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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916316/a-proposed-nursing-theory-infant-sleep-and-development
#1
Elizabeth M Keys, Karen M Benzies
Although well positioned to work with families of young children, nurses do not yet have a theory that guides practice and research by relating infant sleep to child and family development. The authors of this paper describe a proposed theory that combines Bronfenbrenner's bioecological theory of human development with the Barnard model of parent-child interaction to inform nursing practice and research related to infant sleep and optimizing child and family development. The theory focuses on sustainability of change in family processes and infant sleep, with a goal of optimizing family wellness as the proximal environment for child development...
July 2018: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915921/pharmacokinetics-of-hiv-integrase-inhibitors-during-pregnancy-mechanisms-clinical-implications-and-knowledge-gaps
#2
REVIEW
Ruben van der Galiën, Rob Ter Heine, Rick Greupink, Stein J Schalkwijk, Antonius E van Herwaarden, Angela Colbers, David M Burger
Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV and optimal maternal treatment are the most important goals of antiretroviral therapy in pregnant women with HIV. These goals may be at risk due to possible reduced exposure during pregnancy caused by physiological changes. Limited information is available on the impact of these physiological changes. This is especially true for HIV-integrase inhibitors, a relatively new class of drugs, recommended first-line agents and hence used by a large proportion of HIV-infected patients...
June 19, 2018: Clinical Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915901/community-level-social-capital-parental-psychological-distress-and-child-physical-abuse-a-multilevel-mediation-analysis
#3
Nobutoshi Nawa, Aya Isumi, Takeo Fujiwara
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between community-level social capital and physical abuse towards children, and the mediating effect of parental psychological distress by multilevel mediation analyses. METHODS: We analyzed data from a population-based study of first-grade elementary school children (6-7 years old) in Adachi City, Tokyo, Japan. The caregivers of first-grade students from all elementary schools in Adachi City (N = 5355) were asked to respond to a questionnaire assessing parents' self-reported physical abuse (beating and hitting) and neighborhood social capital...
June 18, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915742/prevalence-and-determinants-of-undernutrition-among-children-under-5-year-old-in-rural-areas-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-north-sudan
#4
Amel Abdalrhim Sulaiman, Sarra O Bushara, Wadie M Elmadhoun, Sufian K Noor, Mutaz Abdelkarim, Ilham Nasr Aldeen, Meissa M Osman, Ahmed O Almobarak, Heitham Awadalla, Mohamed H Ahmed
Background: Child malnutrition is a major public health problem in developing countries. Therefore, the aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of undernutrition among children <5 years in River Nile state (RNS) in North Sudan. Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional household survey was done in four localities in RNS. Using Multistage Cluster sampling, 1635 under 5 years' children had participated. Pretested questionnaire and anthropometric measures were used during data collection...
January 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915732/prevalent-infant-feeding-practices-among-the-mothers-presenting-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-garhwal-himalayan-region-uttarakhand-india
#5
Vyas Kumar Rathaur, Monika Pathania, Charu Pannu, Anand Jain, Minakshi Dhar, Nitish Pathania, Rahul Goel
Introduction: There is paucity of studies on infant feeding practices from the rural areas of garhwal Himalayas of the state of uttarakhand. The present study was designed to assess the infant feeding practices in Garhwal region. Infant feeding practices have significant implications on a child's health. Early nutritional status especially during the first year of life has been shown to have a significant effect on child health and development. Optimal infant feeding practices are crucial for nutritional status, growth, development, health, and ultimately the survival of infants and young children...
January 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915670/early-changes-in-intervention-coverage-and-mortality-rates-following-the-implementation-of-an-integrated-health-system-intervention-in-madagascar
#6
Andres Garchitorena, Ann C Miller, Laura F Cordier, Victor R Rabeza, Marius Randriamanambintsoa, Hery-Tiana R Razanadrakato, Lara Hall, Djordje Gikic, Justin Haruna, Meg McCarty, Andriamihaja Randrianambinina, Dana R Thomson, Sidney Atwood, Michael L Rich, Megan B Murray, Josea Ratsirarson, Mohammed Ali Ouenzar, Matthew H Bonds
Introduction: The Sustainable Development Goals framed an unprecedented commitment to achieve global convergence in child and maternal mortality rates through 2030. To meet those targets, essential health services must be scaled via integration with strengthened health systems. This is especially urgent in Madagascar, the country with the lowest level of financing for health in the world. Here, we present an interim evaluation of the first 2 years of a district-level health system strengthening (HSS) initiative in rural Madagascar, using estimates of intervention coverage and mortality rates from a district-wide longitudinal cohort...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915516/accuracy-of-retrospective-reports-of-family-environment
#7
David C Bell, Linda G Bell
Retrospective reports of family environments are often the only way to collect data concerning the influence of a child's experience in the family on later development. However, the accuracy of retrospective measures can be problematic because of social desirability or potential failures of memory. The purpose of this study is to compare retrospective and prospective measures of family environment. In this unique study, 198 parents and 241 adolescent children (mean age 15.7) described their family environment, and then 25 years later completed retrospective reports...
