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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622045/age-related-characteristics-of-outpatients-with-anxiety-disorders-the-leiden-routine-outcome-monitoring-study
#1
Anke Schat, Martijn S van Noorden, Therese van Amelsvoort, Erik J Giltay, Nic J A van der Wee, Marc J Noom, Robert R J M Vermeiren, Frans G Zitman
OBJECTIVE: It has been hypothesised that clinically important age-related differences between adults with anxiety disorders exist; this study aims to elucidate these differences. METHODS: We analysed data from 1950 outpatients diagnosed with DSM-IV-TR anxiety disorders treated at a Dutch hospital or affiliated mental healthcare centres. Three age-groups (young- (18-25; n = 435), mid- (26-40; n = 788) and older adult (41-65; n = 727)) were compared with regard to social demographic characteristics, diagnostic characteristics, anxiety symptom profile, general psychiatric symptom profile and generic health status, in addition, linear analyses were carried out with age as a continuous variable...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618768/psychosocial-functioning-in-pediatric-patients-with-pectus-excavatum-and-pectus-carinatum
#2
Aliye Tuğba Bahadir, Pınar Kuru Bektaşoğlu, Aylin Çakiroğlu Eser, Ceyda Afacan, Mustafa Yüksel
BACKGROUND/AIM: Pectus excavatum and pectus carinatum are the most commonly seen anterior chest wall deformities. Recent studies reveal that minimal invasive repair of pectus deformities improves the quality of life. Our aim is to assess the psychosocial functioning and sociodemographic characteristics of pediatric patients with pectus deformities and evaluate the differences between patients operated on with minimal invasive repair techniques and nonoperated patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  Thirty-two patients with pectus deformities who were operated on 6 months or more before and 31 nonoperated patients participated in the study...
June 12, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617373/-a-psychological-content-of-social-phobia-syndrome
#3
O A Sagalakova, D V Truevtsev, I Ya Stoyanova
AIM: To perform a psychological analysis of social phobia syndrome. The subject area of research is the structure of mental activity and behavior in social activity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 32 patients with symptoms of social phobia (ICD-10 F40.1) and 29 healthy people (controls). A complex of psychological methods (questionnaires; pathopsychological experiment) was used. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Early maladaptive schemes and a tendency to mental rigidity can be a premorbid basis of the syndrome...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601111/allometric-control-of-affective-fluctuations-in-early-adolescents-their-association-with-anxiety-symptoms-and-temperament-traits
#4
Aina Fiol-Veny, Alejandro De la Torre-Luque, Maria Balle, Xavier Bornas
Many physiological systems are multistable, i.e. they operate at different time scales under an allometric control process. The multistability of affective fluctuations has been clearly illustrated in a sample of adults, but little is known about their dynamics in adolescents. The main aim of this study was to determine whether affective fluctuations in adolescents show multistability and to explore their relationship with anxiety symptomatology and temperamental factors. Twenty-five early adolescents self-reported their daily mood, anxiety and worry levels twice a day over a 100-day period...
July 2017: Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599192/psychophysiological-and-self-reported-reactivity-associated-with-social-anxiety-and-public-speaking-fear-symptoms-effects-of-fear-versus-distress
#5
Georgia Panayiotou, Maria Karekla, Dora Georgiou, Elena Constantinou, Michaela Paraskeva-Siamata
This study examines psychophysiological and subjective reactivity to anxiety-provoking situations in relation to social anxiety and public speaking fear. We hypothesized that social anxiety symptoms would be associated with similar reactivity across types of imaginary anxiety scenes and not specifically to social anxiety-related scenes. This would be attributed to co-existing depression symptoms. Public speaking fear was expected to be associated with more circumscribed reactivity to survival-threat scenes, due to its association with fearfulness...
June 1, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580504/emotion-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-youth-with-anxiety-disorders-a-randomized-trial
#6
Cynthia Suveg, Anna Jones, Molly Davis, Marni L Jacob, Diana Morelen, Kristel Thomassin, Monica Whitehead
Difficulties with emotion regulation are a core feature of anxiety disorders (ADs) in children and adults. Interventions with a specific focus on emotion regulation are gaining empirical support. Yet, no studies to date have compared the relative efficacy of such interventions to existing evidence-based treatments. Such comparisons are necessary to determine whether emotion-focused treatments might be more effective for youth exhibiting broad emotion-regulation difficulties at pretreatment. This study examined an emotion-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy (ECBT) protocol in comparison to traditional cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) in a sample of children with a primary anxiety disorder diagnosis...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579966/problematic-alcohol-use-among-university-students
#7
Tesfa Mekonen, Wubalem Fekadu, Tefera Chane, Shimelash Bitew
BACKGROUND: Alcohol is attributable to many diseases and injury-related health conditions, and it is the fifth leading risk factor of premature death globally. Hence, the objective of this study was to assess the proportion and associated factors of problematic alcohol use among University students. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study was conducted among 725 randomly selected University students from November to December 2015. Data were collected by self-administered questionnaire, and problematic alcohol use was assessed by Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579072/the-impact-of-comorbid-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-on-clinical-features-pharmacological-treatment-strategies-and-treatment-outcomes-results-from-a-cross-sectional-european-multicenter-study
#8
Markus Dold, Lucie Bartova, Alexander Kautzky, Daniel Souery, Julien Mendlewicz, Alessandro Serretti, Stefano Porcelli, Joseph Zohar, Stuart Montgomery, Siegfried Kasper
This international, multicenter, cross-sectional study comprising 1346 adult in- and outpatients with major depressive disorder (MDD) investigated the association between MDD as primary diagnosis and comorbid post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In a cross-sectional data collection process, the presence of comorbid PTSD was determined by the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) and the patients' socio-demographic, clinical, psychopharmacological, and response information were obtained. Clinical features between MDD with and without concurrent PTSD were compared using descriptive statistics, analyses of covariance (ANCOVA), and binary logistic regression analyses...
