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cerebral sinus thrombosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225469/cerebral-sinus-thrombosis-in-parturient
#1
Anna A Chevakina, Vladimir V Merenkov, Yulia S Dyatlova
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222615/clinical-associations-biological-risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis
#2
Hafize Nalan Gunes, Burcu Gokce Cokal, Selda Keskin Guler, Tahir Kurtulus Yoldas, Umit Yavuz Malkan, Cemile Sencer Demircan, Mehmet Ilker Yon, Zeynep Yoldas, Gursel Gunes, Ibrahim Celalettin Haznedaroglu
Objective Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is a rare cerebrovascular disease affecting young adults. The majority of the patients are female. The aim of this study is to assess the clinical associations, risk factors and outcomes of the patients with CVST. Methods The data of 75 patients with CVST admitted to our hospital between 2006 and 2016 were reviewed. Demographic and clinical features and the thrombophilic risk factors of the patients were recorded. The localizations of the thrombi were determined and modified Rankin score at the time of onset and discharge were calculated...
December 2016: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213478/endovascular-mechanical-thrombectomy-for-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Adeel Ilyas, Ching-Jen Chen, Daniel M Raper, Dale Ding, Thomas Buell, Panogiotis Mastorakos, Kenneth C Liu
BACKGROUND: Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is an uncommon form of stroke that, when severe, can be a therapeutic challenge. Endovascular mechanical thrombectomy (EMT) techniques have significantly evolved over the past decade, but data regarding the efficacy and safety of EMT for CVST are poorly defined. OBJECTIVE: To summarize the large number of case series on this relatively rare condition and establish trends in the outcomes of EMT for CVST. METHODS: A literature review was performed using PubMed and Medline to identify reports of three or more patients with CVST treated with EMT...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208950/cerebral-venous-thrombosis-in-pregnancy-a-poignant-allegory-of-an-unusual-case
#4
Sheeba Marwah, Gaikwad Harsha Shailesh, Sumedha Gupta, Manjula Sharma, Pratima Mittal
Cerebral Venous Thrombosis (CVT), also known as cortical venous, cerebral sinus, cerebral venous sinus, or dural sinus thrombosis, is an infrequent grave condition affecting pregnant females, resulting from clot formation in one of the many outflow tracts of the brain. Although pregnancy-associated stroke or CVT is uncommon, the risk of stroke is greatly increased above the low baseline rate in young patients during late pregnancy and, even more so, during the puerperium. Haemorrhagic infarction can occur in the acute stage of CVT...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208901/a-comparative-study-of-neurological-complications-in-chronic-kidney-disease-with-special-reference-to-its-stages-and-haemodialysis-status
#5
S G Shyam Lakshman, P Ravikumar, Giridhari Kar, Dwijen Das, Kallol Bhattacharjee, Prithwiraj Bhattacharjee
INTRODUCTION: Globally, Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a critical and rapidly growing health problem and also a major cause of mortality and morbidity. Neurological complications occur in all levels of the nervous system. Central nervous system complications include cerebrovascular accidents, posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome, osmotic demyelization syndrome, cerebral infection and sinus vein thrombosis. Peripheral nervous system complications include polyneuropathy, mononeuropathy and carpal tunnel syndrome...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203183/cerebral-venous-thrombosis-in-the-superior-sagittal-sinus-as-a-rare-cause-of-a-paroxysmal-kinetic-tremor
#6
Kei Murao, Shuji Arakawa, Yoshihiko Furuta, Masahiro Shijo, Tetsuro Ago, Takanari Kitazono
Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) has a broad spectrum of clinical presentation compared to arterial etiology. Seizure is one of the common symptoms and is more frequent than in other stroke types. Hence, transient neurological symptoms in CVT patients are usually due to epileptic seizures, while transient repetitive movement disorder is extremely rare except as a complication of epilepsy. We report a case of CVT in the superior sagittal sinus with a 1-year history of paroxysmal kinetic tremor without evident epilepsy...
