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Parichart Boueroy, Chariya Hahnvajanawong, Thidarut Boonmars, Sunitta Saensa-Ard, Natthinee Anantachoke, Kulthida Vaeteewoottacharn, Vichai Reutrakul
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a malignancy with no effective therapy and poor prognosis. Forbesione, a caged xanthone isolated from Garcinia hanburyi, has been reported to inhibit proliferation and to induce apoptosis in human CCA cell lines. The present study aimed to further explore the potential anticancer properties of forbesione by testing its effects against the hamster CCA cell line Ham-1 in vitro and in vivo. It was observed that forbesione inhibited the growth of Ham-1 cells in vitro and suppressed Ham-1 growth as allograft in hamsters by inducing cell cycle arrest at the S phase...
December 2016: Oncology Letters
L Scotti, F J B Mendonça Júnior, F F Ribeiro, J F Tavares, M S Da Silva, J M Barbosa Filho, M T Scotti
Since ancient times, natural products have been used in treating various diseases effectively and safely. Nowadays, these natural compounds are submitted to sophisticated methodologies from isolation, computing, analytical, and even serving as pharmacophore suggestions for synthesis. The substances extracted from marine species, plants, and microorganisms present activities beneficial to our health, including protection against malignant tumors. The topoisomerase enzymes play an important role in DNA metabolism, and searching for enzyme inhibitors is an important target in the search for new anticancer drugs...
January 11, 2017: Current Protein & Peptide Science
Qiwen Wang, Chenyao Ma, Yun Ma, Xiang Li, Yong Chen, Jianwei Chen
Thirteen xanthones were isolated naturally from the stem of Securidaca inappendiculata Hassk, and structure-activity relationships (SARs) of these compounds were comparatively predicted for their cytotoxic activity against three human multidrug resistant (MDR) cell lines MCF-7/ADR, SMMC-7721/Taxol, and A549/Taxol cells. The results showed that the selected xanthones exhibited different potent cytotoxic activity against the growth of different human tumor cell lines, and most of the xanthones exhibited selective cytotoxicity against SMMC-7721/Taxol cells...
December 20, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Hai-Yan Wu, Yu Sheng, Xue-Qin Kan, Lin-Yun Mou, Qiu-Feng Hu, Gan-Peng Li
Three new xanthones (1-3), together with five known ones (4-8), were isolated from whole herb of Swertia bimaculata. Their structures were established on the basis of detailed spectroscopic analysis (1D- and 2D-NMR, HRESIMS, UV, and IR) and comparison with data reported in the literature. New isolates were evaluated for their anti-5α-reductase activity. The results revealed that all new compounds showed weak activity with reductase inhibitions of 40.5 ± 2.8, 38.6 ± 2.5, and 48.9 ± 3.0%, respectively...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
Hong Zhang, Dan Zheng, Zhi-Jie Ding, Yuan-Zhi Lao, Hong-Sheng Tan, Hong-Xi Xu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2016: Scientific Reports
Sang Hoon Han, Saegun Kim, Umasankar De, Neeraj Kumar Mishra, Jihye Park, Satyasheel Sharma, Jong Hwan Kwak, Sangil Han, Hyung Sik Kim, In Su Kim
The weakly coordinating ketone group directed C-H functionalizations of chromones, 1,4-naphthoquinones, and xanthones with various maleimides under rhodium(III) catalysis are described. These protocols efficiently provide a range of succinimide-containing chromones, naphthoquinones, and xanthones with excellent site selectivity and functional group compatibility. All synthetic compounds were screened for in vitro anticancer activity against human breast adenocarcinoma cell lines (MCF-7). In particular, compounds 7aa and 7ca with a naphthoquinone scaffold were found to be highly cytotoxic, with an activity competitive with anticancer agent doxorubicin...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Hong-Lei Li, Xiao-Ming Li, Hui Liu, Ling-Hong Meng, Bin-Gui Wang
Two new diphenylketones (1 and 2), a new xanthone (3), and a known xanthone analogue (4) were isolated and identified from Talaromyces islandicus EN-501, an endophytic fungus obtained from the fresh collected marine red alga Laurencia okamurai. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of NMR spectroscopic and X-ray crystallographic analysis. The joint isolation of benzophenones and xanthones from the same fungal strain supports the biogenesis of xanthones via a benzophenone intermediate. It is worth mentioning that xanthones 3 and 4 have a methyl group at C-6 and C-2, respectively, which is uncommon compared with typical xanthones usually having a methyl group at C-8...
