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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161630/active-epilepsy-prevalence-the-treatment-gap-and-treatment-gap-risk-profile-in-eastern-china-a-population-based-study
#1
Xiaoyan Ding, Yang Zheng, Yi Guo, Chunhong Shen, Shan Wang, Feng Chen, Shengqiang Yan, Meiping Ding
We measured the prevalence of active epilepsy and investigated the treatment gap and treatment gap risk profile in eastern China. This was a cross-sectional population-based survey conducted in Zhejiang, China, from October 2013 to March 2014. A total 54,976 people were selected using multi-stage cluster sampling. A two-stage questionnaire-based process was used to identify patients with active epilepsy and to record their demographic, socioeconomic, and epilepsy-related features. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze risk factors of the treatment gap in eastern China, as adjusted for age and sex...
November 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161597/sustainability-of-mega-water-diversion-projects-experience-and-lessons-from-china
#2
Min Yu, Chaoran Wang, Yi Liu, Gustaf Olsson, Chunyan Wang
Water availability and water demand are not evenly distributed in time and space. Many mega water diversion projects have been launched to alleviate water shortages in China. This paper analyzes the temporal and spatial features of 59 mega water diversion projects in China using statistical analysis. The relationship between nine major basins is measured using a network analysis method, and the associated economic, environmental and social impacts are explored using an impact analysis method. The study finds the development of water diversion has experienced four stages in China, from a starting period through to a period of high-speed development...
November 18, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161324/patterns-and-determinants-of-plant-biodiversity-in-non-commercial-forests-of-eastern-china
#3
Chuping Wu, Mark Vellend, Weigao Yuan, Bo Jiang, Jiajia Liu, Aihua Shen, Jinliang Liu, Jinru Zhu, Mingjian Yu
Non-commercial forests represent important habitats for the maintenance of biodiversity and ecosystem function in China, yet no studies have explored the patterns and determinants of plant biodiversity in these human dominated landscapes. Here we test the influence of (1) forest type (pine, mixed, and broad-leaved), (2) disturbance history, and (3) environmental factors, on tree species richness and composition in 600 study plots in eastern China. In total, we found 143 species in 53 families of woody plants, with a number of species rare and endemic in the study region...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161110/biotechnological-applications-of-an-insect-specific-alphavirus
#4
Jesse H Erasmus, Scott C Weaver
The coupling of viral and arthropod host diversity, with evolving methods of virus discovery, has resulted in the identification and classification of a growing number of novel insect-specific viruses (ISVs) that appear to be evolutionarily related to many human pathogens but have either lost or have yet to gain the ability to replicate in vertebrates. The discovery of ISVs has raised many questions as to the origin and evolution of many human pathogenic viruses and points to the role that arthropods may play in this evolutionary process...
November 21, 2017: DNA and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160187/the-role-of-community-structure-in-shaping-african-fertility-pattern-evidence-from-demographic-and-health-surveys
#5
Clifford Odimegwu, Sunday A Adedini
Anthropological explanations of demographic outcomes have emphasized the need to understand how community structures contribute to those outcomes. However, studies on fertility dynamics in Africa have largely focused on micro-level factors, thus ignoring the influence of community contexts. Using the most recent Demographic and Health Survey data from Egypt (Northern Africa), Cameroon (Middle Africa), Kenya (Eastern Africa), Nigeria (Western Africa) and Zimbabwe (Southern Africa), the study employed multilevel Poisson regression models to examine the influence of community factors on African fertility levels and patterns...
November 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159440/identifying-and-assessing-human-activity-impacts-on-groundwater-quality-through-hydrogeochemical-anomalies-and-no3-nh4-and-cod-contamination-a-case-study-of-the-liujiang-river-basin-hebei-province-p-r-china
#6
Cong Peng, Jiang-Tao He, Man-Li Wang, Zhen-Guo Zhang, Lei Wang
In the face of rapid economic development and increasing human activity, the deterioration of groundwater quality has seriously affected the safety of the groundwater supply in eastern China. Identifying and assessing the impact of human activities is key to finding solutions to this problem. This study is an effort to scientifically and systematically identify and assess the influence of human activities on groundwater based on irregularities in hydrochemical properties and water contamination, which are considered to directly result from anthropogenic activity...
