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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539031/-micrometastasis-in-gastric-cancer
#1
REVIEW
Gun Jung Youn, Woo Chul Chung
Although the incidence and mortality rate of gastric cancer have been steadily declining, gastric cancer is still the fourth most common cancer in the world and more than 50% of cases occur in Eastern Asia. In Korea, gastric cancer is the second most common cancer and third cause of cancer related death. The standard surgical procedure for resectable advanced gastric cancer is D2 lymphadenectomy with radical gastrectomy. Even though R0 resection was completed, recurrence is relatively common, and contributes to the limited survival of the patients in gastric cancer...
May 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538841/-nutritional-traffic-light-system-for-processed-foods-qualitative-study-of-awareness-understanding-attitudes-and-practices-in-ecuador
#2
Wilma B Freire, William F Waters, Gabriela Rivas-Mariño
Objectives.: To analyze awareness, understanding, attitudes, and practices related to the nutritional traffic light system (NTLS) on processed food packaging in Ecuador. Materials and methods.: 21 discussions were held in focus groups (FG) in populations of various sizes in the coastal, mountainous, and eastern regions. Nine interviews were conducted with key informants (KI) representing large, medium, and small enterprises producing or selling processed foods. Results...
January 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535450/the-global-burden-of-fatal-self-poisoning-with-pesticides-2006-15-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Emma J Mew, Prianka Padmanathan, Flemming Konradsen, Michael Eddleston, Shu-Sen Chang, Michael R Phillips, David Gunnell
BACKGROUND: Agricultural pesticide poisoning is a major contributor to the global burden of suicide. Over the last decade there has been a marked decrease in the incidence of suicide worldwide. It is unclear whether pesticide poisoning still plays a significant role in the global incidence of suicide. METHODS: WHO method-specific suicide data were supplemented by a systematic review of the literature between 2006 and 2015, including searches of thirteen electronic databases and Google, citation searching and a review of reference lists and personal collections...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534765/the-animal-kingdom-is-also-a-bioengineering-field-exploring-the-art-and-science-of-vetinary-medicine-retrospectroscope
#4
Max E Valentinuzzi
Medical science developed in tandem with the evolution of biological species and their associated diseases. Because of the close interaction between humans and other animals, even those in the wild, taking care of the former also means caring for the latter. Several scientific forerunners delved into animals' anatomical and physiological secrets in their quest to better understand animal biology and functions, thereby laying the foundation for animal medicine. Here, I briefly explore the long and complex road that led to the current state of veterinary science and provide a few examples of its present standing...
May 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534704/associations-of-cyp4a11-gene-gene-and-gene-smoking-interactions-with-essential-hypertension-in-the-male-eastern-chinese-han-population
#5
Huimin Zhang, Limin Jin, Tonglu Mu, Yingying Fan, Haiyang Zhang, Yuhua Zhu, Xujie Mao, Rong Li, Siyuan Tang
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of CYP4A11 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP), additional gene-gene and gene-environment interactions on essential hypertension (EH) risk. METHODS: A total of 1648 participants (788 males, 860 females), with a mean age of 56.1 ± 14.1 years old, were selected, including 820 EH patients and 828 normotension subjects. Logistic regression was performed to investigate association of SNPs within CYP4A11 gene with high DBP, high SBP and EH risk, and generalized multifactor dimensionality reduction (GMDR) was used to analyze the gene-gene interaction and gene-smoking interaction...
May 23, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534384/global-knowledge-of-medicine-experiences-from-tuzla-and-banjaluka-bosnia-herzegovina
#6
Rajko Igić
When English became lingua franca, a significant change in the language of scientific publication in Central and Eastern European countries occurred; many journals instead of the local language, and German, French or Russian used English. The shift occurred due to the intention of both the journal editors and contributors to achieve international recognition and inclusion of the journal in prestigious international medical databases. As a consequence, publications in English are cited on average six times more frequently than those in German, Japanese or French...
March 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534269/water-quality-trend-and-change-point-analyses-using-integration-of-locally-weighted-polynomial-regression-and-segmented-regression
#7
Hong Huang, Zhenfeng Wang, Fang Xia, Xu Shang, YuanYuan Liu, Minghua Zhang, Randy A Dahlgren, Kun Mei
Trend and change-point analyses of water quality time series data have important implications for pollution control and environmental decision-making. This paper developed a new approach to assess trends and change-points of water quality parameters by integrating locally weighted polynomial regression (LWPR) and segmented regression (SegReg). Firstly, LWPR was used to pretreat the original water quality data into a smoothed time series to represent the long-term trend of water quality. Then, SegReg was used to identify the long-term trends and change-points of the smoothed time series...
