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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640576/the-effect-of-aromatherapy-on-insomnia-and-other-common-symptoms-among-patients-with-acute-leukemia
#1
Lisa Blackburn, Sara Achor, Betty Allen, Nicole Bauchmire, Danielle Dunnington, Rebecca Klisovic, Steven Naber, Kirsten Roblee, Angela Samczak, Kelly Tomlinson-Pinkham, Esther Chipps
Purpose/Objectives: To determine if the use of aromatherapy improves insomnia and other common symptoms in hospitalized patients with newly diagnosed acute leukemia. Design: A randomized, crossover, washout trial. Setting: An inpatient acute leukemia unit at the Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard L. Solove Research Institute of the Wexner Medical Center at Ohio State University in Columbus. Sample: 50 patients who were newly diagnosed with acute leukemia and hospitalized to receive their initial four weeks of intensive induction chemotherapy...
June 16, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630784/elemental-characterization-of-romanian-crop-medicinal-plants-by-neutron-activation-analysis
#2
Daniela Haidu, Dénes Párkányi, Radu Ioan Moldovan, Cecilia Savii, Iulia Pinzaru, Cristina Dehelean, Ludovic Kurunczi
The metallic elements concentrations of medicinal plants (coriander, dill, Echinacea, lavender, chamomile, mint, and plantain, used for phytopharmaceutical products), cultivated in unpolluted region, were analyzed by neutron activation analysis. The essential nutrients, macro-, micro-, and trace elements (K, Ca, Mg, Na, Fe, Mn, Rb, Sr, and Zn), potentially toxic elements (Al, As, Ba, Co, Sb, Cr, and V), and rare earth elements were monitored and were compared with those presented in the literature. An estimation of their contributions to intake and toxicity for a person was made, which revealed that (a) teas prepared from the examined plants represent useful contribution to the food provided intake of three essential macronutrients (K, Ca, and Mg); (b) the Cu, Mn, Rb, Sr, Zn, and rare earths levels are normal or low; (c) the quantities of As, Ba, Co, Sb, Cr, and V do not represent toxicological concerns; (d) the examination of the estimated Al and Fe quantities recovered in infusions in the conditions of usual daily tea consumption is below the Tolerable Daily Intake values...
2017: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620726/determination-of-the-cadmium-chromium-nickel-and-lead-ions-relays-in-selected-polish-medicinal-plants-and-their-infusion
#3
Janusz Mirosławski, Andrzej Paukszto
Concentration of Cd, Cr, Ni, and Pb were determined in peppermint leaves (Folium Menthae piperitae), chamomile blossom (Anthodium Chamomillae), and their infusions by atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS) after microwave digestion of plants samples. Peppermint and chamomile preparations by five different producers were purchased at various pharmacies in Poland. Infusions were made from herbs according to prescription for patients, provided by the producer of medicine on the package. Results show that in exam of medicinal plants the content of cadmium exceeds World Health Organization (WHO) standards...
