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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640752/argumentation-a-methodology-to-facilitate-critical-thinking
#1
Agnes Makhene
Caring is a difficult nursing activity that involves a complex nature of a human being in need of complex decision-making and problem solving through the critical thinking process. It is mandatory that critical thinking is facilitated in general and in nursing education particularly in order to render care in diverse multicultural patient care settings. This paper aims to describe how argumentation can be used to facilitate critical thinking in learners. A qualitative, exploratory and descriptive design that is contextual was used...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635079/oxygen-vacancy-mediated-photocatalysis-of-biocl-reactivity-selectivity-and-perspective
#2
Hao Li, Jie Li, Zhihui Ai, Falong Jia, Lizhi Zhang
Semiconductor photocatalysis is a trustworthy approach to harvest clean solar light for energy conversions, while state-of-the-art catalytic efficiencies are unsatisfactory because of the finite light response and/or robust charge carriers' recombination. Along with the development of modern material characterization techniques and electronic-structure computations, oxygen vacancies (OVs) on real photocatalysts surface, even in infinitesimal concentration, are found to play a more decisive role in determining the kinetics, energetics and mechanisms of photocatalytic reactions...
June 20, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634765/a-450-year-old-turkish-poem-on-medical-ethics
#3
REVIEW
Halil Tekiner
The Ottoman physician-poet Nidai of Ankara (1509 to post-1567) studied medicine in Crimea and served as a court physician in Istanbul during the reign of Sultan Selim II. Nidai marked the classical period of Ottoman medicine particularly with his acclaimed works and translations in Turkish, among which Manafi al-Nas (Benefits of People, 1566) became widely known. The final chapter of Manafi al-Nas also is known independently under the name Vasiyyetname (Last Will), which is a remarkable guide on medical ethics...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630033/trust-and-credibility-in-web-based-health-information-a-review-and-agenda-for-future-research
#4
Laura Sbaffi, Jennifer Rowley
BACKGROUND: Internet sources are becoming increasingly important in seeking health information, such that they may have a significant effect on health care decisions and outcomes. Hence, given the wide range of different sources of Web-based health information (WHI) from different organizations and individuals, it is important to understand how information seekers evaluate and select the sources that they use, and more specifically, how they assess their credibility and trustworthiness...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628706/diagnostic-accuracy-of-fecal-immunochemical-test-in-patients-at-increased-risk-for-colorectal-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#5
Anastasia Katsoula, Paschalis Paschos, Anna-Bettina Haidich, Apostolos Tsapas, Olga Giouleme
Importance: The potential role of the fecal immunochemical test (FIT) for screening patients at increased risk for colorectal cancer (CRC) has not yet been elucidated. Objective: To assess the diagnostic accuracy of FIT for CRC or advanced neoplasia (AN) in asymptomatic patients at above-average risk. Data Sources: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and gray literature sources through August 2016. Study Selection: Diagnostic studies evaluating the accuracy of FIT for CRC or AN in patients with a personal or familial history of CRC using colonoscopy as the reference standard...
June 19, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616418/researcher-s-experiences-about-their-publication-in-isi-journals-a-qualitative-study-in-isfahan-university-of-medical-sciences
#6
Rasool Nouri, Mahmoud Keyvanara, Rezvan Ojaghi, Anasic Lalazarian, Urfa Hovsepian
BACKGROUND: As one of the indicators of actual growth and scientific development capacity of countries, the importance of the research is steadily increasing. Knowing that success depends on the work done by researchers so identified identify these barriers and pave the way for one of the concerned authorities of their research. METHODS: This qualitative study using analysis of the theme. Semi-structured interviews were used to collect the data. Participants include people who are experienced and knowledgeable in the field...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606391/tensions-in-relation-how-peer-support-is-experienced-and-received-in-a-hepatitis-c-treatment-intervention
#7
Oliver Bonnington, Magdalena Harris
BACKGROUND: Peer support and involvement is recognised as a vital component of hepatitis C (HCV) treatment provision for marginalised populations, such as people who inject drugs (PWID). Developments in HCV treatments enable increased provision in community settings - expanding the possibilities for meaningful peer involvement in HCV treatment plans. To date, HCV peer support has generally been viewed as a positive intervention, with little critical reflection on the ways social structures, policies, health and drug services and social identity impact on how peer support is experienced and received...