April 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915441/dengue-fever-during-pregnancy
#8
Trinh Tien Dat, Tomomi Kotani, Eiko Yamamoto, Kiyosumi Shibata, Yoshinori Moriyama, Hiroyuki Tsuda, Mamoru Yamashita, Hiroaki Kajiyama, Dien Duc Thien Minh, Le Quang Thanh, Fumitaka Kikkawa
Dengue fever during pregnancy is an expanding issue in Southeast Asia; however, the knowledge of adverse effects on mothers and neonates remains limited. Therefore, we aimed to determine the impact of dengue fever. The clinical information of 20 patients of dengue fever during pregnancy in Vietnam from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2015 was collected and their outcomes were retrospectively investigated. A total of 18 patients (90%) presented with positivity of nonstructural protein 1, and a primary infection...
May 2018: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914907/beliefs-of-a-traditional-rural-indian-family-towards-naturalistic-and-faith-healing-for-treating-epilepsy-a-case-study
#9
Sudip Bhattacharya, Amarjeet Singh
In this case study, we describe our experiences with a rural poor family from north India that initially contacted faith healers for treatment of their child who was having symptoms suggestive of epilepsy, but the seizures continued even after this. The family migrated to a city, where they started allopathic treatment, but eventually they had to discontinue it as there was no apparent relief. Again, they went back to their native village and restarted the treatment from the faith healer.This case study highlights the fact that in spite of the significant development of medical science, many questions pertaining to epilepsy treatment are still unanswered...
June 17, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914583/-a-little-bit-offended-and-slightly-patronised-parents-experiences-of-national-child-measurement-programme-feedback
#10
Alexa Gainsbury, Sally Dowling
OBJECTIVE: To develop a descriptive account of parents' experiences of written feedback from the National Child Measurement Programme (NCMP), based on primary data collected from semi-structured focus groups. DESIGN: Four focus groups were held with a purposive sample of parents who had recently received written weight feedback from the NCMP in one local authority in England. Thematic data analysis was undertaken to develop a narrative of emergent themes regarding parents' experiences and the social influences shaping this...
June 19, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914493/perceptions-and-experiences-related-to-health-and-health-inequality-among-rural-communities-in-jimma-zone-ethiopia-a-rapid-qualitative-assessment
#11
Nicole Bergen, Abebe Mamo, Shifera Asfaw, Lakew Abebe, Jaameeta Kurji, Getachew Kiros, Muluemebet Abera, Gebeyehu Bulcha Duguma, Kunuz Haji Bedru, Manisha A Kulkarni, Ronald Labonté, Sudhakar Morankar
BACKGROUND: The Safe Motherhood Research Project studies the implementation and scale-up of maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) initiatives in Jimma Zone, Ethiopia. This qualitative rapid assessment study was undertaken to explore community perceptions and experiences related to health, health inequality and other MNCH themes. METHODS: We conducted 12 focus group discussions and 24 in-depth interviews with community stakeholder groups (female and male community members, Health Extension Workers, members of the Women Development Army and Male Development Army, and religious leaders) across six rural sites in Jimma Zone...
June 18, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914455/clustering-and-correlates-of-screen-time-and-eating-behaviours-among-young-children
#12
Natalie Pearson, Stuart J H Biddle, Paula Griffiths, Julie P Johnston, Emma Haycraft
BACKGROUND: Screen-time and unhealthy dietary behaviours are highly pervasive in young children and evidence suggests that these behaviours often co-occur and are associated. Identifying clusters of unhealthy behaviours, and their influences early in childhood, can assist in the development of targeted preventive interventions. The purpose of this study was to examine the sociodemographic, behavioural, and home physical environmental correlates of co-occurring screen-time and unhealthy eating behaviours and to assess the clustering of screen-time and unhealthy dietary behaviours in young children...
June 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914349/social-skills-in-children-with-rasopathies-a-comparison-of-noonan-syndrome-and-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#13
Elizabeth I Pierpont, Rebekah L Hudock, Allison M Foy, Margaret Semrud-Clikeman, Mary Ella Pierpont, Susan A Berry, Ryan Shanley, Nathan Rubin, Katherine Sommer, Christopher L Moertel
BACKGROUND: Gene mutations within the RAS-MAPK signaling cascade result in Noonan syndrome (NS), neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), and related disorders. Recent research has documented an increased risk for social difficulties and features of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) among children with these conditions. Despite this emerging evidence, the neuropsychological characteristics associated with social skills deficits are not well understood, particularly for children with NS. METHODS: Parents of children with NS (n = 39), NF1 (n = 39), and unaffected siblings (n = 32) between the ages of 8 and 16 years were administered well-validated caregiver questionnaires assessing their child's social skills, language abilities, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and anxiety...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914308/il-28b-rs12979860-polymorphism-affect-the-course-of-chronic-hepatitis-and-the-development-of-hcc-in-egyptian-patients-with-hepatitis-c-type-4
#14
A M Attallah, D Omran, M S Marie, M A Abdelrazek, A Salama, R El Essawey, L Mobarak, S Maklad, A Omar
BACKGROUND: A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the interleukin 28B (IL28B) gene may alter the trajectory of hepatitis C virus (HCV) chronic infection. Several studies have sought to determine a link between the IL28B rs12979860 SNP and the development of HCV-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but with variable results, consensus is awaited. We hypothesised that IL28B rs12979860 SNP is linked to HCC in patients with HCV type 4. METHODS: IL28B genotyping of 300 patients with HCV related fibrosis (n=100), cirrhosis (n=100) and HCC (n=100) was carried out and the results were analyzed to determine the association between the IL28B genotype and clinical outcome...
