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tonsillectomy anesthesia

Zoher Naja, Saleh Kanawati, Rania Al Khatib, Fouad Ziade, Zeina Z Naja, Ahmad Salah Naja, Mariam Rajab
BACKGROUND: Local anesthetic infiltration and corticosteroids had shown effectiveness in reducing post tonsillectomy nausea, vomiting and pain. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effect of intravenous dexamethasone versus pre-incision infiltration of local anesthesia in pediatric tonsillectomy on postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). The secondary objective was postoperative pain. METHODS: A randomized double-blind clinical trial was conducted at a tertiary care teaching hospital...
January 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Emily B Johnston, Collin King, Peter A Sloane, Jerral W Cox, Amber Q Youngblood, Jerry Lynn Zinkan, Nancy M Tofil
BACKGROUND: Pediatric intraoperative emergencies are rare but it is crucial for an anesthesia resident to be proficient in their management. Even the more common emergencies like anaphylaxis may not happen frequently for this proficiency to occur. Simulation increases exposure to these rare events in a safe learning environment to improve skills and build confidence while standardizing curriculum. OBJECTIVE: Anesthesia residents participated in a simulated case of intraoperative pediatric anaphylaxis to evaluate knowledge and performance gaps...
February 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Jun-Li Cao, Yu-Ping Pei, Jing-Qiu Wei, Yue-Ying Zhang
Postoperative emergence agitation/delirium (POED) is a common complication in pediatric surgery patients, which increases the risk of developing postoperative airway obstruction and respiratory depression. This study aims to investigate the safety and efficacy of intraoperative infusion of dexmedetomidine (DEX) and its effects on POED in pediatric patients undergoing tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy.Sixty patients scheduled for tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy, aged 2 to 8 years, were randomly allocated into 2 groups (n = 30)...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Herbert H Dedo
The tools described in this article are verified to be Greco-Roman medical and surgical instruments for the eye, ear, nose, and throat. They include three myrtle leaf-shaped scalpels, three ear spoons, a "Q-tip," a forceps, a needle, and two arrow-pointed scalpels. One of the arrow-pointed scalpels is nearly identical to a Juerger keratome, suggesting that in Roman times, cataracts were extracted, not just "couched" into the posterior chamber. The description presented here goes beyond traditional archeological claims, because as a head and neck surgeon, I evaluated these instruments from a surgeon's point of view...
February 2017: Laryngoscope
Einar Dale, Jon M Moan, Terje A Osnes, Trond V Bogsrud
FDG PET/CT is perceived as a valuable diagnostic tool in addition to the standard diagnostic workup for patients with isolated neck lymph nodes of squamous cell carcinoma of unknown primary (SCCUP). For patients with SCCUP intended for primary radiotherapy, we hypothesize that the previously reported FDG PET/CT detection rates are too high. From 2008 to 2015, 30 SCCUP patients were examined with FDG PET/CT. The objective of the FDG PET/CT examination was twofold: (1) improve the radiotherapy target definition, and (2) identify the primary cancer...
February 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Mohammad Sadegh Sanie, Navid Kalani, Mohamed Amin Ghobadifar, Hassan Zabetian, Mehdi Hosseini
BACKGROUND: Postoperative shivering is a major problem in children undergoing general anesthesia. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of low-dose intravenous ketamine for prevention of shivering after induction of general anesthesia in children who had undergone tonsillectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial including 80 children, of American society of anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I or II, scheduled for tonsillectomy under general anesthesia who were randomly assigned to an intravenous ketamine (0...
June 2016: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Seham M Moeen
BACKGROUND: Usage of nonpharmacological treatment contributes to an overall patient well-being, assisting in physical and emotional healing. Acupuncture has been reported to be useful in reducing early postoperative vomiting (POV) and attenuating postoperative pain. AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of dexamethasone vs acupuncture at P6 bilaterally and CV13 on the incidence and severity of POV in children undergoing tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy...
