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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933238/high-particulate-matter-emission-from-additive-free-natural-american-spirit-cigarettes
#1
Yvonne Iffland, Ruth Müller, David Groneberg, Alexander Gerber
BACKGROUND: Involuntary exposure to health-threatening environmental tobacco smoke (Combined Mainstream and Side-stream Smoke, CMSS) is a worldwide problem, causing premature death of thousands of people. CMSS consists of particulate matter (PM), one of the main sources of indoor air pollution. PM constitutes a considerable health risk for passive smokers. It is important to inform the public about brand-specific differences in CMSS-associated PM, especially in the case of brands without additives, which are therefore promoted as natural and less health-threatening...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931984/knowledge-about-sources-of-dietary-fibres-and-health-effects-using-a-validated-scale-a-cross-country-study
#2
R P F Guiné, J Duarte, M Ferreira, P Correia, M Leal, I Rumbak, I C Barić, D Komes, Z Satalić, M M Sarić, M Tarcea, Z Fazakas, D Jovanoska, D Vanevski, E Vittadini, N Pellegrini, V Szűcs, J Harangozó, A El-Kenawy, O El-Shenawy, E Yalçın, C Kösemeci, D Klava, E Straumite
OBJECTIVES: Dietary fibre (DF) is one of the components of diet that strongly contributes to health improvements, particularly on the gastrointestinal system. Hence, this work intended to evaluate the relations between some sociodemographic variables such as age, gender, level of education, living environment or country on the levels of knowledge about dietary fibre (KADF), its sources and its effects on human health, using a validated scale. STUDY DESIGN: The present study was a cross-sectional study...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931210/ontological-security-and-connectivity-provided-by-pets-a-study-in-the-self-management-of-the-everyday-lives-of-people-diagnosed-with-a-long-term-mental-health-condition
#3
Helen Brooks, Kelly Rushton, Sandra Walker, Karina Lovell, Anne Rogers
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence that connecting people to relevant wellbeing-related resources brings therapeutic benefit, there is limited understanding, in the context of mental health recovery, of the potential value and contribution of pet ownership to personal support networks for self-management. This study aimed to explore the role of pets in the support and management activities in the personal networks of people with long-term mental health problems. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews centred on 'ego' network mapping were conducted in two locations (in the North West and in the South of England) with 54 participants with a diagnosis of a long-term mental health problem...
December 9, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919281/incidence-causes-and-consequences-of-preventable-adverse-drug-events-protocol-for-an-overview-of-reviews
#4
Brian Hutton, Salmaan Kanji, Erika McDonald, Fatemeh Yazdi, Dianna Wolfe, Kednapa Thavorn, Sally Pepper, Laurie Chapman, Becky Skidmore, David Moher
BACKGROUND: Medication errors represent a noteworthy source of harm to patients. In recent years, several systematic reviews have assessed the frequency and causes of these events, as well as other factors such as commonly associated drugs, their incidence in different specialties, and their consequences to patients. Despite this past literature, there remains a need to study discrepancies between these reviews and establish the current state of the evidence. The planned review will bring together, compare, and contract existing evidence related to the occurrence of medication errors in acute and continuing/long-term care settings...
December 5, 2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917484/to-consent-or-decline-hpv-vaccination-a-pilot-study-at-the-start-of-the-national-school-based-vaccination-program-in-sweden
#5
Maria Grandahl, Tanja Tydén, Ragnar Westerling, Tryggve Nevéus, Andreas Rosenblad, Erik Hedin, Marie Oscarsson
BACKGROUND: Parents' beliefs about human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination influence whether they allow their daughters to be vaccinated. We examined the association between parents' refusal and sociodemographic background, knowledge and beliefs about HPV, and the HPV vaccination in relation to the Health Belief Model. METHODS: The sample consisted of 200 (55%) parents of children aged 11-12 years in the Swedish national vaccination program. Data were collected using a self-reported questionnaire...
January 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916381/readability-analysis-of-online-resources-related-to-lung-cancer
#6
Kathleen D Weiss, Christina R Vargas, Olivia A Ho, Danielle J Chuang, Jonathan Weiss, Bernard T Lee
BACKGROUND: Patients seeking health information commonly use the Internet as the first source for material. Studies show that well-informed patients have increased involvement, satisfaction, and healthcare outcomes. As one-third of Americans have only basic or below basic health literacy, the National Institutes of Health and American Medical Association recommend patient-directed health resources be written at a sixth-grade reading level. This study evaluates the readability of commonly accessed online resources on lung cancer...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914633/what-can-big-data-offer-the-pharmacovigilance-of-orphan-drugs
#7
John Price
The pharmacovigilance of drugs for orphan diseases presents problems related to the small patient population. Obtaining high-quality information on individual reports of suspected adverse reactions is of particular importance for the pharmacovigilance of orphan drugs. The possibility of mining "big data" to detect suspected adverse reactions is being explored in pharmacovigilance generally but may have limited application to orphan drugs. Sources of big data such as social media may be infrequently used as communication channels by patients with rare disease or their caregivers or by health care providers; any adverse reactions identified are likely to reflect what is already known about the safety of the drug from the network of support that grows up around these patients...