June 19, 2018: British Journal of Biomedical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913112/differences-in-care-provided-to-children-with-behavioral-and-emotional-problems-in-a-delineated-region-by-using-the-taxonomy-of-care-for-youth-tocfy
#15
Els Evenboer, Anne-Marie Huyghen, Jolanda Tuinstra, Erik Knorth, Sijmen A Reijneveld
Behavioral and emotional problems can lead to severe restrictions in the functioning of children and to an impaired development. The types of support for children vary greatly between care providers. The aim of this study is to apply the Taxonomy of Care for Youth (TOCFY) and to make an inventory of the core elements and program elements of the various types of support for children with behavioral and emotional problems that were offered overall and per main types of providers in a delineated region. We assessed the types of support to children (N = 621) by applying TOCFY...
June 18, 2018: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913088/development-of-therapist-adherence-in-relation-to-treatment-outcomes-of-adolescents-with-behavioral-problems
#16
Aurelie M C Lange, Rachel E A van der Rijken, Marc J M H Delsing, Jan J V Busschbach, Ron H J Scholte
Therapist adherence to the treatment manual is assumed to be crucial for adequate implementation and subsequent achievement of the intended, positive treatment outcomes. Although adherence has been mostly studied as a static factor, recent studies suggest that adherence might be dynamic and changes over time. We investigated how parent-perceived adherence to the multisystemic therapy (MST) model develops during treatment and how this development is related to treatment outcomes up to 18 months posttreatment, controlling for the effect of alliance...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912960/understanding-women-s-uptake-and-adherence-in-option-b-for-prevention-of-mother-to-child-hiv-transmission-in-papua-indonesia-a-qualitative-study
#17
Christina Lumbantoruan, Michelle Kermode, Aloisius Giyai, Agnes Ang, Margaret Kelaher
BACKGROUND: Despite a more proactive approach to reducing new HIV infections in infants through lifelong treatment (Option B+ policy) for infected pregnant women, prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) has not been fully effective in Papua, Indonesia. Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) is the second greatest risk factor for HIV infection in the community, and an elimination target of <1% MTCT has not yet been achieved. The purpose of this study was to improve understanding of the implementation of Option B+ for PMTCT in Papua through investigation of facilitators and barriers to women's uptake and adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) in the program...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912571/effect-of-a-home-based-lifestyle-intervention-on-breastfeeding-initiation-among-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-african-american-women-with-overweight-or-obesity
#18
Adam K Lewkowitz, Julia D López, Richard I Stein, Janine S Rhoades, Rosa C Schulz, Candice L Woolfolk, George A Macones, Debra Haire-Joshu, Alison G Cahill
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomically disadvantaged (SED) African American women with overweight or obesity are less likely to breastfeed. OBJECTIVE: To test whether a home-based lifestyle intervention impacts breastfeeding initiation rates in SED African American women with overweight or obesity. STUDY DESIGN: This was a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial from October 2012 to March 2016 at a university-based hospital within the LIFE-Moms consortium...
June 18, 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911876/childhood-self-regulation-as-a-mechanism-through-which-early-overcontrolling-parenting-is-associated-with-adjustment-in-preadolescence
#19
Nicole B Perry, Jessica M Dollar, Susan D Calkins, Susan P Keane, Lilly Shanahan
We examined longitudinal associations across an 8-year time span between overcontrolling parenting during toddlerhood, self-regulation during early childhood, and social, emotional, and academic adjustment in preadolescence (N = 422). Overcontrolling parenting, emotion regulation (ER), and inhibitory control (IC) were observed in the laboratory; preadolescent adjustment was teacher-reported and child self-reported. Results from path analysis indicated that overcontrolling parenting at age 2 was associated negatively with ER and IC at age 5, which, in turn, were associated with more child-reported emotional and school problems, fewer teacher-reported social skills, and less teacher-reported academic productivity at age 10...
June 18, 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911521/integrated-perinatal-mental-health-care-a-national-model-of-perinatal-primary-care-in-vulnerable-populations
#20
Kimberly C Lomonaco-Haycraft, Jennifer Hyer, Britney Tibbits, Jennifer Grote, Kelly Stainback-Tracy, Claire Ulrickson, Alison Lieberman, Lies van Bekkum, M Camille Hoffman
IntroductionPerinatal mood and anxiety disorders (PMADs) are the most common complication of pregnancy and have been found to have long-term implications for both mother and child. In vulnerable patient populations such as those served at Denver Health, a federally qualified health center the prevalence of PMADs is nearly double the nationally reported rate of 15-20%. Nearly 17% of women will be diagnosed with major depression at some point in their lives and those numbers are twice as high in women who live in poverty...
June 18, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
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