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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332595/mechanistic-platform-knowledge-of-concomitant-sugar-uptake-in-escherichia-coli-bl21-de3-strains
#1
David J Wurm, Johanna Hausjell, Sophia Ulonska, Christoph Herwig, Oliver Spadiut
When producing recombinant proteins, the use of Escherichia coli strain BL21(DE3) in combination with the T7-based pET-expression system is often the method of choice. In a recent study we introduced a mechanistic model describing the correlation of the specific glucose uptake rate (qs,glu) and the corresponding maximum specific lactose uptake rate (qs,lac,max) for a pET-based E. coli BL21(DE3) strain producing a single chain variable fragment (scFv). We showed the effect of qs,lac,max on productivity and product location underlining its importance for recombinant protein production...
March 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329818/elder-fraud-and-financial-exploitation-application-of-routine-activity-theory
#2
Marguerite DeLiema
Background and Objectives: Elder financial exploitation, committed by individuals in positions of trust, and elder fraud, committed by predatory strangers, are two forms of financial victimization that target vulnerable older adults. This study analyzes differences between fraud and financial exploitation victims and tests routine activity theory as a contextual model for victimization. Routine activity theory predicts that criminal opportunities arise when a motivated offender and suitable target meet in the absence of capable guardians...
March 10, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328594/selecting-trustworthy-papers
#3
Kun Hwang, Se-Ho Hwang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327236/omitted-evidence-undermines-sexual-motives-explanation-for-attractiveness-bias
#4
Marianne LaFrance, Alice H Eagly
This commentary makes three points: (1) the existing evidence does not consistently favor the proposed sex difference in attractiveness preferences, nor the fitness-related outcomes of attractiveness; (2) the neglected association of perceived attractiveness and trustworthiness allowed the authors to incorrectly attribute many findings solely to attractiveness, and (3) the importance accorded attractiveness in mate preferences is culturally shaped and likely evolutionarily novel.
January 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327214/trustworthiness-perception-at-zero-acquaintance-consensus-accuracy-and-prejudice
#5
Jean-François Bonnefon, Astrid Hopfensitz, Wim De Neys
Research on trustworthiness perception from faces has unfolded in a way that is strikingly reminiscent of Jussim's narrative in his 2012 book. Jussim's analysis warns us against overemphasizing evidence about prejudice over evidence about accuracy, when both are scant; and reminds us to hold all accounts to the same standards, whether they call on societal biases or true signals.
January 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318314/promising-and-established-investigators-experiences-participating-in-the-national-athletic-trainers-association-foundation-research-mentor-program-a
#6
Sara L Nottingham, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Jessica L Barrett
CONTEXT: Mentorship is a helpful resource for individuals who transition from doctoral student to tenure-track faculty member. The National Athletic Trainers' Association (NATA) Research & Education Foundation offers a Research Mentor Program to provide mentorship to promising investigators, particularly as they work to establish independent lines of research. OBJECTIVE: To gain the perspectives of promising and established investigators on their participation in the NATA Foundation Research Mentor Program...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303739/the-virtual-maze-a-behavioural-tool-for-measuring-trust
#7
Joanna Hale, Madeleine E M Payne, Kathryn M Taylor, Davide Paoletti, Antonia F De C Hamilton
Trusting another person may depend on our level of generalised trust in others, as well as perceptions of that specific person's trustworthiness. However, many studies measuring trust outcomes have not discussed generalised versus specific trust. To measure specific trust in others, we developed a novel behavioural task. Participants navigate a virtual maze and make a series of decisions about how to proceed. Before each decision, they may ask for advice from two virtual characters they have briefly interviewed earlier...
