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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782568/true-technology-enabled-mental-health-care-when-will-we-trust-the-computers-and-robots
#1
EDITORIAL
Alishia Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782508/parent-and-caregiver-perceptions-about-the-safety-and-effectiveness-of-foreign-and-domestic-vaccines-in-shanghai-china
#2
Zhuoying Huang, Xiaodong Sun, Abram L Wagner, Jia Ren, Matthew L Boulton, Lisa A Prosser, Brian J Zikmund-Fisher
BACKGROUND: Chinese parents have access to domestic and foreign vaccines for their children. Their vaccine preferences are unclear, especially given recent pharmaceutical quality scandals and widely held beliefs deriving from Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). This study characterized parental beliefs about the safety and effectiveness of Chinese and foreign vaccines. METHODS: In May 2014, caregivers of young children at public immunization clinics in Shanghai, China, responded to a survey on vaccine perceptions...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782368/tiny-moments-matter-promoting-professionalism-in-everyday-practice
#3
Elizabeth C Bernabeo, Benjamin Chesluk, Lorna Lynn
INTRODUCTION: Professionalism rests upon a number of individual, environmental, and societal level factors, leading to specific professional behavior in specific situations. Focusing on professional lapses to identify and remediate unprofessional physicians is incomplete. We explored professionalism in practicing internal medicine physicians in the context of everyday practice, to highlight how typical experiences contribute to positive, yet often unnoticed, professional behavior. METHODS: In-depth interviews were used to uncover 13 physicians' most meaningful experiences of professionalism...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782302/reasons-for-not-using-condoms-among-heterosexual-men-in-belgrade-serbia
#4
Milan Bjekić, Sandra Sipetić-Grujičić, Hristina Vlajinac, Aleksandra Nikolić
Dear Editor, Proper and consistent use of male condoms can be a highly effective method of preventing the transmission of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV (1), but this method relies on men's willingness and ability to use condoms. In the United States of America, about 20% overall and less than 50% of adults with multiple partners used a condom at last intercourse (2). In Serbia in 2013 (3), 50.0% of women and 62.5% of men aged 15-49 who had more than one partner in the past year used a condom during their last intercourse...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782231/choice-and-control-within-family-relationships-the-lived-experience-of-adults-with-intellectual-disability
#5
Bernadette Curryer, Roger J Stancliffe, Angela Dew, Michele Y Wiese
Increased choice and control is a driving force of current disability policy in Australia for people with disability and their families. Yet little is known of how adults with intellectual disability (ID) actually experience choice and control within their family relationships. We used interpretative phenomenological analysis of individual, semistructured interviews conducted with 8 Australian adults with ID to understand the meaning given to their experience of family support received around choice and decision making...
June 2018: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781980/disclosure-coaching-an-ask-tell-ask-model-to-support-clinicians-in-disclosure-conversations
#6
Jo Shapiro, Lynne Robins, Pamela Galowitz, Thomas H Gallagher, Sigall Bell
Error disclosure is a high-stakes, emotionally charged interaction for patients and families as well as clinicians. A failed disclosure can result in emotional distress, reduced patient and family trust, litigation, and lost opportunities to learn from and prevent subsequent errors. However, many clinicians have little expertise in handling these challenging interactions and can inadvertently make a bad situation worse. Even those clinicians who have had formal disclosure training may have trouble remembering what they were taught when faced with the need to actually discuss an error with patients...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781979/tackling-ambulatory-safety-risks-through-patient-engagement-what-10-000-patients-and-families-say-about-safety-related-knowledge-behaviors-and-attitudes-after-reading-visit-notes
#7
Sigall K Bell, Patricia Folcarelli, Alan Fossa, Macda Gerard, Marvin Harper, Suzanne Leveille, Caroline Moore, Kenneth E Sands, Barbara Sarnoff Lee, Jan Walker, Fabienne Bourgeois
BACKGROUND: Ambulatory safety risks including delayed diagnoses or missed abnormal test results are difficult for clinicians to see, because they often occur in the space between visits. Experts advocate greater patient engagement to improve safety, but strategies are limited. Patient access to clinical notes ("OpenNotes") may help close the safety gap between visits. METHODS: We surveyed patients and families who logged on to the patient portal and had at least one ambulatory note available in the past 12 months at two academic hospitals during June to September 2016, focusing on patient-reported effects of OpenNotes on safety knowledge, behaviors, and attitudes...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781881/individual-and-network-factors-associated-with-hiv-care-continuum-outcomes-among-nigerian-msm-accessing-healthcare-services
#8
