Read by QxMD icon Read

Marijuana medical uses

Michelle Tuten, Heather Fitzsimons, Martin Hochheimer, Hendree E Jones, Margaret S Chisolm
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the impact of early patient response on treatment utilization and substance use among pregnant participants enrolled in substance use disorder (SUD) treatment. METHODS: Treatment responders (TRs) and treatment nonresponders (TNRs) were compared on pretreatment and treatment measures. Regression models predicted treatment utilization and substance use. RESULTS: TR participants attended more treatment and had lower rates of substance use relative to TNR participants...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Addiction Medicine
Aaron L Sarvet, Melanie M Wall, Katherine M Keyes, Mark Olfson, Magdalena Cerdá, Deborah S Hasin
BACKGROUND: Self-medication with drugs or alcohol is commonly reported among adults with mood or anxiety disorders, and increases the risk of developing substance use disorders. Medical marijuana laws (MML) may be associated with greater acceptance of the therapeutic value of marijuana, leading individuals to self-medicate. METHODS: The study utilized data from Wave 2 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (2004-2005). Participants were sampled from households in the general population and included adults with a mood or anxiety disorder in the past 12 months (n = 7418), and the subset of those who used marijuana and no other drug (n = 314)...
March 2, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Raul Caetano, Patrice A C Vaeth, Glorisa Canino
BACKGROUND: Data on the prevalence and correlates of illegal drug use in Puerto Rico are now almost 20 years old. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to estimate the 12-month prevalence of illegal and non-prescribed medical drug use in San Juan, Puerto Rico and identify sociodemographic correlates of use. METHODS: Data are from a random household sample of 1510 individuals, 18-64 years of age in San Juan, Puerto Rico. RESULTS: The 12-month prevalence of any illegal or non-prescribed drug use was 16...
February 21, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Barbara L F Kaplan
Cannabinoid compounds refer to a group of more than 60 plant-derived compounds in Cannabis sativa, more commonly known as marijuana. Exposure to marijuana and cannabinoid compounds has been increasing due to increased societal acceptance for both recreational and possible medical use. Cannabinoid compounds suppress immune function, and while this could compromise one's ability to fight infections, immune suppression is the desired effect for therapies for autoimmune diseases. It is critical, therefore, to understand the effects and mechanisms by which cannabinoid compounds alter immune function, especially immune responses induced in autoimmune disease...
February 21, 2018: Current Protocols in Toxicology
Salomeh Keyhani, Marzieh Vali, Beth Cohen, Alexandra Woodbridge, Melanie Arenson, Elnaz Eilkhani, Christina Aivadyan, Deborah Hasin
BACKGROUND: The harmful effects of marijuana on health and in particular cardiovascular health are understudied. To develop such knowledge, an efficient method of developing an informative cohort of marijuana users and non-users is needed. METHODS: We identified patients with a diagnosis of coronary artery disease using ICD-9 codes who were seen in the San Francisco VA in 2015. We imported these patients' medical record notes into an informatics platform that facilitated text searches...
2018: PloS One
Brandon M Theriault, Joseph J Schlesinger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
Jonathan Barker
Unique clinical challenges arise with the growing number of patients who possess medical marijuana cards. Medical marijuana patients with mental disorders can have worsening symptoms with marijuana use. Often there is sparse continuity of care between the patient and the medical marijuana practitioner. Lack of communication between the patient's treating practitioners and the practitioner who has authorized the medical marijuana can be problematic. This article is a discussion of the new clinical challenges practitioners are likely to encounter with the growing number of medical marijuana patients...
March 1, 2018: Rhode Island Medical Journal
Christina N Grant, Richard E Bélanger
Cannabis is the most common illicit drug used worldwide and it is used frequently by Canadian teenagers. Cannabis use during adolescence can cause functional and structural changes to the developing brain, leading to damage. Marijuana use in this age group is strongly linked to: cannabis dependence and other substance use disorders; the initiation and maintenance of tobacco smoking; an increased presence of mental illness, including depression, anxiety and psychosis; impaired neurological development and cognitive decline; and diminished school performance and lifetime achievement...
May 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
Loni Philip Tabb, Christina Fillmore, Steven Melly
BACKGROUND: The availability of marijuana products is becoming increasingly prevalent across the United States (US), many states are allowing for the production, processing, and retailing of these products for medical and/or recreational use. The purpose of this study is to: (1) examine the spatial patterning of marijuana licenses, and (2) examine the impact of alcohol outlets in addition to other neighborhood characteristics on marijuana licenses within the state of Washington. METHODS: This cross-sectional observational study examined 1458 census tracts in Washington state from 2017, using marijuana and alcohol data from the Washington State Liquor and Cannabis Board as well as neighborhood characteristics data from the American Community Survey 2011-2015 5-year estimates...
February 13, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Stephanie Chapman, Kurt Ashack, Eric Bell, Myra Ann Sendelweck, Robert Dellavalle
BACKGROUND: Understanding of associations between indoor tanning and risky health related behaviors such as sexual activity and substance abuse among high school students across the United States is incomplete. OBJECTIVE: To identify risky health related behaviors among high school students utilizing indoor tanning and analyze differences between state specific data. METHODS: Results from the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) 2013 in 14 different states were analyzed...