November 30, 2016: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911096/evaluating-health-advice-in-a-web-2-0-environment-the-impact-of-multiple-user-generated-factors-on-hiv-advice-perceptions
#8
Joseph B Walther, Jeong-Woo Jang, Ashley A Hanna Edwards
Unlike traditional media, social media systems often present information of different types from different kinds of contributors within a single message pane, a juxtaposition of potential influences that challenges traditional health communication processing. One type of social media system, question-and-answer advice systems, provides peers' answers to health-related questions, which yet other peers read and rate. Responses may appear good or bad, responders may claim expertise, and others' aggregated evaluations of an answer's usefulness may affect readers' judgments...
December 2, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908456/wastewater-based-epidemiology-to-assess-human-exposure-to-pyrethroid-pesticides
#9
Nikolaos I Rousis, Ettore Zuccato, Sara Castiglioni
Pesticides are active substances with potentially adverse effects on human health, and therefore great effort is addressed to study the relation between their widespread use and the effects on humans. To track human exposure to pesticides, novel approaches are needed to give additional information on exposure at population level. In this study, a novel application of Wastewater-Based Epidemiology (WBE) was developed to measure the intake of pyrethroid pesticides in a population. Three human urinary metabolites of pyrethroids were selected and validated as biomarkers of exposure by evaluating their sources and stability in wastewater...
November 28, 2016: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905869/neurogenic-effects-of-low-dose-whole-body-hze-fe-ion-and-gamma-irradiation
#10
Tara B Sweet, Sean D Hurley, Michael D Wu, John A Olschowka, Jacqueline P Williams, M Kerry O'Banion
Understanding the dose-toxicity profile of radiation is critical when evaluating potential health risks associated with natural and man-made sources in our environment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of low-dose whole-body high-energy charged (HZE) iron (Fe) ions and low-energy gamma exposure on proliferation and differentiation of adult-born neurons within the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus, cells deemed to play a critical role in memory regulation. To determine the dose-response characteristics of the brain to whole-body Fe-ion vs...
December 1, 2016: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902960/optimising-measurement-of-health-related-characteristics-of-the-built-environment-comparing-data-collected-by-foot-based-street-audits-virtual-street-audits-and-routine-secondary-data-sources
#11
Triantafyllos Pliakas, Sophie Hawkesworth, Richard J Silverwood, Kiran Nanchahal, Chris Grundy, Ben Armstrong, Juan Pablo Casas, Richard W Morris, Paul Wilkinson, Karen Lock
The role of the neighbourhood environment in influencing health behaviours continues to be an important topic in public health research and policy. Foot-based street audits, virtual street audits and secondary data sources are widespread data collection methods used to objectively measure the built environment in environment-health association studies. We compared these three methods using data collected in a nationally representative epidemiological study in 17 British towns to inform future development of research tools...
November 27, 2016: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899688/source-of-sex-information-and-condom-use-intention-among-latino-adolescents
#12
Jillian S Eversole, Nancy F Berglas, Julianna Deardorff, Norman A Constantine
Adolescence is a common time for sexual initiation and information seeking about sexual health, yet little is known about how adolescents' sources of information about sex influence their sexual beliefs and behaviors. This is particularly true for Latino adolescents, whose sources of sex information and sexual behaviors are vastly understudied. A survey of ninth-grade Latino adolescents (N = 1,186) was employed to examine the relationship between adolescents' primary source of sex information and their intention to use condoms...
November 29, 2016: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898156/scoping-review-of-mobility-scooter-related-research-studies
#13
W Ben Mortenson, Jenny Kim
Mobility scooters are three- or four-wheeled power mobility devices regularly used by people who have difficulty ambulating. They also differ from power wheelchairs in terms of their driving controls, programmability, seating, and mounting method. Given their growing popularity and anecdotal concerns around their use, a scoping review was undertaken to identify empirical research about mobility scooters and to analyze their study design and purpose. Data sources included MedLINE, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Embase, and PsychINFO...
2016: Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896395/level-of-evidence-of-free-papers-presented-at-the-european-society-of-sports-traumatology-knee-surgery-and-arthroscopy-congress-from-2008-to-2016
#14
REVIEW
Jeffrey Kay, Muzammil Memon, Joelle Rogozinsky, Nicole Simunovic, Romain Seil, Jon Karlsson, Olufemi Rolland Ayeni
PURPOSE: The European Society of Sports Traumatology, Knee Surgery and Arthroscopy (ESSKA) congress is an important venue, and the research presented can be a critical source of information used to impact clinical decisions and health policies. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the level of evidence of clinical free papers presented at the ESSKA congress from 2008 to 2016. Moreover, this study evaluated whether there were any changes in the distribution of level of evidence over time...
