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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526822/shortest-paths-in-multiplex-networks
#1
Saeed Ghariblou, Mostafa Salehi, Matteo Magnani, Mahdi Jalili
The shortest path problem is one of the most fundamental networks optimization problems. Nowadays, individuals interact in extraordinarily numerous ways through their offline and online life (e.g., co-authorship, co-workership, or retweet relation in Twitter). These interactions have two key features. First, they have a heterogeneous nature, and second, they have different strengths that are weighted based on their degree of intimacy, trustworthiness, service exchange or influence among individuals. These networks are known as multiplex networks...
May 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521849/a-writer-s-guide-to-education-scholarship-qualitative-education-scholarship-part-2
#2
Teresa M Chan, Daniel K Ting, Andrew Koch Hall, Aleisha Murnaghan, Brent Thoma, Jill McEwen, Lalena M Yarris
OBJECTIVE: Education scholarship can be conducted using a variety of methods, from quantitative experiments to qualitative studies. Qualitative methods are less commonly used in emergency medicine (EM) education research but are well-suited to explore complex educational problems and generate hypotheses. We aimed to review the literature to provide resources to guide educators who wish to conduct qualitative research in EM education. METHODS: We conducted a scoping review to outline: 1) a list of journals that regularly publish qualitative educational papers; 2) an aggregate set of quality markers for qualitative educational research and scholarship; and 3) a list of quality checklists for qualitative educational research and scholarship...
May 19, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521838/does-the-use-of-the-informed-healthcare-choices-ihc-primary-school-resources-improve-the-ability-of-grade-5-children-in-uganda-to-assess-the-trustworthiness-of-claims-about-the-effects-of-treatments-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#3
Allen Nsangi, Daniel Semakula, Andrew D Oxman, Matthew Oxman, Sarah Rosenbaum, Astrid Austvoll-Dahlgren, Laetitia Nyirazinyoye, Margaret Kaseje, Iain Chalmers, Atle Fretheim, Nelson K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: The ability to appraise claims about the benefits and harms of treatments is crucial for informed health care decision-making. This research aims to enable children in East African primary schools (the clusters) to acquire and retain skills that can help them make informed health care choices by improving their ability to obtain, process and understand health information. The trial will evaluate (at the individual participant level) whether specially designed learning resources can teach children some of the key concepts relevant to appraising claims about the benefits and harms of health care interventions (treatments)...
May 18, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521761/a-multimedia-campaign-to-improve-back-beliefs-in-patients-with-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-process-evaluation
#4
Arnela Suman, Frederieke G Schaafsma, Jiman Bamarni, Maurits W van Tulder, Johannes R Anema
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most prevalent and costly disorders worldwide. To reduce its burden in the Netherlands, implementation of a multidisciplinary guideline for LBP was supported by a multifaceted eHealth campaign for patients with LBP. The current study aims 1) to evaluate whether the implementation strategy was performed as planned; 2) to assess the feasibility, barriers and facilitators of the patient based eHealth campaign; 3) to gain insight into the satisfaction and experiences of patients with various ethnic backgrounds with the implementation strategy and to make a comparison between them; and 4) to explore the association between exposure to and satisfaction with the implementation strategy...
May 18, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521760/avian-influenza-a-h7n9-risk-perception-information-trust-and-adoption-of-protective-behaviours-among-poultry-farmers-in-jiangsu-province-china
#5
Bin Cui, Qiuyan Liao, Wendy Wing Tak Lam, Zong Ping Liu, Richard Fielding
BACKGROUND: Poultry farmers are at high-risk from avian influenza A/H7N9 infection due to sustained occupational exposures to live poultry. This study examined factors associated with poultry farmers' adoption of personal protective behaviours (PPBs) based on Protection Motivation Theory (PMT). METHODS: Totally, 297 poultry farmers in three cities of Jiangsu Province, China were interviewed during November 2013-January 2014. Data on PMT constructs, perceived trustworthiness of A/H7N9 information from mass media (formal sources), friends and family (informal sources), intention to adopt and actual adoption of PPBs and respondents' demographics were collected...
May 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512080/using-text-messaging-in-long-term-arthroplasty-follow-up-a-pilot-study
#6
Oliver Blocker, Alison Bullock, Rhidian Morgan-Jones, Adel Ghandour, James Richardson
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) and mobile technology have the potential to change the way patients are monitored following joint replacement surgery. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of text messaging to record PROMs in long-term follow-up of hip and knee arthroplasty. Our participants were 17 patients 2-years-plus post hip or knee arthroplasty attending clinic with a mobile telephone number on record. METHODS: A simple PROM (Oswestry Very Short Form) was texted to the patient...
