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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829528/are-you-ready-crisis-leadership-in-a-hyper-vuca-environment
#1
Khaldoon H Alkhaldi, Meredith L Austin, Boris A Cura, Darrell Dantzler, Leslie Holland, David L Maples, Jamie C Quarrelles, Robert K Weinkle, Leonard J Marcus
The current hyper-volatile, -uncertain, -complex, and -ambiguous (VUCA) threat environment demands a more cohesive support structure for crisis leaders who may be faced with crises of increasing magnitude and frequency and, in some instances, multiple crisis events simultaneously. The project team investigates the perceptions of crisis leaders regarding establishing a crisis leader advisor position for crisis leaders to benefit from their experience while prosecuting crisis response activities. The team linked hyper-VUCA crises, crisis response frameworks, meta-leadership, crisis leader attributes, and advisor attributes...
May 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820230/are-you-ready-crisis-leadership-in-a-hyper-vuca-environment
#2
Khaldoon H Alkhaldi, Meredith L Austin, Boris A Cura, Darrell Dantzler, Leslie Holland, David L Maples, Jamie C Quarrelles, Robert K Weinkle, Leonard J Marcus
The current hyper-volatile, -uncertain, -complex, and -ambiguous (VUCA) threat environment demands a more cohesive support structure for crisis leaders who may be faced with crises of increasing magnitude and frequency and, in some instances, multiple crisis events simultaneously. The project team investigates the perceptions of crisis leaders regarding establishing a crisis leader advisor position for crisis leaders to benefit from their experience while prosecuting crisis response activities. The team linked hyper-VUCA crises, crisis response frameworks, meta-leadership, crisis leader attributes, and advisor attributes...
March 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814162/insights-on-the-intersection-of-health-equity-and-school-nutrition-policy-implementation-an-exploratory-qualitative-secondary-analysis
#3
Yuka Asada, Alejandro Hughes, Jamie Chriqui
BACKGROUND: Recent federal policies aimed to ensure that all children have equitable access to healthy school nutrition environments. However, historically, disparities have persisted in the quality of school nutrition environments across geographic and socioeconomic groups. There is limited literature addressing if and how recent efforts to reform the school nutrition environment have influenced such disparities. The main objective of this study was to explore stakeholders' insights on how school nutrition reform intersected with issues of inequity...
August 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811259/should-i-trust-you-learning-and-memory-of-social-interactions-in-dementia
#4
Stephanie Wong, Muireann Irish, Claire O'Callaghan, Fiona Kumfor, Greg Savage, John R Hodges, Olivier Piguet, Michael Hornberger
Social relevance has an enhancing effect on learning and subsequent memory retrieval. The ability to learn from and remember social interactions may impact on susceptibility to financial exploitation, which is elevated in individuals with dementia. The current study aimed to investigate learning and memory of social interactions, the relationship between performance and financial vulnerability and the neural substrates underpinning performance in 14 Alzheimer's disease (AD) and 20 behavioural-variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) patients and 20 age-matched healthy controls...
August 12, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810409/celebrity-endorsed-e-cigarette-brand-instagram-advertisements-effects-on-young-adults-attitudes-towards-e-cigarettes-and-smoking-intentions
#5
Joe Phua, Seunga Venus Jin, Jung Min Hahm
Celebrities endorsing e-cigarette brands on social media may exert a strong influence on e-cigarette uptake. Using a between-subject experiment, this study examines the effects of endorser type (celebrities, non-celebrities and products only) in e-cigarette brand Instagram advertisements on e-cigarette attitudes and smoking intentions. Results showed that celebrity endorsers significantly increased positive attitudes towards e-cigarettes and smoking intentions, compared to non-celebrities or products only. Celebrity endorsers also rated significantly higher on trustworthiness, expertise, goodwill and attractiveness, compared to non-celebrities...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800346/how-should-a-virtual-agent-present-psychoeducation-influence-of-verbal-and-textual-presentation-on-adherence
#6
Myrthe L Tielman, Mark A Neerincx, Marieke van Meggelen, Ingmar Franken, Willem-Paul Brinkman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: With the rise of autonomous e-mental health applications, virtual agents can play a major role in improving trustworthiness, therapy outcome and adherence. In these applications, it is important that patients adhere in the sense that they perform the tasks, but also that they adhere to the specific recommendations on how to do them well. One important construct in improving adherence is psychoeducation, information on the why and how of therapeutic interventions...
August 4, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795767/communicating-low-probability-high-consequence-risk-uncertainty-and-expert-confidence-induced-seismicity-of-deep-geothermal-energy-and-shale-gas
#7
Theresa A K Knoblauch, Michael Stauffacher, Evelina Trutnevyte
Subsurface energy activities entail the risk of induced seismicity including low-probability high-consequence (LPHC) events. For designing respective risk communication, the scientific literature lacks empirical evidence of how the public reacts to different written risk communication formats about such LPHC events and to related uncertainty or expert confidence. This study presents findings from an online experiment (N = 590) that empirically tested the public's responses to risk communication about induced seismicity and to different technology frames, namely deep geothermal energy (DGE) and shale gas (between-subject design)...
