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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712711/medical-nutrition-education-training-and-competencies-to-advance-guideline-based-diet-counseling-by-physicians-a-science-advisory-from-the-american-heart-association
#1
REVIEW
Karen E Aspry, Linda Van Horn, Jo Ann S Carson, Judith Wylie-Rosett, Robert F Kushner, Alice H Lichtenstein, Stephen Devries, Andrew M Freeman, Allison Crawford, Penny Kris-Etherton
Growing scientific evidence of the benefits of heart-healthy dietary patterns and of the massive public health and economic burdens attributed to obesity and poor diet quality have triggered national calls to increase diet counseling in outpatients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease or risk factors. However, despite evidence that physicians are willing to undertake this task and are viewed as credible sources of diet information, they engage patients in diet counseling at less than desirable rates and cite insufficient knowledge and training as barriers...
April 30, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494321/clinical-practice-guideline-hoarseness-dysphonia-update
#2
Robert J Stachler, David O Francis, Seth R Schwartz, Cecelia C Damask, German P Digoy, Helene J Krouse, Scott J McCoy, Daniel R Ouellette, Rita R Patel, Charles Charlie W Reavis, Libby J Smith, Marshall Smith, Steven W Strode, Peak Woo, Lorraine C Nnacheta
Objective This guideline provides evidence-based recommendations on treating patients who present with dysphonia, which is characterized by altered vocal quality, pitch, loudness, or vocal effort that impairs communication and/or quality of life. Dysphonia affects nearly one-third of the population at some point in its life. This guideline applies to all age groups evaluated in a setting where dysphonia would be identified or managed. It is intended for all clinicians who are likely to diagnose and treat patients with dysphonia...
March 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281619/shortages-of-benzathine-penicillin-for-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-syphilis-an-evaluation-from-multi-country-surveys-and-stakeholder-interviews
#3
Stephen Nurse-Findlay, Melanie M Taylor, Margaret Savage, Maeve B Mello, Sanni Saliyou, Manuel Lavayen, Frederic Seghers, Michael L Campbell, Françoise Birgirimana, Leopold Ouedraogo, Morkor Newman Owiredu, Nancy Kidula, Lee Pyne-Mercier
BACKGROUND: Benzathine penicillin G (BPG) is the only recommended treatment to prevent mother-to-child transmission of syphilis. Due to recent reports of country-level shortages of BPG, an evaluation was undertaken to quantify countries that have experienced shortages in the past 2 years and to describe factors contributing to these shortages. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Country-level data about BPG shortages were collected using 3 survey approaches. First, a survey designed by the WHO Department of Reproductive Health and Research was distributed to 41 countries and territories in the Americas and 41 more in Africa...
December 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033552/therapy-preferences-of-patients-with-lung-and-colon-cancer-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#4
Katharina Schmidt, Kathrin Damm, Arndt Vogel, Heiko Golpon, Michael P Manns, Tobias Welte, J-Matthias Graf von der Schulenburg
OBJECTIVES: There is increasing interest in studies that examine patient preferences to measure health-related outcomes. Understanding patients' preferences can improve the treatment process and is particularly relevant for oncology. In this study, we aimed to identify the subgroup-specific treatment preferences of German patients with lung cancer (LC) or colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: Six discrete choice experiment (DCE) attributes were established on the basis of a systematic literature review and qualitative interviews...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464779/anti-inflammatory-and-antioxidant-agents-from-salvia-genus-lamiaceae-an-assessment-of-the-current-state-of-knowledge
#5
Marco Bonesi, Monica R Loizzo, Rosaria Acquaviva, Giuseppe A Malfa, Francesca Aiello, Rosa Tundis
BACKGROUND: Salvia species are known for their biological properties in many countries and might potentially provide novel therapeutic agents. This review provides an overview of the available literature on the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects of Salvia species. METHODS: Using bibliographic databases, particularly PubMed, this review aims to add new information to the list of Salvia species, including S. ceratophylla, S. chloroleuca, S. fruticosa, S. lachostachys, S...
