keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

beta vulgaris

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150558/branched-pectic-galactan-in-phloem-sieve-element-cell-walls-implications-for-cell-mechanics
#1
Thomas A Torode, Rachel E O'Neill, Susan E Marcus, Valerie Cornuault, Sara Pose-Albacete, Rebecca P Lauder, Stjepan Kresimir Kracun, Maja Gro Rydahl, Mathias C F Andersen, William George Tycho Willats, Siobhan Ariel Braybrook, Belinda J Townsend, Mads H Clausen, J Paul Knox
A major question in plant biology concerns the specification and functional differentiation of cell types. This is in the context of constraints imposed by networks of cell walls that both adhere cells and contribute to the form and function of developing organs. Here, we report the identification of a glycan epitope that is specific to phloem sieve element cell walls in several systems. A monoclonal antibody, designated LM26, binds to the cell wall of phloem sieve elements in stems of Arabidopsis thaliana, Miscanthus x giganteus and notably sugar beet (Beta vulgaris) roots where phloem identification is an important factor for the study of phloem unloading of sucrose...
November 17, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069139/elemental-composition-of-vegetables-cultivated-over-coal-mining-waste
#2
Jairo J Zocche, Paula Rohr, Adriani P Damiani, Daniela D Leffa, Miriam C Martins, Caroline M Zocche, Karina O Teixeira, Gabriela D Borges, Maiellen M DE Jesus, Carla E I Dos Santos, Johnny F Dias, Vanessa M DE Andrade
We assessed elemental composition of the liver in mice subjected to one-time or chronic consumption of the juice of vegetables cultivated in a vegetable garden built over deposits of coal waste. Lactuca sativa L. (lettuce), Beta vulgaris L. (beet), Brassica oleracea L. var. italica (broccoli) and Brassica oleracea L. var. acephala (kale) were collected from the coal-mining area and from a certified organic farm (control). Elemental composition was analyzed by particle-induced X-ray emission (PIXE) method. Concentrations of Mg, S, and Ca of mice subjected to one-time consumption of broccoli and concentrations of these same elements plus Si of mice receiving kale were higher in the coal-mining area...
October 23, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065114/global-genotype-flow-in-cercospora-beticola-populations-confirmed-through-genotyping-by-sequencing
#3
Niloofar Vaghefi, Julie R Kikkert, Melvin D Bolton, Linda E Hanson, Gary A Secor, Scot C Nelson, Sarah J Pethybridge
Genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) was conducted on 333 Cercospora isolates collected from Beta vulgaris (sugar beet, table beet and swiss chard) in the USA and Europe. Cercospora beticola was confirmed as the species predominantly isolated from leaves with Cercospora leaf spot (CLS) symptoms. However, C. cf. flagellaris also was detected at a frequency of 3% in two table beet fields in New York. Resolution of the spatial structure and identification of clonal lineages in C. beticola populations using genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) obtained from GBS was compared to genotyping using microsatellites...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062803/the-antioxidant-activity-of-beta-vulgaris-leaf-extract-in-improving-scopolamine-induced-spatial-memory-disorders-in-rats
#4
Shadieh Hajihosseini, Mahbubeh Setorki, Zahra Hooshmandi
OBJECTIVE: Medicinal plants have attracted global attention due to their safety as well as their considerable antioxidant content that helps to prevent or ameliorate various disorders including memory impairments. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of beet root (Beta vulgaris) leaf extract on scopolamine-induced spatial memory impairments in male Wistar rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 5 groups (n=10): Control (C), scopolamine 1 mg/kg/day (S), scopolamine+50 mg/kg B...
September 2017: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037503/growth-kinetics-of-escherichia-coli-o157-h7-on-the-epicarp-of-fresh-vegetables-and-fruits
#5
Mariel Gullian-Klanian, Maria José Sánchez-Solis
Despite the increasing reports on the incidence of fresh vegetables and fruits as a possible vehicle for human pathogens, there is currently limited knowledge on the growth potential of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on different plant substrates. This study analyzed the selective adhesion and growth of E. coli O157:H7 on chili habanero (Capsicum chinense L.), cucumber (Cucumis sativus), radish (Raphanus sativus), tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum), beet (Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris), and onion (Allium cepa L.) under laboratory conditions...
