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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103604/modification-of-first-impression-formation-and-personality-by-manipulating-outer-appearance
#1
Susanne-Marie Hüttner, Michael Linden
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Global impression is the first item in any psychopathological evaluation, as patients often elicit negative responses in other persons by a dysfunctional first impression formation. This can lead to interactional problems and stigmatization. This study tested to what degree the perception of "personality" can be changed by simple manipulations of the outer appearance of a person. METHOD: A total of 92 persons were given two different photos of the same female, one with hair combed back and the other with "open" curly hair...
January 20, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103419/family-presence-during-resuscitation-a-double-edged-sword
#2
Hadi Hassankhani, Vahid Zamanzadeh, Azad Rahmani, Hamidreza Haririan, Joanne E Porter
PURPOSE: To illuminate the meaning of the lived experiences of resuscitation team members with the presence of the patient's family during resuscitation in the cultural context of Iran. DESIGN: An interpretative phenomenology was used to discover the lived experiences of the nurses and physicians of Tabriz hospitals, Iran, with family presence during resuscitation (FPDR). A total of 12 nurses and 9 physicians were interviewed over a 6-month period. METHODS: The interviews were audio recorded and semistructured, and were transcribed verbatim...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103187/convexity-shape-prior-for-binary-segmentation
#3
Lena Gorelick, Olga Veksler, Yuri Boykov, Claudia Nieuwenhuis
Convexity is a known important cue in human vision. We propose shape convexity as a new high-order regularization constraint for binary image segmentation. In the context of discrete optimization, object convexity is represented as a sum of three-clique potentials penalizing any 1- 0- 1 configuration on all straight lines. We show that these non-submodular potentials can be efficiently optimized using an iterative trust region approach. At each iteration the energy is linearly approximated and globally optimized within a small trust region around the current solution...
February 2017: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102278/give-the-public-the-tools-to-trust-scientists
#4
Anita Makri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101781/seeking-medical-information-using-mobile-apps-and-the-internet-are-family-caregivers-different-from-the-general-public
#5
Hyunmin Kim, M Paige Powell, Soumitra S Bhuyan, Soumitra Sudip Bhuyan
Family caregivers play an important role to care cancer patients since they exchange medical information with health care providers. However, relatively little is known about how family caregivers seek medical information using mobile apps and the Internet. We examined factors associated with medical information seeking by using mobile apps and the Internet among family caregivers and the general public using data from the 2014 Health Information National Trends Survey 4 Cycle 1. The study sample consisted of 2425 family caregivers and 1252 non-family caregivers (the general public)...
March 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101668/results-of-a%C3%A2-population-based-assessment-we-need-better-communication-and-more-profound-patient-involvement
#6
Gerald Sendlhofer, Gudrun Pregartner, Karina Leitgeb, Magdalena Hoffmann, Andrea Berghold, Christian Smolle, Gernot Brunner, Lars Peter Kamolz
BACKGROUND: In Austria several regulations were published in order to support initiatives to increase patient safety. Since then, many patient safety projects were implemented in Austrian hospitals; therefore, it was the aim of the current survey to examine the perceptions of Austrian citizens with respect to topics relevant to patient safety. METHODS: Between 8 and 22 October 2015 a qualitative cross-sectional telephone interview study was performed. A sample of citizens above 14 years of age was randomly drawn...
January 18, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101528/discriminating-valid-from-spurious-indices-of-phase-amplitude-coupling
#7
Ole Jensen, Eelke Spaak, Hyojin Park
Recently there has been a strong interest in cross-frequency coupling, the interaction between neuronal oscillations in different frequency bands. In particular, measures quantifying the coupling between the phase of slow oscillations and the amplitude of fast oscillations have been applied to a wide range of data recorded from animals and humans. Some of the measures applied to detect phase-amplitude coupling have been criticized for being sensitive to nonsinusoidal properties of the oscillations and thus spuriously indicate the presence of coupling...
November 2016: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101324/oxytocin-for-frontotemporal-dementia-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Rajesh R Tampi, Michael Maksimowski, Mohsina Ahmed, Deena J Tampi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review is to identify published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that evaluated the use of oxytocin in individuals with frontotemporal dementia (FTD). METHODS: A literature search was conducted of PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO and Cochrane collaboration databases for RCTs in any language that evaluated the use of oxytocin in individuals with FTD. Bibliographic databases of published articles were also searched for additional studies...
January 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101320/variation-in-dose-and-plasma-level-of-lamotrigine-in-patients-discharged-from-a-mental-health-trust
#9
Petrina Douglas-Hall, Olubanke Dzahini, Fiona Gaughran, Ahmed Bile, David Taylor
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to investigate the dose of lamotrigine when prescribed with an enzyme inhibitor or enzyme inducer in patients discharged from a mental health trust and to determine the corresponding lamotrigine plasma concentrations and the factors that may affect these. METHODS: All patients discharged on lamotrigine between October 2007 and September 2012 were identified using the pharmacy dispensing database. We recorded demographic details, lamotrigine dose and plasma levels and coprescribed medication...
January 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100561/investigation-of-the-degree-of-organisational-influence-on-patient-experience-scores-in-acute-medical-admission-units-in-all-acute-hospitals-in-england-using-multilevel-hierarchical-regression-modelling
#10
Paul Sullivan, Derek Bell
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies found that hospital and specialty have limited influence on patient experience scores, and patient level factors are more important. This could be due to heterogeneity of experience delivery across subunits within organisations. We aimed to determine whether organisation level factors have greater impact if scores for the same subspecialty microsystem are analysed in each hospital. SETTING: Acute medical admission units in all NHS Acute Trusts in England...
