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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161687/obesity-knowledge-among-final-year-medical-students-in-norway
#1
Catia Martins, Anette Norsett-Carr
OBJECTIVES: To assess the level of obesity knowledge in final-year medical students in Norway and to compare it to an expert group and first-year medical students. METHODS: A 20-item questionnaire was specifically designed for this purpose (18 knowledge-based questions and 2 subjective questions looking at attitudes and self-perceived proficiency). All medical schools in Norway were included (n = 226). For comparison purposes, an expert group (n = 13) and first-year medical students (n = 96) were included...
November 22, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161680/prediction-of-violent-crime-on-discharge-from-secure-psychiatric-hospitals-a-clinical-prediction-rule-fovox
#2
A Wolf, T R Fanshawe, A Sariaslan, R Cornish, H Larsson, S Fazel
BACKGROUND: Current approaches to assess violence risk in secure hospitals are resource intensive, limited by accuracy and authorship bias and may have reached a performance ceiling. This study seeks to develop scalable predictive models for violent offending following discharge from secure psychiatric hospitals. METHODS: We identified all patients discharged from secure hospitals in Sweden between January 1, 1992 and December 31, 2013. Using multiple Cox regression, pre-specified criminal, sociodemographic, and clinical risk factors were included in a model that was tested for discrimination and calibration in the prediction of violent crime at 12 and 24 months post-discharge...
August 4, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161536/multiple-health-conditions-and-barriers-to-healthcare-among-older-australians-prevalence-reasons-and-types-of-barriers
#3
Jeromey B Temple, Ruth Williams
Accompanying population ageing is an increase in the number of older Australians living with multiple health conditions and disabilities (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2014). This study sought to examine the barriers to accessing healthcare faced by older Australians. Utilising the 2014 Australian Bureau of Statistics General Social Survey, it was found that 6% of respondents aged 50 years and over reported experiencing a barrier to accessing healthcare within the previous 12 months. Those with multiple health conditions are at a considerably higher risk of experiencing a barrier to healthcare (21% with four or more disabilities) compared with people with no or fewer health conditions, and this risk persists once wide-ranging control variables are included...
November 22, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161455/responding-to-concerning-posts-on-social-media-insights-and-solutions-from-american-indian-and-alaska-native-youth
#4
Jesse Gritton, Stephanie Craig Rushing, David Stephens, Thomas Ghost Dog, Bradley Kerr, Megan A Moreno
PURPOSE: This study aimed to understand American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) adolescents' perspectives on concerning social media posts, including those expressing suicidal intent. METHODS: A purposive sample of AI/AN youth were recruited; trained facilitators conducted focus groups. Participants discussed experiences viewing concerning posts on social media. Qualitative analysis used the constant comparative method. RESULTS: A total of 32 AI/AN youth ages 14-22 participated...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161219/a-case-study-perspective-the-experiences-of-young-persons-testifying-to-child-sexual-exploitation-in-british-criminal-court
#5
Elizabeth Ahern, Marlene Kowalski, Michael E Lamb
Three young persons who gave evidence about child sexual exploitation in criminal court using various testimonial supports were interviewed about their testimony experiences. The witnesses reported that they felt extreme pressure to remember events accurately and cared greatly about being believed. None reported their own coping strategies to alleviate stress and took comfort breaks only after they cried on the stand. Defense attorney questions were reportedly repetitive, rapid, confusing, and focused on secondary content rather than the central criminal acts...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161155/the-use-of-virtual-communities-of-practice-to-improve-interprofessional-collaboration-and-education-findings-from-an-integrated-review
#6
Clodagh McLoughlin, Kunal D Patel, Tom O'Callaghan, Scott Reeves
The recent growth in online technology has led to a rapid increase in the sharing of health related information globally. Health and social care professionals are now using a wide range of virtual communities of practice (VCoPs) for learning, support, continuing professional education, knowledge management and information sharing. In this article, we report the findings from a review of the literature that explored the use of VCoPs by health and social care professionals to determine their potential for interprofessional education and collaboration...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159874/meta-synthesis-on-migraine-management
#7
REVIEW
Mia T Minen, Lita Anglin, Alexandra Boubour, Allison Squires, Linda Herrmann
BACKGROUND: Migraine is one of the top 10 most disabling conditions among adults worldwide. Most migraine research is quantitative and indicates concerns about medication adherence, stigma, and more. Qualitative studies might reveal an improved understanding of migraine patients' perspectives regarding migraine treatment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to synthesize the qualitative research on migraine patients' perspectives regarding migraine treatment to (a) identify common patterns across various types of migraine treatment studies and (b) inform future research...