August 10, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790039/answering-medical-questions-at-the-point-of-care-a-cross-sectional-study-comparing-rapid-decisions-based-on-pubmed-and-epistemonikos-searches-with-evidence-based-recommendations-developed-with-the-grade-approach
#8
Ariel Izcovich, Juan Martín Criniti, Federico Popoff, Martín Alberto Ragusa, Cristel Gigler, Carlos Gonzalez Malla, Manuela Clavijo, Matias Manzotti, Martín Diaz, Hugo Norberto Catalano, Ignacio Neumann, Gordon Guyatt
INTRODUCTION: Using the best current evidence to inform clinical decisions remains a challenge for clinicians. Given the scarcity of trustworthy clinical practice guidelines providing recommendations to answer clinicians' daily questions, clinical decision support systems (ie, assistance in question identification and answering) emerge as an attractive alternative. The trustworthiness of the recommendations achieved by such systems is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the trustworthiness of a question identification and answering system that delivers timely recommendations...
August 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789658/healthcare-professionals-and-patients-perspectives-on-consent-to-clinical-genetic-testing-moving-towards-a-more-relational-approach
#9
Gabrielle Natalie Samuel, Sandi Dheensa, Bobbie Farsides, Angela Fenwick, Anneke Lucassen
BACKGROUND: This paper proposes a refocusing of consent for clinical genetic testing, moving away from an emphasis on autonomy and information provision, towards an emphasis on the virtues of healthcare professionals seeking consent, and the relationships they construct with their patients. METHODS: We draw on focus groups with UK healthcare professionals working in the field of clinical genetics, as well as in-depth interviews with patients who have sought genetic testing in the UK's National Health Service (data collected 2013-2015)...
August 8, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775194/development-of-a-prioritisation-tool-for-the-updating-of-clinical-guideline-questions-the-uppriority-tool-protocol
#10
Laura Martínez García, Hector Pardo-Hernandez, Ena Niño de Guzman, Cecilia Superchi, Monica Ballesteros, Emma McFarlane, Katrina Penman, Margarita Posso, Marta Roqué I Figuls, Andrea Juliana Sanabria, Anna Selva, Robin Wm Vernooij, Pablo Alonso-Coello
INTRODUCTION: Due to a continuous emergence of new evidence, clinical guidelines (CGs) require regular surveillance of evidence to maintain their trustworthiness. The updating of CGs is resource intensive and time consuming; therefore, updating may include a prioritisation process to efficiently ensure recommendations remain up to date. The objective of our project is to develop a pragmatic tool to prioritise clinical questions for updating within a CG. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: To develop the tool, we will use the results and conclusions of a systematic review of methodological research on prioritisation processes for updating and will adopt a methodological approach we have successfully implemented in a previous experience...
August 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774655/looking-ahead-and-behind-at-supplemental-oxygen-a-qualitative-study-of-patients-with-pulmonary-fibrosis
#11
Bridget A Graney, Frederick S Wamboldt, Susan Baird, Tara Churney, Kaitlin Fier, Marjorie Korn, Mark McCormick, Thomas Vierzba, Jeffrey J Swigris
RATIONALE: Supplemental oxygen is prescribed to patients with pulmonary fibrosis to normalize oxygen saturations, decrease symptoms and improve quality of life. Along with potential benefits, patients face challenges as they incorporate oxygen into their lives. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to better understand the perceptions and experiences of patients with pulmonary fibrosis as they confronted the possibility and realities of using supplemental oxygen. METHODS: We performed a mixed-methods study in which we conducted a series of four structured telephone interviews with five patients with pulmonary fibrosis enrolled in a longitudinal observational study...
July 31, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771694/judging-a-book-by-its-cover-children-s-facial-trustworthiness-as-judged-by-strangers-predicts-their-real-world-trustworthiness-and-peer-relationships
#12
Qinggong Li, Gail D Heyman, Jing Mei, Kang Lee
This longitudinal research examined whether children's facial trustworthiness as judged by strangers can predict their real-world trustworthiness and peer acceptance. Adults (Study 1) and children (Study 2) judged the facial trustworthiness of 8- to 12-year-old children (N = 100) solely based on their photographs. The children's classmates were asked to report their real-world trustworthiness and peer acceptance. Children's facial trustworthiness reliably predicted these outcomes both initially when the photographs were taken, as well as 1 year later, and this effect was mediated by the initial ratings of real-world trustworthiness and peer acceptance...
