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beta vulgaris

Praneeth Juvvi, A Chakkaravarthi, Sukumar Debnath
In the present work, the processing variables were optimized to retain betalain compound and their effect on quality attributes (oil content, breaking force and color) of fried beetroot chips. The beetroot slices were fried in lab scale vacuum fryer. Experimental design with temperature (86-153 °C), absolute pressure (1.3-9.7 kPa) and frying time (2.6-9.4 min) as independent variables which produced 20 different combinations, were studied using response surface methodology to study the effect of these variables on product responses...
September 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Yuri N Clement, Varune Mahase, Annelise Jagroop, Kelly Kissoon, Aarti Maharaj, Prashant Mathura, Chrys Mc Quan, Divya Ramadhin, Cherrista Mohammed
BACKGROUND: Cancer is a major disease worldwide, and many patients use complementary and alternative treatments. The purpose of this study was to identify the herbal remedies and functional foods used as complementary medicine by prostate, breast and colorectal cancer patients at speciality care facilities in Trinidad. We also sought to determine how patients rated the efficacy of these modalities compared with conventional treatment. METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional survey was conducted using an interviewer-administered pilot-tested de novo questionnaire during the period June to August 2012 at two speciality treatment centres on the island...
October 21, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Jun Li, Wei Zhen, Dengkai Long, Ling Ding, Anhui Gong, Chenghong Xiao, Weike Jiang, Xiaoqing Liu, Tao Zhou, Luqi Huang
Pseudostellaria heterophylla (Miq.) Pax is a mild tonic herb widely cultivated in the Southern part of China. The tuberous roots of P. heterophylla accumulate high levels of secondary metabolism products of medicinal value such as saponins, flavonoids, and isoquinoline alkaloids. Despite numerous studies on the pharmacological importance and purification of these compounds in P. heterophylla, their biosynthesis is not well understood. In the present study, we used Illumina HiSeq 4000 sequencing platform to sequence the RNA from flowers, leaves, stem, root cortex and xylem tissues of P...
2016: PloS One
Alexandra Kiskini, Anne Vissers, Jean-Paul Vincken, Harry Gruppen, Peter Alexander Wierenga
Effects of the developmental stage (e.g. young, mature or senescent) of leaves on their chemical composition have been described in literature. This study focuses on the variation in chemical composition and quantity and quality of proteins extracted from leaves due to variation in plant age (i.e. harvesting time), using leaves from sugar beets grown in field (Rhino, Arrival) and in greenhouse (Isabella). Within the same variety (Rhino-field, Arrival-field, Isabella-greenhouse) the protein content was similar for leaves from young and old plants (22±1, 16±1, and 10±3% w/w db, respectively)...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Xiaofang Cao, Qingbiao Wa, Qidi Wang, Lin Li, Xin Liu, Lisha An, Ruikun Cai, Meng Du, Yue Qiu, Jian Han, Chunlin Wang, Xingyu Wang, Changlong Guo, Yonghong Lu, Xu Ma
Psoriasis is a T cell-mediated chronic inflammatory skin disease with inflammatory cell infiltrates in the dermis and epidermis. Previous studies suggested that there are some expanded T-cell receptor (TCR) clones in psoriatic skin. However, the effect of psoriasis on the immunological characteristics of TCR in circulating blood has not been reported. To address this, we performed high-throughput sequencing to reveal the immunological characteristics of TCR beta chain (TRB) in both psoriasis patients and healthy controls...
October 12, 2016: International Immunopharmacology
F Farabegoli, E S Scarpa, A Frati, G Serafini, A Papi, E Spisni, E Antonini, S Benedetti, P Ninfali
Vitexin-2-O-xyloside (XVX) from Beta vulgaris var. cicla L. (BVc) seeds, betaxanthin (R1) and betacyanin (R2) fractions from Beta vulgaris var. rubra L. (BVr) roots were combined and tested for cytotoxicity in CaCo-2 colon cancer cells. XVX was the most cytotoxic molecule, but the combination of XVX with R1 and R2 significantly prolonged its cytotoxicity. Cytotoxicity was mediated by the intrinsic apoptotic pathway, as shown by an increase in Bcl2-like protein 4, cleaved Poly ADP-Ribosyl Polymerase 1 and cleaved Caspase 3 levels with a parallel decrease in anti-apoptotic protein B-cell leukemia/lymphoma 2 levels...
