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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331911/medicinal-plants-used-in-traditional-herbal-medicine-in-the-province-of-chimborazo-ecuador
#1
Fátima Morales, Susana Padilla, Félix Falconí
BACKGROUND: Phyto-therapy studies on Chimborazo province in Ecuador are really limited. This area, located within the Andes, is considered a millenarian and intercultural province, where multiples cultures and ethnic groups coexist. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted through direct interviews with 84 ancestral healers from the Province of Chimborazo, Ecuador. RESULTS: We presented ten most used species by ancestral healers of Chimborazo province to cure different illnesses and their medicinal uses...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326753/effects-of-essential-oil-exposure-on-salivary-estrogen-concentration-in-perimenopausal-women
#2
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: The menopausal transition is the time from the onset of menstrual changes until one year after the final menstrual period. During this phase, perimenopausal women experience a variety of health-related symptoms, which seemingly derive from declining level of estrogen secretion. It has long been recognized that some essential oils have the efficacy of alleviating menopausal symptoms. On the basis of this, it is possible that these essential oils have the potency to facilitate estrogen secretion in women...
January 22, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299294/the-effect-of-chamomile-cream-on-episiotomy-pain-in-primiparous-women-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
Maryam Aradmehr, Sedigheh Azhari, Sedigheh Ahmadi, Elham Azmoude
Introduction: Episiotomy is a surgical incision made in the perineum to enlarge it. Perineal pain is the most common complaint of mothers after episiotomy. Chamomile extract has been proposed as a sedative in traditional medicine. This study was conducted to assess the effect of chamomile cream on the pain after episiotomy. Methods: This triple blind clinical trial was performed on 114 eligible women at Ommolbanin Hospital in Mashhad, Iran in 2014.They were randomly assigned to two groups using random blocks...
March 2017: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278495/antioxidant-supplements-and-gastrointestinal-diseases-a-critical-appraisal
#4
Islam Khan, Sue E Samson, Ashok Kumar Grover
The gastrointestinal tract digests and absorbs dietary nutrients; protects the body against physical and chemical damage from contents in its lumen; provides immunity against external antigens and keeps an optimum environment for the gut microbiota. These functions cannot be performed normally in several diseases of which the following are discussed here: irritable bowel syndrome, inflammatory bowel disease which includes Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Because these diseases are associated with oxidative stress, a host of antioxidant supplements are used for maintenance and recovery of the gut functions...
March 8, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264206/chamomile-flower-myrrh-and-coffee-charcoal-components-of-a-traditional-herbal-medicinal-product-diminish-proinflammatory-activation-in-human-macrophages
#5
Cica Vissiennon, Dima Hammoud, Steffen Rodewald, Karin Fester, Karl-Heinz Goos, Karen Nieber, Jürgen Arnhold
A traditional herbal medicinal product, containing myrrh, chamomile flower, and coffee charcoal, has been used in Germany for the relief of gastrointestinal complaints for decades. Clinical studies suggest its use in the maintenance therapy of inflammatory bowel disease. However, the pharmacological mechanisms underlying the clinical effects are not yet fully understood.The present study aims to elucidate immunopharmacological activities of myrrh, chamomile flower, and coffee charcoal by studying the influence of each plant extract on gene expression and protein release of activated human macrophages...
March 6, 2017: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250660/the-hydroalcoholic-extract-of-matricaria-chamomilla-suppresses-migration-and-invasion-of-human-breast-cancer-mda-mb-468-and-mcf-7-cell-lines
#6
Mohsen Nikseresht, Ali Mohammad Kamali, Hamid Reza Rahimi, Hamdollah Delaviz, Mehdi Akbartabar Toori, Iraj Ragerdi Kashani, Reza Mahmoudi
BACKGROUND: Matricaria chamomilla is an aromatic plant with antioxidant, anticancer, and anti-inflammatory properties. However, the inhibitory role of M. chamomilla on migration and invasion of human breast cancer cells remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the methods to evaluate these anticancer mechanisms of M. chamomilla on human breast cancer MCF-7 and MDA-MB-468 cell lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cells were treated with hydroalcoholic extract of M...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240734/occupational-asthma-due-to-chamomile-case-report
#7
Silvano Cerri, Ferruccio Bernabeo, Eleonora Valsecchi, Giovanni Chiappino
We report the case of a worker employed in the packaging of herb infusions who came to our attention because he was suffering from breathing disorders caused by occupational exposure to chamomile dusts. The diagnostic procedure we followed highlighted a baseline lung function within the normal range, while the skin prick tests and the RAST test were positive to both seasonal aeroallergens and chamomile. To perform a specific bronchial provocation test, the patient was challenged in an exposure chamber with nebulization of an extract from chamomile flowers...
