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Relevancy of congresses to Surgeons

Mandeep S Tamber, Dimitrios Nikas, Alexandra Beier, Lissa C Baird, David F Bauer, Susan Durham, Paul Klimo, Alexander Y Lin, Catherine Mazzola, Catherine McClung-Smith, Laura Mitchell, Rachana Tyagi, Ann Marie Flannery
BACKGROUND: No evidence-based guidelines exist on the role of cranial-molding orthosis (helmet) therapy for patients with positional plagiocephaly. OBJECTIVE: To address the clinical question: "Does helmet therapy provide effective treatment for positional plagiocephaly?" and to make treatment recommendations based on the available evidence. METHODS: The US National Library of Medicine Medline database and the Cochrane Library were queried by using MeSH headings and key words relevant to the objective of this systematic review...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
Lissa C Baird, Paul Klimo, Ann Marie Flannery, David F Bauer, Alexandra Beier, Susan Durham, Alexander Y Lin, Catherine McClung-Smith, Laura Mitchell, Dimitrios Nikas, Mandeep S Tamber, Rachana Tyagi, Catherine Mazzola
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based guidelines are not currently available for the treatment of positional plagiocephaly and, in particular, for the use of physical therapy for treatment. OBJECTIVE: To answer the question: "does physical therapy provide effective treatment for positional plagiocephaly?" Treatment recommendations are created based on the available evidence. METHODS: The PubMed and the Cochrane Library were queried using MeSH headings and key words relevant to the objective of this systematic review...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
Paul Klimo, Patrick Ryan Lingo, Lissa C Baird, David F Bauer, Alexandra Beier, Susan Durham, Alexander Y Lin, Catherine McClung-Smith, Laura Mitchell, Dimitrios Nikas, Mandeep S Tamber, Rachana Tyagi, Catherine Mazzola, Ann Marie Flannery
BACKGROUND: Plagiocephaly, involving positional deformity of the calvarium in infants, is one of the most common reasons for pediatric neurosurgical consultation. OBJECTIVE: To answer the question: "what is the evidence for the effectiveness of repositioning for positional plagiocephaly?" Treatment recommendations are provided based on the available evidence. METHODS: The National Library of Medicine MEDLINE database and the Cochrane Library were queried using MeSH headings and key words relevant to repositioning as a means to treat plagiocephaly and brachycephaly...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
Catherine Mazzola, Lissa C Baird, David F Bauer, Alexandra Beier, Susan Durham, Paul Klimo, Alexander Y Lin, Catherine McClung-Smith, Laura Mitchell, Dimitrios Nikas, Mandeep S Tamber, Rachana Tyagi, Ann Marie Flannery
BACKGROUND: No evidence-based guidelines exist for the imaging of patients with positional plagiocephaly. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review and evidence-based guideline is to answer the question, Is imaging necessary for infants with positional plagiocephaly to make a diagnosis? METHODS: The National Library of Medicine Medline database and the Cochrane Library were queried with the use of MeSH headings and key words relevant to imaging as a means to diagnose plagiocephaly...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
Manish K Aghi, Clark C Chen, Maria Fleseriu, Steven A Newman, Joshua William Lucas, John S Kuo, Garni Barkhoudarian, Christopher J Farrell, Jason Sheehan, Mateo Ziu, Ian F Dunn
BACKGROUND: Nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs) are the most frequent pituitary tumors. OBJECTIVE: To create evidence-based guidelines for the initial management of NFPAs. METHODS: A multidisciplinary task force composed of physician volunteers and evidence-based medicine-trained methodologists conducted a systematic review of the literature relevant to the management of NFPAs. To ascertain the class of evidence for the posttreatment follow-ups, the task force used the Clinical Assessment evidence-based classification...
October 2016: Neurosurgery
Don K Nakayama
Publication in professional journals is where advancements in surgery are reported and verified. Thus academic surgery holds common ground with journalism, where the principles of service, communication, and integrity are the basis of their public trust and standing in society. Writing for the Denver Post the author learned lessons that are relevant to academic surgery. Facts have to be solid. There are important issues to be discussed. Articles have to be interesting and not tiresome to read. And if it's something new--the essence of news--get it out there first...
July 2015: American Surgeon
Jennifer A Sweet, Laura S Mitchell, Samer Narouze, Ashwini D Sharan, Steven M Falowski, Jason M Schwalb, Andre Machado, Joshua M Rosenow, Erika A Petersen, Salim M Hayek, Jeffrey E Arle, Julie G Pilitsis
BACKGROUND: Occipital neuralgia (ON) is a disorder characterized by sharp, electrical, paroxysmal pain, originating from the occiput and extending along the posterior scalp, in the distribution of the greater, lesser, and/or third occipital nerve. Occipital nerve stimulation (ONS) constitutes a promising therapy for medically refractory ON because it is reversible with minimal side effects and has shown continued efficacy with long-term follow-up. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic literature review and provide treatment recommendations for the use of ONS for the treatment of patients with medically refractory ON...
