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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475073/development-and-preliminary-validation-of-the-parenting-around-snacking-questionnaire-p-snaq
#1
K K Davison, C E Blake, A Kachurak, J C Lumeng, D L Coffman, A L Miller, S O Hughes, T G Power, A F Vaughn, R E Blaine, N Younginer, J O Fisher
Snacking makes significant contributions to children's dietary intake but is poorly understood from a parenting perspective. This research was designed to develop and evaluate the psychometrics of a theoretically grounded, empirically-informed measure of snack parenting. The Parenting around SNAcking Questionnaire (P-SNAQ) was developed using a conceptual model derived from current theory and mixed-methods research to include 20 hypothesized snack parenting practices along 4 parenting dimensions (autonomy support, structure, coercive control and permissiveness)...
February 20, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475058/using-intervention-mapping-for-child-development-and-wellbeing-programs-in-early-childhood-education-and-care-settings
#2
Amanda O'Connor, Claire Blewitt, Andrea Nolan, Helen Skouteris
Supporting children's social and emotional learning benefits all elements of children's development and has been associated with positive mental health and wellbeing, development of values and life skills. However, literature relating to the creation of interventions designed for use within the early childhood education and care settings to support children's social and emotional skills and learning is lacking. Intervention Mapping (IM) is a systematic intervention development framework, utilising principles centred on participatory co-design methods, multiple theoretical approaches and existing literature to enable effective decision-making during the development process...
February 14, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474896/flexible-and-precise-dosing-of-enalapril-maleate-for-all-paediatric-age-groups-utilizing-orodispersible-minitablets
#3
Yasmin Thabet, Jennifer Walsh, Joerg Breitkreutz
Enalapril is an off-patent angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor for which no paediatric age-appropriate formulation is commercially available in Europe, and enalapril maleate (EM) orodispersible minitablets (ODMTs) have previously been formulated within the LENA (labelling enalapril from neonates to adolescents) project. In this study, a dilution method has been developed by dispersing the lowest dose strength ODMTs to enable flexible and precise EM dosing during the dose titration phase of the therapy. Furthermore, the physicochemical stability of the ODMTs has been investigated in child-friendly beverages and the administration of ODMTs via nasogastric tubes (NGT) of different sizes and materials has been evaluated...
February 20, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474550/developmental-plasticity-and-its-relevance-to-assisted-human-reproduction
#4
Tessa J Roseboom
The advent of assisted reproduction has allowed the conception of millions of individuals who otherwise would not have existed. Although most ART children are born healthy, there is increasing awareness of the plasticity of the human embryo causing concerns about potential long-term consequences of ART for the growth, development and health of this growing population of individuals. Evidence from studies in animals and humans suggest that physiology and metabolism may be permanently affected by ART. It suggests that ART children may be at increased risk of later cardiometabolic diseases...
February 21, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474479/exclusive-breastfeeding-promotion-and-neuropsychological-outcomes-in-5-8-year-old-children-from-uganda-and-burkina-faso-results-from-the-promise-ebf-cluster-randomized-trial
#5
James K Tumwine, Victoria Nankabirwa, Hama Abdoulaye Diallo, Ingunn Marie Stadskleiv Engebretsen, Grace Ndeezi, Paul Bangirana, Anselme Simeon Sanou, Espérance Kashala-Abotnes, Michael Boivin, Bruno Giordani, Irene Bircow Elgen, Penny Holding, Angelina Kakooza-Mwesige, Vilde Skylstad, Joyce Nalugya, Thorkild Tylleskar, Nicolas Meda
BACKGROUND: The beneficial effects from exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) have been widely acknowledged. We assessed the effect of exclusive breastfeeding promotion by peer counsellors in Uganda and Burkina Faso, on cognitive abilities, social emotional development, school performance and linear growth among 5-8 years old children. METHODS: Children in the PROMISE EBF trial (2006-2008) were re-enrolled in the follow-up PROMISE Saving Brains (SB) study (2013-2015). Caretaker interviews captured sociodemographic characteristics and social emotional development using the parent version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474425/the-existence-of-parenting-styles-in-the-owner-dog-relationship
#6
Ineke R van Herwijnen, Joanne A M van der Borg, Marc Naguib, Bonne Beerda
Parents interact with children following specific styles, known to influence child development. These styles represent variations in the dimensions of demandingness and responsiveness, resulting in authoritarian, authoritative, permissive or uninvolved parenting. Given the similarities in the parent to child and owner to dog relationships, we determined the extent to which parenting styles exist in the owner to dog relationship using the existing Parenting Styles and Dimensions Questionnaire for the parent-child relationship and an adapted version for dog owners...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474274/an-environmental-influences-on-child-health-outcomes-viewpoint-of-data-analysis-centers-for-collaborative-study-designs
#7
Lisa P Jacobson, Bryan Lau, Diane Catellier, Corette B Parker
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A highly complex collaborative study design that pools and extends existing studies, such as the Environmental influences on Child Health Outcomes (ECHO) Program, requires a Data Analysis Center (DAC) with resources and expertise to create a secure environment for housing and analyzing the shared data, harmonize and structure the shared data for different purposes, and apply appropriate and innovative designs and analytic methods. The DAC, in partnership with cohort investigators, must ensure that results from ECHO-wide cohort analyses are appropriately interpreted and reproducible...
