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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930236/antibacterial-and-antifungal-activity-of-essential-oils-against-pathogens-responsible-for-otitis-externa-in-dogs-and-cats
#1
Valentina V Ebani, Simona Nardoni, Fabrizio Bertelloni, Basma Najar, Luisa Pistelli, Francesca Mancianti
Background: Essential oils (EOs) are recommended by some veterinarians to treat otitis externa in pets, but data about their efficacy in scientific literature are very scant. Methods: Nine commercial EOs, from roman chamomile (Anthemis nobilis L.), star anise (Illicium verum), lavender (Lavandula hybrida), litsea (Litsea cubeba (Lour.) Pers.), basil (Ocimum basilicum L.), oregano (Origanum vulgare L. subsp. hirticum), rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.), clary sage (Salvia sclarea L.), and thyme (Thymus vulgaris L...
April 21, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930137/chemical-composition-cytotoxic-apoptotic-and-antioxidant-activities-of-main-commercial-essential-oils-in-palestine-a-comparative-study
#2
Mohammad A Al-Tamimi, Bob Rastall, Ibrahim M Abu-Reidah
Background: Essential oils (EOs) are complex mixtures of several components gifted with a wide array of biological activities. The present research was designed to evaluate whether commercial essential oils could be effective by examining their in vitro antioxidant, cytotoxic, and apoptotic properties of nine commercially available EOs in Palestine, namely, African rue, basil, chamomile, fennel, fenugreek, ginger, spearmint, sage, and thyme, and to assure their effective use. Methods: The cytotoxic activity was determined using HT29-19(A) non-muco secreting and HT29-muco secreting (MS) cell lines...
October 25, 2016: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919332/correlation-of-radical-scavenging-capacity-and-amoebicidal-activity-of-matricaria-recutita-l-asteraceae
#3
Soumaya Hajaji, Ines Sifaoui, Atteneri López-Arencibia, María Reyes-Batlle, Ignacio A Jiménez, Isabel L Bazzocchi, Basilio Valladares, José E Pinero, Jacob Lorenzo-Morales, Hafidh Akkari
Some Acanthamoeba strains are able to cause Granulomatous Amoebic Encephalitis (GAE) and Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK) worldwide because of their pathogenicity. The treatment of Acanthamoeba infections is complicated due to the existence of a highly resistant cyst stage in their life cycle. Therefore, the elucidation of novel sources of anti-Acanthamoeba agents is an urgent need. In the present study, an evaluation of the antioxidant and anti-Acanthamoeba activity of compounds in flower extracts of Tunisian chamomile (Matricaria recutita L...
September 14, 2017: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918484/drug-herb-interactions-in-the-elderly-patient-with-ibd-a-growing-concern
#4
REVIEW
Haider Rahman, Marina Kim, Galen Leung, Jesse A Green, Seymour Katz
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which includes conditions such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, is becoming more prevalent with the elderly being the fastest growing group. Parallel to this, there is an increasing interest in the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Nearly half of patients with IBD have used CAM at one time. The elderly patients, however, are burdened by comorbid conditions, polypharmacy, and altered functional status. With increasing use of complementary and alternative medicine in our elderly patients with IBD, it is vital for the provider to provide counsel on drug-herb potential interactions...
September 16, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869815/separation-of-bioactive-chamazulene-from-chamomile-extract-using-metal-organic-framework
#5
Reda M Abdelhameed, Hassan Abdel-Gawad, Mohamed Taha, Bahira Hegazi
Isolation of bioactive compounds from extracts of pharmaceutical plant is very important. In this work, copper benzene-1,3,5-tricarboxylate metal organic framework (Cu-BTC MOF) has been synthesized. It is used in separating of chamazulene from chamomile extract. The Cu-BTC MOF not only shows good chamazulene adsorption but also maintains good desorption properties. However, the research on this field is still new and the maturation of novel MOFs or the enhancements of known ones are required.The chamomile extract obtained after each stage of the treatments was carefully characterized by thin-layer chromatography (TLC), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), UV-vis spectrometry and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869011/-nutrition-and-dietary-supplement-in-chronic-inflammatory-bowel-diesease
#6
Christian Lodberg Hvas, Mette Borre, Janne Ladefoged Fassov
Nutrition and food items may improve or worsen symptoms in Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Protein malnutrition and vitamin and mineral deficiencies are common, particularly deficiency of iron and vitamin D. Dietary fibres and omega-3 fatty acids are safe, but no evidence supports their use as treatment. The use of probiotics is not encouraged in patients with Crohn's disease, but it may maintain remission in ulcerative colitis. Curcumin, chamomile, and other herbal extracts are promising in the treatment of mild ulcerative colitis, but validation of products and monitoring of side effects are insufficient...
