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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646395/translocation-of-trace-elements-from-sewage-sludge-amendments-to-plants-in-a-reclaimed-area
#1
Wiktor Halecki, Sławomir Klatka
The goal of the study was to evaluate bioaccumulation of trace elements in plants grown in post-mining soils amended with the biosolids material. Phaseolus vulgaris was investigated on the laboratory scale, and a mixture of grasses, Melilotus albus, Beta vulgaris, Zea mays L. and Miscanthus × giganteus were evaluated on the field scale. The results of the research showed that P. vulgaris fertilized with the Carbocrash substrate was able to grow. In addition, growth was enhanced following stimulation with gibberellic acid...
June 23, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624090/influence-of-different-drying-methods-on-the-physicochemical-properties-of-red-beetroot-beta-vulgaris-l-var-cylindra
#2
Oana-Viorela Nistor, Liliana Seremet Ceclu, Doina Georgeta Andronoiu, Ludmila Rudi, Elisabeta Botez
There is an increased interest in preserving fruits and vegetables by drying. The novelty of this study consists in the combination of the following three drying methods: free convection (at 50, 60, and 70°C), forced convection at 40°C and 315W microwave power. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the drying conditions on red beetroot (Beta vulgaris L.) in terms of betalain variance, and polyphenol, microstructure changes (SEM). A strong thermal shock, provided by convection at 60° followed by microwave wattage 315W/9min, leads to a better preservation of bioactive compounds content (0...
December 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613450/chemical-composition-and-biological-studies-of-the-essential-oil-from-aerial-parts-of-beta-vulgaris-subsp-maritima-l-arcang-growing-in-tunisia
#3
Afifa Zardi-Bergaoui, Aymen Ben Nejma, Fethia Harzallah-Skhiri, Guido Flamini, Roberta Ascrizzi, Hichem Ben Jannet
The chemical composition, antioxidant, cytotoxic, anticholinesterase and anti-tyrosinase activities of the hydrodistilled essential oil of the aerial parts of Beta vulgaris subsp. Maritime (L.) Arcang. from Tunisia have been evaluated. The chemical composition of the oil (yield 0.037% (w/w)), determined by GC-FID and GC-MS is reported for the first time. Twenty five components, accounting for 98.1% of the total oil have been identified. The oil was characterized by a high proportion of oxygenated sesquiterpenes (39...
June 14, 2017: Chemistry & Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596778/glycolysis-is-dynamic-and-relates-closely-to-respiration-rate-in-stored-sugarbeet-roots
#4
Clarice A Megguer, Karen K Fugate, Abbas M Lafta, Jocleita P Ferrareze, Edward L Deckard, Larry G Campbell, Edward C Lulai, Fernando L Finger
Although respiration is the principal cause of the loss of sucrose in postharvest sugarbeet (Beta vulgaris L.), the internal mechanisms that control root respiration rate are unknown. Available evidence, however, indicates that respiration rate is likely to be controlled by the availability of respiratory substrates, and glycolysis has a central role in generating these substrates. To determine glycolytic changes that occur in sugarbeet roots after harvest and to elucidate relationships between glycolysis and respiration, sugarbeet roots were stored for up to 60 days, during which activities of glycolytic enzymes and concentrations of glycolytic substrates, intermediates, cofactors, and products were determined...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589246/insights-into-the-genetic-relationships-among-plants-of-beta-section-beta-using-snp-markers
#5
Marco Andrello, Karine Henry, Pierre Devaux, Daphné Verdelet, Bruno Desprez, Stéphanie Manel
Using a much higher number of SNP markers and larger sample sizes than all the previous studies, we characterized the genetic relationships among wild and cultivated plants of section Beta. We analyzed the genetic variation of Beta section Beta, which includes wild taxa (Beta macrocarpa, B. patula, B. vulgaris subsp. adanensis and B. vulgaris subsp. maritima) and cultivars (fodder beet, sugar beet, garden beet, leaf beet, and swiss chards), using 9724 single nucleotide polymorphism markers. The analyses conducted at the individual level without a priori groups confirmed the strong differentiation of B...
