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embryonic development following somatic cell nuclear transfer

Sellappan Selvaraju, Sivashanmugam Parthipan, Lakshminarayana Somashekar, B Krishnan Binsila, Atul P Kolte, Arunachalam Arangasamy, Janivara Parameshwaraiah Ravindra, Stephen A Krawetz
With artificial insemination (AI) and other precision dependent assisted reproductive technologies (ART) being followed in large scale in human and animal reproduction, assessing semen quality and fertilizability is under continuous scrutiny. Various tests have been developed to predict semen quality, but so far no single, highly reliable test is available. In this regard, transcriptomic profiling of spermatozoa assumes significance as it carries the information about spermatogenesis, sperm function, and paternal roles in post-fertilization events...
March 14, 2018: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
S Mishra, E Kacin, P Stamatiadis, S Franck, M Van der Jeught, H Mertes, G Pennings, P De Sutter, K Sermon, B Heindryckx, M Geens
The derivation of gametes from patient-specific pluripotent stem cells may provide new perspectives for genetic parenthood for patients currently facing sterility. We use current data to assess the gamete differentiation potential of patient-specific pluripotent stem cells and to determine which reprogramming strategy holds the greatest promise for future clinical applications. First, we compare the two best established somatic cell reprogramming strategies: the production of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) and somatic cell nuclear transfer followed by embryonic stem cell derivation (SCNT-ESC)...
February 19, 2018: Molecular Human Reproduction
S G Moore, J F Hasler
Reproductive technology revolutionized dairy production during the past century. Artificial insemination was first successfully applied to cattle in the early 1900s. The next major developments involved semen extenders, invention of the electroejaculator, progeny testing, addition of antibiotics to semen during the 1930s and 1940s, and the major discovery of sperm cryopreservation with glycerol in 1949. The 1950s and 1960s were particularly productive with the development of protocols for the superovulation of cattle with both pregnant mare serum gonadotrophin/equine chorionic gonadotrophin and FSH, the first successful bovine embryo transfer, the discovery of sperm capacitation, the birth of rabbits after in vitro fertilization, and the development of insulated liquid nitrogen tanks...
December 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
Ji I Baek, Dong-Won Seol, Ah-Reum Lee, Woo Sik Lee, Sook-Young Yoon, Dong Ryul Lee
Levels of maturation-promoting factor (MPF) in oocytes decline after vitrification, and this decline has been suggested as one of the main causes of low developmental competence resulting from cryoinjury. Here, we evaluated MPF activity in vitrified mouse eggs following treatment with caffeine, a known stimulator of MPF activity, and/or the proteasome inhibitor MG132. Collected MII oocytes were vitrified and divided into four groups: untreated, 10 mM caffeine (CA), 10 μM MG132 (MG), and 10 mM caffeine +10 μM MG132 (CA+MG)...
November 30, 2017: Molecules and Cells
Kanokwan Srirattana, Justin C St John
The mixing of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from the donor cell and the recipient oocyte in embryos and offspring derived from somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) compromises genetic integrity and affects embryo development. We set out to generate SCNT embryos that inherited their mtDNA from the recipient oocyte only, as is the case following natural conception. While SCNT blastocysts produced from Holstein (Bos taurus) fibroblasts depleted of their mtDNA, and oocytes derived from Angus (Bos taurus) cattle possessed oocyte mtDNA only, the coexistence of donor cell and oocyte mtDNA resulted in blastocysts derived from nondepleted cells...
July 5, 2017: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
Huili Ji, Chuan Long, Chong Feng, Ningning Shi, Yingdi Jiang, Guomin Zeng, Xirui Li, Jingjing Wu, Lin Lu, Shengsheng Lu, Dengke Pan
BACKGROUND: Blastocyst complementation is an important technique for generating chimeric organs in organ-deficient pigs, which holds great promise for solving the problem of a shortage of organs for human transplantation procedures. Porcine chimeras have been generated using embryonic germ cells, embryonic stem cells, and induced pluripotent stem cells; however, there are no authentic pluripotent stem cells for pigs. In previous studies, blastomeres from 4- to 8-cell-stage parthenogenetic embryos were able to generate chimeric fetuses efficiently, but the resulting fetuses did not produce live-born young...
April 11, 2017: Xenotransplantation
Hanna Lee, Fazle Elahi, Joohyeong Lee, Seung Tae Lee, Sang-Hwan Hyun, Eunsong Lee
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of cyclic AMP (cAMP) modulator cilostamide (CIL) and forskolin (FSK) treatment during in vitro growth (IVG) on growth, maturation, and embryonic development of cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) derived from small antral follicles < 3 mm in diameter (SAFCOCs). SAFCOCs were untreated (control) or treated with 20 μM CIL and/or 50 μM FSK for 2 days for IVG. Next, IVG oocytes were cultured for maturation and then induced for parthenogenesis (PA) or used as recipient ooplasts for somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT)...
