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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245092/predictors-of-hospitalization-length-of-stay-among-re-admitted-treatment-resistant-bipolar-disorder-inpatients
#1
M Fornaro, F Iasevoli, S Novello, A Fusco, A Anastasia, D De Berardis, A Valchera, A de Bartolomeis
BACKGROUND: Hospitalization accounts for significant health care resource utilization for treatment-resistant Bipolar Disorder (BD), especially among frequent users of acute inpatient psychiatric units. Appraisal of the clinical features and predictive role of selected variables is therefore crucial in such population, representing the aim of the present research. METHODS: A hundred and nineteen BD inpatients with an established history of pharmacological treatment resistance for either mania or bipolar depression were classified as long hospitalization cases (LOS+) and their controls and compared against each other for a number of demographic, clinical, and psychopathological features...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241103/prevalence-and-correlates-of-benzodiazepine-use-and-misuse-among-young-adults-who-use-prescription-opioids-non-medically
#2
Benjamin A Bouvier, Katherine M Waye, Beth Elston, Scott E Hadland, Traci C Green, Brandon D L Marshall
BACKGROUND: Benzodiazepine use dramatically increases the risk of unintentional overdose among people who use opioids non-medically. However, little is known about the patterns of co-occurring benzodiazepine and opioid use among young adults in the United States. METHODS: The Rhode Island Young Adult Prescription Drug Study (RAPiDS) was a cross-sectional study from January 2015-February 2016. RAPiDS recruited 200 young adults aged 18-29 who reported past 30-day non-medical prescription opioid (NMPO) use...
December 7, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239036/a-user-s-guide-to-non-invasive-follicular-thyroid-neoplasm-with-papillary-like-nuclear-features-niftp
#3
REVIEW
Yin P Hung, Justine A Barletta
The term non-invasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP) was recently introduced to replace a subset of follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (FVPTC). The goal of this change was to promote more conservative management of these tumours and spare patients the psychological burden of a cancer diagnosis. The histological diagnosis of NIFTP is stringent: the tumour needs to demonstrate encapsulation or circumscription, a purely follicular architecture and the presence of nuclear features of papillary thyroid carcinoma, while lacking capsular and vascular invasion, a significant component of solid growth and high-grade features (increased mitotic activity and necrosis)...
January 2018: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237581/a-web-based-training-resource-for-therapists-to-deliver-an-evidence-based-exercise-program-for-rheumatoid-arthritis-of-the-hand-isarah-design-development-and-usability-testing
#4
Cynthia Swarnalatha Srikesavan, Esther Williamson, Lucy Eldridge, Peter Heine, Jo Adams, Tim Cranston, Sarah E Lamb
BACKGROUND: The Strengthening and Stretching for Rheumatoid Arthritis of the Hand (SARAH) is a tailored, progressive exercise program for people having difficulties with wrist and hand function due to rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The program was evaluated in a large-scale clinical trial and was found to improve hand function, was safe to deliver, and was cost-effective. These findings led to the SARAH program being recommended in the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidelines for the management of adults with RA...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237199/-adult-victimization-of-mental-health-service-users-a-review-of-prevalences-risk-factors-and-disclosure
#5
Silvia Krumm, Carmen Checchia, Reinhold Kilian, Thomas Becker
Background Although adult victimization among psychiatric patients is frequent, the subject is neglected within the mental health service literature in Germany. Methods Systematic review on adult victimization prevalences, introduction of risk factors and discussion against theoretical concepts and findings on disclosure of victimization. Results International studies consistently indicate high adult victimization risks compared to general population. Risk factors include psychopathology, substance abuse, (former) experiences of violence, and a lack of social integration...
December 13, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232460/travel-with-cpap-machines-how-frequent-and-what-are-the-problems
#6
Richard Bodington, Owen Johnson, Pippa Carveth-Johnson, Shoaib Faruqi
Background: Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome is a common condition for which continuous positive airways pressure (CPAP) is the standard treatment. The condition affects a population of which a substantial proportion will be travelling. Methods: We use a questionnaire survey of CPAP users to gain understanding regarding the behaviours, attitudes and problems surrounding travel with CPAP machines during travel and while abroad. All CPAP patients on our database at a UK district general hospital reviewed over a period of 4 years were sent a postal questionnaire...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229592/a-human-centered-platform-for-hiv-infection-reduction-in-new-york-development-and-usage-analysis-of-the-ending-the-epidemic-ete-dashboard
#7
Ashish Joshi, Chioma Amadi, Benjamin Katz, Sarah Kulkarni, Denis Nash
BACKGROUND: Dashboards have been increasingly used in clinic-based interventions, such as clinical performance improvement and monitoring risk of hospital readmissions, and are now gaining traction in population-based interventions, especially in disease assessment. OBJECTIVE: We describe the design, development, and usage analysis of a geovisualization dashboard, the Ending the Epidemic (ETE) Dashboard. The ETE dashboard is a tool developed to track New York's progress towards achieving the goal of its ETE Initiative, to reduce new HIV infections from 3000 per year to 750 per year by the end of 2020...
December 11, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229057/functional-limitations-in-adults-who-utilize-chiropractic-or-osteopathic-manipulation-in-the-united-states-analysis-of-the-2012-national-health-interview-survey
#8
Mary L Forte, Michele Maiers
OBJECTIVES: The goals of this study were to identify self-reported differences in function, comorbidities, and medical service utilization among adults who reported using chiropractic and/or osteopathic manipulation in the 2012 National Health Interview Survey, and to compare these between older and younger adults. METHODS: We conducted a descriptive study of adults aged 18 or older who were included in the 2012 National Health Interview Survey and the Alternative Medicine Questionnaire...