2017: Anti-inflammatory & Anti-allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166175/using-twitter-to-identify-and-respond-to-food-poisoning-the-food-safety-stl-project
#6
Jenine K Harris, Jared B Hawkins, Leila Nguyen, Elaine O Nsoesie, Gaurav Tuli, Raed Mansour, John S Brownstein
CONTEXT: Foodborne illness affects 1 in 4 US residents each year. Few of those sickened seek medical care or report the illness to public health authorities, complicating prevention efforts. Citizens who report illness identify food establishments with more serious and critical violations than found by regular inspections. New media sources, including online restaurant reviews and social media postings, have the potential to improve reporting. OBJECTIVE: We implemented a Web-based Dashboard (HealthMap Foodborne Dashboard) to identify and respond to tweets about food poisoning from St Louis City residents...
November 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125625/on-the-identification-of-associations-between-five-world-health-organization-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-phenotypes-and-six-predictors-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#7
Hugh Ellis, Erica Schoenberger
BACKGROUND: According to the most recent estimates, 842,000 deaths in low- to middle-income countries were attributable to inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene in 2012. Despite billions of dollars and decades of effort, we still lack a sound understanding of which kinds of WASH interventions are most effective in improving public health outcomes, and an important corollary-whether the right things are being measured. The World Health Organization (WHO) has made a concerted effort to compile comprehensive data on drinking water quality and sanitation in the developing world...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27040721/interventions-to-prevent-misconduct-and-promote-integrity-in-research-and-publication
#8
REVIEW
Ana Marusic, Elizabeth Wager, Ana Utrobicic, Hannah R Rothstein, Dario Sambunjak
BACKGROUND: Improper practices and unprofessional conduct in clinical research have been shown to waste a significant portion of healthcare funds and harm public health. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of educational or policy interventions in research integrity or responsible conduct of research on the behaviour and attitudes of researchers in health and other research areas. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the CENTRAL, MEDLINE, LILACS and CINAHL health research bibliographical databases, as well as the Academic Search Complete, AGRICOLA, GeoRef, PsycINFO, ERIC, SCOPUS and Web of Science databases...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25889993/limited-evidence-to-assess-the-impact-of-primary-health-care-system-or-service-level-attributes-on-health-outcomes-of-indigenous-people-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Odette R Gibson, Leonie Segal
BACKGROUND: To describe reported studies of the impact on HbA1C levels, diabetes-related hospitalisations, and other primary care health endpoints of initiatives aimed at improving the management of diabetes in Indigenous adult populations of Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States. METHOD: Systematic literature review using data sources of MEDLINE, Embase, the Cochrane Library, CINHAL and PsycInfo from January 1985 to March 2012. Inclusion criteria were a clearly described primary care intervention, model of care or service, delivered to Indigenous adults with type 2 diabetes reporting a program impact on at least one quantitative diabetes-related health outcome, and where results were reported separately for Indigenous persons...
2015: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25523841/a-focus-group-study-of-enteric-disease-case-investigation-successful-techniques-utilized-and-barriers-experienced-from-the-perspective-of-expert-disease-investigators
#10
Stanley Ing, Christina Lee, Dean Middleton, Rachel D Savage, Stephen Moore, Doug Sider
BACKGROUND: In Ontario, Canada, enteric case investigators perform a number of functions when conducting telephone interviews including providing health education, collecting data for regulatory purposes ultimately to prevent further illness, enforcement, illness source attribution and outbreak detection. Information collected must be of high quality as it may be used to inform decisions about public health actions that could have significant consequences such as excluding a person from work, recalling a food item that is deemed to be a health hazard, and/or litigations...