September 2016: Case Reports in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179559/acute-cerebral-venous-thrombosis-three-dimensional-visualization-and-quantification-of-hemodynamic-alterations-using-4-dimensional-flow-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#7
Florian Schuchardt, Anja Hennemuth, Laure Schroeder, Stephan Meckel, Michael Markl, Thomas Wehrum, Andreas Harloff
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) affects venous hemodynamics and can provoke severe stroke and chronic intracranial hypertension. We sought to comprehensively analyze 3-dimensional blood flow and hemodynamic alterations during acute CVT including collateral recruitment and at follow-up. METHODS: Twenty-two consecutive patients with acute CVT were prospectively included and underwent routine brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and 4-dimensional flow MRI at 3 T for the in vivo assessment of cerebral blood flow...
February 8, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175431/175%C3%A2-safety-of-anticoagulation-for-the-treatment-of-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-in-adult-trauma-patients
#8
David S Hersh, Erik Hayman, Bizhan Aarabi, Deborah Stein, Cara Diaz, Jennifer Massetti, Gary Thomas Schwartzbauer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157751/inherited-and-uncommon-causes-of-stroke
#9
Jennifer Juhl Majersik
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article is a practical guide to identifying uncommon causes of stroke and offers guidance for evaluation and management, even when large controlled trials are lacking in these rarer forms of stroke. RECENT FINDINGS: Fabry disease causes early-onset stroke, particularly of the vertebrobasilar system; enzyme replacement therapy should be considered in affected patients. Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL), often misdiagnosed as multiple sclerosis, causes migraines, early-onset lacunar strokes, and dementia...
February 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149032/unseen-face-of-varicella-zoster-infection-in-adults
#10
Gunchan Paul, Birinder S Paul, Gagandeep Singh
Varicella infection is common in children caused by varicella-zoster virus (VZV). VZV is known to cause cerebral arterial vasculopathy and antibody-mediated hypercoagulable state leading to thrombotic complications in children. Such complications in adults are very rare. We report three cases that represent the unseen face of primary varicella infection in adults. Simultaneous involvement of cortical venous sinus thrombosis and deep vein thrombosis leading to clot in right atrium and pulmonary embolism in first case; cortical venous sinus thrombosis in second case; and deep vein thrombosis in third case...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137899/cerebral-venous-thrombosis-as-the-first-presentation-of-classical-homocystinuria-in-an-adult-patient
#11
Emily Woods, Charlotte Dawson, Latha Senthil, Tarekegn Geberhiwot
A 30-year-old woman presented with severe headache, dysarthria and right hemiparesis. She was treated for suspected viral encephalopathy and recovered over the following weeks although the headaches persisted. Two months later she was treated in-hospital for pulmonary embolism. The following year she was readmitted for increased frequency of headaches and was given a diagnosis of migraine. A subsequent MRI head scan was suggestive of longstanding venous sinus infarcts and neuroradiology review concluded that encephalitis had been the incorrect initial diagnosis...
January 30, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123002/cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-secondary-to-otomastoiditis
#12
Mauricio F Villamar, Jessica D Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 25, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111701/thrombosis-of-venous-outflows-of-the-cavernous-sinus-possible-aetiology-of-the-cortical-venous-reflux-in-case-of-indirect-carotid-cavernous-fistulas
#13
Thomas Robert, Philippe Sylvestre, Raphaël Blanc, Daniele Botta, Gabriele Ciccio, Stanislas Smajda, Hocine Redjem, Michel Piotin
BACKGROUND: The presence of a cortical venous reflux (CVR) in a carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) is well described and is considered to be a criterion for urgent treatment. This reflux is often associated with direct/traumatic CCF and the high-flow of the fistula alone explains the reflux. For indirect CCF, the pathophysiology of a CVR is unclear. METHODS: All patients treated endovascularly for an indirect CCF with a cortical venous reflux between 2003 and 2015 were included...