June 6, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585529/crop-wild-relative-populations-of-beta-vulgaris-allow-direct-mapping-of-agronomically-important-genes
#6
Gina G Capistrano-Gossmann, D Ries, D Holtgräwe, A Minoche, T Kraft, S L M Frerichmann, T Rosleff Soerensen, J C Dohm, I González, M Schilhabel, M Varrelmann, H Tschoep, H Uphoff, K Schütze, D Borchardt, O Toerjek, W Mechelke, J C Lein, A W Schechert, L Frese, H Himmelbauer, B Weisshaar, F J Kopisch-Obuch
Rapid identification of agronomically important genes is of pivotal interest for crop breeding. One source of such genes are crop wild relative (CWR) populations. Here we used a CWR population of <200 wild beets (B. vulgaris ssp. maritima), sampled in their natural habitat, to identify the sugar beet (Beta vulgaris ssp. vulgaris) resistance gene Rz2 with a modified version of mapping-by-sequencing (MBS). For that, we generated a draft genome sequence of the wild beet. Our results show the importance of preserving CWR in situ and demonstrate the great potential of CWR for rapid discovery of causal genes relevant for crop improvement...
June 6, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572813/cytosolic-and-nuclear-co-localization-of-betalain-biosynthetic-enzymes-in-tobacco-suggests-that-betalains-are-synthesized-in-the-cytoplasm-and-or-nucleus-of-betalainic-plant-cells
#7
Ning Chen, Zhi-Hai Yu, Xing-Guo Xiao
Betalains replace anthocyanins as color pigments in most families of Caryophyllales. Unlike anthocyanins, betalains are derived from tyrosine via three enzymatic steps: hydroxylation of L-tyrosine to L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA; step 1), and conversion of L-DOPA to betalamic acid (step 2), and to cyclo-DOPA (cDOPA; step 3). The principal enzymes responsible for these reactions have been elucidated at the molecular level, but their subcellular localizations have not been explored; hence, the intracellular compartments wherein betalains are biosynthesized remain unknown...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570910/the-impact-of-anticancer-activity-upon-beta-vulgaris-extract-mediated-biosynthesized-silver-nanoparticles-ag-nps-against-human-breast-mcf-7-lung-a549-and-pharynx-hep-2-cancer-cell-lines
#8
K Venugopal, H Ahmad, E Manikandan, K Thanigai Arul, K Kavitha, M K Moodley, K Rajagopal, R Balabhaskar, M Bhaskar
The present study tried for a phyto-synthetic method of producing silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) with size controlled as and eco-friendly route that can lead to their advanced production with decorative tranquil morphology. By inducing temperature fluctuation of the reaction mixture from 25 to 80°C the plasmon resonance band raised slowly which had an ultimate effect on size and shape of Ag-NPs as shown by UV-visible spectroscopy and TEM results. The biosynthesized nanoparticles showed good cytotoxic impact against MCF-7, A549 and Hep2 cells compared to normal cell lines...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570816/enzymatic-browning-in-sugar-beet-leaves-beta-vulgaris-l-influence-of-caffeic-acid-derivatives-oxidative-coupling-and-coupled-oxidation
#9
Anne Vissers, Alexandra Kiskini, Roelant Hilgers, Marina Marinea, Peter Alexander Wierenga, Harry Gruppen, Jean-Paul Vincken
Sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) leaves of 8 month (8m) plants showed more enzymatic browning than those of 3 month (3m). Total phenolic content increased from 4.6 to 9.4 mg/g FW in 3m and 8m, respectively, quantitated by reverse-phase-ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography-ultraviolet-mass spectrometry (RP-UHPLC-UV-MS). The PPO activity was 6.7 times higher in extracts from 8m than from 3m leaves. Substrate content increased from 0.53 to 2.45 mg/g FW in 3m and 8m, respectively, of which caffeic acid glycosyl esters were most important, increasing 10-fold with age...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567020/dietary-effect-on-the-proteome-of-the-common-octopus-octopus-vulgaris-paralarvae
#10
Inmaculada Varó, Gabriel Cardenete, Francisco Hontoria, Óscar Monroig, José Iglesias, Juan J Otero, Eduardo Almansa, Juan C Navarro
Nowadays, the common octopus (Octopus vulgaris) culture is hampered by massive mortalities occurring during early life-cycle stages (paralarvae). Despite the causes of the high paralarvae mortality are not yet well-defined and understood, the nutritional stress caused by inadequate diets is pointed out as one of the main factors. In this study, the effects of diet on paralarvae is analyzed through a proteomic approach, to search for novel biomarkers of nutritional stress. A total of 43 proteins showing differential expression in the different conditions studied have been identified...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550469/isolation-and-functional-characterization-of-3-phosphoglycerate-dehydrogenase-involved-in-salt-responses-in-sugar-beet
#11
Kunihide Kito, Koichi Tsutsumi, Vandna Rai, Cattarin Theerawitaya, Suriyan Cha-Um, Nana Yamada-Kato, Shota Sakakibara, Yoshito Tanaka, Teruhiro Takabe
The present study investigated the significance of serine biosynthetic genes for salt stress in sugar beet (Beta vulgaris). We isolated a total of four genes, two each encoding D-3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase (BvPGDHa and BvPGDHb) and serine hydroxymethyl transferase (BvSHMTa and BvSHMTb). mRNA transcriptional expression for BvPGDHa was significantly enhanced under salt stress conditions in both leaves and roots of sugar beet, whereas it was reduced for BvPGDHb. On the other hand, BvSHMTa was expressed transiently in leaves and roots under salt stress, whereas expression level of BvSHMTb was not altered...