2014: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25473972/a-systematic-review-of-waterborne-disease-burden-methodologies-from-developed-countries
#11
REVIEW
H M Murphy, K D M Pintar, E A McBean, M K Thomas
The true incidence of endemic acute gastrointestinal illness (AGI) attributable to drinking water in Canada is unknown. Using a systematic review framework, the literature was evaluated to identify methods used to attribute AGI to drinking water. Several strategies have been suggested or applied to quantify AGI attributable to drinking water at a national level. These vary from simple point estimates, to quantitative microbial risk assessment, to Monte Carlo simulations, which rely on assumptions and epidemiological data from the literature...
December 2014: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25467588/global-surveillance-of-cancer-survival-1995-2009-analysis-of-individual-data-for-25-676-887-patients-from-279-population-based-registries-in-67-countries-concord-2
#12
Claudia Allemani, Hannah K Weir, Helena Carreira, Rhea Harewood, Devon Spika, Xiao-Si Wang, Finian Bannon, Jane V Ahn, Christopher J Johnson, Audrey Bonaventure, Rafael Marcos-Gragera, Charles Stiller, Gulnar Azevedo e Silva, Wan-Qing Chen, Olufemi J Ogunbiyi, Bernard Rachet, Matthew J Soeberg, Hui You, Tomohiro Matsuda, Magdalena Bielska-Lasota, Hans Storm, Thomas C Tucker, Michel P Coleman
BACKGROUND: Worldwide data for cancer survival are scarce. We aimed to initiate worldwide surveillance of cancer survival by central analysis of population-based registry data, as a metric of the effectiveness of health systems, and to inform global policy on cancer control. METHODS: Individual tumour records were submitted by 279 population-based cancer registries in 67 countries for 25·7 million adults (age 15-99 years) and 75,000 children (age 0-14 years) diagnosed with cancer during 1995-2009 and followed up to Dec 31, 2009, or later...
March 14, 2015: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25145729/improving-national-data-systems-for-surveillance-of-suicide-related-events
#13
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Describing the characteristics and patterns of suicidal behavior is an essential component in developing successful prevention efforts. The Data and Surveillance Task Force (DSTF) of the National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention was charged with making recommendations for improving national data systems for public health surveillance of suicide-related problems, including suicidal thoughts, suicide attempts, and deaths due to suicide. PURPOSE: Data from the national systems can be used to draw attention to the magnitude of the problem and are useful for establishing national health priorities...
September 2014: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24299125/epidemiology-management-complications-and-costs-associated-with-type-2-diabetes-in-brazil-a-comprehensive-literature-review
#14
REVIEW
Andréa D Bertoldi, Panos Kanavos, Giovanny V A França, André Carraro, Cesar Augusto Ovieda Tejada, Pedro C Hallal, Alessandra Ferrario, Maria Inês Schmidt
BACKGROUND: With an estimated 74% of all deaths attributable to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in 2010, NCDs have become a major health priority in Brazil. The objective of the study was to conduct a comprehensive literature review on diabetes in Brazil; specifically: the epidemiology of type 2 diabetes, the availability of national and regional sources of data (particularly in terms of direct and indirect costs) and health policies for the management of diabetes and its complications...
December 3, 2013: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23978236/disparities-in-child-mortality-trends-in-two-new-states-of-india
#15
Mark Minnery, Eliana Jimenez-Soto, Sonja Firth, Kim-Huong Nguyen, Andrew Hodge
BACKGROUND: India has the world's highest total number of under-five deaths of any nation. While progress towards Millennium Development Goal 4 has been documented at the state level, little information is available for greater disaggregation of child health markers within states. In 2000, new states were created within the country as a partial response to political pressures. State-level information on child health trends in the new states of Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand is scarce. To fill this gap, this article examines under-five and neonatal mortality across various equity markers within these two new states, pre-and post-split...
