keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

frequent users

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645576/mechanisms-of-hepatocellular-toxicity-associated-with-new-psychoactive-synthetic-cathinones
#1
Dino Luethi, Matthias E Liechti, Stephan Krähenbühl
Synthetic cathinones are a new class of psychostimulant substances. Rarely, they can cause liver injury but associated mechanisms are not completely elucidated. In order to increase our knowledge about mechanisms of hepatotoxicity, we investigated the effect of five frequently used cathinones on two human cell lines. Bupropion was included as structurally related drug used therapeutically. In HepG2 cells, bupropion, MDPV, mephedrone and naphyrone depleted the cellular ATP content at lower concentrations (0...
June 20, 2017: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645058/promoting-physical-activity-in-high-poverty-neighborhood-parks-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Deborah A Cohen, Bing Han, Kathryn P Derose, Stephanie Williamson, Terry Marsh, Laura Raaen, Thomas L McKenzie
Although physical activity can help mitigate or prevent multiple chronic diseases, most people in the U.S., especially high-poverty minority groups, engage in insufficient levels of physical activity. To test ways to promote more physical activity in high-poverty area public parks we conducted a randomized controlled intervention trial. After completing baseline measures of park-based physical activity using systematic direct observation three times/day each month for six months and assessing preferences for park programming among 1445 residents living within 1 mile of study parks, we randomized 48 parks in high poverty neighborhoods in the City of Los Angeles, California during 2013-2014 to four study arms: 1) free physical activity classes over a 6-month period, 2) a frequent user program where participants could win prizes based upon the number of visits they made to the park, 3) both the programs, and 4) neither one (control condition)...
June 3, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644589/when-do-we-think-it-is-safe-to-drive-after-hand-surgery-current-practice-and-legal-perspective
#3
S F Murphy, J D Martin-Smith, W Martin-Smith, E O'Broin, A J P Clover
Patients recovering from hand surgery frequently ask when it is safe to drive and it is unclear where the responsibility lies; the surgeon, the patient or the insurance company. An eight-question survey looking at various aspects of clinical practice was circulated to consultant and trainee plastic and orthopaedic surgeons in Ireland and the UK. Of the 89 surgeons who replied, (53%) felt the decision when to drive was the patient's compared with the insurance company (40%) and the surgeon (7%). 80% advised patients to contact their insurance company...
December 12, 2016: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642216/what-predicts-online-health-information-seeking-behavior-among-egyptian-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Mayada Ghweeba, Antje Lindenmeyer, Sobhi Shishi, Mostafa Abbas, Amani Waheed, Shaymaa Amer
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, the Internet has become an important source of health-related information for a wide range of users worldwide. Yet, little is known about the personal characteristics of Egyptian Internet users who search for online health information (OHI). OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to identify the personal characteristics of Egyptian OHI seekers and to determine any associations between their personal characteristics and their health information-seeking behavior...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641281/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-a-clinical-study-in-1-016-hematology-oncology-patients
#5
Marina Hierl, Jochen Pfirstinger, Reinhard Andreesen, Ernst Holler, Stephanie Mayer, Daniel Wolff, Martin Vogelhuber
INTRODUCTION: Surveys state a widespread use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in patients with malignant diseases. CAM methods might potentially interfere with the metabolization of tumor-specific therapy. However, there is little communication about CAM use in hematology/oncology patients between patients, CAM providers, and oncologists. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire was handed out to all patients attending to the hematology/oncology outpatient clinic of Regensburg University Hospital...
June 23, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635499/hearing-aid-fine-tuning-based-on-dutch-descriptions
#6
Thijs Thielemans, Donné Pans, Michelene Chenault, Lucien Anteunis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to derive an independent fitting assistant based on expert consensus. Two questions were asked: (1) what (Dutch) terms do hearing impaired listeners use nowadays to describe their specific hearing aid fitting problems? (2) What is the expert consensus on how to resolve these complaints by adjusting hearing aid parameters? DESIGN: Hearing aid dispensers provided descriptors that impaired listeners use to describe their reactions to specific hearing aid fitting problems...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634381/impact-of-initial-active-engagement-in-self-monitoring-with-a-telemonitoring-device-on-glycemic-control-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#7
Min-Kyung Lee, Kwang-Hyeon Lee, Seung-Hyun Yoo, Cheol-Young Park
This study aimed to investigate the effect of patient engagement in self-monitoring with a telemonitoring device on glycemic control among patients with type 2 diabetes. We conducted a subanalysis of the telemonitoring device study in Kaiser Permanente Northern California members. We divided the telemonitoring group into 53 frequent and 54 infrequent users based on self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) frequency of the first 6 weeks. The frequency of SMBG transmitted from the telemonitoring device was examined over 24 weeks...