August 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
V Ayatollahi, S Dehghanpour Farashah, S Behdad, S Vaziribozorg, M Rabbani Anari
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pain is a common problem in hospitals. Adults undergoing uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) with tonsillectomy experience an unacceptable level of intense postoperative pain, especially during the first 24 h after surgery. This study investigated the analgesic effects of vitamin C in patients undergoing UPPP and tonsillectomy. METHOD: This study was done on forty patients that were evaluated in a randomised double-blinded clinical trial. Patients included in the study were within the age range of 25-50 years with BMI<35, physical status I,II according to the American Society of Anesthesia (ASA) and who underwent uvulopalatopharyngoplasty and tonsillectomy...
February 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
Gurcan Gungor, Pervin Sutas Bozkurt, Haydar M Yener, Yetkin Z Yilmaz, Elif Sarı, Ahmet Atas, Selma Yilar, Duygu Hayir
BACKGROUND: Otoacoustic emission (OAE) tests are important evaluation tools for diagnosis of peripheral auditory pathology. Sedation or general anesthesia may be required for the performance of the OAE tests. The aim of this retrospective study was to compare the effects of anesthetic agents, propofol and ketamine, on OAEs in children. METHODS: Fifty healthy children who underwent tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy under general anesthesia were included in this study...
July 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Pablo Mesa Suárez, José Diego Santotoribio, Victoria Ramos Ramos, María Ángela González García, Santiago Pérez Ramos, David Portilla Huertas, Antonio Muñoz Hoyos
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: S100B protein is a serum marker of cerebral damage. The objective was to evaluate the brain damage caused by general anaesthesia, by determining the concentration of serum S100B protein before and after of general anaesthesia. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Patients with chronic adenotonsillar hypertrophy and indications for tonsillectomy were included. A venous blood sample was taken from the patients before general anaesthesia (basal sample). The patients were anaesthetised using the following intravenous anaesthetic drugs: midazolam, fentanyl and propofol; and inhaled sevoflurane...
May 6, 2016: Medicina Clínica
Olaf Zagólski, Mariusz Gajda, Paweł Stręk, Michael John Kozlowski, Artur Gądek, Jerzy Nyzio
INTRODUCTION: Intense pain is one of the most important postoperative complaints after tonsillectomy. It is often described by patients as comparable to the pain that accompanies an acute tonsillitis. Although recurrent tonsillitis is the most frequent indication for surgery, many tonsillectomies are performed due to other indications and these patients may be unfamiliar with such pain. OBJECTIVE: To verify whether individuals with recurrent tonsillitis experience different post-tonsillectomy pain intensity than those with other indications for surgery, with no history of episodes of acute tonsillitis...
September 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Gökhan Kurtoğlu, Taner Kemal Erdağ
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we report outpatient surgical procedures in an ear nose and throat (ENT) clinic of a university hospital for the first time in Turkey. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients who were operated between January 2012 and December 2013 by our ENT surgeons either in central operating room or in outpatient surgery unit were retrospectively analyzed. Age of the patients, type of operation, type of anesthesia, and the time of discharge were recorded...
2016: Kulak Burun Boğaz Ihtisas Dergisi: KBB, Journal of Ear, Nose, and Throat
Mi Geum Lee, Hyun Jung Kim, Keun Hwa Lee, Yun Suk Choi
BACKGROUND: Although opioids are the most commonly used medications to control postoperative pain in children, the analgesic effects could have a large inter-individual variability according to genotypes. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms and the analgesic effect of morphine for postoperative pain in children. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in 88 healthy children undergoing tonsillectomy, who received morphine during the operation...
January 2016: Korean Journal of Pain
Seyed Alireza Bameshki, Mohammad Reza Salari, Mahdi Bakhshaee, Majid Razavi
INTRODUCTION: Tonsillectomy is the one of the most common types of surgery in children, and is often accompanied by post-operative pain and discomfort. Methods of pain control such as use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), narcotics, and local anesthetics have been used, but each have their own particular side effects. In this study we investigated the effect of ketamine on post-operative sedation and pain relief. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 50 children aged between 5 and 12 years who were candidates for tonsillectomy were divided into two groups...
