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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760536/validation-of-the-fautrel-classification-criteria-for-adult-onset-still-s-disease
#1
Delphine Lebrun, Stéphanie Mestrallet, Monique Dehoux, Jean Louis Golmard, Benjamin Granger, Sophie Georgin-Lavialle, Laurent Arnaud, Gilles Grateau, Jacques Pouchot, Bruno Fautrel
OBJECTIVES: To validate the Fautrel classification criteria for adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) and to compare the discriminative performance to that of the Yamaguchi criteria. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical charts of 426 patients who had serum ferritin level and percentage glycosylated ferritin assayed at the biochemistry laboratory of Bichat Hospital. Medical data were extracted by use of a standardized form. All clinical, biological, and imaging features were collected, as well, evidence favoring an alternative diagnosis, specifically symptoms suggestive of other immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMID) or active infections...
July 12, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691463/use-of-the-orbital-fat-pad-in-eyelid-reconstruction
#2
A Baj, O D Orto, M Romano, G A Beltramini, F J Silvestre, A B Giannì
Eyelid reconstruction, though challenging, can produce a functional, esthetically pleasing lid. This should preferably be accomplished with a one-stage procedure, using robust, well-vascularized tissues similar to those being replaced, with minimal associated donor morbidity. According to the experience with Bichat pedicled flap in oral reconstruction, the authors propose the use of pedicle infraorbital fat pad for repair of conjunctival defect. Seven patients underwent eyelid reconstruction of full-thickness oncological or post-traumatic defects...
April 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655678/prevalence-of-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-phenotypes-in-enterobacteria-isolated-from-blood-cultures-of-patients-at-admission-to-the-university-hospital-of-bamako
#3
S A Sangaré, A I Maïga, A Maïga, S Diallo, N Camara, S Savadogo, I Guindo, F Bougoudogo, L Armand-Lefèvre, A Andremont, I I Maïga
The aim of our study was to determine the frequency of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) phenotypes among the enterobacteria present in blood cultures of patients at admission to two university hospitals of Bamako (Mali). During a period of three months, we isolated enterobacteria from blood cultures from patients upon admission to the Point G and Gabriel Toure University Hospitals. The ESBL-positive enterobacteria were initially identified by API 20E strips and VITEK(®)2 and then confirmed in France by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry at the Bichat Hospital bacteriology laboratory...
June 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368791/-fertility-sparing-management-of-endometrial-cancer-and-atypical-hyperplasia
#4
C Gonthier, A Trefoux-Bourdet, D Luton, M Koskas
The fertility sparing management of endometrial cancer and atypical hyperplasia concern women in childbearing age with stage 1, grade 1, endometrioid adenocarcinoma confined to endometrium or atypical hyperplasia (simple or complex). These pathologies affecting more frequently postmenopausal women, the number of people involved is relatively low. The main risk factor is hyperestrogenism and these patients often present a history of infertility with a desire for pregnancy. The recommendations for this conservative management are scarce and unclear...
February 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323753/budget-impact-of-antiretroviral-therapy-in-a-french-clinic-cohort
#5
Emmanuelle Papot, Roland Landman, Françoise Louni, Charlotte Charpentier, Gilles Peytavin, Agnès Certain, Clémence Fradet, Daniela R Castro, Marie Preau, Cécile Goujard, Patrick Yeni, Yazdan Yazdanpanah
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we first assessed costs associated with the use of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in an infectious diseases University Hospital Clinic; second, we evaluated characteristics associated with these costs and finally simulated the impact on the overall ART budget of switching first-line and second-line regimens to less-costly regimens (as effective and well tolerated). DESIGN: Cohort analysis including persons living with HIV (PLHIV) aged at least 18 years on ART to estimate ART costs during 2014...
