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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442812/ramsay-hunt-syndrome-in-a-patient-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection
#1
Mrinal Gupta
Ramsay Hunt syndrome (RHS) is a rare, severe complication of varicella-zoster virus reactivation in the geniculate ganglion, characterized by hearing loss, pain, and vesicles in the ear or mouth along with ipsilateral facial palsy. Although it is rare, it is more commonly found with immunodeficiency conditions. We report a case of a 35-year-old human immunodeficiency virus positive male, having CD4+ count of 336/μl, who presented with RHS and had vertigo, painful vesicular eruptions on the right ear and unilateral sensorineural hearing loss...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414006/unit-cost-of-common-illness-management-a-comparison-between-a-primary-care-unit-and-a-community-pharmacy-in-thailand
#2
Kritsanee Saramunee, Chanuttha Ploylearmsang, Surasak Chaiyasong, Wiraphol Phimarn, Phayom Sookaneknun
Aim This study was to perform unit cost analysis of managing common illnesses comparing between a primary care unit (PCU) and a community pharmacy. BACKGROUND: PCU is a key point of access for primary care in Thailand. Although a community pharmacy is an ideal setting, it has not been successfully incorporated in Thailand's health service. Common illnesses are encountered everyday by community pharmacists, an appropriate compensation for this service has not been established. METHODS: A primary care service of one educational institution was a study site...
April 17, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395101/ear-acupuncture-for-immediate-pain-relief-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#3
M Murakami, L Fox, Marcel P Dijkers
Objective.: To systematically review the literature on the effectiveness of ear acupuncture (EA) for immediate pain relief. Data sources.: AMED, CINAHL, Cochrane Reviews, Embase, PsycINFO, PubMed, Scopus Web of Science, from inception through March 2015. Study selection.: English publications, randomized controlled trials on human subjects involving EA as a treatment for pain, with outcomes recorded within 48 hours. Data extraction and design...
March 1, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388396/acute-facial-nerve-palsy-with-ipsilateral-soft-palate-ulcers
#4
C Mauprivez, C Comte, M Labrousse, R H Khonsari
Ramsay-Hunt syndrome (RHS) is a rare complication of herpes zoster in which reactivation of latent varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection occurs in the geniculate ganglion. Major clinical findings are peripheral facial nerve palsy accompanied by ipsilateral ear pain and erythematous vesicular rash on the external ear (herpes zoster oticus) and in the mouth. Thus, diagnosis of RHS is usually clinical. However, auricular herpetic eruption is not always present, making diagnosis more difficult. This report describes a case of RHS with left facial palsy without skin lesions in 60-year-old woman...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386290/analgesic-and-anti-inflammatory-activities-of-resveratrol-through-classic-models-in-mice-and-rats
#5
Guangxi Wang, Zhiqiang Hu, Xu Song, Qiankun Cui, Qiuting Fu, Renyong Jia, Yuanfeng Zou, Lixia Li, Zhongqiong Yin
Background. Inflammation and pain are closely related to humans' and animals' health. Resveratrol (RSV) is a natural compound with various biological activities. The current study is aimed to evaluate the analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of RSV in vivo. Materials and Methods. The analgesic effects were assessed by the acetic acid-induced writhing and hot plate tests. The anti-inflammatory effects were determined using the xylene-induced mouse ear oedema, the acetic acid-induced rat pleurisy, and carrageenan-induced rat synovitis tests, respectively...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382085/identification-of-a-novel-gla-mutation-l206-p-in-a-patient-with-fabry-disease
#6
Ji-Hoon Kim, Gee-Hee Kim, Hoon-Suk Park, Jin-A Choi, Jung-Min Bae, Uiju Cho
We report a new α-Galactosidase A (αGal-A) mutation in a 39-year-old Korean born, male Fabry disease patient. Fabry disease is a devastating, progressive inborn error of metabolism caused by X-linked genetic mutations. In this case, the first clinical symptom to occur was in childhood consisting of a burning pain originating in the extremities then radiating inwards to the limbs. This patient also stated to have ringing in his ears, angiokeratomas on his trunk, and cornea verticillata. He visited an outpatient cardiologist due to intermittent and atypical chest discomfort at the age of 39...
March 2017: Korean Circulation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376637/correlation-of-symptoms-clinical-signs-and-biomarkers-of-inflammation-in-postsurgical-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#7
Samuel D Racette, Rohan C Wijewickrama, Vijayvel Jayaprakash, David A Sherris, Carlos Santos, Hirohito Kita, Frank E O'Donnell, Jens U Ponikau
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to evaluate symptoms described by patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with polypoid changes/nasal polyps and their correlation with computed tomography (CT), nasal endoscopy, and intranasal biomarkers. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective multicenter study symptom data from postsurgical adult chronic rhinosinusitis study participants with recurrent disease refractory to medical therapy were analyzed in comparison with objective data. METHODS: Using logistic regression analysis, participant-rated 16-question surveys from 258 participants were assessed for correlation with nasal endoscopy scores, CT percentage of sinus occlusion, and intranasal biomarkers of fungal antigens (Alternaria and Aspergillus), eosinophilic inflammation (eosinophil-derived neurotoxin [EDN] and major basic protein [MBP]), and inflammatory cytokines (interleukins 5 and 13)...
