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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644851/comorbidities-in-the-diseasome-are-more-apparent-than-real-what-bayesian-filtering-reveals-about-the-comorbidities-of-depression
#1
Peter Marx, Peter Antal, Bence Bolgar, Gyorgy Bagdy, Bill Deakin, Gabriella Juhasz
Comorbidity patterns have become a major source of information to explore shared mechanisms of pathogenesis between disorders. In hypothesis-free exploration of comorbid conditions, disease-disease networks are usually identified by pairwise methods. However, interpretation of the results is hindered by several confounders. In particular a very large number of pairwise associations can arise indirectly through other comorbidity associations and they increase exponentially with the increasing breadth of the investigated diseases...
June 23, 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643034/assessing-internet-based-information-used-to-aid-patient-decision-making-about-surgery-for-perianal-crohn-s-fistula
#2
J H Marshall, D M Baker, M J Lee, G L Jones, A J Lobo, S R Brown
BACKGROUND: Decision-making in perianal Crohn's fistula (pCD) is preference sensitive. Patients use the internet to access healthcare information. The aim of this study was to assess the online information and patient decision aids relating to surgery for pCD. METHODS: A search of Google™ and the Decision Aids Library Inventory (DALI) was performed using a predefined search strategy. Patient-focussed sources providing information about pCD surgery were included in the analysis...
June 22, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642216/what-predicts-online-health-information-seeking-behavior-among-egyptian-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Mayada Ghweeba, Antje Lindenmeyer, Sobhi Shishi, Mostafa Abbas, Amani Waheed, Shaymaa Amer
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, the Internet has become an important source of health-related information for a wide range of users worldwide. Yet, little is known about the personal characteristics of Egyptian Internet users who search for online health information (OHI). OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to identify the personal characteristics of Egyptian OHI seekers and to determine any associations between their personal characteristics and their health information-seeking behavior...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641057/child-anthropometry-data-quality-from-demographic-and-health-surveys-multiple-indicator-cluster-surveys-and-national-nutrition-surveys-in-the-west-central-africa-region-are-we-comparing-apples-and-oranges
#4
Daniel J Corsi, Jessica M Perkins, S V Subramanian
BACKGROUND: There has been limited work comparing survey characteristics and assessing the quality of child anthropometric data from population-based surveys. OBJECTIVE: To investigate survey characteristics and indicators of quality of anthropometric data in children aged 0-59 months from 23 countries in the West Central Africa region. METHODS: Using established methodologies and criteria to examine child age, sex, height, and weight, we conducted a comprehensive assessment and scoring of the quality of anthropometric data collected in 100 national surveys...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640900/predictors-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-and-consumption-of-soft-semi-solid-or-solid-food-among-infants-in-boucle-du-mouhoun-burkina-faso-a-cross-sectional-survey
#5
Jenny A Cresswell, Rasmané Ganaba, Sophie Sarrassat, Simon Cousens, Henri Somé, Abdoulaye Hama Diallo, Veronique Filippi
INTRODUCTION: Exclusive breastfeeding is among the most effective interventions for preventing child mortality. The objectives of this paper are to describe infant feeding knowledge and practices in Boucle du Mouhoun, Burkina Faso; to identify predictors of exclusive breastfeeding among infants <6 months, and consumption of soft, semi-solid or solid food among infants 6-11 months; to describe mothers' sources of information regarding breastfeeding. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey (n = 2288) of a representative sample of women aged 15-49 years with at least one live birth in past year took place during June and July 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637725/filling-the-gaps-in-sards-research-collection-and-linkage-of-administrative-health-data-and-self-reported-survey-data-for-a-general-population-based-cohort-of-individuals-with-and-without-diagnoses-of-systemic-autoimmune-rheumatic-disease-sards-from-british
#6
Natalie McCormick, Kathryn Reimer, Ali Famouri, Carlo A Marra, J Antonio Aviña-Zubieta
PURPOSE: Systemic autoimmune rheumatic diseases (SARDs) are a group of debilitating autoimmune diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus and related disorders. Assessing the healthcare and economic burden of SARDs has been challenging: while administrative databases can be used to determine healthcare utilisation and costs with minimal selection and recall bias, other health, sociodemographic and economic data have typically been sourced from highly selected, clinic-based cohorts...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632532/postpartum-tubal-sterilization-making-the-case-for-urgency
#7
Michael G Richardson, Sarah J Hall, Lisa C Zuckerwise
The parturient who requests postpartum sterilization has given consideration to and has made decisions regarding this aspect of her medical care long before her delivery. She arrives at parturition expecting the postpartum procedure to be performed as intended. The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists has reaffirmed its opinion that postpartum sterilization is an urgent procedure, owing to the safety and superior effectiveness of tubal sterilization via minilaparotomy in the immediate postpartum period, and the adverse consequences for mothers, babies, and society when the procedure is not actualized as desired and intended...