May 23, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533179/polymorphisms-in-pfdhfr-and-pfdhps-genes-after-five-years-of-artemisinin-combination-therapy-act-implementation-from-urban-kolkata-india
#8
Moytrey Chatterjee, Swagata Ganguly, Pabitra Saha, Subhasish K Guha, Ardhendu Kumar Maji
BACKGROUND: In India, sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) is now in use as a partner drug of ACT (AS+SP) to treat uncomplicated falciparum malaria since 2010. Declined trend of AS+SP efficacy has been reported from north-eastern states of the country. It is not possible to determine the efficacy of SP alone from any study with ACT. So, this work was designed to study the pattern of polymorphisms in pfdhfr and pfdhps genes to predict the SP resistance status among parasite population of urban Kolkata after five years of ACT implementation...
May 19, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533083/another-look-at-the-phylogenetic-relationships-and-intercontinental-biogeography-of-eastern-asian-north-american-rhus-gall-aphids-hemiptera-aphididae-eriosomatinae-evidence-from-mitogenome-sequences-via-genome-skimming
#9
Zhumei Ren, A J Harris, Rebecca B Dikow, Enbo Ma, Yang Zhong, Jun Wen
The Rhus gall aphids are sometimes referred to as subtribe Melaphidina (Aphididae: Eriosomatinae: Fordini) and comprise a unique group that forms galls on the primary host plants, Rhus. We examined the evolutionary relationships within the Melaphidina aphids using sequences of the complete mitochondrial genome and with samples of 11 of the 12 recognized species representing all six genera. Bayesian, maximum likelihood and parsimony analyses of the mitochondrial genome data support five well-supported clades within Melaphidina: (1) Nurudea (except N...
May 19, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532792/preparation-for-emergence-of-an-eastern-european-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus-prrsv-strain-in-western-europe-immunization-with-modified-live-virus-vaccines-or-a-field-strain-confers-partial-protection
#10
P Renson, C Fablet, M Le Dimna, S Mahé, F Touzain, Y Blanchard, F Paboeuf, N Rose, O Bourry
The porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) causes huge economic losses for the swine industry worldwide. In the past several years, highly pathogenic strains that lead to even greater losses have emerged. For the Western European swine industry, one threat is the possible introduction of Eastern European PRRSV strains (example Lena genotype 1.3) which were shown to be more virulent than common Western resident strains under experimental conditions. To prepare for the possible emergence of this strain in Western Europe, we immunized piglets with a Western European PRRSV field strain (Finistere: Fini, genotype 1...
May 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532521/animal-board-invited-review-sheep-birth-distribution-in-past-herds-a-review-for-prehistoric-europe-6th-to-3rd-millennia-bc
#11
M Balasse, A Tresset, A Bălăşescu, E Blaise, C Tornero, H Gandois, D Fiorillo, É Á Nyerges, D Frémondeau, E Banffy, M Ivanova
In temperate latitudes sheep have a seasonal reproductive behaviour, which imposes strong constraints on husbandry in terms of work organization and availability of animal products. During the last 50 years, researchers have focused on understanding the mechanisms driving small ruminants' reproduction cycles and finding ways to control them. This characteristic is inherited from their wild ancestor. However, the history of its evolution over the 10 millennia that separates present day European sheep from their Near Eastern ancestors' remains to be written...
May 23, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532433/partnering-with-women-collectives-for-delivering-essential-women-s-nutrition-interventions-in-tribal-areas-of-eastern-india-a-scoping-study
#12
Vani Sethi, Arti Bhanot, Surbhi Bhalla, Sourav Bhattacharjee, Abner Daniel, Deepika Mehrish Sharma, Rajkumar Gope, Saba Mebrahtu
BACKGROUND: We examined the feasibility of engaging women collectives in delivering a package of women's nutrition messages/services as a funded stakeholder in three tribal-dominated districts of Odisha, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh States, in eastern India. These districts have high prevalence of child stunting and poor government service outreach. METHODS: Conducted between July 2014 and March 2015, an exploratory mix-methods design was adopted (review of coverage data and government reports, field interviews and focus group discussion with multiple stakeholders and intended communities) to assess coverage of women's nutrition services...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532428/practices-of-lyme-disease-diagnosis-and-treatment-by-general-practitioners-in-quebec-2008-2015
#13
Salima Gasmi, Nicholas H Ogden, Patrick A Leighton, Ariane Adam-Poupart, François Milord, L Robbin Lindsay, Sapha Barkati, Karine Thivierge
BACKGROUND: Lyme disease (LD), a multisystem infection caused by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto (B. burgdorferi), is the most reported vector-borne disease in North America, and by 2020, 80% of the population in central and eastern Canada could live in LD risk areas. Among the key factors for minimising the impact of LD are the accurate diagnosis and appropriate management of patients bitten by ticks. In this study, the practices of Quebec general practitioners (GPs) on LD diagnosis and management of patients bitten by infected ticks are described...
May 22, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532427/microrna-275-and-its-target-vitellogenin-2-are-crucial-in-ovary-development-and-blood-digestion-of-haemaphysalis-longicornis
#14
Jiawei Hao, Jin Luo, Ze Chen, Qiaoyun Ren, Jinxia Guo, Xiaocui Liu, Qiuyu Chen, Feng Wu, Zhen Wang, Jianxun Luo, Hong Yin, Hui Wang, Guangyuan Liu
BACKGROUND: The hard tick Haemaphysalis longicornis is widely distributed in eastern Asia, New Zealand and Australia and is considered the major vector of Theileria and Babesia, harmful parasites to humans and animals. Female ticks need successful blood meals to complete the life-cycle. Therefore, elucidation of the underlying molecular mechanisms of H. longicornis development and reproduction is considered important for developing control strategies against the tick and tick-borne pathogens...
