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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330217/a-systematic-review-of-network-meta-analyses-for-pharmacological-treatment-of-common-mental-disorders
#1
REVIEW
Taryn Williams, Dan J Stein, Jonathan Ipser
QUESTION: Network meta-analyses (NMAs) of treatment efficacy across different pharmacological treatments help inform clinical decision-making, but their methodological quality may vary a lot depending also on the quality of the included primary studies. We therefore conducted a systematic review of NMAs of pharmacological treatment for common mental disorders in order to assess the methodological quality of these NMAs, and to relate study characteristics to the rankings of efficacy and tolerability...
January 12, 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321077/social-anxiety-disorder-looking-back-and-moving-forward
#2
Matthew P Hyett, Peter M McEvoy
Fifty years have passed since social anxiety disorder (SAD) was first differentiated from other phobias. In the years since research has largely aligned with the zeitgeist of categorical classificatory frameworks, and has spanned identifying causes, maintenance factors and innovative interventions. Despite significant advances in the field, the capacity to conceptualise SAD as an independent entity is limited given the heterogeneity and dimensionality of diagnostic criteria, high rates of comorbidity, and non-specificity of aetiological mechanisms, maintaining factors and approaches to treatment...
January 11, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316807/cost-efficient-designs-for-three-arm-trials-with-treatment-delivered-by-health-professionals-sample-sizes-for-a-combination-of-nested-and-crossed-designs
#3
Mirjam Moerbeek
Background This article studies the design of trials that compare three treatment conditions that are delivered by two types of health professionals. The one type of health professional delivers one treatment, and the other type delivers two treatments, hence, this design is a combination of a nested and crossed design. As each health professional treats multiple patients, the data have a nested structure. This nested structure has thus far been ignored in the design of such trials, which may result in an underestimate of the required sample size...
January 1, 2018: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302525/association-of-social-anxiety-disorder-with-depression-and-quality-of-life-among-medical-undergraduate-students
#4
Imran Jahangirali Ratnani, Ashok Ukabhai Vala, Bharat Navinchandra Panchal, Deepak Sachchidanand Tiwari, Smruti S Karambelkar, Milankumar G Sojitra, Nidhi N Nagori
Objective: Social anxiety disorder (SAD), (also known as social phobia), is characterized by intense fear of social interaction and often associated with social avoidance and impairments. There is high risk for depression, substance use disorder, and suicide among them. Subjects and Methods: It is an observational, cross-sectional, single centered, questionnaire-based study assessing the frequency of SAD and depression and their possible association with quality of life among 290 consenting medical undergraduate students...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301475/frequency-of-psychological-alterations-in-primary-antiphospholipid-syndrome-preliminary-study
#5
M Sadetski, M L Tourinho Moretto, R P Correia de Araujo, J F de Carvalho
Objectives To detect the frequency of psychological alterations in primary antiphospholipid syndrome patients. Methods Thirty-six primary antiphospholipid syndrome patients were analyzed by a psychological interview using a standard protocol and review of medical charts. Clinical manifestations, associated comorbidities, antiphospholipid antibodies, and treatment were also evaluated. Results The mean age was 44.2 ± 10.8 years, 29 (80%) were women and 29 (80%) were of Caucasian race. The mean duration of disease was 7...
January 1, 2018: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273344/the-effects-of-oxytocin-on-social-cognition-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#6
A Servan, J Brunelin, E Poulet
INTRODUCTION: Deficits in social cognition and interpersonal difficulties are key features in borderline personality disorder. Social cognition refers to the function of perceiving and adequately dealing with social signals, leading to the establishment and maintenance of healthy and positive social relationships. Evidence suggests that oxytocin (OT) may improve social cognition and human social behavior. Recently, several studies have highlighted the beneficial effects of oxytocin in several psychiatric conditions involving social cognition deficits such as schizophrenia, autism or social phobia...
December 19, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250000/social-fear-conditioning-paradigm-in-virtual-reality-social-vs-electrical-aversive-conditioning
#7
Jonas Reichenberger, Sonja Porsch, Jasmin Wittmann, Verena Zimmermann, Youssef Shiban
In a previous study we could show that social fear can be induced and extinguished using virtual reality (VR). In the present study, we aimed to investigate the belongingness effect in an operant social fear conditioning (SFC) paradigm which consisted of an acquisition and an extinction phase. Forty-three participants used a joystick to approach different virtual male agents that served as conditioned stimuli. Participants were randomly allocated to one of two experimental conditions. In the electroshock condition, the unconditioned stimulus (US) used during acquisition was an electric stimulation...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241430/past-year-treatment-utilization-among-individuals-meeting-dsm-5-ptsd-criteria-results-from-a-nationally-representative-sample
#8
Andrew C Hale, Rebecca K Sripada, Kipling M Bohnert
OBJECTIVE: Little is known regarding treatment utilization among individuals meeting DSM-5 criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHODS: Data were analyzed from the third wave of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions, a nationally representative sample using DSM-5 criteria. RESULTS: Factors related to increased odds of PTSD treatment utilization for individuals meeting lifetime criteria included some college education versus less than a high school degree (odds ratio [OR]=3...