June 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632478/sexual-risk-behaviors-and-predictors-of-inconsistent-condom-use-among-crack-cocaine-users-in-the-french-overseas-territories-in-the-americas
#8
Marie-Claire Parriault, Astrid Van-Melle, Célia Basurko, Larissa Valmy, Bruno Hoen, André Cabié, Marie-Thérèse Goerger-Sow, Mathieu Nacher
The French overseas territories in the Americas are the French territories most affected by HIV. Crack cocaine users are particularly impacted. The objective of this study was to describe sexual risk behaviors and inconsistent condom use among crack cocaine users. A total of 640 crack cocaine users were interviewed. The sampling method was non-probabilistic. An anonymous standardized questionnaire of 110 questions was used. Over a third of persons did not use condoms systematically with casual sex partners (36...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632077/medical-cannabis-in-serbia-the-survey-of-knowledge-and-attitudes-in-an-urban-adult-population
#9
Tatjana Gazibara, Milica Prpic, Gorica Maric, Tatjana Pekmezovic, Darija Kisic-Tepavcevic
There are some indices that legalization of medical cannabis in the Republic of Serbia might be considered. The purpose of this research was to assess knowledge and attitudes towards medical cannabis in an urban adult population. This cross-sectional study was conducted in December 2015 and January 2016. A convenience sample of study participants comprised users of the Community Health Center. A total of 360 adults were invited to participate. Data were collected through an anonymous questionnaire. Most participants (77...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630037/a-mobile-app-for-the-self-management-of-type-1-diabetes-among-adolescents-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Shivani Goyal, Caitlin A Nunn, Michael Rotondi, Amy B Couperthwaite, Sally Reiser, Angelo Simone, Debra K Katzman, Joseph A Cafazzo, Mark R Palmert
BACKGROUND: While optimal blood glucose control is known to reduce the long-term complications associated with type 1 diabetes mellitus, adolescents often struggle to achieve their blood glucose targets. However, their strong propensity toward technology presents a unique opportunity for the delivery of novel self-management interventions. To support type 1 diabetes self-management in this population, we developed the diabetes self-management app bant, which included wireless blood glucose reading transfer, out-of-range blood glucose trend alerts, coaching around out-of-range trend causes and fixes, and a point-based incentive system...
June 19, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628395/evaluation-of-a-companion-robot-based-on-field-tests-with-single-older-adults-in-their-homes
#11
Katalin Zsiga, András Tóth, Tamás Pilissy, Orsolya Péter, Zoltán Dénes, Gábor Fazekas
The growing number of older adults places insurmountable load on family members and professional caregivers. Assistive technology with the aid of robots can present a possible solution. The goal of this article was to test a companion robot supporting older adults in their home environments. Eight senior volunteers were involved in the field test. They all lived alone and were self-supporting. The robot was capable of providing cognitive assistance to manage the user's daily routine. Each participant used the robot for 94...
June 19, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628379/visuomotor-behaviors-and-performance-in-a-dual-task-paradigm-with-and-without-vibrotactile-feedback-when-using-a-myoelectric-controlled-hand
#12
Eitan Raveh, Jason Friedman, Sigal Portnoy
Prosthesis users allocate visual attention to their prosthetic hand while performing activities of daily living (ADLs), due to absence of sensory feedback. Dual-task assignments present competition for visual attention and may affect the performance of ADLs. Vibrotactile feedback (VTF) is a frequently-used method to provide prosthesis users with tactile feedback. However, the effect of adding VTF on visual attention and performance in a motor dual-task paradigm has not been investigated. Our aim was to compare visual attention and performance during ADLs in a motor dual-task paradigm when using binary VTF and without using VTF...
June 19, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624168/antibiotic-prescription-fills-for-acute-conjunctivitis-among-enrollees-in-a-large-united-states-managed-care-network
#13
Nakul S Shekhawat, Roni M Shtein, Taylor S Blachley, Joshua D Stein
PURPOSE: Antibiotics are seldom necessary to treat acute conjunctivitis. We assessed how frequently patients with newly diagnosed acute conjunctivitis fill prescriptions for topical antibiotics and factors associated with antibiotic prescription fills. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 340 372 enrollees in a large nationwide United States managed care network with newly diagnosed acute conjunctivitis, from 2001 through 2014...
June 14, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624133/-the-use-of-administrative-health-databases-in-infectious-disease-epidemiology-and-public-health
#14
L Fonteneau, N Le Meur, A Cohen-Akenine, C Pessel, C Brouard, F Delon, G Desjeux, J Durand, J Kirchgesner, N Lapidus, M Lemaitre, S Tala, A Thiébaut, L Watier, J Rudant, L Guillon-Grammatico
BACKGROUND: The public health burden resulting from infectious diseases requires efforts in surveillance and evaluation of health care. The use of administrative health databases (AHD) and in particular the French national health insurance database (SNIIRAM) is an opportunity to improve knowledge in this field. The SNIIRAM data network (REDSIAM) workshop dedicated to infectious diseases conducted a narrative literature review of studies using French AHD. From the results, benefits and limits of these new tools in the field of infectious diseases are presented...
