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G Bi, C Zhang, Y Dong, H T Jiao, L Dong, H G Zhou
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the efficiency of EX16+10Y kit on the forensic detection of the Uygur in Xinjiang province. METHODS: The blood samples were extracted from 4 620 male individuals of Uygur in Xinjiang province, and amplified by EX16+10Y kit. The typing of amplification products was performed by 3130 xl genetic analyzer. RESULTS: The genotyping graphs of 15 autosomal STR loci and 10 Y-chromosomal STR loci from 4 620 male individuals of Uygur in Xinjiang province were acquired completely...
April 2018: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
Marianne Wyder, Helena Roennfeldt, Rise Faith Rosello, Bridie Stewart, John Maher, Rosslyn Taylor, Amanda Pfeffer, Peter Bell, Neil Barringham
Acute mental health inpatient units are complex environments where tensions between clinical and personal recovery can be amplified. The focus for mental health staff is often centred on providing clinical care, whereas from the patient perspective, the admission can represent a profound existential crisis. There are very few user-led accounts of their experiences of psychiatric inpatient unit. This project was developed in the traditions of Analytic Auto-Ethnography, a research methodology which provides a systematic process to reflect on our own experience while still producing trustworthy findings...
June 19, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Natalie M Pool
Engaging in early and ongoing self-reflection during interpretive phenomenological research is critical for ensuring trustworthiness or rigor. However, the lack of guidelines and clarity about the role of self-reflection in this methodology creates both theoretical and procedural confusion. The purpose of this article is to describe key philosophical underpinnings, characteristics, and hallmarks of the process of self-reflection in interpretive phenomenological investigation and to provide a list of guidelines that facilitate this process...
July 2018: Nursing Science Quarterly
S Loving, T Thomsen, P Jaszczak, J Nordling
Background and purpose Female chronic pelvic pain is a significant clinical problem that burdens the health care services and work productivity, and leads to disability and reduced quality of life among the women affected. A recent systematic review reported worldwide prevalence rates for female chronic pelvic pain ranging from 2.1% to 24%. Our aim was to assess the prevalence, characteristics, and factors associated with chronic pelvic pain among women living in Denmark, and to compare these findings with a pain-free reference group...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Allen Grabo, Mark van Vugt
The present research replicates and extends previous literature on the evolutionary contingency hypothesis of leadership emergence. Using artificially masculinized versus feminized versions of the faces of the candidates for the 2016 U.S. presidential elections, we demonstrated that different contextual cues produced systematic variation in both preferences for and personality impressions of leadership. We describe results of an online study ( N = 298), demonstrating that followers who perceived a match between the contextual prime ( intergroup conflict or cooperation) and a leader candidate's relevant physical cues ( masculinized or feminized versions of their faces) both (a) preferred them as leaders and (b) rated them more positively on personality attributes commonly associated with effective leadership such as trustworthiness, warmth, competence, and charisma...
April 2018: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
Atsushi Kogetsu, Soichi Ogishima, Kazuto Kato
Genome and other data are already being used in areas including cancer and rare diseases. Data-sharing and secondary uses are likely to become much broader and far more extensive; thus, obtaining proper consent for these new uses of data is an important issue. Obtaining consent through online methods may be an option to overcome the problems associated with one-off, paper-based informed consent. When the process of obtaining consent takes place remotely, authentication must be assured. Patients may also choose to store some of their own information online, such as genetic information, and allow healthcare professionals to access this data...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
Maria Ekstrand Ragnar, Jenny Niemeyer Hultstrand, Tanja Tydén, Margareta Larsson
INTRODUCTION: Many women and men lack knowledge about fertility, including timing of the fertile window, age-related decline, and lifestyle factors that may impair fertility. The Internet has become an important source of information, but evidence-based information on fertility and reproduction in Swedish on the Internet is limited. The present study aimed to develop and evaluate an evidence-based fertility awareness website, '', to increase awareness of fertility and provide guidance for improved preconception health and care among individuals and healthcare providers...
June 18, 2018: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences
R El Arab, M Sagbakken
Background: This review aims to explore the healthcare needs and access to healthcare services among Syrian refugees in Jordan. Furthermore, it identifies possible ways of responding to such needs within the framework of the structural challenges faced in this particular context. Methods: Through qualitative techniques, this study systematically reviewed nine articles identified in academic and international organizations' databases. Six articles are from scholarly sources, while three are published reports or commentary articles; thus, there are variations in methodological rigour...
June 13, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Ayodotun Stephen Ibidunni, Maxwell Ayodele Olokundun, Oyebisi Mary Ibidunni, Taiye Tairat Borishade, Hezekiah Olubusayo Falola, Odunayo Paul Salau, Augusta Bosede Amaihian, Peter Fred
This research presents data on the effect of celebrity endorsement on consumers' brand preference. Copies of structured questionnaire were administered to 384 customers of telecommunication industry. Using descriptive, correlation and regression statistical analysis, the data revealed that celebrity image has an effect on consumer brand loyalty, celebrity trustworthiness has an influence on consumer brand association. More so, the relationship between celebrity expertise and perceived quality of the product was established...
June 2018: Data in Brief
Allison Gates, Michelle Gates, Gonçalo Duarte, Maria Cary, Monika Becker, Barbara Prediger, Ben Vandermeer, Ricardo M Fernandes, Dawid Pieper, Lisa Hartling
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews (SRs) of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) can provide the best evidence to inform decision-making, but their methodological and reporting quality varies. Tools exist to guide the critical appraisal of quality and risk of bias in SRs, but evaluations of their measurement properties are limited. We will investigate the interrater reliability (IRR), usability, and applicability of A MeaSurement Tool to Assess systematic Reviews (AMSTAR), AMSTAR 2, and Risk Of Bias In Systematic reviews (ROBIS) for SRs in the fields of biomedicine and public health...