May 31, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561634/-social-anxiety-and-self-esteem-hungarian-validation-of-the-brief-fear-of-negative-evaluation-scale-straightforward-items
#9
Dóra Perczel-Forintos, Szilvia Kresznerits
INTRODUCTION: Although social anxiety disorder (SAD) is the third most frequent emotional disorder with 13-15% prevalence rate, it remains unrecognized very often. Social phobia is associated with low self-esteem, high self-criticism and fear of negative evaluation by others. It shows high comorbidity with depression, alcoholism, drug addiction and eating disorders. AIM: To adapt the widely used "Fear of Negative Evaluation" (FNE) social phobia questionnaire. METHOD: Anxiety and mood disorder patients (n = 255) completed the Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale (30, 12 and 8 item-versions) as well as social cognition, anxiety and self-esteem questionnaires...
June 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558881/social-anxiety-and-internet-socialization-in-indian-undergraduate-students-an-exploratory-study
#10
Bianca S Honnekeri, Akhil Goel, Maithili Umate, Nilesh Shah, Avinash De Sousa
BACKGROUND: Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) is a globally prevalent, chronic, debilitating psychiatric disorder affecting youth. With comorbidities including major depression, substance abuse, lower educational and work attainment, and increased suicide risk, it has a significant public health burden. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of SAD in urban Indian undergraduate students and to study their Facebook (FB) usage patterns. METHODS: In this exploratory cross-sectional study, 316 undergraduate students were screened for social anxiety using validated instruments, Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) and Social Phobia Scale (SPS), and divided into two groups based on scores obtained...
June 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555716/trajectories-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-dimensions-in-adults
#11
R G Karam, D L Rovaris, V Breda, F A Picon, M M Victor, C A I Salgado, E S Vitola, N R Mota, K L Silva, M Meller, L A Rohde, E H Grevet, C H D Bau
OBJECTIVE: There is a lack of available information on the trajectories of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) dimensions during adulthood. This study investigates the course and the predictors of change for each ADHD domain in a clinical sample of adults with ADHD. METHOD: Adults with ADHD (n = 344) were followed up for 7 years, with a final retention rate of 66.0%. Trajectories of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity and their potential predictors were examined...
May 26, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544944/mood-and-anxiety-disorders-in-australia-and-new-zealand-s-indigenous-populations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Emma Black, Steve Kisely, Karolina Alichniewicz, Maree Toombs
The Indigenous populations of Australia and New Zealand are considered at higher risk of mood and anxiety disorders but many studies do not include direct comparisons with similar non-Indigenous controls. We conducted a systematic search of relevant electronic databases, as well as snowballing and targeted searches of the grey literature. Studies were included for meta-analysis if they compared rates of mood and anxiety disorders between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians or Maori. Seven Australian and 10 NZ studies were included...
