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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527112/inhalation-of-roman-chamomile-essential-oil-attenuates-depressive-like-behaviors-in-wistar-kyoto-rats
#1
Yingying Kong, Ting Wang, Rong Wang, Yichuan Ma, Shanshan Song, Juan Liu, Weiwei Hu, Shengtian Li
The idea of aromatherapy, using essential oils, has been considered as an alternative antidepressant treatment. In the present study, we investigated the effect of Roman chamomile essential oil inhalation for two weeks on depressive-like behaviors in Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. We found that inhalation of either Roman chamomile or one of its main components α-pinene, attenuated depressive-like behavior in WKY rats in the forced swim test. Using isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation analysis (iTRAQ), we found that inhalation of α-pinene increased expression of proteins that are involved in oxidative phosphorylation, such as cytochrome c oxidase subunit 6C-2, cytochrome c oxidase subunit 7A2, ATPase inhibitor in the hippocampus, and cytochrome c oxidase subunit 6C-2, ATP synthase subunit e, Acyl carrier protein, and Cytochrome b-c1 complex subunit 6 in the PFC (prefrontal cortex)...
May 16, 2017: Science China. Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521992/tragacanth-nanocapsules-containing-chamomile-extract-prepared-through-sono-assisted-w-o-w-microemulsion-and-uv-cured-on-cotton-fabric
#2
Soraya Ghayempour, Majid Montazer
Encapsulation is the best method to protect the plant extracts against volatility and instability in the presence of air, light, moisture and high temperatures. Nevertheless, application of encapsulated plant extracts on the textiles requires a low-temperature and high rate processing to avoid from breaking or destroying of capsules. The present paper represents application of nanocapsules prepared by ultrasound irradiation assisted W/O/W microemulsion method on the cotton fabric through UV curing method. The surface and structure of nanocapsules and treated cotton fabric using FESEM and FT-IR indicated the spherical nanocapsules with size of 60-80nm stabilized on the fabric surface in a film layer feature...
August 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480837/anthelmintic-activity-of-tunisian-chamomile-matricaria-recutita-l-against-haemonchus-contortus
#3
S Hajaji, D Alimi, M A Jabri, S Abuseir, M Gharbi, H Akkari
The chemical treatment of gastrointestinal parasitic diseases has been undermined by increasing resistance and high toxicity. There is an urgent need to search for alternative natural sources for the treatment of such parasites. In this respect, the present study aims to quantify phenolic compounds of chamomile (Matricaria recutita L.) and to study their in vitro anti-oxidant and anthelmintic activities in solvents with increasing polarity. In vitro determination of anti-oxidant capacity was carried out using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2-azino-bis-(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS) radical cation methods...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457091/corneal-staining-and-hot-black-tea-compresses
#4
Asaf Achiron, Yael Birger, Lily Karmona, Haggay Avizemer, Elisha Bartov, Zvia Burgansky-Eliash, Yocheved Rahamim
BACKGROUND: Warm compresses are widely touted as an effective treatment for ocular surface disorders. Black tea compresses are a common household remedy, although there is no evidence in the medical literature proving their effect and their use may lead to harmful side effects. OBJECTIVES: To describe a case in which the application of black tea to an eye with a corneal epithelial defect led to anterior stromal discoloration; evaluate the prevalence of hot tea compress use; and analyze, in vitro, the discoloring effect of tea compresses on a model of a porcine eye...
March 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454188/metabolic-profiling-of-hoodia-chamomile-terminalia-species-and-evaluation-of-commercial-preparations-using-ultrahigh-performance-liquid-chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry
#5
Bharathi Avula, Yan-Hong Wang, Giorgis Isaac, Jimmy Yuk, Mark Wrona, Kate Yu, Ikhlas A Khan
Ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-QToF-MS) profiling was used for the identification of marker compounds and generation of metabolic patterns that could be interrogated using chemometric modeling software. UHPLC-QToF-MS was used to generate comprehensive fingerprints of three botanicals (Hoodia, Terminalia, and chamomile), each having different classes of compounds. Detection of a broad range of ions was carried out in full scan mode in both positive and negative modes over the range m/z 100-1700 using high-resolution mass spectrometry...
April 28, 2017: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444161/odor-perception-by-dogs-evaluating-two-training-approaches-for-odor-learning-of-sniffer-dogs
#6
Carola Fischer-Tenhagen, Dorothea Johnen, Wolfgang Heuwieser, Roland Becker, Kristin Schallschmidt, Irene Nehls
In this study, a standardized experimental set-up with various combinations of herbs as odor sources was designed. Two training approaches for sniffer dogs were compared; first, training with a pure reference odor, and second, training with a variety of odor mixtures with the target odor as a common denominator. The ability of the dogs to identify the target odor in a new context was tested. Six different herbs (basil, St. John's wort, dandelion, marjoram, parsley, ribwort) were chosen to produce reference materials in various mixtures with (positive) and without (negative) chamomile as the target odor source...