September 2015: Neurosurgery
Benno Ure, Christoph Zoeller, Martin Lacher
Traditionally, pediatric surgical education consisted of exposure to patients, textbooks, lectures, team-based education, congresses, and workshops. Over the last decades, however, new information technology (IT) and the internet revolutionized the sharing of information and communication. IT has become relevant in particular for the younger generation of pediatric surgeons. Today, gaps in children's health and the quality of pediatric surgical education persist between countries and regions. Advances in health care are not shared equitably...
June 2015: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
Jakob Burcharth, Hans-Christian Pommergaard, Mahdi Alamili, Anne Kjærgaard Danielsen, Jacob Rosenberg
INTRODUCTION: Non-compliance with regard to hand hygiene is a major problem in the health-care system especially among surgeons and anaesthetists. The purpose of this study was to examine the hand hygiene routines after toilet visits among participants attending an international surgical congress. METHODS: An observational study was conducted at the American College of Surgeons (ACS) Clinical Congress 2012 and at the American Medical Writers Association (AMWA) Congress 2012 as comparison...
December 8, 2014: Ugeskrift for Laeger
Alan Dardik, Kenneth Ouriel, JinSong Wang, Christos Liapis
The 2014 meeting of the International Society for Vascular Surgery (ISVS) was held in Guangzhou, China, in conjunction with the fifth annual Wang Zhong-Gao's Vascular Forum, the eighth annual China Southern Endovascular Congress, and the third annual Straits Vascular Forum. Keynote addresses were given by Professors Christos Liapis, Wang Zhong-Gao, and Wang Shen-Ming. President Liapis presented the first ISVS Lifetime Achievement Award to Professor Wang Zhong-Gao for his multi-decade accomplishments establishing Vascular Surgery as a specialty in China...
October 2014: Vascular
R M Menapace, H B Dick
BACKGROUND: The use of femtosecond lasers (FSL) is increasingly spreading in cataract surgery. Potential advantages over standard manual cataract surgery are the superior precision of corneal incisions and capsular openings as well as the reduction of ultrasound energy for lens nucleus work-up. Exact positioning and dimensioning of the anterior capsular opening should help reduce decentration and tilt of the intraocular lens (IOL) optics and thus achieve better target refraction. Together with the possibility to correct low-grade corneal astigmatism by precise arcuate incision, FSL technology is expected to convert cataract surgery from a purely curative into a refractive procedure...
2014: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
Micaela Piccoli, Piccoli Micaela, Ferdinando Agresta, Agresta Ferdinando, Vincenzo Trapani, Trapani Vincenzo, Casimiro Nigro, Nigro Casimiro, Vito Pende, Pende Vito, Fabio Cesare Campanile, Campanile Fabio Cesare, Nereo Vettoretto, Vettoretto Nereo, Enrico Belluco, Belluco Enrico, Paolo Pietro Bianchi, Bianchi Pietro Paolo, Davide Cavaliere, Cavaliere Davide, Giuseppe Ferulano, Ferulano Giuseppe, Filippo La Torre, La Torre Filippo, Marco Maria Lirici, Lirici Marco Maria, Roberto Rea, Rea Roberto, Gianni Ricco, Ricco Gianni, Elena Orsenigo, Orsenigo Elena, Simona Barlera, Barlera Simona, Emanuele Lettieri, Lettieri Emanuele, Giovanni Maria Romano, Romano Giovanni Maria
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The literature continues to emphasize the advantages of treating patients in "high volume" units by "expert" surgeons, but there is no agreed definition of what is meant by either term. In September 2012, a Consensus Conference on Clinical Competence was organized in Rome as part of the meeting of the National Congress of Italian Surgery (I Congresso Nazionale della Chirurgia Italiana: Unità e valore della chirurgia italiana). The aims were to provide a definition of "expert surgeon" and "high-volume facility" in rectal cancer surgery and to assess their influence on patient outcome...
July 2014: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
M Miserez, E Peeters, T Aufenacker, J L Bouillot, G Campanelli, J Conze, R Fortelny, T Heikkinen, L N Jorgensen, J Kukleta, S Morales-Conde, P Nordin, V Schumpelick, S Smedberg, M Smietanski, G Weber, M P Simons
PURPOSE: In 2009, the European Hernia Society published the EHS Guidelines for the Treatment of Inguinal Hernia in Adult Patients. The Guidelines contain recommendations for the treatment of inguinal hernia from diagnosis till aftercare. The guidelines expired January 1, 2012. To keep them updated, a revision of the guidelines was planned including new level 1 evidence. METHODS: The original Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine ranking was used. All relevant level 1A and level 1B literature from May 2008 to June 2010 was searched (Medline and Cochrane) by the Working Group members...