June 15, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616420/investigation-effect-of-oral-chamomilla-on-sleep-quality-in-elderly-people-in-isfahan-a-randomized-control-trial
#4
Mehrdad Abdullahzadeh, Pegah Matourypour, Sayed Ali Naji
BACKGROUND: Elderly people often suffer from sleep disorders. Chamomile due to the many health benefits such as sedation may be effective in improving sleep quality in elderly people. This study aimed to determine the effect of Matricaria chamomilla extract on sleep quality in elderly people admitted to nursing homes of Isfahan in 2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study is a quasi-experimental clinical trial. The study population was 77 cases of elderly hospitalized in nursing homes...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605119/aromatherapy-massage-for-neuropathic-pain-and-quality-of-life-in-diabetic-patients
#5
Zehra Gok Metin, Ayse Arikan Donmez, Nur Izgu, Leyla Ozdemir, Ismail Emre Arslan
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the effects of aromatherapy massage on neuropathic pain severity and quality of life (QoL) in patients suffering from painful diabetic neuropathy. DESIGN AND METHODS: This open-label randomized controlled clinical study was conducted in a university hospital endocrine outpatient clinic in Turkey. The study sample consisted of 46 patients, randomly allocated to an intervention group (n = 21) and a control group (n = 25). The intervention group received aromatherapy massage three times per week for a period of 4 weeks...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585466/reformulation-of-traditional-chamomile-oil-quality-controls-and-fingerprint-presentation-based-on-cluster-analysis-of-attenuated-total-reflectance-infrared-spectral-data
#6
Arman Zargaran, Amirhossein Sakhteman, Pouya Faridi, Saeid Daneshamouz, Amin Reza Akbarizadeh, Afshin Borhani-Haghighi, Abdolali Mohagheghzadeh
Herbal oils have been widely used in Iran as medicinal compounds dating back to thousands of years in Iran. Chamomile oil is widely used as an example of traditional oil. We remade chamomile oils and tried to modify it with current knowledge and facilities. Six types of oil (traditional and modified) were prepared. Microbial limit tests and physicochemical tests were performed on them. Also, principal component analysis, hierarchical cluster analysis, and partial least squares discriminant analysis were done on the spectral data of attenuated total reflectance-infrared in order to obtain insight based on classification pattern of the samples...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560780/double-blind-randomized-phase-iii-study-comparing-a-mixture-of-natural-agents-versus-placebo-in-the-prevention-of-acute-mucositis-during-chemoradiotherapy-for-head-and-neck-cancer
#7
Laura Marucci, Alessia Farneti, Paolo Di Ridolfi, Paola Pinnaro, Raul Pellini, Diana Giannarelli, Patrizia Vici, Mario Conte, Valeria Landoni, Giuseppe Sanguineti
BACKGROUND: There is no widely accepted intervention in the prevention of acute mucositis during chemoradiotherapy for head and neck carcinoma. In the present double-blind study, we tested 4 natural agents, propolis, aloe vera, calendula, and chamomile versus placebo. METHODS: Patients undergoing concomitant chemo-intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) were given natural agent or matched placebo; grade 3 mucositis on physical examination according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 3...
May 31, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554866/two-structured-solid-particle-model-for-predicting-and-analyzing-supercritical-extraction-performance
#8
Sara Samadi, Behrooz Mahmoodzadeh Vaziri
Solid extraction process, using the supercritical fluid, is a modern science and technology, which has come in vogue regarding its considerable advantages. In the present article, a new and comprehensive model is presented for predicting the performance and separation yield of the supercritical extraction process. The base of process modeling is partial differential mass balances. In the proposed model, the solid particles are considered twofold: (a) particles with intact structure, (b) particles with destructed structure...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553737/safety-assessment-of-anthemis-nobilis-derived-ingredients-as-used-in-cosmetics
#9
Wilbur Johnson, Bart Heldreth, Wilma F Bergfeld, Donald V Belsito, Ronald A Hill, Curtis D Klaassen, Daniel C Liebler, James G Marks, Ronald C Shank, Thomas J Slaga, Paul W Snyder, F Alan Andersen
Anthemis nobilis (Roman chamomile) flower extract, anthemis nobilis flower oil, anthemis nobilis flower powder, and anthemis nobilis flower water are ingredients that function as fragrance ingredients and skin-conditioning agents in cosmetic products. These ingredients are being used at concentrations up to 10% (anthemis nobilis flower water) in cosmetic products. The available data indicate that these 4 ingredients are not irritating or sensitizing. Chemical composition data and the low use concentrations suggest that systemic toxicity would not be likely if percutaneous absorption of constituents were to occur...
May 2017: International Journal of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527112/inhalation-of-roman-chamomile-essential-oil-attenuates-depressive-like-behaviors-in-wistar-kyoto-rats
#10
Yingying Kong, Ting Wang, Rong Wang, Yichuan Ma, Shanshan Song, Juan Liu, Weiwei Hu, Shengtian Li
The idea of aromatherapy, using essential oils, has been considered as an alternative antidepressant treatment. In the present study, we investigated the effect of Roman chamomile essential oil inhalation for two weeks on depressive-like behaviors in Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. We found that inhalation of either Roman chamomile or one of its main components α-pinene, attenuated depressive-like behavior in WKY rats in the forced swim test. Using isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation analysis (iTRAQ), we found that inhalation of α-pinene increased expression of proteins that are involved in oxidative phosphorylation, such as cytochrome c oxidase subunit 6C-2, cytochrome c oxidase subunit 7A2, ATPase inhibitor in the hippocampus, and cytochrome c oxidase subunit 6C-2, ATP synthase subunit e, Acyl carrier protein, and Cytochrome b-c1 complex subunit 6 in the PFC (prefrontal cortex)...