December 7, 2016: Marine Drugs
Caroline Rouger, Sylvain Pagie, Séverine Derbré, Anne-Marie Le Ray, Pascal Richomme, Béatrice Charreau
Endothelial cells (ECs) are key players in inflammation and immune responses involved in numerous pathologies. Although attempts were experimentally undertaken to prevent and control EC activation, drug leads and probes still remain necessary. Natural products (NPs) from Clusiaceous and Calophyllaceous plants were previously reported as potential candidates to prevent endothelial dysfunction. The present study aimed to identify more precisely the molecular scaffolds that could limit EC activation. Here, 13 polyphenols belonging to 5 different chemical types of secondary metabolites (i...
2016: PloS One
Yang Hee Jo, Seon Beom Kim, Qing Liu, Bang Yeon Hwang, Mi Kyeong Lee
Investigation of the CH2 Cl2 and EtOAc-soluble fractions of the roots of Cudrania tricuspidata afforded 31 compounds. The structures of the isolated compounds were determined on the basis of spectroscopic data interpretation such as 1D and 2D NMR analysis and elucidated as xanthones with prenyl moieties including four simple xanthones (1-4), five prenylated xanthones with one prenyl moiety (5-7, 20, and 21), and 22 prenylated xanthones with two prenyl moieties (8-19 and 22-31). Among them, three diprenylated xanthones named cudracuspixanthones E-G (16, 29, and 31) were first isolated in nature...
November 30, 2016: Archiv der Pharmazie
Tandeka U Magcwebeba, Pieter Swart, Sonja Swanevelder, Elizabeth Joubert, Wentzel C A Gelderblom
The chemopreventive properties of the herbal teas rooibos (Aspalathus linearis) and honeybush (Cyclopia spp.) have been demonstrated on mouse skin in vivo but the underlying mechanisms are not clear. The aim of the current study was to determine the anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic activity of methanol and aqueous extracts of rooibos and two Cyclopia species in different skin cells, using green tea (Camellia sinensis) as a benchmark. Extracts were also characterised for their major individual polyphenols by high performance liquid chromatography and spectroscopically for the total polyphenol (TP) groups...
November 25, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Hongju Liu, Senhua Chen, Weiyang Liu, Yayue Liu, Xishan Huang, Zhigang She
Nine polyketides, including two new benzophenone derivatives, peniphenone (1) and methyl peniphenone (2), along with seven known xanthones (3-9) were obtained from mangrove endophytic fungus Penicillium sp. ZJ-SY₂ isolated from the leaves of Sonneratia apetala. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of MS, 1D, and 2D NMR data. Compounds 1, 3, 5, and 7 showed potent immunosuppressive activity with IC50 values ranging from 5.9 to 9.3 μg/mL.
November 25, 2016: Marine Drugs
Karin Hientz, André Mohr, Dipita Bhakta-Guha, Thomas Efferth
Cancer has long been a grievous disease complicated by innumerable players aggravating its cure. Many clinical studies demonstrated the prognostic relevance of the tumor suppressor protein p53 for many human tumor types. Overexpression of mutated p53 with reduced or abolished function is often connected to resistance to standard medications, including cisplatin, alkylating agents (temozolomide), anthracyclines, (doxorubicin), antimetabolites (gemcitabine), antiestrogenes (tamoxifen) and EGFR-inhibitors (cetuximab)...
November 19, 2016: Oncotarget
Shinichiro Fuse, Keisuke Matsumura, Kohei Johmoto, Hidehiro Uekusa, Hiroshi Tanaka, Tomoyasu Hirose, Toshiaki Sunazuka, Satoshi Ōmura, Takashi Takahashi
A readily accessible template of 1,5,7-trisubstituted-3-pyridyl-xanthones was designed starting from naturally occurring pyripyropene A for agrichemical development. Our originally developed Ag2 CO3 -mediated oxidative cyclization enabled ready access to the key scaffold, 1,5,7-trihydroxy-3-chloro-xanthone. The chemo- and regioselective sequential introduction of four substituents to the scaffold rapidly afforded the desired, structurally diverse 1,5,7-trisubstituted-3-pyridyl-xanthones. An evaluation of insecticidal activity revealed that one of the synthesized compounds retained insecticidal activity against vetch aphid and green peach aphid...
December 19, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Michal Markiewicz, Tadeusz Librowski, Anna Lipkowska, Pawel Serda, Krzysztof Baczynski, Marta Pasenkiewicz-Gierula
Xanthones are tricyclic compounds of natural or synthetic origin exhibiting a broad spectrum of therapeutic activities. Three synthetic xanthone derivatives (KS1, KS2, and KS3) with properties typical for nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) were objects of the presented model study. NSAIDs are in common use however; several of them exhibit gastric toxicity predominantly resulting from their direct interactions with the outermost lipid layer of the gastric mucosa that impair its hydrophobic barrier property...
