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Huilin Ou, Wei Yao, Nanping Wu, Frederick X C Wang, Tianhao Weng, Chengcong Han, Xiangyun Lu, Dongshan Yu, Haibo Wu, Linfang Cheng, Honglin Chen, Hangping Yao, Lanjuan Li
Developing a safe and effective H7N9 influenza vaccine was initiated in early spring 2013, following human infections with a novel avian influenza A (H7N9) virus. In this study, a candidate H7N9 vaccine seed strain is produced using reverse genetics, with HA and NA derived from a human H7N9 virus and the remaining genes from the PR8 backbone virus which grows well in eggs. We verified that the virulence and transmissibility of the recombinant H7N9 vaccine seed strain were decreased as compared to wild-type H7N9 virus, to levels comparable with PR8...
October 19, 2016: Oncotarget
Linfang Lan, Xinyi Leng, Jill Abrigo, Vincent Ip, Yannie Oy Soo, Thomas Leung, Xiangyan Chen, Ka Sing Wong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
Caimei Gu, Xianying Yang, Linfang Huang
Cistanches Herba (family Orobanchaceae), commonly known as "desert ginseng" or Rou Cong Rong, is a global genus and commonly used for its neuroprotective, immunomodulatory, anti-oxidative, kidney impotence, laxative, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective, anti-bacterial, anti-viral, and anti-tumor effects in traditional herbal formulations in North Africa, Arabic, and Asian countries. The major bioactive compound present in this plant is phenylethanoid glycosides. In recent years, there has been great important in scientific investigation of the neuropharmacological effects of the bioactive compounds...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Lidan Zhao, Linfang Huang, Xuan Zhang
Rapid progress has been made in exploring the connections between the skeletal system and the immune system over the past decade. Bone tissue forms developmental niches for hematopoietic stem cells, and activated immune cells are involved in bone metabolism regulation and are potent mediators of osteoporosis and bone erosion under pathological conditions. The interdisciplinary field of osteoimmunology has emerged to pool the knowledge of the interdependence of these two systems, including the shared ligands and receptors, their crosstalk and interaction, and common intracellular signaling pathways with bidirectional influence...
September 20, 2016: Science China. Life Sciences
Jinhua Li, Xianying Yang, Linfang Huang
Paeonia delavayi, an endemic species in southwestern China, has been widely used as a traditional remedy for cardiovascular, extravasated blood, stagnated blood and female diseases in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). However, there are no reports on the anti-influenza virus activity of this species. Here, the anti-influenza virus activity of P. delavayi root extracts was first evaluated by an influenza virus neuraminidase (NA) inhibition assay. Meantime, constituents in the active extracts were identified using ultra-high performance liquid coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) and seven major identified constituents were used to further evaluate the NA inhibitory activity...
2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Xinyi Zan, Xin Tang, Linfang Chu, Lina Zhao, Haiqin Chen, Yong Q Chen, Wei Chen, Yuanda Song
Lipases or triacylglycerol hydrolases are widely spread in nature and are particularly common in the microbial world. The filamentous fungus Mucor circinelloides is a potential lipase producer, as it grows well in triacylglycerol-contained culture media. So far only one lipase from M. circinelloides has been characterized, while the majority of lipases remain unknown in this fungus. In the present study, 47 potential lipase genes in M. circinelloides WJ11 and 30 potential lipase genes in M. circinelloides CBS 277...
October 2016: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Linfang Wang, Jianzhong Jin, Linwei Zhao, Hongyun Shen, Chao Shen, Pengfei Zhang
A series of novel C-glycosyl triazolyl quinoline-based fluorescent sensors have been synthesized via click chemistry. It was found that novel sensors exhibited good selectivity for Hg(2+) over many other metal ions. The glucose framework was introduced to increase the water-solubility of the fluorescent sensors and broaden its application for the detection of Hg(II) in the water-solubility biological systems. The mechanism of the chemodosimetric behavior of the sensors has been attributed to a binding mode of triazolyl quinoline with Hg(2+) which has been characterized by a number of spectroscopic techniques...
October 4, 2016: Carbohydrate Research
Changzhong Jin, Shujing Ji, Tiansheng Xie, Stefan Höxtermann, Wolfgang Fuchs, Xiangyun Lu, Haibo Wu, Linfang Cheng, Adriane Skaletz-Rorowski, Norbert H Brockmeyer, Nanping Wu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is common in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients. However, the relationship between dysglycemia, lipid metabolism, and immune activation in HIV patients is poorly understood. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 180 HIV patients, including 153 patients undergoing highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and 27 HAART-naive patients. DM was defined as fasting serum glucose levels ≥126 mg/dl, and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) was defined as serum glucose levels of 101-125 mg/dl at two different time points...