February 15, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231151/increase-of-chamazulene-and-%C3%AE-bisabolol-contents-of-the-essential-oil-of-german-chamomile-matricaria-chamomilla-l-using-salicylic-acid-treatments-under-normal-and-heat-stress-conditions
#8
Mojtaba Ghasemi, Nadali Babaeian Jelodar, Mohammad Modarresi, Nadali Bagheri, Abbas Jamali
The chamazulene and α-(-)-bisabolol contents and quality of the chamomile oil are affected by genetic background and environmental conditions. Salicylic acid (SA), as a signaling molecule, plays a significant role in the plant physiological processes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the chemical profile, quantity, and improve the essential oil quality as a consequence of the increase of chamazulene and α-(-)-bisabol using salicylic acid under normal and heat stress conditions by the gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) technique...
August 27, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231090/correction-ghasemi-m-et-al-increase-of-chamazulene-and-%C3%AE-bisabolol-contents-of-the-essential-oil-of-german-chamomile-matricaria-chamomilla-l-using-salicylic-acid-treatments-under-normal-and-heat-stress-conditions-foods-2016-5-56
#9
Mojtaba Ghasemi, Nadali Babaeian Jelodar, Mohammad Modarresi, Nadali Bagheri, Abbas Jamali
The authors wish to make the following corrections to their paper [...].
February 8, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210497/onset-of-labor-in-post-term-pregnancy-by-chamomile
#10
Fereshte Gholami, Leila Neisani Samani, Maryam Kashanian, Mohsen Naseri, Agha Fateme Hosseini, Seyed Abbas Hashemi Nejad
BACKGROUND: Post-term pregnancy is an important factor in perinatal mortality and morbidity. Generally, to reduce perinatal mortality in pregnancy, the delivery is done before adverse perinatal morbidity occurs. To prevent prolonged pregnancy, labor is induced with chemical drugs and complementary therapies. Due to the side effects and contraindications of chemical medicine, the use of herbs has been investigated in the induction of labor in post-term pregnancy. OBJECTIVES: This study was done to identify the effect of chamomile on inducing labor in women with post-term pregnancy of Shahid Akbarabadi hospital in Tehran in 2013...
November 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124843/improved-antioxidative-and-cytotoxic-activities-of-chamomile-matricaria-chamomilla-florets-fermented-by-lactobacillus-plantarum-kccm-11613p
#11
Eun-Hye Park, Won-Young Bae, Su-Jin Eom, Kee-Tae Kim, Hyun-Dong Paik
Antioxidative and cytotoxic effects of chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla) fermented by Lactobacillus plantarum were investigated to improve their biofunctional activities. Total polyphenol (TP) content was measured by the Folin-Denis method, and the antioxidant activities were assessed by the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) method and β-carotene bleaching method. AGS, HeLa, LoVo, MCF-7, and MRC-5 (normal) cells were used to examine the cytotoxic effects by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium (MTT) assay...
2017: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109818/identification-of-a-compound-isolated-from-german-chamomile-matricaria-chamomilla-with-dermal-sensitization-potential
#12
Cristina Avonto, Diego Rua, Pradeep B Lasonkar, Amar G Chittiboyina, Ikhlas A Khan
German chamomile is one of the most popular herbal ingredients used in cosmetics and personal care products. Allergic skin reactions following topical application of German chamomile have been occasionally reported, although it is not fully understood which of the chemical constituents is responsible for this adverse effect. In the present work, three candidate sensitizers were isolated from German chamomile based on activity-guided fractionation of chamomile extracts tested using the in vitro KeratinoSens™ assay...
March 1, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107852/efficacy-of-topical-chamomile-oil-for-mild-and-moderate-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#13
Mohammad Hashem Hashempur, Mohammad Sadegh Ghasemi, Babak Daneshfard, Parissa Sadat Ghoreishi, Zeinab Nasiri Lari, Kaynoosh Homayouni, Arman Zargaran
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of topical chamomile oil in patients with mild and moderate carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). METHOD: Eighty six patients with electrodiagnostic criteria of mild and moderate CTS were enrolled in this randomized double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial and received wrist splint plus topical chamomile oil or placebo for 4 weeks. They were evaluated at the baseline and end of the study regarding functional and symptomatic scores, dynamometry, and electrodiagnostic indexes...
February 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091973/mechanisms-on-spasmolytic-and-anti-inflammatory-effects-of-a%C3%A2-herbal-medicinal-product-consisting-of-myrrh-chamomile-flower-and-coffee-charcoal
#14
Cica Vissiennon, Karl-Heinz Goos, Jürgen Arnhold, Karen Nieber
Inflammatory bowel disease or irritable bowel syndrome are chronic gastrointestinal disorders which are associated with a lifelong therapeutic need. The disease results in physical, psychological, and social problems with an impact on partnership, sexuality, education, and career. Thus, the number of patients and health care professionals relying on traditional and complementary medicines and especially phytotherapy for the treatment of these chronic conditions is increasing over recent years. One traditional herbal medicinal product consisting of chamomile flower, myrrh, and coffee charcoal has been widely used in clinical practice within this indication area...
