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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720267/a-systematic-review-of-the-supportive-care-needs-of-people-living-with-and-beyond-cancer-of-the-colon-and-or-rectum
#1
REVIEW
Grigorios Kotronoulas, Constantina Papadopoulou, Kathryn Burns-Cunningham, Mhairi Simpson, Roma Maguire
PURPOSE: Gaining a clear understanding of the health needs and concerns of people with cancer of the colon and/or rectum can help identify ways to offer a comprehensive care package. Our aim was to systematically assess the relevant literature and synthesise current available evidence. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted according to the PRISMA Statement guidelines. Five electronic databases were searched to identify studies employing qualitative and/or quantitative methods...
August 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718601/-interest-of-a-psychosomatic-approach-two-example-of-what-might-be-concealed-behind-gynecological-symptoms
#2
Noémi Deslex-Zaïontz, Éliane Perrin, Francesco Bianchi-Demicheli
Two situations found in everyday gynecological practice demonstrate how a trustworthy doctor-patient relationship is built. This relationship helps to uncover what is concealed behind physical symptoms, which can perturb daily life (couple, social, family life) beyond a purely medical approach. To understand what is really happening rarely leads to a rapid solution. A stable chronicity that does not involve too many treatments, including surgical ones, can already be considered a success.
March 15, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716627/membrane-proteins-structures-a-review-on-computational-modeling-tools
#3
REVIEW
Jose G Almeida, Antonio J Preto, Panagiotis I Koukos, Alexandre M J J Bonvin, Irina S Moreira
BACKGROUND: Membrane proteins (MPs) play diverse and important functions in living organisms. They constitute 20% to 30% of the known bacterial, archaean and eukaryotic organisms' genomes. In humans, their importance is emphasized as they represent 50% of all known drug targets. Nevertheless, experimental determination of their three-dimensional (3D) structure has proven to be both time consuming and rather expensive, which has led to the development of computational algorithms to complement the available experimental methods and provide valuable insights...
July 14, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714709/asian-americans-respond-less-favorably-to-excitement-vs-calm-focused-physicians-compared-to-european-americans
#4
Tamara Sims, Birgit Koopmann-Holm, Henry R Young, Da Jiang, Helene Fung, Jeanne L Tsai
OBJECTIVES: Despite being considered a "model minority," Asian Americans report worse health care encounters than do European Americans. This may be due to affective mismatches between Asian American patients and their European American physicians. We predicted that because Asian Americans value excitement (vs. calm) less than European Americans, they will respond less favorably to excitement-focused (vs. calm) physicians. METHOD: In Study 1, 198 European American, Chinese American, and Hong Kong Chinese community adults read a medical scenario and indicated their preference for an excitement-focused versus calm-focused physician...
July 17, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710015/bactericidal-impact-of-ag-zno-and-mixed-agzno-colloidal-nanoparticles-on-h37rv-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-phagocytized-by-thp-1%C3%A2-cell-lines
#5
Alireza Jafari, Nader Mosavari, Farahnaz Movahedzadeh, Saeedeh Jafari Nodooshan, Roya Safarkar, Rossella Moro, Morteza Kamalzadeh, Ali Majidpour, Mina Boustanshenas, Tahereh Mosavi
The purpose of this research project was to infection of human macrophages (THP-1) cell lines by H37Rv strain of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (H37RvMTB) and find out the ratio/dilution of mixture silver (Ag NPs) and zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) whose ability to eliminate phagocytized bacteria compared to rifampicin. The colloidal Ag NPs and ZnO NPs were synthesized and their characteristics were evaluated. The THP-1 cell lines were infected with different concentration of H37RvMTB. Next, the infected cells were treated with different ratios/dilutions of Ag NPs, ZnO NPs and rifampicin...
July 11, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709409/misuse-of-emergent-healthcare-in-contemporary-japan
#6
Yasuhiro Kadooka, Atsushi Asai, Aya Enzo, Taketoshi Okita
BACKGROUND: Medical care is obviously an important public service to ensure the health of a nation; however, medical resources are not always used appropriately. 'Convenience-store consultations' and inappropriate ambulance transportation represent instances of such improper use by contemporary Japanese citizens in recent years. This article illustrates two examples of misuse and discusses potential countermeasures by considering factors contributing to these behaviours. MAIN BODY: From both public and medical perspectives, these patient behaviours are problematic, causing potential harm to others, negative consequences to such patients themselves, exhaustion of healthcare staff, and breakdown of emergency medical services...