August 3, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768589/journal-club-developing-a-user-friendly-report-for-electronically-assisted-surveillance-of-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infections
#13
Michael Fritz Estinville, Amanda Hessels, James Davis
The article chosen for this Journal Club commentary describes the development and testing of a report format using automated data to report urinary catheter utilization and catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs).(1) This research sought to address a gap in knowledge regarding the optimal display and content of data reports, communicating to diverse audiences, which used surveillance data from Department of Veterans Affairs' electronic health records. The specific research aim of this project was to develop and pilot test report formats deemed usable and trustworthy by the end user, and discover the best way to deliver to the ideal audience automated data, which is formatted and presented in a way that is acceptable to the end user...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768511/german-dentists-websites-on-periodontitis-have-low-quality-of-information
#14
Falk Schwendicke, Jörg Stange, Claudia Stange, Christian Graetz
BACKGROUND: The internet is an increasingly relevant source of health information. We aimed to assess the quality of German dentists' websites on periodontitis, hypothesizing that it was significantly associated with a number of practice-specific parameters. METHODS: We searched four electronic search engines and included pages which were freely accessible, posted by a dental practice in Germany, and mentioned periodontal disease/therapy. Websites were assessed for (1) technical and functional aspects, (2) generic quality and risk of bias, (3) disease-specific information...
August 2, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767375/a-trust-model-for-ubiquitous-healthcare-environment-on-the-basis-of-adaptable-fuzzy-probabilistic-inference-system
#15
Georgia Athanasiou, George C Anastasopoulos, Eleni Tiritidou, Dimitrios Lymberopoulos
Trust is considered to be a determinant on psychologist selection which can ensure patient satisfaction. Hence, trust concept is essential to be introduced into Ubiquitous Healthcare (UH) environment oriented on patients with anxiety disorders. This is accomplished by Trust Model estimating psychologists' trustworthiness, a priory to service delivery, with the use of patient's and his/her acquaintances testimonies, i.e. Personal Interaction Experience (PIE) and Reputation (R). In this paper, Trust Model is proposed to be materialized via an Adaptable Cloud Inference System (ACIS) that performs Trust Value (TV) estimation...
July 28, 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765854/psa-testing-for-men-at-average-risk-of-prostate-cancer
#16
Bruce K Armstrong, Michael J Barry, Mark Frydenberg, Robert A Gardiner, Ian Haines, Stacy M Carter
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing of men at normal risk of prostate cancer is one of the most contested issues in cancer screening. There is no formal screening program, but testing is common - arguably a practice that ran ahead of the evidence. Public and professional communication about PSA screening has been highly varied and potentially confusing for practitioners and patients alike. There has been much research and policy activity relating to PSA testing in recent years. Landmark randomised controlled trials have been reported; authorities - including the 2013 Prostate Cancer World Congress, the Prostate Cancer Foundation of Australia, Cancer Council Australia, and the National Health and Medical Research Council - have made or endorsed public statements and/or issued clinical practice guidelines; and the US Preventive Services Task Force is revising its recommendations...
July 26, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763167/experiences-of-antenatal-care-among-women-who-are-socioeconomically-deprived-in-high-income-industrialized-countries-an-integrative-review
#17
REVIEW
Paola Origlia, Cecilia Jevitt, Friederike Zu Sayn-Wittgenstein, Eva Cignacco
INTRODUCTION: Socioeconomic deprivation in high-income industrialized countries is a key factor in poor perinatal outcomes. Limited access, utilization, and quality of antenatal care seem to play an important role in poor perinatal outcomes. METHODS: This integrative review aimed to explore experiences of antenatal care among women who are socioeconomically deprived in high-income industrialized countries. A search was conducted using 5 databases for articles published from 2004 to 2014...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760002/measuring-racial-microaggression-in-medical-practice
#18
Amanda Lee Almond
The purpose of this study was to validate the already existing Racial Microaggression in Counseling Scale (RMCS) when the term 'therapist' was replaced with 'physician', thus constituting the modification as the Racial Microaggression in Medical Practice Scale (RMMPS). Racial microaggressions work at reinforcing inferior social status on a cognitive level. Unlike overt racism, messages behind microaggression are subtler and more every day. A lack of acceptance, respect, and regard emerges from interactions in medical contexts as there are layers of in-group and out-group statuses at play (e...
August 1, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752377/is-he-important-to-me-source-memory-advantage-for-personally-relevant-cheaters
#19
Meike Kroneisen
A popular assumption in evolutionary psychology claims that reciprocal altruism is supported by a cognitive module that helps individuals to detect and remember cheaters. Previous studies found a source memory advantage for faces of cheaters rather than faces of cooperators. The present study examines memory for social-exchange relevant information. More precisely, faces were shown together with behavior descriptions of cheating, trustworthy and neutral behavior either high or low in relevance for a student population...
July 27, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747931/is-the-national-guideline-clearinghouse-a-trustworthy-source-of-practice-guidelines-for-child-and-youth-anxiety-and-depression
#20
Stephanie Duda, Christine Fahim, Peter Szatmari, Kathryn Bennett
OBJECTIVE: Innovative strategies that facilitate the use of high quality practice guidelines (PG) are needed. Accordingly, repositories designed to simplify access to PGs have been proposed as a critical component of the network of linked interventions needed to drive increased PG implementation. The National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC) is a free, international online repository. We investigated whether it is a trustworthy source of child and youth anxiety and depression PGs. METHOD: English language PGs published between January 2009 and February 2016 relevant to anxiety or depression in children and adolescents (≤ 18 years of age) were eligible...
July 2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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