Read by QxMD icon Read

Attributes of Information source for health on Quality improvement in OR

Ana Marusic, Elizabeth Wager, Ana Utrobicic, Hannah R Rothstein, Dario Sambunjak
BACKGROUND: Improper practices and unprofessional conduct in clinical research have been shown to waste a significant portion of healthcare funds and harm public health. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of educational or policy interventions in research integrity or responsible conduct of research on the behaviour and attitudes of researchers in health and other research areas. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the CENTRAL, MEDLINE, LILACS and CINAHL health research bibliographical databases, as well as the Academic Search Complete, AGRICOLA, GeoRef, PsycINFO, ERIC, SCOPUS and Web of Science databases...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Odette R Gibson, Leonie Segal
BACKGROUND: To describe reported studies of the impact on HbA1C levels, diabetes-related hospitalisations, and other primary care health endpoints of initiatives aimed at improving the management of diabetes in Indigenous adult populations of Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States. METHOD: Systematic literature review using data sources of MEDLINE, Embase, the Cochrane Library, CINHAL and PsycInfo from January 1985 to March 2012. Inclusion criteria were a clearly described primary care intervention, model of care or service, delivered to Indigenous adults with type 2 diabetes reporting a program impact on at least one quantitative diabetes-related health outcome, and where results were reported separately for Indigenous persons...
2015: BMC Health Services Research
Stanley Ing, Christina Lee, Dean Middleton, Rachel D Savage, Stephen Moore, Doug Sider
BACKGROUND: In Ontario, Canada, enteric case investigators perform a number of functions when conducting telephone interviews including providing health education, collecting data for regulatory purposes ultimately to prevent further illness, enforcement, illness source attribution and outbreak detection. Information collected must be of high quality as it may be used to inform decisions about public health actions that could have significant consequences such as excluding a person from work, recalling a food item that is deemed to be a health hazard, and/or litigations...
2014: BMC Public Health
H M Murphy, K D M Pintar, E A McBean, M K Thomas
The true incidence of endemic acute gastrointestinal illness (AGI) attributable to drinking water in Canada is unknown. Using a systematic review framework, the literature was evaluated to identify methods used to attribute AGI to drinking water. Several strategies have been suggested or applied to quantify AGI attributable to drinking water at a national level. These vary from simple point estimates, to quantitative microbial risk assessment, to Monte Carlo simulations, which rely on assumptions and epidemiological data from the literature...
December 2014: Journal of Water and Health
Claudia Allemani, Hannah K Weir, Helena Carreira, Rhea Harewood, Devon Spika, Xiao-Si Wang, Finian Bannon, Jane V Ahn, Christopher J Johnson, Audrey Bonaventure, Rafael Marcos-Gragera, Charles Stiller, Gulnar Azevedo e Silva, Wan-Qing Chen, Olufemi J Ogunbiyi, Bernard Rachet, Matthew J Soeberg, Hui You, Tomohiro Matsuda, Magdalena Bielska-Lasota, Hans Storm, Thomas C Tucker, Michel P Coleman
BACKGROUND: Worldwide data for cancer survival are scarce. We aimed to initiate worldwide surveillance of cancer survival by central analysis of population-based registry data, as a metric of the effectiveness of health systems, and to inform global policy on cancer control. METHODS: Individual tumour records were submitted by 279 population-based cancer registries in 67 countries for 25·7 million adults (age 15-99 years) and 75,000 children (age 0-14 years) diagnosed with cancer during 1995-2009 and followed up to Dec 31, 2009, or later...
March 14, 2015: Lancet
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Describing the characteristics and patterns of suicidal behavior is an essential component in developing successful prevention efforts. The Data and Surveillance Task Force (DSTF) of the National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention was charged with making recommendations for improving national data systems for public health surveillance of suicide-related problems, including suicidal thoughts, suicide attempts, and deaths due to suicide. PURPOSE: Data from the national systems can be used to draw attention to the magnitude of the problem and are useful for establishing national health priorities...
September 2014: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Andréa D Bertoldi, Panos Kanavos, Giovanny V A França, André Carraro, Cesar Augusto Ovieda Tejada, Pedro C Hallal, Alessandra Ferrario, Maria Inês Schmidt
BACKGROUND: With an estimated 74% of all deaths attributable to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in 2010, NCDs have become a major health priority in Brazil. The objective of the study was to conduct a comprehensive literature review on diabetes in Brazil; specifically: the epidemiology of type 2 diabetes, the availability of national and regional sources of data (particularly in terms of direct and indirect costs) and health policies for the management of diabetes and its complications...