May 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506183/strategies-and-challenges-for-communicating-the-diagnosis-of-cancer-in-cross-cultural-clinical-settings-perspectives-from-south-african-healthcare-professionals
#7
Ottilia Brown, Veonna Goliath, Dalena R M van Rooyen, Colleen Aldous, Leonard Charles Marais
Communicating the diagnosis of cancer in cross-cultural clinical settings is a complex task. This qualitative research article describes the content and process of informing Zulu patients in South Africa of the diagnosis of cancer, using osteosarcoma as the index diagnosis. We used a descriptive research design with census sampling and focus group interviews. We used an iterative thematic data analysis process and Guba's model of trustworthiness to ensure scientific rigour. Our results reinforced the use of well-accepted strategies for communicating the diagnosis of cancer...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503216/public-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-antibiotic-use-in-kosovo
#8
Drita Zajmi, Merita Berisha, Ilir Begolli, Rina Hoxha, Rukije Mehmeti, Gjyle Mulliqi-Osmani, Arsim Kurti, Afrim Loku, Lul Raka
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance is becoming a major public health challenge worldwide, caused primarily by the misuse of antibiotics. Antibiotic use is closely related to the knowledge, attitudes and behaviour of a population. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the level of knowledge, attitudes and practices about antibiotic use among the general public in Kosovo. METHODS: A cross-sectional face-to-face survey was carried out with a sample of 811 randomly selected Kosovo residents...
January 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501049/distrusting-doctors
#9
Ashley McAllister, Stephen R Leeder
Objective The aim of the present study was to describe how policy makers (bureaucrats and politicians) in Australia and Ontario (Canada) perceive evidence provided by doctors to substantiate applications for disability income support (DIS) by their patients with mental illnesses. Because many mental illnesses (e.g. depression) lack diagnostic tests, their existence and effects are more difficult to demonstrate than most somatic illnesses.Methods Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 45 informants, all influential in the design of the assessment of DIS programs...
May 15, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500432/quality-and-readability-of-online-information-resources-on-insomnia
#10
Yan Ma, Albert C Yang, Ying Duan, Ming Dong, Albert S Yeung
The internet is a major source for health information. An increasing number of people, including patients with insomnia, search for remedies online; however, little is known about the quality of such information. This study aimed to evaluate the quality and readability of insomnia-related online information. Google was used as the search engine, and the top websites on insomnia that met the inclusion criteria were evaluated for quality and readability. The analyzed websites belonged to nonprofit, commercial, or academic organizations and institutions such as hospitals and universities...
May 13, 2017: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497425/the-next-frontier-in-critical-care-guidelines-rapid-and-trustworthy-recommendations
#11
EDITORIAL
Reed A C Siemieniuk, Gordon H Guyatt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492110/characteristics-of-influential-peers-in-the-eyes-of-secondary-school-students-a-mixed-method-study
#12
Alice Y Loke, Yim-Wah Mak, Cynthia S T Wu
Aim It is the aim of this study to explore the characteristics of influential peers identified by schoolmates, and the mechanism by which they exert their influence on their peers. BACKGROUND: Adolescent crowds are a salient influence on the health-risk behaviors of peers, contributing to adolescent substance use such as drinking alcohol, smoking cigarettes, and taking drugs. METHODS: A mixed method study. Three schools granted us access to students and those who had been nominated as influential by their peers...
May 11, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481565/audiovisual-integration-in-social-evaluation
#13
Mila Mileva, James Tompkinson, Dominic Watt, A Mike Burton
Our social evaluation of other people is influenced by their faces and their voices. However, rather little is known about how these channels combine in forming "first impressions." Over 5 experiments, we investigate the relative contributions of facial and vocal information for social judgments: dominance and trustworthiness. The experiments manipulate each of these sources of information within-person, combining faces and voices giving rise to different social attributions. We report that vocal pitch is a reliable source of information for judgments of dominance (Study 1), but not trustworthiness (Study 4)...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476130/-waiting-for-and-waiting-in-public-and-private-hospitals-a-qualitative-study-of-patient-trust-in-south-australia
#14
Paul R Ward, Philippa Rokkas, Clinton Cenko, Mariastella Pulvirenti, Nicola Dean, A Simon Carney, Samantha Meyer
BACKGROUND: Waiting times for hospital appointments, treatment and/or surgery have become a major political and health service problem, leading to national maximum waiting times and policies to reduce waiting times. Quantitative studies have documented waiting times for various types of surgery and longer waiting times in public vs private hospitals. However, very little qualitative research has explored patient experiences of waiting, how this compares between public and private hospitals, and the implications for trust in hospitals and healthcare professionals...