March 17, 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301177/trust-trolleys-and-social-dilemmas-a-replication-study
#8
Dries H Bostyn, Arne Roets
The present manuscript addresses how perceived trustworthiness of cooperative partners in a social dilemma context is influenced by the moral judgments those partners make on Trolley-type moral dilemmas; an issue recently investigated by Everett, Pizarro, and Crockett (2016). The present research comprises 2 studies that were conducted independently, simultaneously with, and incognizant of the Everett studies. Whereas the present studies aimed at investigating the same research hypothesis, a different and more elaborate methodology was used, as such providing a conceptual replication opportunity and extension to the Everett et al...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298129/a-rural-shelter-in-ontario-adapting-to-address-the-changing-needs-of-women-who-have-experienced-intimate-partner-violence-a-qualitative-case-study
#9
Tara Mantler, Barat Wolfe
INTRODUCTION: Intimate partner violence is a significant public health problem, with shelters offering the predominant community-based solution. Shelters in Canada are mandated to provide a safe place, protection planning, advocacy and counseling among other services. Recently it has been noted the role of the shelter was shifting from an inpatient to outpatient model with a focus on increased integration of health and social services. This changing role of the shelter is amplified within the rural context where resources and cultural norms may be limited or incompatible with help-seeking behaviors...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281766/lived-experiences-of-parents-of-premature-babies-in-the-intensive-care-unit-in-a-private-hospital-in-johannesburg-south-africa
#10
Erika Steyn, Marie Poggenpoel, Chris Myburgh
BACKGROUND: Many of the 15 million premature babies born worldwide every year survive because of advanced medical interventions. Their parents have intense experiences when their babies are in the intensive care unit (ICU), and these have an impact on their thoughts, feelings and relationships, including their relationships with their premature babies. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to explore and describe the lived experiences of parents of premature babies in an ICU...
February 28, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280948/-wear-some-thick-socks-if-you-walk-in-my-shoes-agency-resilience-and-well-being-in-communities-of-north-american-sex-workers
#11
Theodore R Burnes, Elizabeth M Rojas, Irena Delgado, Tianna E Watkins
Using a participatory action research (PAR) paradigm, this study investigated how 35 individuals involved in the sex work industry exemplified aspects of agency and intentional well-being under harsh work environments. Using PAR and qualitative research, sex workers were asked to identify research questions and help to design a study investigating the relationship between well-being and sex worker agency. Participants in the study each completed one semi-structured individual interview to share their experiences in the sex work industry...
March 9, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278608/misrepresenting-health-conditions-through-fabrication-and-exaggeration-an-adaptation-and-replication-of-the-false-alarm-effect
#12
Charee M Thompson, Hengjun Lin, Sarah Parsloe
This article reports on a series of studies of the false alarm effect (FAE), suggesting that individuals' perceptions that relational partners are fabricating and exaggerating their health conditions are negatively associated with perceptions of health condition credibility, which in turn are associated with decreases in individuals' protective behaviors and attitudes. In Study One (N = 216), we took a mixed-methods approach to test an initial model predicting that health condition credibility mediates associations between individuals' perceptions that partners are fabricating and exaggerating and the extent to which individuals provide support, seek information about the condition, feel efficacious in their ability to assist partners, and believe that the condition is serious...
February 19, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277727/correction-to-gomulya-et-al-2016
#13
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "The Role of Facial Appearance on CEO Selection After Firm Misconduct" by David Gomulya, Elaine M. Wong, Margaret E. Ormiston and Warren Boeker (Journal of Applied Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, Dec 19, 2016, np). In the original article, the wrong figure files were used. All versions of this article have been corrected. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2016-60831-001.) We investigate a particular aspect of CEO successor trustworthiness that may be critically important after a firm has engaged in financial misconduct...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276875/is-trustworthiness-lateralized-in-the-face-evidence-from-a-trust-game
#14
Daniel J Carragher, Nicole A Thomas, Michael E R Nicholls
A turn of the head can be used to convey or conceal emotion, as the left side of the face is more expressive than the right. As the left cheek moves more when smiling, the present study investigated whether perceived trustworthiness is lateralized to the left cheek, using a trust game paradigm. In Experiment 1, participants were asked to share money with male and female "virtual partners." Left-left or right-right composite faces were used to represent the partners. There were no differences in the amount shared based on composite face, suggesting trustworthiness is not lateralized in the face...
