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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566275/acoustic-variation-of-spider-monkeys-contact-calls-whinnies-is-related-to-distance-between-vocalizing-individuals-and-immediate-caller-behavior
#1
José D Ordóñez-Gómez, Ana M Santillán-Doherty, Julia Fischer, Kurt Hammerschmidt
Due to several factors such as ecological conditions, group size, and social organization, primates frequently spend time out of visual contact with individuals of their own group. Through the use of long-distance vocalizations, often termed "contact calls," primates are able to maintain contact with out-of-sight individuals. Contact calls have been shown to be individually distinct, and reverberation and attenuation provide information about caller distance. It is less clear, however, whether callers actively change the structure of contact calls depending on the distance to the presumed listeners...
March 22, 2018: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528666/social-basis-of-vocal-interactions-in-western-lowland-gorillas-gorilla-g-gorilla
#2
Alban Lemasson, Hugo Pereira, Florence Levréro
Authors have raised the possibility of identifying primitive forms of conversational rules in monkeys: temporally ruled vocal interactions, call overlap avoidance, and socially based calling partner preferences. The question as to how these abilities have evolved in the primate lineage remains open to debate, particularly because studies based on apes are scarce and controversial. We studied a captive group of western lowland gorillas and tested the influence of caller characteristics and the type of bond between calling partners on vocal behavior based on the following: age, dominance, spatial proximity, sociopositive contact, and gaze...
May 2018: Journal of Comparative Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364746/descriptive-analysis-of-mental-health-related-presentations-to-emergency-medical-services
#3
Renee Roggenkamp, Emily Andrew, Ziad Nehme, Shelley Cox, Karen Smith
OBJECTIVE: In many developed countries, a lack of community-based mental health services is driving increased utilization of emergency medical services (EMS). In this descriptive study, we sought to describe the demographic and clinical characteristics of mental health-related EMS presentations in Victoria, Australia. METHODS: A retrospective observational study of EMS presentations occurring between January and December 2015. Computer Aided Dispatch and electronic patient care record data were extracted from an electronic data warehouse...
January 24, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220603/evaluating-dispatch-assisted-cpr-using-the-cares-registry
#4
Manali Shah, Cherie Bartram, Kevin Irwin, Kimberly Vellano, Bryan McNally, Timothy Gallagher, Robert Swor
OBJECTIVES: Dispatch-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (DA-CPR) has been shown to improve cardiac arrest survival. Recent literature has proposed dispatch metrics for provision of this intervention. Our objectives are to: use the Cardiac Arrest Registry to Enhance Survival (CARES) to compare current practice to proposed DA-CPR guidelines; describe barriers to DA-CPR; and assess the association of DA-CPR with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) survival. METHODS: We reviewed data from structured dispatch reviews of 911 OHCA calls from 1/1/14-12/31/15...
March 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197641/primary-care-providers-use-of-a-child-psychiatry-telephone-support-program
#5
Jeanne Van Cleave, Chloe Holifield, James M Perrin
BACKGROUND: The Massachusetts Child Psychiatry Access Project (MCPAP) provides telephone support from mental health specialists to primary care providers (PCPs). Understanding PCPs' use may inform implementation of similar programs. We sought to examine PCPs' decision-making process to use or not use MCPAP when encountering mental health problems. METHODS: We analyzed data regarding calls from PCPs to MCPAP from October 1, 2010, to July 31, 2011, and interviewed 14 PCPs with frequent use (≥7 calls) and infrequent use (≤4 calls)...
April 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123877/performance-review-of-regional-emergency-medical-service-pre-arrival-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-with-or-without-dispatcher-instruction-a-population-based-observational-study
#6
Hidetada Fukushima, Yasuyuki Kawai, Hideki Asai, Tadahiko Seki, Kazunobu Norimoto, Yasuyuki Urisono, Kazuo Okuchi
Background: To investigate variations in emergency medical service (EMS) pre-arrival cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), including both bystander CPR without dispatch assistance and dispatch-assisted CPR (DACPR). Methods: We carried out an observational study by implementing EMS pre-arrival CPR reports in three fire agencies. We included adult, non-traumatic, and non-EMS witnessed out-of-hospital cardiac arrests. This reporting system comprised the dispatch instruction process and bystander CPR quality based on evaluations by EMS crews who arrived on the scene...
July 2017: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052513/a-method-to-reduce-ancestry-related-germline-false-positives-in-tumor-only-somatic-variant-calling
#7
Rebecca F Halperin, John D Carpten, Zarko Manojlovic, Jessica Aldrich, Jonathan Keats, Sara Byron, Winnie S Liang, Megan Russell, Daniel Enriquez, Ana Claasen, Irene Cherni, Baffour Awuah, Joseph Oppong, Max S Wicha, Lisa A Newman, Evelyn Jaigge, Seungchan Kim, David W Craig
BACKGROUND: Significant clinical and research applications are driving large scale adoption of individualized tumor sequencing in cancer in order to identify tumors-specific mutations. When a matched germline sample is available, somatic mutations may be identified using comparative callers. However, matched germline samples are frequently not available such as with archival tissues, which makes it difficult to distinguish somatic from germline variants. While population databases may be used to filter out known germline variants, recent studies have shown private germline variants result in an inflated false positive rate in unmatched tumor samples, and the number germline false positives in an individual may be related to ancestry...