June 9, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606138/exploring-shared-risks-through-public-private-partnerships-in-public-health-programs-a-mixed-method
#8
Wadi B Alonazi
BACKGROUND: The natural assimilation of the process through which health partners sustain long-term relationships is a key issue in maintaining social well-being, reducing health risk factors, and sustaining public health programs. One global initiative in building effective healthcare systems is public-private partnerships (PPPs). This study elucidates the proposed key performance indicators initiated by the Ministry of Health of Saudi Arabia based on the projections of the government, known as Vision 2030, from the perspective of health risk factors...
June 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595070/effects-of-limited-midwifery-clinical-education-and-practice-standardisation-of-student-preparedness
#9
Zanyiwe Vuso, Sindiwe James
AIM: To explore the perceptions of midwifery educators regarding effects of limited standardisation of midwifery clinical education and practice on clinical preparedness of midwifery students. BACKGROUND: Investigation of levels of clinical competency of students is a critical need in the current era. Such competency levels are especially important in midwifery practice in South Africa as there is a significant increase of maternal deaths and litigations in the country...
May 23, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585154/systematic-reviews-of-diagnostic-tests-in-endocrinology-an-audit-of-methods-reporting-and-performance
#10
Gabriela Spencer-Bonilla, Naykky Singh Ospina, Rene Rodriguez-Gutierrez, Juan P Brito, Nicole Iñiguez-Ariza, Shrikant Tamhane, Patricia J Erwin, M Hassan Murad, Victor M Montori
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews provide clinicians and policymakers estimates of diagnostic test accuracy and their usefulness in clinical practice. We identified all available systematic reviews of diagnosis in endocrinology, summarized the diagnostic accuracy of the tests included, and assessed the credibility and clinical usefulness of the methods and reporting. METHODS: We searched Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane CENTRAL from inception to December 2015 for systematic reviews and meta-analyses reporting accuracy measures of diagnostic tests in endocrinology...
June 5, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582988/trust-of-community-health-workers-influences-the-acceptance-of-community-based-maternal-and-child-health-services
#11
Merridy Grant, Aurene Wilford, Lyn Haskins, Sifiso Phakathi, Ntokozo Mntambo, Christiane M Horwood
BACKGROUND: Community health workers (CHWs) are a component of the health system in many countries, providing effective community-based services to mothers and infants. However, implementation of CHW programmes at scale has been challenging in many settings. AIM: To explore the acceptability of CHWs conducting household visits to mothers and infants during pregnancy and after delivery, from the perspective of community members, professional nurses and CHWs themselves...
May 29, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580750/raising-the-bar-on-guideline-utility-and-trustworthiness
#12
EDITORIAL
Ian A Scott, Derek P Chew, Maree Branagan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577457/a-qualitative-study-on-feedback-provided-by-students-in-nurse-education
#13
Zenobia C Y Chan, David John Stanley, Robert J Meadus, Wai Tong Chien
BACKGROUND: This study aims to help nurse educators/academics understand the perspectives and expectations of students providing their feedback to educators about teaching performance and subject quality. AIM: The aim of this study is to reveal students' voices regarding their feedback in nurse education in order to shed light on how the current student feedback practice may be modified. DESIGN: A qualitative study using focus group inquiry...
May 27, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577253/am%C3%A2-i-ready-for-it-students-perceptions-of-meaningful-feedback-on-entrustable-professional-activities
#14
Chantal C M A Duijn, Lisanne S Welink, Mira Mandoki, Olle T J Ten Cate, Wim D J Kremer, Harold G J Bok
BACKGROUND: Receiving feedback while in the clinical workplace is probably the most frequently voiced desire of students. In clinical learning environments, providing and seeking performance-relevant information is often difficult for both supervisors and students. The use of entrustable professional activities (EPAs) can help to improve student assessment within competency-based education. This study aimed to illustrate what students' perceptions are of meaningful feedback viewed as conducive in preparing for performing EPA unsupervised...