June 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372534/panel-7-otitis-media-treatment-and-complications
#8
Anne G M Schilder, Tal Marom, Mahmood F Bhutta, Margaretha L Casselbrant, Harvey Coates, Marie Gisselsson-Solén, Amanda J Hall, Paola Marchisio, Aino Ruohola, Roderick P Venekamp, Ellen M Mandel
Objective We aimed to summarize key articles published between 2011 and 2015 on the treatment of (recurrent) acute otitis media, otitis media with effusion, tympanostomy tube otorrhea, chronic suppurative otitis media and complications of otitis media, and their implications for clinical practice. Data Sources PubMed, Ovid Medline, the Cochrane Library, and Clinical Evidence (BMJ Publishing). Review Methods All types of articles related to otitis media treatment and complications between June 2011 and March 2015 were identified...
April 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368343/a-novel-brucine-gel-transdermal-delivery-system-designed-for-anti-inflammatory-and-analgesic-activities
#9
Ping Wu, Qin Liang, Pei Feng, Chunyan Li, Chunguang Yang, Hongsuo Liang, Huaibo Tang, Cijun Shuai
The seeds of Strychnosnux-vomica L., as a traditional Chinese medicine, have good anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities. However, it usually leads to gastrointestinal irritation and systemic toxicity via oral administration. In the study, it was discovered that a novel gel transdermal delivery system contained brucine, the main effective component extracted from Strychnosnux-vomica. Results showed that the brucine gel system inhibited arthritis symptoms and the proliferation of the synoviocytes in the rat adjuvant arthritis model, which indicated its curative effect for rheumatoid arthritis...
April 3, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357831/mermaid-health-identifying-health-issues-related-to-mermaiding
#10
Matthieu J Guitton
BACKGROUND: Mermaiding - swimming with a leg-covering monofin mimicking the tail of a mermaid - is an emerging aquatic activity, which has gained a marked popularity over the last few years. However, no study so far has documented the potential health issues or risks of injuries related to this practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study surveyed professional mermaids cumulating an estimated total of 19,147 h of in-water mermaiding, regarding their health issues and injuries...
2017: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344944/human-bite-injuries-on-the-jos-plateau
#11
B T Ugwu
BACKGROUND: Human bite injuries with the associated morbidity are not uncommon in this environment. OBJECTIVE: To determine the pattern, management modalities and treatment outcome of human bites in Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria. DESIGN: A prospective study of all human bite injuries managed at the Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria between January 2012 and December 2014. SETTING: Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria...
April 2016: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324812/the-effects-of-ovarian-biopsy-and-blood-sampling-methods-on-salivary-cortisol-and-behaviour-in-sows
#12
Jinhyeon Yun, Stefan Björkman, Merja Pöytäkangas, Olli Peltoniemi
In reproductive physiology research, experimental animals are often subjected to stressful procedures, including blood sampling and biopsy. In this present study, presence of pain or distress induced by four different procedures was examined using a measurement of salivary cortisol levels and activity observations in sows. The treatments were: 1) PAL: The ovary was palpated through the rectum without snaring, 2) TUB: transvaginal ultrasound-guided biopsy of the ovary was conducted without snaring, 3) SNA: a soft rope snare was placed around the maxilla, 4) CAT: A soft rope snare was placed around the maxilla, and an intravenous catheter was inserted through the ear vein of the sows...
March 11, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315017/-is-supplemental-ear-acupuncture-for-surgical-tooth-removal-with-local-anesthesia-effective-a%C3%A2-pilot-study
#13
E A Lux, G Wahl, J Erlenwein, C Wiese, S Wirz
BACKGROUND: The application of ear acupuncture can contribute to a reduction of acute pain. Data on the application of ear acupuncture following oral surgery in odontology is insufficient. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effectiveness of ear acupuncture as an auxiliary analgesic treatment in addition to local anesthesia for operative tooth removal. METHODS: In this prospective open non-randomized pilot study (in accordance with the CONSORT publication) 2 cohorts of 50 patients each with the indications for an operative tooth removal either with or without the application of ear acupuncture in addition to local anesthesia with articain were observed...