February 21, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474107/a-systematic-review-of-tools-to-measure-respiratory-rate-to-identify-childhood-pneumonia
#8
Amy Sarah Ginsburg, Jennifer L Lenahan, Rasa Izadnegahdar, J Mark Ansermino
Pneumonia is the leading infectious cause of death in children worldwide, with most deaths occurring in developing countries. Measuring respiratory rate is critical to the World Health Organization's guidelines for diagnosing childhood pneumonia in low-resource settings, yet it is difficult to accurately measure. We conducted a systematic review to landscape existing respiratory rate measurement technologies. We searched Pubmed, Embase, and Compendex for studies published through September 2017 assessing the accuracy of respiratory rate measurement technologies in children...
February 23, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473880/assessment-and-treatment-of-pediatric-sleep-problems-knowledge-skills-attitudes-and-practices-in-a-group-of-community-child-psychiatrists
#9
Ali Anwar, Michael D Yingling, Alicia Zhang, Ujjwal Ramtekkar, Ginger E Nicol
As part of a university-based quality improvement project, we aimed to evaluate child psychiatrists' knowledge, skills, attitudes, and practices regarding assessment and treatment of pediatric sleep problems. We developed a nine-question survey of knowledge, skills, attitudes, and practices regarding assessing for and treating sleep complaints in pediatric patients, and administered this survey to child psychiatrists in training and in practice in the state of Missouri. Respondents reported sleep hygiene as the first-line treatment strategy, followed by the use of supplements or over-the-counter remedies...
February 23, 2018: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473646/research-review-intergenerational-transmission-of-disadvantage-epigenetics-and-parents-childhoods-as-the-first-exposure
#10
Pamela Scorza, Cristiane S Duarte, Alison E Hipwell, Jonathan Posner, Ana Ortin, Glorisa Canino, Catherine Monk
BACKGROUND: For decades, economists and sociologists have documented intergenerational transmission of socioeconomic disadvantage, demonstrating that economic, political, and social factors contribute to 'inherited hardship'. Drawing on biological factors, the developmental origins of adult health and disease model posits that fetal exposure to maternal prenatal distress associated with socioeconomic disadvantage compromises offspring's neurodevelopment, affecting short- and long-term physical and mental health, and thereby psychosocial standing and resources...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473440/goal-setting-in-paediatric-rehabilitation-for-children-with-motor-disabilities-a-scoping-review
#11
Lesley Pritchard-Wiart, Shanon K Phelan
OBJECTIVES: The three objectives of this scoping review were to (1) identify key conceptual/theoretical frameworks and the extent to which they are used to inform goal setting related to rehabilitation goal setting with children with motor disabilities, (2) describe research that has evaluated goal setting processes and outcomes, and (3) summarize the purposes of goal setting described in paediatric rehabilitation literature. METHODS: The scoping review process described by Arksey and O'Malley was used to guide article selection and data extraction...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472984/factors-influencing-prospective-mother-with-prenatal-qualified-doctor-care-among-the-reproductive-women-in-bangladesh
#12
Humayun Kiser, Tasmina Nasrin
Maternal and child mortality are the key indicators of health and development of the country. Maternal and child health are interconnected to prenatal care. Consulting a doctor at the prenatal stage will not only ensure mother's and her unborn babies' safety, but also has a great influence to reduce the maternal and infant mortality. In this paper, an attempt has been made to analyze the status of prenatal care provided by the qualified doctor among pregnant mothers in Bangladesh. Data and required information of 8793 reproductive women were collected from the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS) 2014...
