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Pulmonary oedema

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765487/huge-cardiac-myxoma-in-pregnancy
#1
Kuntharee Traisrisilp, Rungsrit Kanjanavanit, Noppon Taksaudom, Suraphong Lorsomradee
A 28-year-old pregnant woman presented at 28 weeks of gestation. She was diagnosed to have a left atrial myxoma 2 years earlier, but was lost to follow-up. During this pregnancy, the transthoracic echocardiography showed a 9 cm mass in the left atrium obstructing mitral valve inflow, interfering with mitral valve closure, causing severe mitral regurgitation and severe pulmonary hypertension. However, there were no clinical signs of pulmonary and systemic congestion or obstruction. Based on the clinical symptoms of the patient, the echocardiographic findings and the term of her pregnancy, the patient decided to schedule for a vaginal delivery with surgical correction after delivery...
July 31, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764269/analysis-of-clinical-indicators-of-quality-in-patients-with-endotracheal-intubation
#2
Sulochana Dash, Sreelatha Balasubramanian
INTRODUCTION: Quality and safety in anaesthesia is usually monitored by analysis of perioperative mortality-morbidity and are influenced by anaesthetic and non-anaesthetic factors. AIM: This study was conducted to analyse the incidence of clinical indicators of quality in endotracheally intubated patients undergoing general abdominal surgeries and obstetric and gynaecological procedures under general anaesthesia and to determine contributing factors for the same...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738733/cases-of-mortality-in-little-penguins-eudyptula-minor-in-new-zealand-associated-with-avian-malaria
#3
D C Sijbranda, S Hunter, L Howe, B Lenting, L Argilla, B D Gartrell
CASE HISTORY A little penguin (Eudyptula minor) of wild origin, in captivity at Wellington Zoo, became inappetent and lethargic in March 2013. Despite supportive care in the zoo's wildlife hospital, the bird died within 24 hours. CLINICAL FINDINGS Weight loss, dehydration, pale mucous membranes, weakness, increased respiratory effort and biliverdinuria were apparent on physical examination. Microscopic evaluation of blood smears revealed intra-erythrocytic stages of Plasmodium spp. and a regenerative reticulocytosis in the absence of anaemia...
August 6, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736324/survival-and-neurological-outcome-in-the-elderly-after-in-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#4
G Hirlekar, T Karlsson, S Aune, A Ravn-Fischer, P Albertsson, J Herlitz, B Libungan
BACKGROUND: There have been few studies of the outcome in elderly patients who have suffered in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) and the association between cardiac arrest characteristics and survival. AIM: The aim of this large observational study was to investigate the survival and neurological outcome in the elderly after IHCA, and to identify which factors were associated with survival. METHODS: We investigated elderly IHCA patients (≥70years of age) who were registered in the Swedish Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Registry 2007-2015...
July 20, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733105/adverse-reactions-of-%C3%AE-2-adrenoceptor-agonists-in-cats-reported-in-2003-2013-in-finland
#5
Marja R Raekallio, Marika Virtanen, Irmeli Happonen, Outi M Vainio
OBJECTIVE: To describe suspected adverse drug reactions in cats associated with use of α2-adrenoceptor agonists. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. ANIMALS: A total of 90 cats. METHODS: Data were collected from reports on adverse reactions to veterinary medicines sent to the Finnish Medicines Agency during 2003-2013. All reports of suspected adverse reactions associated with use of α2-adrenoceptor agonists in cats were included...
March 1, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720600/is-the-mechanism-of-re-expansion-pulmonary-oedema-in-a-heart-lung-interaction
#6
Candy Masego Mokotedi, Martin Balik
The mechanism of re-expansion pulmonary oedema (Re-PE) is unclear. There are multiple variables in play when evaluating the response to evacuation of pleural fluid. We present an educational case of a critically ill patient admitted for respiratory failure who was fully dependent on ventricular pacing set at a constant rate throughout the episode of Re-PE. The transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) showed an ejection fraction of 38%, moderate mitral regurgitation (MR), mildly dilated right ventricle and moderate pulmonary hypertension...
July 18, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707294/long-term-follow-up-in-a-pregnant-patient-with-severe-aortic-stenosis-complicated-by-pulmonary-oedema-and-cardiac-arrest-treated-with-cardiopulmonary-bypass-surgery
#7
Janusz Kudlicki, Anna M Kania, Andrzej Tomaszewski, Andrzej Wysokiński, Janusz Stążka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703036/an-unusual-presentation-of-ischaemic-mitral-regurgitation-as-p2-prolapse
#8
David S Thompson, Prakash P Punjabi
A 54-year-old gentleman presented with pulmonary oedema secondary to anterolateral papillary muscle (PPM) rupture and acute mitral regurgitation subsequent to myocardial ischaemia (MI). Angiography revealed complete occlusion of the first obtuse marginal (OM1) branch of the circumflex coronary artery and a 70% occlusion of the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery. Operatively, unusual anatomy was noted; an accessory head was attached superiorly to the anterior lateral PPM. This gave rise to chordae that were subsequently attached to the posterior second (P2) scallop...
