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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343324/a-new-species-of-neocosmocercella-baker-vaucher-1983-nematoda-cosmocercidae-a-parasite-of-phyllomedusa-vaillantii-boulenger-anura-phyllomedusidae-in-the-caxiuan%C3%A3-national-forest-eastern-amazon-brazil
#1
Ana Nunes Dos Santos, Allan Rodrigo Oliveira Rodrigues, Jeannie Nascimento Dos Santos, Cynthya Elizabeth González, Francisco Tiago de Vasconcelos Melo
Neocosmocercella bakeri n. sp. is described from the large intestine of Phyllomedusa vaillantii Boulenger collected in the Caxiuanã National Forest in the Eastern Brazilian Amazon. The new species is easily distinguished from the type-species of the genus, Neocosmocercella paraguayensis Baker & Vaucher, 1983 in possessing a triangular mouth opening with three simple lips (vs three bi-lobed lips and hexagonal mouth opening) and somatic papillae, which are absent in N. paraguayensis. The males of the new species are distinguished by the distribution of the sessile cloacal papillae and the dimensions of the gubernaculum, whereas the females are distinguished by their smaller size and opisthodelphic uterus...
March 25, 2017: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343258/variation-of-antibiotic-consumption-and-its-correlated-factors-in-turkey
#2
Ayfer Sahin, Ahmet Akici, Volkan Aydin, Bahar Melik, Mesil Aksoy, Ali Alkan
BACKGROUND: Presentation of antibiotic utilization data by reliable and comparable analyses constitutes an important way of ensuring rational use of antibiotics. This study aimed to evaluate antibiotic consumption (AC) of Turkey by each city/region and to investigate any association of such consumption with socio-economic factors. METHOD: For 81 provinces and 12 regions in Turkey, AC data from IMS (Intercontinental Medical Statistics) in 2011 was analyzed in accordance with "ATC/DDD, DID" (Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical/Defined Daily Doses, DID = DDD/1000 inhabitants/day) methodology supported by World Health Organization...
March 25, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342342/radon-concentration-distributions-in-shallow-and-deep-groundwater-around-the-tachikawa-fault-zone
#3
Fumiaki Tsunomori, Tomoya Shimodate, Tomoki Ide, Hidemi Tanaka
Groundwater radon concentrations around the Tachikawa fault zone were surveyed. The radon concentrations in shallow groundwater samples around the Tachikawa fault segment are comparable to previous studies. The characteristics of the radon concentrations on both sides of the segment are considered to have changed in response to the decrease in groundwater recharge caused by urbanization on the eastern side of the segment. The radon concentrations in deep groundwater samples collected around the Naguri and the Tachikawa fault segments are the same as those of shallow groundwater samples...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339976/effects-of-two-different-broiler-flooring-systems-on-production-performances-welfare-and-environment-under-commercial-production-conditions
#4
H Li, X Wen, R Alphin, Z Zhu, Z Zhou
Research comparing conventional litter and alternative perforated flooring (netting) systems is relatively limited under commercial production conditions. A comprehensive comparison of broiler production performances, welfare quality, and housing environment of two broiler houses with conventional litter and new perforated plastic floors was conducted over four flocks for eight months in eastern China. The two broiler houses each had 31,700 broilers per flock on average and were ventilated using a negative-pressure system...
March 3, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339722/prevalence-and-drug-resistance-of-avian-eimeria-species-in-broiler-chicken-farms-of-zhejiang-province-china
#5
L-H Lan, B-B Sun, B-X-Z Zuo, X-Q Chen, A-F Du
In this study, coccidia were isolated and identified from 5 main poultry farms located in Zhejiang province, eastern China. The overall prevalence of Eimeria spp. was 30.7% (95 of 310). Five common species were observed: E. tenella, E. acervulina, E. maxima, E. necatrix, and E. mitis. Two isolates (HZ and QZ) were tested for sensitivity to 8 anticoccidial drugs using 4 indexes including anticoccidial index (ACI), percent of optimum anticoccidial activity (POAA), reduction of lesion scores (RLS), and relative oocyst production (ROP): sulfachloropyrazine, toltrazuril, diclazuril, sulfamonomethoxine/trimethoprim, and amprolium; sulfaquinoxaline/sulfadimethoxine, nicarbazin, and halofuginone...