November 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159423/characterizing-pediatric-surgical-capacity-in-the-eastern-democratic-republic-of-congo-results-of-a-pilot-study
#7
Sarah B Cairo, Luc Malemo Kalisya, Richard Bigabwa, David H Rothstein
PURPOSE: Characterize pediatric surgical capacity in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to identify areas of potential improvement. METHODS: The Pediatric Personnel, Infrastructure, Procedures, Equipment, and Supplies (PediPIPES) survey was used in two representative eastern DRC provinces to assess existing surgical infrastructure and capacity. We compared our results to previously published reports from other sub-Saharan African countries. RESULTS: Fourteen hospitals in the eastern DRC and 37 in 19 sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries were compared...
November 20, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159213/dataset-generated-for-dissection-of-mechanisms-of-trypanothione-reductase-and-tryparedoxin-peroxidase-through-dynamic-network-analysis-and-simulations-in-leishmaniasis
#8
Anurag Kumar, Bhaskar Saha, Shailza Singh
Leishmaniasis is the second largest parasitic killer disease caused by the protozoan parasite Leishmania, transmitted by the bite of sand flies. It's endemic in the eastern India with 165.4 million populations at risk with the current drug regimen. Three forms of leishmaniasis exist in which cutaneous is the most common form caused by Leishmania major. Trypanothione Reductase (TryR), a flavoprotein oxidoreductase, unique to thiol redox system, is considered as a potential target for chemotherapy for trypanosomatids infection...
December 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159210/dataset-on-ground-radiometric-survey-in-part-of-the-eastern-dahomey-basin-sw-nigeria
#9
Kehinde D Oyeyemi, Ahzegbobor P Aizebeokhai, Oluwarotimi M Olofinnade
The dataset for this article contains the measured activity concentration of radionuclides and gamma-radiation dose rate obtained from the radiometric survey in Ota, Ado-Odo Local Government Area, Ogun State, Nigeria. The data were manually collected in fifty (50) locations using the Super SPEC RS-125 spectrometer for about three (3) weeks in January, 2017. The descriptive statistical analysis of the data were equally explored for possible statistical relationships. The field dataset is made available publicly for further extended analyses that can provide insights into the safety status of the study area from radiological health concerns...
December 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159026/highlights-for-the-6th-international-ion-channel-conference-ion-channel-structure-function-disease-and-therapeutics
#10
Limei Wang, Kewei Wang
To foster communication and interactions amongst international scholars and scientists in the field of ion channel research, the 6th International Ion Channel Conference (IICC-2017) was held between June 23-27, 2017 in the eastern coastal city of Qingdao, China. The meeting consisted of 450 attendees and 130 speakers and poster presenters. The program consisted of research progress, new findings and ongoing studies that were focused on (1) Ion channel structure and function; (2) Ion channel physiology and human diseases; (3) Ion channels as targets for drug discovery; (4) Technological advances in ion channel research...