June 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630036/understanding-health-information-seeking-on-the-internet-among-sexual-minority-people-cross-sectional-analysis-from-the-health-information-national-trends-survey
#8
Jennifer M Jabson, Joanne G Patterson, Charles Kamen
BACKGROUND: Individuals who face barriers to health care are more likely to access the Internet to seek health information. Pervasive stigma and heterosexism in the health care setting are barriers to health care for sexual minority people (SMP, ie, lesbian, gay, and bisexual people); therefore, SMP may be more likely to use the Internet as a source of health information compared to heterosexual people. OBJECTIVE: Currently, there is a dearth of published empirical evidence concerning health information seeking on the Internet among SMP; the current project addresses this gap...
June 19, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627261/maternal-psychological-distress-and-perceived-impact-on-child-feeding-practices-in-south-kivu-dr-congo
#9
Jillian A Emerson, Wietse Tol, Laura E Caulfield, Shannon Doocy
BACKGROUND: Maternal mental health problems are associated with poor child growth and suboptimal child feeding practices, yet little qualitative research has been conducted to understand mothers' perceptions about how maternal mental ill health and child nutrition are related. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to understand maternal perceptions on sources of psychological distress, and how distress impacts functioning, especially related to childcare and feeding practices among mothers of young children in South Kivu, DR Congo...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625707/-algorithms-based-on-medico-administrative-data-in-the-field-of-endocrine-nutritional-and-metabolic-diseases-especially-diabetes
#10
S Fosse-Edorh, A Rigou, S Morin, L Fezeu, L Mandereau-Bruno, A Fagot-Campagna
BACKGROUND: Medico-administrative databases represent a very interesting source of information in the field of endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases. The objective of this article is to describe the early works of the Redsiam working group in this field. METHODS: Algorithms developed in France in the field of diabetes, the treatment of dyslipidemia, precocious puberty, and bariatric surgery based on the National Inter-schema Information System on Health Insurance (SNIIRAM) data were identified and described...
June 15, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625335/provision-of-information-to-consumers-about-the-calorie-content-of-alcoholic-drinks-did-the-responsibility-deal-pledge-by-alcohol-retailers-and-producers-increase-the-availability-of-calorie-information
#11
M Petticrew, N Douglas, C Knai, N Maani Hessari, M A Durand, E Eastmure, N Mays
OBJECTIVES: Alcohol is a significant source of dietary calories and is a contributor to obesity. Industry pledges to provide calorie information to consumers have been cited as reasons for not introducing mandatory ingredient labelling. As part of the Public Health Responsibility Deal (RD) in England, alcohol retailers and producers committed to providing consumers with information on the calorie content of alcoholic drinks. This study examines what was achieved following this commitment and considers the implications for current industry commitments to provide information on alcohol calories...
May 27, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624642/drugsemantics-a-corpus-for-named-entity-recognition-in-spanish-summaries-of-product-characteristics
#12
Isabel Moreno, Ester Boldrini, Paloma Moreda, M Teresa Romá-Ferri
For the healthcare sector, it is critical to exploit the vast amount of textual health-related information. Nevertheless, healthcare providers have difficulties to benefit from such quantity of data during pharmacotherapeutic care. The problem is that such information is stored in different sources and their consultation time is limited. In this context, Natural Language Processing techniques can be applied to efficiently transform textual data into structured information so that it could be used in critical healthcare applications, being of help for physicians in their daily workload, such as: decision support systems, cohort identification, patient management, etc...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622285/what-is-the-effectiveness-of-systemic-corticosteroids-in-children-with-croup
#13
Elizabeth Muñoz-Osores, Deidyland Arenas
Systemic corticosteroids constitute standard treatment in children with acute obstructive laryngitis (croup). However, there is some uncertainty in relation with the magnitude of the benefits and risks associated with their use. To answer this question, we used Epistemonikos, the largest database of systematic reviews in health, which is maintained by screening multiple information sources, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, among others. We identified six systematic reviews including 25 randomized trials relevant for the question of interest...
June 6, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622021/source-credibility-and-e-cigarette-attitudes-implications-for-tobacco-communication
#14
Kathleen R Case, Allison J Lazard, Michael S Mackert, Cheryl L Perry
As there are many conflicting sources of e-cigarette information, research is needed to determine the impact of these sources on e-cigarette attitudes to inform future communication campaigns. Source credibility is important in shaping attitudes toward other health topics; however, no study has examined its role in influencing e-cigarette attitudes. Data from the 2015 Health Information National Trends Survey-FDA (HINTS-FDA) were utilized to assess differences in trust in different sources by e-cigarette user status and to investigate the associations between trust in sources and e-cigarette attitudes (n = 3,738)...
