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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468772/the-personal-and-community-impact-of-a-scottish-men-s-shed
#1
Emma J Foster, Sarah-Anne Munoz, Stephen J Leslie
Social isolation and loneliness are known to be associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Therefore, reducing social isolation and loneliness may improve such outcomes. In relation to men's health, "Men's Sheds" have been shown as one mechanism to achieve this. Studies in Australia and England have shown social, health and personal benefits; however, this remains an area that has not yet been researched in Scotland. This study, therefore, aimed to assess the characteristics of attendees, self-reported motivations for and the values and benefits of attending the Shed from the views of the attendees themselves...
February 21, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468607/the-patient-reported-information-multidimensional-exploration-prime-framework-for-investigating-emotions-and-other-factors-of-prostate-cancer-patients-with-low-intermediate-risk-based-on-online-cancer-support-group-discussions
#2
Tharindu Bandaragoda, Weranja Ranasinghe, Achini Adikari, Daswin de Silva, Nathan Lawrentschuk, Damminda Alahakoon, Raj Persad, Damien Bolton
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to use the Patient Reported Information Multidimensional Exploration (PRIME) framework, a novel ensemble of machine-learning and deep-learning algorithms, to extract, analyze, and correlate self-reported information from Online Cancer Support Groups (OCSG) by patients (and partners of patients) with low intermediate-risk prostate cancer (PCa) undergoing radical prostatectomy (RP), external beam radiotherapy (EBRT), and active surveillance (AS), and to investigate its efficacy in quality-of-life (QoL) and emotion measures...
February 21, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467107/associations-between-personal-care-product-use-patterns-and-breast-cancer-risk-among-white-and-black-women-in-the-sister-study
#3
Kyla W Taylor, Melissa A Troester, Amy H Herring, Lawrence S Engel, Hazel B Nichols, Dale P Sandler, Donna D Baird
BACKGROUND: Many personal care products include chemicals that might act as endocrine disruptors and thus increase the risk of breast cancer. OBJECTIVE: We examined the association between usage patterns of beauty, hair, and skin-related personal care products and breast cancer incidence in the Sister Study, a national prospective cohort study (enrollment 2003-2009). METHODS: Non-Hispanic black (4,452) and white women (n=42,453) were examined separately using latent class analysis (LCA) to identify groups of individuals with similar patterns of self-reported product use in three categories (beauty, skin, hair)...
February 21, 2018: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465683/chemsex-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-sexualized-drug-use-survey-among-clients-of-the-sexually-transmitted-infection-outpatient-clinic-and-users-of-a-gay-dating-app-in-amsterdam-the-netherlands
#4
Susanne Drückler, Martijn S van Rooijen, Henry J C de Vries
OBJECTIVES: Chemsex (i.e., drug use during sex) is practiced by some men who have sex with men (MSM) and is associated with high-risk behavior. In a cross-sectional study at the sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinic of Amsterdam, we explored chemsex practices, risk behavior, and STI prevalence. METHOD: A survey on chemsex (γ-hydroxybutyrate, crystal methamphetamine, and/or mephedrone) was offered to clinic clients during routine STI screening and to Amsterdam users of a gay online dating app...
November 15, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463487/users-uses-and-effects-of-social-media-in-dietetic-practice-scoping-review-of-the-quantitative-and-qualitative-evidence
#5
REVIEW
Audrée-Anne Dumas, Annie Lapointe, Sophie Desroches
BACKGROUND: Social media platforms are increasingly used by registered dietitians (RDs) to improve knowledge translation and exchange in nutrition. However, a thorough understanding of social media in dietetic practice is lacking. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to map and summarize the evidence about the users, uses, and effects of social media in dietetic practice to identify gaps in the literature and inform future research by using a scoping review methodology...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463240/patient-s-and-health-care-provider-s-perspectives-on-music-therapy-in-palliative-care-an-integrative-review
#6
W Schmid, J H Rosland, S von Hofacker, I Hunskår, F Bruvik
BACKGROUND: The use of music as therapy in multidisciplinary end-of-life care dates back to the 1970s and nowadays music therapy (MT) is one of the most frequently used complementary therapy in in-patient palliative care in the US. However existing research investigated music therapy's potential impact mainly from one perspective, referring to either a quantitative or qualitative paradigm. The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the users' and providers' perspectives on music therapy in palliative care within one research article...
