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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097606/colorado-medical-students-attitudes-and-beliefs-about-marijuana
#1
Michael H Chan, Christopher E Knoepke, Madeline L Cole, James McKinnon, Daniel D Matlock
BACKGROUND: Over the past two decades, state and local governments across the U.S. have been increasingly reforming marijuana laws. Despite growing support for marijuana as a medical treatment, little is known about medical students' perceptions of marijuana use. OBJECTIVE: To assess Colorado medical students' personal and professional opinions on current and future marijuana use in a healthcare setting. DESIGN: A voluntary, anonymous, online cross-sectional survey...
January 17, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088742/patterns-of-drug-use-and-hiv-infection-among-adults-in-a-nationally-representative-sample
#2
Stephanie Shiau, Stephen M Arpadi, Michael T Yin, Silvia S Martins
BACKGROUND: Little is known about drug use patterns among people living with HIV in comparison to an uninfected group in the general population. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between legal and illegal drug use and HIV infection in a nationally representative sample of adults in the United States. METHODS: Public use data files (2005-2014) from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) were used. Respondents were asked whether a medical professional had ever told them that they had HIV/AIDS...
January 7, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078168/concurrent-validity-of-caffeine-problems-and-diagnostic-criteria-for-substance-use-disorders
#3
Elizabeth Harstad, Georgios Sideridis, Lon Sherritt, Lydia A Shrier, Rosemary Ziemnik, Sharon Levy
Background: The DSM-5 proposes caffeine use disorder (CUD) as a condition for further study. The objective of this study was to report on the prevalence of CUD and rates of endorsement for each substance use disorder (SUD) criterion in relation to caffeine compared to alcohol and marijuana in a sample of adolescents presenting for medical care in the primary, adolescent, and substance use clinics at an academic medical center. Methods: A convenience sample of patients (N = 213; 66.7% female) aged 12-17 presenting for medical care completed the Composite Diagnostic Interview-Substance Abuse Module questionnaire, with questions regarding use of caffeine, alcohol, and marijuana...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Caffeine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069869/determination-of-%C3%A2-9-tetrahydrocannabinol-thc-11-hydroxy-thc-11-nor-9-carboxy-thc-and-cannabidiol-in-human-plasma-using-gas-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#4
David M Andrenyak, David E Moody, Matthew H Slawson, Daniel S O'Leary, Margaret Haney
Two marijuana compounds of particular medical interest are delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). A gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS-MS) method was developed to test for CBD, THC, hydroxy-THC (OH-THC) and carboxy-THC (COOH-THC) in human plasma. Calibrators (THC and OH-THC, 0.1 to 100; CBD, 0.25 to 100; COOH-THC, 0.5-500 ng/mL) and controls (0.3, 5 and 80 ng/mL, except COOH-THC at 1.5, 25 and 400 ng/mL) were prepared in blank matrix. Deuterated (d3) internal standards were added to 1-mL samples...
January 8, 2017: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051001/medical-marijuana-laws-and-marijuana-use-in-the-usa-any-lessons
#5
Nishtha Chawla, Mamta Sood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050780/clinical-characteristics-comorbidities-and-hospital-outcomes-in-hospitalizations-with-cyclic-vomiting-syndrome-a-nationwide-analysis
#6
Sanjay Bhandari, Thangam Venkatesan
BACKGROUND: Data on cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) are limited to studies from tertiary care centers. There is a paucity of information about CVS on a national scale. AIM: To study the clinical characteristics, comorbidities, and hospital outcomes in patients hospitalized with CVS using a nationwide database. METHODS: We identified all hospitalizations associated with a primary diagnosis of CVS in 2010 and 2011 using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample with an age category of 18-55 years...
