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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210232/confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-the-combined-social-phobia-scale-and-social-interaction-anxiety-scale-support-for-a-bifactor-model
#1
Rapson Gomez, Shaun D Watson
For the Social Phobia Scale (SPS) and the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) together, this study examined support for a bifactor model, and also the internal consistency reliability and external validity of the factors in this model. Participants (N = 526) were adults from the general community who completed the SPS and SIAS. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) of their ratings indicated good support for the bifactor model. For this model, the loadings for all but six items were higher on the general factor than the specific factors...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197107/augmentation-of-psychotherapy-through-alternative-preconscious-priming-a-case-series-exploring-effects-on-residual-symptoms
#2
Melha Zidani, Jean-Sébastien Audet, François Borgeat, Frederick Aardema, Kieron Philip O'Connor, Yasser Khazaal
The current paper describes a case series using a new strategy for facilitating change based on Augmentation of Psychotherapy through Alternative Preconscious Priming (APAP) (1) in the treatment of eight treatment-resistant patients suffering from social phobia or generalized anxiety disorder. The patients had previously only shown a partial response to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) despite good treatment adherence. The patients completed APAP using a computerized program, which consisted of three steps during which alternative, more functional thoughts and beliefs relevant to the idiosyncratic difficulties experienced by the patients were formulated...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196993/personality-disorders-and-its-association-with-anxiety-and-depression-among-patients-of-severe-acne-a-cross-sectional-study-from-eastern-india
#3
Sharmila Sarkar, Paramita Patra, Kakali Mridha, Sudip Kumar Ghosh, Asish Mukhopadhyay, Rajarshi Guha Thakurta
BACKGROUND: In many patients, emotional stress may exacerbate acne. Psychological problems such as social phobias, low self-esteem, or depression may also occur as a result of acne. The presence of acne may have some negative effect on the quality of life, self-esteem, and mood of the affected patients. While some studies have been undertaken about anxiety, depression, and personality patterns in patients with acne, only a few studies have been done to identify specific personality disorders in patients with acne...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191335/the-effectiveness-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-on-iranian-female-adolescents-suffering-from-social-anxiety
#4
Shima Ebrahiminejad, Hamid Poursharifi, Abbas Bakhshiour Roodsari, Zahra Zeinodini, Simasadat Noorbakhsh
BACKGROUND: Social anxiety is one of the most common psychological disorders that exists among children and adolescents, and it has profound effects on their psychological states and academic achievements. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) on diminishing social anxiety disorder symptoms and improving the self-esteem of female adolescents suffering from social anxiety. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Semi-experimental research was conducted on 30 female students diagnosed with social anxiety...
November 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173886/comparison-of-the-dsm-5-and-icd-10-panic-and-other-anxiety-disorders
#5
Borwin Bandelow
Anxiety disorders are the most prevalent mental disorders and are associated with substantial healthcare costs and a high burden of disease. In this article, changes in the new Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (the DSM-5) with respect to panic disorder/agoraphobia, generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, specific phobias, and selective mutism are compared with the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) system.
February 8, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165762/extended-release-guanfacine-in-pediatric-anxiety-disorders-a-pilot-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#6
Jeffrey R Strawn, Scott N Compton, Brigitte Robertson, Anne Marie Albano, Mohamed Hamdani, Moira A Rynn
OBJECTIVE: This is a feasibility study evaluating the safety, tolerability, and potential anxiolytic efficacy of the α2 agonist guanfacine extended-release (GXR) in children and adolescents with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), separation anxiety disorder (SAD), or social phobia/social anxiety disorder. METHODS: Youth aged 6-17 years with a primary diagnosis of GAD, SAD, and/or social anxiety disorder were treated with flexibly dosed GXR (1-6 mg daily, n = 62) or placebo (n = 21) for 12 weeks...
February 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144878/diverse-profiles-of-anxiety-related-disorders-in-fragile-x-cornelia-de-lange-and-rubinstein-taybi-syndromes
#7
Hayley Crawford, Jane Waite, Chris Oliver
Anxiety disorders are heightened in specific genetic syndromes in comparison to intellectual disability of heterogeneous aetiology. In this study, we described and contrasted anxiety symptomatology in fragile X (FXS), Cornelia de Lange (CdLS) and Rubinstein-Taybi syndromes (RTS), and compared the symptomatology to normative data for typically-developing children and children diagnosed with an anxiety disorder. Scores did not differ between children diagnosed with an anxiety disorder and (a) participants with FXS on social phobia, panic/agoraphobia, physical injury fears, and obsessive-compulsive subscales (b) participants with CdLS on separation anxiety, generalized anxiety, panic/agoraphobia, physical injury fears and obsessive-compulsive subscales, and (c) participants with RTS on panic/agoraphobia and obsessive-compulsive subscales...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132042/-reasons-and-consequences-of-somatoform-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents
#8
M Khundadze, N Geladze, R Mkheidze, N Khachapuridze, S Bakhtadze
The aim of our study was to find the reason of various forms of somatoform disorders (phobias, behavioral disorders, insomnia, tics, stuttering, enuresis, encopresis) in children and adolescents of various social status for diagnosis and treatment. We have examined 202 patients who referred to our clinic from 2012-2016. The age range was 2-18 years. After examination we have concluded the following recommendations: - to implement neuropsychological rehabilitation in order to stimulate mental development; - to work with speech therapist to improvement the speech; - to work individually with psychotherapist to improve the behavior; - to train the parent to manage the behavior at home; - to give the personal card containing information about exercises, games and puzzles to stimulate the development and in some cases to give individual educational program; - to give separate information to parents and in some cases to teachers of kindergartens and schools...
