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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212400/surveys-of-public-knowledge-and-attitudes-with-regard-to-antibiotics-in-poland-did-the-european-antibiotic-awareness-day-campaigns-change-attitudes
#1
Beata Mazińska, Izabela Strużycka, Waleria Hryniewicz
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance is a global public health problem. Monitoring the level of knowledge regarding antibiotics is a part of the European Union Community strategy against antimicrobial resistance. OBJECTIVE: To assess knowledge by the general public in Poland regarding antibiotics, AMR, and the impact of the European Antibiotic Awareness Day campaigns. METHODS: The repeated cross-sectional study was developed and carried out among the general public in Poland (in 5 waves between 2009 and 2011, embracing a total of 5004 respondents)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211503/the-enforcement-of-moral-boundaries-promotes-cooperation-and-prosocial-behavior-in-groups
#2
Brent Simpson, Robb Willer, Ashley Harrell
The threat of free-riding makes the marshalling of cooperation from group members a fundamental challenge of social life. Where classical social science theory saw the enforcement of moral boundaries as a critical way by which group members regulate one another's self-interest and build cooperation, moral judgments have most often been studied as processes internal to individuals. Here we investigate how the interpersonal expression of positive and negative moral judgments encourages cooperation in groups and prosocial behavior between group members...
February 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188149/multilayered-and-digitally-structured-presentation-formats-of-trustworthy-recommendations-a-combined-survey-and-randomised-trial
#3
Linn Brandt, Per Olav Vandvik, Pablo Alonso-Coello, Elie A Akl, Judith Thornton, David Rigau, Katie Adams, Paul O'Connor, Gordon Guyatt, Annette Kristiansen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate practicing physicians' preferences, perceived usefulness and understanding of a new multilayered guideline presentation format-compared to a standard format-as well as conceptual understanding of trustworthy guideline concepts. DESIGN: Participants attended a standardised lecture in which they were presented with a clinical scenario and randomised to view a guideline recommendation in a multilayered format or standard format after which they answered multiple-choice questions using clickers...
February 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184356/how-trustworthy-are-clinical-examinations-and-plain-radiographs-for-diagnosis-of-scaphoid-fractures
#4
Mohammad Reza Ghane, Mohammad Saeid Rezaee-Zavareh, Mohammad Kazem Emami-Meibodi, Vahid Dehghani
BACKGROUND: Sometimes patients with a scaphoid fracture, especially in an acute phase of injury, can have normal radiographs and, therefore, initial diagnosis of the scaphoid fracture may be neglected. In this study, we determined the value in of clinical examination and a radiograph in the diagnosis of scaphoid fracture based on the results of a two-week follow-up magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). OBJECTIVES: In this study, sought to assess the value of using both a clinical examination (tenderness of scaphoid tubercle, tenderness of anatomical snuffbox, and compression test) and radiographic imaging in the diagnosis of scaphoid fractures based on the results after a two-week follow-up MRI...
November 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182457/trauma-cognitions-are-related-to-symptoms-up-to-10-years-after-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#5
Christine D Scher, Michael K Suvak, Patricia A Resick
OBJECTIVES: This study examined (a) relationships between trauma-related cognitions and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms from pretreatment through a long-term period after cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for PTSD and (b) whether these relationships were impacted by treatment type. METHOD: Participants were 171 women randomized into treatment for PTSD after rape. Measures of self-reported trauma-related cognitions and interviewer-assessed PTSD symptoms (i...
February 9, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181318/factors-influencing-the-degree-of-physician-pharmacist-collaboration-within-iraqi-public-healthcare-settings
#6
Ali Azeez Al-Jumaili, Mohammed D Al-Rekabi, William Doucette, Ahmed H Hussein, Hayder K Abbas, Furqan H Hussein
OBJECTIVES: Medication safety and effectiveness can be improved through interprofessional collaboration. The goals of this study were to measure the degree of physician-pharmacist collaboration within Iraqi governmental healthcare settings and to investigate factors influencing this collaboration. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Al-Najaf Province using the Collaborative Working Relationship Model and Physician-Pharmacist Collaborative Instrument (PPCI)...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181218/collaborative-hiv-care-in-primary-health-care-nurses-views
#7
R N Ngunyulu, M D Peu, F M Mulaudzi, M L S Mataboge, S S Phiri
BACKGROUND: Collaborative HIV care between the nurses and traditional health practitioners is an important strategy to improve health care of people living with HIV. AIM: To explore and describe the views of nurses regarding collaborative HIV care in primary healthcare services in the City of Tshwane, South Africa. METHOD: A qualitative, descriptive design was used to explore and describe the views of nurses who met the study's inclusion criteria...
