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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346243/modeling-flowsheet-data-to-support-secondary-use
#1
Bonnie L Westra, Beverly Christie, Steven G Johnson, Lisiane Pruinelli, Anne LaFlamme, Suzan G Sherman, Jung In Park, Connie W Delaney, Grace Gao, Stuart Speedie
The purpose of this study was to create information models from flowsheet data using a data-driven consensus-based method. Electronic health records contain a large volume of data about patient assessments and interventions captured in flowsheets that measure the same "thing," but the names of these observations often differ, according to who performs documentation or the location of the service (eg, pulse rate in an intensive care, the emergency department, or a surgical unit documented by a nurse or therapist or captured by automated monitoring)...
March 24, 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344767/finding-truth-across-different-data-sources
#2
EDITORIAL
Alison Rein, Lisa A Simpson
The proliferation of new technology platforms and tools is dramatically advancing our ability to capture, integrate and use clinical and other health related data for research and care. Another critical and increasingly common source of data comes directly from patients - often in the form of Patient Reported Outcomes (PRO). As more providers and payers recognize that patient experiences reflect a critical dimension of the value proposition, these data are informing broader strategies to achieve performance improvement and accountability in health systems...
2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344120/a-systematic-review-of-lifestyle-counseling-for-diverse-patients-in-primary-care
#3
REVIEW
Cathy L Melvin, Melanie S Jefferson, LaShanta J Rice, Lynne S Nemeth, Andrea M Wessell, Paul J Nietert, Chanita Hughes-Halbert
Prior research and systematic reviews have examined strategies related to weight management, less is known about lifestyle and behavioral counseling interventions optimally suited for implementation in primary care practices generally, and among racial and ethnic patient populations. Primary care practitioners may find it difficult to access and use available research findings on effective behavioral and lifestyle counseling strategies and to assess their effects health behaviors among their patients. This systematic review compiled existing evidence from randomized trials to inform primary care providers about which lifestyle and behavioral change interventions are shown to be effective for changing patients' diet, physical activity and weight outcomes...
March 23, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343742/automatic-matching-of-surgeries-to-predict-surgeons-next-actions
#4
Germain Forestier, François Petitjean, Laurent Riffaud, Pierre Jannin
OBJECTIVE: More than half a million surgeries are performed every day worldwide, which makes surgery one of the most important component of global health care. In this context, the objective of this paper is to introduce a new method for the prediction of the possible next task that a surgeon is going to perform during surgery. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We formulate the problem as finding the optimal registration of a partial sequence to a complete reference sequence of surgical activities...
March 23, 2017: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338367/full-participation-of-students-with-physical-disabilities-in-science-and-engineering-laboratories
#5
Hervens Jeannis, James Joseph, Mary Goldberg, Katherine Seelman, Mark Schmeler, Rory A Cooper
PURPOSE: To conduct a literature review identifying barriers and facilitators students with physical disabilities (SwD-P) may encounter in science and engineering (S&E) laboratories. METHOD: Publications were identified from 1991 to 2015 in ERIC, web of science via web of knowledge, CINAHL, SCOPUS, IEEEXplore, engineering village, business source complete and PubMed databases using search terms and synonyms for accommodations, advanced manufacturing, additive manufacturing, assistive technology (AT), barriers, engineering, facilitators, instructor, laboratory, STEM education, science, students with disabilities and technology...
March 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338343/nuggets-of-wisdom-salmonella-enteritidis-outbreaks-and-the-case-for-new-rules-on-uncooked-frozen-processed-chicken
#6
J Leigh Hobbs, Bryna Warshawsky, Anne Maki, Sandra Zittermann, Allana Murphy, Anna Majury, Dean Middleton
In 2014 and 2015, three Canadian Salmonella serotype Enteritidis outbreak investigations implicated uncooked, frozen, processed chicken products produced at the same establishment, namely establishment A. In November 2014, a sustained increase in the number of reported domestically acquired Salmonella Enteritidis cases in Ontario led to the first outbreak investigation, which implicated uncooked, frozen, processed chicken products produced at establishment A. In June 2015, the identification of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis patterns that had not been previously reported in Canada led to a national Salmonella Enteritidis investigation...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336506/using-ehealth-technologies-interests-preferences-and-concerns-of-older-adults
#7
Patrick Ware, Susan J Bartlett, Guy Paré, Iphigenia Symeonidis, Cara Tannenbaum, Gillian Bartlett, Lise Poissant, Sara Ahmed
BACKGROUND: The Internet and eHealth technologies represent new opportunities for managing health. Age, sex, socioeconomic status, and current technology use are some of the known factors that influence individuals' uptake of eHealth; however, relatively little is known about facilitators and barriers to eHealth uptake specific to older adults, particularly as they relate to their experiences in accessing health care. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to explore the interests, preferences, and concerns of older adults in using the Internet and eHealth technologies for managing their health in relation to their experiences with the current health care system...
