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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423457/use-of-online-health-information-by-geriatric-and-adult-ed-patients-access-understanding-and-trust
#1
Grant Scott, Danielle M McCarthy, Amer Z Aldeen, Alyssa Czerniak, D Mark Courtney, Scott M Dresden
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to characterize geriatric patients' use of online health information (OHI) relative to younger adults and assess their comfort with OHI compared to health information (HI) from their physician. METHODS: This was a prospective cross-sectional survey study of adult ED patients. The survey assessed patients' self-reported use of OHI in the past year and immediately prior to ED visit and analyzed differences across 4 age groups: 18-39, 40-64, 65-74, and 75+...
April 19, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422184/sea-level-proxies-in-holocene-raised-beach-ridge-deposits-greenland-revealed-by-ground-penetrating-radar
#2
Lars Nielsen, Mette Bendixen, Aart Kroon, Mikkel Ulfeldt Hede, Lars B Clemmensen, Ronny Weβling, Bo Elberling
Identification of sea-level proxies is important for reconstruction of past sea-level variation. Methods for reconstructing Holocene relative sea-level curves are crucial for quantification of the impact of Greenland ice thickness variation on global sea level and vertical land movement. Arctic beach ridges constitute important potential archives of sea-level variation. However, their surface morphology may have undergone modification since deposition due to freezing/thawing processes and erosion, and their morphology may therefore not be trustworthy for sea-level reconstruction...
April 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420328/talking-about-intimate-partner-violence-in-multi-cultural-antenatal-care-a-qualitative-study-of-pregnant-women-s-advice-for-better-communication-in-south-east-norway
#3
Lisa Maria Garnweidner-Holme, Mirjam Lukasse, Miriam Solheim, Lena Henriksen
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women constitutes a major public health problem. Antenatal care is considered a window of opportunity to disclose and to communicate about IPV. However, little is known about how women from different ethnic backgrounds wish to communicate about their experiences with IPV during pregnancy in antenatal care. The aim of the present study was to explore how women from different ethnic backgrounds experienced IPV and what their recommendations were about how midwives should communicate about IPV in antenatal care...
April 19, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419891/i-care-even-after-the-first-impression-facial-appearance-based-evaluations-in-healthcare-context
#4
Katia Mattarozzi, Valentina Colonnello, Francesco De Gioia, Alexander Todorov
PURPOSE: Prior research has demonstrated that healthcare providers' implicit biases may contribute to healthcare disparities. Independent research in social psychology indicates that facial appearance-based evaluations affect social behavior in a variety of domains, influencing political, legal, and economic decisions. Whether and to what extent these evaluations influence approach behavior in healthcare contexts warrants research attention. Here we investigate the impact of facial appearance-based evaluations of trustworthiness on healthcare providers' caring inclination, and the moderating role of experience and information about the social identity of the faces...
April 12, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415959/the-practices-and-meanings-of-care-for-nurses-working-on-a-pediatric-bone-marrow-transplant-unit
#5
Caroline F Morrison, Edith J Morris
Bone marrow transplant (BMT) units are stressful work environments with high staff burnout, anxiety, and turnover. A qualitative study was undertaken to better understand care for nurses within the context of their clinical practice on a pediatric BMT unit. Understanding care practices for BMT nurses will allow us to design interventions and provide appropriate support for this subspecialty of nurses. Focus groups were held with 24 nurses as key participants, and 2 focus groups with general participants: unit management (N = 2) and caregivers of inpatients (N = 7)...
May 2017: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414808/a-longitudinal-and-experimental-study-of-the-impact-of-knowledge-on-the-bases-of-institutional-trust
#6
Lisa M PytlikZillig, Christopher D Kimbrough, Ellie Shockley, Tess M S Neal, Mitchel N Herian, Joseph A Hamm, Brian H Bornstein, Alan J Tomkins
This study examined a knowledge-centered theory of institutional trust development. In the context of trust in water regulatory institutions, the moderating impact of knowledge was tested to determine if there were longitudinal changes in the bases of institutional trust as a function of increases in knowledge about a target institution. We hypothesized that as people learn about an institution with which they were previously unfamiliar, they begin to form more nuanced perceptions, distinguishing the new institution from other institutions and relying less upon their generalized trust to estimate their trust in that institution...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407568/the-relation-between-anorexic-symptoms-in-women-and-their-reports-of-trustworthiness-in-interactions-with-close-persons
#7
Ken J Rotenberg, Kelley Edwards
The study examined the relation between women's anorexic symptoms and their reports of trustworthiness in interactions with close persons. Ninety-eight females (mean age=24years-10months) completed the anorexic symptom subscale of the SEDS and reported (ascribed) the extent to which they showed reliability, emotional, and honesty trustworthiness behaviors in interactions with their mother, father, and close friend. Negative linear relations were found between anorexic symptoms and ascribed: (a) trustworthiness with close friends; (b) reliability trustworthiness; and (c) at a trend level, honesty trustworthiness...