February 20, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462081/the-opioid-epidemic-in-acute-care-surgery-characteristics-of-overprescribing-following-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#7
Kristine T Hanson, Cornelius A Thiels, Stephanie F Polites, Halena M Gazelka, Mohamed D Ray-Zack, Martin D Zielinski, Elizabeth B Habermann
BACKGROUND: Postoperative prescribing following acute care surgery must be optimized to limit excess opioids in circulation as misuse and diversion are frequently preceded by a prescription for acute pain. This study aimed to identify patient characteristics associated with higher opioid prescribing following laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). METHODS: Among patients age ≥18 years who underwent LC at a single institution 2014-2016, opioids prescribed at discharge were converted to oral morphine equivalents (OME) and compared to developing state guidelines (max 200 OME)...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458512/patterns-and-trends-of-hookah-use-among-new-jersey-youth-new-jersey-youth-tobacco-survey-2008-2014
#8
Jessica A Kulak, Michelle Bover T Manderski, Mark J Travers, Cristine D Delnevo, Mary Hrywna, Maansi Bansal-Travers, Gregory G Homish, Gary A Giovino
OBJECTIVES: In this study, the aim was to document trends of ever, past 30-day, and frequent (use on > 10 days/month) hookah use among New Jersey (NJ) high school students. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the 2008-2014 waves of the NJ Youth Tobacco Survey, a biennial survey of public high school students in grades 9-12 with a mean age of 15 years. Multivariable logistic regressions assessed trends and correlates of hookah use. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the use of cigarettes, electronic cigarettes, and other tobacco products (including cigars, smokeless tobacco, and bidis)...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458287/the-economic-impact-of-switching-from-synthroid-%C3%A2-for-the-treatment-of-hypothyroidism
#9
Nikhil Khandelwal, Beverly Johns, Zsolt Hepp, Jane Castelli-Haley
AIMS: To compare hypothyroidism-related costs for patients who continuously used Synthroid® and patients who switched from Synthroid® to alternative therapies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Truven's Health Analytics MarketScan® Commercial Claims and Encounters database from January 1, 2007 to June 30, 2014 was queried for US adults diagnosed with hypothyroidism who initiated Synthroid® and adhered to such therapy for at least 6 months. Propensity score matching matched continuous users of Synthroid® to patients who switched from Synthroid® to alternative levothyroxine agents...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456960/evaluation-and-customization-of-who-safety-checklist-for-patient-safety-in-otorhinolaryngology
#10
Yogesh Dabholkar, Haritosh Velankar, Sneha Suryanarayan, Twinkle Y Dabholkar, Akanksha A Saberwal, Bhavika Verma
The WHO has designed a safe surgery checklist to enhance communication and awareness of patient safety during surgery and to minimise complications. WHO recommends that the check-list be evaluated and customised by end users as a tool to promote safe surgery. The aim of present study was to evaluate the impact of WHO safety checklist on patient safety awareness in otorhinolaryngology and to customise it for the speciality. A prospective structured questionnaire based study was done in ENT operating room for duration of 1 month each for cases, before and after implementation of safe surgery checklist...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456894/the-state-of-oa-a-large-scale-analysis-of-the-prevalence-and-impact-of-open-access-articles
#11
Heather Piwowar, Jason Priem, Vincent Larivière, Juan Pablo Alperin, Lisa Matthias, Bree Norlander, Ashley Farley, Jevin West, Stefanie Haustein
Despite growing interest in Open Access (OA) to scholarly literature, there is an unmet need for large-scale, up-to-date, and reproducible studies assessing the prevalence and characteristics of OA. We address this need using oaDOI, an open online service that determines OA status for 67 million articles. We use three samples, each of 100,000 articles, to investigate OA in three populations: (1) all journal articles assigned a Crossref DOI, (2) recent journal articles indexed in Web of Science, and (3) articles viewed by users of Unpaywall, an open-source browser extension that lets users find OA articles using oaDOI...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454607/italian-wikipedia-and-epilepsy-an-infodemiological-study-of-online-information-seeking-behavior