November 21, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158659/the-value-of-social-network-analysis-for-evaluating-academic-community-partnerships-and-collaborations-for-social-determinants-of-health-research
#8
Candace Forbes Bright, Eboni Edmonson Haynes, Danny Patterson, Maria Pisu
Objective: Community-based participatory research processes build healthy communities, as well as promote trust and genuine collaborative partnerships between stakeholders. Fostering relationships is essential to promoting these partnerships, which are necessary for collaborative, coordinated, and integrated efforts toward improving health outcomes in the community. The objective of our research was to demonstrate social network analysis as an evaluative tool to assess movement toward positive health outcomes through promoting relationships...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157242/development-and-validation-of-a-structured-observation-scale-to-measure-responsiveness-of-physicians-in-rural-bangladesh
#9
Taufique Joarder, Ilias Mahmud, Malabika Sarker, Asha George, Krishna Dipankar Rao
BACKGROUND: Responsiveness of physicians is the social actions that physicians do to meet the legitimate expectations of service seekers. Since there is no such scale, this study aimed at developing one for measuring responsiveness of physicians in rural Bangladesh, by structured observation method. METHODS: Data were collected from Khulna division of Bangladesh, through structured observation of 393 patient-consultations with physicians. The structured observation tool consisted of 64 items, with four Likert type response categories, each anchored with a defined scenario...
November 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156486/-update-in-obstetric-anesthesia-tried-and-trusted-methods-controversies-and-new-perspectives
#10
Peter Kranke, Thorsten Annecke, Dorothee H Bremerich, Daniel Chappell, Thierry Girard, Wiebke Gogarten, Robert Hanß, Lutz Kaufner, Sophie Neuhaus, Tobias Ninke, Thomas Standl, Stefan Weber, Yvonne Jelting, Thomas Volk
Since 1975, a plethora of lectures within the context of annual meetings relevant for the clinical care has been summarized in "what's new in obstetric anesthesia" by the society for Obstetric anesthesia and Perinatology which can be recommended to everyone interested in anaesthesiology in the delivery room. After the death of Gerard W. Ostheimer, Professor of Anaesthesiology at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, it became renamed the Gerard W. Ostheimer "what's new in obstetric anesthesia" lecture to honor his contributions to regional anesthesia and obstetric anaesthesia...
November 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155678/joint-external-evaluation-development-and-scale-up-of-global-multisectoral-health-capacity-evaluation-process
#11
Elizabeth Bell, Jordan W Tappero, Kashef Ijaz, Maureen Bartee, Jose Fernandez, Hannah Burris, Karen Sliter, Simo Nikkari, Stella Chungong, Guenael Rodier, Hamid Jafari
The Joint External Evaluation (JEE), a consolidation of the World Health Organization (WHO) International Health Regulations 2005 (IHR 2005) Monitoring and Evaluation Framework and the Global Health Security Agenda country assessment tool, is an objective, voluntary, independent peer-to-peer multisectoral assessment of a country's health security preparedness and response capacity across 19 IHR technical areas. WHO approved the standardized JEE tool in February 2016. The JEE process is wholly transparent; countries request a JEE and are encouraged to make its findings public...
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155172/navigating-motherhood-and-maternal-transitional-infant-feeding-learnings-for-health-professionals
#12
Michelle Harrison, Julie Hepworth, Wendy Brodribb
Given the lifelong associations between infant diet and weight, understanding maternal transitional infant feeding decisions can assist efforts to establish healthy eating habits early in life. Feeding experiences were explored using semi-structured interviews with 15 first-time mothers who were selected based on their concerns about their infants' weight in an infant feeding survey. Thematic synthesis of the interview transcripts identified three main themes: Theme 1. Expectations of a "responsible mother", (2) Trusting oneself and trust in others, and (3) From stress to successful feeding...
November 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154017/patient-attitudes-and-experiences-that-predict-medication-discontinuation-in-the-veterans-health-administration
#13
Amy Linsky, Steven R Simon, Kelly Stolzmann, Mark Meterko
OBJECTIVES: Polypharmacy is associated with adverse medication effects. One potential solution is deprescribing, which is the intentional, proactive, rational discontinuation of a medication that is no longer indicated or for which the potential harms outweigh the potential benefits. We identified patient characteristics, attitudes, and health care experiences associated with medication discontinuation. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted a national mail survey, with the use of the Patient Perceptions of Discontinuation (PPoD) instrument, of 1600 veterans receiving primary care at Veterans Affairs (VA) medical centers and prescribed 5 or more concurrent medications...
