keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

beta vulgaris

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075052/functional-characterization-and-cell-specificity-of-bvsut1-the-transporter-that-loads-sucrose-into-the-phloem-of-sugar-beet-beta-vulgaris-l-source-leaves
#1
P Nieberl, C Ehrl, B Pommerrenig, D Graus, I Marten, B Jung, F Ludewig, W Koch, K Harms, U-I Flügge, E Neuhaus, R Hedrich, N Sauer
• Sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) is one of the most important sugar producing plants worldwide and provides about one third of the sugar consumed by humans. Here we report on the molecular characterization of the BvSUT1 gene and on the func- tional characterization of the encoded transporter. • In contrast to the recently identified, tonoplast-localized sucrose transporter BvTST2.1 from sugar beet taproots, which has evolved within the monosaccharide transporter (MST) superfamily, BvSUT1 represents a classical sucrose transporter and is a typical member of the disaccharide transporter (DST) superfamily...
January 11, 2017: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067065/the-investigation-of-antimicrobial-peptides-expression-and-its-related-interaction-with-methotrexate-treatment-in-patients-with-psoriasis-vulgaris
#2
Emin Ozlu, Ayse Serap Karadag, Seyma Ozkanli, Serpil Oguztuzun, Ozge Akbulak, Tugba Kevser Uzuncakmak, Serkan Demirkan, Necmettin Akdeniz
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a chronic, inflammatory and immune-mediated disease. Recently, the role of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) such as human beta defensins (hBDs) in the pathogenesis of psoriasis has been investigated. We aimed to evaluate the expression profiles of hBD-1 and hBD-2 in psoriatic skin before and after methotrexate (MTX) therapy and to compare healthy controls. METHODS: Immunohistochemical expressions of hBD-1 and hBD-2 were assessed in 16 patients with psoriasis vulgaris and 20 normal skin biopsies from healthy controls...
January 8, 2017: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057554/analysis-of-phylogenetic-relationships-and-genome-size-evolution-of-the-amaranthus-genus-using-gbs-indicates-the-ancestors-of-an-ancient-crop
#3
Markus G Stetter, Karl J Schmid
The genus Amaranthus consists of 50-70 species and harbors several cultivated and weedy species of great economic importance. A small number of suitable traits, phenotypic plasticity, gene flow and hybridization made it difficult to establish the taxonomy and phylogeny of the whole genus despite various studies using molecular markers. We inferred the phylogeny of the Amaranthus genus using genotyping by sequencing (GBS) of 94 genebank accessions representing 35 Amaranthus species and measured their genome sizes...
January 3, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025226/response-of-pemphigus-betae-hemiptera-aphididae-and-beneficial-epigeal-arthropod-communities-to-sugarbeet-plant-density-and-seed-applied-insecticide-in-western-nebraska
#4
R J Pretorius, G L Hein, E E Blankenship, F F Purrington, J D Bradshaw
This study investigated the impact of a neonicotinoid seed-applied insecticide (Poncho Beta) and two plant densities (86,487 and 61,776 plants per hectare) on the sugarbeet root aphid (Pemphigus betae Doane), beneficial epigeal arthropods, and selected crop yield parameters in sugarbeet (Beta vulgaris L. var. vulgaris). Ground beetles and centipedes were the most commonly collected taxa during 2012 and 2013, respectively. Centipede, spider, and rove beetle activity densities were not affected by the seed-applied insecticide, whereas plant density had a marginal effect on centipede activity density during 2012...
December 26, 2016: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019708/revealing-the-inventory-of-type-iii-effectors-in-pantoea-agglomerans-gall-forming-pathovars-by-using-draft-genome-sequences-and-a-machine-learning-approach
#5
Gal Nissan, Michael Gershovits, Michael Morozov, Laura Chalupowicz, Guido Sessa, Shulamit Manulis-Sasson, Isaac Barash, Tal Pupko
Pantoea agglomerans, a widespread epiphytic bacterium, has evolved into a hrp-dependent and host-specific gall-forming pathogen by acquiring a pathogenicity plasmid containing a type III secretion system (T3SS) and its effectors (T3Es). P. agglomerans pv. betae (Pab) elicits galls on beet (Beta vulgaris) and gypsophila (Gypsophila paniculata), whereas P. agglomerans pv. gypsophilae (Pag) incites galls on gypsophila and hypersensitive response (HR) on beet. Draft genome sequences were generated and employed in combination with a machine learning approach and a translocation assay into beet roots to identify the pools of T3Es in the two pathovars...