February 22, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339497/women-s-knowledge-and-perception-of-male-circumcision-before-and-after-its-roll-out-in-the-south-african-township-of-orange-farm-from-community-based-cross-sectional-surveys
#6
Barbara Maraux, Pascale Lissouba, Reathe Rain-Taljaard, Dirk Taljaard, Julie Bouscaillou, David Lewis, Adrian Puren, Bertran Auvert
The roll-out of medical male circumcision (MC) is progressing in Southern and Eastern Africa. Little is known about the effect of this roll-out on women. The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and perceptions of women regarding MC in a setting before and after the roll-out. This study was conducted in the South African township of Orange Farm where MC prevalence among men increased from 17% to 53% in the period 2008-2010. Data from three community-based cross sectional surveys conducted in 2007, 2010 and 2012 among 1258, 1197 and 2583 adult women, respectively were studied...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339135/integrated-models-to-support-multiobjective-ecological-restoration-decisions
#7
Hannah Fraser, Libby Rumpff, Jian D L Yen, Doug Robinson, Brendan A Wintle
Many objectives motivate ecological restoration including improving vegetation condition, increasing the range and abundance of threatened species, and improving aggregate measures of biodiversity such as richness and diversity. While ecological models have been used to examine the outcomes of ecological restoration, there are few attempts to develop models to account for multiple, potentially competing objectives. We develop the first predictive model that integrates a vegetation-focused state-and-transition model with species distribution models for birds...
March 24, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338112/pnpla3-and-rnf7-gene-variants-are-associated-with-the-risk-of-developing-liver-fibrosis-and-cirrhosis-in-an-eastern-european-population
#8
Juozas Kupcinskas, Irena Valantiene, Greta Varkalaitė, Ruta Steponaitiene, Jurgita Skieceviciene, Jolanta Sumskiene, Vitalija Petrenkiene, Jurate Kondrackiene, Gediminas Kiudelis, Frank Lammert, Limas Kupcinskas
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Genome-wide association studies have revealed an association between the risk of developing liver fibrosis or cirrhosis and the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the PNPLA3, RNF7, MERTK and PCSK7 genes. We aimed to validate these results in an Eastern European population. METHODS: We evaluated the associations between the PNPLA3 (rs738409), RNF7 (rs16851720), MERTK (rs4374383) and PCSK7 (rs236918) variants and liver fibrosis and cirrhosis in a series of consecutive patients recruited at the Department of Gastroenterology, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences Hospital, during the period 2012-2015...
March 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338047/automated-detection-and-enumeration-of-marine-wildlife-using-unmanned-aircraft-systems-uas-and-thermal-imagery
#9
A C Seymour, J Dale, M Hammill, P N Halpin, D W Johnston
Estimating animal populations is critical for wildlife management. Aerial surveys are used for generating population estimates, but can be hampered by cost, logistical complexity, and human risk. Additionally, human counts of organisms in aerial imagery can be tedious and subjective. Automated approaches show promise, but can be constrained by long setup times and difficulty discriminating animals in aggregations. We combine unmanned aircraft systems (UAS), thermal imagery and computer vision to improve traditional wildlife survey methods...
