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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220620/mediating-peer-teaching-for-learning-games-an-action-research-intervention-across-three-consecutive-sport-education-seasons
#1
Cláudio Farias, Isabel Mesquita, Peter A Hastie, Toni O'Donovan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to provide an integrated analysis of a teacher's peer-teaching mediation strategies, the student-coaches' instruction, and the students' gameplay development across 3 consecutive seasons of sport education. METHOD: Twenty-six 7th-grade students participated in 3 consecutive sport education seasons of invasion games (basketball, handball, and soccer). The research involved 3 action research cycles, 1 per season, and each cycle included the processes of planning, acting and monitoring, reflecting, and fact finding...
December 8, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214437/older-adults-neural-activation-in-the-reward-circuit-is-sensitive-to-face-trustworthiness
#2
Leslie A Zebrowitz, Noreen Ward, Jasmine Boshyan, Angela Gutchess, Nouchine Hadjikhani
We examined older adult (OA) and younger adult (YA) neural sensitivity to face trustworthiness in reward circuit regions, previously found to respond to trustworthiness in YA. Interactions of face trustworthiness with age revealed effects exclusive to OA in the amygdala and caudate, and an effect that was not moderated by age in the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC). OA, but not YA, showed a nonlinear amygdala response to face trustworthiness, with significantly stronger activation response to high than to medium trustworthy faces, and no difference between low and medium or high...
December 6, 2017: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210753/faculty-support-for-self-directed-learning-in-internal-medicine-residency-a-qualitative-study-using-grounded-theory
#3
Adam P Sawatsky, John T Ratelle, Sara L Bonnes, Jason S Egginton, Thomas J Beckman
PURPOSE: Self-directed learning (SDL) is part of residency training, which residents desire guidance in implementing. To characterize SDL within the clinical context, this study explored residents' perceptions of faculty members' role in promoting and supporting resident SDL. METHOD: Using a constructivist grounded theory approach, the authors conducted 7 focus groups with 46 internal medicine residents at the Mayo Clinic Internal Medicine Residency Program from October 2014 to January 2015...
November 28, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202616/series-practical-guidance-to-qualitative-research-part-4-trustworthiness-and-publishing
#4
Irene Korstjens, Albine Moser
In the course of our supervisory work over the years we have noticed that qualitative research tends to evoke a lot of questions and worries, so-called frequently asked questions (FAQs). This series of four articles intends to provide novice researchers with practical guidance for conducting high-quality qualitative research in primary care. By 'novice' we mean Master's students and junior researchers, as well as experienced quantitative researchers who are engaging in qualitative research for the first time...
December 5, 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199486/series-practical-guidance-to-qualitative-research-part-3-sampling-data-collection-and-analysis
#5
Albine Moser, Irene Korstjens
In the course of our supervisory work over the years, we have noticed that qualitative research tends to evoke a lot of questions and worries, so-called frequently asked questions (FAQs). This series of four articles intends to provide novice researchers with practical guidance for conducting high-quality qualitative research in primary care. By 'novice' we mean Master's students and junior researchers, as well as experienced quantitative researchers who are engaging in qualitative research for the first time...
December 4, 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197230/the-influence-of-prior-reputation-and-reciprocity-on-dynamic-trust-building-in-adults-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorder
#6
Cornelius Maurer, Valerian Chambon, Sacha Bourgeois-Gironde, Marion Leboyer, Tiziana Zalla
The present study was designed to investigate the effects of reputational priors and direct reciprocity on the dynamics of trust building in adults with (N = 17) and without (N = 25) autism spectrum disorder (ASD) using a multi-round Trust Game (MTG). On each round, participants, who played as investors, were required to maximize their benefits by updating their prior expectations (the partner's positive or negative reputation), based on the partner's directed reciprocity, and adjusting their own investment decisions accordingly...
November 29, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196877/gold-open-access-the-best-of-both-worlds
#7
REVIEW
M A G van der Heyden, T A B van Veen
Gold open access provides free distribution of trustworthy scientific knowledge for everyone. As publication modus, it has to withstand the bad reputation of predatory journals and overcome the preconceptions of those who believe that open access is synonymous with poor quality articles and high costs. Gold open access has a bright future and will serve the scientific community, clinicians without academic affiliations and the general public.
December 1, 2017: Netherlands Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191387/knowledge-translation-in-tri-sectoral-collaborations-an-exploration-of-perceptions-of-academia-industry-and-healthcare-collaborations-in-innovation-adoption
#8
Suzanne Sayuri Ii, Louise Fitzgerald, Megan M Morys-Carter, Natasha L Davie, Richard Barker
With the aging population and increase in chronic disease conditions, innovation to transform treatment pathways and service delivery will be necessary. The innovation adoption process however, can take 15 years before widespread adoption occurs in most healthcare systems. Current UK government policies to increase the facilitation of innovation adoption are under way. The aim of this study is to explore perceptions of tri-sectoral collaborations in the healthcare sector. The data in the study are drawn from a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2015 of professionals in academia, industry and the healthcare sectors in England, focusing on Diabetes care...