May 5, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475266/a-qualitative-study-exploring-high-school-students-understanding-of-and-attitudes-towards-health-information-and-claims
#15
Leila Cusack, Laura N Desha, Chris B Del Mar, Tammy C Hoffmann
BACKGROUND: Exposure to health claims, particularly in the media and social media, is pervasive, and the information conveyed is often inaccurate, incomplete or misleading. Some young people of high school ages are already making decisions about using readily available health interventions (such as sports drinks and beauty products).Although previous research has assessed adults' understanding of health claims, no research has examined this issue in young adults who are attending high school...
May 5, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469985/are-these-results-trustworthy-a-guide-for-reading-the-medical-literature
#16
REVIEW
Fares Alahdab, Allison Morrow, Mouaz Alsawas, M Hassan Murad
Physicians practicing evidence-based medicine need to be able to appraise a new study and determine whether the results warrant sufficient certainty to the level that they can be applied to patient care. Without such appraisal, misleading results can be incorporated into patient care, which can lead to inefficient, costly, and possibly harmful care. The Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach offers a modern framework that can be applied to evaluate the trustworthiness of evidence...
April 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467163/perspectives-on-hiv-pre-and-post-exposure-prophylaxes-prep-and-pep-among-female-and-male-sex-workers-in-mombasa-kenya-implications-for-integrating-biomedical-prevention-into-sexual-health-services
#17
Arjee J Restar, Jack Ume Tocco, Joanne E Mantell, Yves Lafort, Peter Gichangi, Tsitsi B Masvawure, Sophie Vusha Chabeda, Theo G M Sandfort
Pre- and post-exposure prophylaxes (PrEP and PEP) can reduce the risk of HIV acquisition, yet often are inaccessible to and underutilized by most-vulnerable populations, including sex workers in sub-Saharan Africa. Based on in-depth interviews with 21 female and 23 male HIV-negative sex workers in Mombasa, Kenya, we found that awareness and knowledge of PrEP and PEP were low, although willingness to use both was high. Participants felt PrEP would be empowering and give added protection against infection, although some expressed concerns about side effects...
April 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463042/defining-components-of-team-leadership-and-membership-in-prehospital-emergency-medical-services
#18
Remle P Crowe, Robert L Wagoner, Severo A Rodriguez, Melissa A Bentley, David Page
BACKGROUND: Teamwork is critical for patient and provider safety in high-stakes environments, including the setting of prehospital emergency medical services (EMS). OBJECTIVE: We sought to describe the components of team leadership and team membership on a single patient call where multiple EMS providers are present. METHODS: We conducted a two-day focus group with nine subject matter experts in crew resource management (CRM) and EMS using a structured nominal group technique (NGT)...
May 2, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462754/methodological-quality-of-systematic-reviews-on-treatments-for-depression-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
V C H Chung, X Y Wu, Y Feng, R S T Ho, S Y S Wong, D Threapleton
AIMS: Depression is one of the most common mental disorders and identifying effective treatment strategies is crucial for the control of depression. Well-conducted systematic reviews (SRs) and meta-analyses can provide the best evidence for supporting treatment decision-making. Nevertheless, the trustworthiness of conclusions can be limited by lack of methodological rigour. This study aims to assess the methodological quality of a representative sample of SRs on depression treatments...
May 2, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455327/novel-method-for-the-reliable-identification-of-siccibacter-and-franconibacter-strains-from-pseudo-cronobacter-to-new-enterobacteriaceae-genera
#20
Barbora Svobodová, Jiří Vlach, Petra Junková, Ludmila Karamonová, Martina Blažková, Ladislav Fukal
In the last decade, strains of the genera Franconibacter and Siccibacter have been misclassified as first Enterobacter and later Cronobacter Because Cronobacter is a serious food-borne pathogen that affects premature neonates and elderly individuals, such misidentification may not only falsify epidemiological statistics, but also lead to tests of powdered infant formula or other foods giving false results. Currently, the main ways of identifying Franconibacter and Siccibacter strains are by biochemical testing or by sequencing of the fusA gene as part of Cronobacter MLST, but in relation to these strains the former is generally highly difficult and unreliable while the latter remains expensive...
April 28, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
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