May 26, 2017: Protoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541752/ensiled-sugar-beets-as-dietary-component-and-their-effect-on-preference-and-dry-matter-intake-by-goats
#12
Katrin Gerlach, Anke Reimink, Ulrike Messerschmidt, Karl-Heinz Südekum
This study examines the influence of ensiled sugar beets (Beta vulgaris ssp. vulgaris) on preference and short-time dry matter (DM) intake of goats. Whole sugar beets were ensiled either without any silage additive (sugar beet silage (SBS)) or with a chemical additive (6 l/t) containing 85% formic and propionic acids (treated sugar beet silage (TBS)) and were chopped after ensiling. The influence of different proportions of SBS (0%, 6.25%, 12.5%, 18.75% and 25% of dietary DM) and TBS (0%, 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% of DM) in partial mixed rations on short-time DM intake by goats (adult Saanen type wethers; n = 10) was studied in two separate, independent trials...
May 25, 2017: Archives of Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496148/genetic-structure-of-cercospora-beticola-populations-on-beta-vulgaris-in-new-york-and-hawaii
#13
Niloofar Vaghefi, Scot C Nelson, Julie R Kikkert, Sarah J Pethybridge
Cercospora leaf spot (CLS), caused by Cercospora beticola, is a major disease of Beta vulgaris worldwide. No sexual stage is known for C. beticola but in its asexual form it overwinters on infected plant debris as pseudostromata, and travels short distances by rain splash-dispersed conidiospores. Cercospora beticola infects a broad range of host species and may be seedborne. The relative contribution of these inoculum sources to CLS epidemics on table beet is not well understood. Pathogen isolates collected from table beet, Swiss chard and common lambsquarters in mixed-cropping farms and monoculture fields in New York and Hawaii, USA, were genotyped (n = 600) using 12 microsatellite markers...
May 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494614/evaluation-of-pigments-from-methanolic-extract-of-tagetes-erecta-and-beta-vulgaris-as-antioxidant-and-antibacterial-agent
#14
Mariya Saani, Reena Lawrence, Kapil Lawrence
The Total Phenolic Content (TPC), antioxidant and antibacterial activities of methanolic extract of Marigold flower (MF) (Tagetes erecta) and Beet root (BR) (Beta vulgaris) were examined. The present work reveals that MF contained greater amount of TPC (42.5 mg/g GAE) as compared to BR (39.4 mg/g GAE). Methanolic extract of MF exhibited excellent DPPH free radical scavenging power (IC50 0.0716 mg/mL) and reducing power at 1 mg/mL concentration. Similar results have been obtained in FTC and TBA method. The results of antibacterial test indicated that the methanolic extract of MF and BR is significantly effective against both type of Gram-negative (Escherichia coli, Shigella dysenteriae) and Gram-positive (Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus) bacterial strains...