March 3, 2017: Laterality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275364/combined-effects-of-gaze-and-orientation-of-faces-on-person-judgments-in-social-situations
#15
Raphaela E Kaisler, Helmut Leder
In social situations, faces of others can vary simultaneously in gaze and orientation. How these variations affect different kinds of social judgments, such as attractiveness or trustworthiness, is only partly understood. Therefore, we studied how different gaze directions, head angles, but also levels of facial attractiveness affect perceived attractiveness and trustworthiness. We always presented pairs of faces - either two average attractive faces or a highly attractive together with a less attractive face...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271149/-central-information-portal-on-rare-diseases-implementation-of-quality-and-needs-oriented-information-management
#16
Svenja Litzkendorf, Frédéric Pauer, Jan Zeidler, Jens Göbel, Holger Storf, J-Matthias Graf von der Schulenburg
BACKGROUND: A central information portal on rare diseases (ZIPSE) has been conceptualized and implemented that allows patients, relatives and health care professionals to access quality-assured information. For this purpose, quality criteria have been developed specifically for rare diseases. At the same time, the information basis should take into account the specific needs of those interested. OBJECTIVES: The needs of patients and relatives regarding online-based information are analyzed...
March 7, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270097/factors-influencing-the-level-of-patients-using-the-internet-to-gather-information-before-anaesthesia-a-single-centre-survey-of-815-patients-in-switzerland-the-internet-for-patient-information-before-anaesthesia
#17
T Wieser, M P Steurer, M Steurer, A Dullenkopf
BACKGROUND: Aim of this study was to identify factors associated with patients using the internet to find information about their upcoming surgery in general, and more specifically about anaesthesia. METHODS: With Ethics committee approval, 1000 consecutive patients seen before elective surgery in the anaesthesia preoperative clinic of a Swiss Level 2 hospital were asked to complete a questionnaire. Primary outcome were patients using the internet to gather any medical information related to their upcoming hospital stay, secondary outcome patients using the internet to gather information regarding the upcoming anaesthesia...
March 8, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269533/lessons-learnt-from-a-mooc-about-social-media-for-digital-health-literacy
#18
Suleman Atique, Mowafa Hosueh, Luis Fernandez-Luque, Elia Gabarron, Marian Wan, Onkar Singh, Vicente Traver Salcedo, Yu-Chuan Jack Li, Syed-Abdul Shabbir
Nowadays, the Internet and social media represent prime channels for health information seeking and peer support. However, benefits of health social media can be reduced by low digital health literacy. We designed a massive open online course (MOOC) course about health social media to increase the students' digital health literacy. In this course, we wanted to explore the difficulties confronted by the MOOC users in relation to accessing quality online health information and to propose methods to overcome the issues...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269258/biomems-based-coding-for-secure-medical-diagnostic-devices
#19
Tuan Le, Gabriel Salles-Loustau, Laleh Najafizadeh, Mehdi Javanmard, Saman Zonouz
Trustworthy and usable point-of-care solutions require not only effective disease diagnostic procedures to ensure delivery of rapid and accurate outcomes, but also lightweight privacy-preserving capabilities. In this paper, we present a Biomedical Microelectromachanical System (BioMEMS)-based sensor for portable, inexpensive smartphone-based biomarker detection. The biosensor presented here provides the ability for signal encryption at the physical sensor level to ensure patient's diagnostic confidentiality...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263618/honesty-humility-under-threat-self-uncertainty-destroys-trust-among-the-nice-guys
#20
Stefan Pfattheicher, Robert Böhm
Recent research on humans' prosociality has highlighted the crucial role of Honesty-Humility, a basic trait in the HEXACO personality model. There is overwhelming evidence that Honesty-Humility predicts prosocial behavior across a vast variety of situations. In the present contribution, we cloud this rosy picture, examining a condition under which individuals high in Honesty-Humility reduce prosocial behavior. Specifically, we propose that under self-uncertainty, it is particularly those individuals high in Honesty-Humility who reduce trust in unknown others and become less prosocial...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
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