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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052884/systematic-reviews-let-s-keep-them-trustworthy
#1
EDITORIAL
I Garcia-Doval, E J van Zuuren, F Bath-Hextall, J R Ingram
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051917/perceptions-of-the-food-and-drug-administration-as-a-tobacco-regulator
#2
Kristen L Jarman, Leah M Ranney, Hannah M Baker, Quirina M Vallejos, Adam O Goldstein
OBJECTIVES: The U. S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) now has regulatory authority over all tobacco products. Little is known about public awareness and perceptions of FDA in their new role as a tobacco regulator. This research utilizes focus groups to examine perceptions of FDA as a tobacco regulator so that FDA can better communicate with the public about this role. METHODS: We conducted 6 focus groups in 2014 among a diverse sample of smokers and non-smokers...
April 2017: Tobacco Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048316/the-maximum-likelihood-alignment-approach-to-testing-for-approximate-measurement-invariance-a-paradigmatic-cross-cultural-application
#3
Barbara M Byrne, Fons J R van de Vijver
BACKGROUND: The impracticality of using the confirmatory factor analytic (CFA) approach in testing measurement invariance across many groups is now well known. A concertedeffort to addressing these encumbrances over the last decade has resulted in a new generation of alternative methodological procedures that allow for approximate, rather than exact measurement invariance across groups. The purpose of this article is twofold: (a) to describe and illustrate common difficulties encountered when tests for multigroup invariance are based on traditional CFA procedures and the number of groups is large, and (b) to walk readers through the maximum likelihood (ML) alignment approach in testing for approximate measurement invariance...
November 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048304/trustworthiness-of-a-smile-as-a-function-of-changes-in-the-eye-expression
#4
Andrés Fernández-Martín, Patricia Álvarez-Plaza, Laura Carqué, Manuel G Calvo
BACKGROUND: Trusting other people is necessary for satisfactory and successful social interaction. A person’s perceived trustworthiness is related to perceived facial happiness. We investigated how trustworthy someone with a smiling face looks depending on changes in eye expression. METHOD: Video-clips of dynamic expressions were presented, with different combinations of the mouth (smiling vs. neutral) and the eyes (happy, neutral, surprised, sad, fearful, disgusted, or angry)...
November 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043284/exploring-the-position-of-community-based-nursing-in-iran-a-qualitative-study
#5
Heshmatolah Heydari, Zahra Rahnavard, Fatemeh Ghaffari
BACKGROUND: Community-based nursing focuses on providing health services to families and communities in the second and third levels of prevention and this can improve the individuals, families and communities' quality of life, and reduce the healthcare costs. The aim of this study was to explore the status of community-based nursing in Iran. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted from March to November 2015, in Tehran, Iran, using the content analysis approach...
October 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034240/dark-chocolate-opportunity-for-an-alliance-between-medical-science-and-the-food-industry
#6
Ivan M Petyaev, Yuriy K Bashmakov
Dark chocolate (DC) was originally introduced in human nutrition as a medicinal product consumable in a liquid form. Century-long efforts of food industry transformed this hardly appealing product into a valuable modern culinary delight with clear predominance of confectionery brands of DC on the market. However, current epidemiological data as well as multiple experimental and clinical observations reveal that DC consumption may have a profound effect on cardiovascular, central nervous systems, hemostasis, and lipid metabolism...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033881/age-and-gender-differences-in-facial-attractiveness-but-not-emotion-resemblance-contribute-to-age-and-gender-stereotypes
#7
Rocco Palumbo, Reginald B Adams, Ursula Hess, Robert E Kleck, Leslie Zebrowitz
Considerable research has shown effects of facial appearance on trait impressions and group stereotypes. We extended those findings in two studies that investigated the contribution of resemblance to emotion expressions and attractiveness to younger adults (YA) and older adults (OA) age and gender stereotypes on the dimensions of warmth and competence. Using connectionist modeling of facial metrics of 240 neutral younger and older faces, Study 1 found that, neutral expression older faces or female faces showed greater structural resemblance to happy expressions and less resemblance to angry expressions than did younger or male faces, respectively...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032415/from-aggregation-to-interpretation-how-assessors-judge-complex-data-in-a-competency-based-portfolio
#8
Andrea Oudkerk Pool, Marjan J B Govaerts, Debbie A D C Jaarsma, Erik W Driessen
While portfolios are increasingly used to assess competence, the validity of such portfolio-based assessments has hitherto remained unconfirmed. The purpose of the present research is therefore to further our understanding of how assessors form judgments when interpreting the complex data included in a competency-based portfolio. Eighteen assessors appraised one of three competency-based mock portfolios while thinking aloud, before taking part in semi-structured interviews. A thematic analysis of the think-aloud protocols and interviews revealed that assessors reached judgments through a 3-phase cyclical cognitive process of acquiring, organizing, and integrating evidence...