September 2016: HIV Clinical Trials
Haibo Wu, Xiuming Peng, Xiaorong Peng, Linfang Cheng, Nanping Wu
The circulation of the H2 subtype influenza viruses in domestic animals increases the risk of human exposure to these viruses. An H2N8 avian influenza virus (AIV) was isolated from a domestic duck during AIV surveillance of poultry in live poultry markets (LPMs) in Zhejiang Province, Eastern China, in 2013. The phylogenetic trees suggested that this strain is a novel reassortant virus derived from multiple AIV subtypes from aquatic birds and poultry in Eastern Asia. Although this reassortant strain exhibited low pathogenicity in mice, it was able to replicate in the lungs of the mice without prior adaptation...
July 5, 2016: Virus Genes
Lei Xi, Yu Wang, Qing He, Qingyan Zhang, Linfang Du
The binding of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) to wild type Pin1 in solution was studied by spectroscopic methods and molecular dynamics simulations in this research to explore the binding mode and inhibition mechanism. The binding constants and number of binding sites per Pin1 for EGCG were calculated through the Stern-Volmer equation. The values of binding free energy and thermodynamic parameters were calculated and indicated that hydrogen bonds, electrostatic interaction and Van der Waals interaction played the major role in the binding process...
December 5, 2016: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Juan Wang, Jin Yang, Zongxing Yang, Xiangyun Lu, Changzhong Jin, Linfang Cheng, Nanping Wu
Retinoblastoma binding protein 4 (RbAp48) is a histone chaperone which has been suggested to play a role in gene silencing. However, the role of RbAp48 in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection and gene replication has not been determined to date, to the best of our knowledge. For this purpose, we demonstrated in the present study that RbAp48 expression was upregulated by HIV-1 infection, whereas the knockdown of RbAp48 promoted HIV infection and the production of virus particles. The ectopic expression of RbAp48 inhibited HIV-1 expression, and this inhibition correlated with a marked decrease in the expression of HIV-1 genomic RNA and various RNA transcripts...
July 2016: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Changzhong Jin, Xiaorong Peng, Fumin Liu, Linfang Cheng, Tiansheng Xie, Xiangyun Lu, Haibo Wu, Nanping Wu
OBJECTIVE: Sterile alpha motif and histidine/aspartic acid domain-containing protein 1 (SAMHD1), a newly discovered HIV-1 host restriction factor, has been found to be induced by interferons and to be regulated by microRNA-181a (miR-181a). However, the mechanism of interferons-induced SAMHD1 expression is unclear. DESIGN: We hypothesized that interferons induce SAMHD1 expression through Janus kinase-signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK-STAT) signaling pathways, which is mediated by miR-181a...
August 24, 2016: AIDS
Shujing Ji, Changzhong Jin, Stefan Höxtermann, Wolfgang Fuchs, Tiansheng Xie, Xiangyun Lu, Haibo Wu, Linfang Cheng, Adriane Skaletz-Rorowski, Norbert H Brockmeyer, Nanping Wu
Thyroid dysfunction is more common in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients. But the effects of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and hepatitis B/C virus (HBV/HCV) coinfection on thyroid function is unclear. We retrospectively reviewed the data of 178 HIV patients and determined the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction and the relationship between thyroid hormone levels, CD4 cell count, HIV-1 duration, HAART duration/regimens, and HBV/HCV coinfection. Of the 178 patients, 59 (33.1%) had thyroid dysfunction, mostly hypothyroidism...
2016: BioMed Research International
Deqiang Han, Junbo Liang, Yalan Lu, Longchang Xu, Shiying Miao, Lin-Yu Lu, Wei Song, Linfang Wang
Ubiquitylation has an important role as a signal transducer that regulates protein function, subcellular localization, or stability during the DNA damage response. In this study, we show that Ring domain E3 ubiquitin ligases RNF138 is recruited to DNA damage site quickly. And the recruitment is mediated through its Zinc finger domains. We further confirm that RNF138 is phosphorylated by ATM at Ser124. However, the phosphorylation was dispensable for recruitment to the DNA damage site. Our findings also indicate that RAD51 assembly at DSB sites following irradiation is dramatically affected in RNF138-deficient cells...