March 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
Yuan-Yuan Zhan, Jin-Hui Wang, Xing Tian, Shi-Xiu Feng, Lin Xue, Li-Ping Tian
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Citrullus lanatus ssp. vulgaris var. megalaspermus Lin et Chao, was also known as watermelon belongs to family Cucurbitaceae, variously used as healthy food and in the treatment of liver and lungs problems. Currently, Citrullus lanatus has become a major economic crop of medicinal and edible effects with regional characteristics. AIM: This study was designed to evaluate the hepatoprotective and antioxidant activity of the seed melon (Citrullus lanatus ssp...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Sławomir Wybraniec, Karolina Starzak, Edward Szneler, Zbigniew Pietrzkowski
A comparative chromatographic evaluation of chlorinated decarboxylated betanins and betanidins generated under activity of hypochlorous acid exerted upon these highly antioxidative potent decarboxylated pigments derived from natural sources was performed by LC-DAD-ESI-MS/MS. Comparison of the chromatographic profiles of the chlorinated pigments revealed two different directions of retention changes in relation to the corresponding substrates. Chlorination of all betacyanins that are decarboxylated at carbon C-17 results in an increase of their retention times...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Haiyan Li, Ann C Smigocki
Sugar beet root maggot (SBRM, Tetanops myopaeformis von Röder) is a major but poorly understood insect pest of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.). The molecular mechanisms underlying plant defense responses are well documented, however, little information is available about complementary mechanisms for insect adaptive responses to overcome host resistance. To date, no studies have been published on SBRM gene expression profiling. Suppressive subtractive hybridization (SSH) generated more than 300 SBRM ESTs differentially expressed in the interaction of the pest with a moderately resistant (F1016) and a susceptible (F1010) sugar beet line...
October 3, 2016: Insect Science
Victoria Vitali, Moira Sutka, Gabriela Amodeo, Osvaldo Chara, Marcelo Ozu
Plant cell vacuoles occupy up to 90% of the cell volume and, beyond their physiological function, are constantly subjected to water and solute exchange. The osmotic flow and vacuole volume dynamics relies on the vacuole membrane -the tonoplast- and its capacity to regulate its permeability to both water and solutes. The osmotic permeability coefficient (Pf ) is the parameter that better characterizes the water transport when submitted to an osmotic gradient. Usually, Pf determinations are made in vitro from the initial rate of volume change, when a fast (almost instantaneous) osmolality change occurs...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
K E Dittmer, R E Morley, R L Smith
CASE HISTORY: A group of 545 pregnant rising 2-year-old Coopdale ewes on a Southland sheep farm were grazed over winter on a fodder beet (Beta vulgaris) crop. Subsequently, 45 out of approximately 750 lambs were born with a variety of skeletal deformities, including shortened limbs, varus and valgus angular limb deformities, palmar grade stance and cranial bowing of the carpus. Analysis of the crop showed the fodder beet contained a low percentage of phosphorus. In addition, 60 out of 460 rising 2-year-old ewes that had been grazed on the fodder beet crop as 1-year-olds had incisor abnormalities and malocclusion...
October 2, 2016: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
Recep Vatansever, Mehmet Emin Uras, Ugur Sen, Ibrahim Ilker Ozyigit, Ertugrul Filiz
A transcription factor DREB1A (dehydration-responsive element-binding 1A) gene was amplified and sequenced from the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris). PvDREB1A had a 777 base pairs (bp) open reading frame encoding a protein of 225 residues. The protein sequence contained a conserved DNA-binding AP2 domain of about 60 residues and a nuclear localization signal (NLS) at N-terminus site. PvDREB1A demonstrated high homology with other DREB1 members only in AP2 domain and NLS site. The phylogenetic distribution of different DREB members showed three main groups as DREB1-3 and PvDREB1A was a member of DREB1 group...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
J Sharifi-Rad, D Mnayer, A Roointan, F Shahri, S A M Ayatollahi, M Sharifi-Rad, N Molaee, M Sharifi-Rad
The extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) -producing Escherichia coli strains can lead to various infections particularly urinary tract infections. The main objective of this investigation was to evaluate the antibacterial activities of essential oils (EOs) from different Iranian medicinal plants against TEM gene positive ESBL-producing E. coli strains isolated from urine samples of patients with urinary tract infections. EOs were extracted using hydrodistillation method. E. coli strains were isolated by different specific Medias...