October 14, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029195/helpfulness-trust-and-safety-of-neighborhoods-social-capital-household-income-and-self-reported-health-of-older-adults
#9
Cindy L Cain, Steven Wallace, Ninez Ponce
Background and Objectives: Growing literature documents that where you live has an impact on your health, due in part to social capital. Building on social capital literature, we assess how subjective appraisals of neighborhood quality are associated with self-reported health (SRH) for older adults. Research Design and Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of the 2014 California Health Interview Survey, a representative survey of diverse, noninstitutionalized California residents...
September 23, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025847/exploring-the-role-of-the-nurse-manager-in-supporting-point-of-care-nurses-adoption-of-electronic-health-records-protocol-for-a-qualitative-research-study
#10
Gillian Strudwick, Richard G Booth, Ragnhildur I Bjarnadottir, Sarah Collins, Rani Srivastava
INTRODUCTION: An increasing number of electronic health record (EHR) systems have been implemented in clinical practice environments where nurses work. Findings from previous studies have found that a number of intended benefits of the technology have not yet been realised to date, partially due to poor system adoption among health professionals such as nurses. Previous studies have suggested that nurse managers can support the effective adoption and use of the technology by nurses. However, no known studies have identified what role nurse managers have in supporting technology adoption, nor the specific strategies that managers can employ to support their staff...
October 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023462/the-sound-of-trustworthiness-acoustic-based-modulation-of-perceived-voice-personality
#11
Pascal Belin, Bibi Boehme, Phil McAleer
When we hear a new voice we automatically form a "first impression" of the voice owner's personality; a single word is sufficient to yield ratings highly consistent across listeners. Past studies have shown correlations between personality ratings and acoustical parameters of voice, suggesting a potential acoustical basis for voice personality impressions, but its nature and extent remain unclear. Here we used data-driven voice computational modelling to investigate the link between acoustics and perceived trustworthiness in the single word "hello"...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020970/informing-new-or-improved-vector-control-tools-for-reducing-the-malaria-burden-in-tanzania-a-qualitative-exploration-of-perceptions-of-mosquitoes-and-methods-for-their-control-among-the-residents-of-dar-es-salaam
#12
Christina Makungu, Stephania Stephen, Salome Kumburu, Nicodem J Govella, Stefan Dongus, Zoe Jane-Lara Hildon, Gerry F Killeen, Caroline Jones
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of malaria prevention with long-lasting insecticidal nets and indoor residual spraying is limited by emerging insecticide resistance, evasive mosquito behaviours that include outdoor biting, sub-optimal implementation and inappropriate use. New vector control interventions are required and their potential effectiveness will be enhanced if existing household perceptions and practices are integrated into intervention design. METHODS: This qualitative descriptive study used focus groups discussions, in-depth interviews and photovoice methods to explore mosquito control perceptions and practices among residents in four study sites in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania...
October 11, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018355/criterion-validity-of-commercially-available-physical-activity-tracker-to-estimate-step-count-covered-distance-and-energy-expenditure-during-sports-conditions
#13
Yvonne Wahl, Peter Düking, Anna Droszez, Patrick Wahl, Joachim Mester
Background: In the past years, there was an increasing development of physical activity tracker (Wearables). For recreational people, testing of these devices under walking or light jogging conditions might be sufficient. For (elite) athletes, however, scientific trustworthiness needs to be given for a broad spectrum of velocities or even fast changes in velocities reflecting the demands of the sport. Therefore, the aim was to evaluate the validity of eleven Wearables for monitoring step count, covered distance and energy expenditure (EE) under laboratory conditions with different constant and varying velocities...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016663/information-sources-awareness-and-preventive-health-behaviors-in-a-population-at-risk-of-arsenic-exposure-the-role-of-gender-and-social-networks
#14
Frédéric Mertens, Renata Távora, Eduardo Yoshio Nakano, Zuleica Carmen Castilhos
The population of Paracatu is at risk of Arsenic (As) exposure associated with long-term exploration of the largest open pit gold mine in Brazil. As part of the interdisciplinary research "The Paracatu project: Arsenic environmental contamination and human health risks assessment in Paracatu-MG", carried out between 2011 and 2013, we used data disaggregated by gender to identify the sources of As-related information being accessed by inhabitants of Paracatu and to examine if access to these sources was correlated to awareness of As health effects and adoption of behaviors to reduce risk of As exposure...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979911/early-clinical-exposure-program-in-learning-renal-physiology
#15
Arman Dehghan, Mitra Amini, Mohammad Mahdi Sagheb, Seyed Mostafa Shidmoosavi, Parisa Nabeiei
INTRODUCTION: Teaching renal physiology for undergraduate medical students in an understandable way using methods which improve their deep learning has always been a problem. In this study, Early Clinical Exposure (ECE) was used in teaching renal physiology for the second year medical students in Shiraz Medical School. This article aims to introduce and develop this program and also measure the attitude of medical students toward ECE in learning renal physiology. METHODS: This is a mixed method study conducted on 120 second year undergraduate students...