#12
Francesco Brigo, Simona Lattanzi, Giorgia Giussani, Laura Tassi, Nicola Pietrafusa, Carlo Andrea Galimberti, Raffaele Nardone, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Oriano Mecarelli
Wikipedia is the most commonly accessed source of health information by both healthcare professionals and the lay public worldwide. We aimed to evaluate information-seeking behavior of Internet users searching the Italian Wikipedia for articles related to epilepsy and its treatment. Using Pageviews Analysis, we assessed the total and mean monthly views of articles from the Italian Wikipedia devoted to epilepsy, epileptic syndromes, seizure type, and antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) from January 1, 2015 to October 31, 2017...
February 14, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453686/antipsychotic-prescribing-and-safety-monitoring-practices-in-children-and-youth-a-population-based-study-in-alberta-canada
#13
Wenxin Chen, Monica Cepoiu-Martin, Antonia Stang, Diane Duncan, Chris Symonds, Lara Cooke, Tamara Pringsheim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Antipsychotic medication use has steadily increased in Canada, with an expansion in the profile of users and the diagnoses for which they are used. The use of antipsychotics is associated with a number of adverse effects for which routine monitoring is recommended. The objectives of this study were to determine the most common diagnoses associated with antipsychotic use in children in Alberta, Canada and the proportion who receive recommended laboratory tests for adverse effects...
February 16, 2018: Clinical Drug Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452385/longitudinal-tobacco-use-transitions-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-2014-2016
#14
Elizabeth C Hair, Alexa R Romberg, Raymond Niaura, David B Abrams, Morgane A Bennett, Haijun Xiao, Jessica M Rath, Lindsay Pitzer, Donna Vallone
Introduction: Among youth, the frequency and prevalence of using more than one tobacco (small cigar, cigarette, and hookah) or nicotine-containing product (e-cigarettes-ENDS) are changing. These shifts pose challenges for regulation, intervention, and prevention campaigns because of scant longitudinal data on the stability of use patterns in this changing product landscape. Methods: A nationally representative longitudinal survey of 15- to 21-year olds (n = 15,275) was used to describe transitions between never use, noncurrent use, and past 30-day use of combustible tobacco, e-cigarettes (ENDS), and dual use of both kinds of products...
February 13, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450599/a-typology-of-satisfaction-with-mental-health-services-based-on-andersen-s-behavioral-model
#15
Marilyn Fortin, Zhirong Cao, Marie-Josée Fleury
OBJECTIVE: Patients with mental disorders (MDs) form a highly heterogeneous group, whose satisfaction with mental health services (MHS) may vary according to different variables. Identifying patient subgroups with similar levels of satisfaction may help identify variables that contribute to satisfaction or dissatisfaction with services. This study established a typology of patient satisfaction with MHS that revealed variables specific to each group. METHODS: The study included 325 patients with MDs across four health service networks offering integrated and diversified services...
February 15, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450225/online-specific-fear-of-missing-out-and-internet-use-expectancies-contribute-to-symptoms-of-internet-communication-disorder
#16
Elisa Wegmann, Ursula Oberst, Benjamin Stodt, Matthias Brand
Some of the most frequently used online applications are Facebook, WhatsApp, and Twitter. These applications allow individuals to communicate with other users, to share information or pictures, and to stay in contact with friends all over the world. However, a growing number of users suffer from negative consequences due to their excessive use of these applications, which can be referred to as Internet-communication disorder. The frequent use and easy access of these applications may also trigger the individual's fear of missing out on content when not accessing these applications...