June 13, 2018: Systematic Reviews
Agisilaos Chantzis, Joanna K Kowalska, Dimitrios Maganas, Serena DeBeer, Frank Neese
In this study, a detailed calibration of the performance of modern ab initio wavefunction methods in the domain of X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) is presented. It has been known for some time, that for a given level of approximation, e.g. using time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) in conjunction with a given basis set, there are systematic deviations of the calculated transition energies from their experimental values that depend on the functional, the basis set, and the chosen treatment of scalar relativistic effects...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
Cailee E Welch Bacon, Tricia M Kasamatsu, Kenneth C Lam, Sara L Nottingham
CONTEXT:   High-quality patient care documentation is an essential component of any health care professional's daily practice. Whereas athletic trainers (ATs) recognize the importance of patient care documentation, several barriers may prevent them from producing high-quality patient care documentation. OBJECTIVE:   To explore beneficial strategies and techniques that ATs perceived would enhance the quality of patient care documentation in the secondary school setting...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
Mei-Yin Lee, Huei-Shyong Wang, Chen-Jung Chen, Mei-Hua Lee
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore and describe the experience of social adjustment of adolescents with Tourette syndrome in Taiwan. BACKGROUND: Although Tourette syndrome is a non-life-threatening disease, the inherent difficulties in controlling tics and comorbidities can cause long-term physical and psychological issues, as well as social maladjustment among adolescents. Good social adjustment can promote mental health among adolescents. Currently, it is not clear how adolescents with Tourette syndrome can self-adjust and maintain harmonious social interaction with others...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Zhaleh Asadi Fakhr, Valiollah Mehrzad, Amin Izaditabar, Mansoor Salehi
OBJECTIVE: To clear the role of peripheral blood as a substitution for bone marrow in myelodysplastic syndrome and to evaluate the concordance between peripheral blood and bone marrow using karyotype and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) methods. METHODS: We examined 35 bone marrow (BM) and peripheral blood (PB) samples from myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patient using karyotype and FISH. Karyotype method for BM and PB samples performed using the standard protocol with an exception for peripheral blood in which growth factor for cultivation was not used...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Ge Li, Dan Feng, Xiaoxue Qu, Junling Fu, Yonghui Wang, Lianxia Li, Lujiao Li, Lanwen Han, Issy C Esangbedo, Mingyao Li, Ming Li, Shan Gao
The mechanisms by which obesity increases the risk of psychosocial disorders remain unclear. We aimed at exploring the association between obesity and self-concept in Chinese youths and the role of adipokines. Data for 559 participants (aged 14-28 years) were analyzed. Self-concept was assessed by utilizing the Self-Description Questionnaire II (SDQ-II). Subjects with obesity had higher leptin, FGF21 and lower adiponectin levels (all p < 0.001). They also had lower SDQ-II scores especially in the domains of general school, physical abilities, physical appearance and opposite-sex relations (all p < 0...
June 8, 2018: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Cordelia Obizoba
BACKGROUND: Objective evaluation of clinical competencies is a key component of undergraduate nursing education programs. Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE), widely used in nursing education internationally has limited utilization in undergraduate nursing programs in the United States. The efficacy of OSCE as a valuable method of objective evaluation of students' clinical competencies is not so much the problem for the nursing faculty; overcoming the impediments of its implementation is a much greater challenge...
June 6, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Ahmad Aboshaiqah, Abdiqani Qasim
BACKGROUND: Nursing interns are newly graduate students with limited real-life work experiences. These novices are in the process of enhancing their competencies in the delivery of quality nursing care with the guidance of the preceptors. Hence, it is relevant to examine the impact of preceptorship, as a teaching strategy, among nursing interns during their preceptorship years in clinical settings. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine if the preceptorship program has provided the nursing interns the needed education in enhancing clinical competence...
June 1, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Nikita Roman A Jegan, Sarah Anna Kürwitz, Lena Kathrin Kramer, Monika Heinzel-Gutenbrunner, Charles Christian Adarkwah, Uwe Popert, Norbert Donner-Banzhoff
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the effects of three different risk displays used in a cardiovascular risk calculator on patients' motivation for shared decision-making (SDM). We compared a newly developed time-to-event (TTE) display with two established absolute risk displays (i.e. emoticons and bar charts). The accessibility, that is, how understandable, helpful, and trustworthy patients found each display, was also investigated. METHODS: We analysed a sample of 353 patients recruited in general practices...
June 9, 2018: BMC Family Practice
Alexandra Bucknor, Joani Christensen, Parisa Kamali, Sabine Egeler, Charlotte van Veldhuisen, Hinne Rakhorst, Irene Mathijssen, Samuel J Lin, Heather Furnas
Background: Implicit gender bias may result in lower wages for women, fewer leadership positions, and lower perceived competence. Understanding public and patient gender preferences for plastic surgeons may enable opportunities to address public perceptions. This investigation evaluates public preferences for a plastic surgeon's gender or demeanor. Methods: Members of the Amazon Mechanical Turk crowdsourcing platform read 1 of the 8 randomly assigned scenarios describing a hypothetical situation requiring a plastic surgeon to operate on their mother...
April 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
John Torous, Jennifer Nicholas, Mark E Larsen, Joseph Firth, Helen Christensen
The potential of smartphone apps to improve quality and increase access to mental health care is increasingly clear. Yet even in the current global mental health crisis, real-world uptake of smartphone apps by clinics or consumers remains low. To understand this dichotomy, this paper reviews current challenges surrounding user engagement with mental health smartphone apps. While smartphone engagement metrics and reporting remains heterogeneous in the literature, focusing on themes offers a framework to identify underlying trends...
June 5, 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
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