January 3, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043754/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-antiretroviral-adherence-among-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#7
Dexter R Voisin, Katherine Quinn, Dong Ha Kim, John Schneider
PURPOSE: Young black men who have sex with men (YBMSM) experience poorer antiretroviral therapy (ART) medication adherence relative to their white counterparts. However, few studies have longitudinally examined factors that may correlate with various classifications of ART adherence among this population, which was the primary aim of this study. METHODS: Project nGage was a randomized controlled trial conducted across five Chicago clinics from 2012 to 2015. Survey and medical records data were collected at baseline and 3- and 12-month periods to assess whether psychological distress, HIV stigma, substance use, family acceptance, social support, and self-efficacy predicted ART medication adherence among 92 YBMSM ages 16-29 years...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040884/experts-perspectives-on-the-role-of-medical-marijuana-in-oncology-a-semi-structured-interview-study
#8
I M Braun, F L Meyer, J Gagne, L Nabati, D P Yuppa, M Carmona, H J Burstein, J Suzuki, M Nayak, Y Martins
BACKGROUND: Expansion of medical marijuana (MM) laws in the United States may offer oncology new therapeutic options. However, the scientific evidence for MM remains in infancy. This study qualitatively explored professional opinion around the role of MM in cancer care. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were administered to a sample of individuals with expertise at the interface of MM and oncology nationally. Key informant criteria included an oncologic clinical or research background and any of the following: publications, research, or lectures on cannabinoids or cancer symptoms; involvement in the development of MM dispensaries or legislation; early adoption of state MM certification procedures...
January 1, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033309/marijuana-use-among-10th-grade-students-washington-2014
#9
Anar Shah, Mandy Stahre
Some studies have suggested that long-term, regular use of marijuana starting in adolescence might impair brain development and lower intelligence quotient (1,2). Since 2012, purchase of recreational or retail marijuana has become legal for persons aged ≥21 years in the District of Columbia, Alaska, California, Colorado, Maine, Massachusetts, Nevada, Oregon, and Washington, raising concern about increased marijuana access by youths. The law taxing and regulating recreational or retail marijuana was approved by Washington voters in 2012 and the first retail licenses were issued in July 2014; medical marijuana use has been legal since 1998...
December 30, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032801/blackouts-among-male-and-female-youth-seeking-emergency-department-care
#10
Diana M Voloshyna, Erin E Bonar, Rebecca M Cunningham, Mark A Ilgen, Frederic C Blow, Maureen A Walton
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-related blackouts are a common consequence of heavy drinking, and these blackouts pose risk for injury and other adverse health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence and correlates of blackouts among underage drinkers. METHODS: Youth (ages 14-20) presenting to a suburban Emergency Department (ED) completed screening surveys. Among those reporting past-year alcohol consumption, we examined past 3-month blackouts in relation to: background characteristics (e...
December 29, 2016: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009931/do-more-robust-prescription-drug-monitoring-programs-reduce-prescription-opioid-overdose
#11
Bryce Pardo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In the United States, overdose deaths attributed to opioid pain relievers (OPR) have quadrupled since 1999, prompting many states to adopt Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs (PMP). This study aimed to 1) estimate the relationship of PMP strength with OPR overdose deaths across states and over time; 2) measure what threshold in PMP strength is associated with the greatest reduction in OPR overdose; and 3) assess the relationship of medical marijuana dispensaries with OPR overdose deaths...
December 23, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001910/substance-use-health-and-functioning-characteristics-of-medical-marijuana-program-participants-compared-to-the-general-adult-population-in-ontario-canada
#12
Benedikt Fischer, Anca R Ialomiteanu, Samantha Aeby, Katherine Rudzinski, Paul Kurdyak, Jürgen Rehm
Existent profiles of Medical Marijuana Program (MMP) participants indicate common and co-morbid chronic diseases, yet evidence on disability or functioning as well as comparisons with general populations are largely lacking. This study compared health, substance use, and functioning status among formally approved MMP participants with the general adult population in Ontario (Canada). A community-recruited sample (n = 53) of MMP participants was compared to a sub-sample (n = 510) of the representative Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) Monitor (2015 cycle) survey of Ontario general population adults (ages 18+) based on identical telephone-based interviews regarding substance use, health, and functioning measures...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997245/us-traffic-fatalities-1985-2014-and-their-relationship-to-medical-marijuana-laws
#13
Julian Santaella-Tenorio, Christine M Mauro, Melanie M Wall, June H Kim, Magdalena Cerdá, Katherine M Keyes, Deborah S Hasin, Sandro Galea, Silvia S Martins
OBJECTIVES: To determine the association of medical marijuana laws (MMLs) with traffic fatality rates. METHODS: Using data from the 1985-2014 Fatality Analysis Reporting System, we examined the association between MMLs and traffic fatalities in multilevel regression models while controlling for contemporaneous secular trends. We examined this association separately for each state enacting MMLs. We also evaluated the association between marijuana dispensaries and traffic fatalities...