November 28, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895489/health-provider-experiences-with-galactagogues-to-support-breastfeeding-a-cross-sectional-survey
#15
Alessandra N Bazzano, Lisa Littrell, Amelia Brandt, Shelley Thibeau, Kamala Thriemer, Katherine P Theall
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding for infants up to 6 months is widely recommended, yet breastfeeding rates are relatively low in the US. The most common reason women stop breastfeeding early is a perceived insufficiency of milk. Galactagogues are herbal and pharmaceutical products that can help increase milk supply; however, data on their efficacy and safety is limited. Lactation consultants, obstetricians, and other health providers are an important point of contact for breastfeeding women experiencing challenges with lactation...
2016: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891784/characterizing-facial-features-in-individuals-with-craniofacial-microsomia-a-systematic-approach-for-clinical-research
#16
Carrie L Heike, Erin Wallace, Matthew L Speltz, Babette Siebold, Martha M Werler, Anne V Hing, Craig B Birgfeld, Brent R Collett, Brian G Leroux, Daniela V Luquetti
BACKGROUND: Craniofacial microsomia (CFM) is a congenital condition with wide phenotypic variability, including hypoplasia of the mandible and external ear. We assembled a cohort of children with facial features within the CFM spectrum and children without known craniofacial anomalies. We sought to develop a standardized approach to assess and describe the facial characteristics of the study cohort, using multiple sources of information gathered over the course of this longitudinal study and to create case subgroups with shared phenotypic features...
November 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884965/-can-you-recommend-any-good-sti-apps-a-review-of-content-accuracy-and-comprehensiveness-of-current-mobile-medical-applications-for-stis-and-related-genital-infections
#17
Jo Gibbs, Voula Gkatzidou, Laura Tickle, Sarah R Manning, Tilna Tilakkumar, Kate Hone, Richard E Ashcroft, Pam Sonnenberg, S Tariq Sadiq, Claudia S Estcourt
OBJECTIVE: Seeking sexual health information online is common, and provision of mobile medical applications (apps) for STIs is increasing. Young people, inherently at higher risk of STIs, are avid users of technology, and apps could be appealing sources of information. We undertook a comprehensive review of content and accuracy of apps for people seeking information about STIs. METHODS: Search of Google Play and iTunes stores using general and specific search terms for apps regarding STIs and genital infections (except HIV), testing, diagnosis and management, 10 September 2014 to 16 September 2014...
November 24, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884812/consumers-use-of-umls-concepts-on-social-media-diabetes-related-textual-data-analysis-in-blog-and-social-q-a-sites
#18
Min Sook Park, Zhe He, Zhiwei Chen, Sanghee Oh, Jiang Bian
BACKGROUND: The widely known terminology gap between health professionals and health consumers hinders effective information seeking for consumers. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to better understand consumers' usage of medical concepts by evaluating the coverage of concepts and semantic types of the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) on diabetes-related postings in 2 types of social media: blogs and social question and answer (Q&A). METHODS: We collected 2 types of social media data: (1) a total of 3711 blogs tagged with "diabetes" on Tumblr posted between February and October 2015; and (2) a total of 58,422 questions and associated answers posted between 2009 and 2014 in the diabetes category of Yahoo! Answers...
November 24, 2016: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882621/youtube-as-a-source-for-parents-education-on-early-childhood-caries
#19
Rawan ElKarmi, Yazan Hassona, Dina Taimeh, Crispian Scully
BACKGROUND: Patients can and do search the Internet for information on various health-related topics. YouTube™ is one popular website they may consult. AIM: To examine the quality of information offered by YouTube™ for patients seeking information on early childhood caries (ECC). DESIGN: YouTube™ was searched for videos on ECC. The usefulness of selected videos in providing adequate information about ECC was evaluated using a 13-point usefulness score...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881145/evaluation-of-efficacy-and-efficiency-of-a-pragmatic-intervention-by-a-social-worker-to-support-informal-caregivers-of-elderly-patients-the-ice-study-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Astrid Pozet, Catherine Lejeune, Magalie Bonnet, Sandrine Dabakuyo, Michèle Dion, Philippe Fagnoni, Maryse Gaimard, Geneviève Imbert, Virginie Nerich, Audrey Foubert, Morgane Chotard, Marie Bonin, Amélie Anota, Franck Bonnetain
BACKGROUND: Medical progress and the lifestyle modification have prolonged life expectancy, despite the development of chronic diseases. Support and care for older subjects are often provided by a network of informal caregivers composed of family, friends and neighbors, who are essential in helping older persons to continue living at home. It has been shown that the extent and diversity of informal tasks may jeopardize the physical, mental and social wellbeing of caregivers. METHODS/DESIGN: The aim of the Informal Carers of Elderly cohort is to define, through a longitudinal study, profiles of caregivers of older patients with a diagnosis of one of the following diseases: cancer (breast, prostate, colorectal), neurodegenerative diseases (Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease and similar diseases), neurovascular diseases (stroke), sensory diseases (age-related macular degeneration (AMD)) and heart disease (heart failure)...
November 3, 2016: Trials
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