November 2017: Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158967/bed-site-selection-by-a-subordinate-predator-an-example-with-the-cougar-puma-concolor-in-the-greater-yellowstone-ecosystem
#11
Anna Kusler, L Mark Elbroch, Howard Quigley, Melissa Grigione
As technology has improved, our ability to study cryptic animal behavior has increased. Bed site selection is one such example. Among prey species, bed site selection provides thermoregulatory benefits and mitigates predation risk, and may directly influence survival. We conducted research to test whether a subordinate carnivore also selected beds with similar characteristics in an ecosystem supporting a multi-species guild of competing predators. We employed a model comparison approach in which we tested whether cougar (Puma concolor) bed site attributes supported the thermoregulatory versus the predator avoidance hypotheses, or exhibited characteristics supporting both hypotheses...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158696/65plus-open-label-study-of-bevacizumab-in-combination-with-pemetrexed-or-pemetrexed-carboplatin-as-first-line-treatment-of-patients-with-advanced-or-recurrent-nonsquamous-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#12
Wolfgang Schuette, Claus-Peter Schneider, Walburga Engel-Riedel, Christian Schumann, Martin Kohlhaeufl, Monika Heidi Ursel Serke, Gert Hoeffken, Cornelius Kortsik, Martin Reck
Background: The aim of the study was to investigate in terms of noninferiority the efficacy and safety of a monochemotherapy regimen of pemetrexed plus bevacizumab (BevPem) versus carboplatin/pemetrexed plus bevacizumab (BevCPem) in elderly patients as first-line treatment for advanced metastatic or recurrent nonsquamous non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Materials and methods: 65Plus was a Phase III, randomized, open-label study. In total, 253 patients received BevPem (n=119) or BevCPem (n=134)...
2017: Lung Cancer: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158638/genetic-characterization-of-chayote-sechium-edule-jacq-swartz-landraces-of-north-eastern-hills-of-india-and-conservation-measure
#13
Veerendra Kumar Verma, Avinash Pandey, Anjani Kumar Jha, S V Ngachan
Chayote or chow-chow is an underutilized cucurbit vegetable crop, widely cultivated by farmers in the backyards and Jhum lands for its tender leaves, fruits and tuberous root. In order to initiate crop improvement program in this crop, the present study was undertaken to assess the genetic variations in the 74 chow-chow landraces collected from the North Eastern Hill region of India. Wide variations for fruit colors, fruit length (6.5-21.5 cm), fruit width (4.2-10.7 cm), fruit weight (60-560 g), vitamin-C (2...
October 2017: Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants: An International Journal of Functional Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158633/comprehensive-physiological-analyses-and-reactive-oxygen-species-profiling-in-drought-tolerant-rice-genotypes-under-salinity-stress
#14
Sahana Basu, Ranjan Kumar Giri, Ibtesham Benazir, Santosh Kumar, Ravi Rajwanshi, Sharad Kumar Dwivedi, Gautam Kumar
Rice being a staple cereal is extremely susceptible towards abiotic stresses. Drought and salinity are two vital factors limiting rice cultivation in Eastern Indo-Gangetic Plains (EIGP). Present study has intended to evaluate the consequences of salinity stress on selected drought tolerant rice genotypes at the most susceptible seedling stage with an aim to identify the potential multi-stress (drought and salt) tolerant rice genotype of this region. Genotypic variation was obvious in all traits related to drought and salt susceptibility...
October 2017: Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants: An International Journal of Functional Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158512/wild-bonobos-host-geographically-restricted-malaria-parasites-including-a-putative-new-laverania-species
#15
Weimin Liu, Scott Sherrill-Mix, Gerald H Learn, Erik J Scully, Yingying Li, Alexa N Avitto, Dorothy E Loy, Abigail P Lauder, Sesh A Sundararaman, Lindsey J Plenderleith, Jean-Bosco N Ndjango, Alexander V Georgiev, Steve Ahuka-Mundeke, Martine Peeters, Paco Bertolani, Jef Dupain, Cintia Garai, John A Hart, Terese B Hart, George M Shaw, Paul M Sharp, Beatrice H Hahn
Malaria parasites, though widespread among wild chimpanzees and gorillas, have not been detected in bonobos. Here, we show that wild-living bonobos are endemically Plasmodium infected in the eastern-most part of their range. Testing 1556 faecal samples from 11 field sites, we identify high prevalence Laverania infections in the Tshuapa-Lomami-Lualaba (TL2) area, but not at other locations across the Congo. TL2 bonobos harbour P. gaboni, formerly only found in chimpanzees, as well as a potential new species, Plasmodium lomamiensis sp...