December 26, 2016: Molecular Plant Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927068/beetroot-beta-vulgaris-rescues-mice-from-%C3%AE-ray-irradiation-by-accelerating-hematopoiesis-and-curtailing-immunosuppression
#6
Jinhee Cho, So Jin Bing, Areum Kim, Nam Ho Lee, Sang-Hee Byeon, Gi-Ok Kim, Youngheun Jee
CONTEXT: Beetroot [Beta vulgaris Linné (Chenopodiaceae)], a vegetable usually consumed as a food or a medicinal plant in Europe, has been reported to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Since the lymphohematopoietic system is the most sensitive tissue to ionizing radiation, protecting it from radiation damage is one of the best ways to decrease detrimental effects from radiation exposure. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we evaluated the radio-protective effects of beetroot in hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and progenitor cells...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895650/a-detailed-analysis-of-the-br1-locus-suggests-a-new-mechanism-for-bolting-after-winter-in-sugar-beet-beta-vulgaris-l
#7
Conny Tränkner, Ioana M Lemnian, Nazgol Emrani, Nina Pfeiffer, Surya P Tiwari, Friedrich J Kopisch-Obuch, Sebastian H Vogt, Andreas E Müller, Markus Schilhabel, Christian Jung, Ivo Grosse
Sugar beet (Beta vulgaris ssp. vulgaris) is a biennial, sucrose-storing plant, which is mainly cultivated as a spring crop and harvested in the vegetative stage before winter. For increasing beet yield, over-winter cultivation would be advantageous. However, bolting is induced after winter and drastically reduces yield. Thus, post-winter bolting control is essential for winter beet cultivation. To identify genetic factors controlling bolting after winter, a F2 population was previously developed by crossing the sugar beet accessions BETA 1773 with reduced bolting tendency and 93161P with complete bolting after winter...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832171/drought-impact-is-alleviated-in-sugar-beets-beta-vulgaris-l-by-foliar-application-of-fullerenol-nanoparticles
#8
Milan Borišev, Ivana Borišev, Milan Župunski, Danijela Arsenov, Slobodanka Pajević, Živko Ćurčić, Jovica Vasin, Aleksandar Djordjevic
Over the past few years, significant efforts have been made to decrease the effects of drought stress on plant productivity and quality. We propose that fullerenol nanoparticles (FNPs, molecular formula C60(OH)24) may help alleviate drought stress by serving as an additional intercellular water supply. Specifically, FNPs are able to penetrate plant leaf and root tissues, where they bind water in various cell compartments. This hydroscopic activity suggests that FNPs could be beneficial in plants. The aim of the present study was to analyse the influence of FNPs on sugar beet plants exposed to drought stress...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814654/a-reciprocal-hla-disease-association-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-pemphigus-vulgaris
#9
Vincent Van Drongelen, Joseph Holoshitz
  Human leukocyte antigens (HLA) have been extensively studied as being antigen presenting receptors, but many aspects of their function remain elusive, especially their association with various autoimmune diseases. Here we discuss an illustrative case of the reciprocal relationship between certain HLA-DRB1 alleles and two diseases, rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and pemphigus vulgaris (PV). RA is strongly associated with HLA-DRB1 alleles that encode a five amino acid sequence motif in the 70-74 region of the DR beta chain, called the shared epitope (SE), while PV is associated with the HLA-DRB1*04:02 allele that encodes a different sequence motif in the same region...
January 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812566/betacyanins-enhance-vitexin-2-o-xyloside-mediated-inhibition-of-proliferation-of-t24-bladder-cancer-cells
#10
E S Scarpa, M Emanuelli, A Frati, V Pozzi, E Antonini, G Diamantini, G Di Ruscio, D Sartini, T Armeni, F Palma, P Ninfali
Betacyanins (BC) were purified from beetroot (Beta vulgaris var. rubra L.) and tested, alone or in combination with vitexin-2-O-xyloside (XVX) from Beta vulgaris var. cicla L., for their ability to reduce the proliferation rate in T24 bladder cancer cells. Combination of BC and XVX exhibited a synergistic effect concerning the inhibition of proliferation in T24 cancer cells at 24 and 48 h but not after 72 h of incubation. The induction of apoptosis was evidenced by means of fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS) analysis, as well as through the increase in caspase 3 and 8 activities...