2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Isa C Ribeiro, Carla Pinheiro, Carla M Ribeiro, Maria M Veloso, Maria C Simoes-Costa, Isabel Evaristo, Octávio S Paulo, Cândido P Ricardo
The establishment of stress resilient sugar beets (Beta vulgaris spp. vulgaris) is an important breeding goal since this cash crop is susceptible to drought and salinity. The genetic diversity in cultivated sugar beets is low and the beet wild relatives are useful genetic resources for tolerance traits. Three wild beet populations (Beta vulgaris spp. maritima) from contrasting environments, Vaiamonte (VMT, dry inland hill), Comporta (CMP, marsh) and Oeiras (OEI, coastland), and one commercial sugar beet (Isella variety, SB), are compared...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
P W Crous, M J Wingfield, D M Richardson, J J Le Roux, D Strasberg, J Edwards, F Roets, V Hubka, P W J Taylor, M Heykoop, M P Martín, G Moreno, D A Sutton, N P Wiederhold, C W Barnes, J R Carlavilla, J Gené, A Giraldo, V Guarnaccia, J Guarro, M Hernández-Restrepo, M Kolařík, J L Manjón, I G Pascoe, E S Popov, M Sandoval-Denis, J H C Woudenberg, K Acharya, A V Alexandrova, P Alvarado, R N Barbosa, I G Baseia, R A Blanchette, T Boekhout, T I Burgess, J F Cano-Lira, A Čmoková, R A Dimitrov, M Yu Dyakov, M Dueñas, A K Dutta, F Esteve-Raventós, A G Fedosova, J Fournier, P Gamboa, D E Gouliamova, T Grebenc, M Groenewald, B Hanse, G E St J Hardy, B W Held, Ž Jurjević, T Kaewgrajang, K P D Latha, L Lombard, J J Luangsa-Ard, P Lysková, N Mallátová, P Manimohan, A N Miller, M Mirabolfathy, O V Morozova, M Obodai, N T Oliveira, M E Ordóñez, E C Otto, S Paloi, S W Peterson, C Phosri, J Roux, W A Salazar, A Sánchez, G A Sarria, H-D Shin, B D B Silva, G A Silva, M Th Smith, C M Souza-Motta, A M Stchigel, M M Stoilova-Disheva, M A Sulzbacher, M T Telleria, C Toapanta, J M Traba, N Valenzuela-Lopez, R Watling, J Z Groenewald
Novel species of fungi described in the present study include the following from Australia: Vermiculariopsiella eucalypti, Mulderomyces natalis (incl. Mulderomyces gen. nov.), Fusicladium paraamoenum, Neotrimmatostroma paraexcentricum, and Pseudophloeospora eucalyptorum on leaves of Eucalyptus spp., Anungitea grevilleae (on leaves of Grevillea sp.), Pyrenochaeta acaciae (on leaves of Acacia sp.), and Brunneocarpos banksiae (incl. Brunneocarpos gen. nov.) on cones of Banksia attenuata. Novel foliicolous taxa from South Africa include Neosulcatispora strelitziae (on Strelitzia nicolai), Colletotrichum ledebouriae (on Ledebouria floridunda), Cylindrosympodioides brabejum (incl...
June 2016: Persoonia
Cécile Gracianne, Pierre-Loup Jan, Sylvain Fournet, Eric Olivier, Jean-François Arnaud, Catherine Porte, Sylvie Bardou-Valette, Marie-Christine Denis, Eric J Petit
Studying wild pathogen populations in natural ecosystems offers the opportunity to better understand the evolutionary dynamics of biotic diseases in crops and to enhance pest control strategies. We used simulations and genetic markers to investigate the spatial and temporal population genetic structure of wild populations of the beet cyst nematode Heterodera schachtii on a wild host plant species, the sea beet (Beta vulgaris spp. maritima), the wild ancestor of cultivated beets. Our analysis of the variation of eight microsatellite loci across four study sites showed that (i) wild H...
September 2016: Evolutionary Applications
Satoshi Takahata, Takumi Yago, Keisuke Iwabuchi, Hideki Hirakawa, Yutaka Suzuki, Yasuyuki Onodera
Spinach (Spinacia oleracea, 2n = 12) and sugar beet (Beta vulgaris, 2n = 18) are important crop members of the family Chenopodiaceae ss Sugar beet has a basic chromosome number of 9 and a cosexual breeding system, as do most members of the Chenopodiaceae ss. family. By contrast, spinach has a basic chromosome number of 6 and, although certain cultivars and genotypes produce monoecious plants, is considered to be a dioecious species. The loci determining male and monoecious sexual expression were mapped to different loci on the spinach sex chromosomes...
2016: Journal of Heredity
Valentina Nozzi, Silvia Strofaldi, Isabel Forner Piquer, Davide Di Crescenzo, Ike Olivotto, Oliana Carnevali
This investigation is aimed to improve the knowledge on the physiological alterations occurring at morphological and molecular level in European sea bass naturally infected by A. ocellatum and reared at different salinities. European sea bass juveniles (Dicentrarchus labrax) weighing 20 ± 0.5 g were divided in three aquaponics systems: CTRL, reared at 20 ppt salinity; AFI, reared in freshwater (0 ppt) and infected with the dinoflagellate Amyloodinium ocellatum; ASI, reared at 20 ppt salinity and infected with A...
October 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Ram Mereddy, Adeline Chan, Kent Fanning, Nilesh Nirmal, Yasmina Sultanbawa
An initial laboratory-scale evaluation of separation characteristics of membranes with nominal molecular weight cut-offs (NMWCO) ranging from 30kD down to 0.5kD indicated effective separation of betalains in the 0.5kD region. Subsequent pilot-level trials using 1kD, loose reverse osmosis (LRO) and reverse osmosis (RO) spiral-wound membranes showed LRO membrane to be very efficient with up to 96% salt and 47% other dissolved solids removed while retaining majority of the pigment (∼98%) in the betalain rich extract (BRE)...
January 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Yongxue Zhang, Jingdong Nan, Bing Yu
Sugar beet is a species of the Chenopodiaceae family. It is an important sugar crop that supplies approximately 35% of the sugar in the world. Sugar beet M14 line is a unique germplasm that contains genetic materials from Beta vulgaris L. and Beta corolliflora Zoss. And exhibits tolerance to salt stress. In this review, we have summarized OMICS technologies and applications in sugar beet including M14 for identification of novel genes, proteins related to biotic and abiotic stresses, apomixes and metabolites related to energy and food...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
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