November 2015: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Xiuze Li, Mengjun Zhou, Qing Xia, Juan Li
OBJECTIVE: Postoperative pain is a common phenomenon after pediatric tonsillectomy. This prospective randomized double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial was performed to evaluate the analgesic efficacy of intravenous parecoxib sodium in children undergoing tonsillectomy. METHODS: Sixty children (American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I-III, aged three to seven years, and scheduled to undergo elective tonsillectomy under general anesthesia) were randomly allocated into one of two groups to receive intravenous parecoxib sodium 1 mg·kg(-1) (Group P, n = 30) or the same volume of saline (Group S, n = 30) just after induction of general anesthesia...
March 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
Poopak Izadi, Parvin Delavar, Mohammad Ebrahim Yarmohammadi, Naimeh Daneshmandan, Maryam Sadrameli
Nausea and vomiting are two of the most common complications of tonsillectomy in children. Administration of supplemental 80 % oxygen during surgery reduces the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting. We aimed to test the efficacy of supplemental 80 % oxygen during tonsillectomy on postoperative nausea and vomiting. In a randomized controlled trial in Shahid Mostafa Khomeini Hospital in Tehran, 102 children scheduled for tonsillectomy (± adenoidectomy) under general anesthesia were divided randomly in two groups according to percent of administered oxygen (group 1:30 % oxygen, group 2:80 % oxygen)...
May 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Maryam Toliyat, Maliheh Zangoee, Shahnaz Ahrari, Reza Zangoee
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of thiopental sodium with that of midazolam-ketamine on relieving agitation after tonsillectomy in children. In a clinical trial, 50 children aged 5-10 years, candidates for tonsillectomy, were randomly divided into two 25-member groups. In the first group, thiopental sodium 5mg/kg/IV, and in the second group combination of midazolam 0.01 mg/kg/IV and ketamine 1 mg/kg/IV were used to induce anesthesia. The level of sedation was assessed after surgery with the Ramsay scale...
October 2015: Acta Medica Iranica
Mesut Sener, Aysu Kocum, Esra Caliskan, Ismail Yilmaz, Fatma Caylakli, Anis Aribogan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: We compared the efficacy of intravenous (IV) paracetamol versus dipyrone via patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) for postoperative pain relief in children. METHODS: The study was composed of 120 children who had undergone elective tonsillectomy after receiving general anesthesia. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to the dosage of postoperative intravenous-patient-controlled analgesia: paracetamol, dipyrone, or placebo. Pain was evaluated using a 0- to 100-mm visual analog scale and 1- to 4-pain relief score at 30 min, 1, 2, 4, 6, 12, and 24h postoperatively...
November 2015: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Soroush Amani, Mohamad Reza Abedinzadeh
INTRODUCTION: Tonsillectomy is one of the most common surgeries performed worldwide. Post-operative pain arising from tonsillectomy is one of the earliest complications that can postpone oral nutrition and increase the hospitalization period. Administration of opioids via injection is usually preferred to relieve pain in these patients. However, the side effects of this approach prompted us to seek alternative treatments. In this study, the effectiveness of oral gabapentin is compared with an intravenous (IV) injection of pethidine and a local injection of bupivacaine in the control of pain after tonsillectomy...
September 2015: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Nima Hosseinzadeh, Shahram Samadi, Mihan Jafari Javid, Alireza Takzare
Reinforced tubes are commonly used to minimize the opportunity of upper airway obstruction in patients at risk. There are a few reports of the airway obstruction resulted from kinked reinforced tubes. This report describes the obstruction of a reinforced tube in an adult patient who underwent tonsillectomy. Under general anesthesia; an armoured endotracheal tube was inserted into the trachea uneventfully. A few minutes after starting the surgery, the anesthesia machine detected a high airway pressure and an increased ETCO2 (end-tidal CO2) up to 50 mmHg...
2015: Acta Medica Iranica
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