March 15, 2017: Theriogenology
F Moulavi, S M Hosseini, N Tanhaie-Vash, S Ostadhosseini, S H Hosseini, M Hajinasrollah, M H Asghari, H Gourabi, A Shahverdi, A D Vosough, M H Nasr-Esfahani
Recent accomplishments in the field of somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) hold tremendous promise to prevent rapid loss of animal genetic resources using ex situ conservation technology. Most of SCNT studies use viable cells for nuclear transfer into recipient oocytes. However, preparation of live cells in extreme circumstances, in which post-mortem material of endangered/rare animals is improperly retained frozen, is difficult, if not impossible. This study investigated the possibility of interspecies-SCNT (iSCNT) in Asiatic cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus venaticus), a critically endangered subspecies, using nuclei derived from frozen tissue in absence of cryo-protectant at -20 °C and in vitro matured domestic cat oocytes...
March 1, 2017: Theriogenology
H L Sun, L N Meng, X Zhao, J R Jiang, Q Y Liu, D S Shi, F H Lu
Buffalo are characteristic livestock of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China, but their low reproductive capacity necessitates the use of somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). We investigated the effects of RG108 on DNA methylation in buffalo adult fibroblasts, and on subsequent SCNT embryo development. RG108 treatment (0, 5, 10, 20, and 100 mM) had no effect on cell morphology, viability, or karyotype (2n = 48), and cell growth followed a typical "S" curve. Immunohistochemistry showed that relative DNA methylation gradually decreased as RG108 concentration increased, and was significantly lower in the 20 and 100 mM groups compared to the 0, 5, and 10 mM treatments (0...
September 2, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Min Yang, Justin Hall, Zhiqiang Fan, Misha Regouski, Qinggang Meng, Heloisa M Rutigliano, Rusty Stott, Kerry A Rood, Kip E Panter, Irina A Polejaeva
Reduced developmental competence after IVF has been reported using oocyte derived from small follicles in several species including cattle, sheep, and goats. No information is currently available about the effect of follicle size of the cytoplast donor on in vivo development after somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) in goats. Oocytes collected from large (≥3 mm) and small follicles (<3 mm) were examined for maturation and in vivo developmental competence after SCNT. Significantly greater maturation rate was observed in oocytes derived from large follicles compared with that of small follicles (51...
December 2016: Theriogenology
Heiner Niemann
The birth of "Dolly," the first mammal cloned from an adult mammary epithelial cell, abolished the decades-old scientific dogma implying that a terminally differentiated cell cannot be reprogrammed into a pluripotent embryonic state. The most dramatic epigenetic reprogramming occurs in SCNT when the expression profile of a differentiated cell is abolished and a new embryo-specific expression profile, involving 10,000 to 12,000 genes, and thus, most genes of the entire genome is established, which drives embryonic and fetal development...
July 1, 2016: Theriogenology
Jan O Secher, Henrik Callesen, Kristine K Freude, Poul Hyttel
The quest for porcine pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) was initiated in the early 90s. Initially, it was the intention to benefit from these cells for production of genetically modified pigs using homologous recombination followed by derivation of chimeric offspring; a technology that has been used to produce genetically modified mice since the mid-80s. However, no convincing reports on the generation of bona fide porcine embryonic stem cells or embryonic germ cells resulted from these activities, and with the advent of somatic cell nuclear transfer during the late 90s, alternative methods for creating genetically modified pigs emerged...
January 1, 2016: Theriogenology
Joohyeong Lee, Jong-Im Park, Geun-Shik Lee, Jung Hoon Choi, Seung Tae Lee, Choon-Keun Park, Dae Young Kim, Sang-Hwan Hyun, Eunsong Lee
The objective of this study was to examine the effects of colcemid treatment during oocyte in vitro maturation (IVM) and embryonic development after parthenogenetic activation (PA) and somatic-cell nucleus transfer (SCNT) in pigs. Immature oocytes were treated with colcemid from 0 to 22, 38 to 42, or 0 to 22 hr followed by 38 to 42 hr during IVM (designated as COL0-22, COL38-42, and COL0-22/38-42, respectively). The proportion of oocytes reaching the germinal vesicle (GV)/GV breakdown (GVBD) stage after 22 hr of IVM was higher in COL0-22 (98...