November 16, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154007/public-responses-to-water-reuse-understanding-the-evidence
#14
REVIEW
H M Smith, S Brouwer, P Jeffrey, J Frijns
Over the years, much research has attempted to unpack what drives public responses to water reuse, using a variety of approaches. A large amount of this work was captured by an initial review that covered research undertaken up to the early 2000s (Hartley, 2006). This paper showcases post-millennium evidence and thinking around public responses to water reuse, and highlights the novel insights and shifts in emphasis that have occurred in the field. Our analysis is structured around four broad, and highly interrelated, strands of thinking: 1) work focused on identifying the range of factors that influence public reactions to the concept of water reuse, and broadly looking for associations between different factors; 2) more specific approaches rooted in the socio-psychological modelling techniques; 3) work with a particular focus on understanding the influences of trust, risk perceptions and affective (emotional) reactions; and 4) work utilising social constructivist perspectives and socio-technical systems theory to frame responses to water reuse...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153938/efficacy-and-safety-of-tribendimidine-versus-praziquantel-against-opisthorchis-viverrini-in-laos-an-open-label-randomised-non-inferiority-phase-2-trial
#15
Somphou Sayasone, Jennifer Keiser, Isabel Meister, Youthanavanh Vonghachack, Syda Xayavong, Kanpaseuth Senggnam, Khampheng Phongluxa, Jan Hattendorf, Peter Odermatt
BACKGROUND: Praziquantel is the only option for treatment of the liver fluke infection Opisthorchis viverrini. Tribendimidine could be an alternative drug. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of a single, oral dose of tribendimidine, compared with praziquantel administered in two doses, in participants with O viverrini infection. METHOD: We did an open-label, randomised, non-inferiority, phase 2 trial in children (8-14 years) and adolescents and adults (≥15 years) in Champasack province, southern Laos...
November 16, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153591/informing-physician-strategies-to-overcome-language-barriers-in-encounters-with-pediatric-patients
#16
Natalie Guerrero, Alissa L Small, Rebecca J Schwei, Elizabeth A Jacobs
OBJECTIVES: To describe physician perceptions of differences in limited English proficient (LEP) pediatric encounters and the behavioral adaptations they make to provide quality care to LEP pediatric patients. METHODS: We conducted 30min, semi-structured interviews with 6 family physicians and 5 pediatricians in one health system. Audiotapes from each interview were transcribed verbatim then coded using content analysis. RESULTS: Multiple aspects of the LEP pediatric encounter were perceived by physicians as different from other encounters: trust and relationship between physician and LEP child/child's family, continuity of care, encounter's structure and flow, patient assessment, and communication barriers...
November 15, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152912/physiological-and-anatomical-dead-space-in-mechanically-ventilated-newborn-infants
#17
Theodore Dassios, Paul Dixon, Ann Hickey, Sotirios Fouzas, Anne Greenough
OBJECTIVES: To compare the anatomical (VD-Ana ) and alveolar dead space (VD-Alv ) in term and prematurely born infants and identify the clinical determinants of those indices. WORKING HYPOTHESIS: VD-Ana and VD-Alv will be higher in prematurely born compared to term born infants. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of data collected at King's College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK. PATIENT SELECTION: Fifty-six infants (11 term, 45 preterm) were studied at a median age of 8 (IQR 2-33) days...
November 20, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152856/treatment-associated-symptoms-and-coping-of-postoperative-patients-with-lung-cancer-in-japan-development-of-a-model-of-factors-influencing-hope
#18
Takae Bando, Chiemi Onishi, Yoshie Imai
AIM: Postoperative patients with lung cancer have a high recurrence rate and poor prognosis; hence, it was aimed to identify the factors affecting hope to develop a care-oriented perspective that focuses on the levels of hope of postoperative patients with lung cancer. METHODS: In the study, postoperative patients with lung cancer were included and data were collected for treatment-related symptoms, coping, and support-related factors as the primary variables. The Herth Hope Index, Quality of Life Questionnaire Lung Cancer Module of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, Japanese version of the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations, and Social Support Scale for Cancer Patients were used...
November 20, 2017: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152036/case-study-quasi-qualitative-analysis-of-peer-group-supervision-of-a-child-trauma-recovery-program-in-occupied-palestine
#19
Ian G Barron, Ghassan Abdallah, Unni Heltne
This case study explores the impact of peer group supervision (PGS) for counselors delivering Teaching Recovery Techniques (TRT), a group psycho-social program for traumatized adolescents. Interviews were conducted with seven school counselors, from villages near East Jerusalem in occupied Palestine; a skilled supervisor; and an international trainer. A quasi-qualitative analysis was conducted to quantify responses and themes along with a measure of inter-rater reliability. Participants reported that even in a context of military violence, PGS provided a reflective process inclusive of formative, normative and restorative functions...
2017: Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152031/examining-the-relationship-between-online-social-capital-and-ehealth-literacy-implications-for-instagram-use-for-chronic-disease-prevention-among-college-students
#20
Samantha R Paige, Michael Stellefson, Beth H Chaney, J Don Chaney, Julia M Alber, Chelsea Chappell, Adam E Barry
Background: College students actively seek online health information and use Instagram, an image- and video-based social networking website, to build social networks grounded in trust and behavioral norms (social capital), which have the potential to prevent chronic disease. Purpose: This study aimed to: (1) examine how intensity of Instagram use moderates the relationship between eHealth Literacy and online social capital in college students, and (2) discuss how Instagram can be used as a social awareness platform for chronic disease prevention among college students...
2017: American Journal of Health Education
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