June 2, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575094/barriers-to-disseminating-brief-cbt-for-voices-from-a-lived-experience-and-clinician-perspective
#15
Cassie M Hazell, Clara Strauss, Kate Cavanagh, Mark Hayward
Access to psychological therapies continues to be poor for people experiencing psychosis. To address this problem, researchers are developing brief interventions that address the specific symptoms associated with psychosis, i.e., hearing voices. As part of the development work for a brief Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) intervention for voices we collected qualitative data from people who hear voices (study 1) and clinicians (study 2) on the potential barriers and facilitators to implementation and engagement...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574751/athletic-trainers-reasons-for-and-mechanics-of-documenting-patient-care-a-report-from-the-athletic-training-practice-based-research-network
#16
Sara L Nottingham, Kenneth C Lam, Tricia M Kasamatsu, Bradly L Eppelheimer, Cailee E Welch Bacon
CONTEXT:   Documenting patient care is an important responsibility of athletic trainers (ATs). However, little is known about ATs' reasons for documenting patient care and mechanics of completing documentation tasks. OBJECTIVE:   To understand ATs' perceptions about reasons for and the mechanics of patient care documentation. DESIGN:   Qualitative study. SETTING:   Individual telephone interviews with Athletic Training Practice-Based Research Network members...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572989/negative-effects-of-restricted-sleep-on-facial-appearance-and-social-appeal
#17
Tina Sundelin, Mats Lekander, Kimmo Sorjonen, John Axelsson
The importance of assessing evolutionarily relevant social cues suggests that humans should be sensitive to others' sleep history, as this may indicate something about their health as well as their capacity for social interaction. Recent findings show that acute sleep deprivation and looking tired are related to decreased attractiveness and health, as perceived by others. This suggests that one might also avoid contact with sleep-deprived, or sleepy-looking, individuals, as a strategy to reduce health risk and poor interactions...
May 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572868/prostate-cancer-patient-perspectives-on-the-use-of-information-in-treatment-decision-making-a-systematic-review-and-qualitative-meta-synthesis
#18
Sujane Kandasamy, Ahmad Firas Khalid, Umair Majid, Meredith Vanstone
BACKGROUND: Men with low- to intermediate-risk prostate cancer are typically asked to choose from a variety of treatment options, including active surveillance, radical prostatectomy, or brachytherapy. The Prolaris cell cycle progression test is intended to provide additional information on personal risk status to assist men with prostate cancer in their choice of treatment. To assist with assessing that new technology, this report synthesizes qualitative research on how men with prostate cancer use information to make decisions about treatment options...
2017: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570380/rigor-or-reliability-and-validity-in-qualitative-research-perspectives-strategies-reconceptualization-and-recommendations
#19
Brigitte S Cypress
Issues are still raised even now in the 21st century by the persistent concern with achieving rigor in qualitative research. There is also a continuing debate about the analogous terms reliability and validity in naturalistic inquiries as opposed to quantitative investigations. This article presents the concept of rigor in qualitative research using a phenomenological study as an exemplar to further illustrate the process. Elaborating on epistemological and theoretical conceptualizations by Lincoln and Guba, strategies congruent with qualitative perspective for ensuring validity to establish the credibility of the study are described...
July 2017: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570370/immunoassays-for-measuring-serum-concentrations-of-monoclonal-antibodies-and-anti-biopharmaceutical-antibodies-in-patients
#20
François Darrouzain, Sumin Bian, Céline Desvignes, Céline Bris, Hervé Watier, Gilles Paintaud, Annick de Vries
Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) may be used as biopharmaceuticals to treat various diseases, ranging from oncology to inflammatory and cardiovascular affections. Trustworthy analytical methods are necessary to study their pharmacokinetics, both during their development and in post-marketing studies. Because biopharmaceuticals are macromolecules, ligand-binding assays (both immunoassays and bioassays) are methods of choice to measure their concentrations. Immunoassays are based on the capture of biopharmaceuticals by their target, which may be a circulating or membrane antigen or by an antibody recognizing their structure...
May 31, 2017: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
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