Habib O Ramadhani, Nicaise Ndembi, Rebecca G Nowak, Uchenna Ononaku, Jerry Gwamna, Ifeanyi Orazulike, Sylvia Adebajo, Trevor A Crowell, Hongjie Liu, Stefan D Baral, Julie Ake, Man E Charurat
BACKGROUND: and setting: As data on the determinants of the HIV care continuum from key populations such as men who have sex with men (MSM) in resource-limited, settings (RLS) are limited, the study aimed to characterize HIV care continuum outcomes and assess individual and network barriers to progression through the HIV care continuum among MSM in Abuja and Lagos, Nigeria. METHODS: TRUST/RV368 study used respondent-driven-sampling to accrue MSM into community-based clinics in Nigeria...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781880/willingness-to-donate-organs-among-people-living-with-hiv
#9
Anh Q Nguyen, Saad K Anjum, Samantha E Halpern, Komal Kumar, Sarah E Van Pilsum Rasmussen, Brianna Doby, Ashton A Shaffer, Allan B Massie, Aaron A R Tobian, Dorry L Segev, Jeremy Sugarman, Christine M Durand
BACKGROUND: With passage of the HIV Organ Policy Equity (HOPE) Act, people living with HIV (PLWH) can donate organs to PLWH awaiting transplant. Understanding knowledge and attitudes regarding organ donation among PLWH in the US is critical to implementing the HOPE Act. METHODS: PLWH were surveyed regarding their knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about organ donation and transplantation at an urban academic HIV clinic in Baltimore, MD between 08/2016-10/2016. Responses were compared using Fisher's exact and chi-squared tests...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781661/suicide-risk-assessment-trust-an-implicit-probe-or-listen-to-the-patient
#10
Dominique P Harrison, Werner G K Stritzke, Nicolas Fay, Abdul-Rahman Hudaib
Previous research suggests implicit cognition can predict suicidal behavior. This study examined the utility of the death/suicide implicit association test (d/s-IAT) in acute and prospective assessment of suicide risk and protective factors, relative to clinician and patient estimates of future suicide risk. Patients (N = 128; 79 female; 111 Caucasian) presenting to an emergency department were recruited if they reported current suicidal ideation or had been admitted because of an acute suicide attempt. Patients completed the d/s-IAT and self-report measures assessing three death-promoting (e...
May 21, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781469/environmental-stewardship-the-nurse-s-role-in-sustainability
#11
Julie Kleber
With the largest body of employees in U.S. health care, the nursing profession is well positioned to tackle the challenges of waste reduction within hospital systems. The healthcare sector generates a massive amount of waste, contributing to environmental issues, such as air and water pollution. By unifying and engaging staff through shared governance models, nurses can reduce the overhead costs associated with waste management and help maintain fiscal integrity. Nurses have the ability to use their trusted skill sets and lead the way for sustainable, healthy communities and environments in which they serve...
June 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781310/when-the-research-is-not-reproducible-the-importance-of-author-initiated-and-institution-driven-responses-and-investigations
#12
Bor Luen Tang
Important and potentially useful findings in the sciences are under more intense public scrutiny now more than ever. Other researchers in the field dive into replicating and expanding the findings while the media swamps the community and the public with peripheral reporting and analyses. How should authors and the hosting/funding institutions respond when other workers in the field could not reproduce or replicate their published results? To illustrate the importance of author-initiated and institution-driven investigations in response to outcries of research irreproducibility, I draw on comparisons between three recent and well-publicized cases in the life sciences: betatrophin, STAP cells, and NgAgo...
May 20, 2018: Accountability in Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780430/healthcare-professionals-perceptions-on-the-emotional-impact-of-having-an-inadequate-response-to-antidepressant-medications-survey-and-prospective-patient-audit
#13
Rajnish Mago, Andrea Fagiolini, Emmanuelle Weiller, Catherine Weiss
Background: Despite the availability of effective antidepressants, about half of patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) display an inadequate response to their initial treatment. A large patient survey recently reported that 29.8% of MDD patients experiencing an inadequate treatment response felt frustrated about their medication and 19.2% were frustrated with their healthcare provider. This survey and chart audit evaluated healthcare professionals' (HCP) views on the emotional impact of having an inadequate response to antidepressant medication...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780210/a-conjugate-gradient-algorithm-for-large-scale-unconstrained-optimization-problems-and-nonlinear-equations
#14
Gonglin Yuan, Wujie Hu
For large-scale unconstrained optimization problems and nonlinear equations, we propose a new three-term conjugate gradient algorithm under the Yuan-Wei-Lu line search technique. It combines the steepest descent method with the famous conjugate gradient algorithm, which utilizes both the relevant function trait and the current point feature. It possesses the following properties: (i) the search direction has a sufficient descent feature and a trust region trait, and (ii) the proposed algorithm globally converges...