June 1, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221207/aprotinin-vs-tranexamic-acid-in-isolated-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-a-multicentre-observational-study
#6
Elsa Deloge, Julien Amour, Sophie Provenchère, Bertrand Rozec, Bruno Scherrer, Alexandre Ouattara
BACKGROUND: Aprotinin appears to be more efficacious than lysine analogues to reduce bleeding and transfusion of blood products in high-transfusion-risk cardiac surgical patients. However, in isolated coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, the results from head-to-head trials remain less conclusive. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to compare the efficacies and safety of aprotinin and tranexamic acid (TXA) in patients undergoing isolated on-pump CABG. DESIGN: A multicentre before-and-after study pooling individual data from published trials and unpublished data from three other databases...
May 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957285/dental-implants-after-the-use-of-bichat-s-buccal-fat-pad-for-the-sealing-of-oro-antral-communications-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
Cosimo Galletti, Giovanni Cammaroto, Francesco Galletti, Octavi Camps-Font, Cosme Gay-Escoda, José-Javier Bara-Casaus
Oro-antral communications are frequent complications in oral surgery, and generally occur after molar extractions, maxillary sinus elevations or dental implant procedures. The presence of these defects may increase the morbidity and often need a surgical approach. The present report describes an oro-antral communication in a 52-year-old female who presented a 2 week-course of painless nasal obstruction and rhinorrea after a right maxillary sinus floor elevationwith simultaneous dental implant placement. Based on the anamnesis, clinical examination and a computed tomographyof the paranasal sinuses, a diagnosis of odontogenic rhinosinusitis associated with a 1...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843101/is-transesophageal-echocardiography-needed-before-hospital-discharge-in-patients-after-bentall-surgery
#8
Victor Waldmann, Olivier Milleron, Bernard Iung, David Messika-Zeitoun, Laurent Lepage, Walid Ghodbane, Eric Brochet, Alec Vahanian, Patrick Nataf, Guillaume Jondeau
BACKGOUND: Whether transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) should be routinely performed before hospital discharge after Bentall surgery remains unclear. The investigators took advantage of this practice at their institution to evaluate its benefit. METHODS: All patients who had undergone the Bentall procedure at Bichat Hospital from January 2010 to March 2014 were included. For each patient, transthoracic echocardiographic and transesophageal echocardiographic data and clinical events were retrospectively collected from the various reports...
January 2017: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807817/neutrophil-expression-of-glucocorticoid-induced-leucine-zipper-gilz-anti-inflammatory-protein-is-associated-with-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-severity
#9
Marie-Alix Espinasse, David Hajage, Philippe Montravers, Pascale Piednoir, Guillaume Dufour, Florence Tubach, Vanessa Granger, Luc de Chaisemartin, Benoît Noël, Marc Pallardy, Sylvie Chollet-Martin, Armelle Biola-Vidamment
BACKGROUND: Glucocorticoid-induced leucine zipper (GILZ) is a potent anti-inflammatory protein involved in neutrophil apoptosis and the resolution of inflammation. Given the numerous pathophysiologic roles of neutrophils in the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), we postulated that neutrophil GILZ expression might be induced during ARDS, to modulate the inflammatory process and participate in lung repair. METHODS: This single-center, prospective, observational cohort study took place in the surgical intensive care unit of Bichat Hospital (Paris, France) and involved 17 ARDS patients meeting the Berlin criteria at inclusion, and 14 ventilated controls without ARDS...
December 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801367/prevalence-of-esbl-producing-enterobacteriaceae-isolated-from-blood-cultures-in-mali
#10
Samba Adama Sangare, Almoustapha Issiaka Maiga, Ibrehima Guindo, Aminata Maiga, Namory Camara, Oumar Agaly Dicko, Souleymane Diallo, Flabou Bougoudogo, Laurence Armand-Lefevre, Antoine Andremont, Ibrahim Izetiegouma Maiga
INTRODUCTION: The increasing frequency of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae is becoming a serious public health concern. This study sought to determine ESBL frequency in Enterobacteriaceae isolated from patients' blood cultures in two university teaching hospitals of Bamako, Mali. METHODOLOGY: During a three-month period, the presence of Enterobacteriaceae from blood cultures of patients admitted to the university teaching hospitals of Bamako was evaluated...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613639/a-history-of-the-autonomic-nervous-system-part-i-from-galen-to-bichat
#11
REVIEW
Peter C Oakes, Christian Fisahn, Joe Iwanaga, Daniel DiLorenzo, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
INTRODUCTION: The development of our current understanding of the autonomic nervous system has a rich history with many international contributors. CONCLUSIONS: Although our thoughts of an autonomic nervous system arose with the Greeks, the evolution and final understanding of this neural network would not be fully realized until centuries later. Therefore, our current knowledge of this system is based on hundreds of years of hypotheses and testing and was contributed to by many historic figures...