August 30, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019931/targeted-next-generation-sequencing-identification-of-mutations-in-disease-resistance-gene-analogs-rgas-in-wild-and-cultivated-beets
#6
Piergiorgio Stevanato, Chiara Broccanello, Luca Pajola, Filippo Biscarini, Chris Richards, Lee Panella, Mahdi Hassani, Elide Formentin, Claudia Chiodi, Giuseppe Concheri, Bahram Heidari
Resistance gene analogs (RGAs) were searched bioinformatically in the sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) genome as potential candidates for improving resistance against different diseases. In the present study, Ion Torrent sequencing technology was used to identify mutations in 21 RGAs. The DNA samples of ninety-six individuals from six sea beets (Beta vulgaris L. subsp. maritima) and six sugar beet pollinators (eight individuals each) were used for the discovery of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Target amplicons of about 200 bp in length were designed with the Ion AmpliSeq Designer system in order to cover the DNA sequences of the RGAs...
October 11, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990194/relaxation-of-tyrosine-pathway-regulation-underlies-the-evolution-of-betalain-pigmentation-in-caryophyllales
#7
Samuel Lopez-Nieves, Ya Yang, Alfonso Timoneda, Minmin Wang, Tao Feng, Stephen A Smith, Samuel F Brockington, Hiroshi A Maeda
Diverse natural products are synthesized in plants by specialized metabolic enzymes, which are often lineage-specific and derived from gene duplication followed by functional divergence. However, little is known about the contribution of primary metabolism to the evolution of specialized metabolic pathways. Betalain pigments, uniquely found in the plant order Caryophyllales, are synthesized from the aromatic amino acid l-tyrosine (Tyr) and replaced the otherwise ubiquitous phenylalanine-derived anthocyanins...
October 9, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981142/relating-sensory-profiles-of-canned-amaranth-amaranthus-cruentus-cleome-cleome-gynandra-cowpea-vigna-unguiculata-and-swiss-chard-beta-vulgaris-leaves-to-consumer-acceptance
#8
Isiguzoro O Onyeoziri, Marise Kinnear, Henriëtta L de Kock
BACKGROUND: The younger generation of South Africans generally do not consume traditional meals prepared using African green leafy vegetables, primarily because they are regarded as bitter, "poverty" foods. Canning of these vegetables could create, value-added products that can be sold in the commercial market. Descriptive sensory evaluation and consumer acceptance testing with young females were used to assess the potential of such products. RESULTS: The sensory attributes of amaranth, cleome and cowpea leaves canned in brine and in a cream sauce were described using 21 attributes grouped by aroma, taste, texture/mouthfeel and aftertaste...
October 5, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948097/genome-wide-identification-and-characterization-of-aquaporin-gene-family-in-beta-vulgaris
#9
Weilong Kong, Shaozong Yang, Yulu Wang, Mohammed Bendahmane, Xiaopeng Fu
Aquaporins (AQPs) are essential channel proteins that execute multi-functions throughout plant growth and development, including water transport, uncharged solutes uptake, stress response, and so on. Here, we report the first genome-wide identification and characterization AQP (BvAQP) genes in sugar beet (Beta vulgaris), an important crop widely cultivated for feed, for sugar production and for bioethanol production. Twenty-eight sugar beet AQPs (BvAQPs) were identified and assigned into five subfamilies based on phylogenetic analyses: seven of plasma membrane (PIPs), eight of tonoplast (TIPs), nine of NOD26-like (NIPs), three of small basic (SIPs), and one of x-intrinsic proteins (XIPs)...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891100/roq1-mediates-recognition-of-the-xanthomonas-and-pseudomonas-effector-proteins-xopq-and-hopq1
#10
Alex Schultink, Tiancong Qi, Arielle Lee, Adam D Steinbrenner, Brian Staskawicz
Xanthomonas spp. are phytopathogenic bacteria that can cause disease on a wide variety of plant species resulting in significant impacts on crop yields. Limited genetic resistance is available in most crop species and current control methods are often inadequate, particularly when environmental conditions favor disease. The plant Nicotiana benthamiana has been shown to be resistant to Xanthomonas and Pseudomonas due to an immune response triggered by the bacterial effector proteins XopQ and HopQ1, respectively...