December 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223798/self-reported-volitional-control-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-from-a-community-cohort-associations-with-current-past-and-future-mental-disorders
#9
Eva Asselmann, Kevin Hilbert, Jana Hoyer, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Roselind Lieb, Gerhard Bühringer, Katja Beesdo-Baum
Alterations in volitional control have been found for various mental disorders. However, it remains unclear to which degree such alterations vary by type of psychopathology and constitute preceding vulnerabilities or correlates of mental disorders. DSM-IV mental disorders were assessed among adolescents and young adults from the community at baseline (age 14-24) and in up to 3 follow-up assessments over 10 years (n = 2515) using a standardized diagnostic interview (DIA-X/M-CIDI). Self-reported volitional control was assessed at second follow-up (T2) when subjects were aged 17-28 using the German version of the Short Form of the Volitional Components Inventory...
November 21, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213247/mediating-effects-of-global-negative-effect-expectancies-on-the-association-between-problematic-cannabis-use-and-social-anxiety
#10
Maria Di Blasi, Paola Cavani, Laura Pavia, Crispino Tosto, Sabina La Grutta, Rosa Lo Baido, Cecilia Giordano, Adriano Schimmenti
The relationship between social anxiety (SA) and cannabis use among adolescents and young adults is a highly debated topic. In this cross-sectional study, we tested whether cannabis use expectancies mediated the association between SA and cannabis use severity in a sample of 343 young adults (74.3% male) who used cannabis. They completed self-report measures for the screening of problematic cannabis use (Cannabis Use Problems Identification Test) and SA symptoms (Social Interaction Anxiety Scale and Social Phobia Scale)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212828/detecting-anxiety-in-individuals-with-parkinson-disease-a-systematic-review
#11
Bria Mele, Jayna Holroyd-Leduc, Eric E Smith, Tamara Pringsheim, Zahinoor Ismail, Zahra Goodarzi
OBJECTIVE: To examine diagnostic accuracy of anxiety detection tools compared with a gold standard in outpatient settings among adults with Parkinson disease (PD). METHODS: A systematic review was conducted. MEDLINE, EMABASE, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched to April 7, 2017. Prevalence of anxiety and diagnostic accuracy measures including sensitivity, specificity, and likelihood ratios were gathered. Pooled prevalence of anxiety was calculated using Mantel-Haenszel-weighted DerSimonian and Laird models...
December 6, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212134/association-between-attention-bias-to-threat-and-anxiety-symptoms-in-children-and-adolescents
#12
Rany Abend, Leone de Voogd, Elske Salemink, Reinout W Wiers, Koraly Pérez-Edgar, Amanda Fitzgerald, Lauren K White, Giovanni A Salum, Jie He, Wendy K Silverman, Jeremy W Pettit, Daniel S Pine, Yair Bar-Haim
BACKGROUND: Considerable research links threat-related attention biases to anxiety symptoms in adults, whereas extant findings on threat biases in youth are limited and mixed. Inconsistent findings may arise due to substantial methodological variability and limited sample sizes, emphasizing the need for systematic research on large samples. The aim of this report is to examine the association between threat bias and pediatric anxiety symptoms using standardized measures in a large, international, multi-site youth sample...