December 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27391514/obliteration-of-recurrent-large-dentigerous-cyst-using-bilateral-buccal-fat-pad-sling-flaps
#12
Hwan Jun Choi, Jun Beom Lee
Dentigerous cyst (DC), also known as follicular cyst, is an odontogenic cyst with fluid accumulation between the crown and enamel organ of an unerupted tooth, pushing the crown away from the alveolar bone. The patients with DC in the maxillary sinus should be evaluated thoroughly by extraoral and intraoral examinations, proper diagnostic imaging procedures, and pathologic examination to avoid misdiagnosis of maxillary sinusitis. The standard treatment for DC in the maxillary sinus is often removed by Caldwell-Luc approach...
July 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27295518/the-historical-origins-of-the-vegetative-state-received-wisdom-and-the-utility-of-the-text
#13
Zoe M Adams, Joseph J Fins
The persistent vegetative state (PVS) is one of the most iconic and misunderstood phrases in clinical neuroscience. Coined as a diagnostic category by Scottish neurosurgeon Bryan Jennett and American neurologist Fred Plum in 1972, the phrase "vegetative" first appeared in Aristotle's treatise On the Soul (circa mid-fourth century BCE). Aristotle influenced neuroscientists of the nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries, Xavier Bichat and Walter Timme, and informed their conceptions of the vegetative nervous system...
April 2017: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27004034/reconstruction-of-the-abdominal-wall-in-anatomical-plans-pre-and-postoperative-keys-in-repairing-cold-incisional-hernias
#14
Florina Popa, Oana Rosca, Alexandru Georgescu, Claudio Cannistra
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The clinical results of the vertical "vest-over-pants" Mayo repair were evaluated, and the risk factors for incisional hernia recurrence were studied. The purpose of this study is to point out the importance of reducing pre and post operative risk factors in the incisional hernia repair process in order to achieve a physiologically normal abdominal wall. METHODS: Twenty patients diagnosed with incisional hernia underwent an abdominal reconstruction procedure using the Mayo (Paletot) technique at Bichat Claude Bernard Hospital between 2005 and 2015...
2016: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26982623/discovery-of-a-9-mer-cationic-peptide-ltx-315-as-a-potential-first-in-class-oncolytic-peptide
#15
Bengt Erik Haug, Ketil André Camilio, Liv Tone Eliassen, Wenche Stensen, John Sigurd Svendsen, Kristel Berg, Bjarte Mortensen, Guillaume Serin, Jean-Francois Mirjolet, Francis Bichat, Øystein Rekdal
Oncolytic immunotherapies represent a new promising strategy in the treatment of cancer. In our efforts to develop oncolytic peptides, we identified a series of chemically modified 9-mer cationic peptides that were highly effective against both drug-resistant and drug-sensitive cancer cells and with lower toxicity toward normal cells. Among these peptides, LTX-315 displayed superior anticancer activity and was selected as a lead candidate. This peptide showed relative high plasma protein binding abilities and a human plasma half-life of 160 min, resulting in formation of nontoxic metabolites...