January 2017: Biophysical Chemistry
Kuo-Jun Zhang, Qin-Lan Gu, Kan Yang, Xian-Jun Ming, Jin-Xin Wang
Cancer chemoprevention is a promising strategy taken to block, reverse, or retard carcinogenesis. α-Mangostin, a natural xanthone isolated from the pericarps of mangosteen, represents one of the most studied chemopreventive agents. This compound has been reported to interfere with all the major stages of carcinogenesis: initiation, promotion, and progression. A number of mechanisms have been proposed for its anticarcinogenic activities. This review summarizes the current knowledge on the mechanisms that contribute to the observed activity of α-mangostin related to (i) modulation of carcinogenic biotransformation and mitigation of oxidative damage, (ii) induction of growth arrest and apoptosis, (iii) suppression of angiogenesis and metastasis, and (iv) combination with clinical chemotherapy drugs enhancing their efficacy and decreasing the toxic side effects...
November 4, 2016: Planta Medica
Bang Dong, Yun-Feng Zheng, Hong-Mei Wen, Xin-Zhi Wang, Hai-Wei Xiong, Hao Wu, Wei Li
Two new xanthones, gambogollic acid (1), epigambogollic acid (2), together with three rare compounds, gambogellic acid (3), epigambogellic acid (4) and gambogic acid (5), were isolated from the processed gamboge. The new structures were determined by 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic analysis. And the cytotoxicity of these five compounds was evaluated against human hepatoma carcinoma and human lung adenocarcinoma cell. Two new compounds showed excellent antitumor activity. All five compounds exhibited inhibitory effect against SMMC-7221cell and A549 cell...
April 2017: Natural Product Research
Hangjun Ke, Joanne M Morrisey, Shiwei Qu, Oraphin Chantarasriwong, Michael W Mather, Emmanuel A Theodorakis, Akhil B Vaidya
Caged Garcinia xanthones (CGXs) constitute a family of natural products that are produced by tropical/subtropical trees of the genus Garcinia CGXs have a unique chemical architecture, defined by the presence of a caged scaffold at the C ring of a xanthone moiety, and exhibit a broad range of biological activities. Here we show that synthetic CGXs exhibit antimalarial activity against Plasmodium falciparum, the causative parasite of human malaria, at the intraerythrocytic stages. Their activity can be substantially improved by attaching a triphenylphosphonium group at the A ring of the caged xanthone...
January 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Cholpisut Tantapakul, Wisanu Maneerat, Tawanun Sripisut, Thunwadee Ritthiwigrom, Raymond J Andersen, Ping Cheng, Sarot Cheenpracha, Achara Raksat, Surat Laphookhieo
Two new benzophenones (1 and 2) and four new xanthones (4-6 and 17) together with 24 known compounds (3, 7-16, and 18-30) were isolated from the roots and twigs of Cratoxylum sumatranum ssp. neriifolium. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods. Compounds 5 and 26 showed antibacterial activity against Micrococcus luteus, Bacillus cereus, and Staphylococcus epidermis with minimum inhibitory concentrations ranging from 4 to 8 μg/mL, whereas compounds 7, 20, and 26 displayed selective antibacterial activities against Staphylococcus aureus (8 μg/mL), Salmonella typhimurium (4 μg/mL), and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (4 μg/mL), respectively...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Teddy Stephen Ehianeta, Stéphane Laval, Biao Yu
Mangiferin (2C-β-d-glucopyranosyl-1,3,6,7-tetrahydroxyxanthone) is a xanthone C-glycoside occurring in many plant species. Composed of a glucose unit C1→2 linked to a 1,3,6,7-tetrahydroxyxanthone aglycone, mangiferin exhibits a wide range of biological activities, which recently renewed its interest as a potential pharmacophore. Mangiferin is mainly isolated after extraction procedures from natural sources alongside with its isoforms isomangiferin, homomangiferin, and neomangiferin. However, enzymatic and chemical approaches have been developed to access these phytochemicals, which address the challenging construction of the C-glycosidic linkage...
September 10, 2016: BioFactors
Xiaoli Xu, Yue Wu, Mingyang Hu, Xiang Li, Qichao Bao, Jinlei Bian, Qidong You, Xiaojin Zhang
DDO-6101, a simplified structure obtained from the Garcinia natural product (NP) gambogic acid (GA), has been previously shown to possess high cytotoxicity to a variety of human tumour cell lines. To improve its physicochemical properties and in vivo cytotoxic potency, a series of novel carbamate-bearing derivatives based on DDO-6101 was synthesized and characterized. The structural modifications revealed that the presence of a carbamate moiety was useful for obtaining comparable cytotoxicity and improved aqueous solubility and permeability...
October 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
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