November 24, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189856/-the-impact-of-the-orthopedic-surgeons-attire-on-patient-preferences
#9
Stefan Lozic, Pedro Christian Aravena, Nicolás Martínez, Catalina Proboste, Nicolás Pinto, Gabriel Albornoz, Pablo Larraguibel
BACKGROUND: The formal appearance of health care professionals may influence their trustworthiness. AIM: To determine the effect of the orthopedic surgeon's attire on patients' perceptions of credibility and reliability of professionals. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional design, 351 patients (mean age 43 ± 17 years, 62% males) from the Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology of a Chilean regional hospital in southem of Chile were chosen to complete a questionnaire of attire preferences, in which five photographs with male and female orthopedic surgeons appeared (executive, formal attire, informal attire, scrubs and casual clothing)...
August 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186879/the-weak-spots-in-contemporary-science-and-how-to-fix-them
#10
REVIEW
Jelte M Wicherts
In this review, the author discusses several of the weak spots in contemporary science, including scientific misconduct, the problems of post hoc hypothesizing (HARKing), outcome switching, theoretical bloopers in formulating research questions and hypotheses, selective reading of the literature, selective citing of previous results, improper blinding and other design failures, p-hacking or researchers' tendency to analyze data in many different ways to find positive (typically significant) results, errors and biases in the reporting of results, and publication bias...
November 27, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185826/series-practical-guidance-to-qualitative-research-part-2-context-research-questions-and-designs
#11
Irene Korstjens, Albine Moser
In the course of our supervisory work over the years, we have noticed that qualitative research tends to evoke a lot of questions and worries, so-called frequently asked questions (FAQs). This series of four articles intends to provide novice researchers with practical guidance for conducting high-quality qualitative research in primary care. By 'novice' we mean Master's students and junior researchers, as well as experienced quantitative researchers who are engaging in qualitative research for the first time...
December 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178318/thyroid-cancer-patients-receiving-an-interdisciplinary-team-based-care-approach-itca-thyca-appear-to-display-better-outcomes-program-evaluation-results-indicating-a-need-for-further-integrated-care-and-support
#12
Melissa Henry, Saul Frenkiel, Gabrielle Chartier, Richard Payne, Christina MacDonald, Martin Black, Alexander Mlynarek, Anthony Zeitouni, Karen Kost, Carmen Loiselle, Antoinette Ehrler, Zeev Rosberger, Michael Tamilia, Kelly Chang, Cecilia de la Mora, Camille Arbaud, Michael Hier
BACKGROUND: Thyroid cancer (ThyCa) is generally associated with a favorable prognosis and excellent surgical outcomes. Consequently, its treatment is medically focused and current guidelines recommend interdisciplinary care including access to a nurse for complex cases alone. To date, no studies have evaluated the need for and impact of an Interdisciplinary Team Based Care Approach(ITCA-ThyCa) for general Thyroid Cancer patients, including a dedicated nurse as part of a larger interdisciplinary team, as well as patient-reported outcomes, as is recommended worldwide in cancer care...
November 25, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171766/bioanalytical-methods-for-the-detection-of-antidiabetic-drugs-a-review
#13
Mariana Millan Fachi, Letícia Paula Leonart, Flávia Lada Degaut Pontes, Raquel de Oliveira Vilhena, Letícia Bonancio Cerqueira, Roberto Pontarolo
Type 2 diabetes mellitus, a disease which prevalence has been progressively increasing worldwide, is characterized by chronic hyperglycemia resulting from the combination of inappropriate insulin secretion and/or resistance to insulin action. If left uncontrolled, diabetes is associated with complications such as dysfunction and failure of various organs, and even premature death. Along with lifestyle-modification strategies, several classes of oral antidiabetic agents can be employed for glycemic control. Thus, therapeutic drug monitoring of these drugs is essential to maintain appropriate treatment...