June 2015: Molecular Reproduction and Development
S H Lee, E J Park, J H Moon, K Y Song, S J Kim, J K Cho, B C Lee
Antioxidants are widely used for in vitro production of embryos due to their activity as reactive oxygen species scavengers. Among various antioxidants, resveratrol supplementation in in vitro-maturation (IVM) media and trolox supplementation in in vitro-culture (IVC) media improves oocyte maturation and embryonic development in other species, such as cattle and sheep. Limited information is available, however, on the effect of resveratrol and/or trolox on porcine embryos produced in vitro. In this study, we evaluated the effect of resveratrol supplemented to the media of IVM and trolox treatment during IVC on porcine parthenotes...
December 2014: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
L T K Do, Y Sato, M Taniguchi, T Otoi
The developmental ability of interspecies somatic cell nuclear transfer (iSCNT) embryos decreases as the taxonomic distance between the donor and recipient species increases. Treatment of cat iSCNT embryos using bovine oocytes with 50nM of trichostatin A (TSA) improves in vitro embryonic development (Wittayarat et al. 2013 Cell. Reprogram. 15, 301-308). This study investigated whether the TSA treatment effects differ between the development of cat iSCNT embryos reconstructed with porcine and bovine oocytes...
December 2014: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
Shogo Matoba, Yuting Liu, Falong Lu, Kumiko A Iwabuchi, Li Shen, Azusa Inoue, Yi Zhang
Mammalian oocytes can reprogram somatic cells into a totipotent state enabling animal cloning through somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). However, the majority of SCNT embryos fail to develop to term due to undefined reprogramming defects. Here, we identify histone H3 lysine 9 trimethylation (H3K9me3) of donor cell genome as a major barrier for efficient reprogramming by SCNT. Comparative transcriptome analysis identified reprogramming resistant regions (RRRs) that are expressed normally at 2-cell mouse embryos generated by in vitro fertilization (IVF) but not SCNT...
November 6, 2014: Cell
Hiren Patel, Shruti Chougule, Parul Chohan, Naval Shah, Deepa Bhartiya
Pluripotent stem cells are possibly the best candidates for regenerative medicine, and somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) is one of the viable options to make patient-specific embryonic stem cells. Till date efficacy of SCNT embryos is very low and requires further improvement like ideal oocyte activation and in vitro culture system. The aim of the present study was to evaluate ideal oocyte activation using different stimulation protocols and to study the effect of cumulus co-culture conditions on embryo development...
October 2014: Indian Journal of Experimental Biology
Naru Zhou, Zubing Cao, Ronghua Wu, Xing Liu, Jia Tao, Zhen Chen, Dandan Song, Fei Han, Yunsheng Li, Fugui Fang, Xiaorong Zhang, Yunhai Zhang
Histone H3 lysine 27 acetylation (H3K27ac) is an active epigenetic modification which has been revealed to be associated with active gene expression. It was hypothesized that H3K27ac might also participate in the porcine somatic reprogramming process during early development of SCNT-derived embryos. The spatial and temporal expression profiles of H3K27ac were investigated at different developmental stages in SCNT embryos compared with in vitro fertilization (IVF) and parthenogenetic activation (PA) counterparts...
August 2014: Animal Reproduction Science
Gareth D Greggains, Lisa M Lister, Helen A L Tuppen, Qi Zhang, Louise H Needham, Nilendran Prathalingam, Louise A Hyslop, Lyndsey Craven, Zbigniew Polanski, Alison P Murdoch, Douglass M Turnbull, Mary Herbert
Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) hold much promise in the quest for personalised cell therapies. However, the persistence of founder cell mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations limits the potential of iPSCs in the development of treatments for mtDNA disease. This problem may be overcome by using oocytes containing healthy mtDNA, to induce somatic cell nuclear reprogramming. However, the extent to which somatic cell mtDNA persists following fusion with human oocytes is unknown. Here we show that human nuclear transfer (NT) embryos contain very low levels of somatic cell mtDNA...
January 24, 2014: Scientific Reports
Geon A Kim, Hyun Ju Oh, Tae Hee Lee, Ji Hyun Lee, Sang Hwan Oh, Ju Hyun Lee, Jin Wook Kim, Se Woon Kim, Byeong Chun Lee
Canine adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs) are promising as donor cells for somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). It has been suggested that different cell cultures possess different capacities to support pre-implantation development of SCNT embryos. The aim of this study is to investigate whether two culture medium (RCMEP, Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium [DMEM]) affect gene expression of ASCs, subsequent development of interspecies SCNT (iSCNT) and gene expression of cloned embryos. The RCMEP-cultured cells contained significantly greater amounts of SOX2, NANOG, OCT4, DNMT1, and MeCP2 than DMEM-cultured cells (P < 0...
January 15, 2014: Theriogenology
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