December 2016: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122091/d-cycloserine-augmentation-of-exposure-based-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-anxiety-obsessive-compulsive-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
David Mataix-Cols, Lorena Fernández de la Cruz, Benedetta Monzani, David Rosenfield, Erik Andersson, Ana Pérez-Vigil, Paolo Frumento, Rianne A de Kleine, JoAnn Difede, Boadie W Dunlop, Lara J Farrell, Daniel Geller, Maryrose Gerardi, Adam J Guastella, Stefan G Hofmann, Gert-Jan Hendriks, Matt G Kushner, Francis S Lee, Eric J Lenze, Cheri A Levinson, Harry McConnell, Michael W Otto, Jens Plag, Mark H Pollack, Kerry J Ressler, Thomas L Rodebaugh, Barbara O Rothbaum, Michael S Scheeringa, Anja Siewert-Siegmund, Jasper A J Smits, Eric A Storch, Andreas Ströhle, Candyce D Tart, David F Tolin, Agnes van Minnen, Allison M Waters, Carl F Weems, Sabine Wilhelm, Katarzyna Wyka, Michael Davis, Christian Rück
Importance: Whether and under which conditions D-cycloserine (DCS) augments the effects of exposure-based cognitive behavior therapy for anxiety, obsessive-compulsive, and posttraumatic stress disorders is unclear. Objective: To clarify whether DCS is superior to placebo in augmenting the effects of cognitive behavior therapy for anxiety, obsessive-compulsive, and posttraumatic stress disorders and to evaluate whether antidepressants interact with DCS and the effect of potential moderating variables...
January 25, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101372/lessons-i-have-learned-from-my-patients-everyday-life-with-primary-orthostatic-tremor
#10
Marie Vidailhet, Emmanuel Roze, Lucie Maugest, Cécile Gallea
BACKGROUND: Primary orthostatic tremor is a rare disorder that is still under-diagnosed or misdiagnosed. Motor symptoms are fairly characteristics but the real impact on the patient's every day life and quality of life is under-estimated. The "how my patients taught me" format describes the impact on the patients' every day life with their own words, which is rarely done. CASE PRESENTATION: A 46 year old lady was diagnosed primary orthostatic tremor (POT) based on the cardinal symptoms: feelings of instability, leg tremor and fear of falling in the standing position, improvement with walking and disappearance while sitting, frequency of Tremor in the 13-18Hz range, normal neurological examination...
2017: Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068460/side-effects-to-antidepressant-treatment-in-patients-with-depression-and-comorbid-panic-disorder
#11
Stewart A Shankman, Stephanie M Gorka, Andrea C Katz, Daniel N Klein, John C Markowitz, Bruce A Arnow, Rachel Manber, Barbara O Rothbaum, Michael E Thase, Alan F Schatzberg, Martin B Keller, Madhukar H Trivedi, James H Kocsis
OBJECTIVE: Side effects to antidepressant medication can affect the efficacy of treatment, but few predictors foretell who experiences side effects and which side effects they experience. This secondary data analysis examined whether depressed patients with comorbid panic disorder were more likely to experience side effects than those without panic disorder. The study also examined whether greater burden of side effects predicted a poorer treatment course for patients with panic disorder than those without panic disorder...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040827/family-structure-and-childhood-mental-disorders-new-findings-from-australia
#12
Francisco Perales, Sarah E Johnson, Janeen Baxter, David Lawrence, Stephen R Zubrick
PURPOSE: Many children now live in non-traditional families-including one-parent, blended, and step families. While a substantial body of international evidence indicates that these children display poorer cognitive and socio-emotional outcomes than children living in traditional families, research on childhood mental disorders is scarce. This report provides new evidence of the relationships between family structure and childhood mental disorders in an under-researched context, Australia...
December 31, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995827/prevalence-of-current-anxiety-disorders-in-people-with-bipolar-disorder-during-euthymia-a-meta-analysis
#13
B Pavlova, R H Perlis, O Mantere, C M Sellgren, E Isometsä, P B Mitchell, M Alda, R Uher
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are highly prevalent in people with bipolar disorder, but it is not clear how many have anxiety disorders even at times when they are free of major mood episodes. We aimed to establish what proportion of euthymic individuals with bipolar disorder meet diagnostic criteria for anxiety disorders. METHOD: We performed a random-effects meta-analysis of prevalence rates of current DSM-III- and DSM-IV-defined anxiety disorders (panic disorder, agoraphobia, social anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, specific phobia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, and anxiety disorder not otherwise specified) in euthymic adults with bipolar disorder in studies published by 31 December 2015...
