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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241370/evolution-of-laparoscopic-liver-surgery-as-standard-procedure-for-hcc-in-cirrhosis
#1
Daniel Seehofer, Robert Sucher, Moritz Schmelzle, Robert Öllinger, Andri Lederer, Timm Denecke, Eckart Schott, Johann Pratschke
Patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in cirrhosis have an increased risk for postoperative complications including liver failure. However, there is some evidence that the use of laparoscopy markedly decreases this risk. Patients Between 2010 - 2015, a total of 21 laparoscopic liver resections were performed for HCC in Child-A cirrhosis at our center. Mean MELD score was 9 (6 - 12), and the mean LiMAx was 261 µg/h/kg (101 - 489). All resections were performed by conventional laparoscopy using 4 - 6 trocars...
February 27, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241263/bridging-knowledge-gaps-to-understand-how-zika-virus-exposure-and-infection-affect-child-development
#2
Bill G Kapogiannis, Nahida Chakhtoura, Rohan Hazra, Catherine Y Spong
Importance: The Zika virus (ZIKV) epidemic has profoundly affected the lives of children and families across the Americas. As the number of children born with ZIKV-related complications continues to grow, the long-term developmental trajectory for these children and the effect on their families remains largely unknown. In September 2016, the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and partner National Institutes of Health institutes convened a workshop to develop a research agenda to improve the evaluation, monitoring, and management of neonates, infants, or children affected by ZIKV and its complications...
February 20, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241057/setting-development-goals-using-stochastic-dynamical-system-models
#3
Shyam Ranganathan, Stamatios C Nicolis, Ranjula Bali Swain, David J T Sumpter
The Millennium Development Goals (MDG) programme was an ambitious attempt to encourage a globalised solution to important but often-overlooked development problems. The programme led to wide-ranging development but it has also been criticised for unrealistic and arbitrary targets. In this paper, we show how country-specific development targets can be set using stochastic, dynamical system models built from historical data. In particular, we show that the MDG target of two-thirds reduction of child mortality from 1990 levels was infeasible for most countries, especially in sub-Saharan Africa...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240649/can-we-identify-parents-who-do-not-verbally-share-concerns-for-their-children-s-development
#4
Matthew Eremita, Eileen Semancik, Trudy Lerer, Paul H Dworkin
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify characteristics of parents who do not voice developmental concerns when prompted by their children's nurse and/or primary care provider (PCP), despite reporting concerns on parent-completed questionnaires. METHODS: We reviewed 376 medical records of children seen for a 9-month well-child visit in an urban pediatric clinic between September 2011 and December 2012 for sociodemographic variables hypothesized to affect parents' sharing of developmental concerns: the child's birth order and gender; parents' education level, employment, relationship status, and primary language; and family size and racial/ethnic background...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240648/association-between-night-awakening-and-child-health-during-the-first-3-years-of-life
#5
Hui-Chin Hsu
OBJECTIVE: Night awakening is a common concern for parents and professionals in early childhood and a risk factor for child growth and development. This study examined the concurrent and longitudinal associations of night awakening with child health and illness during the first 3 years of life. METHODS: Longitudinal data from 1364 infants in the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development were used in this study...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239958/differential-sex-effects-of-systolic-blood-pressure-and-ldl-c-on-type-2-diabetes-life-course-data-from-the-bogalusa-heart-study
#6
Benjamin D Pollock, Wei Chen, Emily W Harville, Tian Shu, Vivian Fonseca, Franck Mauvais-Jarvis, Tanika N Kelly, Lydia A Bazzano
BACKGROUND: There may be sex-specific cardiometabolic mechanisms early in life that affect the development of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) through mid-adulthood. Yet, there have been few studies examining whether early life-course interactions between cardiometabolic risk factors and sex are associated with incident T2DM. METHODS: We followed n = 7,725 children from the Bogalusa Heart Study through mid-adulthood to examine whether low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), body mass index (BMI), or systolic blood pressure (SBP) differentially impact the risk of T2DM for females versus males...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239912/verrucae-planae-within-previous-xenograft-sites-of-burn-wounds
#7
Olivia Chen, Michelle Vernali Pearlstein, Dean S Morrell, Sarah B Corley
Burn injuries are known to compromise host immune defenses through disruption of mucocutaneous barriers and suppression of cell-mediated immune responses, which may render patients with burn injuries susceptible to viral infections in the days to years after an initial insult. We report a case of verrucae planae developing as a secondary condition confined to former xenograft sites in a child, appearing more than 3.5 years after initial second-degree burn injuries. Only a few reports have previously described the development of verrucae in former burn sites, with most reporting latency to onset of verrucae appearance of months rather than years...