April 2014: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
Marjorie J Arca, Jessica Enters, Melissa Christensen, Paul Jeziorczak, Thomas T Sato, Robert Thielke, Keith T Oldham
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Quality improvement (QI) is critical to enhancing patient care. It is necessary to prioritize which QI initiatives are relevant to one's institution and practice, as implementation is resource-intensive. We have developed and implemented a streamlined process to identify QI opportunities in our practice. METHODS: We designed a web-based Pediatric and Infant Case Log and Outcomes (PICaLO) instrument using Research Electronic Data Capture (REDCap™) to record all surgical procedures for our practice...
January 2014: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Berardo Di Matteo, Vittorio Tarabella, Giuseppe Filardo, Anna Viganò, Patrizia Tomba, Maurilio Marcacci
This manuscript describes the events and eminent personalities who animated the third Congress of the "Société Internationale de Chirurgie Orthopédique et Traumatologie", held in Bologna (Italy) in 1936. During this meeting the Society acquired its definitive name and the acronym under which it is now internationally recognized, SICOT. Some of the most illustrious clinicians and scientists of those times gathered in Bologna to discuss the progress of orthopaedic science, thus contributing to highlight the relevance of this discipline in the medical field...
August 2014: International Orthopaedics
Clemens M Schirmer, J Bradley Elder, Ben Roitberg, Darlene A Lobel
BACKGROUND: Virtual reality (VR) simulation-based technologies play an important role in neurosurgical resident training. The Congress of Neurological Surgeons (CNS) Simulation Committee developed a simulation-based curriculum incorporating VR simulators to train residents in the management of common neurosurgical disorders. OBJECTIVE: To enhance neurosurgical resident training for ventriculostomy placement using simulation-based training. METHODS: A course-based neurosurgical simulation curriculum was introduced at the Neurosurgical Simulation Symposium at the 2011 and 2012 CNS annual meetings...
October 2013: Neurosurgery
Don K Nakayama, Spence M Taylor
Debate continues as to the relevance of Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) duty-hour restrictions in actual practice and the adequacy of resident training in surgery. A survey of the membership of the Southeastern Surgical Congress using an Internet-based questionnaire was conducted: adherence to duty-hour restrictions, evidence of sleepiness and fatigue, opinions regarding the training, and clinical performance of surgeons who had trained after the institution of duty-hour restrictions in 2003 (termed "recently trained surgeons")...
July 2013: American Surgeon
Lee J Sanders, Michael E Edmonds, William J Jeffcoate
In November 1883, Jean-Martin Charcot and Charles Féré reported on bone and joint disease of the foot in cases of tabes dorsalis, and referred to the condition as 'pied tabétique'--a disabling neuropathic osteoarthropathy that we usually now refer to as the Charcot foot. Charcot had originally described neuropathic osteoarthropathy in more proximal joints in 1868, and in his 1883 paper with Féré stated that involvement of the short bones and small joints of the foot had not yet been described. They emphasised in the paper that one of their cases was the first ever observed, two years earlier, in 1881...
September 2013: Diabetologia
E Maraví Poma, F Zubia Olascoaga, M S Petrov, S Navarro Soto, C Laplaza Santos, F Morales Alava, A Darnell Martin, B Gorraiz López, F Bolado Concejo, M Casi Villarroya, M Aizcorbe Garralda, E Albeniz Arbizu, J A Sánchez-Izquierdo Riera, J P Tirapu León, L Bordejé Laguna, V López Camps, P Marcos Neira, E Regidor Sanz, F Jiménez Mendioroz
OBJECTIVE: Significant changes in the management of acute pancreatitis have taken place since the 2004 Pamplona Consensus Conference. The objective of this conference has been the revision and updating of the Conference recommendations, in order to unify the integral management of potentially severe acute pancreatitis in an ICU. PARTICIPANTS: Spanish and international intensive medicine physicians, radiologists, surgeons, gastroenterologists, emergency care physicians and other physicians involved in the treatment of acute pancreatitis...
April 2013: Medicina Intensiva
Arndt P Schulz, Anders Jönsson, Richard Kasch, Prithee Jettoo, Mohit Bhandari
BACKGROUND: Manufacturers of implants and materials in the field of orthopaedics use significant amounts of funding to produce informational material to influence the decision-making process of orthopaedic surgeons with regards to choice between novel implants and techniques. It remains unclear how far orthopaedic surgeons are really influenced by the materials supplied by companies or whether other, evidence-based publications have a higher impact on their decision-making. The objective was to evaluate the subjective usefulness and usage of different sources of information upon which orthopaedic surgeons base their decisions when acquiring new implants or techniques...
2013: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
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