February 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992636/use-of-marijuana-for-medical-purposes-among-adults-in-the-united-states
#14
Wilson M Compton, Beth Han, Arthur Hughes, Christopher M Jones, Carlos Blanco
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987475/marijuana-practices-and-patterns-of-use-among-young-adult-medical-marijuana-patients-and-non-patient-marijuana-users
#15
Stephen E Lankenau, Ekaterina V Fedorova, Megan Reed, Sheree M Schrager, Ellen Iverson, Carolyn F Wong
BACKGROUND: Little is known about young adult medical marijuana patients (MMP) and their marijuana using patterns and practices, which includes frequency of use, sourcing of marijuana products, forms/modes of administration, and patterns of illicit/prescription drug misuse, compared to non-patient marijuana users (NPU). METHODS: Young adults (N=366) aged 18-26 years old were sampled in Los Angeles in 2014-15 and segmented into NPU (n=156), marijuana users who never had a medical marijuana (MM) recommendation, and MMP (n=210), marijuana users with a current, verified MM recommendation...
January 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986504/the-consequences-of-chronic-cannabis-smoking-in-vulnerable-adolescents
#16
REVIEW
Montaha Al Iede, Kenneth Nunn, Bronwyn Milne, Dominic A Fitzgerald
Cannabis, like the mythic shape-shifter, presents in various guises, morphing with the perspective and context of the observer. Arguments about cannabis are confused by a myriad of debates-medical, social, ethical and political-as if a single conceptual umbrella can capture the variety and granularity of marijuana-related issues. This paper responds to marijuana use as it is commonly practised by youth in Australia. It has little to say about synthetic cannabinoids, specific medicinal cannabinoids, or medicinal properties of marijuana...
November 9, 2016: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976988/support-for-marijuana-legalization-and-predictors-of-intentions-to-use-marijuana-more-often-in-response-to-legalization-among-u-s-young-adults
#17
Amy M Cohn, Amanda L Johnson, Shyanika W Rose, Jessica M Rath, Andrea C Villanti
BACKGROUND: As of 2015, more than half of U.S. states have legalized, medicalized, or decriminalized marijuana. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the prevalence and correlates of support for marijuana legalization in a national sample of young adults and the intention to use marijuana more frequently if it were legalized. METHODS: Data were from Wave 7 (weighted N = 3532) of the Truth Initiative Young Adult Cohort, a national sample of men and women aged 18-34...
January 28, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27971403/effects-of-medical-marijuana-legalization-on-marijuana-use-among-adolescents-and-adults-in-the-united-states
#18
S Wong, H Lin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928184/ismp-adverse-drug-reactions-chronic-marijuana-use-associated-with-recurrent-diabetic-ketoacidosis-lamotrigine-induced-cataplexy-trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole-induced-hyponatremia-ziprasidone-induced-sleepwalking-and-sleep-related-eating-metabolic-acidosis-associated
#19
Michael A Mancano
The purpose of this feature is to heighten awareness of specific adverse drug reactions (ADRs), discuss methods of prevention, and promote reporting of ADRs to the US Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) MedWatch program (800-FDA-1088). If you have reported an interesting, preventable ADR to MedWatch, please consider sharing the account with our readers. Write to Dr. Mancano at ISMP, 200 Lakeside Drive, Suite 200, Horsham, PA 19044 (phone: 215-707-4936; e-mail: mmancano@temple.edu). Your report will be published anonymously unless otherwise requested...
November 2016: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886657/receipt-of-addiction-treatment-as-a-consequence-of-a-brief-intervention-for-drug-use-in-primary-care-a-randomized-trial
#20
Theresa W Kim, Judith Bernstein, Debbie M Cheng, Christine Lloyd-Travaglini, Jeffrey H Samet, Tibor P Palfai, Richard Saitz
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Screening, brief intervention and 'referral to treatment' programs have been widely promoted as US federal policy. Little is known about the efficacy of the RT component (referral to treatment) of brief intervention for motivating patients with unhealthy drug use identified by screening to use addiction treatment. This study aimed to compare receipt of addiction treatment following two types of brief intervention for drug use vs a no-intervention control group among primary care patients screening positive for drug use...
November 25, 2016: Addiction
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