December 2018: Health Information Science and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472949/the-relationship-between-motor-imitation-and-early-social-communication-skills-in-children-with-autism
#13
Hooshang Dadgar, Javad Alaghband Rad, Zahra Soleymani, Anahita Khorammi, Joe McCleery, Saman Maroufizadeh
Objective: Development of early social skills in children is a complex process. To understand this process, it is important to assess how strengths or weaknesses in other developmental domains may be affected by these skills. The present study aimed at investigating the association of motor skills and imitation ability with early social communication skills in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Method: In this study, 20 children with ASD aged 3 to 5 years (M = 4.05, SD = 0.55) participated. All children were diagnosed as ASD based on the DSM-V criteria by an independent child psychiatrist...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472892/maternal-and-cord-blood-vitamin-d-status-and-anthropometric-measurements-in-term-newborns-at-birth
#14
Regina Wierzejska, Mirosław Jarosz, Magdalena Klemińska-Nowak, Marta Tomaszewska, Włodzimierz Sawicki, Michał Bachanek, Magdalena Siuba-Strzelińska
Introduction: Vitamin D deficiency in pregnant women may result in reduced neonatal development due to the fact that systemic vitamin D status during fetal life depends on maternal concentrations. Some authors reported significant differences in neonatal anthropometric measurements depending on maternal vitamin D concentrations. Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between maternal and cord blood concentrations of vitamin D and neonatal anthropometric measurements at birth...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472872/pharmacoresistant-severe-mental-health-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-functional-abnormalities-of-cytochrome-p450-2d6
#15
Susanne Thümmler, Emmanuelle Dor, Renaud David, Graziella Leali, Michele Battista, Alexia David, Florence Askenazy, Céline Verstuyft
Background: Severe mental health disorders in children and adolescents represent a major public health problem. Despite adequate drug treatment, some patients develop pharmacoresistant disease. As a consequence, physicians are confronted with prescribing challenges, prolonged hospitalization and increased risk of adverse events, thus aggravating short-, medium-, and long-term prognosis. The majority of psychotropic treatments, particularly antipsychotics and antidepressants, are metabolized at hepatic level by cytochrome P450 (CYP), particularly by CYP3A4 and CYP2D6...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472491/child-health-outcomes-after-presumptive-infection-treatment-in-pregnant-women-a-randomized-trial
#16
Lotta Hallamaa, Yin Bun Cheung, Kenneth Maleta, Mari Luntamo, Ulla Ashorn, Melissa Gladstone, Teija Kulmala, Charles Mangani, Per Ashorn
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We showed earlier that presumptive infection treatment in pregnancy reduced the prevalence of neonatal stunting in a rural low-income setting. In this article, we assess how these gains were sustained and reflected in childhood growth, development, and mortality. METHODS: We enrolled 1320 pregnant Malawian women in a randomized trial and treated them for malaria and other infections with either 2 doses of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) (control), monthly SP, or monthly sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine and 2 doses of azithromycin (AZI-SP)...
February 22, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471551/bilateral-striatal-necrosis-after-sydenham-s-chorea-in-a-7-year-old-boy-a-2-year-follow-up
#17
C Canavese, C Davico, M Casabianca, C Olivieri, S Mancini, G Migliore, A Versace, A Tocchet, B Vitiello
Child bilateral striatal necrosis (BSN) is a rare and etiologically heterogeneous condition. An association with group A streptococcus (GAS) infection was previously reported in two cases of BSN in infancy and early childhood. We here report on a 7-year-old boy who developed chorea and dystonia 20 days after symptomatic recovery from Sydenham's chorea. Repeated brain magnetic resonance imaging scans, obtained before, soon after the onset of the post-Sydenham symptoms, and 1 year later were consistent with an evolution from bilateral striatal microbleeding to necrosis, and consequently reduced basal ganglia volume and enlargement of the frontal horns...
February 22, 2018: Neuropediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471471/cohort-profile-maternal-mental-health-and-child-development-in-situations-of-past-violent-conflict-and-ongoing-adversity-the-dili-birth-cohort-study
#18
W A Tol, S J Rees, A K Tay, N Tam, A da Costa Saldanha Segurado, Z M da Costa, E S da Costa Soares, A da Costa Alves, N Martins, D M Silove
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471378/communicative-function-use-of-preschoolers-and-mothers-from-differing-racial-and-socioeconomic-groups
#19
Danai Kasambira Fannin, Oscar A Barbarin, Elizabeth R Crais
Purpose: This study explores whether communicative function (CF: reasons for communicating) use differs by socioeconomic status (SES), race/ethnicity, or gender among preschoolers and their mothers. Method: Mother-preschooler dyads (N = 95) from the National Center for Early Development and Learning's (2005) study of family and social environments were observed during 1 structured learning and free-play interaction. CFs were coded by trained independent raters. Results: Children used all CFs at similar rates, but those from low SES homes produced fewer utterances and less reasoning, whereas boys used less self-maintaining and more predicting...
February 22, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471178/a-role-for-epistemic-trust-in-speech-language-pathology-a-tutorial-paper
#20
Angela Clarke, Pamela J Meredith, Tanya A Rose, Michael Daubney
This paper provides an introduction to epistemic trust for speech-language pathologists (SLPs). 'Epistemic trust' describes a specific form of trust that an individual places in others when learning about the world, particularly the social world. To date, the relevance of epistemic trust to SLP clinical practice has received little theoretical or empirical attention. The aim of this paper is to define epistemic trust and explain its relationship with parent-child attachment and mentalization which have, in turn, been linked with language development and use...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
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