing debilitating strokes...
2016: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833195/a-virtue-analysis-of-recreational-marijuana-use
#6
Ezra Sullivan, Nicanor Austriaco
: Several empirical studies suggest that recreational marijuana is popularly perceived as an essentially harmless rite of passage that ends as young people settle into their careers and their adult intimate relationships. Is this perception accurate? To answer this question, we evaluate the morality of recreational marijuana use from a virtue perspective guided by the theological synthesis of St. Thomas Aquinas. Since the medical data reveals that recreational marijuana use is detrimental to the well-being of the user, we conclude that it is a vicious activity, an instance of the vice of intoxication, and as such would be morally illicit...
May 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832442/cannabinoids-in-the-management-of-musculoskeletal-or-rheumatic-diseases
#7
REVIEW
Mary-Ann Fitzcharles, Winfried Häuser
The endocannabinoid system impacts pain and inflammation with potential for therapeutic effect on patients with rheumatic diseases. The current treatment options include the herbal product derived from the plant Cannabis sativa, as well as pharmaceutical preparations. The legalization of medicinal cannabis (marijuana) in many jurisdictions and widespread public advocacy has propelled an interest in use either by prescription or self-medication. In this review, we examine current evidence for efficacy and adverse effects of any cannabinoid product in rheumatic conditions...
December 2016: Current Rheumatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831789/information-diffusion-in-the-evaluation-of-medical-marijuana-laws-impact-on-risk-perception-and-use
#8
Xinguang Jim Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824781/practical-aspects-of-discussing-marijuana-in-a-new-era
#9
Sean R Lenoue, Narin Wongngamnit, Christian Thurstone
The use of marijuana for the treatment of medical conditions is a highly controversial topic. Misconceptions by both patients and providers concerning the safety of and evidence-based indications for marijuana can complicate treatment planning and outcomes. Maintaining skills such as motivational interviewing, providing evidence-based informed consent, and increasing access to care remain top priorities for providing quality patient care. The goal of this article is to offer guidance to clinical providers who are adapting to the changing realities of medical marijuana and legalized recreational marijuana...
November 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799014/effect-of-marijuana-use-on-thyroid-function-and-autoimmunity
#10
Sonali Malhotra, Rubina A Heptulla, Peter Homel, Roja Motaghedi
BACKGROUND: Marijuana is legalized for medical use in 24 states and for recreational use in 5. However, effects of marijuana use on thyroid function and autoimmunity are unknown. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) conducted between 2007 and 2012 to assess the effects of marijuana on thyroid function and autoimmunity in users. We included 5280 adults ages 18 to 69 years, who responded to questions related to marijuana use and had laboratory results related to thyroid parameters...
December 5, 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798074/stability-of-tetrahydrocannabinol-and-cannabidiol-in-prepared-quality-control-medible-brownies
#11
Carl E Wolf, Justin L Poklis, Alphonse Poklis
The legalization of marijuana in the USA for both medicinal and recreational use has increased in the past few years. Currently, 24 states have legalized marijuana for medicinal use. The US Drug Enforcement Administration has classified marijuana as a Schedule I substance. The US Food and Drug Administration does not regulate formulations or packages of marijuana that are currently marketed in states that have legalized marijuana. Marijuana edibles or "medibles" are typically packages of candies and baked goods consumed for medicinal as well as recreational marijuana use...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797687/pseudo-underage-assessment-of-compliance-with-identification-regulations-at-retail-marijuana-outlets-in-colorado
#12
David B Buller, W Gill Woodall, Robert Saltz, Randall Starling
OBJECTIVE: Four states are creating a regulated industry for the retail sale of cannabis products. This pilot study assessed refusal rates of sales to underage-appearing individuals without valid identification (ID) at retail outlets in Colorado. METHOD: State-licensed retail marijuana outlets (n = 20) in Colorado were included in the sample. Pseudo-underage assessment teams of a buyer and an observer visited each retail outlet once between 11 A.M. and 5 P.M. on four weekdays in August 2015...
November 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790138/splendor-in-the-grass-a-pilot-study-assessing-the-impact-of-medical-marijuana-on-executive-function
#13
Staci A Gruber, Kelly A Sagar, Mary K Dahlgren, Megan T Racine, Rosemary T Smith, Scott E Lukas
Currently, 25 states and Washington DC have enacted full medical marijuana (MMJ) programs while 18 states allow limited access to MMJ products. Limited access states permit low (or zero) tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and high cannabidiol (CBD) products to treat specified conditions such as uncontrolled epilepsy. Although MMJ products are derived from the same plant species as recreational MJ, they are often selected for their unique cannabinoid constituents and ratios, not typically sought by recreational users, which may impact neurocognitive outcomes...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757048/medical-cannabis-the-canadian-perspective
#14
Gordon D Ko, Sara L Bober, Sean Mindra, Jason M Moreau
Cannabis has been widely used as a medicinal agent in Eastern medicine with earliest evidence in ancient Chinese practice dating back to 2700 BC. Over time, the use of medical cannabis has been increasingly adopted by Western medicine and is thus a rapidly emerging field that all pain physicians need to be aware of. Several randomized controlled trials have shown a significant and dose-dependent relationship between neuropathic pain relief and tetrahydrocannabinol - the principal psychoactive component of cannabis...