March 31, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394963/-informed-consent-in-clinical-practice-persistent-doubts
#8
Miguel Kottow
Informed consent is the core aspect of the patient-physician relationship. Since its beginnings, clinical bioethics was opposed to the authoritarian paternalism characteristic of medicine since the 19th century. The informed consent was developed to provide patients with sufficient information to allow autonomous decisions when faced with medical diagnostic and therapeutic alternatives. In spite of bioethics’ effort to perfect informed consent, the discipline has been unable to avoid informed consent from becoming an impersonal and administrative procedure...
November 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390842/third-party-punishment-as-a-costly-signal-of-high-continuation-probabilities-in-repeated-games
#9
Jillian J Jordan, David G Rand
Why do individuals pay costs to punish selfish behavior, even as third-party observers? A large body of research suggests that reputation plays an important role in motivating such third-party punishment (TPP). Here we focus on a recently proposed reputation-based account (Jordan et al., 2016) that invokes costly signaling. This account proposed that "trustworthy type" individuals (who are incentivized to cooperate with others) typically experience lower costs of TPP, and thus that TPP can function as a costly signal of trustworthiness...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388286/understanding-the-drivers-of-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-among-hiv-primary-care-providers-and-case-managers-in-hiv-care-programmes
#10
Heather A Mavronicolas, Fabienne Laraque, Arti Shankar, Claudia Campbell
Care coordination programmes are an important aspect of HIV management whose success depends largely on HIV primary care provider (PCP) and case manager collaboration. Factors influencing collaboration among HIV PCPs and case managers remain to be studied. The study objective was to test an existing theoretical model of interprofessional collaborative practice and determine which factors play the most important role in facilitating collaboration. A self-administered, anonymous mail survey was sent to HIV PCPs and case managers in New York City...
May 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387825/misplaced-trust-racial-differences-in-use-of-tobacco-products-and-trust-in-sources-of-tobacco-health-information
#11
Héctor E Alcalá, Mienah Z Sharif, Brittany N Morey
Introduction: Recently, the rates of utilization of alternative tobacco products have increased. Providing health information about tobacco products from trustworthy sources may help decrease the popularity of these products. Using a nationally representative study of adults, we fill the current gap in research on racial and ethnic disparities in utilization of alternative tobacco products as well as in trust of sources of health information about tobacco products. Methods: Data came from the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) (N=3,738), which was collected in 2015...
April 6, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384381/nurses-experiences-with-patients-who-die-from-failure-to-rescue-after-surgery
#12
Cynthia Thornton Bacon
PURPOSE: To describe the lived experiences of hospital nurses caring for surgical patients who died from failure to rescue (FTR). DESIGN: A qualitative phenomenologic approach was used. Methods to ensure rigor and trustworthiness were incorporated into the design. METHODS: The investigator conducted one-on-one semistructured interviews with 14 nurses, and data were analyzed using Colaizzi's methods. FINDINGS: Six themes were identified: (a) the environment surrounding the FTR was unexpected; (b) FTR was unexpected but not preventable; (c) nurses were emotionally ill-prepared for the FTR; (d) nurse outcomes are different in unexpected versus expected death; (e) nurses' roles as protectors are important; and (f) FTR effects future nursing practice...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382971/recognizing-ancient-papyri-by-a-combination-of-spectroscopic-diffractional-and-chromatographic-analytical-tools
#13
J Łojewska, I Rabin, D Pawcenis, J Bagniuk, M A Aksamit-Koperska, M Sitarz, M Missori, M Krutzsch
Ancient papyri are a written heritage of culture that flourished more than 3000 years ago in Egypt. One of the most significant collections in the world is housed in the Egyptian Museum and Papyrus Collection in Berlin, from where the samples for our investigation come. The papyrologists, curators and conservators of such collections search intensely for the analytical detail that would allow ancient papyri to be distinguished from modern fabrications, in order to detect possible forgeries, assess papyrus deterioration state, and improve the design of storage conditions and conservation methods...