February 9, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178214/enabling-secure-xmpp-communications-in-federated-iot-clouds-through-xep-0027-and-saml-sasl-sso
#8
Antonio Celesti, Maria Fazio, Massimo Villari
Nowadays, in the panorama of Internet of Things (IoT), finding a right compromise between interactivity and security is not trivial at all. Currently, most of pervasive communication technologies are designed to work locally. As a consequence, the development of large-scale Internet services and applications is not so easy for IoT Cloud providers. The main issue is that both IoT architectures and services have started as simple but they are becoming more and more complex. Consequently, the web service technology is often inappropriate...
February 7, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170132/prioritising-young-people-s-emotional-health-support-needs-through-participatory-research
#9
Sarah Elizabeth Kendal, Steven Pryjmachuk, Hannah Welsby, Linda Milnes
INTRODUCTION: Youth mental health is a global concern. Emotional health promotes mental health and protects against mental illness. Youth value self-care for emotional health, but we need better understanding of how to help them look after their emotional health. Participatory research is relevant, since meaningful engagement with youth via participatory research enhances the validity and relevance of research findings and supports young people's rights to involvement in decisions that concern them...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169135/case-study-and-case-based-research-in-emergency-nursing-and-care-theoretical-foundations-and-practical-application-in-paramedic-pre-hospital-clinical-judgment-and-decision-making-of-patients-with-mental-illness
#10
Ramon Z Shaban, Julie Considine, Margaret Fry, Kate Curtis
Generating knowledge through quality research is fundamental to the advancement of professional practice in emergency nursing and care. There are multiple paradigms, designs and methods available to researchers to respond to challenges in clinical practice. Systematic reviews, randomised control trials and other forms of experimental research are deemed the gold standard of evidence, but there are comparatively few such trials in emergency care. In some instances it is not possible or appropriate to undertake experimental research...
February 3, 2017: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152651/for-your-local-eyes-only-culture-specific-face-typicality-influences-perceptions-of-trustworthiness
#11
Carmel Sofer, Ron Dotsch, Masanori Oikawa, Haruka Oikawa, Daniel H J Wigboldus, Alexander Todorov
Recent findings show that typical faces are judged as more trustworthy than atypical faces. However, it is not clear whether employment of typicality cues in trustworthiness judgment happens across cultures and if these cues are culture specific. In two studies, conducted in Japan and Israel, participants judged trustworthiness and attractiveness of faces. In Study 1, faces varied along a cross-cultural dimension ranging from a Japanese to an Israeli typical face. Own-culture typical faces were perceived as more trustworthy than other-culture typical faces, suggesting that people in both cultures employ typicality cues when judging trustworthiness, but that the cues, indicative of typicality, are culture dependent...
January 1, 2017: Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137831/stard-2015-guidelines-for-reporting-diagnostic-accuracy-studies-explanation-and-elaboration
#12
Jérémie F Cohen, Daniël A Korevaar, Douglas G Altman, David E Bruns, Constantine A Gatsonis, Lotty Hooft, Les Irwig, Deborah Levine, Johannes B Reitsma, Henrica C W de Vet, Patrick M M Bossuyt
Diagnostic accuracy studies are, like other clinical studies, at risk of bias due to shortcomings in design and conduct, and the results of a diagnostic accuracy study may not apply to other patient groups and settings. Readers of study reports need to be informed about study design and conduct, in sufficient detail to judge the trustworthiness and applicability of the study findings. The STARD statement (Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies) was developed to improve the completeness and transparency of reports of diagnostic accuracy studies...