November 21, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158414/molecular-basis-of-selective-resistance-of-the-bumblebee-binav1-sodium-channel-to-tau-fluvalinate
#16
Shaoying Wu, Yoshiko Nomura, Yuzhe Du, Boris S Zhorov, Ke Dong
Insecticides are widely used to control pests in agriculture and insect vectors that transmit human diseases. However, these chemicals can have a negative effect on nontarget, beneficial organisms including bees. Discovery and deployment of selective insecticides is a major mission of modern toxicology and pest management. Pyrethroids exert their toxic action by acting on insect voltage-gated sodium channels. Honeybees and bumblebees are highly sensitive to most pyrethroids, but are resistant to a particular pyrethroid, tau-fluvalinate (τ-FVL)...
November 20, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158378/kinship-structures-create-persistent-channels-for-language-transmission
#17
J Stephen Lansing, Cheryl Abundo, Guy S Jacobs, Elsa G Guillot, Stefan Thurner, Sean S Downey, Lock Yue Chew, Tanmoy Bhattacharya, Ning Ning Chung, Herawati Sudoyo, Murray P Cox
Languages are transmitted through channels created by kinship systems. Given sufficient time, these kinship channels can change the genetic and linguistic structure of populations. In traditional societies of eastern Indonesia, finely resolved cophylogenies of languages and genes reveal persistent movements between stable speech communities facilitated by kinship rules. When multiple languages are present in a region and postmarital residence rules encourage sustained directional movement between speech communities, then languages should be channeled along uniparental lines...
November 20, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158079/bone-metastases-as-the-only-metastatic-site-in-patients-with-urothelial-carcinoma-focus-on-a-special-patient-population
#18
Andrea Necchi, Gregory R Pond, Sumanta K Pal, Neeraj Agarwal, Daniel W Bowles, Elizabeth R Plimack, Evan Y Yu, Sylvain Ladoire, Jack Baniel, Simon Crabb, Gunter Niegisch, Sandy Srinivas, Dominik R Berthold, Jonathan E Rosenberg, Thomas Powles, Aristotelis Bamias, Lauren C Harshman, Joaquim Bellmunt, Matthew D Galsky
BACKGROUND: Patients with exclusive bone metastatic spread from urothelial carcinoma (UC) throughout their disease course represent a rare subgroup with unique clinical features. These patients deserved special consideration in a retrospective multicenter study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Analyses were made from a pool of 1911 patients with a diagnosis of metastatic UC, from 23 centers. Baseline characteristics, access to treatment, and outcomes were analyzed according to metastatic spread...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157733/using-environmental-isotopes-along-with-major-hydro-geochemical-compositions-to-assess-deep-groundwater-formation-and-evolution-in-eastern-coastal-china
#19
Naizheng Xu, Jianshi Gong, Guoqiang Yang
Hydrochemical analysis and environmental isotopic tracing are successfully applied to study groundwater evolution processes. Located in eastern China, the Jiangsu Coastal Plain is characterized by an extensively exploited deep groundwater system, and groundwater salinization has become the primary water environmental problem. This paper provides a case study on the use of a hydrochemical and environmental isotopic approach to assess possible mixing and evolution processes at Yoco Port, Jiangsu Province, China...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157269/biodiversity-seasonal-abundance-and-distribution-of-blackflies-diptera-simuliidae-in-six-different-regions-of-thailand
#20
Wichai Srisuka, Hiroyuki Takaoka, Yasushi Otsuka, Masako Fukuda, Sorawat Thongsahuan, Kritsana Taai, Atiporn Saeung
BACKGROUND: Blackflies are an important medical and veterinary group of small blood-sucking insects. Ninety-three blackfly species have been reported in Thailand. However, information on their biodiversity and population dynamics in each region is lacking. The main aim of this study was to assess the regional biodiversity, seasonal abundance and distribution of blackflies in six eco-geographically different regions in the country. METHODS: Blackfly larvae and pupae were sampled monthly from 58 sites between May 2011 and April 2013...
November 21, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
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