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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036894/how-can-data-drive-policy-and-practice-in-child-welfare-making-the-link-in-canada
#1
Barbara Fallon, Joanne Filippelli, Tara Black, Nico Trocmé, Tonino Esposito
Formal university-child welfare partnerships offer a unique opportunity to begin to fill the gaps in the child welfare knowledge base and link child welfare services to the realities of practice. With resources from a knowledge mobilization grant, a formal partnership was developed between the University of Toronto, clinicians, policy analysts, and researchers from child welfare agencies across Ontario. The key objectives of the grant included: (1) enhancing the capacity of service providers to access and analyze child welfare data to inform service and policy decisions; (2) integrating clinical expertise in service and policy decisions; and (3) developing a joint research agenda addressing high-priority knowledge gaps...
October 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036893/development-and-validation-of-a-food-frequency-questionnaire-to-estimate-intake-among-children-and-adolescents-in-urban-peru
#2
Carly A Rodriguez, Emily R Smith, Eduardo Villamor, Nelly Zavaleta, Graciela Respicio-Torres, Carmen Contreras, Sara Perea, Judith Jimenez, Karen Tintaya, Leonid Lecca, Megan B Murray, Molly F Franke
Tools to assess intake among children in Latin America are limited. We developed and assessed the reproducibility and validity of a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) administered to children, adolescents, and their caregivers in Lima, Peru. We conducted 24-h diet recalls (DRs) and focus groups to develop a locally-tailored FFQ prototype for children aged 0-14 years. To validate the FFQ, we administered two FFQs and three DRs to children and/or their caregivers (N = 120) over six months. We examined FFQ reproducibility by quartile agreement and Pearson correlation coefficients, and validity by quartile agreement and correlation with DRs...
October 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035840/characteristics-of-mexican-children-and-adolescents-who-died-by-suicide-a-study-of-psychological-autopsies
#3
Thelma Beatriz González-Castro, Carlos Alfonso Tovilla-Zárate, Yazmín Hernández-Díaz, Isela E Juárez-Rojop, Alejandra Giovanna León-Garibay, Crystell Guadalupe Guzmán-Priego, Lilia López-Narváez, Ana Frésan
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, suicide in children and adolescents has increased considerably, becoming the second cause of death in this age group. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify characteristics and factors that could precipitate deaths by suicide in children and adolescents. METHODS: Using the psychological autopsy method, we studied 28 suicide cases of children and adolescents between 10 and 17 years old. Socio-demographic factors, characteristics of the suicide and family history were documented...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035141/usual-care-for-maltreatment-related-pediatric-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-germany
#4
Annika Münzer, Rita Rosner, Helene Gertrud Ganser, Alexander Naumann, Paul Lukas Plener, Andreas Witt, Lutz Goldbeck
Child maltreatment represents a major risk factor for the development of emotional and behavioral problems, especially posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). While effective trauma-focused treatments are available, little is known about the usual mental healthcare for abused youths in Germany. The present study compared the utilization of mental healthcare in abused youths who had developed a PTSD (N = 95) with a group presenting other mental disorders (N = 146). Semistructured interviews were used to assess maltreatment histories, current mental health, and healthcare utilization...
October 16, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035130/patterns-of-serologic-markers-of-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-and-the-risk-of-transmission-among-pregnant-women-in-southwestern-nigeria
#5
I M Ifeorah, A S Bakarey, M O Adewumi, F O C Faleye, A Akere, C E Omoruyi, A O Ogunwale, C C Uttah, M A Oketade, J A Adeniji
Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) infection is a major health concern in developing countries that has a high morbidity and mortality rate. Vertical transmission of HBV from mother to child has been identified as a major factor leading to chronicity with attendant liver conditions, especially in poor socioeconomic settings. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of serological HBV markers among pregnant women in Ibadan southwestern Nigeria and to determine the implications for perinatal HBV transmission. This study revealed the presence of varied HBV serological patterns of infection or immunity among pregnant women in Ibadan, Nigeria, and thus the risk of mother to child transmission...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034438/the-pathways-fertility-preservation-decision-aid-website-for-women-with-cancer-development-and-field-testing
#6
Terri L Woodard, Aubri S Hoffman, Laura A Covarrubias, Deborah Holman, Leslie Schover, Andrea Bradford, Derek B Hoffman, Aakrati Mathur, Jerah Thomas, Robert J Volk
PURPOSE: To improve survivors' awareness and knowledge of fertility preservation counseling and treatment options, this study engaged survivors and providers to design, develop, and field-test Pathways: a fertility preservation patient decision aid website for young women with cancer©. METHODS: Using an adapted user-centered design process, our stakeholder advisory group and research team designed and optimized the Pathways patient decision aid website through four iterative cycles of review and revision with clinicians (n = 21) and survivors (n = 14)...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034268/language-emergence
#7
Diane Brentari, Susan Goldin-Meadow
Language emergence describes moments in historical time when nonlinguistic systems become linguistic. Because language can be invented de novo in the manual modality, this offers insight into the emergence of language in ways that the oral modality cannot. Here we focus on homesign, gestures developed by deaf individuals who cannot acquire spoken language and have not been exposed to sign language. We contrast homesign with (a) gestures that hearing individuals produce when they speak, as these cospeech gestures are a potential source of input to homesigners, and (b) established sign languages, as these codified systems display the linguistic structure that homesign has the potential to assume...