June 14, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622559/controlling-sunbathing-safety-during-the-summer-holidays-the-solar-uv-campaign-at-baltic-sea-coast-in-2015
#15
Jakub Guzikowski, Agnieszka E Czerwińska, Janusz W Krzyścin, Michał A Czerwiński
Information regarding the intensity of surface UV radiation, provided for the public, is frequently given in terms of a daily maximum UV Index (UVI), based on a prognostic model. The quality of the UV forecast depends on the accuracy of column amount of ozone and cloudiness prediction. Daily variability of UVI is needed to determine the risk of the UV overexposure during outdoor activities. Various methods of estimating the temporary UVI and the maximum duration of UV exposures (received a dose equal to minimal erythemal dose - MED), at the site of sunbathing, were compared...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619473/cocaine-adulteration
#16
REVIEW
Oliver Kudlacek, Tina Hofmaier, Anton Luf, Felix P Mayer, Thomas Stockner, Constanze Nagy, Marion Holy, Michael Freissmuth, Rainer Schmid, Harald H Sitte
Cocaine is a naturally occurring and illicitly used psychostimulant drug, which exerts its activity at monoaminergic neurotransmitter transporters. These transporters mediate the reuptake of the monoamines dopamine, serotonin and norepinephrine and are blocked by cocaine. The increase of monoamines in the extracellular space is the phenomenon underlying the drug effects that cocaine users seek. Currently, it is one of the most important illicit drugs on the European market. However, this increase in monoamines is also the underlying cause for the development of addiction and a number of severe side effects...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618419/addictive-potential-of-internet-applications-and-differential-correlates-of-problematic-use-in-internet-gamers-versus-generalized-internet-users-in-a-representative-sample-of-adolescents
#17
Tabea Rosenkranz, Kai W Müller, Michael Dreier, Manfred E Beutel, Klaus Wölfling
AIMS: This paper examines the addictive potential of 8 different Internet applications, distinguishing male and female users. Moreover, differential correlates of problematic use are investigated in Internet gamers (IG) and generalized Internet users (GIU). METHOD: In a representative sample of 5,667 adolescents aged 12-19 years, use of Internet applications, problematic Internet use, psychopathologic symptoms (emotional problems, hyperactivity/inattention, and psychosomatic complaints), personality (conscientiousness and extraversion), psychosocial correlates (perceived stress and self-efficacy), and coping strategies were assessed...
June 16, 2017: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618239/extent-and-risks-of-antipsychotic-off-label-use-in-children-and-adolescents-in-germany-between-2004-and-2011
#18
Carsten Schröder, Michael Dörks, Bianca Kollhorst, Tilo Blenk, Ralf W Dittmann, Edeltraut Garbe, Oliver Riedel
OBJECTIVE: Only little is known about antipsychotic (AP) off-label use (OLU) in pediatric populations. It was the aim of this study to examine the frequency as well as the risks of off-label AP use in underaged patients. METHODS: To calculate the frequency of off-label AP prescriptions for the years 2004-2011, we used claims data of more than two million minors aged 0-17 years. Off-label prescriptions were analyzed with regard to type of OLU, physician specialty, and underlying diagnoses...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618002/novel-psychoactive-substance-use-among-treatment-seeking-opiate-users-the-role-of-life-events-and-psychiatric-symptoms
#19
Máté Kapitány-Fövény, Judit Farkas, Patrícia Andrea Pataki, Anna Kiss, Janka Horváth, Róbert Urbán, Zsolt Demetrovics
OBJECTIVE: Over the past 5 years, a shift to the use of novel psychoactive substances (NPS) has been observed among opioid users. The aim of this study was to assess the potential reasons for NPS use among treatment-seeking patients receiving opiate substitution therapy. METHOD: A structured questionnaire was filled out by a sample of 198 opiate dependent patients of Hungary's National Institute of Psychiatry and Addiction. This questionnaire assessed demographics, treatment characteristics, lifetime substance use, potential reasons for NPS use, negative life events (Life Events Scale), and psychiatric symptoms (Brief Symptom Inventory)...
June 15, 2017: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617756/optimizing-thiopurine-therapy-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-among-2-real-life-intercept-cohorts-effect-of-allopurinol-comedication
#20
Berrie Meijer, Margien L Seinen, Remco van Egmond, Gerd Bouma, Chris J J Mulder, Adriaan A van Bodegraven, Nanne K H de Boer
BACKGROUND: Thiopurines (azathioprine and mercaptopurine) are frequently used immunosuppressive drugs to maintain remission in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Half of the conventional thiopurine-derivative users have to discontinue treatment within 5 years, mainly because of intolerable adverse events. Over recent years, different strategies to optimize thiopurine treatment were suggested, yet, studies describing the clinical effectiveness of these strategies remain scarce. The aims of this study were to compare tolerability and sustained clinical benefit of conventional thiopurine derivatives therapy among two 5-year real-life intercept cohorts and to assess the clinical value of specifically allopurinol cotherapy...
June 14, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
keyword
keyword
42570
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"