February 27, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239531/brain-structure-working-memory-and-response-inhibition-in-childhood-leukemia-survivors
#8
Ellen van der Plas, Russell J Schachar, Johann Hitzler, Jennifer Crosbie, Sharon L Guger, Brenda J Spiegler, Shinya Ito, Brian J Nieman
INTRODUCTION: Survival rates for children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) approach 95%. At the same time, there is growing concern that chemotherapy causes alterations in brain development and cognitive abilities. We performed MRI measurements of white and gray matter volume to explore how variation in brain structure may be related to cognitive abilities in ALL survivors and healthy controls. METHODS: The sample included 24 male ALL survivors who had completed contemporary treatment 3-11 years prior, and 21 age- and sex-matched controls...
February 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238719/the-contribution-of-poor-and-rural-populations-to-national-trends-in-reproductive-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-coverage-analyses-of-cross-sectional-surveys-from-64-countries
#9
Cesar G Victora, Aluisio J D Barros, Giovanny V A França, Inácio C M da Silva, Liliana Carvajal-Velez, Agbessi Amouzou
BACKGROUND: Coverage levels for essential interventions aimed at reducing deaths of mothers and children are increasing steadily in most low-income and middle-income countries. We assessed how much poor and rural populations in these countries are benefiting from national-level progress. METHODS: We analysed trends in a composite coverage indicator (CCI) based on eight reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health interventions in 209 national surveys in 64 countries, from Jan 1, 1994, to Dec 31, 2014...
February 23, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238610/improving-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-schools-in-indonesia-a-cross-sectional-assessment-on-sustaining-infrastructural-and-behavioral-interventions
#10
Andrew J Karon, Aidan A Cronin, Ryan Cronk, Reza Hendrawan
Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) in schools are important for child health, development, and educational performance; yet coverage in Indonesian schools remains low. To address this deficiency, UNICEF and partners conducted a WASH intervention in 450 schools across three provinces in Indonesia. A survey evaluating the sustainability of infrastructure and behavioral interventions in comparison to control districts was conducted one year after completion of the intervention. The survey data were also compared with national government data to assess the suitability of government data to report progress on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)...
February 12, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238404/knowledge-of-asthma-and-anaphylaxis-among-teachers-in-spanish-schools
#11
J C Juliá-Benito, M Escarrer-Jaume, M T Guerra-Pérez, J Contreras-Porta, E Tauler-Toro, A Madroñero-Tentor, J C Cerdá-Mir
INTRODUCTION: Allergic diseases affect 15-20% of the paediatric population in the industrialised world. Most educational centres in Spain do not have health professionals among their staff, and the teachers are in charge of child care in school. The advisability of specific training of the teaching staff should be considered, with the introduction of concrete intervention plans in the event of life-threatening emergencies in schools. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Evaluation of the training needs constitutes the first step in planning an educational project...
February 18, 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237960/feasibility-and-effect-of-home-based-therapy-programmes-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#12
L W M E Beckers, M L A P Schnackers, Y J Janssen-Potten, J Kleijnen, B Steenbergen
INTRODUCTION: Given the promising advantages of upper extremity home-based programmes in children with cerebral palsy (CP), a systematic review of the available literature on this topic is warranted. The purpose of the systematic review described in this protocol is to investigate currently available home-based occupational therapy and physiotherapy programmes regarding both their feasibility and effect. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This protocol describes a systematic review, developed in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols (PRISMA-P) 2015...
February 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237885/assessment-of-tobacco-alcohol-and-cannabinoid-metabolites-in-645-meconium-samples-of-newborns-compared-to-maternal-self-reports
#13
Sandrine Lamy, Benjamin Hennart, Estelle Houivet, Sylvain Dulaurent, Heloise Delavenne, Jacques Benichou, Delphine Allorge, Stéphane Marret, Florence Thibaut
Prenatal psychoactive substance exposure has significant impact on neonatal health and child development and the development of reliable biomarkers is critical. Meconium presents several advantages for detecting prenatal exposure to psychoactive substances, as it is easy to collect and provides a broad time frame of exposure (third trimester). The aim of our study was to compare the prevalence of alcohol, tobacco and/or cannabis use during the third trimester of pregnancy (using maternal self-reports) with the results of meconium testing of their metabolites in newborns (cotinine, ethyl-glucuronide (EtG) and cannabinoid metabolites)...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237191/child-sexual-abuse-and-exploitation-a-global-glimpse
#14
Howard Dubowitz
The view of what constitutes child abuse and neglect is dependent on the laws, cultural context, local thresholds and the availability. Since 1982, the International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (ISPCAN) has conducted surveillance of child maltreatment and child protection every two years, published in World Perspectives on Child Abuse. It is hoped that up to date information will inform the development of laws, policies and programs to better address child abuse and neglect. This article is based on data on child sexual abuse and exploitation from 73 countries gathered online in 2015-16 for the 12 edition of World Perspectives...