July 14, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707557/the-cheek-of-a-cheater-effects-of-posing-the-left-and-right-hemiface-on-the-perception-of-trustworthiness
#7
Matia Okubo, Kenta Ishikawa, Akihiro Kobayashi
Our cognitive mechanisms are designed to detect cheaters in social exchanges. However, cheater detection can be thwarted by a posed smile, which cheaters display with greater emotional intensity than cooperators. The present study investigated the role of hemifacial asymmetries in the perception of trustworthiness using face photographs with left and right cheek poses. Participants (N = 170) observed face photographs of cheaters and cooperators in an economic game. In the photographs, models expressed happiness or anger and turned slightly to the left or right to show their left or right cheeks to the camera...
July 14, 2017: Laterality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707390/social-capital-in-japan-what-characteristics-do-public-health-nurses-see-in-their-communities
#8
Hikaru Honda, Mariko Kawaharada, Yukari Shindo, Rie Tanaka, Ayaka Nakajima, Yuki Nimura
AIM: A concept of social capital that accounts for a community's cultural background and incorporates social capital into public health nursing practice are needed. This study aimed to describe the characteristics of social capital in the context of public health nursing in Japan. METHODS: The study interviewed 11 veteran public health nurses from five municipalities across Japan and undertook a qualitative research analysis. A digital voice recorder was used to collect qualitative data by using a background data sheet and semistructured interviews...
July 13, 2017: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707046/understanding-the-post-surgical-bariatric-experiences-of-patients-two-or-more-years-after-surgery
#9
Rebecca H Liu, Jennifer D Irwin
BACKGROUND: In Canada, one year after bariatric surgery follow-up appointments become less frequent and surgical recipients must cope with weight management more independently. Up to 50% of patients experience weight regain by two years post-surgery. Understanding the lived experiences of those who have gone through the bariatric process may shed light on what is needed to support others moving forward. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to gain an understanding of the physical, psychological, social, and clinic-related experiences of individuals who have undergone bariatric surgery at least two years prior...
July 13, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705303/nonpharmacologic-airway-clearance-techniques-is-there-trustworthy-evidence-for-their-clinical-usefulness
#10
EDITORIAL
Kazuhiro Yamaguchi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704147/customers-precedence-for-service-quality-dimensions-in-indian-private-healthcare-setting-a-ridit-approach
#11
Rajeev Kumar Panda, Rama Koteswara Rao Kondasani
Changes in demographic and sociocultural environment, improved health awareness, and information technology have considerably changed the outlook of healthcare sector in India. While both the public and the private healthcare sectors have priority of increasing access while minimizing costs, they try hard to achieve goals without letting the quality suffer. Customers with rising disposable income no longer have faith in the public healthcare system and are willing to migrate to the private healthcare sector, which is more professional, technology savvy, and trustworthy...
July 13, 2017: Hospital Topics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698758/maxillary-sinus-augmentation-using-a-titanium-mesh-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Khalid Bahaa-Eldin, Basma Mostafa, Sherine Nasry, Ahmed Reda, Mona Shoeib
BACKGROUND: Various attempts have been implemented using different materials and techniques to augment the maxillary sinus floor for prospect dental implant positioning. AIM: This contemplate was conducted to assess the osteogenic capability of the maxillary sinus in a two-step sinus membrane elevation using titanium mesh to keep the formed space to place dental implants in atrophic ridges. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Titanium micromesh was customized and positioned into the sinus on one side to preserve the elevated membrane in position...
June 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697619/investigating-the-accessibility-factors-that-influence-antenatal-care-services-utilisation-in-mangwe-district-zimbabwe
#13
Leoba Nyathi, Augustine K Tugli, Takalani G Tshitangano, Molyn Mpofu
BACKGROUND: Maternal and infant mortality remains a huge public health problem in developing countries. One of the strategies to minimise the risks of both maternal and infant mortality is access to and utilisation of antenatal care (ANC) services. AIM: This study aimed to investigate the accessibility factors that influence the use of ANC services in Mangwe district. METHODS: A qualitative approach using explorative design was adopted to target women who have babies under 1 year of age...
