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Marijuana medical uses

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144146/legalization-of-recreational-marijuana-and-community-sales-policy-in-oregon-impact-on-adolescent-willingness-and-intent-to-use-parent-use-and-adolescent-use
#1
Julie C Rusby, Erika Westling, Ryann Crowley, John M Light
Studies investigating the impact of medical marijuana legalization have found no significant changes in adolescent use. In one of the few studies focused on recreational marijuana, we investigated how recreational marijuana legalization and community sales policy influenced factors that likely impact youth use (youth willingness and intent to use, parent use) as well as youth use. Legalization of recreational marijuana in Oregon coincided with our study on adolescent substance use. Cohort 1 transitioned from 8th to 9th grade prior to legalization and Cohort 2 made this transition during legalization (N = 444; 53% female)...
November 16, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131695/time-since-first-acting-on-same-sex-attraction-and-recreational-drug-use-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-is-there-an-effect-of-gay-age
#2
Cara E Rice, Sara A Vasilenko, Stephanie T Lanza, John A Davis, Karen S Fields, Melissa Ervin, Abigail Norris Turner
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) have higher rates of substance use compared to men who have sex with women. Among MSM, drug use is linked to higher-risk sexual behavior and acquisition of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesize that time since first acting on one's same sex attraction, or one's "gay age", could be predictive of drug using behavior. METHODS: We examined this question among 176 MSM, aged 18-35, presenting at a public sexual health clinic...
November 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125218/marijuana-use-and-associated-motives-in-colorado-university-students
#3
Kristina T Phillips, Trent L Lalonde, Michael M Phillips, Maryia M Schneider
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug among college students, with heavy use leading to negative outcomes. Use of marijuana for medical and recreational purposes in select U.S. states has been controversial, with concerns surrounding increased prevalence rates and harm. The current exploratory study aimed to assess marijuana use in college students in Colorado, demographic differences in frequency of use, and motives for using. METHODS: College students (N = 300; 61% female) were recruited through introductory psychology courses and completed a series of questionnaires and a marijuana urine screen...
November 10, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117931/electronic-brief-intervention-and-text-messaging-for-marijuana-use-during-pregnancy-initial-acceptability-of-patients-and-providers
#4
Justin Gray, Jessica R Beatty, Dace S Svikis, Karoline S Puder, Ken Resnicow, Janine Konkel, Shetoya Rice, Lucy McGoron, Steven J Ondersma
BACKGROUND: Marijuana is the most widely used illicit substance during pregnancy. Technology-delivered brief interventions and text messaging have shown promise in general and pregnant samples but have not yet been applied to marijuana use in pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate, among pregnant women and prenatal care providers, the acceptability of an electronic brief intervention and text messaging plan for marijuana use in pregnancy...
November 8, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108735/emergency-department-patient-burden-from-an-electronic-dance-music-festival
#5
Neeraj Chhabra, Renee P Gimbar, Lisa M Walla, Trevonne M Thompson
BACKGROUND: Electronic dance music (EDM) festivals are increasingly common and psychoactive substance use is prevalent. Although prehospital care can obviate the transfer of many attendees to health care facilities (HCFs), little is known regarding the emergency department (ED) burden of patients presenting from EDM festivals. OBJECTIVES: This study describes the patient volume, length of stay (LOS), and presenting complaints of patients from a 3-day EDM festival in close proximity to an area ED...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107203/the-impact-of-the-legalization-of-recreational-marijuana-on-college-students
#6
Jacob Jones, K Nicole Jones, Jenny Peil
In January of 2014 the Regulate Marijuana like Alcohol Act or, Amendment 64, went into effect in Colorado. Even though it was the first state to enact recreational legalization, attitudes towards marijuana use have been changing for decades. Prompted by medical marijuana legalization, studies have found mixed results in regards to the impact that legalization has on frequency of use and abuse. With college students having the highest rates of use in the United States (U.S.), whether legal or not, it was important to explore the impact that legalization has on this population...
August 31, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103076/impact-of-medical-marijuana-laws-on-state-level-marijuana-use-by-age-and-gender-2004-2013
#7
Christine M Mauro, Paul Newswanger, Julian Santaella-Tenorio, Pia M Mauro, Hannah Carliner, Silvia S Martins
In states that have passed medical marijuana laws (MMLs), marijuana use (MU) increased after MML enactment among people ages 26 and older, but not among ages 12-25. We examined whether the age-specific impact of MMLs on MU varied by gender. Data were obtained from the 2004-2013 restricted-use National Survey on Drug Use and Health, aggregated at the state level. The exposure was a time-varying indicator of state-level MML (0 = No Law, 1 = Before Law, 2 = After Law). Outcomes included past-month MU prevalence, daily MU prevalence among past-year users (i...