January 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100215/a-discrete-event-simulation-model-to-evaluate-the-use-of-community-services-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-in-the-united-kingdom
#11
Reda Lebcir, Eren Demir, Raheelah Ahmad, Christos Vasilakis, David Southern
BACKGROUND: The number of people affected by Parkinson's disease (PD) is increasing in the United Kingdom driven by population ageing. The treatment of the disease is complex, resource intensive and currently there is no known cure to PD. The National Health Service (NHS), the public organisation delivering healthcare in the UK, is under financial pressures. There is a need to find innovative ways to improve the operational and financial performance of treating PD patients. The use of community services is a new and promising way of providing treatment and care to PD patients at reduced cost than hospital care...
January 18, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100070/exploring-relationships-among-social-integration-social-isolation-self-rated-health-and-demographics-among-latino-day-laborers
#12
Kenneth C Steel, Maria Eugenia Fernandez-Esquer, John S Atkinson, Wendell C Taylor
OBJECTIVES: Research indicates social integration and social isolation are related to health, and Latino day laborers (LDLs) tend to be socially isolated and, thus, at high risk for adverse health consequences. relationships among social isolation, social integration, self-rated health (SRH), and demographics were examined in a sample of LDLs to contribute to the literature on social networks and health in this and other migrant populations. DESIGN: We analyzed data from 324 LDLs who participated in Proyecto SHILOS (Salud del Hombre Inmigrante Latino), a Houston-based survey of Latino immigrant men's health...
January 19, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099823/transparency-and-trust-online-patient-reviews-of-physicians
#13
Vivian Lee
After years of academic debate over the role and value of patient-satisfaction scores and reviews of health care providers, Yelp, the online powerhouse of documenting customer satisfaction, is forcing the issue. With more than 102 million customer reviews to date, 6% of them in the health care..
January 19, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099047/factors-influencing-the-breastfeeding-practices-of-young-mothers-living-in-a-maternity-shelter
#14
Rosann Edwards, Wendy E Peterson, Joy Noel-Weiss, Cathryn Shearer Fortier
BACKGROUND: Young mothers have the lowest breastfeeding rates in Canada. Young mothers and their infants who access maternity shelters are especially at risk for poor outcomes, some of which breastfeeding may help to mitigate, yet little is known of the breastfeeding practices of this population. Research aim: The purpose of this study was to answer the research question, "What factors influence the breastfeeding practices of young mothers who live or have lived in a maternity shelter?" METHODS: The study was conducted using interpretive description methodology and inductive content analysis...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098921/-does-less-seclusion-create-a-safer-environment-an-attempt-to-map-the-concept-of-feeling-safe
#15
C J Severs, A J K Hondius, A H Schene
The degree of restraint imposed by a psychiatrist seems to be influenced by the safety of the team. So far, there have been few attempts to map the concept of 'feeling safe'.<br/> AIM: To analyse, define and quantify the concept of 'feeling safe'.<br/> METHOD: Concept mapping involves combining, in a structured way, qualitative (item collection) and quantitative methods (multi-dimensional scaling and hierarchical clusteranalysis) with the knowledge of professionals from psychiatric practice (N=24), first on an individual basis and then as a group (N=8)...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098085/experience-of-a-faculty-development-workshop-in-mentoring-at-an-indian-medical-college
#16
Jagdish R Varma, Anusha Prabhakaran, Suman Singh, Praveen Singh, Jaishree Ganjiwale, Himanshu Pandya
BACKGROUND: Our medical college is running a mentoring programme for undergraduate medical students since 2009. The academic leadership of the college identified the need to change the focus of the programme from mere problem- solving to professional and personal development of mentees. METHODS: A core group of faculty designed and implemented a workshop on mentoring for 28 mentors. The workshop included reflections on the participants' previous experiences about mentoring, discussion on perceptions of mentees about the existing mentoring programme, self-analysis of mentoring skills, overview of the Surrendering, Accepting, Gifting and Extending (SAGE) model and demonstration of effective mentoring skills using role plays and a film...
September 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097983/tv-documentary-highlights-the-reality-of-working-in-the-nhs
#17
(no author information available yet)
A new TV documentary shows the reality of working for one of the busiest trusts in the NHS.
January 18, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097977/police-investigate-saline-tampering
#18
(no author information available yet)
A police investigation is under way at North Cumbria University Hospitals NHS Trust after staff noticed a small number of saline bags appeared to have been tampered with in the Cumberland Infirmary.
January 18, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097657/public-trust-in-health-information-sharing-a-measure-of-system-trust
#19
Jodyn E Platt, Peter D Jacobson, Sharon L R Kardia
OBJECTIVE: To measure public trust in a health information sharing in a broadly defined health system (system trust), inclusive of health care, public health, and research; to identify individual characteristics that predict system trust; and to consider these findings in the context of national health initiatives (e.g., learning health systems and precision medicine) that will expand the scope of data sharing. DATA SOURCES: Survey data (n = 1,011) were collected in February 2014...
January 18, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097433/early-integration-of-palliative-supportive-cancer-care-healthcare-professionals-perspectives-on-the-support-needs-of-cancer-patients-and-their-caregivers-across-the-cancer-treatment-trajectory
#20
Amy Rohrmoser, Martina Preisler, Konrad Bär, Anne Letsch, Ute Goerling
PURPOSE: Delivering palliative/supportive cancer care (PSCC) early in the course of cancer care can enhance patients' and caregivers' quality of life, reduce anxiety and depression, and prolong patients' lives. However, their support needs are analyzed insufficiently from viewpoints other than their own. The goal of this study was to explore the perspectives of healthcare professionals on desirable standards of support for tumor patients and caregivers across the cancer treatment trajectory...
January 17, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
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