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copd and nutrition

Shuang Dou, Chunyan Zheng, Xiuli Ji, Wei Wang, Mengshuang Xie, Liwei Cui, Wei Xiao
Background: Pulmonary vascular disease, especially pulmonary hypertension, is an important complication of COPD. Bronchiectasis is considered not only a comorbidity of COPD, but also a risk factor for vascular diseases. The main pulmonary artery to aorta diameter ratio (PA:A ratio) has been found to be a reliable indicator of pulmonary vascular disease. It is hypothesized that the co-existence of COPD and bronchiectasis may be associated with relative pulmonary artery enlargement (PA:A ratio >1)...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Wei Du, Jun Liu, Jianlong Zhou, Dan Ye, Yan OuYang, Qingnan Deng
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) on all-cause mortality in patients with COPD. Methods: Data for this cross-sectional study were obtained from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data (year 2005-2008). Eligible subjects were ≥20 years who had no COPD or OSA (n=9,237), had only OSA (n=366), had only COPD (n=695), and had OSA/COPD overlap syndrome (n=90). Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to evaluate factors associated with overall mortality...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Arora R Ingadottir, Anne M Beck, Christine Baldwin, C Elizabeth Weekes, Olof G Geirsdottir, Alfons Ramel, Thorarinn Gislason, Ingibjorg Gunnarsdottir
Low energy and protein intakes have been associated with an increased risk of malnutrition in outpatients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We aimed to assess the energy and protein intakes of hospitalised COPD patients according to nutritional risk status and requirements, and the relative contribution from meals, snacks, drinks and oral nutritional supplements (ONS), and to examine whether either energy or protein intake predicts outcomes. Subjects were COPD patients (n 99) admitted to Landspitali University Hospital in 1 year (March 2015-March 2016)...
March 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Ofra Kalter-Leibovici, Michal Benderly, Laurence S Freedman, Galit Kaufman, Tchiya Molcho Falkenberg Luft, Havi Murad, Liraz Olmer, Meri Gluch, David Segev, Avi Gilad, Said Elkrinawi, Tali Cukierman-Yaffe, Baruch Chen, Orit Jacobson, Calanit Key, Mordechai Shani, Gershon Fink
RATIONALE: The efficacy of disease management programs in the treatment of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of disease management (DM) added to recommended care (RC) in ambulatory COPD patients. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: In this trial, 1,202 COPD patients (age >40 years), with moderate to very severe airflow limitation were randomly assigned either to DM plus RC (study intervention) or to RC alone (control intervention)...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Francesca de Blasio, Ada Di Gregorio, Francesco de Blasio, Andrea Bianco, Barbara Bellofiore, Luca Scalfi
BACKGROUND: Various criteria have been used so far for the diagnosis of malnutrition or sarcopenia in patients suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of malnutrition and sarcopenia in COPD, as defined by international diagnostic criteria, and determine their relationships with raw BIA variables. METHODS: Two-hundred and sixty-three COPD patients (185 males and 78 females) underwent both clinical examination and respiratory, anthropometric, bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA raw variables: phase angle and impedance ratio), handgrip strength (HGS), 4 m gait speed and biochemical measurements...
January 2018: Respiratory Medicine
Shengqiang Yang, Jinggang Liu, Wenbao Yang, Jiyin Yuan, Suqiu Meng, Maoling Liang, Qibiao Shi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of early mobilization on diaphragmatic function in patients with mechanical ventilation (MV). METHODS: Sixty chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with acute exacerbation (AECOPD) patients with respiratory failure (RF) and underwent MV admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of Huxi Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical College from January 2016 to January 2017 were enrolled. The patients were divided into treatment group (n = 30) and control group (n = 30) by randomly number table method...
February 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
Chang-Mo Oh, In-Hwan Oh, Bong-Keun Choe, Tai-Young Yoon, Joong-Myung Choi, Jihyen Hwang
Background: The frequent consumption of green tea has been shown to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects and to reduce the risk of lung cancer and type 2 diabetes. However, few studies have investigated the relation between green tea consumption and the risk of chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD). Objective: This study aimed to examine the association between green tea intake and COPD with the use of a nationwide representative database. Methods: This study was designed as a cross-sectional survey with the use of data from the Korean National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey collected between 2008 and 2015...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
Sang Hee Lee, Hye-Young Kwon
Background: In this study, we evaluated the prevalence of osteoporosis, risk factors associated with osteoporosis, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in clinically stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. Methods: A total of 1,081 COPD patients were recruited from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) from July 2008 to May 2011. Bone mineral densities at the lumbar spine, femoral neck, and total proximal femur were measured using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry...
November 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
D-H Jiang, X Wang, L-S Liu, D-D Ji, N Zhang
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effects of ventilator mask atomization inhalation of ipratropium bromide and budesonide suspension liquid in the treatment of acute exacerbation COPD (AECOPD) on circulating levels of inflammatory factors and prognosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 86 cases of patients on ventilator support were randomly divided into control group and observation group with 43 cases each. The control group was administered routine treatment including basic disease treatment, anti-infection, maintenance of a stable internal environment, nutritional support, oxygen inhalation and so on...
November 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Angelico Mendy, Erick Forno, Theophile Niyonsenga, Janvier Gasana
BACKGROUND: Blood biomarkers are easily accessible and might reflect chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) activity. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine whether a panel of blood biomarkers [C-reactive protein (CRP), neutrophils, eosinophils, albumin and vitamin D] could predict mortality in COPD. METHODS: We analyzed data from 431 COPD participants to the 2007-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys who were followed for a median time of 36 months...