October 19, 2017: BMC Medical Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782193/resident-responses-to-after-hours-otolaryngology-patient-phone-calls-an-overlooked-aspect-of-residency-training
#8
Ashton E Lehmann, Elliott D Kozin, Rosh K V Sethi, Kevin Wong, Brian M Lin, Stacey T Gray, Michael J Cunningham
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Otolaryngology residents are often responsible for triaging after-hours patient calls. However, residents receive little training on this topic. Data are limited on the clinical content, reporting, and management of otolaryngology patient calls. This study aimed to characterize the patient concerns residents handle by phone and their subsequent management and reporting. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. METHODS: Five hundred consecutive after-hours patient calls in a tertiary pediatric hospital were reviewed...
August 7, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525363/targeted-sequencing-of-tonsillar-and-base-of-tongue-cancer-and-human-papillomavirus-positive-unknown-primary-of-the-head-and-neck-reveals-prognostic-effects-of-mutated-fgfr3
#9
Cinzia Bersani, Lars Sivars, Linnea Haeggblom, Sebastian DiLorenzo, Michael Mints, Andreas Ährlund-Richter, Nikolaos Tertipis, Eva Munck-Wikland, Anders Näsman, Torbjörn Ramqvist, Tina Dalianis
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus positive (HPV+) tonsillar cancer (TSCC), base of tongue cancer (BOTSCC) and unknown primary cancer of the head and neck (HNCUP) have better outcome than corresponding HPV- cancers. To find predictive markers for response to treatment, and correlations and differences in mutated oncogenes and suppressor genes between HPV+ TSCC/BOTSSCC and HPV+ HNCUP and HPV- TSCC/BOTSCC targeted next-generation sequencing was performed of frequently mutated regions in 50 cancer related genes...
May 23, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478788/on-scene-and-final-assessments-and-their-interrelationship-among-patients-who-use-the-ems-on-multiple-occasions
#10
Julia Tärnqvist, Erik Dahlén, Gabriella Norberg, Carl Magnusson, Johan Herlitz, Anneli Strömsöe, Christer Axelsson, Magnus Andersson Hagiwara
Introduction The use of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) is increasing. A number of patients call repeatedly for EMS. Early studies of frequent callers show that they form a heterogenous group. Problem There is a lack of research on frequent EMS callers. There is furthermore a lack of knowledge about characteristics and the prehospital assessment of the patients who call for EMS on several occasions. Finally, there is a general lack of knowledge with regard to the association between the prehospital assessment by health care providers and the final diagnosis...
October 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468558/expanding-suicide-crisis-services-to-text-and-chat
#11
Zachary Predmore, Rajeev Ramchand, Lynsay Ayer, Virginia Kotzias, Charles Engel, Patricia Ebener, Janet E Kemp, Elizabeth Karras, Gretchen L Haas
BACKGROUND: Crisis support services have historically been offered by phone-based suicide prevention hotlines, but are increasingly becoming available through alternative modalities, including Internet chat and text messaging. AIMS: To better understand differences in the use of phone and chat/text services. METHOD: We conducted semistructured interviews with call responders at the Veterans Crisis Line who utilize multimodal methods to respond to veterans in crisis...
May 3, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365587/electronic-nicotine-delivery-system-ends-use-during-smoking-cessation-a-qualitative-study-of-40-oklahoma-quitline-callers
#12
Katrina A Vickerman, Laura A Beebe, Gillian L Schauer, Brooke Magnusson, Brian A King
OBJECTIVES: Approximately 10% (40 000) of US quitline enrollees who smoke cigarettes report current use of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS); however, little is known about callers' ENDS use. Our aim was to describe why and how quitline callers use ENDS, their beliefs about ENDS and the impact of ENDS use on callers' quit processes and use of FDA-approved cessation medications. DESIGN: Qualitative interviews conducted 1-month postregistration. Interviews were recorded, transcribed, double-coded and analysed to identify themes...
April 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288619/medication-related-calls-received-by-a-national-telenursing-triage-and-advice-service-in-australia-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#13
Ling Li, Rebecca Lake, Magdalena Z Raban, Mary Byrne, Maureen Robinson, Johanna Westbrook, Melissa T Baysari
BACKGROUND: Telenursing triage and advice services are increasingly being used to deliver health advice. Medication-related queries are common, however little research has explored the medication-related calls made to these services. The aim of this study was to examine the profile of medication-related calls to a national telenursing triage and advice service and the medications involved. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of medication-related calls received by Australia's national helpline (healthdirect helpline) in 2014, which provides free advice from registered nurses...