2018: Journal of Inequalities and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780001/automated-typing-of-red-blood-cell-and-platelet-antigens-a-whole-genome-sequencing-study
#15
William J Lane, Connie M Westhoff, Nicholas S Gleadall, Maria Aguad, Robin Smeland-Wagman, Sunitha Vege, Daimon P Simmons, Helen H Mah, Matthew S Lebo, Klaudia Walter, Nicole Soranzo, Emanuele Di Angelantonio, John Danesh, David J Roberts, Nick A Watkins, Willem H Ouwehand, Adam S Butterworth, Richard M Kaufman, Heidi L Rehm, Leslie E Silberstein, Robert C Green
BACKGROUND: There are more than 300 known red blood cell (RBC) antigens and 33 platelet antigens that differ between individuals. Sensitisation to antigens is a serious complication that can occur in prenatal medicine and after blood transfusion, particularly for patients who require multiple transfusions. Although pre-transfusion compatibility testing largely relies on serological methods, reagents are not available for many antigens. Methods based on single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) arrays have been used, but typing for ABO and Rh-the most important blood groups-cannot be done with SNP typing alone...
May 17, 2018: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779961/patient-satisfaction-with-the-consent-discussion-is-not-improved-by-showing-patients-their-computed-tomography-or-angiography-images-before-they-undergo-vascular-surgery
#16
Dominic LeBlanc, Adam H Power, Guy DeRose, Audra Duncan, Luc Dubois
OBJECTIVE: Patient-based decision aids and other multimedia tools have been developed to help enrich the preoperative discussion between surgeon and patient. Use of these tools, however, can be time-consuming and logistically challenging. We investigated whether simply showing patients their images from preoperative computed tomography (CT) or angiography would improve patients' satisfaction with the preoperative discussion. We also examined whether this improved the patient's understanding and trust and whether it contributed to increased preoperative anxiety...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779917/antimicrobial-resistance-among-migrants-in-europe-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Laura B Nellums, Hayley Thompson, Alison Holmes, Enrique Castro-Sánchez, Jonathan A Otter, Marie Norredam, Jon S Friedland, Sally Hargreaves
BACKGROUND: Rates of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) are rising globally and there is concern that increased migration is contributing to the burden of antibiotic resistance in Europe. However, the effect of migration on the burden of AMR in Europe has not yet been comprehensively examined. Therefore, we did a systematic review and meta-analysis to identify and synthesise data for AMR carriage or infection in migrants to Europe to examine differences in patterns of AMR across migrant groups and in different settings...
May 17, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779712/seeking-and-using-intention-of-health-information-from-doctors-in-social-media-the-effect-of-doctor-consumer-interaction
#18
Tailai Wu, Zhaohua Deng, Donglan Zhang, Paula R Buchanan, Dongqing Zha, Ruoxi Wang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate how doctor-consumer interaction in social media influences consumers' health information seeking and usage intention. METHODS: Based on professional-client interaction theory and expectation confirmation theory, we propose that doctor-consumer interaction can be divided into instrumental interaction and affective interaction. These two types of interaction influence consumers' health information seeking and usage intention through consumer satisfaction and trust towards doctors...
July 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779516/high-risk-pregnancy
#19
REVIEW
Nola Holness
Any unexpected or unanticipated medical or obstetric condition associated with a pregnancy with an actual or potential hazard to the health or well-being of the mother or fetus is considered a high-risk pregnancy. There is no exact definition of risk in pregnancy, as risk may be perceived in different ways by the woman and her health care provider. Women with complicated pregnancies may require lifestyle changes, medication regimens, technical support, and even hospitalization. Nurses can foster an environment of security and trust during preconception, antenatal, intrapartal, and postnatal care to enhance the health and well-being of mother and fetus...
June 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779512/intimate-partner-violence-what-health-care-providers-should-know
#20
REVIEW
Anne McKibbin, Kathy Gill-Hopple
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a health epidemic. Health care professionals have a unique and critical role to play. It is expected that health care providers have the ability to engage in an informed response to IPV, which is crucial to the safety of the woman, improving health outcomes, and preventing further violence. Screening procedures for IPV, along with the awareness of abuse indicators, have the potential to significantly identify women who have been exposed to IPV. Identification of IPV will enable the health care provider to offer support, build trust, validate concerns, and offer community resources...
June 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
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