January 22, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110589/incidences-risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-neonatal-thromboembolism
#14
Nongnuch Sirachainan, Anchalee Limrungsikul, Ampaiwan Chuansumrit, Pracha Nuntnarumit, Lunliya Thampratankul, Somporn Wangruangsathit, Werasak Sasanakul, Praguywan Kadegasem
BACKGROUND: The incidences of thromboembolism (TE) in neonates were reported to be around 0.51 per 10,000 live births per year for overall TE and 24 per 10,000 NICU admissions per year. As the incidences of TE in children and adults are lower in Asian populations, the incidences, risk factors, and outcomes of neonatal TE may be different to those reports from other countries. OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidences, risk factors and outcomes of neonatal TE in a tertiary care hospital in Thailand...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093349/combining-internal-carotid-ligation-with-low-flow-bypass-for-treating-large-giant-cavernous-sinus-segment-aneurysms-a-report-of-four-cases
#15
Chuan Chen, Bo Hou, Wen-Shen Li, Ying Guo
OBJECTIVE: We summarize the treatment effectiveness and experience of four cases that underwent internal carotid ligation combined with low-flow bypass as a treatment for large-giant cavernous sinus segment aneurysms (CS ICA aneurysms). METHOD: Surgery-suitable patients with large-giant CS ICA aneurysms received internal carotid ligation combined with low-flow superficial temporal artery - middle cerebral artery bypass surgery. All the patients were followed up for aneurysm prognosis, anastomosis patency, and occurrences of low flow-related ischemic complications...
January 13, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091816/pediatric-cerebral-sinovenous-thrombosis-following-cranial-surgery
#16
Dmitriy Petrov, Michael Y Uohara, Rebecca Ichord, Zarina Ali, Laura Jastrzab, Shih-Shan Lang, Lori Billinghurst
PURPOSE: Pediatric cerebral sinovenous thrombosis (CSVT) is an important, though less common subtype of pediatric stroke. It has been linked to several risk factors, including cranial procedures, with few studies highlighting this relationship. The aim of this study was to characterize the diagnosis and treatment of CSVT after cranial surgery. METHODS: An institutional pediatric stroke research database was used to identify all CSVT cases diagnosed within 30 days of cranial surgery from November 2004 to December 2014...
January 14, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065614/cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-presenting-feature-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#17
Rajesh Kumar Singh, Sanjeev Kumar Bhoi, Jayantee Kalita, Usha Kant Misra
BACKGROUND: CVST (cerebral venous sinus thrombosis) may sometimes be associated with autoimmune disorders that require specific treatment. The clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients with CVST are presented and contrasted with CVST without SLE. METHODS: Consecutive patients with CVST admitted in neurology service during 2012-2016 were included. The diagnosis of CVST was confirmed by MR venography or digital subtraction angiography...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060109/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-and-cerebral-sinus-thrombosis-in-a-case-of-pediatric-b-cell-all
#18
Ellen Fraint, Robin Miller, Andrew Walter
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) and cerebral sinus thrombosis are 2 known complications of acute lymphoblastic leukemia and its treatment. We describe a patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia whose course was complicated by both of these conditions. This case is novel both for the fact that PRES developed before the initiation of therapy and that PRES was followed shortly by the development of cerebral sinus thrombosis. Our patient's story raises questions about our current understanding of the pathophysiology of PRES, and it suggests that PRES may actually be a predisposing risk factor for cerebral sinus thrombosis...
March 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057836/acute-blindness-due-to-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-in-a-child
#19
Stavroula Ilia, Maria Raissaki, Elisavet Geromarkaki, George Briassoulis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043726/an-unusual-cause-of-unilateral-sixth-nerve-palsy
#20
Mehran Sotoodehnia, Arash Safaei, Fatemeh Rasooli, Maryam Bahreini
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis still remains a real challenge. Seizure, unusual headache with sudden onset, unexplained persistently unilateral vascular headache and neurologic deficit-which is difficult to be attributed to a vascular territory are some of the suggestive symptoms. CASE: An isolated sixth nerve palsy is discussed as a rare presentation for cerebral venous thrombosis. Following the extensive investigation to rule out other possible diagnoses, magnetic resonance venogram revealed the final etiology of sixth nerve palsy that was ipsilateral left transverse sinus thrombosis; therefore, anticoagulant treatment with low molecular weight heparin was administered...
December 12, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
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