2017: Annual Review of Linguistics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034139/aripiprazole-induced-neutropenia-in-a-seven-year-old-male-a-case-report
#8
Muhammad Hassan Majeed, Ali Ahsan Ali
Blood dyscrasias are the widely known side effect of the second-generation antipsychotic medications. Aripiprazole rarely causes hematological side effects and it is considered relatively safe. We present the case report of a seven-year-old male who developed acute neutropenia a week after starting aripiprazole. His absolute neutrophil count (ANC) arose spontaneously once the medication was stopped. Clinicians should periodically check ANC in the patients taking aripiprazole as neutropenia could be lethal in extreme cases...
August 11, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034127/socio-demographic-factors-which-significantly-relate-to-the-prediction-of-burns-severity-in-children
#9
Khalid Alnababtah, Salim Khan
BACKGROUND: Burns are considered one of the biggest wounds and the most devastating injuries humans can receive as they have prolonged consequences which are not only physical, but psychological in addition to the cost of treatment. The aim of the study was to explore the relationships between socio-demographic factors (SDF) and the incidence and mechanisms of burn injuries in children. The objectives were to identify the multiple and various factors responsible for the occurrence of significant burns in children; to explore and investigate the relationship between these factors; to critically analyse SDF on the incidence and mechanisms of burns and to develop a contextual model with a view to informing future health care policy and health promotion programmes...
2017: International Journal of Burns and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034011/the-development-of-iconicity-in-children-s-co-speech-gesture-and-homesign
#10
Erica A Cartmill, Lilia Rissman, Miriam Novack, Susan Goldin-Meadow
Gesture can illustrate objects and events in the world by iconically reproducing elements of those objects and events. Children do not begin to express ideas iconically, however, until after they have begun to use conventional forms. In this paper, we investigate how children's use of iconic resources in gesture relates to the developing structure of their communicative systems. Using longitudinal video corpora, we compare the emergence of manual iconicity in hearing children who are learning a spoken language (co-speech gesture) to the emergence of manual iconicity in a deaf child who is creating a manual system of communication (homesign)...
2017: LIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033877/music-interventions-and-child-development-a-critical-review-and-further-directions
#11
REVIEW
Elisabeth Dumont, Elena V Syurina, Frans J M Feron, Susan van Hooren
Research on the impact of music interventions has indicated positive effects on a variety of skills. These findings suggest musical interventions may have further potential to support educational processes and development of children. This paper reviews the latest evidence on the effect of musical interventions on the development of primary school-aged children. Four electronic databases were searched from January 2010 through June 2016 using music, music instruction, music education, music lesson, music training, development, child, student, and pupil as key words for the search...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033635/evaluation-of-5-httlpr-gene-polymorphism-and-resilience-components-on-the-development-of-psychopathology-in-adolescent-sexual-abuse-cases
#12
Gresa Çarkaxhiu Bulut, Ayşe Rodopman Arman, İlter Güney, Pınar Gültepe
INTRODUCTION: More than one-fourth adolescents are exposed to unexpected frightening experiences and traumas until adulthood. In this study, we aimed to determine the potential role of serotonin transporter (5-HTT) gene polymorphism regarding resilience factors in the symptom variability of individuals exposed to sexual abuse. METHODS: Adolescents aged 11-17 years, who were admitted to the Marmara University Child Psychiatry Outpatient Clinic Forensic division with sexual abuse experience history, were informed about the research, and volunteers were included in the study...
September 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033160/transgender-youth-fertility-attitudes-questionnaire-measure-development-in-nonautistic-and-autistic-transgender-youth-and-their-parents
#13
John F Strang, Jason Jarin, David Call, Brett Clark, Gregory L Wallace, Laura G Anthony, Lauren Kenworthy, Veronica Gomez-Lobo
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to assess transgender youth and parent attitudes regarding (1) the potential impact of gender-affirming hormone therapy on fertility and (2) fertility preservation (FP) options. METHODS: The Transgender Youth Fertility Attitudes Questionnaire was developed through a multistage participatory process with gender specialists and key stakeholders (transgender youth and their parents, N = 35). As up to 25% of youth gender referrals have co-occurring autism, measure development included a well-characterized supplementary sample of autistic transgender youth to maximize the applicability of the questionnaire...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032759/predictable-and-preventable-historical-and-current-efforts-to-improve-child-injury-prevention
#14
Karen E Forward, Rod Lim, Eman Loubani
Childhood injuries are a global epidemic. Accidents resulting in childhood injury and death were first identified as a concern over a century ago. However, "accidents" leading to injury were not recognized as being predictable and preventable until more recently. Over the past seventy years, the concepts behind injury prevention were developed, and impressive reductions in childhood mortality were noted in countries such as Sweden, a world leader in multi-focal and targeted injury prevention strategies. Following their example, other countries have been called upon to improve and expand their injury prevention measures...