March 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337714/decreased-live-births-among-women-of-middle-eastern-north-african-ethnicity-compared-to-caucasian-women
#10
W H Salem, A Abdullah, O Abuzeid, K Bendikson, F I Sharara, M Abuzeid
PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to determine if IVF outcome disparities exist among MENA women in the USA in comparison to a control group of Caucasian women. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study comparing MENA (N = 190) and Caucasian (N = 200) women undergoing their first IVF cycle between 5/2006 and 5/2014 was carried out at an academically affiliated fertility practice. All MENA cycles during that time period undergoing IVF/ICSI using autologous embryos and blastocyst transfers were compared to a control group of Caucasian women...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337395/isolation-and-characterization-of-microsatellite-loci-for-smilax-sieboldii-smilacaceae
#11
Yalu Ru, Ruijing Cheng, Jing Shang, Yunpeng Zhao, Pan Li, Chengxin Fu
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Polymorphic microsatellite markers were developed for Smilax sieboldii (Smilacaceae), a member of the S. hispida group with a biogeographic disjunction between eastern Asia and North America, to study the phylogeography and incipient speciation of this species and its close relatives. METHODS AND RESULTS: Transcriptome sequencing produced 47,628 unigenes. Seventeen loci were developed from 122 randomly selected primer pairs. Polymorphism and genetic variation were evaluated for 68 accessions representing five populations of S...
March 2017: Applications in Plant Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337091/a-survey-of-disposition-of-physicians-towards-physical-activity-promotion-at-two-tertiary-hospitals-in-north-eastern-nigeria
#12
A Y Oyeyemi, R B Usman, A L Oyeyemi
BACKGROUND: A general presumption is that any advice from physicians would likely be taken seriously by patients, and patients are more likely to see their doctors in the event of any health complaints than any other health professionals. The perceptions and practice of Nigerian physicians on their role in physical activity promotion are not well known. This study aimed to determine the knowledge of physical activity message, confidence, role perceptions, barriers and feasibility of physical activity promotion among physicians in two tertiary health institutions in North-Eastern Nigeria...
December 2016: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336466/global-trends-and-predictions-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-mortality
#13
Paola Bertuccio, Federica Turati, Greta Carioli, Teresa Rodriguez, Carlo La Vecchia, Matteo Malvezzi, Eva Negri
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been one of the few cancers showing upward trends over recent decades in most countries, and is the third cause of cancer death worldwide. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We updated global trends in HCC mortality to 2014, and predicted trends in rates in the EU, USA and Japan to 2020, using data from the World Health Organization database. RESULTS: In EU men, mortality rates were stable in the last decade around 3...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336423/comparative-analysis-of-complete-genome-sequences-of-european-subtype-tick-borne-encephalitis-virus-strains-isolated-from-ixodes-persulcatus-ticks-long-tailed-ground-squirrel-spermophilus-undulatus-and-human-blood-in-the-asian-part-of-russia
#14
T V Demina, S E Tkachev, I V Kozlova, E K Doroshchenko, O V Lisak, O V Suntsova, M M Verkhozina, Yu P Dzhioev, A I Paramonov, A Y Tikunov, N V Tikunova, V I Zlobin, D Ruzek
Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) is divided into three subtypes: European (TBEV-Eu), Siberian (TBEV-Sib), and Far Eastern (TBEV-FE) subtypes. The geographical range of TBEV-Eu dominates in Europe, but this subtype is present focally across the whole non-tropical forested Eurasian belt, through Russia to South Korea. However, the TBEV-Eu strains isolated outside Europe remain poorly characterized. In this study, full-genome sequences of eight TBEV-Eu isolates were determined. These strains were isolated from Ixodes persulcatus ticks, long-tailed ground squirrel (Spermophilus undulatus), and human blood in the natural foci of Western and Eastern Siberia, Russia...
March 9, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336266/progesterone-and-estradiol-profiles-in-different-reproductive-stages-of-captive-collared-peccary-pecari-tajacu-females-assessed-by-fecal-metabolites
#15
Concepción Ahuja-Aguirre, Lorena López-deBuen, Susana Rojas-Maya, Bertha C Hernández-Cruz
The study determined the fecal progesterone and estradiol profiles in different reproductive stages of captive collared peccary (Pecari tajacu) females from eastern Mexico. Fifteen adult females were included. At the start of the study the females were either pregnant (early, mid, or late pregnancy), lactating, or non-lactating of unknown pregnancy status. Feces from each female were collected once a week during nine consecutive months to determine concentrations of fecal progesterone and estradiol metabolites using ELISA...