July 1, 2017: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690757/minimal-change-disease-in-horseshoe-kidney
#9
Yosr Chaabouni, Rahma Guesmi, Yosr Hentati, Khaoula Kammoun, Mohamed Ben Hmida, Zeineb Mnif, Tahya Boudawara, Jamil Hachicha
The horseshoe kidney is a frequent urological birth defect. The most frequent complications are urinary tract infections, stones and hydronephrosis. The occurrence of glomerular disease in horseshoe kidney is rare. Therefore, we report the first case of minimal change disease occurring in a patient with horseshoe kidney in literature. A 22-year-old Caucasian man without personal or family medical history admitted to the pneumology department for a pulmonary artery embolism. In presence of a generalized oedema, a biological assessment was performed yielding intense nephrotic syndrome with urine protein excretion 22g/day...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682027/-pulmonary-congestion-and-hypertension-in-hemodialysis-patients
#10
Francesca Mallamaci, Giovanni Tripepi
Mild to moderate volume expansion is a frequent complication in dialysis patients and acute volume overload, such as acute pulmonary oedema, is one of the most worrying medical emergency in these patients. Estimated systolic blood pressure in the pulmonary artery (ePASP) is an important risk factor of mortality and cardiovascular (CV) events in the general population and in patients on dialysis. Therefore, the assessment of body water in dialysis patients is useful both from the clinical point of view for monitoring fluids as well as for prognostic purposes...
March 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653390/interventions-for-preventing-high-altitude-illness-part-1-commonly-used-classes-of-drugs
#11
REVIEW
Víctor H Nieto Estrada, Daniel Molano Franco, Roger David Medina, Alejandro G Gonzalez Garay, Arturo J Martí-Carvajal, Ingrid Arevalo-Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: High altitude illness (HAI) is a term used to describe a group of cerebral and pulmonary syndromes that can occur during travel to elevations above 2500 metres (8202 feet). Acute hypoxia, acute mountain sickness (AMS), high altitude cerebral oedema (HACE) and high altitude pulmonary oedema (HAPE) are reported as potential medical problems associated with high altitude. In this review, the first in a series of three about preventive strategies for HAI, we assess the effectiveness of six of the most recommended classes of pharmacological interventions...
June 27, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652270/neurogenic-pulmonary-oedema-a-rare-cause-of-maternal-collapse
#12
Huma Farooq, Sukrutha Veerareddy, Eli Silber
Acute pulmonary oedema is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in pregnant and postpartum women. We present an unusual case of near-fatal acute pulmonary oedema in a pregnant woman, which was attributed to the acute onset of neurogenic pulmonary oedema secondary to epileptic seizure activity. The patient required supportive management in the intensive care setting for a short period and subsequently made complete recovery with regular neurological follow-up arranged for the management of her epilepsy...
June 26, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628283/-case-report-pulmonary-embolism-complicated-by-angioneurotic-edema
#13
R Lopez, B Cuppens, S Robinet, A Ancion, V d'Orio, A Ghuysen, P Lancellotti
Although angioneurotic oedema (AE) is a rare entity, it sometimes leads to devastating consequences. We report the case of an oro-pharyngeal angioneurotic attack following the initiation of a fibrinolysis therapy by alteplase and relay by heparin in a patient with severe acute pulmonary embolism. In view of this original case, we propose to highlight the most recent elements concerning the physiopathology of this disease.
June 2017: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625511/lung-fluid-clearance-in-chronic-heart-failure-patients
#14
Dani-Louise Dixon, Carmine G De Pasquale, Mark D Lawrence, Elena Cavallaro, Vito Rubino, Andrew D Bersten
Chronic elevation of pulmonary microvascular pressure (Pmv) consistently leads to alveolocapillary barrier thickening and reduction in the filtration coefficient. In animal models of chronic heart failure (CHF) the lung remains dry despite hydrostatic forces. As fluid flux is bi-directional, it has been postulated that an increase in alveolar fluid clearance may facilitate the dry lung when Pmv is chronically elevated. In this study we aimed to examine alveolar fluid clearance in ambulatory patients with CHF secondary to left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction compared against non-CHF controls...