2013: Globalization and Health
Mark Minnery, Eliana Jimenez-Soto, Sonja Firth, Kim-Huong Nguyen, Andrew Hodge
BACKGROUND: India has the world's highest total number of under-five deaths of any nation. While progress towards Millennium Development Goal 4 has been documented at the state level, little information is available for greater disaggregation of child health markers within states. In 2000, new states were created within the country as a partial response to political pressures. State-level information on child health trends in the new states of Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand is scarce. To fill this gap, this article examines under-five and neonatal mortality across various equity markers within these two new states, pre-and post-split...
2013: BMC Public Health
Ingrid Kirsten Bucens, Alison Reid, Aniceto Cardoso Barreto, Vikas Dwivedi, Megan Counahan
AIM: The aim of this study was to undertake a retrospective review of admissions and discharges to the neonatal unit at the National Hospital Guido Valadares, Dili, in order to gain insight into the epidemiology of hospitalised neonates in East Timor, as the information cannot be obtained from the hospital health management information system. METHOD: Data were sourced from unit registers for 3 years, 2008-2010 inclusive. Demographic characteristics and diagnoses were related to the risk of dying using stepwise multivariate logistic regression and adjusting for potential confounders of age, sex and weight...
June 2013: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
John P Hirdes, Jeff W Poss, Hilary Caldarelli, Brant E Fries, John N Morris, Gary F Teare, Kristen Reidel, Norma Jutan
BACKGROUND: Evidence informed decision making in health policy development and clinical practice depends on the availability of valid and reliable data. The introduction of interRAI assessment systems in many countries has provided valuable new information that can be used to support case mix based payment systems, quality monitoring, outcome measurement and care planning. The Continuing Care Reporting System (CCRS) managed by the Canadian Institute for Health Information has served as a data repository supporting national implementation of the Resident Assessment Instrument (RAI 2...
2013: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Christopher J Paciorek, Yang Liu
Research in scientific, public health, and policy disciplines relating to the environment increasingly makes use of high-dimensional remote sensing and the output of numerical models in conjunction with traditional observations. Given the public health and resultant public policy implications of the potential health effects of particulate matter (PM*) air pollution, specifically fine PM with an aerodynamic diameter < or = 2.5 pm (PM2.5), there has been substantial recent interest in the use of remote-sensing information, in particular aerosol optical depth (AOD) retrieved from satellites, to help characterize variability in ground-level PM2...
May 2012: Research Report (Res Rep Health Eff Inst)
Anna Sagan, Dimitra Panteli, W Borkowski, M Dmowski, F Domanski, M Czyzewski, Pawel Gorynski, Dorota Karpacka, E Kiersztyn, Iwona Kowalska, Malgorzata Ksiezak, K Kuszewski, A Lesniewska, I Lipska, R Maciag, Jaroslaw Madowicz, Anna Madra, M Marek, A Mokrzycka, Darius Poznanski, Alicja Sobczak, Christoph Sowada, Maria Swiderek, A Terka, Patrycja Trzeciak, Katarzyna Wiktorzak, Cezary Wlodarczyk, B Wojtyniak, Iwona Wrzesniewska-Wal, Dobrawa Zelwianska, Reinhard Busse
Since the successful transition to a freely elected parliament and a market economy after 1989, Poland is now a stable democracy and is well represented within political and economic organizations in Europe and worldwide. The strongly centralized health system based on the Semashko model was replaced with a decentralized system of mandatory health insurance, complemented with financing from state and territorial self-government budgets. There is a clear separation of health care financing and provision: the National Health Fund (NFZ) the sole payer in the system is in charge of health care financing and contracts with public and non-public health care providers...
2011: Health Systems in Transition
Efrat Neter, Esther Brainin
BACKGROUND: eHealth literacy is defined as the ability of people to use emerging information and communications technologies to improve or enable health and health care. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to explore whether literacy disparities are diminished or enhanced in the search for health information on the Internet. The study focused on (1) traditional digital divide variables, such as sociodemographic characteristics, digital access, and digital literacy, (2) information search processes, and (3) the outcomes of Internet use for health information purposes...