November 4, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094229/regular-marijuana-use-is-associated-with-poor-viral-suppression-in-hiv-infected-adolescents-and-young-adults
#8
Amelia B Thompson, Scott E Gillespie, Jasper Hood, LaTeshia Thomas-Seaton, Sophia A Hussen, Andres F Camacho-Gonzalez
There is a paucity of data regarding the impact of drug use on HIV suppression and care retention among adolescents and young adults (AYAs). We recruited a clinic-based sample of HIV infected AYAs to assess the prevalence of self-reported drug use. Clinical data, including retention and viral suppression, were abstracted from the electronic medical record. Logistic regression was used to evaluate marijuana and illicit drug use associations and to identify other risk factors. Of 200 participants (mean age 21, 2...
November 1, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092791/editorial-for-the-special-issue-on-behavior-change-health-and-health-disparities-2017
#9
Stephen T Higgins
This Special Issue of Preventive Medicine (PM) is the 4th in a series on behavior change, health, and health disparities, a topic of critical importance to improving U.S. population health. The U.S. ranks near the bottom on measures of population health relative to other industrialized countries despite spending orders of magnitude more on health care than any other nation. Population health experts agree that the area of personal behavior, or lifestyle, such as substance abuse, physical inactivity/obesity, and non-adherence with medical regimens is the single largest contributor to this situation...
October 29, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084362/the-impact-of-conventional-and-nonconventional-inhalants-on-children-and-adolescents
#10
Samya Z Nasr, Ali Ibrahim Nasrallah, Mariam Abdulghani, Stuart C Sweet
AIM: Inhalant abuse in the adolescent population is a growing concern for care givers, communities, physicians, and medical providers. The aim of this article is to provide a review of the literature about this new challenge. In addition, it raises awareness about recent health policy rulings. METHODS: Review of the literature was done. RESULTS: In this review article, the prevalence of different modes of inhalant use and abuse in children and young adults and their potential health implications will be examined: Cigarettes, ENDS (E Cigarettes), Hookah, Marijuana, and Huffing...
October 30, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082802/drug-drug-interactions-as-a-result-of-co-administering-%C3%AE-9-thc-and-cbd-with-other-psychotropic-agents
#11
Carola Rong, Nicole E Carmona, Yena L Lee, Renee-Marie Ragguett, Zihang Pan, Joshua D Rosenblat, Mehala Subramaniapillai, Margarita Shekotikhina, Fahad Almatham, Asem Alageel, Rodrigo Mansur, Roger C Ho, Roger S McIntyre
To determine, via narrative, non-systematic review of pre-clinical and clinical studies, whether the effect of cannabis on hepatic biotransformation pathways would be predicted to result in clinically significant drug-drug interactions (DDIs) with commonly prescribed psychotropic agents. Areas covered: A non-systematic literature search was conducted using the following databases: PubMed, PsycInfo, and Scopus from inception to January 2017. The search term cannabis was cross-referenced with the terms drug interactions, cytochrome, cannabinoids, cannabidiol, and medical marijuana...
October 31, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075929/marijuana-use-and-organ-transplantation-a-review-and-implications-for-clinical-practice
#12
REVIEW
Harinder Singh Rai, Gerald Scott Winder
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Physicians of all disciplines must rapidly adjust their clinical practices following the expansion of marijuana legalization across the country. Organ transplantation teams are uniquely struggling in this gray zone with eight states having passed laws explicitly banning the denial of transplant listing based on a patient's use of medical marijuana. In this review, we examine the clinical evidence of marijuana use in transplant patients to enable psychiatric providers to meaningfully contribute to the relevant medical and psychiatric aspects of this issue in a unique patient population...