December 20, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993256/-depression-and-anxiety-disorders-and-associated-factors-in-the-adolescent-colombian-population-2015-national-mental-health-survey
#14
Carlos Gómez-Restrepo, Adriana Bohórquez, Nathalie Tamayo Martínez, Martín Rondón, Nubia Bautista, Herney Rengifo, Mauricio Medina Rico
INTRODUCTION: There was a prevalence of mental disorders of 17% in adolescents in the past year. These tended to be chronic and their appearance at this age is associated with a worse prognosis than those in adulthood. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and mental factors associated with major depression and anxiety disorders. METHODS: Data were obtained from the IV National Mental Health Survey representing 5 regions. A structured computerised survey was conducted using the Computer Assisted Personal Interview-Composite International Diagnostic Interview-Adolescent Version (CAPI-CIDI-A), focused on the most common depression and anxiety disorders...
December 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993249/-prevalence-of-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-on-people-with-chronic-conditions-results-from-the-national-mental-health-survey-in-colombia-2015
#15
Nathalie Tamayo Martínez, Carlos Gómez-Restrepo, Sandra Ramírez, María Nelcy Rodríguez
INTRODUCTION: The study of mental disorders in people with chronic conditions recognises the importance of actively seeking and treating both, since chronic conditions have a higher prevalence than mental disorders and their comorbidity generates greater burden than if each one was considered separately. OBJECTIVES: To measure the prevalence of mood disorders and anxiety in a Colombian population of 12 years and older and with and without different chronic conditions...
December 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982312/repercussions-of-imprisonment-for-conjugal-violence-discourses-of-men
#16
Anderson Reis de Sousa, Álvaro Pereira, Gilvânia Patrícia do Nascimento Paixão, Nadirlene Gomes Pereira, Luana Moura Campos, Telmara Menezes Couto
Objective: to know the consequences that men experience related to incarceration by conjugal violence. Methods: qualitative study on 20 men in jail and indicted in criminal processes related to conjugal violence in a Court specialized in Family and Domestic Violence against women. The interviews were classified based on Collective Subject Discourse method, using NVIVO(r) software. Results: the collective discourse shows that the experience of preventive imprisonment starts a process of family dismantling, social stigma, financial hardship and psycho-emotional symptoms such as phobia, depression, hypertension, and headaches...
December 8, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935389/the-effect-of-interaction-anxiousness-scale-and-brief-social-phobia-scale-for-screening-social-anxiety-disorder-in-college-students-a-study-on-discriminative-validity
#17
Jianqin Cao, Jinwei Yang, Yuqiu Zhou, Fuliu Chu, Xiwu Zhao, Weiren Wang, Yunlong Wang, Tao Peng
BACKGROUND: Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is one of the most prevalent mental health problems, but there is little research concerning the effective screening instruments in practice. METHODS: This study was designed to examine the discriminative validity of Interaction Anxiousness Scale (IAS) and Brief Social Phobia Scale (BSPS) for the screening of SAD through the compared and combined analysis. Firstly, 421 Chinese undergraduates were screened by the IAS and BSPS...
December 2016: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923164/thinking-anxious-feeling-anxious-or-both-cognitive-bias-moderates-the-relationship-between-anxiety-disorder-status-and-sympathetic-arousal-in-youth
#18
Michelle Rozenman, Allison Vreeland, John Piacentini
Cognitive bias and physiological arousal are two putative markers that may underlie youth anxiety. However, data on relationships between cognitive bias and arousal are limited, and typically do not include behavioral measurement of these constructs in order to tap real-time processes. We aimed to examine the relationship between performance-based cognitive bias and sympathetic arousal during stress in clinically anxious and typically-developing youth. The sample included children and adolescents ages 9 to 17 (Mean age=13...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909449/association-between-dsm-iv-anxiety-disorders-and-suicidal-behaviors-in-a-community-sample-of-south-korean-adults
#19
Seong-Jin Cho, Jin Pyo Hong, Jun-Young Lee, Jeong Soo Im, Kyoung-Sae Na, Jee Eun Park, Maeng Je Cho
OBJECTIVE: There are conflicting reports about whether individual anxiety disorders are independently associated with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. We examined whether anxiety disorders are related to suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in a community sample of South Korean adults. METHODS: In-person interviews based on the South Korean version of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview were conducted to diagnose mental disorders. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to examine whether anxiety disorders were associated with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts...
November 2016: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898206/doomed-for-disorder-high-incidence-of-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-in-offspring-of-depressed-and-anxious-patients-a-prospective-cohort-study
#20
Petra J Havinga, Lynn Boschloo, Annelene J P Bloemen, Maaike H Nauta, Sybolt O de Vries, Brenda W J H Penninx, Robert A Schoevers, Catharina A Hartman
OBJECTIVE: Early recognition of individuals at risk for depressive and anxiety disorders is key in influencing onset and course of these disorders. Parental history is a potent risk factor for the development of these disorders in offspring. However, knowledge about the magnitude of this risk is limited as large-scale longitudinal studies with a follow-up into adulthood are scarce. Those offspring at highest risk may possibly be identified by easy-to-determine parental psychiatric characteristics, family context, and offspring characteristics...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
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