July 31, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868668/green-and-chamomile-teas-but-not-acarbose-attenuate-glucose-and-fructose-transport-via-inhibition-of-glut2-and-glut5
#7
Jose A Villa-Rodriguez, Ebru Aydin, Julia S Gauer, Alison Pyner, Gary Williamson, Asimina Kerimi
SCOPE: High glycaemic sugars result in blood glucose spikes, while high doses of post-prandial fructose inundate the liver, causing an imbalance in energy metabolism, both leading to increased risk of metabolic malfunction and type 2 diabetes. Acarbose, used for diabetes management, reduces post-prandial hyperglycaemia by delaying carbohydrate digestion. METHODS AND RESULTS: Chamomile and green teas both inhibited digestive enzymes (α-amylase and maltase) related to intestinal sugar release, as already established for acarbose...
September 3, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844214/efficacy-of-topical-chamomile-on-the-incidence-of-phlebitis-due-to-an-amiodarone-infusion-in-coronary-care-patients-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Maryam Sharifi-Ardani, Leili Yekefallah, Saeed Asefzadeh, Marjan Nassiri-Asl
BACKGROUND: Amiodarone is a useful antiarrhythmic drug. Phlebitis, caused by intravenous amiodarone, is common in patients in coronary care units (CCUs). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of topical chamomile on the incidence of phlebitis due to the administration of an amiodarone infusion into the peripheral vein. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTIONS: This was a randomized, double-blind clinical trial, conducted on 40 patients (n = 20 per group) in two groups-an intervention group (chamomile ointment) and a control group (lanoline, as a placebo), hospitalized in the CCUs and undergoing an amiodarone infusion into the peripheral vein over 24 h...
September 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844212/a-cross-sectional-study-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-in-patients-with-coagulation-disorders-in-southern-iran
#9
Mohammadreza Bordbar, Mehdi Pasalar, Rezvan Aresehiri, Sezaneh Haghpanah, Soheila Zareifar, Fatemeh Amirmoezi
OBJECTIVE: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use has an increasing trend around the world. Despite the wild application of CAM in patients with coagulation disorders, its efficacy is still questioned by many studies. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and types of CAM usage, and the factors affecting CAM use among patients with bleeding disorders. METHODS: This cross-sectional study investigated the usage of CAM with a standard validated questionnaire in coagulopathic patients who were referred to Dastgheib Hospital, an educational therapeutic center affiliated to the Shiraz University of Medical Sciences in Shiraz, Southern Iran...
September 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797221/use-of-genotyping-by-sequencing-to-determine-the-genetic-structure-in-the-medicinal-plant-chamomile-and-to-identify-flowering-time-and-alpha-bisabolol-associated-snp-loci-by-genome-wide-association-mapping
#10
Lars-Gernot Otto, Prodyut Mondal, Jonathan Brassac, Susanne Preiss, Jörg Degenhardt, Sang He, Jochen Christoph Reif, Timothy Francis Sharbel
BACKGROUND: Chamomile (Matricaria recutita L.) has a long history of use in herbal medicine with various applications, and the flower heads contain numerous secondary metabolites which are medicinally active. In the major crop plants, next generation sequencing (NGS) approaches are intensely applied to exploit genetic resources, to develop genomic resources and to enhance breeding. Here, genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) has been used in the non-model medicinal plant chamomile to evaluate the genetic structure of the cultivated varieties/populations, and to perform genome wide association study (GWAS) focusing on genes with large effect on flowering time and the medicinally important alpha-bisabolol content...