March 17, 2017: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288478/benign-temporomandibular-joint-lesions-presenting-as-masses-in-the-external-auditory-canal
#14
Ryan A Williams, Robert K Jackler, C Eduardo Corrales
OBJECTIVE: Describe benign lesions arising from the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) that presented as masses in the external auditory canal (EAC). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series of two academic medical centers. PATIENTS: Six patients with lesions emanating from the TMJ that presented as EAC masses. Lesions included pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS), nodular fasciitis, foramen of Huschke herniation with salivary fistula, fibroepithelial polyp, superficial angiomyxoma, and giant cell tumor (GCT)...
April 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286566/gastrointestinal-manifestations-of-mitochondrial-disorders-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Josef Finsterer, Marlies Frank
Mitochondrial disorders (MIDs) due to respiratory-chain defects or nonrespiratory chain defects are usually multisystem conditions [mitochondrial multiorgan disorder syndrome (MIMODS)] affecting the central nervous system (CNS), peripheral nervous system, eyes, ears, endocrine organs, heart, kidneys, bone marrow, lungs, arteries, and also the intestinal tract. Frequent gastrointestinal (GI) manifestations of MIDs include poor appetite, gastroesophageal sphincter dysfunction, constipation, dysphagia, vomiting, gastroparesis, GI pseudo-obstruction, diarrhea, or pancreatitis and hepatopathy...
January 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283791/balloon-eustachian-tuboplasty-in-children
#16
A Leichtle, D Hollfelder, B Wollenberg, K-L Bruchhage
Endonasal ballon dilatation of the Eustachian tube (BET) is a promising treatment for Eustachian tube dysfunction with encouraging results over the last years in adults. In addition, in children, single studies demonstrated promising results, but revealed the necessity for broader and additional studies. Our retrospective analysis presents outcomes with BET in children with chronic obstructive dysfunction of the Eustachian tube, showing resistance to the conventional therapy after adenotomy with paracentesis or grommets (ventilation tubes)...
March 10, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277225/arteriovenous-malformation-of-the-external-ear-a-clinical-assessment-with-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#17
Shin Hye Kim, Seung Hoon Han, Yoonjae Song, Chang Sik Park, Jae-Jin Song
INTRODUCTION: Auricular Arteriovenous Malformation (AVM) of the external ear is a rarely encountered disease; in particular, AVM arising from the auricle, with spontaneous bleeding, has seldom been reported. OBJECTIVE: In the current study, we report an unusual case of late-onset auricular AVM originating from the posterior auricular artery that was confirmed by computed tomographic angiography. The case was successfully managed by pre-surgical intravascular embolization followed by total lesion excision...
October 17, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260394/evidence-for-behaviorally-segregated-spatiotemporally-overlapping-subnetworks-in-phantom-sound-perception
#18
Anusha Mohan, Nicole Moreno, Jae-Jin Song, Dirk De Ridder, Sven Vanneste
One of the most intriguing questions in neuroscience is to understand the mechanism of information transfer between different brain areas. Recently, network theory has gained traction and is at the forefront of providing a possible explanation to not only the mechanism of information transfer but also in the identification of different neuropathologies. The perception of a phantom ringing in the ear called tinnitus, similar to other neuropathologies, has been shown to be accompanied by aberrant functional connectivity between different brain areas...
April 2017: Brain Connectivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255253/a-case-report-of-complex-auricular-neuralgia-treated-with-the-great-auricular-nerve-and-facet-blocks
#19
Marzieh Eghtesadi, Elizabeth Leroux, Grisell Vargas-Schaffer
BACKGROUND: The great auricular nerve is a cutaneous branch of the cervical plexus originating from the C2 and C3 spinal nerves. It innervates the skin over the external ear, the angle of the mandible and the parotid gland. It communicates with the ansa cervicalis. Great auricular neuralgia is rarely diagnosed in clinical practice and can be refractory. We present a new approach using ultrasound-guided nerve blocks. CASE: We present a case of a 41-year-old female with paroxysmal ear pain accompanied by dysautonomia, tingling in the tongue, dysphagia, dysarthria and abdominal symptoms...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231370/significance-of-imaging-in-the-diagnosis-of-olfactory-disorder
#20
Teemu Harju, Markus Rautiainen, Ilkka Kivekäs
The aim of this retrospective analysis was to examine olfactory disorders among the patients in the Ear, Nose, and Throat Clinic of Tampere University Hospital, Finland, from 2001 to 2011, and to evaluate the necessity of imaging in the examination of patients with olfactory disorders. Charts of 143 consecutive patients with a primary olfactory disorder were examined, and 69 patients who had undergone the necessary testing were included in the study. The most common causes of olfactory disorder were upper respiratory infection (23%), chronic rhinosinusitis (19%), head trauma (17%), and allergic or nonallergic rhinitis (6%)...
February 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
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