March 23, 2017: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335517/state-of-the-art-on-functional-virgin-olive-oils-enriched-with-bioactive-compounds-and-their-properties
#8
REVIEW
Patricia Reboredo-Rodríguez, María Figueiredo-González, Carmen González-Barreiro, Jesús Simal-Gándara, María Desamparados Salvador, Beatriz Cancho-Grande, Giuseppe Fregapane
Virgin olive oil, the main fat of the Mediterranean diet, is per se considered as a functional food-as stated by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA)-due to its content in healthy compounds. The daily intake of endogenous bioactive phenolics from virgin olive oil is variable due to the influence of multiple agronomic and technological factors. Thus, a good strategy to ensure an optimal intake of polyphenols through habitual diet would be to produce enriched virgin olive oil with well-known bioactive polyphenols...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334033/a-qualitative-study-mothers-of-late-preterm-infants-relate-their-experiences-of-community-based-care
#9
Shahirose S Premji, Genevieve Currie, Sandra Reilly, Aliyah Dosani, Lynnette May Oliver, Abhay K Lodha, Marilyn Young
PURPOSE: In Alberta, the high occurrence of late preterm infants and early hospital discharge of mother-infant dyads has implications for postpartum care in the community. Shortened hospital stay and complexities surrounding the care of biologically and developmentally immature late preterm infants heighten anxiety and fears. Our descriptive phenomenological study explores mothers' experience of caring for their late preterm infants in the community. METHODS: Eleven mothers were interviewed using a semi-structured interview guide...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334018/development-of-an-evidence-evaluation-and-synthesis-system-for-drug-drug-interactions-and-its-application-to-a-systematic-review-of-hiv-and-malaria-co-infection
#10
Kay Seden, Sara Gibbons, Catia Marzolini, Jonathan M Schapiro, David M Burger, David J Back, Saye H Khoo
BACKGROUND: In all settings, there are challenges associated with safely treating patients with multimorbidity and polypharmacy. The need to characterise, understand and limit harms resulting from medication use is therefore increasingly important. Drug-drug interactions (DDIs) are prevalent in patients taking antiretrovirals (ARVs) and if unmanaged, may pose considerable risk to treatment outcome. One of the biggest challenges in preventing DDIs is the substantial gap between theory and clinical practice...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331378/legislative-activity-related-to-the-human-papillomavirus-hpv-vaccine-in-the-united-states-2006-2015-a-need-for-evidence-based-policy
#11
Jessica Keim-Malpass, Emma M Mitchell, Pamela B DeGuzman, Mark H Stoler, Christine Kennedy
State-based policies to mandate HPV vaccination are politically challenging and have received broad criticisms. There is a critical need to understand the legislative activities that underpin subsequent policy implementation. The objective of this policy analysis was to analyze state legislation that focused on HPV vaccination from 2006-2015. A content analysis was conducted among primary sources of legislative data from HPV vaccine-related bills, including using the National Conference of State Legislatures as a search-source...
2017: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329465/youtube-as-a-source-of-health-information-analysis-of-sun-protection-and-skin-cancer-prevention-related-issues
#12
Linda Ruppert, Brian Køster, Anna Maria Siegert, Christian Cop, Lindsay Boyers, Chante Karimkhani, Helena Winston, Jessica Mounessa, Robert P Dellavalle, Daphne Reinau, Thomas Diepgen, Christian Surber
Although social media ubiquitously supplementstraditional information sources such as newspapers,magazines, radio, and television, investigation of onlinehealth information related to sun protection and skincancer prevention has been scarce and largely limitedto English language sources. Using the search terms"sun protection," "sunscreen," "skin cancer prevention,"tanning bed" and "vitamin D," we investigated 281YouTube videos presented in 6 languages: English,German, French, Spanish, Swedish, and Danish. Foreach video, we used a four-sectioned checklist toassess general information, popularity, expert drivenmeasures, and heuristic driven measures...
January 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327593/characterisation-of-mental-health-conditions-in-social-media-using-informed-deep-learning
#13
George Gkotsis, Anika Oellrich, Sumithra Velupillai, Maria Liakata, Tim J P Hubbard, Richard J B Dobson, Rina Dutta
The number of people affected by mental illness is on the increase and with it the burden on health and social care use, as well as the loss of both productivity and quality-adjusted life-years. Natural language processing of electronic health records is increasingly used to study mental health conditions and risk behaviours on a large scale. However, narrative notes written by clinicians do not capture first-hand the patients' own experiences, and only record cross-sectional, professional impressions at the point of care...