March 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241736/bbcanalyzer-a-visual-approach-to-facilitate-variant-calling
#14
Sarah Sandmann, Aniek O de Graaf, Martin Dugas
BACKGROUND: Deriving valid variant calling results from raw next-generation sequencing data is a particularly challenging task, especially with respect to clinical diagnostics and personalized medicine. However, when using classic variant calling software, the user usually obtains nothing more than a list of variants that pass the corresponding caller's internal filters. Any expected mutations (e.g. hotspot mutations), that have not been called by the software, need to be investigated manually...
February 28, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219730/one-plus-one-binary-alarm-calls-retain-individual-signature-for-longer-periods-than-single-note-alarms-in-the-european-ground-squirrel-spermophilus-citellus
#15
Irena Schneiderová, Elena V Volodina, Vera A Matrosova, Ilya A Volodin
Ground squirrels emit species-specific alarm calls that, among other characteristics, differ by the number of elements. Unlike some species that produce single-element calls, e.g., the Speckled ground squirrel (Spermophilus suslicus), individual European ground squirrels (S. citellus) frequently emit binary-element calls in addition to single-element calls. We tested the hypothesis that the time stability of individuality encoded in alarm calls might be better retained by complicating their acoustic structure by adding extra elements...
May 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137276/towards-standardization-of-next-generation-sequencing-of-ffpe-samples-for-clinical-oncology-intrinsic-obstacles-and-possible-solutions
#16
Maxim Ivanov, Konstantin Laktionov, Valery Breder, Polina Chernenko, Ekaterina Novikova, Ekaterina Telysheva, Sergey Musienko, Ancha Baranova, Vladislav Mileyko
BACKGROUND: Next generation sequencing has a potential to revolutionize the management of cancer patients within the framework of precision oncology. Nevertheless, lack of standardization decelerated entering of the technology into the clinical testing space. Here we dissected a number of common problems of NGS diagnostics in oncology and introduced ways they can be resolved. METHODS: DNA was extracted from 26 formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) specimens and processed with the TrueSeq Amplicon Cancer Panel (Illumina Inc, San Diego, California) targeting 48 cancer-related genes and sequenced in single run...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122372/environmental-and-occupational-exposures-and-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-in-new-england
#17
Angeline S Andrew, Tracie A Caller, Rup Tandan, Eric J Duell, Patricia L Henegan, Nicholas C Field, Walter G Bradley, Elijah W Stommel
BACKGROUND: Recent data provide support for the concept that potentially modifiable exposures are responsible for sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate environmental and occupational exposures as risk factors for sporadic ALS. METHODS: We performed a case-control study of ALS among residents of New England, USA. The analysis compared questionnaire responses from 295 patients with a confirmed ALS diagnosis to those of 225 controls without neurodegenerative illness...
2017: Neuro-degenerative Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940763/childhood-victims-of-snakebites-2000-2013
#18
Joann Schulte, Kristina Domanski, Eric Anthony Smith, Annelle Menendez, Kurt C Kleinschmidt, Brett A Roth
BACKGROUND: Snakebites are not a reportable condition (to state health departments), and 1 major assessment of US children with snakebites was published 50 years ago. Increasing urbanization, population shifts south and west, newer antivenom therapy, and the importation of exotic snakes may have changed snakebites. Poison control centers are often consulted on treatment and collect surveillance data. METHODS: Generic codes for venomous, nonvenomous, and unknown snakebites were used to characterize victims aged ≤18 years reported to US poison control centers between 2000 and 2013...
November 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869506/testing-a-model-of-functional-impairment-in-telephone-crisis-support-workers
#19
Taneile A Kitchingman, Coralie J Wilson, Peter Caputi, Ian Wilson, Alan Woodward
BACKGROUND: It is well known that helping professionals experience functional impairment related to elevated symptoms of psychological distress as a result of frequent empathic engagement with distressed others. Whether telephone crisis support workers are impacted in a similar way is not currently reported in the literature. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to test a hypothesized model of factors contributing to functional impairment in telephone crisis support workers...
November 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862572/how-do-frequent-users-of-crisis-helplines-differ-from-other-users-regarding-their-reasons-for-calling-results-from-a-survey-with-callers-to-lifeline-australia-s-national-crisis-helpline-service
#20
Aves Middleton, Alan Woodward, Jane Gunn, Bridget Bassilios, Jane Pirkis
Crisis helplines are designed to provide short-term support to people in an immediate crisis. However, there is a group of users who call crisis helplines frequently over an extended period of time. The reasons for their ongoing use remain unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the differences in the reasons for calling between frequent and other users of crisis helplines. This was achieved by examining the findings from a brief survey completed by callers to Lifeline Australia at the end of their call between February and July 2015...
May 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
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