October 10, 2017: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032631/tools-to-improve-planning-implementation-monitoring-and-evaluation-of-complementary-feeding-programmes
#15
Juliawati Untoro, Rachel Childs, Indira Bose, Pattanee Winichagoon, Christiane Rudert, Andrew Hall, Saskia de Pee
Adequate nutrient intake is a prerequisite for achieving good nutrition status. Suboptimal complementary feeding practices are a main risk factor for stunting. The need for systematic and user-friendly tools to guide the planning, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of dietary interventions for children aged 6-23 months has been recognized. This paper describes five tools, namely, ProPAN, Optifood, Cost of the Diet, Fill the Nutrient Gap, and Monitoring Results for Equity System that can be used in different combinations to improve situation analysis, planning, implementation, monitoring, or evaluation approaches for complementary feeding in a particular context...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032630/risk-factors-of-poor-complementary-feeding-practices-in-pakistani-children-aged-6-23%C3%A2-months-a-multilevel-analysis-of-the-demographic-and-health-survey-2012-2013
#16
Muzi Na, Víctor M Aguayo, Mary Arimond, Christine P Stewart
Appropriate feeding practices are crucial for survival, growth, and development in childhood. This paper analyzes Pakistan's Demographic and Health Survey 2012-2013 to fill the knowledge gap in risk factors of poor complementary feeding practices in Pakistani children. Multilevel models were applied to fit the multistage cluster sample of 2,827 children aged 6-23 months from 489 communities. Introduction of solid, semi-solid, or soft foods (intro) was achieved in 67% infants aged 6-8 months. Among children aged 6-23 months, the proportion of children meeting minimum meal frequency, dietary diversity (MDD), and acceptable diet criteria were 63%, 22% and 15%, respectively...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032625/the-potential-role-of-micronutrient-powders-to-improve-complementary-feeding-practices
#17
Kendra Siekmans, France Bégin, Ruth Situma, Roland Kupka
Micronutrient powder (MNP) interventions are often integrated within infant and young child feeding (IYCF) programmes to improve micronutrient intake from complementary foods. This review aims to describe country experiences with MNP interventions and their impact on IYCF practices and develop a framework for how MNP may strengthen complementary feeding practices. A literature review and key informant interviews were used to gather data on complementary feeding practices in MNP programme design, implementation, and evaluation...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032624/government-information-systems-to-monitor-complementary-feeding-programs-for-young-children
#18
Maria Elena D Jefferds
Accelerating progress to improve complementary feeding of young children is a global priority. Strengthening monitoring through government information systems may increase the quality and implementation of infant and young child feeding (IYCF) programs. Monitoring is necessary for the effective implementation of programs as it allows program managers to assess program performance, identify problems, and take corrective action. Program descriptions and conceptual models explain how program inputs and activities should lead to outputs and outcomes, and ultimately public health impact; thus, they are critical tools when designing effective IYCF programs and monitoring systems as these descriptions and conceptual models form the basis for the program and are key for developing the monitoring system, indicators, and tools...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032623/complementary-feeding-practices-current-global-and-regional-estimates
#19
Jessica M White, France Bégin, Richard Kumapley, Colleen Murray, Julia Krasevec
Insufficient quantities and inadequate quality of complementary foods, together with poor feeding practices, pose a threat to children's health and nutrition. Interventions to improve complementary feeding are critical to reduce all forms of malnutrition, and access to data to ascertain the status of complementary feeding practices is essential for efforts to improve feeding behaviours. However, sufficient data to generate estimates for the core indicators covering the complementary feeding period only became available recently...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032617/emerging-issues-in-complementary-feeding-global-aspects
#20
Kim F Michaelsen, Laurence Grummer-Strawn, France Bégin
The complementary feeding period (6-24 months) is a window of opportunity for preventing stunting, wasting, overweight, and obesity and for improving long-term development and health. Because WHO published its guiding principles for complementary feeding in 2003, new knowledge and evidence have been generated in the area of child feeding. The aim of this paper is to highlight some of the emerging issues in complementary feeding and potential implications on the guidelines revision. Evidence on the effect of the quality and quantity of protein and fat intake on child growth during the complementary feeding period is summarized...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
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