2016: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755989/state-level-medical-marijuana-laws-marijuana-use-and-perceived-availability-of-marijuana-among-the-general-u-s-population
#15
Silvia S Martins, Christine M Mauro, Julian Santaella-Tenorio, June H Kim, Magdalena Cerda, Katherine M Keyes, Deborah S Hasin, Sandro Galea, Melanie Wall
BACKGROUND: Little is known on how perceived availability of marijuana is associated with medical marijuana laws. We examined the relationship between medical marijuana laws (MML) and the prevalence of past-month marijuana use, with perceived availability of marijuana. METHODS: Data were from respondents included in the National Survey of Drug Use and Health restricted use data portal 2004-2013. Multilevel logistic regression of individual-level data was used to test differences between MML and non-MML states and changes in prevalence of past-month marijuana use and perceived availability from before to after passage of MML among adolescents, young adults and older adults controlling for demographics...
December 1, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742490/the-impact-of-adolescent-exposure-to-medical-marijuana-laws-on-high-school-completion-college-enrollment-and-college-degree-completion
#16
Andrew D Plunk, Arpana Agrawal, Paul T Harrell, William F Tate, Kelli England Will, Jennifer M Mellor, Richard A Grucza
BACKGROUND: There is concern that medical marijuana laws (MMLs) could negatively affect adolescents. To better understand these policies, we assess how adolescent exposure to MMLs is related to educational attainment. METHODS: Data from the 2000 Census and 2001-2014 American Community Surveys were restricted to individuals who were of high school age (14-18) between 1990 and 2012 (n=5,483,715). MML exposure was coded as: (i) a dichotomous "any MML" indicator, and (ii) number of years of high school age exposure...
November 1, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719666/cannabis-a-treasure-trove-or-pandora-s-box
#17
Katalin Solymosi, Attila Köfalvi
Cannabis is one of the earliest cultivated plants. Cannabis of industrial utility and culinary value is generally termed as hemp. Conversely, cannabis that is bred for medical, spiritual and recreational purposes is called marijuana. The female marijuana plant produces a significant quantity of bio- and psychoactive phytocannabinoids, which regained the spotlight with the discovery of the endocannabinoid system of the animals in the early 90's. Nevertheless, marijuana is surrounded by controversies, debates and misconceptions related to its taxonomic classification, forensic identification, medical potential, legalization and its long-term health consequences...
October 4, 2016: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701009/cannabis-and-its-effects-on-driving-skills
#18
Percy Bondallaz, Bernard Favrat, Haïthem Chtioui, Eleonora Fornari, Philippe Maeder, Christian Giroud
Traffic policies show growing concerns about driving under the influence of cannabis, since cannabinoids are one of the most frequently encountered psychoactive substances in the blood of drivers who are drug-impaired and/or involved in accidents, and in the context of a legalization of medical marijuana and of recreational use. The neurobiological mechanisms underlying the effects of cannabis on safe driving remain poorly understood. In order to better understand its acute and long-term effects on psychomotor functions involved in the short term ability and long-term fitness to drive, experimental research has been conducted based on laboratory, simulator or on-road studies, as well as on structural and functional brain imaging...
September 16, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693866/demographic-and-clinical-characteristics-of-current-comorbid-psychiatric-disorders-in-a-randomized-clinical-trial-for-adults-with-stimulant-use-disorders
#19
Diane Warden, Katherine Sanchez, Tracy Greer, Thomas Carmody, Robrina Walker, Adriane Dela Cruz, Marisa Toups, Chad Rethorst, Madhukar H Trivedi
This study aimed to determine if current comorbid psychiatric disorders differ in adults with cocaine use disorder, other stimulant (primarily methamphetamine) use disorder, or both, and identify demographic and clinical characteristics in those with increasing numbers of comorbid disorders. Baseline data from a randomized controlled trial beginning in residential settings (N=302) was used. Mood disorders were present in 33.6%, and anxiety disorders in 29.6%, with no differences among stimulant use disorder groups...
September 15, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660881/use-of-marijuana-for-medical-purposes
#20
EDITORIAL
Jarosław Pinkas, Piotr Jabłoński, Michal Kidawa, Waldemar Wierzba
Cannabis is the most popular illicit drug on the European market. Over 16 million young Europeans have used it at least once in the last few years. The recent trends in the consumption of marihuana differ between countries. Some countries face an increase in the prevalence of cannabis use, including Poland, where the level cannabis use has been systematically increasing since the 1990's. According to a recent ESPAD study, 19% of Polish adolescents aged 15-16 have used cannabis in the last year. Marihuana is also a leading substance when analyzing the data of seizures and crimes...
September 2016: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
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