September 11, 2017: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861117/quantification-of-seed-soil-contact-of-sugar-beet-beta-vulgaris-using-x-ray-computed-tomography
#11
Sebastian Blunk, Ali Hafeez Malik, Martine I de Heer, Tobias Ekblad, Jennifer Bussell, Debbie Sparkes, Kenneth Fredlund, Craig J Sturrock, Sacha J Mooney
BACKGROUND: Seed-soil contact is important to ensure successful germination, however, there is a paucity of reported studies that have quantified the microstructure at and around this critical interface, mainly due to the opacity of soil. RESULTS: Here we describe a novel methodology to non-destructively calculate the seed-soil contact area using X-ray Computed Tomography. Under controlled conditions, we observed that seed-soil contact was strongly influenced by the size and type of seed, with a seed-soil contact of ca...
2017: Plant Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837874/long-term-growth-of-crop-plants-on-experimental-plots-created-among-slag-heaps
#12
Wiktor Halecki, Sławomir Klatka
Suppression of plant growth is a common problem in post-mining reclaimed areas, as coarse texture of soils may increase nitrate leaching. Assessing feasibility of using solid waste (precipitated solid matter) produced by water and sewage treatment processes in field conditions is very important in mine soil reclamation. Our work investigated the possibility of plant growth in a degraded site covered with sewage-derived sludge material. A test area (21m × 18m) was established on a mine soil heap. Experimental plant species included Camelina sativa, Helianthus annuus, Festuca rubra, Miscanthus giganteus, Amaranthus cruentus, Brassica napus, Melilotus albus, Beta vulgaris, and Zea mays...
January 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826766/in%C3%A2-vivo-anticoccidial-effects-of-beta-vulgaris-sugar-beet-in-broiler-chickens
#13
Asghar Abbas, Zafar Iqbal, Rao Zahid Abbas, Muhammad Kasib Khan, Junaid Ali Khan, Zia Ud Din Sindhu, Muhammad Shahid Mahmood, Muhammad Kashif Saleemi
Recently, use of botanicals as an alternative to anticoccidial drugs has been appealing approach for controlling avian coccidiosis. Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate the anticoccidial activity of aqueous methanolic extract (100, 200 and 300 mg/kg of body weight) of Beta vulgaris (roots) in broiler chicks. A total of 315 day old broiler chicks were divided into seven equal groups (A, B, C, D, E, F and G). At 14th day of age, all groups except group G, which served as non infected non medicated control, were infected orally with 60,000 sporulated oocysts of mixed Eimeria species...
October 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777137/natural-compounds-for-skin-tissue-engineering-by-electrospinning-of-nylon-beta-vulgaris
#14
Parviz Ranjbarvan, Matin Mahmoudifard, Mousa Kehtari, Ali Babaie, Shokoh Hamedi, Samaneh Mirzaei, Masoud Soleimani, Simzar Hosseinzadeh
Natural compounds containing polysaccharide ingredients have been employed as candidates for treatment of skin tissue. Herein, for the first time, electrospinning setup was proposed to fabricate an efficient composite nanofibrous structure of Beta vulgaris (obtained from Beet [Chenopodiaceae or Amaranthaceae]) belonged to polysaccharides and an elastic polymer named nylon 66 for skin tissue engineering. Both prepared scaffolds including noncomposite and composite types were studied by Scanning electron microscope (SEM), FTIR spectroscopy, mechanical assay, and contact angle...