September 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
Aaron L Sarvet, Melanie M Wall, David S Fink, Emily Greene, Aline Le, Anne E Boustead, Rosalie Liccardo Pacula, Katherine M Keyes, Magdalena Cerdá, Sandro Galea, Deborah S Hasin
AIMS: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies in order to estimate the effect of US medical marijuana laws (MMLs) on past-month marijuana use prevalence among adolescents. METHODS: A total of 2999 papers from 17 literature sources were screened systematically. Eleven studies, developed from four ongoing large national surveys, were meta-analyzed. Estimates of MML effects on any past-month marijuana use prevalence from included studies were obtained from comparisons of pre-post MML changes in MML states to changes in non-MML states over comparable time-periods...
February 22, 2018: Addiction
Nicholas Tarantino, Larry K Brown, Laura Whiteley, M Isabel Fernández, Sharon L Nichols, Gary Harper
Youth living with HIV (YLH) have significant problems with attending their medical appointments. Poor attendance, consequently, predicts viral non-suppression and other negative health outcomes. To identity targets of intervention, this cross-sectional study examined correlates of past-year missed clinic visits among YLH (N = 2125) attending HIV clinics in the United States and Puerto Rico. Thirty-six percent of YLH missed two or more visits in the past year. Several factors were associated with missed visits in our regression model...
February 17, 2018: AIDS Care
Rachel Rabkin Peachman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Giulia S Porcari, Cary Fu, Emily D Doll, Emma G Carter, Robert P Carson
Medically refractory epilepsy continues to be a challenge worldwide, and despite an increasing number of medical therapies, approximately 1 in 3 patients continues to have seizures. Cannabidiol (CBD), one of many constituents of the Cannabis sativa or marijuana plant, has received renewed interest in the treatment of epilepsy. While highly purified CBD awaits Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval, artisanal formulations of CBD are readily available and are seeing increased use in our patient population...
February 8, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Lauren M Dutra, Stanton A Glantz, René A Arrazola, Brian A King
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to use individual-level data to examine the relationship between e-cigarette minimum legal sale age (MLSA) laws and cigarette smoking among U.S. adolescents, adjusting for e-cigarette use. METHODS: In 2016 and 2017, we regressed (logistic) current (past 30-day) cigarette smoking (from 2009-2014 National Youth Tobacco Surveys [NYTS]) on lagged (laws enacted each year counted for the following year) and unlagged (laws enacted January-June counted for that year) state e-cigarette MLSA laws prohibiting sales to youth aged <18 or <19 years (depending on the state)...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Carla J Berg, Lisa Henriksen, Patricia A Cavazos-Rehg, Regine Haardoerfer, Bridget Freisthler
The emerging retail market for recreational marijuana use warrants research and surveillance as such markets are established in more US states. This research can be informed by the existing literature regarding tobacco and alcohol, which highlights the impact of spatial access to tobacco and alcohol retailers and exposure to tobacco and alcohol marketing on smoking and drinking among youth and young adults. Prior research indicates that tobacco and alcohol retailers, as well as medical marijuana dispensaries, are disproportionately located in neighborhoods characterized by socioeconomic disadvantage and by higher proportions of racial/ethnic minorities and young adults...
February 1, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
Tabitha E H Moses, Leslie H Lundahl, Mark K Greenwald
BACKGROUND: Rates of both opioid and sedative use and misuse are rising. Comorbid opioid and sedative use is associated with especially severe consequences (e.g., overdose and poor health outcomes). Heroin users report multiple motivations for sedative use, including self-medication. We aimed to understand differences in lifetime substance use characteristics between heroin users with different sedative use histories. METHODS: Substance use data were collected from 385 non-treatment seeking heroin users...
February 2, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Farid Talih, Michel Daher, Dayane Daou, Jean Ajaltouni
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to evaluate the prevalence of burnout, depressive symptoms, and anxiety symptoms and attitudes toward substance use in medical students as well as their evolution during the 4 years of medical school. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out at the American University of Beirut Medical Center (AUBMC) between September and December 2016. In total, 176 out of 412 eligible medical students responded. The survey was anonymous and administered via e-mail link to an electronic form...
February 2, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
Arame Thiam-Diouf, Barbara Metch, Cameron Sharpe, Robel Mulugeta, Michele Peake Andrasik
BACKGROUND: The primary objectives of HIV Vaccine Trials Network (HVTN) phase 1 preventive HIV vaccine clinical trials are to assess safety and immune response to study products. Participant alcohol and drug use may affect adherence, retention, and risk of HIV infection. Data on the effects of substance use are limited to medical care compliance and treatment adherence in HIV infected participants. To our knowledge, there are no data assessing substance use and retention in these vaccine trials...
January 29, 2018: Vaccine
Jonathan Barker
Unique clinical challenges arise with the growing number of patients who possess medical marijuana cards. Medical marijuana patients with mental disorders can have worsening symptoms with marijuana use. Often there is sparse continuity of care between the patient and the medical marijuana practitioner. Lack of communication between the patient's treating practitioners and the practitioner who has authorized the medical marijuana can be problematic. This article is a discussion of the new clinical challenges practitioners are likely to encounter with the growing number of medical marijuana patients...
February 2, 2018: Rhode Island Medical Journal
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"