December 6, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199899/alcohol-and-drug-use-pain-and-psychiatric-symptoms-among-adults-seeking-outpatient-psychiatric-treatment-latent-class-patterns-and-relationship-to-health-status
#13
Danielle E Ramo, Amber L Bahorik, Kevin L Delucchi, Cynthia I Campbell, Derek D Satre
BACKGROUND: Substance use, psychiatric problems, and pain frequently co-occur, yet clinical profiles of treatment-seeking patients are poorly understood. To inform service and treatment planning, substance use and symptom patterns were examined in an outpatient psychiatry clinic, along with the relationship of these patterns to demographic characteristics and physical health. METHODS: Patients (N = 405; age M = 38; 69% White; 60% female) presenting for intake in a psychiatry outpatient clinic completed a computerized assessment of psychiatric problems, drinking, and drug use...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198039/brief-report-screening-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-for-anxiety-and-depression
#14
Yong-Hwee Nah, Neil Brewer, Robyn L Young, Rebecca Flower
Although depression and anxiety are the most common comorbidities in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), descriptive data for their prevalence among autistic adults are limited. This study provides descriptive data for a cohort of 155 autistic adults (mean age = 27.1 years, SD = 11.9) of average IQ on the short-form version of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales and the Mini Social Phobia Inventory. Also included were 79 non-ASD participants (mean age = 26.2, SD = 10.2) who completed the mini-SPIN...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178857/mini-social-phobia-inventory-mini-spin-psychometric-properties-and-population-based-norms-of-the-german-version
#15
Jörg Wiltink, Sören Kliem, Matthias Michal, Claudia Subic-Wrana, Iris Reiner, Manfred E Beutel, Elmar Brähler, Rüdiger Zwerenz
BACKGROUND: A short screening for social anxiety disorder is useful in clinical and epidemiological contexts. However, the German version of the short form of the Social Phobia Inventory (mini-SPIN) has not been evaluated yet. Therefore, our aim was to determine reliability, validity and population based norms of the German mini-SPIN. METHODS: The mini-SPIN was evaluated in a clinical (N = 1254) and in a representative community sample (N = 1274). Clinical diagnoses, the Patient Health Questionnaire depression (PHQ-9) and somatization modules (PHQ-15), the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7), the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS), and the Short-Form-12 Health Survey (SF-12) were used in the clinical sample...
November 25, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170069/a-common-neural-network-differentially-mediates-direct-and-social-fear-learning
#16
Björn Lindström, Jan Haaker, Andreas Olsson
Across species, fears often spread between individuals through social learning. Yet, little is known about the neural and computational mechanisms underlying social learning. Addressing this question, we compared social and direct (Pavlovian) fear learning showing that they showed indistinguishable behavioral effects, and involved the same cross-modal (self/other) aversive learning network, centered on the amygdala, the anterior insula (AI), and the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC). Crucially, the information flow within this network differed between social and direct fear learning...
November 20, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167723/the-impact-of-audio-book-on-the-elderly-mental-health
#17
Fereshteh Ameri, Naser Vazifeshenas, Abbas Haghparast
Introduction: The growing elderly population calls mental health professionals to take measures concerning the treatment of the elderly mental disorders. Today in developed countries, bibliotherapy is used for the treatment of the most prevalent psychiatric disorders. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the effects of audio book on the elderly mental health of Retirement Center of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences. Methods: This experimental study was conducted on 60 elderly people participated in 8 audio book presentation sessions, and their mental health aspects were evaluated through mental health questionnaire (SCL-90-R)...
September 2017: Basic and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145793/portrayal-of-generalized-anxiety-disorder-in-youtube%C3%A2-videos
#18
Sarah A MacLean, Corey H Basch, Rachel Reeves, Charles E Basch
BACKGROUND: Individuals often search the Internet for information about their medical conditions, such as generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), a common mental health disorder. AIMS: To describe the content of the most popular videos on YouTube™ related to GAD. METHODS: Videos with at least 50,000 views in October 2016 were coded for information regarding symptoms, treatments and causes for GAD. Associations of content with factors such as popularity and focus on a personal experience were examined...
December 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137173/psychiatric-disorders-differently-correlate-with-physical-self-rated-health-across-ethnic-groups
#19
Shervin Assari
In this study, we compared 10 ethnic groups for associations between psychiatric disorders and physical self-rated health (SRH) in the United States. Data came from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES), 2001-2003. The study included 7587 non-Latino White, 4746 African American, 1442 Mexican, 1106 other Hispanic, 656 other Asian, 600 Chinese, 577 Cuban, 520 Vietnamese, 508 Filipino, and 495 Puerto Rican individuals. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) was used to measure psychiatric disorders, including major depressive disorder (MDD), general anxiety disorder (GAD), social phobia, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), alcohol abuse, and binge eating disorders...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124989/perceived-rather-than-actual-overweight-is-associated-with-mental-health-problems-in-adolescence
#20
Vilma Lankinen, Sari Fröjd, Mauri Marttunen, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino
BACKGROUND: Overweight and perceived overweight are common among adolescents. The nature of the relationship between overweight/perceived overweight and mental health problems is still unclear. AIMS: The aim of this study was to examine whether actual overweight, perceived overweight or both are associated with internalizing and externalizing disorders among adolescents. METHODS: Data were collected by two similar school surveys in all Finnish-speaking secondary schools in Tampere (population 200,000) in the academic years 2002-2003 and 2012-2013...
November 10, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
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