December 7, 2016: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777456/emerging-technique-for-healthier-frying-for-production-of-reduced-fat-beetroot-beta-vulgaris-chips
#11
Praneeth Juvvi, A Chakkaravarthi, Sukumar Debnath
In the present work, the processing variables were optimized to retain betalain compound and their effect on quality attributes (oil content, breaking force and color) of fried beetroot chips. The beetroot slices were fried in lab scale vacuum fryer. Experimental design with temperature (86-153 °C), absolute pressure (1.3-9.7 kPa) and frying time (2.6-9.4 min) as independent variables which produced 20 different combinations, were studied using response surface methodology to study the effect of these variables on product responses...
September 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769229/herbal-remedies-and-functional-foods-used-by-cancer-patients-attending-specialty-oncology-clinics-in-trinidad
#12
Yuri N Clement, Varune Mahase, Annelise Jagroop, Kelly Kissoon, Aarti Maharaj, Prashant Mathura, Chrys Mc Quan, Divya Ramadhin, Cherrista Mohammed
BACKGROUND: Cancer is a major disease worldwide, and many patients use complementary and alternative treatments. The purpose of this study was to identify the herbal remedies and functional foods used as complementary medicine by prostate, breast and colorectal cancer patients at speciality care facilities in Trinidad. We also sought to determine how patients rated the efficacy of these modalities compared with conventional treatment. METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional survey was conducted using an interviewer-administered pilot-tested de novo questionnaire during the period June to August 2012 at two speciality treatment centres on the island...
October 21, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764127/de-novo-sequencing-and-assembly-analysis-of-the-pseudostellaria-heterophylla-transcriptome
#13
Jun Li, Wei Zhen, Dengkai Long, Ling Ding, Anhui Gong, Chenghong Xiao, Weike Jiang, Xiaoqing Liu, Tao Zhou, Luqi Huang
Pseudostellaria heterophylla (Miq.) Pax is a mild tonic herb widely cultivated in the Southern part of China. The tuberous roots of P. heterophylla accumulate high levels of secondary metabolism products of medicinal value such as saponins, flavonoids, and isoquinoline alkaloids. Despite numerous studies on the pharmacological importance and purification of these compounds in P. heterophylla, their biosynthesis is not well understood. In the present study, we used Illumina HiSeq 4000 sequencing platform to sequence the RNA from flowers, leaves, stem, root cortex and xylem tissues of P...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750423/effect-of-plant-age-on-the-quantity-and-quality-of-proteins-extracted-from-sugar-beet-beta-vulgaris-l-leaves
#14
Alexandra Kiskini, Anne Vissers, Jean-Paul Vincken, Harry Gruppen, Peter Alexander Wierenga
Effects of the developmental stage (e.g., young, mature, or senescent) of leaves on their chemical composition have been described in the literature. This study focuses on the variation in chemical composition and quantity and quality of proteins extracted from leaves due to variation in plant age (i.e., harvesting time), using leaves from sugar beets grown in a field (Rhino, Arrival) and in a greenhouse (Isabella). Within the same variety (Rhino, field; Arrival, field; Isabella, greenhouse) the protein content was similar for leaves from young and old plants (22 ± 1, 16 ± 1, and 10 ± 3% w/w db, respectively)...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743555/high-throughput-sequencing-reveals-the-diversity-of-trb-cdr3-repertoire-in-patients-with-psoriasis-vulgaris
#15
Xiaofang Cao, Qingbiao Wa, Qidi Wang, Lin Li, Xin Liu, Lisha An, Ruikun Cai, Meng Du, Yue Qiu, Jian Han, Chunlin Wang, Xingyu Wang, Changlong Guo, Yonghong Lu, Xu Ma
Psoriasis is a T cell-mediated chronic inflammatory skin disease with inflammatory cell infiltrates in the dermis and epidermis. Previous studies suggested that there are some expanded T-cell receptor (TCR) clones in psoriatic skin. However, the effect of psoriasis on the immunological characteristics of TCR in circulating blood has not been reported. To address this, we performed high-throughput sequencing to reveal the immunological characteristics of TCR beta chain (TRB) in both psoriasis patients and healthy controls...
