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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677112/iodine-deficiency-in-a-study-population-of-norwegian-pregnant-women-results-from-the-little-in-norway-study-lin
#1
Lisbeth Dahl, Maria Wik Markhus, Perla Vanessa Roldan Sanchez, Vibeke Moe, Lars Smith, Helle Margrete Meltzer, Marian Kjellevold
Iodine sufficiency is particularly important in pregnancy, where median urinary iodine concentration (UIC) in the range of 150⁻250 µg/L indicates adequate iodine status. The aims of this study were to determine UIC and assess if dietary and maternal characteristics influence the iodine status in pregnant Norwegian women. The study comprises a cross-sectional population-based prospective cohort of pregnant women (Little in Norway (LiN)). Median UIC in 954 urine samples was 85 µg/L and 78...
April 20, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675987/the-usage-of-procalcitonin-in-finland
#2
B Tujula, M Kokki, K Pulkki, J Romppanen, S Sjövall, H Tuominen, H Kokki
BACKGROUND: We have surveyed the use of procalcitonin (PCT) in Finland with a specific emphasis on intensive care unit (ICU) patients. METHODS: The PCT use was surveyed from all 11 laboratories providing services for all 15 secondary and all five tertiary care hospitals in Finland. The laboratories reported the PCT use of each hospital in 2014 and 2015. Four hospitals were analysed for the first 100 adult ICU patients with PCT measurements in 2015. The indication for PCT measurement and whether PCT values affected antibiotic treatment were collected from patient records...
April 19, 2018: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673370/early-versus-standard-initiation-of-renal-replacement-therapy-in-furosemide-stress-test-non-responsive-acute-kidney-injury-patients-the-fst-trial
#3
Nuttha Lumlertgul, Sadudee Peerapornratana, Thananda Trakarnvanich, Wanjak Pongsittisak, Kajbundit Surasit, Anan Chuasuwan, Pleumjit Tankee, Khajohn Tiranathanagul, Kearkiat Praditpornsilpa, Kriang Tungsanga, Somchai Eiam-Ong, John A Kellum, Nattachai Srisawat
BACKGROUND: The timing of initiation of renal replacement therapy (RRT) in severe acute kidney injury (AKI) remains controversial, with early initiation resulting in unnecessary therapy for some patients while expectant therapy may delay RRT for other patients. The furosemide stress test (FST) has been shown to predict the need for RRT and therefore could be used to exclude low-risk patients from enrollment in trials of RRT timing. We conducted this multicenter pilot study to determine whether FST could be used to screen patients at high risk for RRT and to determine the feasibility of incorporating FST into a trial of early initiation of RRT...
April 19, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672538/spatio-temporal-patterns-of-attacks-on-human-and-economic-losses-from-wildlife-in-chitwan-national-park-nepal
#4
Babu Ram Lamichhane, Gerard A Persoon, Herwig Leirs, Shashank Poudel, Naresh Subedi, Chiranjibi Prasad Pokheral, Santosh Bhattarai, Bishnu Prasad Thapaliya, Hans H de Iongh
Wildlife attacks on humans and economic losses often result in reduced support of local communities for wildlife conservation. Information on spatial and temporal patterns of such losses in the highly affected areas contribute in designing and implementing effective mitigation measures. We analyzed the loss of humans, livestock and property caused by wildlife during 1998 to 2016, using victim family's reports to Chitwan National Park authorities and Buffer Zone User Committees. A total of 4,014 incidents were recorded including attacks on humans, livestock depredation, property damage and crop raiding caused by 12 wildlife species...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672090/subjective-cannabis-effects-as-part-of-a-developing-disorder-in-adolescents-and-emerging-adults
#5
Hayley Treloar Padovano, Robert Miranda
In light of expanding legalization of cannabis and swelling debate about the potential risks, particularly for younger users, understanding acute cannabis effects among adolescents and emerging adults is more important than ever. Contemporary models of addiction development identify subjective drug responses as central to the developmental unfolding of drug use disorders. Despite this, surprisingly little is known about cannabis's acute subjective effects in human youths. This research utilized ecological momentary assessment (EMA) in the natural environment to identify the typical situational context of cannabis use among 85 frequent cannabis users, ages 15-24 years (M = 19...
April 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669296/a-twitter-based-survey-on-marijuana-concentrate-use
#6
Raminta Daniulaityte, Mussa Y Zatreh, Francois R Lamy, Ramzi W Nahhas, Silvia S Martins, Amit Sheth, Robert G Carlson
AIMS: The purpose of this paper is to analyze characteristics of marijuana concentrate users, describe patterns and reasons of use, and identify factors associated with daily use of concentrates among U.S.-based cannabis users recruited via a Twitter-based online survey. METHODS: An anonymous Web-based survey was conducted in June 2017 with 687 U.S.-based cannabis users recruited via Twitter-based ads. The survey included questions about state of residence, socio-demographic characteristics, and cannabis use including marijuana concentrates...