April 14, 2016: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26929564/long-term-follow-up-of-bimaxillary-osteomyelitis-associated-with-autosomal-dominant-osteopetrosis-a-case-report
#16
A Kulyapina, J Verdaguer Martin, C Navarro Cuellar, C Navarro Vila
Osteopetrosis (OP) is a rare metabolic bone disease characterized by a generalized increase in skeletal mass. The disease is characterized by increased susceptibility to develop osteomyelitis of the jaws. We report a case of clinical and radiological progression of bimaxillary osteomyelitis in a patient with autosomal dominant OP. The patient presented non simultaneous osteomyelitis in both upper and lower jaws with time interval of 10 years. The osteomyelitis of maxilla resulted in oroantral fistula formation and required surgical closure with Bichat fat pad flap...
March 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26600313/live-yeasts-enhance-fibre-degradation-in-the-cow-rumen-through-an-increase-in-plant-substrate-colonization-by-fibrolytic-bacteria-and-fungi
#17
F Chaucheyras-Durand, A Ameilbonne, A Bichat, P Mosoni, F Ossa, E Forano
AIMS: To monitor the effect of a live yeast additive on feedstuff colonization by targeted fibrolytic micro-organisms and fibre degradation in the cow rumen. METHODS AND RESULTS: Abundance of adhering fibrolytic bacteria and fungi on feedstuffs incubated in sacco in the cow rumen was quantified by qPCR and neutral detergent fibre (NDF) degradation was measured. Saccharomyces cerevisiae I-1077 (SC) increased the abundance of fibre-associated Fibrobacter succinogenes on wheat bran (WB) and that of Ruminococcus flavefaciens on alfalfa hay (AH) and wheat silage (WS)...
March 2016: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26468848/osteoradionecrosis-of-the-posterior-maxilla-a-new-approach-combining-erbium-yttrium-aluminium-garnet-laser-and-bichat-bulla-flap
#18
Gianluca Porcaro, Ernesto Amosso, Luca Mirabelli, Alberto Busa, Fabrizio Carini, Marcello Maddalone
Osteoradionecrosis (ORN) of the jaw is a complication of radiation therapy for head and neck cancers. We report a case of ORN of the posterior maxilla treated with Er: YAG laser and a pedicled buccal fat pad (bichat bulla adipose) flap. A 69-year-old man presented complaining of pain on left maxilla. He had received high-dose radiotherapy (90 Gy) for squamous cell carcinoma of the left soft palate 2 years earlier. Clinical and radiographic examinations revealed ORN of the left maxillary molar region and maxillary sinusitis...
October 2015: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25810838/closure-of-oroantral-communications-with-bichat%C3%A2-s-buccal-fat-pad-level-of-patient-satisfaction
#19
Rocío Alonso-González, María Peñarrocha-Diago, David Peñarrocha-Oltra, Amparo Aloy-Prósper, Fabio Camacho-Alonso, Miguel Peñarrocha-Diago
PURPOSE: To report the closure of oroantral communications with the pedicled buccal fat pad in a series of patients, and to determine the level of patient satisfaction after the surgery. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study of patients diagnosed of unilateral or bilateral oroantral communication (OAC) closed using the buccal fat pad between May 2012 and January 2013 was performed. Data analysis extended to: age, sex, and cause, location and size of oroantral communication...
February 2015: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25810829/closure-of-oroantral-communication-with-buccal-fat-pad-after-removing-bilateral-failed-zygomatic-implants-a-case-report-and-6-month-follow-up
#20
David Peñarrocha-Oltra, Rocio Alonso-González, Hilario Pellicer-Chover, Amparo Aloy-Prósper, María Peñarrocha-Diago
The aim of this study was to assess the use of buccal fat pad (BFP) technique as an option to close oroantral communications (OAC) after removing failed zygomatic implants in a patient with a severely resorbed maxilla, and to determine the degree of patient satisfaction. A 64-year-old woman presented recurrent sinusitis and permanent oroantral communication caused by bilateral failed zygomatic implants, 3 years after prosthetic loading. Zygomatic implants were removed previous antibiotic treatment and the BFP flap technique was used to treat the OAC and maxillary defect...
February 2015: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
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