January 13, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063268/evaluation-of-the-quality-of-herbal-teas-by-dart-tof-ms
#15
Jana Prchalová, František Kovařík, Aleš Rajchl
The paper focuses on the optimization, settings and validation of direct analysis in real time (DART) coupled with time of flight detector (TOF) when used for the evaluation of the quality of selected herbal teas (fennel, chamomile, nettle, linden, peppermint, thyme, lemon balm, marigold, sage, rose hip, St. John's Wort). The ionization mode, the optimal ionization temperature and the type of solvent for sample extraction were optimized. The characteristic compounds of the analysed herbal teas (glycosides, flavonoids, phenolic and terpenic substances, such as chamazulene, anethole, menthol, thymol, salviol, hypericin etc...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056419/chamomile-matricaria-recutita-l-decoction-extract-inhibits-in-vitro-intestinal-glucose-absorption-and-attenuates-high-fat-diet-induced-lipotoxicity-and-oxidative-stress
#16
Mohamed-Amine Jabri, Mohsen Sakly, Lamjed Marzouki, Hichem Sebai
The present study aimed to investigate the inhibitory effect of chamomile decoction extract (CDE) on intestinal glucose absorption as well as its protective role against high fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity and lipotoxicity in rats. We used the Ussing chamber system to investigate the effect of CDE on intestinal transport of glucose. Male Wistar rats were fed HFD for six weeks to provoke obesity. CDE (100mg/kg, b.w. p.o.) has been per orally administered to HFD fed rats. Ex vivo, we found that CDE significantly and dose-dependently increased intestinal absorption of glucose...
March 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053955/role-of-apigenin-in-cancer-prevention-via-the-induction-of-apoptosis-and-autophagy
#17
REVIEW
Bokyung Sung, Hae Young Chung, Nam Deuk Kim
Apigenin (4',5,7-trihydroxyflavone) is a flavonoid commonly found in many fruits and vegetables such as parsley, chamomile, celery, and kumquats. In the last few decades, recognition of apigenin as a cancer chemopreventive agent has increased. Significant progress has been made in studying the chemopreventive aspects of apigenin both in vitro and in vivo. Several studies have demonstrated that the anticarcinogenic properties of apigenin occur through regulation of cellular response to oxidative stress and DNA damage, suppression of inflammation and angiogenesis, retardation of cell proliferation, and induction of autophagy and apoptosis...
December 2016: Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034365/in-vivo-antibacterial-and-wound-healing-activities-of-roman-chamomile-chamaemelum-nobile
#18
Hossein Kazemian, Sobhan Ghafourian, Nourkhoda Sadeghifard, Behzad Badakhsh, Hamid Heidari, Asieh Taji, Aref Shavalipour, Reza Mohebi, Hadi Sedigh Ebrahim-Saraie, Hamidreza Houri, Reza Houshmandfar
BACKGROUND: Today considerable number of drugs are produced from plants. Several plants with antibacterial and healing applications are used in medicine such as Roman chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile L.). Wound infection is one of the most prevalent infections among infectious disease around the world. Due to appearance of drug resistance, researchers are now paying attention to medicinal plants. Therefore, this study was designed to investigate the antimicrobial and wound healing properties of C...
December 30, 2016: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027824/protective-effect-of-chamomile-matricaria-recutita-l-decoction-extract-against-alcohol-induced-injury-in-rat-gastric-mucosa
#19
Mohamed-Amine Jabri, Nadhem Aissani, Haifa Tounsi, Mohsen Sakly, Lamjed Marzouki, Hichem Sebai
BACKGROUND: Matricaria recutita L. (Asteraceae), German chamomile, has been widely used in the traditional Tunisian medicine because of having the powerful health benefits. the current study was conducted to determine the protective effect of chamomile (Matricaria recutita L.) decoction extract (CDE) in ethanol-induced ulcer and oxidative stress on gastric mucosa in rat. METHODS: Adult male wistar rats were used and divided into seven groups: Control, EtOH, EtOH+various doses of CDE (25, 50 and 100mg/kg, b...
December 21, 2016: Pathophysiology: the Official Journal of the International Society for Pathophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025442/clinical-efficacy-of-a-1-matricaria-chamomile-l-mouthwash-and-0-12-chlorhexidine-for-gingivitis-control-in-patients-undergoing-orthodontic-treatment-with-fixed-appliances
#20
Paula Goes, Caio S Dutra, Mário R P Lisboa, Delane V Gondim, Renata Leitão, Gerly A C Brito, Rodrigo O Rego
This pilot study evaluated the clinical efficacy of a mouthwash containing 1% Matricaria chamomilla L. (MTC) extract in reducing gingival inflammation and plaque formation in patients undergoing orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances. This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study enrolled a total of 30 males and females (age, 10-40 years) with fixed orthodontic appliances and a minimum of 20 natural teeth. The participants were allocated to three groups (n = 10 each) and asked to rinse with 15 mL of a placebo, 0...
2016: Journal of Oral Science
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