2016: PloS One
Linfang Lan, Xinyi Leng, Jill Abrigo, Hui Fang, Vincent H L Ip, Yannie O Y Soo, Thomas W H Leung, Simon C H Yu, Lawrence K S Wong
BACKGROUND: Intracranial arterial stenosis (ICAS) is a predominant cause of ischemic stroke in Asia. Changes in the signal intensities (SIs) across ICAS lesions on time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography (TOF-MRA) have been indicated to partially reflect the hemodynamic significance of the lesions, which we aimed to verify by correlating it with cerebral perfusion features provided by CT perfusion (CTP) imaging. METHODS: Ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack patients with unilateral symptomatic stenosis (≥50%) of intracranial internal carotid artery or middle cerebral artery (MCA) were included in this study...
2016: Cerebrovascular Diseases
Yaping Wang, Bashir Ahmad, Baozhong Duan, Rui Zeng, Linfang Huang
Gentiana crassicaulis Duthie ex Burk. and Gentiana macrophylla Pall. are two main sources of Radix Gentianae Macrophyllae (Qinjiao) available in markets, which has a wide range of anti-inflammatory effects and has been extensively used for fighting rheumatoid arthritis. However, they vary in terms of chemical compositions, pharmacological activities, and biomass. In this study, a combined chemical and genetic (HPLC and DNA barcoding) approach was used to compare these two plants. Four predominant bioactive compounds, namely, gentiopicroside, loganic acid, swertiamarin, and sweroside, were used to assess the chemical variations...
June 2016: Chemistry & Biodiversity
Peng Wang, Yuzhu Ma, Lingling Ma, Ya Li, Shu'an Wang, Linfang Li, Rutong Yang, Qing Wang
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Catalpa bungei (Bignoniaceae) is a deciduous tree native to China. We developed microsatellite markers for C. bungei to investigate its population genetics. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred seventy-seven expressed sequence tag (EST)-simple sequence repeat (SSR) primer pairs were isolated and characterized using next-generation sequencing. Thirty of these primer pairs were polymorphic loci in 52 individuals of C. bungei. The number of alleles ranged from two to 18 with observed and expected heterozygosity values of 0...
April 2016: Applications in Plant Sciences
Guiliang Wang, Yan Liu, Shu-Feng Zhou, Ping Qiu, Linfang Xu, Ping Wen, Jianbo Wen, Xianzhong Xiao
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of somatostatin, ulinastatin and gabexate for the treatment of severe acute pancreatitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 492 patients with severe acute pancreatitis were assigned randomly into the following 4 groups: (1) somatostatin; (2) somatostatin + ulinastatin; (3) somatostatin + gabexate and (4) somatostatin + ulinastatin + gabexate. Acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II scores; clinical parameters including time of abdominal pain and distention extinct; recovering to normality of heart rate and respiration rate; amylase and blood glucose; ratios of efficacy; multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS); mortality; complication; levels of endotoxin; tumor necrosis factor alpha; interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-8 and IL-10 and side effects were analyzed...
May 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
Lidan Zhao, Linfang Huang, Xuan Zhang
We report a case of a 39-year-old female with active systemic lupus erythematosus who complained of lethargy and weakness with a moderate renal impairment. Hypercalcemia was confirmed by laboratory examination. Her X-ray revealed significant ectopic calcinosis in subcutaneous tissue of bilateral hands, and Tc-99(m) methylene diphosphonate bone scan revealed a remarkably intense uptake of bilateral lungs. She had no evidence suggestive of other diseases related to hypercalcemia such as hyperparathyroidism and malignancy...
July 2016: Rheumatology International
Sun Zongqiong, Li Xiaohong, Cai Wei, Zhou Jiangfeng, Ge Yuxi, Xie Zhihui, Jin Linfang, Pu Yong, Yan Gen
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate clinical usefulness of computed tomography perfusion imaging (CTPI) in gastric cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty subjects without gastric diseases (control group) and fifty patients with gastric cancer were studied prospectively using CTPI examinations. Four perfusion parameter values, i.e., blood flow (BF), blood volume (BV), mean transit time, and permeability surface (PS), were calculated. The gastric cancer group was divided into three groups: well differentiated, moderately differentiated, and poorly differentiated gastric adenocarcinoma...
May 2016: Clinical Imaging
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