November 14, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135391/managing-professional-and-nurse-patient-relationship-boundaries-in-mental-health
#13
Sharon M Valente
Caring nurse-patient relationships in mental health settings are key components in helping patients recover. These professional relationships provide a safe, trustworthy, reliable, and secure foundation for therapeutic interactions; however, nurses face challenges in setting and maintaining relationship boundaries. Although patients ask for special privileges, romantic interactions, and social media befriending, or offer expensive gifts, nurses must recognize that these boundary violations may erode trust and harm patients...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129006/acceptance-of-primary-practitioner-physiotherapists-in-an-emergency-department-a-qualitative-study-of-interprofessional-collaboration-within-workforce-reform
#14
Julia Coyle, Stephen D Gill
Primary contact practitioner physiotherapists (PPs) are increasingly common in emergency departments (EDs) and provide targeted care to people with uncomplicated musculoskeletal conditions such as sprains, strains, and simple fractures. Workforce redesign can be challenging and success is influenced by staff attitude and opinion. The current study aimed to explore the experiences and perceptions of ED team members about a recently introduced PP service on existing staff and services in a large regional ED. Forty-two staff from eight professional groups participated in semi-structured interviews or focus groups which were audio recorded and field notes were taken...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120139/evaluation-of-the-quality-of-online-information-for-patients-with-rare-cancers-thyroid-cancer
#15
Ulrike Kuenzel, Tabea Monga Sindeu, Sarah Schroth, Jutta Huebner, Natalie Herth
The Internet offers an easy and quick access to a vast amount of patient information. However, several studies point to the poor quality of many websites and the resulting hazards of false information. The aim of this study was to assess quality of information on thyroid cancer. A patients' search for information about thyroid cancer on German websites was simulated using the search engine Google and the patient portal "Patienten-Information.de". The websites were assessed using a standardized instrument with formal and content aspects from the German Cancer Society...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119508/hierarchical-prediction-errors-in-midbrain-and-septum-during-social-learning
#16
Andreea O Diaconescu, Christoph Mathys, Lilian A E Weber, Lars Kasper, Jan Mauer, Klaas E Stephan
Social learning is fundamental to human interactions, yet its computational and physiological mechanisms are not well understood. One prominent open question concerns the role of neuromodulatory transmitters. We combined fMRI, computational modelling, and genetics to address this question in two separate samples (N=35, N=47). Participants played a game requiring inference on an advisor's intentions whose motivation to help or mislead changed over time. Our analyses suggest that hierarchically structured belief updates about current advice validity and the adviser's trustworthiness, respectively, depend on different neuromodulatory systems...
January 24, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119278/mobile-health-physical-activity-intervention-preferences-in-cancer-survivors-a-qualitative-study
#17
Michael C Robertson, Edward Tsai, Elizabeth J Lyons, Sanjana Srinivasan, Maria C Swartz, Miranda L Baum, Karen M Basen-Engquist
BACKGROUND: Cancer survivors are at an elevated risk for several negative health outcomes, but physical activity (PA) can decrease those risks. Unfortunately, adherence to PA recommendations among survivors is low. Fitness mobile apps have been shown to facilitate the adoption of PA in the general population, but there are limited apps specifically designed for cancer survivors. This population has unique needs and barriers to PA, and most existing PA apps do not address these issues...
January 24, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114439/conflict-of-interest-in-seminal-hepatitis-c-virus-and-cholesterol-management-guidelines
#18
Akilah A Jefferson, Steven D Pearson
Importance: Little is known regarding whether Institute of Medicine (IOM) standards for managing conflicts of interest (COI) have been met in the development of recent important clinical guidelines. Objective: To evaluate adherence to the IOM standards for limits on commercial COI, guideline development, and evaluation of evidence by the 2013 American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association cholesterol management guideline and the 2014 American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and Infectious Diseases Society of America hepatitis C virus management guideline...
January 17, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112484/a-step-toward-regionalized-scale-consistent-agricultural-life-cycle-assessment-inventories
#19
Tiago G Morais, Ricardo Fm Teixeira, Tiago Domingos
Life cycle inventory (LCI) regionalization (i.e., the determination of input and output flows from production processes at a subcountry scale) is a priority in life cycle assessment (LCA) studies, particularly in the agri-food sector. Many regionalized LCAs fail to ensure that microlevel inventories are consistent with country-level aggregated data-or "scale consistent." They also fail to construct LCIs using international reference guidelines and trustworthy standardized data sources. This failure generates inaccuracies and biases in inventories and can compromise comparability among international LCA studies...
January 23, 2017: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105584/awareness-of-paid-sick-leave-among-new-york-city-restaurant-workers
#20
Emma K Tsui, Madeline Duffy, Sherry Baron
Restaurant workers are less likely to have paid sick leave (PSL) benefits than other professions, despite the fact that they handle food and interact with the public. In this study, we collected and analyzed quantitative and qualitative data on PSL awareness among New York City's restaurant workers and the factors that produced these levels of awareness. We found that 62% of surveyed workers were aware of NYC's law, and that successful outreach requires building broad awareness and ensuring trustworthy sources of information with multiple points of contact...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
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