December 11, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
Tuan T Nguyen, Minh V Hoang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This review manuscript examines the burden and national response to non-communicable diseases (NCDs), food and nutrition security in Vietnam from 1975 to 2015. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We extracted data from peer-reviewed manuscripts and reports of nationally representative surveys and related policies in Vietnam. RESULTS: In 2010, NCDs accounted for 318,000 deaths (72% of total deaths), 6.7 million years of life lost, and 14 million disability-adjusted life years in Vietnam...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Savant S Thakur, Kristy Swiderski, James G Ryall, Gordon S Lynch
Duchenne muscular dystrophy is the most common and severe of the muscular dystrophies, a group of inherited myopathies caused by different genetic mutations leading to aberrant expression or complete absence of cytoskeletal proteins. Dystrophic muscles are prone to injury, and regenerate poorly after damage. Remorseless cycles of muscle fibre breakdown and incomplete repair lead to progressive and severe muscle wasting, weakness and premature death. Many other conditions are similarly characterized by muscle wasting, including sarcopenia, cancer cachexia, sepsis, denervation, burns, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
January 19, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
Antonia C Perez, Antoinette Johnson, Ziqiang Chen, Gregory E Wilding, Michael G Malkowski, Timothy F Murphy
A vaccine against Moraxella catarrhalis would reduce tremendous morbidity, mortality, and financial burden by preventing otitis media in children and exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in adults. Oligopeptide permease A (OppA) is a candidate vaccine antigen that is (i) a nutritional virulence factor expressed on the bacterial cell surface during infection, (ii) widely conserved among strains, (iii) highly immunogenic, and (iv) a protective antigen based on its capacity to induce protective responses in immunized animals...
March 2018: Infection and Immunity
Rosa M Ortega, Ana Isabel Jiménez Ortega, José Miguel Perea Sánchez, Esther Cuadrado Soto, Rosa M Martínez García, Ana M López Sobaler
OBJECTIVES: Inpatient and institutionalized elderly patients are population groups vulnerable from the nutritional point of view because oftheir greater risk of deficiencies and because in them the effects of imbalances are more serious than in other groups. Analyzing the possible usefulness of industry innovations offering solutions in the oral feeding of these population groups constitutes the objective of the present work. METHODS: Bibliographic search related to the topic...
October 15, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: 18% of the world's population lives in India, and many states of India have populations similar to those of large countries. Action to effectively improve population health in India requires availability of reliable and comprehensive state-level estimates of disease burden and risk factors over time. Such comprehensive estimates have not been available so far for all major diseases and risk factors. Thus, we aimed to estimate the disease burden and risk factors in every state of India as part of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study 2016...
December 2, 2017: Lancet
Shuguang Leng, Maria A Picchi, Yohannes Tesfaigzi, Guodong Wu, W James Gauderman, Fadi Xu, Frank D Gilliland, Steven A Belinsky
Background: COPD is the third leading cause of death in the United States. Cigarette smoking accelerates the age-related forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) decline, an important determinant for the genesis of COPD. Hispanic smokers have lower COPD prevalence and FEV1 decline than non-Hispanic whites (NHWs). Patients and methods: A nutritional epidemiological study was conducted in the Lovelace Smokers cohort (LSC; n=1,829) and the Veterans Smokers cohort (n=508) to identify dietary nutrients (n=139) associated with average FEV1 and its decline and to assess whether nutrient intakes could explain ethnic disparity in FEV1 decline between Hispanics and NHW smokers...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Yi-Chih Huang, Mei-Chen Yang
Purpose: To investigate associations between occupational inhalation risks and fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) levels in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Patients and methods: Data of 16,486 subjects who had undergone spirometry with pre-bronchodilator and post-bronchodilator lung function assessment were retrieved from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2007-2012 database. After excluding 2,638 subjects with missing spirometry values, data of 13,336 subjects were included for analysis...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Zinka Matkovic, Danijel Cvetko, Dario Rahelic, Cristina Esquinas, Marko Zarak, Marc Miravitlles, Neven Tudoric
Nutritional abnormalities and physical inactivity are highly prevalent in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aim of this study was to determine the association between nutritional status/body composition and physical performance in patients with COPD. A cross-sectional observational study was conducted in outpatients with clinically stable, moderate to very severe COPD. In the assessment of nutritional status, we used dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, anthropometry, serum biomarkers, and the Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA) questionnaire...
December 2017: COPD
Maria Del Pilar Benito Martínez, Jorge Estanislao La Serna Infantes, Marta Guarro Riba, Mireia Morera Inglès, Diego Marco Camere Colarossi, Marco Antonio Camere Torrealva
INTRODUCTION: Weight loss and malnutrition are associated with a worse prognosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). OBJECTIVE: The main objective of the OFOS study was to assess the efficacy and tolerability of a new nutritional oral formula in adults with COPD with weight loss or malnutrition. METHODS: Prospective, single-centre, randomized, open-label and controlled trial conducted in Lima (Peru). A total of 99 outpatients of both sexes were included (control [GC]: 49; supplement [GS]: 50), aged from 18 to 80 years old, who had been diagnosed with COPD and that suffered from malnutrition or involuntary weight loss during the last months...
July 28, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Nur Riviati, Siti Setiati, Purwita W Laksmi, Murdani Abdullah
BACKGROUND: the aging process causes decreasing in the function of various organs. Skletal muscle is one of the organs affected by aging process. It is known as sarcopenia. Sarcopenia is defined as a syndrome characterized by progressive loss of muscle mass and strength. The handgrip strength examination is often applied as a sarcopenia filtering technique. This study aimed to determine the relationship between age, nutritional status, and chronic diseases such as stroke, hypertension (HT), diabetes mellitus (DM), coronary heart disease (CHD), and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with handgrip strength...
July 2017: Acta Medica Indonesiana
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