February 22, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237005/pediatric-epilepsy-neurology-functional-imaging-and-neurosurgery
#15
REVIEW
James M Mountz, Christina M Patterson, Mandeep S Tamber
In this chapter we provide a comprehensive review of the current role that functional imaging can have in the care of the pediatric epilepsy patient from the perspective of the epilepsy neurologist and the epilepsy neurosurgeon. In the neurology section, the diagnosis and classification of epilepsy adapted by the International League Against Epilepsy as well as the etiology and incidence of the disease is presented. The neuroimaging section describes how advanced nuclear medicine imaging methods can be synergized to provide a maximum opportunity to localize an epileptogenic focus...
March 2017: Seminars in Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236729/parental-stress-pediatric-quality-of-life-and-behavior-at-baseline-and-one-year-follow-up-results-from-the-febstat-study
#16
Ruth C Shinnar, Shlomo Shinnar, Dale C Hesdorffer, Kathryn O'Hara, Terrie Conklin, Karen Mohler Cornett, Diana Miazga, Shumei Sun
: Febrile status epilepticus is a serious and frightening event in the life of the child and parent. It is regarded as a medical emergency with potential long lasting consequences. The purpose of this study was to look at the immediate and long term effects of such an event on parental stress and parents' perception of their child's physical and psychosocial wellbeing. METHODS: From 2003 to 2010, 199 subjects, age 1 month to 5 years, were recruited as part of a prospective, multicenter study (FEBSTAT) of consequences of febrile status epilepticus (FSE)...
February 22, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236651/intravenous-fluid-rate-for-reduction-of-cesarean-delivery-rate-in-nulliparous-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Robert M Ehsanipoor, Gabriele Saccone, Neil S Seligman, Rebecca Pierce-Williams, Andrea Ciardulli, Vincenzo Berghella
The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, and Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine have emphasized the need to promote vaginal delivery and have offered recommendations to safely prevent primary cesarean delivery. However, there has been limited discussion regarding management of intravenous fluids and other aspects of labor management that may influence labor. Therefore the aim of our study was to determine if an intravenous fluid rate of 250 vs 125 mL/hour is associated with a difference in cesarean delivery rate MATERIAL AND METHODS: Searches were performed in Medline, OVID, Scopus, ClinicalTrials...
February 25, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236160/asd-traits-among-youth-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#18
Donna L Griffiths, Lara J Farrell, Allison M Waters, Susan W White
Research has shown high rates of comorbid psychiatric disorders among samples of youth with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) (Farrell et al., Psychiatry Res 199(2):115-123, 2012; Lewin et al., Psychiatry Res 178(2):317-322, 2010; POTS Team, J Am Med Assoc 292(16):1969-1976, 2004). Autism and autistic traits co-occur at high rates within clinical samples of youth with OCD (Ivarsson and Melin in J Anxiety Disord 22(6):969-978, 2008; Stewart et al. in Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 1-9, 2016). This study extends the literature by examining the relationship between ASD traits, family accommodation, and functional impairment in a sample of youth with OCD across a wide age range (n = 80; aged 7-17 years)...
February 24, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236157/toward-creating-synergy-among-policy-procedures-and-implementation-of-evidence-based-models-in-child-welfare-systems-two-case-examples
#19
REVIEW
Patricia Chamberlain
Over the past four to five decades, multiple randomized controlled trials have verified that preventive interventions targeting key parenting skills can have far-reaching effects on improving a diverse array of child outcomes. Further, these studies have shown that parenting skills can be taught, and they are malleable. Given these advances, prevention scientists are in a position to make solid empirically based recommendations to public child service systems on using parent-mediated interventions to optimize positive outcomes for the children and families that they serve...
February 24, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236100/brief-report-what-drives-parental-concerns-about-their-18-month-olds-at-familial-risk-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Elizabeth A Karp, Lisa V Ibañez, Zachary Warren, Wendy L Stone
Parent-reported developmental concerns can be a first step toward further screening and intervention for children at risk for ASD. However, little is known about the extent to which parental well-being and child behavior contribute to parental concerns, especially in families who already have one child with ASD. This study included 54 parents and their 18-month-old high-risk toddlers to examine the extent to which parents' well-being (i.e., parenting stress and self-efficacy), and children's behavior (i.e., expressive language and social communication) contribute to parents' concerns regarding their toddler's development...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
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