2012: Journal of Medical Internet Research
J C Hockenhull, R Whittington, M Leitner, W Barr, J McGuire, M G Cherry, R Flentje, B Quinn, Y Dundar, R Dickson
BACKGROUND: It has been estimated that violence accounts for more than 1.6 million deaths worldwide each year and these fatal assaults represent only a fraction of all assaults that actually occur. The problem has widespread consequences for the individual and for the wider society in physical, psychological, social and economic terms. A wide range of pharmacological, psychosocial and organisational interventions have been developed with the aim of addressing the problem. This review was designed to examine the effectiveness of these interventions when they are developed in mental health and criminal justice populations...
2012: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Bingheng Chen, Haidong Kan, Renjie Chen, Songhui Jiang, Chuanjie Hong
During the rapid economic development in China, ambient air pollutants in major cities, including PM10 (particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter < or =10 microm) and SO2 have been reduced due to various measures taken to reduce or control sources of emissions, whereas NO2 is stable or slightly increased. However, air pollution levels in China are still at the higher end of the world level. Less information is available regarding changes in national levels of other pollutants such as PM2.5 and ozone. The Chinese Ministry of Environmental Protection (MOEP) set an index for "controlling/reducing total SO2 emissions" to evaluate the efficacy of air pollution control strategy in the country...
November 2011: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
Werner Kulp, Michael Corzillus, Wolfgang Greiner, Ludger Pientka, Uwe Siebert, Johann-Matthias von der Schulenburg, Jürgen Wasem
OBJECTIVE: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the most prevalent inflammatory rheumatic disorder. It is a chronic and incurable disease that leads to painful inflammation, often irreversible joint damage, and eventually to functional loss. Conventional treatment is based on unspecific immunosuppressive agents, e.g. Methotrexate, Azathioprin or Gold. However, the longterm outcomes of these approaches have been poor with frequently ongoing inflammatory disease activity, functional decline, and temporary or permanent work disability...
2005: GMS Health Technology Assessment
Priska Binz Nocco
The treatment of diseases with mineral spring water belongs to the oldest medical therapies. The "remedy" mineral water is therefore of importance also within the pharmacy. The present pharmacy historical work examines the impact of the use of mineral waters, as well as of their dried components, as therapeutic agents in the 19th and early 20th centuries, i.e. from approx. 1810 to 1930, as well as the contributions given by pharmacists in the development and analysis of mineral water springs. Beside these aspects, the aim here is also to describe the role played by pharmacists in the production of artificial mineral water as well as in the sale and wholesale of natural and artificial mineral water...
2008: Veröffentlichungen der Schweizerischen Gesellschaft Für Geschichte der Pharmazie
Marta Martínez-Mora, María José Alvarez-Pasquín, Francisco Rodríguez-Salvanés
UNLABELLED: The Internet contains a large amount of useful information on many subjects, but also information of doubtful quality. To help identify Web sites on vaccine safety that fulfil good practice, the Global Advisory Committee on Vaccine Safety of the World Health Organization (WHO) has published criteria to which sites should adhere and a listing of Web sites that fulfil them. There are no studies describing the common attributes of these sites. OBJECTIVE: To examine the attributes, design characteristics and resources of Web sites belonging to the Vaccine Safety Net (VSN) of the WHO...
December 9, 2008: Vaccine
Indraneel Datta, Christi Findlay, John B Kortbeek, S Morad Hameed
BACKGROUND: For decades, trauma registries have been the primary source of data for resource allocation, quality improvement efforts and hypothesis-generating research in trauma care. Surprisingly, the quality and completion of data in these registries has rarely been reported. In preparation for a research program on population-based epidemiology of severe trauma, we evaluated the Calgary component of the Alberta Trauma Registry (ATR). METHODS: We identified the ATR records of all adult trauma patients (aged > or = 16 yr) admitted to hospitals in the Calgary Health Region (CRH) between April 1, 2001 and March 31, 2002 with severe injuries (Injury Severity Score > or = 12)...
June 2007: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
Suzanna M Zick, Ananda Sen, Yang Feng, Jen Green, Shade Olatunde, Heather Boon
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is a major cause of morbidity, mortality, and medical expenditures among women in Canada. Essiac (Resperin Canada Limited, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada), a blend of at least four herbs (burdock root [Arctium lappa], Indian rhubarb [Rheum palmatum], sheep sorrel [Rumex acetosella], and the inner bark of slippery elm [Ulmus fulva or U. rubra]), has become one of the more popular herbal remedies for breast-cancer treatment, secondary prevention, improving quality of life, and controlling negative side-effects of conventional breast-cancer treatment...
December 2006: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"