May 22, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532291/using-key-informant-method-to-determine-the-prevalence-and-causes-of-childhood-blindness-in-south-eastern-nigeria
#15
Ada E Aghaji, Ifeoma R Ezegwui, Jude O Shiweobi, Cyril C Mamah, Mary N Okoloagu, Ernest N Onwasigwe
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence and causes of childhood blindness in an underserved community in south-eastern Nigeria using the key informant method. METHODS: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study. Key informants (KI) appointed by their respective communities received 1-day training on identification of blind children in their communities. Two weeks later, the research team visited the agreed sites within the community and examined the identified children...
May 22, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531303/varietal-preferences-and-within-orchard-and-tree-distribution-of-newly-recorded-gall-midges-dasineura-amaramanjarae-and-procontarinia-mangiferae-diptera-cecidomyiidae-from-commercial-mango-cultivars-in-pakistan
#16
H M Rehman, R Mahmood, M Razaq, R Saeed, M Jamil, G V P Reddy
Gall midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) damage mango by feeding on flowers and fruit tissues, inducing galls on leaves, and providing inoculums of anthracnose. Dasineura amaramanjarae Grover and Procontarinia mangiferae (Felt), two gall midges that damage flowers in all mango-growing areas of the world, have recently been recorded in Pakistan, and studies were conducted in 2011 and 2012 on the within-tree and orchard distribution patterns and cultivar preference of both species in Pakistan at one location (Rahim Yar Khan)...
May 22, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531177/geographical-trends-of-pfas-in-cod-livers-along-the-norwegian-coast
#17
Stig Valdersnes, Bente M Nilsen, Joar F Breivik, Asbjørn Borge, Amund Maage
The level of perfluorinated alkyl substances (PFAS) was determined in North East Arctic cod (Gadus morhua) liver samples from 15 Norwegian fjords and harbors. Five harbors in the eastern part of Norway, six harbors in the western part and four harbours in the northern part. A total of 200 samples were analyzed for 16 PFAS. Determination of PFAS were carried out by LC-MS/MS following sample clean up by solid phase extraction and ultracentrifugation. The predominating PFAS was PFOS, which was found to be higher than the level of quantification (1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530040/adolescents-with-hiv-and-transition-to-adult-care-in-the-caribbean-central-america-and-south-america-eastern-europe-and-asia-and-pacific-regions
#18
Heather Bailey, Maria Letícia Santos Cruz, Wipaporn Natalie Songtaweesin, Thanyawee Puthanakit
INTRODUCTION: The HIV epidemics in the Caribbean, Central America and South America (CCASA), Eastern Europe (EE) and Asia and Pacific (AP) regions are diverse epidemics affecting different key populations in predominantly middle-income countries. This narrative review describes the populations of HIV-positive youth approaching adolescence and adulthood in CCASA, EE and AP, what is known of their outcomes in paediatric and adult care to date, ongoing research efforts and future research priorities...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529992/minimally-invasive-surgery-for-gastric-cancer-in-usa-current-status-and-future-perspectives
#19
REVIEW
Ashley Russo, Vivian E Strong
The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared gastric carcinoma a global health concern and gastric cancer remains the third leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. With the rising incidence of gastric cancer, a body of both retrospective and randomized data has emerged since the early 1990's evaluating the role of minimally invasive platforms in the management of gastric cancer. While Eastern studies have shown that the laparoscopic approach is safe and feasible for advanced gastric cancer in Eastern patients, it is not clear whether this is true for patients in the West...
2017: Translational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529747/amrubicin-monotherapy-may-be-an-effective-second-line-treatment-for-patients-with-large-cell-neuroendocrine-carcinoma-or-high-grade-non-small-cell-neuroendocrine-carcinoma
#20
Norimitsu Kasahara, Kazushige Wakuda, Shota Omori, Kazuhisa Nakashima, Akira Ono, Tetsuhiko Taira, Hirotsugu Kenmotsu, Tateaki Naito, Haruyasu Murakami, Keita Mori, Reiko Watanabe, Masahiro Endo, Takashi Nakajima, Masanobu Yamada, Toshiaki Takahashi
There is no standard chemotherapy for pulmonary large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) and this type of cancer is difficult to diagnose using biopsy specimens. At the Shizuoka Cancer Center, when small biopsy specimens are used, they are diagnosed as high-grade non-small-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (HNSCNEC) and the patients are treated according to the small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) guidelines. Amrubicin is an effective second-line treatment for patients with SCLC, although it remains unclear whether amrubicin monotherapy is effective for patients with LCNEC or HNSCNEC...
May 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
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