August 10, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793084/-use-of-medicinal-plants-as-home-remedies-in-primary-health-care-in-blumenau-state-of-santa-catarina-brazil
#11
Ana Lúcia Bertarello Zeni, Amanda Varnier Parisotto, Gerson Mattos, Ernani Tiaraju de Santa Helena
An increase in the use of alternative therapeutic practices has been observed in the past decade, especially in medicinal plants, herbal and home remedies, which has been supported by policies within the scope of the Unified Health System (SUS). This study investigated the use of home remedies by users of Primary Health Care in Blumenau, State of Santa Catarina. It is a cross-sectional, observational and epidemiological study, the data for which were obtained via a questionnaire applied to 701 individuals. An unconditional logistic regression model was used to estimate the association between the use of home remedies and socio-demographic and medical care variables...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771735/polyphenol-content-in-vitro-bioaccesibility-and-antioxidant-capacity-of-widely-consumed-beverages
#12
Gema Baeza, Beatriz Sarriá, Laura Bravo, Raquel Mateos
BACKGROUND: Beverages prepared from antioxidant rich plants are sources of polyphenols, which bioactivity depends on bioaccesibility in the gastrointestinal tract. This work evaluated the polyphenol content and antioxidant capacity of widely consumed beverages such as chamomile tea, yerba mate, a coffee blend (65% roasted:35% green), and coffee-like substitutes such as chicory, malt and a soluble cereal mixture. Additionally, the bioaccesibility of the two beverages with the highest antioxidant capacity was evaluated using an in vitro digestion model...
August 3, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758285/effect-of-ozone-on-the-microbiological-status-of-five-dried-aromatic-plants
#13
Martha Kazi, Foteini F Parlapani, Ioannis S Boziaris, Evangelos K Vellios, Christos Lykas
BACKGROUND: Aromatic plants may be contaminated with a wide range of microorganisms making them a potential health hazard when infused or added in ready-to-eat meals. To ensure safety, the effect of gaseous ozone treatment on the population of aerobic plate counts (APC), hygienic indicators (Escherichia coli, Enterococcus spp. and Enterobacteriaceae) and fungi was investigated for five dried aromatic plants; i.e. oregano, thyme, mountain tea, lemon verbena and chamomile. Selection, isolation, and further fungi identification were based on the phenotypic and macro and microscopic characteristics...
July 31, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756155/formation-of-matricaria-chamomilla-extract-incorporated-ag-nanoparticles-and-size-dependent-enhanced-antimicrobial-property
#14
Esra Dogru, Ayse Demirbas, Berrak Altinsoy, Fatih Duman, Ismail Ocsoy
Various concentrations of Matricaria chamomilla (M. chamomilla) flower extract was used for biosynthesis of Ag NPs with different sizes, 70±5 (Ag NP-1), 52±5 (Ag NP-1) and 37±4nm (Ag NP-3), and size-specific antimicrobial activity of them was evaluated towards Gram+ Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), Gram- Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria and Candida fungus albicans (C. albicans). We also examine the formation of Ag NPs as a function of the plant extract volume, Ag ion concentration (Ag(+)) and reaction time...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738653/development-of-an-efficient-method-for-multi-residue-analysis-of-160-pesticides-in-herbal-plant-by-ethyl-acetate-hexane-mixture-with-direct-injection-to-gc-ms-ms
#15
Sherif M Taha, Sohair A Gadalla
A simple and efficient multi residue method was developed, for the analysis of 160 pesticides by GC-MS/MS in herbal plants. The developed method employs pesticide residue extraction by EtAC/ n. hexane (6:4) with a cleanup step using florisil/ PSA mixture. The optimized conditions have resulted in lower co-extracted matrix components than those extracted using EtAC or MeCN (QuEChERS method), according to FTIR and full scan GC/MS analyses. In addition, the developed method (EtAC/ Hexane) eliminates the evaporation step that is usually performed when using MeCN as an extraction solvent prior to the GC-MS/MS injection...