November 24, 2017: Bioanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169611/the-conduct-and-reporting-of-child-health-research-an-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials-published-in-2012-and-evaluation-of-change-over-5-years
#14
Allison Gates, Lisa Hartling, Ben Vandermeer, Patrina Caldwell, Despina G Contopoulos-Ioannidis, Sarah Curtis, Ricardo M Fernandes, Terry P Klassen, Katrina Williams, Michele P Dyson
OBJECTIVES: For child health randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published in 2012, we aimed to describe design and reporting characteristics and evaluate changes since 2007; assess the association between trial design and registration and risk of bias (RoB); and assess the association between RoB and effect size. STUDY DESIGN: For 300 RCTs, we extracted design and reporting characteristics and assessed RoB. We assessed 5-year changes in design and reporting (based on 300 RCTs we had previously analyzed) using the Fisher exact test...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163359/attitudes-of-palestinian-health-care-professionals-in-gaza-to-clinical-practice-guideline-for-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Mahmoud Radwan, Ali Akbari Sari, Arash Rashidian, Amirhossein Takian, Sanaa Abou-Dagga, Aymen Elsous
Background: Despite the huge numbers of the internationally produced and implemented Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs), the compliance with them is still low in health care. This study aimed at assessing the attitudes of Palestinian health-care professionals toward the most perceived factors influencing the adherence to the CPG for Diabetes Mellitus in the Primary Health-care centers of the Ministry of Health (PHC-MoH) and the Primary Health-care centers of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (PHC-UNRWA) using a validated questionnaire...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163315/does-short-term-hunger-increase-trust-and-trustworthiness-in-a-high-trust-society
#16
Elias Rantapuska, Riitta Freese, Iiro P Jääskeläinen, Kaisa Hytönen
We build on the social heuristics hypothesis, the literature on the glucose model of self-control, and recent challenges on these hypotheses to investigate whether individuals exhibit a change in degree of trust and reciprocation after consumption of a meal. We induce short-term manipulation of hunger followed by the trust game and a decision on whether to leave personal belongings in an unlocked and unsupervised room. Our results are inconclusive. While, we report hungry individuals trusting and reciprocating more than those who have just consumed a meal in a high trust society, we fail to reject the null with small number of observations (N = 101) and experimental sessions (N = 8)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161886/perceived-barriers-and-enablers-of-help-seeking-for-substance-use-problems-during-adolescence
#17
Bonita J Berridge, Terence V McCann, Ali Cheetham, Dan I Lubman
AIM: Receiving professional help early can reduce long-term harms associated with substance use. However, little is known about the factors that influence help-seeking for substance use problems during early-mid adolescence, prior to the emergence of disorder. Given that beliefs regarding help-seeking are likely to develop early, understanding adolescent views of help-seeking during this period is likely to provide important information for prevention and intervention efforts. The current study identifies perceptions that would facilitate or prevent adolescents from seeking support for substance use problems from formal and informal help sources...
February 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161225/from-sexual-desire-discrepancies-to-desirable-sex-creating-the-optimal-connection
#18
Peggy J Kleinplatz, Maxime Charest, Shannon Lawless, Marlene Neufeld, Robert Neufeld, Danielle Pratt, A Dana Ménard, Bogdan Buduru, Lianne Rosen
Beginning in 2005, our team conducted a series of studies on optimal sexual experiences. We have applied our findings to develop a group therapy intervention for couples presenting with low sexual desire/frequency and sexual desire discrepancy. The goal was to improve the quality of erotic intimacy by focusing on such elements as being fully embodied during sex, increasing authenticity, trustworthiness and vulnerability. Twenty-eight heterosexual individuals (14 couples) were seen in 16 hours of couples group therapy...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157559/-deciding-wisely-together-an-initiative-of-the-association-of-the-scientific-medical-societies-in-germany-mission-methodology-and-application
#19
Monika Nothacker, Rolf Kreienberg, Ina Kopp
The question of how to improve healthcare quality and the need for patient empowerment and shared decision-making has been subject of political and scientific debate for years. In addition to various quality initiatives, "top lists" summarizing selected recommendations to increase awareness of overuse, spread by means of public campaigns, has become popular on the international level-known as the "Choosing Wisely" initiative. However, the trustworthiness of "top lists", their impact on patient-relevant outcomes, their role in and integration into the context of the various pre-existing approaches to improve healthcare quality and the effects of neglecting under- and misuse are not clear...
November 17, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157513/antipsychotic-augmentation-for-major-depressive-disorder-a-review-of-clinical-practice-guidelines
#20
REVIEW
Peter Simons, Lisa Cosgrove, Allen F Shaughnessy, Harold Bursztajn
Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs) are seen as the gold standard of evidence-based care. Because of their influence, these guidelines can have profound legal and economic effects. Despite their proliferation and influence, the trustworthiness and quality of guidelines have been seriously questioned and they have been implicated as drivers of overtreatment. In the U.S, augmentation with second generation antipsychotics (SGAs) is becoming an increasingly common strategy for treating major depressive disorder (MDD) when initial antidepressant treatment does not result in remission of symptoms...
November 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
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