April 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381330/perceived-organizational-affiliation-and-its-effects-on-patient-trust-role-modeling-with-embodied-conversational-agents
#14
Zhe Zhang, Timothy W Bickmore, Michael K Paasche-Orlow
OBJECTIVE: Verbal and non-verbal behaviors, which are known as "relational contextualization cues", relay information about relationships and how they are structured. We developed a computer-simulated provider conducting an informed consent process for clinical research to investigate the effects of a provider's alignment of interests with a patient, the research team, or a neutral party on patient trust in the provider. METHODS: Participants (N=43) interacted with a simulated provider for a research informed consent process in a three-arm, counterbalanced, within-subjects experiment...
March 11, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374212/bridging-the-divide-building-infrastructure-to-support-community-academic-partnerships-and-improve-capacity-to-conduct-patient-centered-outcomes-research
#15
Jennifer Huang, Paula Darby Lipman, C Daniel Mullins
For research to be useful, trustworthy, and ultimately lead to greater dissemination of findings to patients and communities, it is important to train and mentor academic researchers to meaningfully engage community members in patient-centered outcomes research (PCOR). Thus, it is necessary for research institutions to strengthen their underlying infrastructure to support PCOR. PATIENTS-PATient-centered Involvement in Evaluating effectiveNess of TreatmentS-at the University of Maryland, Baltimore, focuses on improving PCOR methods and addressing health disparities...
April 3, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367582/the-auxiliary-white-coat-effect-in-hospitals-perceptions-of-patients-and-doctors
#16
Kor Woi Tiang, Azad Hassan Abdul Razack, Keng Lim Ng
A doctor's attire is vital for both a positive first impression and the overall healthcare experience of patients. We attempted to understand patients' and doctors' perceptions and preferences regarding six types of dress codes used by doctors in different situations and locations. A total of 87 patients and 46 doctors participated in the study. Separate sets of questionnaires, that included four demographic questions and 14 survey questions, were given to the patient and doctor groups. Most patients preferred doctors dressed formally in white coats irrespective of scenarios or locations whereas majority of doctors preferred formal attire without white coats...
April 3, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363455/the-evaluation-of-trustworthiness-to-identify-health-insurance-fraud-in-dentistry
#17
Shu-Li Wang, Hao-Ting Pai, Mei-Fang Wu, Fan Wu, Chen-Lin Li
OBJECTIVE: According to the investigations of the U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO), health insurance fraud has caused an enormous pecuniary loss in the U.S. In Taiwan, in dentistry the problem is getting worse if dentists (authorized entities) file fraudulent claims. Several methods have been developed to solve health insurance fraud; however, these methods are like a rule-based mechanism. Without exploring the behavior patterns, these methods are time-consuming and ineffective; in addition, they are inadequate for managing the fraudulent dentists...
January 2017: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360378/a-systematic-review-and-appraisal-of-the-quality-of-practice-guidelines-for-the-management-of-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-infections
#18
Catherine Dickson, Trevor Arnason, Dara Spatz Friedman, Gila Metz, Jeremy M Grimshaw
BACKGROUND: Clinical guidelines help ensure consistent care informed by current evidence. As shifts in antimicrobial resistance continue to influence first-line treatment, up-to-date guidelines are important for preventing treatment failure. A guideline's development process will influence its recommendations and users' trust. OBJECTIVE: To assess the quality of current gonorrhoea guidelines' development processes. DATA SOURCES: Multiple databases...
March 30, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350313/improving-the-reach-of-the-national-diabetes-prevention-program-within-a-health-disparities-population-a-bronx-new-york-pilot-project-crossing-health-and-community-based-sectors
#19
Robert Morrow, Lisa Ferretti, Chris Norwood, Douglas Reich, Erica Chito-Childs, Phillip McCallion, Jose Tiburcio, Eleanor McGee, Jose A Lopez
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes affects upward of 30% of South Bronx residents. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Diabetes Prevention Program (NDPP) reduces risk of progression to diabetes, yet implementation has been elusive within health disparities populations. METHODS: This community-based, collaborative project piloted the NDPP in the South Bronx and evaluated implementation challenges and enablers. The New York State training group prepared community peer lifestyle coaches recruited by a community organization...
October 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348110/low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-for-bone-healing-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
REVIEW
Stefan Schandelmaier, Alka Kaushal, Lyubov Lytvyn, Diane Heels-Ansdell, Reed A C Siemieniuk, Thomas Agoritsas, Gordon H Guyatt, Per O Vandvik, Rachel Couban, Brent Mollon, Jason W Busse
Objective To determine the efficacy of low intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) for healing of fracture or osteotomy.Design Systematic review and meta-analysis.Data sources Medline, Embase, CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and trial registries up to November 2016.Study selection Randomized controlled trials of LIPUS compared with sham device or no device in patients with any kind of fracture or osteotomy.Review methods Two independent reviewers identified studies, extracted data, and assessed risk of bias...
February 22, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
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