2013: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23614700/three-years-of-neonatal-morbidity-and-mortality-at-the-national-hospital-in-dili-east-timor
#16
Ingrid Kirsten Bucens, Alison Reid, Aniceto Cardoso Barreto, Vikas Dwivedi, Megan Counahan
AIM: The aim of this study was to undertake a retrospective review of admissions and discharges to the neonatal unit at the National Hospital Guido Valadares, Dili, in order to gain insight into the epidemiology of hospitalised neonates in East Timor, as the information cannot be obtained from the hospital health management information system. METHOD: Data were sourced from unit registers for 3 years, 2008-2010 inclusive. Demographic characteristics and diagnoses were related to the risk of dying using stepwise multivariate logistic regression and adjusting for potential confounders of age, sex and weight...
June 2013: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23442258/an-evaluation-of-data-quality-in-canada-s-continuing-care-reporting-system-ccrs-secondary-analyses-of-ontario-data-submitted-between-1996-and-2011
#17
John P Hirdes, Jeff W Poss, Hilary Caldarelli, Brant E Fries, John N Morris, Gary F Teare, Kristen Reidel, Norma Jutan
BACKGROUND: Evidence informed decision making in health policy development and clinical practice depends on the availability of valid and reliable data. The introduction of interRAI assessment systems in many countries has provided valuable new information that can be used to support case mix based payment systems, quality monitoring, outcome measurement and care planning. The Continuing Care Reporting System (CCRS) managed by the Canadian Institute for Health Information has served as a data repository supporting national implementation of the Resident Assessment Instrument (RAI 2...
2013: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22838153/assessment-and-statistical-modeling-of-the-relationship-between-remotely-sensed-aerosol-optical-depth-and-pm2-5-in-the-eastern-united-states
#18
Christopher J Paciorek, Yang Liu
Research in scientific, public health, and policy disciplines relating to the environment increasingly makes use of high-dimensional remote sensing and the output of numerical models in conjunction with traditional observations. Given the public health and resultant public policy implications of the potential health effects of particulate matter (PM*) air pollution, specifically fine PM with an aerodynamic diameter < or = 2.5 pm (PM2.5), there has been substantial recent interest in the use of remote-sensing information, in particular aerosol optical depth (AOD) retrieved from satellites, to help characterize variability in ground-level PM2...
May 2012: Research Report (Res Rep Health Eff Inst)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22551527/poland-health-system-review
#19
REVIEW
Anna Sagan, Dimitra Panteli, W Borkowski, M Dmowski, F Domanski, M Czyzewski, Pawel Gorynski, Dorota Karpacka, E Kiersztyn, Iwona Kowalska, Malgorzata Ksiezak, K Kuszewski, A Lesniewska, I Lipska, R Maciag, Jaroslaw Madowicz, Anna Madra, M Marek, A Mokrzycka, Darius Poznanski, Alicja Sobczak, Christoph Sowada, Maria Swiderek, A Terka, Patrycja Trzeciak, Katarzyna Wiktorzak, Cezary Wlodarczyk, B Wojtyniak, Iwona Wrzesniewska-Wal, Dobrawa Zelwianska, Reinhard Busse
Since the successful transition to a freely elected parliament and a market economy after 1989, Poland is now a stable democracy and is well represented within political and economic organizations in Europe and worldwide. The strongly centralized health system based on the Semashko model was replaced with a decentralized system of mandatory health insurance, complemented with financing from state and territorial self-government budgets. There is a clear separation of health care financing and provision: the National Health Fund (NFZ) the sole payer in the system is in charge of health care financing and contracts with public and non-public health care providers...
2011: Health Systems in Transition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22357448/ehealth-literacy-extending-the-digital-divide-to-the-realm-of-health-information
#20
Efrat Neter, Esther Brainin
BACKGROUND: eHealth literacy is defined as the ability of people to use emerging information and communications technologies to improve or enable health and health care. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to explore whether literacy disparities are diminished or enhanced in the search for health information on the Internet. The study focused on (1) traditional digital divide variables, such as sociodemographic characteristics, digital access, and digital literacy, (2) information search processes, and (3) the outcomes of Internet use for health information purposes...
2012: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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