May 16, 2017: Science China. Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521992/tragacanth-nanocapsules-containing-chamomile-extract-prepared-through-sono-assisted-w-o-w-microemulsion-and-uv-cured-on-cotton-fabric
#11
Soraya Ghayempour, Majid Montazer
Encapsulation is the best method to protect the plant extracts against volatility and instability in the presence of air, light, moisture and high temperatures. Nevertheless, application of encapsulated plant extracts on the textiles requires a low-temperature and high rate processing to avoid from breaking or destroying of capsules. The present paper represents application of nanocapsules prepared by ultrasound irradiation assisted W/O/W microemulsion method on the cotton fabric through UV curing method. The surface and structure of nanocapsules and treated cotton fabric using FESEM and FT-IR indicated the spherical nanocapsules with size of 60-80nm stabilized on the fabric surface in a film layer feature...
August 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480837/anthelmintic-activity-of-tunisian-chamomile-matricaria-recutita-l-against-haemonchus-contortus
#12
S Hajaji, D Alimi, M A Jabri, S Abuseir, M Gharbi, H Akkari
The chemical treatment of gastrointestinal parasitic diseases has been undermined by increasing resistance and high toxicity. There is an urgent need to search for alternative natural sources for the treatment of such parasites. In this respect, the present study aims to quantify phenolic compounds of chamomile (Matricaria recutita L.) and to study their in vitro anti-oxidant and anthelmintic activities in solvents with increasing polarity. In vitro determination of anti-oxidant capacity was carried out using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2-azino-bis-(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS) radical cation methods...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457091/corneal-staining-and-hot-black-tea-compresses
#13
Asaf Achiron, Yael Birger, Lily Karmona, Haggay Avizemer, Elisha Bartov, Zvia Burgansky-Eliash, Yocheved Rahamim
BACKGROUND: Warm compresses are widely touted as an effective treatment for ocular surface disorders. Black tea compresses are a common household remedy, although there is no evidence in the medical literature proving their effect and their use may lead to harmful side effects. OBJECTIVES: To describe a case in which the application of black tea to an eye with a corneal epithelial defect led to anterior stromal discoloration; evaluate the prevalence of hot tea compress use; and analyze, in vitro, the discoloring effect of tea compresses on a model of a porcine eye...
March 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454188/metabolic-profiling-of-hoodia-chamomile-terminalia-species-and-evaluation-of-commercial-preparations-using-ultrahigh-performance-liquid-chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry
#14
Bharathi Avula, Yan-Hong Wang, Giorgis Isaac, Jimmy Yuk, Mark Wrona, Kate Yu, Ikhlas A Khan
Ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-QToF-MS) profiling was used for the identification of marker compounds and generation of metabolic patterns that could be interrogated using chemometric modeling software. UHPLC-QToF-MS was used to generate comprehensive fingerprints of three botanicals (Hoodia, Terminalia, and chamomile), each having different classes of compounds. Detection of a broad range of ions was carried out in full scan mode in both positive and negative modes over the range m/z 100-1700 using high-resolution mass spectrometry...
April 28, 2017: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444161/odor-perception-by-dogs-evaluating-two-training-approaches-for-odor-learning-of-sniffer-dogs
#15
Carola Fischer-Tenhagen, Dorothea Johnen, Wolfgang Heuwieser, Roland Becker, Kristin Schallschmidt, Irene Nehls
In this study, a standardized experimental set-up with various combinations of herbs as odor sources was designed. Two training approaches for sniffer dogs were compared; first, training with a pure reference odor, and second, training with a variety of odor mixtures with the target odor as a common denominator. The ability of the dogs to identify the target odor in a new context was tested. Six different herbs (basil, St. John's wort, dandelion, marjoram, parsley, ribwort) were chosen to produce reference materials in various mixtures with (positive) and without (negative) chamomile as the target odor source...