May 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541923/does-verruca-vulgaris-affect-social-anxiety-and-self-esteem-in-adolescents
#13
Dilek Unal, Fatma Pelin Cengiz, Nazan Emiroglu
Objective Sensitivity about appearance is one of the sine qua non of adolescence and adolescents' self-esteem effecting their socialization processes. We explored if verruca vulgaris, a common visible infectious skin disease, affects social anxiety levels and self-esteem in adolescents compared to controls. Also, the difference in sociodemographic properties between two groups and the effect of clinical properties (the distribution and number of warts) on these parameters were investigated in the patient group...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540453/linking-anxiety-and-insistence-on-sameness-in-autistic-children-the-role-of-sensory-hypersensitivity
#14
Karen R Black, Ryan A Stevenson, Magali Segers, Busiswe L Ncube, Sol Z Sun, Aviva Philipp-Muller, James M Bebko, Morgan D Barense, Susanne Ferber
Sensory hypersensitivity and insistence on sameness (I/S) are common, co-occurring features of autism, yet the relationship between them is poorly understood. This study assessed the impact of sensory hypersensitivity on the clinical symptoms of specific phobia, separation anxiety, social anxiety and I/S for autistic and typically developing (TD) children. Parents of 79 children completed questionnaires on their child's difficulties related to sensory processing, I/S, and anxiety. Results demonstrated that sensory hypersensitivity mediated 67% of the relationship between symptoms of specific phobia and I/S and 57% of the relationship between separation anxiety and I/S...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513061/disorder-specific-versus-generic-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-of-anxiety-disorders-in-children-and-young-people-a-systematic-narrative-review-of-evidence-for-the-effectiveness-of-disorder-specific-cbt-compared-with-the-disorder-generic-treatment-coping-cat
#15
Rose Oldham-Cooper, Maria Loades
BACKGROUND: Coping Cat (CC), a generic cognitive-behavioral intervention for anxiety disorders in children and young people, is recommended in the United Kingdom for social anxiety disorder (SAD), generalized anxiety disorder, separation anxiety (SA), and specific phobias (SP), with disorder-specific approaches generally favored in treatment of anxiety disorders in adults. OBJECTIVES: To compare CC with disorder-specific cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) interventions based on anxiety-related treatment outcomes...
February 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505537/investigation-of-pyrazolo-sulfonamides-as-putative-small-molecule-oxytocin-receptor-agonists
#16
Timothy A Katte, Tristan A Reekie, Eryn L Werry, William T Jorgensen, Rochelle Boyd, Erick C N Wong, Damien W Gulliver, Mark Connor, Michael Kassiou
The neuropeptide oxytocin has been implicated in multiple central nervous system functions in mammalian species. Increased levels have been reported to improve trust, alleviate symptoms related to autism and social phobias, and reduce social anxiety. Hoffman-La Roche published a patent claiming to have found potent small molecule oxytocin receptor agonists, smaller than the first non-peptide oxytocin agonist reported, WAY 267,464. We selected two of the more potent compounds from the patent and, in addition, created WAY 267,464 hybrid structures and determined their oxytocin and vasopressin receptor activity...
May 4, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491314/major-depressive-disorder-with-religious-struggle-and-completed-suicide-after-hair-transplantation
#17
Mehmet Emin Ceylan, Barış Önen Ünsalver, Alper Evrensel
OBJECTIVES: Psychological outcomes of aesthetic surgical procedures like hair transplantation are mostly positive including decreased anxiety, depression and social phobia and increased general well-being, self-efficacy and self-esteem. However, some patients may suffer from post-surgical depression and post-surgical increased suicide rates have been reported for breast augmentation patients. Difficulty adapting to the new image, unfulfilled psychological needs expected to be met by the surgery, side effects of the surgery like tissue swelling or bruising, uncontrolled pain, presence of body dysmorphic disorder and previous history of mood disorder may be some of the risk factors for post-surgical depression...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473521/a-mixed-methods-survey-of-social-anxiety-anxiety-depression-and-wig-use-in-alopecia
#18
Kerry Montgomery, Caroline White, Andrew Thompson
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine levels of social anxiety, anxiety and depression reported by people with alopecia as a result of a dermatological condition and associations with wig use. The study also sought to report on experiences of wearing wigs in social situations and the relationship with social confidence. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey was sent by email to the Alopecia UK charity mailing list and advertised on social media. PARTICIPANTS: Inclusion criteria were a diagnosis of alopecia, aged 13 or above and sufficient English to complete the survey...
May 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472176/testing-the-metacognitive-model-against-the-benchmark-cbt-model-of-social-anxiety-disorder-is-it-time-to-move-beyond-cognition
#19
Henrik Nordahl, Adrian Wells
The recommended treatment for Social Phobia is individual Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy (CBT). CBT-treatments emphasize social self-beliefs (schemas) as the core underlying factor for maladaptive self-processing and social anxiety symptoms. However, the need for such beliefs in models of psychopathology has recently been questioned. Specifically, the metacognitive model of psychological disorders asserts that particular beliefs about thinking (metacognitive beliefs) are involved in most disorders, including social anxiety, and are a more important factor underlying pathology...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471212/hierarchical-structure-of-emotional-disorders-from-individual-symptoms-to-the-spectrum
#20
Monika A Waszczuk, Roman Kotov, Camilo Ruggero, Wakiza Gamez, David Watson
Classification of emotional disorders faces challenges of within-disorder heterogeneity and between-disorder comorbidity. The current study addressed these issues by analyzing all emotional disorder symptoms to identify homogeneous dimensions that characterize this domain. These dimensions were, in turn, used to define coherent syndromes and higher order factors. All of the emotional disorder symptoms specified in diagnostic manuals were assessed by interview in 2 treatment-seeking samples (N = 426 and 305), alongside clinical diagnoses and functioning measures...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
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