November 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730280/evidence-for-the-involvement-of-the-gabaergic-but-not-serotonergic-transmission-in-the-anxiolytic-like-effect-of-bisabolol-in-the-mouse-elevated-plus-maze
#16
Mohaddeseh Abouhosseini Tabari, Mohammad Amir Bagherpour Tehrani
Bisabolol (α-(-)-bisabolol) is a sesquiterpene which is a part of the essential oil of a variety of plants, but its common source is German chamomile. Several bioactivities including anti-inflammatory, anti-nociceptive, and anti-tumor effects were attributed to bisabolol. However, the neuropharmacological properties of bisabolol have not yet been reported. The present study evaluated behavioral effects of bisabolol using elevated plus maze (EPM), open field test (OFT), and rotarod test. Moreover, this study also examined whether the 5-HT1A and GABAA-benzodiazepine receptor systems are involved in the anxiolytic-like effects of bisabolol...
July 20, 2017: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698493/antifungal-and-antiochratoxigenic-activities-of-essential-oils-and-total-phenolic-extracts-a-comparative-study
#17
Rachelle El Khoury, Ali Atoui, Florence Mathieu, Hiba Kawtharani, Anthony El Khoury, Richard G Maroun, Andre El Khoury
This study is intended to prevent ochratoxin A (OTA) production by Aspergillus carbonarius S402 using essential oils (EOs) and total phenolic compounds extracted from plants and herbs. The EOs used in this study are the following: bay leaves, cumin, fenugreek, melissa, mint, and sage. As for the phenolic compounds, they were extracted from bay leaves, cumin, fenugreek, melissa, mint, sage, anise, chamomile, fennel, rosemary, and thyme. The experiments were conducted on Synthetic Grape Medium (SGM) medium at 28 °C for 4 days...
July 9, 2017: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695606/orally-administered-chrysin-improves-post-thawed-sperm-quality-and-fertility-of-rooster
#18
M Zhandi, M Ansari, P Roknabadi, A Zare Shahneh, M Sharafi
Chrysin is a bioflavonoid compound found in passion flower, chamomile, propolis and honey at high levels. Post-thawed sperm quality and fertility of Chrysin-fed roosters were assessed in this study. Twenty 40-week-old male broiler breeders were randomly divided into four groups and fed basal diet supplemented with different levels of Chrysin including 0 (Ch-0), 25 (Ch-25), 50 (Ch-50) or 75 (Ch-75) mg/day for 12 consecutive weeks. Semen samples were weekly collected from 6th to 9th week of experiment to evaluate some sperm quality parameters including total and progressive motility, plasma membrane integrity and functionality (in fresh and post-thawed samples) and mitochondrial activity (only in post-thawed samples)...
July 10, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684908/%C3%AE-bisabolol-loaded-lipid-core-nanocapsules-reduce-lipopolysaccharide-induced-pulmonary-inflammation-in-mice
#19
Ana Paula L D'Almeida, Maria T Pacheco de Oliveira, Éverton T de Souza, Diego de Sá Coutinho, Bianca T Ciambarella, Cristiano R Gomes, Thatiana Terroso, Sílvia S Guterres, Adriana R Pohlmann, Patrícia Mr Silva, Marco A Martins, Andressa Bernardi
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a severe clinical condition of respiratory failure due to an intense inflammatory response with different etiologies. Despite all efforts, therapy remains limited, and ARDS is still associated with high mortality and morbidity. Plants can provide a vast source of active natural products for the discovery of new drugs. α-bisabolol (α-bis), a constituent of the essential oil from chamomile, has elicited pharmacological interest. However, the molecule has some limitations to its biological application...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666160/on-line-coupling-of-molecularly-imprinted-solid-phase-extraction-with-liquid-chromatography-for-the-fast-determination-of-coumarins-from-complex-samples
#20
Andrea Machyňáková, Ivona Lhotská, Katarína Hroboňová, Dalibor Šatínský
In this work, an on-line SPE-HPLC method with spectrophotometric detection was developed for the determination of coumarins in complex samples. For the on-line cleanup of samples, a molecularly imprinted polymer was packed into the column cartridge and coupled directly with HPLC (MISPE-HPLC) using a column switching system. The separation of coumarins was performed on a C18 core-shell column (100×4.6mm, 5μm) with a mobile phase consisting of 0.3% acetic acid/acetonitrile with gradient elution at a flow-rate of 1mLmin(-1)...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
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