May 26, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625165/transpulmonary-thermodilution-advantages-and-limits
#15
REVIEW
Xavier Monnet, Jean-Louis Teboul
BACKGROUND: For complex patients in the intensive care unit or in the operating room, many questions regarding their haemodynamic management cannot be answered with simple clinical examination. In particular, arterial pressure allows only a rough estimation of cardiac output. Transpulmonary thermodilution is a technique that provides a full haemodynamic assessment through cardiac output and other indices. MAIN BODY: Through the analysis of the thermodilution curve recorded at the tip of an arterial catheter after the injection of a cold bolus in the venous circulation, transpulmonary thermodilution intermittently measures cardiac output...
June 19, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620429/novel-approaches-to-ultrasonography-of-the-lung-and-pleural-space-where-are-we-now
#16
REVIEW
Daniel Lichtenstein
This review article is an update of what should be known for practicing basic lung ultrasound in the critically ill (LUCI) and is also of interest for less critical disciplines (e.g. pulmonology). It pinpoints on the necessity of a professional machine (not necessarily a sophisticated one) and probe. It lists the 10 main signs of LUCI and some of the main protocols made possible using LUCI: the BLUE protocol for a respiratory failure, the FALLS protocol for a circulatory failure, the SESAME protocol for a cardiac arrest and the investigation of a ventilated acute respiratory distress syndrome patient, etc...
June 2017: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609593/travelling-safely-to-places-at-high-altitude-understanding-and-preventing-altitude-illness
#17
Ivan Parise
BACKGROUND: Greater numbers of people are travelling to places at high altitude each year. Altitude illness is common in places at high altitude and may be life-threatening. General practitioners (GPs) are best placed to provide evidence-based advice to keep travellers well informed of the possible risks they may encounter in places at high altitude. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to review knowledge on altitude illness in order to help GPs assist patients to travel safely to places at high altitude...
June 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600109/the-cardio-respiratory-effects-of-intra-abdominal-hypertension-considerations-for-critical-care-nursing-practice
#18
REVIEW
Martin Christensen, Judy Craft
Intra-abdominal hypertension can be classified as either primary or secondary. Primary intra-abdominal hypertension is often associated through trauma or diseases of the abdominopelvic region such as pancreatitis or abdominal surgery, while secondary intra-abdominal hypertension is the result of extra-abdominal causes such as sepsis or burns. The critically ill patient offers some challenges in monitoring in particular secondaryintra-abdominal hypertension because of the effects of fluid resuscitation, the use of inotropes and positive pressure ventilation...
June 6, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592295/angiostrongylus-vasorum-infection-in-dogs-from-a-cardiopulmonary-dirofilariosis-endemic-area-of-northwestern-italy-a-case-study-and-a-retrospective-data-analysis
#19
Emanuela Olivieri, Sergio Aurelio Zanzani, Alessia Libera Gazzonis, Chiara Giudice, Paola Brambilla, Isa Alberti, Stefano Romussi, Rocco Lombardo, Carlo Maria Mortellaro, Barbara Banco, Federico Maria Vanzulli, Fabrizia Veronesi, Maria Teresa Manfredi
BACKGROUND: In Italy, Angiostrongylus vasorum, an emergent parasite, is being diagnosed in dogs from areas considered free of infection so far. As clinical signs are multiple and common to other diseases, its diagnosis can be challenging. In particular, in areas where angiostrongylosis and dirofilariosis overlap, a misleading diagnosis of cardiopulmonary dirofilariosis might occur even on the basis of possible misleading outcomes from diagnostic kits. CASE PRESENTATION: Two Cavalier King Charles spaniel dogs from an Italian breeding in the Northwest were referred to a private veterinary hospital with respiratory signs...
June 7, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574276/intra-aortic-balloon-pump-protects-against-hydrostatic-pulmonary-oedema-during-peripheral-venoarterial-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#20
Nicolas Bréchot, Pierre Demondion, Francesca Santi, Guillaume Lebreton, Tai Pham, Apostolos Dalakidis, Laetitia Gambotti, Charles-Edouard Luyt, Matthieu Schmidt, Guillaume Hekimian, Philippe Cluzel, Jean Chastre, Pascal Leprince, Alain Combes
BACKGROUND: Increased left ventricular afterload during peripheral venoarterial-extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) support frequently causes hydrostatic pulmonary oedema. Because physiological studies demonstrated left ventricular afterload decrease during VA-ECMO assistance combined with the intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP), we progressively changed our standard practice systematically to associate an IABP with VA-ECMO. This study aimed to evaluate IABP efficacy in preventing pulmonary oedema in VA-ECMO-assisted patients...
June 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
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