June 1, 2017: Chemical Senses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436282/the-effect-of-chamomile-extract-obtained-in-supercritical-carbon-dioxide-conditions-on-physicochemical-and-usable-properties-of-pharmaceutical-ointments
#7
Emilia Klimaszewska, Artur Seweryn, Anna Małysa, Małgorzata Zięba, Joanna Lipińska
The study investigated the effect of chamomile extract obtained in supercritical carbon dioxide conditions on the basic properties of pharmaceutical ointments. A total of five formulations were designed and prepared, differing in the weight ratio of sunflower oil to chamomile extract (5:0; 3.5:1.5; 2.5:2.5; 1.5:3.5 and 0:5). An increase in the concentration of chamomile extract was found to be accompanied by a decrease in hardness, adhesive power and flow limit. Based on viscosity measurements it was shown that ointments containing the hydrophobic plant extract under study were prone to larger drops in viscosity under the effect of the set shear rate...
April 22, 2017: Pharmaceutical Development and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426414/amoebicidal-activity-of-%C3%AE-bisabolol-the-main-sesquiterpene-in-chamomile-matricaria-recutita-l-essential-oil-against-the-trophozoite-stage-of-acanthamoeba-castellani-neff
#8
Soumaya Hajaji, Ines Sifaoui, Atteneri López-Arencibia, María Reyes-Batlle, Basilio Valladares, José E Pinero, Jacob Lorenzo-Morales, Hafidh Akkari
Acanthamoeba genus includes opportunistic pathogens which are distributed worldwide and are causative agents of a fatal encephalitis and severe keratitis in humans and other animals. Until present there are not fully effective therapeutic agents against this pathogen and thus the need to search for novel anti-amoebic compounds is urgent. Recently, essential oils of aromatic and medicinal plants have shown activity against Acanthamoeba strains. Therefore, this study was aimed to evaluate the activity of main component of chamomile essential oil (a sesquiterpene) namely α-bisabolol against the Acanthamoeba castellani Neff strain...
June 1, 2017: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413677/management-of-afatinib-induced-stomatitis
#9
Saeko Kato, Anna Saito, Naomi Matsuda, Hisako Suzuki, Midori Ujiie, Shinya Sato, Kunihiko Miyazaki, Takahide Kodama, Hiroaki Satoh
Severe stomatitis may lead to the need to interrupt or discontinue cancer therapy and, thus, may affect control of the primary disease. Stomatitis may also increase the risk of local and systemic infection and significantly affects the quality of life and the cost of care. The present study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of two traditional herbal medicines in controlling treatment-induced stomatitis in a small cohort of lung cancer patients treated with afatinib. All patients who were treated with afatinib for epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutated nonsmallcell lung cancer (NSCLC) between January, 2015 and March, 2016, were included in this study...
April 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364317/herbal-use-and-medical-pluralism-among-latinos-in-southern-california
#10
Nipher M Malika, Arti K Desai, Juan Carlos Belliard
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is often used alongside conventional medical care, yet few patients disclose CAM use to medical doctors. Our objectives were to (1) assess Latino herbal use, (2) explore the most commonly used herbs for common ailments, and (3) examine patients' disclosure of herb use to their physicians. Self-administered questionnaires were collected from 318 Latino patients seeking treatment at community health centers. Descriptive statistical analysis was conducted to determine the frequency of stated objectives among the participants...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362469/control-of-natural-microorganisms-in-chamomile-chamomilla-recutita-l-by-gamma-ray-and-electron-beam-irradiation
#11
Mahfouz Al-Bachir
BACKGROUND: Microbial contamination levels and corresponding sensitivities to gamma rays (GR) and elec- tron beam (EB) irradiation were tested in chamomile (Chamomile recutta L.). METHODS: Chamomile powders were treated with 10 and 20 kGy by GR and EB, respectively. Microbiological and chemical analyses were performed on controls and treated samples immediately after irradiation, and after 12 months of storage. RESULTS: The control samples of chamomile exhibited rather high microbiological contamination, exceeding the levels of 4 log10 CFU g-1   (CFU - colony forming units) reported by national and international authorities as the maximum permissible total count level...
January 2017: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343686/analysis-of-essential-oils-and-fragrances-with-a-new-generation-of-highly-inert-gas-chromatographic-columns-coated-with-ionic-liquids
#12
Cecilia Cagliero, Carlo Bicchi, Chiara Cordero, Erica Liberto, Patrizia Rubiolo, Barbara Sgorbini
In the fields of essential oils and fragrances, samples often consist of mixtures of compounds with similar structural and physical characteristics (e.g. mono- and sesquiterpenoids), whose correct identification closely depends on the synergic combination of chromatographic and mass spectral data. This sample complexity means that new GC stationary phases with different selectivities are continually being investigated. Ionic liquids (ILs) are of great interest as GC stationary phases in this field because of their selectivity (significantly different than that of currently phases) and their high temperature stability...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338538/allergenic-ingredients-in-facial-wet-wipes
#13
Kelly A Aschenbeck, Erin M Warshaw
BACKGROUND: Allergic contact dermatitis commonly occurs on the face. Facial cleansing wipes may be an underrecognized source of allergens. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of potentially allergenic ingredients in facial wet wipes. METHODS: Ingredient lists from name brand and generic facial wipes from 4 large retailers were analyzed. RESULTS: In the 178 facial wipes examined, a total of 485 ingredients were identified (average, 16...