May 11, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464411/c-glycosyl-flavonoids-from-beta-vulgaris-cicla-and-betalains-from-beta-vulgaris-rubra-antioxidant-anticancer-and-antiinflammatory-activities-a-review
#15
REVIEW
Paolino Ninfali, Elena Antonini, Alessandra Frati, Emanuele-Salvatore Scarpa
The green beet (Beta vulgaris var. cicla L.) and red beetroot (B. vulgaris var. rubra L.) contain phytochemicals that have beneficial effects on human health. Specifically, the green beet contains apigenin, vitexin, vitexin-2-O-xyloside and vitexin-2-O-rhamnoside, while the red beetroot is a source of betaxanthins and betacyanins. These phytochemicals show considerable antioxidant activity, as well as antiinflammatory and antiproliferative activities. Vitexin-2-O-xyloside, in combination with betaxanthins and betacyanins, exerts antiproliferative activity in breast, liver, colon and bladder cancer cell lines, through the induction of both intrinsic and extrinsic apoptotic pathways...
June 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460054/effect-of-halotolerant-rhizobacteria-isolated-from-halophytes-on-the-growth-of-sugar-beet-beta-vulgaris-l-under-salt-stress
#16
Na Zhou, Shuai Zhao, Chang-Yan Tian
Utilization of rhizobacteria that have associated with plant roots in harsh environments could be a feasible strategy to deal with limits to agricultural production caused by soil salinity. Halophytes occur naturally in high-salt environments, and their roots may be associated with promising microbial candidates for promoting growth and salt tolerance in crops. This study aimed to isolate efficient halotolerant plant-growth-promoting rhizobacterial strains from halophytes and evaluate their activity and effects on sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L...
June 15, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453286/sugar-beet-extract-beta-vulgaris-l-as-a-new-natural-emulsifier-emulsion-formation
#17
Theo Ralla, Hanna Salminen, Matthias Edelmann, Corinna Dawid, Thomas Hofmann, Jochen Weiss
The interfacial and emulsion-forming properties of sugar beet extract (Beta vulgaris L.) were examined and compared to a Quillaja extract that is widely used within the food industry. We investigated the influence of extract concentration on surface activity at oil-water and air-water interfaces and on the formation of oil-in-water emulsions (10% w/w, pH 7). Sugar beet extract reduced the interfacial tension up to 38% at the oil-water interface, and the surface tension up to 33% at the air-water surface. The generated emulsions were negatively charged (ζ ≈ -46 mV) and had the smallest particle sizes (d43) of ∼1...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434820/interrelationships-of-metal-transfer-factor-under-wastewater-reuse-and-soil-pollution
#18
D Papaioannou, I K Kalavrouziotis, P H Koukoulakis, F Papadopoulos, P Psoma
The transfer of heavy metals under soil pollution wastewater reuse was studied in a Greenhouse experiment using a randomized block design, including 6 treatments of heavy metals mixtures composed of Zn, Mn, Cd, Co, Cu, Cr, Ni, and Pb, where each metal was taking part in the mixture with 0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 mg/kg respectively, in four replications. The Beta vulgaris L (beet) was used as a test plant. It was found that the metal transfer factors were statistically significantly related to the: (i) DTPA extractable soil metals, (ii) the soil pollution level as assessed by the pollution indices, (iii) the soil pH, (iv) the beet dry matter yield and (v) the interactions between the heavy metals in the soil...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434025/erratum-to-identification-of-molecular-variants-of-the-nonrestoring-restorer-of-fertility-1-allele-in-sugar-beet-beta-vulgaris-l
#19
Takashi Ohgami, Daisuke Uchiyama, Sachiyo Ue, Rika Yui-Kurino, Yu Yoshida, Yoko Kamei, Yosuke Kuroda, Kazunori Taguchi, Tomohiko Kubo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 22, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424722/the-role-of-auxin-ethylene-crosstalk-in-orchestrating-primary-root-elongation-in-sugar-beet
#20
Willem Abts, Bert Vandenbussche, Maurice P De Proft, Bram Van de Poel
It is well-established in Arabidopsis and other species that ethylene inhibits root elongation through the action of auxin. In sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) ethylene promotes root elongation in a concentration dependent manner. However, the crosstalk between ethylene and auxin remains unknown during sugar beet seedling development. Our experiments have shown that exogenously applied auxin (indole-3-acetic acid; IAA) also stimulates root elongation. We also show that auxin promotes ethylene biosynthesis leading to longer roots...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
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