August 2, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747828/effect-of-swiss-chard-beta-vulgaris-var-cicla-as-nitrite-replacement-on-color-stability-and-shelf-life-of-cooked-pork-patties-during-refrigerated-storage
#15
Dong-Min Shin, Ko-Eun Hwang, Cheol-Won Lee, Tae-Kyung Kim, Yoo-Sun Park, Sung Gu Han
In this study, the effects of pre-converted nitrite from Swiss chard powder (PS) on the color stability and shelf-life of cooked pork patties during refrigerated storage for 28 d were investigated. Nitrite was added at a concentration of approximately 120 ppm. Five treatments were formulated as follows: Control (120 ppm nitrite), T1 (2% PS), T2 (2% pre-converted nitrite from celery powder; PC), T3 (1% PS + 60 ppm nitrite), and NC (nitrite-free). The T1 and T3 samples had higher nitrosoheme pigment contents, which were associated with the redness of the samples (p<0...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683409/thymus-vulgaris-l-extract-has-antimicrobial-and-anti-inflammatory-effects-in-the-absence-of-cytotoxicity-and-genotoxicity
#16
Jonatas Rafael de Oliveira, Daiane de Jesus Viegas, Ana Paula Réquia Martins, Cláudio Antonio Talge Carvalho, Cristina Pacheco Soares, Samira Esteves Afonso Camargo, Antonio Olavo Cardoso Jorge, Luciane Dias de Oliveira
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the biological effects of the T. vulgaris L. extract., such as antimicrobial activity on planktonic cultures and mono- and polymicrobial biofilms, cytotoxicity, anti-inflammatory activity and genotoxicity. METHODS: Monomicrobial biofilms of Candida albicans, Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, Streptococcus mutans and Pseudomonas aeruginosa and polymicrobial biofilms composed by C. albicans with each bacterium were formed for 48h and exposed for 5min to the plant extract...
October 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664334/new-approaches-for-extraction-and-determination-of-betaine-from-beta-vulgaris-samples-by-hydrophilic-interaction-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#17
Luca Rivoira, Sylwia Studzińska, Malgorzata Szultka-Młyńska, Maria Concetta Bruzzoniti, Bogusław Buszewski
Betaine is one of most studied biologically active compounds, due its role in the main biological processes. Although it may be found in several plants and roots, such as the Beta vulgaris family, present in typical diets, just a few analytical methods have been developed for its extraction from roots. A new, quick and effective procedure for the isolation and determination of betaine from two different varieties of B. vulgaris (red and gold) is presented. For betaine extraction, an accelerated solvent extraction (ASE) was coupled with solid-phase extraction...
August 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663603/stemphylium-revisited
#18
J H C Woudenberg, B Hanse, G C M van Leeuwen, J Z Groenewald, P W Crous
In 2007 a new Stemphylium leaf spot disease of Beta vulgaris (sugar beet) spread through the Netherlands. Attempts to identify this destructive Stemphylium sp. in sugar beet led to a phylogenetic revision of the genus. The name Stemphylium has been recommended for use over that of its sexual morph, Pleospora, which is polyphyletic. Stemphylium forms a well-defined monophyletic genus in the Pleosporaceae, Pleosporales (Dothideomycetes), but lacks an up-to-date phylogeny. To address this issue, the internal transcribed spacer 1 and 2 and intervening 5...
June 2017: Studies in Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648999/in%C3%A2-vitro-protein-synthesis-of-sugar-beet-beta-vulgaris-and-maize-zea-mays-is-differentially-inhibited-when-potassium-is-substituted-by-sodium
#19
Franziska Faust, Sven Schubert
The substitution of potassium ions (K(+)) by sodium ions (Na(+)) in the nutrition of plants is restricted. It was shown earlier that net protein synthesis is the process which is most sensitive to the substitution of K(+) by Na(+) in young sugar beet. We hypothesized that the activity of ribosomes is inhibited by the substitution. This hypothesis was tested in an in vitro approach. Cytosolic polysomes were isolated from growing leaves of sugar beet and maize by means of differential centrifugation. In vitro systems of both plant species were tested for functionality and comparability...
June 15, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646395/translocation-of-trace-elements-from-sewage-sludge-amendments-to-plants-in-a-reclaimed-area
#20
Wiktor Halecki, Sławomir Klatka
The goal of the study was to evaluate bioaccumulation of trace elements in plants grown in post-mining soils amended with the biosolids material. Phaseolus vulgaris was investigated on the laboratory scale, and a mixture of grasses, Melilotus albus, Beta vulgaris, Zea mays L. and Miscanthus × giganteus were evaluated on the field scale. The results of the research showed that P. vulgaris fertilized with the Carbocrash substrate was able to grow. In addition, growth was enhanced following stimulation with gibberellic acid...
August 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
keyword
keyword
42590
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"