March 23, 2017: Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338537/allergenic-ingredients-in-personal-hygiene-wet-wipes
#14
Kelly A Aschenbeck, Erin M Warshaw
BACKGROUND: Wet wipes are a significant allergen source for anogenital allergic contact dermatitis. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to calculate the frequency of potentially allergenic ingredients in personal hygiene wet wipes. METHODS: Ingredient lists from brand name and generic personal hygiene wet wipes from 4 large retailers were compiled. RESULTS: In the 54 personal hygiene wet wipes evaluated, a total of 132 ingredients were identified (average of 11...
March 23, 2017: Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331911/medicinal-plants-used-in-traditional-herbal-medicine-in-the-province-of-chimborazo-ecuador
#15
Fátima Morales, Susana Padilla, Félix Falconí
BACKGROUND: Phyto-therapy studies on Chimborazo province in Ecuador are really limited. This area, located within the Andes, is considered a millenarian and intercultural province, where multiples cultures and ethnic groups coexist. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted through direct interviews with 84 ancestral healers from the Province of Chimborazo, Ecuador. RESULTS: We presented ten most used species by ancestral healers of Chimborazo province to cure different illnesses and their medicinal uses...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326753/effects-of-essential-oil-exposure-on-salivary-estrogen-concentration-in-perimenopausal-women
#16
Kazuyuki Shinohara, Hirokazu Doi, Chizu Kumagai, Erika Sawano, Wataru Tarumi
OBJECTIVES: The menopausal transition is the time from the onset of menstrual changes until one year after the final menstrual period. During this phase, perimenopausal women experience a variety of health-related symptoms, which seemingly derive from declining level of estrogen secretion. It has long been recognized that some essential oils have the efficacy of alleviating menopausal symptoms. On the basis of this, it is possible that these essential oils have the potency to facilitate estrogen secretion in women...
January 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299294/the-effect-of-chamomile-cream-on-episiotomy-pain-in-primiparous-women-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Maryam Aradmehr, Sedigheh Azhari, Sedigheh Ahmadi, Elham Azmoude
Introduction: Episiotomy is a surgical incision made in the perineum to enlarge it. Perineal pain is the most common complaint of mothers after episiotomy. Chamomile extract has been proposed as a sedative in traditional medicine. This study was conducted to assess the effect of chamomile cream on the pain after episiotomy. Methods: This triple blind clinical trial was performed on 114 eligible women at Ommolbanin Hospital in Mashhad, Iran in 2014.They were randomly assigned to two groups using random blocks...
March 2017: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278495/antioxidant-supplements-and-gastrointestinal-diseases-a-critical-appraisal
#18
Islam Khan, Sue E Samson, Ashok Kumar Grover
The gastrointestinal tract digests and absorbs dietary nutrients, protects the body against physical and chemical damage from contents in its lumen, provides immunity against external antigens, and keeps an optimum environment for the gut microbiota. These functions cannot be performed normally in several diseases of which the following are discussed here: irritable bowel syndrome and inflammatory bowel disease, which includes Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Because these diseases are associated with oxidative stress, a host of antioxidant supplements are used for maintenance and recovery of the gut functions...
2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264206/chamomile-flower-myrrh-and-coffee-charcoal-components-of-a-traditional-herbal-medicinal-product-diminish-proinflammatory-activation-in-human-macrophages
#19
Cica Vissiennon, Dima Hammoud, Steffen Rodewald, Karin Fester, Karl-Heinz Goos, Karen Nieber, Jürgen Arnhold
A traditional herbal medicinal product, containing myrrh, chamomile flower, and coffee charcoal, has been used in Germany for the relief of gastrointestinal complaints for decades. Clinical studies suggest its use in the maintenance therapy of inflammatory bowel disease. However, the pharmacological mechanisms underlying the clinical effects are not yet fully understood.The present study aims to elucidate immunopharmacological activities of myrrh, chamomile flower, and coffee charcoal by studying the influence of each plant extract on gene expression and protein release of activated human macrophages...
March 6, 2017: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250660/the-hydroalcoholic-extract-of-matricaria-chamomilla-suppresses-migration-and-invasion-of-human-breast-cancer-mda-mb-468-and-mcf-7-cell-lines
#20
Mohsen Nikseresht, Ali Mohammad Kamali, Hamid Reza Rahimi, Hamdollah Delaviz, Mehdi Akbartabar Toori, Iraj Ragerdi Kashani, Reza Mahmoudi
BACKGROUND: Matricaria chamomilla is an aromatic plant with antioxidant, anticancer, and anti-inflammatory properties. However, the inhibitory role of M. chamomilla on migration and invasion of human breast cancer cells remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the methods to evaluate these anticancer mechanisms of M. chamomilla on human breast cancer MCF-7 and MDA-MB-468 cell lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cells were treated with hydroalcoholic extract of M...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
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