March 18, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336208/reducing-the-marine-debris-of-recreational-hoop-nets-in-south-eastern-australia
#16
Matt K Broadhurst, Russell B Millar
Alternative configurations of Australian recreational portunid hoop nets were investigated to address debris and selectivity issues. Four treatment nets (all comprising 152-mm polyamide-PA mesh) were assessed that differed in their twine (conventional multifilament vs new multi-monofilament) and fishing configuration (conventional conical vs inverted shapes). The conical multifilament design lost means (±SEs) of 130.6±23.1 and 5.3±1.2mm of twine 3-h soak(-1) when used to target Scylla serrata and Portunus pelagicus...
March 20, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336053/non-indigenous-predators-threaten-ecosystem-engineers-interactive-effects-of-green-crab-and-oyster-size-on-american-oyster-mortality
#17
Tyler R Pickering, Luke A Poirier, Timothy J Barrett, Shawn McKenna, Jeff Davidson, Pedro A Quijón
Non-indigenous green crabs (Carcinus maenas) are emerging as important predators of autogenic engineers like American oysters (Crassostrea virginica) throughout the eastern seaboard of Canada and the United States. To document the spreading distribution of green crabs, we carried out surveys in seven sites of Prince Edward Island during three fall seasons. To assess the potential impact of green crabs on oyster mortality in relation to predator and prey size, we conducted multiple predator-prey manipulations in the field and laboratory...
March 12, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335818/genotype-distribution-characteristics-of-multiple-human-papillomavirus-in-women-from-the-taihu-river-basin-on-the-coast-of-eastern-china
#18
Jing-Fen Lu, Guo-Rong Shen, Qiong Li, Xu Chen, Chun-Fang Ma, Tong-Hua Zhu
BACKGROUND: There is limited data on the genotype distribution of human papillomavirus (HPV) in the Taihu River Basin, home to 1.29 million people on the coast of eastern China. This study evaluated the prevalence and genotypes among different female age groups in this region. METHODS: Twenty-six HPV strains (low-risk HPV 6, 11, 40, 42, 44, 61, 73 and high-risk HPV 16, 18, 26, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 53, 55, 56, 58, 59, 66, 68, 82, and 83) were detected using Tellgenplex™ HPV technology in samples obtained from three clinical hospitals located in different regions of the Taihu Lake Basin...
March 23, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335791/fischer-s-plants-in-folk-beliefs-and-customs-a-previously-unknown-contribution-to-the-ethnobotany-of-the-polish-lithuanian-belarusian-borderland
#19
Monika Kujawska, Piotr Klepacki, Łukasz Łuczaj
BACKGROUND: Historical ethnobotanical studies are useful starting points for further diachronic analysis. The aim of this contribution is to present archival data from the Polish-Lithuanian-Belarusian borderland, which were collected by Adam Fischer, a Polish ethnographer from Lviv, in the 1930s. These data were originally gathered for publication in the first part of the Lexicon of Slavic beliefs and customs, dedicated to plant uses in traditional Slavonic culture. It was intended to be a joint international enterprise, but was never actually fulfilled...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335099/endoscopic-treatment-of-diverse-complications-caused-by-laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-banding-a-study-in-eastern-asia
#20
Su Young Kim, Kyong Yong Oh, Jun-Won Chung, Yoon Jae Kim, Kyoung Oh Kim, Kwang An Kwon, Dong Kyun Park, Kyoung Kon Kim, Seong Min Kim
Background/Aims: The use of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is increasing proportionally with the obesity epidemic. However, some postoperative complications have been highlighted as major problems associated with LAGB. There is no consensus concerning the endoscopic management of these adverse events. The aim of this study was to retrospectively review the feasibility and effectiveness of endoscopic treatment for LAGB complications. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 352 patients who underwent LAGB between 2011 and 2015...
March 24, 2017: Gut and Liver
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