November 2016: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719921/betalains-increase-vitexin-2-o-xyloside-cytotoxicity-in-caco-2-cancer-cells
#16
F Farabegoli, E S Scarpa, A Frati, G Serafini, A Papi, E Spisni, E Antonini, S Benedetti, P Ninfali
Vitexin-2-O-xyloside (XVX) from Beta vulgaris var. cicla L. (BVc) seeds, betaxanthin (R1) and betacyanin (R2) fractions from Beta vulgaris var. rubra L. (BVr) roots were combined and tested for cytotoxicity in CaCo-2 colon cancer cells. XVX was the most cytotoxic molecule, but the combination of XVX with R1 and R2 significantly prolonged its cytotoxicity. Cytotoxicity was mediated by the intrinsic apoptotic pathway, as shown by an increase in Bcl2-like protein 4, cleaved Poly ADP-Ribosyl Polymerase 1 and cleaved Caspase 3 levels with a parallel decrease in anti-apoptotic protein B-cell leukemia/lymphoma 2 levels...
March 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717904/protective-effects-of-seed-melon-extract-on-ccl4-induced-hepatic-fibrosis-in-mice
#17
Yuan-Yuan Zhan, Jin-Hui Wang, Xing Tian, Shi-Xiu Feng, Lin Xue, Li-Ping Tian
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Citrullus lanatus ssp. vulgaris var. megalaspermus Lin et Chao, was also known as watermelon belongs to family Cucurbitaceae, variously used as healthy food and in the treatment of liver and lungs problems. Currently, Citrullus lanatus has become a major economic crop of medicinal and edible effects with regional characteristics. AIM: This study was designed to evaluate the hepatoprotective and antioxidant activity of the seed melon (Citrullus lanatus ssp...
December 4, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710887/separation-of-chlorinated-diastereomers-of-decarboxy-betacyanins-in-myeloperoxidase-catalyzed-chlorinated-beta-vulgaris-l-extract
#18
Sławomir Wybraniec, Karolina Starzak, Edward Szneler, Zbigniew Pietrzkowski
A comparative chromatographic evaluation of chlorinated decarboxylated betanins and betanidins generated under activity of hypochlorous acid exerted upon these highly antioxidative potent decarboxylated pigments derived from natural sources was performed by LC-DAD-ESI-MS/MS. Comparison of the chromatographic profiles of the chlorinated pigments revealed two different directions of retention changes in relation to the corresponding substrates. Chlorination of all betacyanins that are decarboxylated at carbon C-17 results in an increase of their retention times...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696738/transcriptome-analysis-of-sugar-beet-root-maggot-tetanops-myopaeformis-genes-modulated-by-the-beta-vulgaris-host
#19
Haiyan Li, Ann C Smigocki
Sugar beet root maggot (SBRM, Tetanops myopaeformis von Röder) is a major but poorly understood insect pest of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.). The molecular mechanisms underlying plant defense responses are well documented, however, little information is available about complementary mechanisms for insect adaptive responses to overcome host resistance. To date, no studies have been published on SBRM gene expression profiling. Suppressive subtractive hybridization (SSH) generated more than 300 SBRM ESTs differentially expressed in the interaction of the pest with a moderately resistant (F1016) and a susceptible (F1010) sugar beet line...
October 3, 2016: Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695468/the-water-to-solute-permeability-ratio-governs-the-osmotic-volume-dynamics-in-beetroot-vacuoles
#20
Victoria Vitali, Moira Sutka, Gabriela Amodeo, Osvaldo Chara, Marcelo Ozu
Plant cell vacuoles occupy up to 90% of the cell volume and, beyond their physiological function, are constantly subjected to water and solute exchange. The osmotic flow and vacuole volume dynamics relies on the vacuole membrane -the tonoplast- and its capacity to regulate its permeability to both water and solutes. The osmotic permeability coefficient (Pf ) is the parameter that better characterizes the water transport when submitted to an osmotic gradient. Usually, Pf determinations are made in vitro from the initial rate of volume change, when a fast (almost instantaneous) osmolality change occurs...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
keyword
keyword
42590
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"