June 16, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620777/concentrations-of-lead-and-other-elements-in-the-liver-of-the-white-tailed-eagle-haliaeetus-albicilla-a-european-flagship-species-wintering-in-eastern-poland
#15
Ignacy Kitowski, Dariusz Jakubas, Dariusz Wiącek, Agnieszka Sujak
As a top predator, the white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) may serve as a good indicator species, providing information about the bioavailability of contaminants and their transfer within the food chain. In this study, we aimed to determine the common sources of origin of 17 metals and other elements in the liver of white-tailed eagles, and to compare the variations in their hepatic concentrations by age (adults vs immatures) and sex (males vs females) in groups of white-tailed eagles wintering in Eastern Poland...
June 15, 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619414/health-information-needs-and-reliability-of-sources-among-nondegree-health-sciences-students-a-prerequisite-for-designing-ehealth-literacy
#16
Hussein Haruna, Ndumiso Tshuma, Xiao Hu
BACKGROUND: Understanding health information needs and health-seeking behavior is a prerequisite for developing an electronic health information literacy (EHIL) or eHealth literacy program for nondegree health sciences students. At present, interest in researching health information needs and reliable sources paradigms has gained momentum in many countries. However, most studies focus on health professionals and students in higher education institutions. OBJECTIVE: The present study was aimed at providing new insight and filling the existing gap by examining health information needs and reliability of sources among nondegree health sciences students in Tanzania...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619033/social-representations-of-malaria-in-the-guna-indigenous-population-of-comarca-guna-de-madungandi-panama
#17
Lorenzo Cáceres, José E Calzada, Amanda Gabster, Josue Young, Ricardo Márquez, Rolando Torres, Margarita Griffith
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to recognize the social representation of the Guna indigenous population by identifying cultural elements related to malaria, in order to create an intercultural approach to any health intervention to control and prevent the disease. METHODS: This qualitative study has an anthropological focus that used participant observation, informal conversations, focus groups, interviews, in-depth interviews with key actors. Analyses included review, classification and categorization of interviews...
June 15, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616415/quality-evaluation-of-persian-nutrition-and-diet-therapy-websites
#18
Zahra Gholizadeh, Ahmad Papi, Hasan Ashrafi-Rizi, Leila Shahrzadi, Akbar Hasanzadeh
INTRODUCTION: Nowadays websites are among the most important information sources used by most people. With the spread of websites, especially those related to health issues, the number of their visitors also increases, more than half of which are about nutritional information. Therefore, quality analysis of nutrition and diet therapy websites is of outmost importance. This study aims to evaluate the quality of Persian nutrition and diet therapy websites. METHODS: The current work is a survey study and uses an applied study method...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615265/adequacy-of-nutritional-intake-from-food-and-supplements-in-a-cohort-of-pregnant-women-in-qu%C3%A3-bec-canada-the-3d-cohort-study-design-develop-discover
#19
Lise Dubois, Maikol Diasparra, Brigitte Bédard, Cynthia K Colapinto, Bénédicte Fontaine-Bisson, Anne-Sophie Morisset, Richard E Tremblay, William D Fraser
Background: Assessments of the dietary intakes in various populations suggest that pregnant women have difficulty meeting all their nutritional requirements through diet alone. Few large-scale studies have considered both food sources and supplements in assessing the adequacy of nutritional intakes during pregnancy.Objectives: Our study aimed to assess nutritional intakes during pregnancy by examining dietary sources and supplements. It then compared these findings with Dietary Reference Intakes.Design: We conducted a nutrition study in a large pregnancy cohort using a 3-d food record during the second trimester of pregnancy...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613057/-analysis-of-factors-related-to-the-number-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-derived-from-synovial-fluid-of-the-temporomandibular-joint
#20
Y P Sun, Y H Zheng, Z G Zhang
Objective: To analyze related factors on the number of mesenchymal stem cells in the synovial fluid of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and provide an research basis for understanding of the source and biological role of mesenchymal stem cells derived from synovial fluid in TMJ. Methods: One hundred and twenty-two synovial fluid samples from 91 temporomandibular disorders (TMD) patients who visited in Department of TMJ Center, Guanghua School of Stomatology, Hospital of Stomatology, Sun Yat-sen University from March 2013 to December 2013 were collected in this study, and 6 TMJ synovial fluid samples from 6 normal volunteers who were studying in the North Campus of Sun Yat-sen University were also collected, so did their clinical information...
June 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
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