October 27, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072119/prevalence-perceptions-and-consequences-of-substance-use-in-medical-students
#13
Erin E Ayala, Destiny Roseman, Jeffrey S Winseman, Hyacinth R C Mason
BACKGROUND: Research regarding the health and wellness of medical students has led to ongoing concerns regarding patterns of alcohol and drug use that take place during medical education. Such research, however, is typically limited to single-institution studies or has been conducted over 25 years ago. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the investigation was to assess the prevalence and consequences of medical student alcohol and drug use and students' perceptions of their medical school's substance-use policies...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064777/mother-of-berries-acdc-or-chocolope-examination-of-the-strains-used-by-medical-cannabis-patients-in-new-england
#14
Brian J Piper
Medical marijuana patients often believe that specific strains are more efficacious at treating their conditions. The goals of this investigation were to determine: (1) how many strains of cannabis are there; (2) which strains are used by medical cannabis (MC) patients; and (3) are there any differences in the strains used by patient condition? Study I involved quantifying the number of strains listed in the online database leafly.com and categorizing these by whether the strain name included a gustatory component...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064160/marijuana-commercialization-and-adolescent-substance-treatment-outcomes-in-colorado
#15
Sean R LeNoue, Stacy Salomonsen-Sautel, Sung-Joon Min, Christian Thurstone
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In Colorado, marijuana was legalized for medical use in 2000, commercialized in 2009, and approved for recreational purposes in 2012. Little is known about the association between recent policy changes and adolescent substance treatment outcomes measured by urine drug screens (UDS). This study addressed this research gap. METHODS: Participants were youth (N = 523) aged 11-19 years who were enrolled in an outpatient motivational interviewing (MI)/cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) plus contingency management (CM) in Denver, Colorado from October 2007 to June 2014...
October 24, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061872/medical-cannabinoids-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Shane Shucheng Wong, Timothy E Wilens
CONTEXT: Legalization of medical marijuana in many states has led to a widening gap between the accessibility and the evidence for cannabinoids as a medical treatment. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review published reports to identify the evidence base of cannabinoids as a medical treatment in children and adolescents. DATA SOURCES: Based on Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines, a search of PubMed, Medline, and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature databases was conducted in May 2017...
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058572/lifetime-marijuana-and-alcohol-use-and-cognitive-dysfunction-in-people-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection
#17
Sara A Lorkiewicz, Alicia S Ventura, Timothy C Heeren, Michael R Winter, Alexander Y Walley, Meg Sullivan, Jeffrey H Samet, Richard Saitz
BACKGROUND: Substance use is common among people with HIV infection. Alcohol, marijuana, and HIV can have negative effects on cognition. We examined associations between current and lifetime marijuana and alcohol use, and cognitive dysfunction in people with HIV infection. METHODS: We studied a cohort of 215 HIV-infected adults with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) substance dependence or ever injection drug use. In adjusted cross-sectional regression analyses we tested the associations between current marijuana use, current heavy alcohol use, lifetime marijuana use, lifetime alcohol use, duration of heavy alcohol use (the independent variables), and three measures of cognitive dysfunction (dependent variables): both the i) memory and ii) attention domains from the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), and iii) the 4-item cognitive function scale (CF4) from the Medical Outcomes Study HIV Health Survey (MOS-HIV)...
October 23, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056081/the-risks-and-benefits-of-cannabis-in-the-dermatology-clinic
#18
Gurbir Dhadwal, Mark G Kirchhof
Cannabis ( Cannabis sativa/indica), also known as marijuana, has been used for medicinal and recreational purposes for millennia. There has been a recent trend to legalize the use of cannabis, as illustrated by the recent legalization votes in numerous states in the United States and legislation in Canada to allow recreational cannabis use. With this increasing consumption of cannabis, dermatologists will see increased pressure to prescribe cannabis and will see the side effects of cannabis use with greater frequency...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051432/drug-vaping-from-the-dangers-of-misuse-to-new-therapeutic-devices
#19
V Varlet
Users of e-cigarettes are unwitting volunteers participating in a worldwide epidemiological study. Because of the obvious benefits of e-cigarettes compared with traditional cigarette smoking, these electronic devices have been introduced all around the world to support tobacco smoking cessation. Same potential harm reduction could be considered by cannabis vaping for marijuana smokers. However, the toxicities of liquids and aerosols remain under investigation because although the use of e-cigarettes is likely to be less harmful than traditional cigarette smoking, trace levels of contaminants have been identified...
December 16, 2016: Toxics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044798/the-impact-of-substance-use-disorders-on-clinical-outcomes-in-older-adult-psychiatric-inpatients
#20
Scott D Lane, Sabrina C da Costa, Antonio L Teixeira, Charles F Reynolds, Breno S Diniz
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations among substance use disorder (SUD) and measures of length of stay (LOS) and non-psychiatric medical comorbidity (MEDCO) in older-adult inpatients with serious mental illness (SMI), hypothesizing SUD would be related to worse clinical outcomes. METHODS: A cross-sectional study analyzed medical records from 2010 to 2016 of 7258 inpatients with SMI ≥ age 50, obtained from a 274-bed psychiatric hospital. Descriptive analyses examined prevalence rates for SUD status (+/-), individual drug classes, and total number of SUDs (polysubstance use disorders)...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
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