October 2017: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974169/challenges-experienced-by-parents-living-with-a-child-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#16
Meisie Mofokeng, Anna E van der Wath
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this South African study was to explore parents' experiences of living with a child with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: A qualitative research design was followed. Purposive sampling was used to select ten parents living with children diagnosed with ADHD receiving outpatient treatment at a psychiatric facility. Data, collected through unstructured individual interviews, were analysed using open coding. Measures to ensure trustworthiness and ethical research practices were applied...
September 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974089/overfill-protection-and-hyperdynamics-in-adaptively-biased-simulations
#17
Bradley M Dickson
Two problems associated with adaptively biased simulations are considered: overfilling and timescale estimation. First, a simple and computationally efficient procedure for limiting the bias fill-depth of any adaptive biasing potential is introduced. The resulting bias potential floods only up to a specified level and avoids bias accumulation in higher regions of free energy. Second, hyperdynamics can be invoked in combination with this depth-limited bias potential to estimate timescales. We argue that allowing the bias to equilibrate to a set depth is one crux in efficient hyperdynamics application...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970617/exploring-the-requisite-skills-and-competencies-of-pharmacists-needed-for-success-in-an-evolving-health-care-environment
#18
Jacqueline E McLaughlin, Antonio A Bush, Philip T Rodgers, Mollie Ashe Scott, Meg Zomorodi, Nicole R Pinelli, Mary T Roth
Objective. To identify and describe the core competencies and skills considered essential for success of pharmacists in today's rapidly evolving health care environment. Methods. Six breakout groups of 15-20 preceptors, pharmacists, and partners engaged in a facilitated discussion about the qualities and characteristics relevant to the success of a pharmacy graduate. Data were analyzed using qualitative methods. Peer-debriefing, multiple coders, and member-checking were used to promote trustworthiness of findings...
August 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965612/hrs-clinical-document-development-methodology-manual-and-policies-executive-summary
#19
Julia H Indik, Kristen K Patton, Marianne Beardsall, Carol A Chen-Scarabelli, Mitchell I Cohen, Timm-Michael L Dickfeld, David E Haines, Robert H Helm, Kousik Krishnan, Jens Cosedis Nielsen, John Rickard, John L Sapp, Mina Chung
The Heart Rhythm Society (HRS) has been developing clinical practice documents in collaboration and partnership with other professional medical societies since 1996. The HRS formed a Scientific and Clinical Documents Committee (SCDC) with the sole purpose of managing the development of these documents from conception through publication. The SCDC oversees the process for developing clinical practice documents, with input and approval from the HRS Executive Committee and the Board of Trustees. As of May 2017, the HRS has produced more than 80 publications with other professional organizations...
October 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964430/good-practices-for-real-world-data-studies-of-treatment-and-or-comparative-effectiveness-recommendations-from-the-joint-ispor-ispe-special-task-force-on-real-world-evidence-in-health-care-decision-making
#20
Marc L Berger, Harold Sox, Richard J Willke, Diana L Brixner, Hans-Georg Eichler, Wim Goettsch, David Madigan, Amr Makady, Sebastian Schneeweiss, Rosanna Tarricone, Shirley V Wang, John Watkins, C Daniel Mullins
PURPOSE: Real-world evidence (RWE) includes data from retrospective or prospective observational studies and observational registries and provides insights beyond those addressed by randomized controlled trials. RWE studies aim to improve health care decision making. METHODS: The International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR) and the International Society for Pharmacoepidemiology (ISPE) created a task force to make recommendations regarding good procedural practices that would enhance decision makers' confidence in evidence derived from RWD studies...
September 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
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