March 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327198/improving-the-adaptability-of-who-evidence-informed-guidelines-for-nutrition-actions-results-of-a-mixed-methods-evaluation
#14
Maria Cecilia Dedios, Alexo Esperato, Luz Maria De-Regil, Juan Pablo Peña-Rosas, Susan L Norris
BACKGROUND: Over the past decade, the World Health Organization (WHO) has implemented a standardized, evidence-informed guideline development process to assure technically sound and policy-relevant guidelines. This study is an independent evaluation of the adaptability of the guidelines produced by the Evidence and Programme Guidance unit, at the Department of Nutrition for Health and Development (NHD). The study systematizes the lessons learned by the NHD group at WHO. METHODS: We used a mixed methods approach to determine the adaptability of the nutrition guidelines...
March 21, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326797/positive-and-negative-social-exchanges-experienced-by-fathers-and-mothers-of-children-with-autism
#15
Emily J Hickey, Lindsay Dubois, Sigan L Hartley
When faced with child-related challenges associated with autism spectrum disorder, positive and negative social exchanges may be critical to parents' psychological well-being. This study examined the types and sources of positive and negative social exchanges reported by mothers and fathers of children with autism spectrum disorder and their association with parental depressive symptoms in 176 families of children (5-12 years; 85% male) with autism spectrum disorder. One-way repeated measure multivariate analyses of variance and multilevel modeling were used...
March 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325132/physical-symptoms-and-working-performance-in-female-breast-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-review
#16
Kamilla Zomkowski, Bruna Cruz de Souza, Fabiana Pinheiro da Silva, Géssica Maria Moreira, Natália de Souza Cunha, Fabiana Flores Sperandio
PURPOSE: The aim of this systematic review was to summarize and systematize the information about physical symptoms and its relation with work activity on female Breast Cancer Survivors (BCS). METHODS: A systematic search was performed on the databases MEDLINE/PubMed (via National Library of Medicine), SCOPUS (Elsevier), Web of Science (Thomson Reuters Scientific) and CINAHL with full text (EBSCO), including papers about physical impairments experienced by female workers who have had breast cancer...
March 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322879/the-association-between-beliefs-about-vitamin-d-and-skin-cancer-risk-related-behaviors
#17
Dawn M Holman, Zahava Berkowitz, Gery P Guy, Natasha Buchanan Lunsford, Elliot J Coups
Major health organizations recommend obtaining most of one's vitamin D through dietary sources rather than from sun exposure, given the link between sun exposure and increased skin cancer risk. The purpose of this study is to examine the association between beliefs about vitamin D and skin cancer risk-related behaviors, a topic on which research is limited. We analyzed cross-sectional online survey data collected in the summer of 2015 from 4127U.S. adults aged 18years and older. Overall, 19.7% of adults believed that sun protection would put them at risk of not getting enough vitamin D...
March 17, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321877/pharmacological-interventions-for-acute-hepatitis-b-infection-an-attempted-network-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Konstantinos Mantzoukis, Manuel Rodríguez-Perálvarez, Elena Buzzetti, Douglas Thorburn, Brian R Davidson, Emmanuel Tsochatzis, Kurinchi Selvan Gurusamy
BACKGROUND: Infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) can be symptomatic or asymptomatic. Apart from chronic HBV infection, the complications related to acute HBV infection are severe acute viral hepatitis and fulminant hepatitis characterised by liver failure. The optimal pharmacological treatment of acute HBV infection remains controversial. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of pharmacological interventions in the treatment of acute HBV infection through a network meta-analysis and to generate rankings of the available treatments according to their safety and efficacy...
March 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321845/hidradenitis-suppurativa-gains-increasing-interest-on-world-wide-web-a-source-for-patient-information
#19
Schapoor Hessam, Johannes Salem, Falk G Bechara, Axel Haferkamp, Axel Heidenreich, Pia Paffenholz, Michael Sand, Igor Tsaur, Hendrik Borgmann
BACKGROUND: Gathering health information from Internet websites is increasingly utilized by patients. No data exist about hidradenitis suppurativa (HS)-related online health information. Thus, we aimed to study the quality, popularity, readability, and timeliness of the most frequented websites on HS. METHODS: Google Trends was used to evaluate the public interest in HS. An Internet search on Google was performed for the terms "hidradenitis suppurativa," "acne inversa," and "Verneuil's disease...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320526/assessment-and-risk-modeling-of-airborne-enteric-viruses-emitted-from-wastewater-reused-for-irrigation
#20
D Courault, I Albert, S Perelle, A Fraisse, P Renault, A Salemkour, P Amato
Reclamation of wastewater (WW) for irrigation, after treatment represents a challenge that could alleviate pressure on water resources and address the increasing demand for agriculture. However, the risks to human health must be assessed, particularly those related to human enteric viruses that resist standard treatments in most wastewater treatment plants (WWTP). The risks associated with exposure to viral bioaerosols near WWTP and near agricultural plots irrigated with WW are poorly documented. The objectives of this study were to 1) better characterize human enteric viruses found in bioaerosols near a "standard WWTP" and over fields irrigated with treated WW and 2) propose a numeric model to assess the health risk to populations located close to the irrigated areas, with particular attention to norovirus, which is responsible for most viral gastroenteritis in France...
March 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
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