April 11, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667759/incidence-predictors-and-clinical-management-of-hyperkalaemia-in-new-users-of-mineralocorticoid-receptor-antagonists
#7
Marco Trevisan, Pietro de Deco, Hairong Xu, Marie Evans, Bengt Lindholm, Rino Bellocco, Peter Barany, Tomas Jernberg, Lars H Lund, Juan J Carrero
BACKGROUND: Concerns for hyperkalaemia limit the use of mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRAs). The frequency of MRA-associated hyperkalaemia in real-world settings and the extent of subsequent MRA discontinuation are poorly quantified. METHODS AND RESULTS: Observational study including all Stockholm citizens initiating MRA therapy during 2007-2010. Hyperkalaemias were identified from all potassium (K+ ) measurements in healthcare. MRA treatment lengths and dosages were obtained from complete collection of pharmacy dispensations...
April 18, 2018: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666022/a-cross-sectional-survey-of-the-uk-public-to-understand-use-of-online-ratings-and-reviews-of-health-services
#8
Michelle H van Velthoven, Helen Atherton, John Powell
OBJECTIVES: To identify the self-reported behaviour of the public in reading and writing online feedback in relation to health services. METHODS: A face-to-face cross-sectional survey of a representative sample of the UK population. Descriptive and logistic regression analyses were undertaken to describe and explore the use of online feedback. RESULTS: 2036 participants were surveyed, and of 1824 Internet users, 42% (n = 760) had read online health care feedback and 8% (n = 147) had provided this feedback in the last year...
April 9, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665855/dutch-citizens-of-turkish-origin-who-utilize-healthcare-services-in-turkey-a-qualitative-study-on-motives-and-contextual-factors
#9
Aydın Şekercan, Anke J Woudstra, Ron J G Peters, Majda Lamkaddem, Seval Akgün, Marie-Louise Essink-Bot
BACKGROUND: Dutch residents of Turkish origin frequently utilize healthcare in Turkey. METHODS: To investigate their motives for doing so, we conducted a qualitative study among these healthcare users using semi-structured interviews. We complemented this with informal conversations with Turkish healthcare providers and observations at the registration offices and waiting rooms of outpatient clinics in several Turkish hospitals. RESULTS: Respondents believed their perceived needs for referral to specialist care and diagnostic assessments to quantify their health were not being met in the Netherlands...
April 17, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664922/patterns-of-emergency-department-utilization-by-patients-on-chronic-dialysis-a-population-based-study
#10
Paul Komenda, Navdeep Tangri, Evan Klajncar, Amanda Eng, Michelle Di Nella, Brett Hiebert, Trevor Strome, Ricardo Lobato de Faria, James M Zacharias, Mauro Verrelli, Manish M Sood, Claudio Rigatto
IMPORTANCE: Patients on dialysis are often elderly and frail, with multiple comorbid conditions, and are heavy users of Emergency Department (ED) services. However, objective data on the frequency and pattern of ED utilization by dialysis patients are sparse. Such data could identify periods of highest risk for ED visits and inform health systems interventions to mitigate these risks and improve outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To describe the pattern and frequency of presentation to ER by dialysis patients...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664236/use-of-non-vitamin-k-antagonist-oral-anticoagulants-2008-2016-a-danish-nationwide-cohort-study
#11
Simone Haastrup, Maja Hellfritzsch, Lotte Rasmussen, Anton Pottegård, Erik Lerkevang Grove
We aimed to provide detailed utilization data on the total use of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) since their introduction in 2008. Using the nationwide Danish National Prescription Registry, we identified all individuals filling prescriptions for NOACs 2008-2016. We reported the development in incident and prevalent users and explored baseline characteristics and treatment persistence according to treatment indication. A total of 126,691 NOAC users were identified within the Danish population of 5...
April 17, 2018: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664159/reading-aids-for-adults-with-low-vision
#12
REVIEW
Gianni Virgili, Ruthy Acosta, Sharon A Bentley, Giovanni Giacomelli, Claire Allcock, Jennifer R Evans
BACKGROUND: The purpose of low-vision rehabilitation is to allow people to resume or to continue to perform daily living tasks, with reading being one of the most important. This is achieved by providing appropriate optical devices and special training in the use of residual-vision and low-vision aids, which range from simple optical magnifiers to high-magnification video magnifiers. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of different visual reading aids for adults with low vision...
April 17, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664119/e-cigarettes-vaping-and-performativity-in-the-context-of-tobacco-denormalisation
#13
Mark Lucherini, Catriona Rooke, Amanda Amos
E-cigarettes are devices through which a nicotine solution is 'vapourised' and inhaled by the user. Unlike cigarettes, the process involves no tobacco combustion. However, the inhalation and exhalation of vapour is reminiscent of smoking and there is debate about the possible harms and benefits of e-cigarette use, including the 'renormalisation' of smoking. Despite these debates, there has been little exploration into the embodied and semiotic similarities between smoking and vaping. This paper views the practices of vaping and smoking through the lens of performativity that is, the accumulation of meaning associated with the habits over time and space...