June 29, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690155/plant-breeding-as-the-cornerstone-of-a-sustainable-bioeconomy
#14
REVIEW
Aleksandra Małyska, Jan Jacobi
A prime driver for a bioeconomy is the need to ensure the availability of sufficient biomass feedstock for food, feed, energy and industrial uses. This demand must be properly managed in the face of several challenges, including environmental changes and abrupt climate shifts. Plant breeding and breeding innovation is the cornerstone for sustainable supply of biomass. Not only does research and development in this sector aim at providing high yielding crops in order to maximize production, but R&D in this field will also allow to obtain highly specialized plant varieties with new or improved traits that fit to specific applications...
July 6, 2017: New Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685402/abnormalities-in-early-visual-processes-are-linked-to-hypersociability-and-atypical-evaluation-of-facial-trustworthiness-an-erp-study-with-williams-syndrome
#15
Danielle M Shore, Rowena Ng, Ursula Bellugi, Debra L Mills
Accurate assessment of trustworthiness is fundamental to successful and adaptive social behavior. Initially, people assess trustworthiness from facial appearance alone. These assessments then inform critical approach or avoid decisions. Individuals with Williams syndrome (WS) exhibit a heightened social drive, especially toward strangers. This study investigated the temporal dynamics of facial trustworthiness evaluation in neurotypic adults (TD) and individuals with WS. We examined whether differences in neural activity during trustworthiness evaluation may explain increased approach motivation in WS compared to TD individuals...
July 6, 2017: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683760/quality-of-multiple-sclerosis-out-patient-health-care-services-with-focus-on-patient-reported-experiences
#16
Anne Marit Solheim, Åse Mygland, Unn Ljøstad
BACKGROUND: To investigate multiple sclerosis (MS) patients' satisfaction with out-patient follow-up in a general neurological hospital department. Patients with definite MS living in Vest-Agder county, Norway were invited to answer a questionnaire comprising one question regarding overall satisfaction, and 24 questions regarding demographics, disease characteristics, and experiences with different aspects of the health care services. RESULTS: Out of 330 invited patients, 159 responded (48%)...
July 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680085/prediction-of-chromatin-accessibility-in-gene-regulatory-regions-from-transcriptomics-data
#17
Sascha Jung, Vladimir Espinosa Angarica, Miguel A Andrade-Navarro, Noel J Buckley, Antonio Del Sol
The epigenetics landscape of cells plays a key role in the establishment of cell-type specific gene expression programs characteristic of different cellular phenotypes. Different experimental procedures have been developed to obtain insights into the accessible chromatin landscape including DNase-seq, FAIRE-seq and ATAC-seq. However, current downstream computational tools fail to reliably determine regulatory region accessibility from the analysis of these experimental data. In particular, currently available peak calling algorithms are very sensitive to their parameter settings and show highly heterogeneous results, which hampers a trustworthy identification of accessible chromatin regions...
July 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679376/managing-expectations-cognitive-authority-and-experienced-control-in-complex-healthcare-processes
#18
Katherine J Hunt, Carl R May
BACKGROUND: Balancing the normative expectations of others (accountabilities) against the personal and distributed resources available to meet them (capacity) is a ubiquitous feature of social relations in many settings. This is an important problem in the management of long-term conditions, because of widespread problems of non-adherence to treatment regimens. Using long-term conditions as an example, we set out middle range theory of this balancing work. METHODS: A middle-range theory was constructed four stages...
July 5, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678719/robust-and-efficient-boosting-method-using-the-conditional-risk
#19
Zhi Xiao, Zhe Luo, Bo Zhong, Xin Dang
Well known for its simplicity and effectiveness in classification, AdaBoost, however, suffers from overfitting when class-conditional distributions have significant overlap. Moreover, it is very sensitive to noise that appears in the labels. This paper tackles the above limitations simultaneously via optimizing a modified loss function (i.e., the conditional risk). The proposed approach has the following two advantages. First, it is able to directly take into account label uncertainty with an associated label confidence...
June 28, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677200/the-nature-of-the-therapeutic-alliance-between-nurses-and-consumers-with-anorexia-nervosa-in-the-inpatient-setting-a-mixed-methods-study
#20
Joel S Zugai, Jane Stein-Parbury, Michael Roche
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To develop a greater understanding of the nature of the inpatient therapeutic alliance between nurses and consumers with Anorexia Nervosa (AN). BACKGROUND: Consumers with AN value interpersonal relationships with nurses, finding these relationships meaningful and therapeutic. It is established that the therapeutic alliance enhances outcomes for consumers with AN. However, establishing the therapeutic alliance in the inpatient setting is considered challenging...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
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