June 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449105/comparing-cryptomarkets-for-drugs-a-characterisation-of-sellers-and-buyers-over-time
#17
Meropi Tzanetakis
INTRODUCTION: Cryptomarkets operating on the darknet are a recent phenomenon that has gained importance only over the last couple of years (Barratt, 2012). However, they now constitute an evolving part of illicit drug markets. Although selling and buying a variety of psychoactive substances on the Internet has a long history, new technological developments enable systematic drug trading on the net.These technological innovations on the Internet allow users to proceed with (illicit) drug transactions with almost completely anonymous identities and locations...
February 12, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448145/concurrent-nicotine-and-tobacco-product-use-among-homeless-smokers-and-associations-with-cigarette-dependence-and-other-factors-related-to-quitting
#18
Julie Neisler, Lorraine R Reitzel, Lorra Garey, Darla E Kenzdor, Emily T Hébert, Maya Vijayaraghavan, Michael S Businelle
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking rates among homeless adults are exceptionally high, contributing to health disparities experienced by this disadvantaged population. Concurrent nicotine and tobacco product use have been shown to result in greater health problems than cigarette smoking alone, and little is known about the rates, motives, and perceived impacts of concurrent use in this group. The purpose of this study is to explore concurrent use rates and constructs of interest among homeless adult daily smokers and to examine differences between concurrent users and non-concurrent users on cigarette dependence, perceived risk of smoking, readiness to quit, and the receipt of recent cessation intervention...
February 7, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440222/sqanti-extensive-characterization-of-long-read-transcript-sequences-for-quality-control-in-full-length-transcriptome-identification-and-quantification
#19
Manuel Tardaguila, Lorena de la Fuente, Cristina Marti, Cécile Pereira, Francisco Jose Pardo-Palacios, Hector Del Risco, Marc Ferrell, Maravillas Mellado, Marissa Macchietto, Kenneth Verheggen, Mariola Edelmann, Iakes Ezkurdia, Jesus Vazquez, Michael Tress, Ali Mortazavi, Lennart Martens, Susana Rodriguez-Navarro, Victoria Moreno-Manzano, Ana Conesa
High-throughput sequencing of full-length transcripts using long reads has paved the way for the discovery of thousands of novel transcripts, even in well-annotated mammalian species. The advances in sequencing technology have created a need for studies and tools that can characterize these novel variants. Here, we present SQANTI, an automated pipeline for the classification of long-read transcripts that can assess the quality of data and the preprocessing pipeline using 47 unique descriptors. We apply SQANTI to a neuronal mouse transcriptome using Pacific Biosciences (PacBio) long reads and illustrate how the tool is effective in characterizing and describing the composition of the full-length transcriptome...
February 9, 2018: Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434476/interest-of-supportive-and-barrier-protective-skin-care-products-in-the-daily-prevention-and-treatment-of-cutaneous-toxicity-during-radiotherapy-for-breast-cancer
#20
Antoine Berger, Carlos Regueiro, Tarek Hijal, David Pasquier, Cristina De La Fuente, Florence Le Tinier, Bernard Coche-Dequeant, Eric Lartigau, Dominique Moyal, Sophie Seité, René-Jean Bensadoun
Purpose: As many as 50% of patients with cancer develop acute skin reactions to some degree with radiotherapy. Proactive skin care is often recommended to minimise these skin reactions and maintain the integrity of the epidermal barrier; nevertheless, no consensual guidelines are systematically used. This multicentre, observational, prospective study evaluated the tolerability and benefit of supportive and barrier protective skin care products in preventing radiotherapy-induced skin reactions in 253 women initiating radiotherapy (exclusive or adjuvant) for breast cancer...
2018: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research
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