June 1, 2017: Chemical Senses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436282/the-effect-of-chamomile-extract-obtained-in-supercritical-carbon-dioxide-conditions-on-physicochemical-and-usable-properties-of-pharmaceutical-ointments
#16
Emilia Klimaszewska, Artur Seweryn, Anna Małysa, Małgorzata Zięba, Joanna Lipińska
The study investigated the effect of chamomile extract obtained in supercritical carbon dioxide conditions on the basic properties of pharmaceutical ointments. A total of five formulations were designed and prepared, differing in the weight ratio of sunflower oil to chamomile extract (5:0; 3.5:1.5; 2.5:2.5; 1.5:3.5 and 0:5). An increase in the concentration of chamomile extract was found to be accompanied by a decrease in hardness, adhesive power and flow limit. Based on viscosity measurements it was shown that ointments containing the hydrophobic plant extract under study were prone to larger drops in viscosity under the effect of the set shear rate...
April 22, 2017: Pharmaceutical Development and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426414/amoebicidal-activity-of-%C3%AE-bisabolol-the-main-sesquiterpene-in-chamomile-matricaria-recutita-l-essential-oil-against-the-trophozoite-stage-of-acanthamoeba-castellani-neff
#17
Soumaya Hajaji, Ines Sifaoui, Atteneri López-Arencibia, María Reyes-Batlle, Basilio Valladares, José E Pinero, Jacob Lorenzo-Morales, Hafidh Akkari
Acanthamoeba genus includes opportunistic pathogens which are distributed worldwide and are causative agents of a fatal encephalitis and severe keratitis in humans and other animals. Until present there are not fully effective therapeutic agents against this pathogen and thus the need to search for novel anti-amoebic compounds is urgent. Recently, essential oils of aromatic and medicinal plants have shown activity against Acanthamoeba strains. Therefore, this study was aimed to evaluate the activity of main component of chamomile essential oil (a sesquiterpene) namely α-bisabolol against the Acanthamoeba castellani Neff strain...
June 1, 2017: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413677/management-of-afatinib-induced-stomatitis
#18
Saeko Kato, Anna Saito, Naomi Matsuda, Hisako Suzuki, Midori Ujiie, Shinya Sato, Kunihiko Miyazaki, Takahide Kodama, Hiroaki Satoh
Severe stomatitis may lead to the need to interrupt or discontinue cancer therapy and, thus, may affect control of the primary disease. Stomatitis may also increase the risk of local and systemic infection and significantly affects the quality of life and the cost of care. The present study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of two traditional herbal medicines in controlling treatment-induced stomatitis in a small cohort of lung cancer patients treated with afatinib. All patients who were treated with afatinib for epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutated nonsmallcell lung cancer (NSCLC) between January, 2015 and March, 2016, were included in this study...
April 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364317/herbal-use-and-medical-pluralism-among-latinos-in-southern-california
#19
Nipher M Malika, Arti K Desai, Juan Carlos Belliard
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is often used alongside conventional medical care, yet few patients disclose CAM use to medical doctors. Our objectives were to (1) assess Latino herbal use, (2) explore the most commonly used herbs for common ailments, and (3) examine patients' disclosure of herb use to their physicians. Self-administered questionnaires were collected from 318 Latino patients seeking treatment at community health centers. Descriptive statistical analysis was conducted to determine the frequency of stated objectives among the participants...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362469/control-of-natural-microorganisms-in-chamomile-chamomilla-recutita-l-by-gamma-ray-and-electron-beam-irradiation
#20
Mahfouz Al-Bachir
BACKGROUND: Microbial contamination levels and corresponding sensitivities to gamma rays (GR) and elec- tron beam (EB) irradiation were tested in chamomile (Chamomile recutta L.). METHODS: Chamomile powders were treated with 10 and 20 kGy by GR and EB, respectively. Microbiological and chemical analyses were performed on controls and treated samples immediately after irradiation, and after 12 months of storage. RESULTS: The control samples of chamomile exhibited rather high microbiological contamination, exceeding the levels of 4 log10 CFU g-1   (CFU - colony forming units) reported by national and international authorities as the maximum permissible total count level...
January 2017: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
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