April 17, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663958/patterns-of-usage-and-preferences-of-users-for-tuberculosis-related-text-messages-and-voice-calls-in-uganda
#14
J M Ggita, C Ojok, A J Meyer, K Farr, P B Shete, E Ochom, P Turimumahoro, D Babirye, D Mark, D Dowdy, S Ackerman, M Armstrong-Hough, T Nalugwa, I Ayakaka, D Moore, J E Haberer, A Cattamanchi, A Katamba, J L Davis
BACKGROUND: Little information exists about mobile phone usage or preferences for tuberculosis (TB) related health communications in Uganda. METHODS: We surveyed household contacts of TB patients in urban Kampala, Uganda, and clinic patients in rural central Uganda. Questions addressed mobile phone access, usage, and preferences for TB-related communications. We collected qualitative data about messaging preferences. RESULTS: We enrolled 145 contacts and 203 clinic attendees...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661242/use-applicability-and-reliability-of-depth-of-hypnosis-monitors-in-children-a-survey-among-members-of-the-european-society-for-paediatric-anaesthesiology
#15
Yuen Man Cheung, Gail Scoones, Robert Jan Stolker, Frank Weber
BACKGROUND: To assess the thoughts of practicing anaesthesiologists about the use of depth of hypnosis monitors in children. METHODS: Members of the European Society for Paediatric Anaesthesiology were invited to participate in an online survey about their thoughts regarding the use, applicability and reliability of hypnosis monitoring in children. RESULTS: The survey achieved a response rate of 30% (N = 168). A total of 138 completed surveys were included for further analysis...
April 16, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661209/gastrointestinal-and-urinary-complaints-in-adults-with-hereditary-spastic-paraparesis
#16
Øivind J Kanavin, Krister W Fjermestad
BACKGROUND: Hereditary spastic paraparesis (HSP) is a group of rare genetic disorders affecting the central nervous system. Pure HSP is limited to lower limb spasticity and urinary voiding dysfunction. Complex HSP involves additional neurological features. Beyond the described core symptoms, knowledge about the burden of disease for adults with HSP is limited, particularly regarding gastrointestinal functions, fecal incontinence, and urinary symptoms. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional self-report survey with 108 adult HSP patients (Mage  = 57...
April 16, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660716/high-time-resolution-simulation-of-e-coli-on-hands-reveals-large-variation-in-microbial-exposures-amongst-vietnamese-farmers-using-human-excreta-for-agriculture
#17
Timothy R Julian, Hasitha S K Vithanage, Min Li Chua, Matasaka Kuroda, Ana K Pitol, Pham Hong Lien Nguyen, Robert A Canales, Shigeo Fujii, Hidenori Harada
Infectious disease transmission is frequently mediated by the environment, where people's movements through and interactions with the environment dictate risks of infection and/or illness. Capturing these interactions, and quantifying their importance, offers important insights into effective interventions. In this study, we capture high time-resolution activity data for twenty-five Vietnamese farmers during collection and land application of human excreta for agriculture. Although human excreta use improves productivity, the use increases risks of enteric infections for both farmers and end users...
April 13, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659546/physical-activity-on-prescription-with-counsellor-support-a-4-year-registry-based-study-in-routine-health-care-in-sweden
#18
Pia Andersen, Sara Holmberg, Lena Lendahls, Per Nilsen, Margareta Kristenson
Background : Public health gains from physical activity on prescription (PAP) depend on uptake in routine care. We performed an evaluation of the implementation, in a Swedish county council, of counsellors who give personalized support to PAP recipients aimed at facilitating PAP delivery. The aim was to compare characteristics between PAP recipients and the health care population as well as between PAP recipients who used and did not use counsellor support. We also investigated professional belonging and health care setting of health care professionals who prescribed PAP...
April 16, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659528/automated-quality-control-for-sensor-based-symptom-measurement-performed-outside-the-lab
#19
Reham Badawy, Yordan P Raykov, Luc J W Evers, Bastiaan R Bloem, Marjan J Faber, Andong Zhan, Kasper Claes, Max A Little
The use of wearable sensing technology for objective, non-invasive and remote clinimetric testing of symptoms has considerable potential. However, the accuracy achievable with such technology is highly reliant on separating the useful from irrelevant sensor data. Monitoring patient symptoms using digital sensors outside of controlled, clinical lab settings creates a variety of practical challenges, such as recording unexpected user behaviors. These behaviors often violate the assumptions of clinimetric testing protocols, where these protocols are designed to probe for specific symptoms...
April 16, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659489/characterizing-depression-issues-on-sina-weibo
#20
Xianyun Tian, Philip Batterham, Shuang Song, Xiaoxu Yao, Guang Yu
The prevalence of depression has increased significantly over the past few years both in developed and developing countries. However, many people with symptoms of depression still remain untreated or undiagnosed. Social media may be a tool to help researchers and clinicians to identify and support individuals who experience depression. More than 394,000,000 postings were collected from China's most popular social media website, Sina Weibo. 1000 randomly selected depression-related postings was coded and analyzed to learn the themes of these postings, and a text classifier was built to identify the postings indicating depression...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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