November 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228960/cross-sectional-survey-on-the-use-and-impact-of-the-danish-national-antibiotic-use-guidelines-for-companion-animal-practice
#9
Lisbeth Rem Jessen, Tina Møller Sørensen, Zenia Littau Lilja, Maja Kristensen, Tine Hald, Peter Damborg
BACKGROUND: The Danish antibiotic use guidelines for companion animal practice were published by the Danish Veterinary Association in 2012. Since then, national surveillance data indicate a 10% reduction in the total use of antibiotics for companion animals, particularly a marked reduction in the use of third generation cephalosporins. The aim of the study was to assess if and how the guidelines have impacted diagnostic and antibiotic prescription habits of the users, and to identify user perceived barriers to implementation...
December 11, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227277/use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-in-georgia
#10
I Nadareishvili, K Lunze, N Tabagari, A Beraia, G Pkhakadze
In Georgia, like in most countries globally, people commonly resort to complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). However, not much is known about CAM practices there. The aim of the study was to document common practices of CAM in Georgia and related patient attitudes. We collected data from peoples who commonly use CAM at 20 service provision centers in Georgia using cluster sampling from 300 patients. We admininstered a cross-sectional survey and conducted descriptive statistical analyses. People in Georgia use CAM either for prevention to improve general health (33%) or to treat chronic conditions (36%), spending about 25 Euros per month out of pocket...
November 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225959/effect-of-removing-the-barrier-of-transportation-costs-on-surgical-utilisation-in-guinea-madagascar-and-the-republic-of-congo
#11
Mark G Shrime, Mirjam Hamer, Swagoto Mukhopadhyay, Lauren M Kunz, Nathan H Claus, Kirsten Randall, Joannita H Jean-Baptiste, Pierre H Maevatombo, Melissa P S Toh, Jasmin R Biddell, Ria Bos, Michelle White
Background: 81 million people face impoverishment from surgical costs every year. The majority of this impoverishment is attributable to the non-medical costs of care-for transportation, for food and for lodging. Of these, transportation is the largest, but because it is not viewed as an actual medical cost, it is frequently unaddressed. This paper examines the effect on surgical utilisation of paying for transportation. Methods: A hierarchical logistic regression was performed on 2692 patients presenting for surgical care to a non-governmental organisation operating in the Republic of the Congo, Guinea and Madagascar...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223184/older-marijuana-users-marijuana-risk-perceptions-associations-with-marijuana-use-patterns-and-marijuana-and-other-substance-use-disorders
#12
Namkee G Choi, Diana M DiNitto, C Nathan Marti
BACKGROUND: Compared to their non-using age peers, older marijuana users are known to have lower marijuana risk perceptions. We examined associations of older marijuana users' risk perceptions with their marijuana use patterns and substance use disorders. METHODS: Data are from 2013 to 2015 National Survey of Drug Use and Health (N = 24,057 respondents aged 50+ years). Bivariate logistic regression was used to compare risk perceptions among never users, former users, and past-year users aged 50+ years...
December 10, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221997/what-do-patients-want-to-know-questions-and-concerns-regarding-mammography-expressed-through-social-media
#13
Abbas M Charlie, Yiming Gao, Samantha L Heller
PURPOSE: The purpose of this project is to identify questions and concerns patients have regarding breast cancer screening mammography to establish priorities in patient education and health care communication. METHODS: A content analysis of posted questions (June 2010 to February 2017) containing the keywords mammogram and mammography was conducted on the social media question and answer website Quora (Quora Inc, Mountainview, California). Question topic, responses, and number of views were recorded...
December 5, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221545/-globalhealth-twitter-conversations-on-malaria-hiv-tb-ncds-and-ntds-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#14
Isaac Chun-Hai Fung, Ashley M Jackson, Jennifer O Ahweyevu, Jordan H Grizzle, Jingjing Yin, Zion Tsz Ho Tse, Hai Liang, Juliet N Sekandi, King-Wa Fu
BACKGROUND: Advocates use the hashtag #GlobalHealth on Twitter to draw users' attention to prominent themes on global health, to harness their support, and to advocate for change. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to describe #GlobalHealth tweets pertinent to given major health issues. METHODS: Tweets containing the hashtag #GlobalHealth (N = 157,951) from January 1, 2014, to April 30, 2015, were purchased from GNIP Inc. We extracted 5 subcorpora of tweets, each with 1 of 5 co-occurring disease-specific hashtags (#Malaria, #HIV, #TB, #NCDS, and #NTDS) for further analysis...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219087/canadian-24-hour-movement-guidelines-for-the-early-years-0-4%C3%A2-years-exploring-the-perceptions-of-stakeholders-and-end-users-regarding-their-acceptability-barriers-to-uptake-and-dissemination
#15
Negin Riazi, Subha Ramanathan, Meghan O'Neill, Mark S Tremblay, Guy Faulkner
BACKGROUND: It is important to engage stakeholders and end users in the development of guidelines for knowledge translation purposes. The aim of this study was to examine stakeholders' (experts in pediatric and family medicine, physical activity knowledge translation, and research) and end users' (parents and early childhood educators) perceptions of the Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for the Early Years (0-4 years). METHODS: Stakeholders (n = 10) engaged in telephone interviews and end users (n = 92) participated in focus groups (n = 14) to discuss perceived clarity and need for the guidelines, potential barriers to implementation, identification of credible messengers, and methods for dissemination of the guidelines...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218996/use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-among-newly-diagnosed-breast-cancer-patients-in-malaysia-an-early-report-from-the-mybcc-study
#16
Aina Farhana Zulkipli, Tania Islam, Nur Aishah Mohd Taib, Maznah Dahlui, Nirmala Bhoo-Pathy, Nabilla Al-Sadat, Hazreen Abdul Majid, Samsinah Hussain
BACKGROUND: The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has increased and little is known on CAM use during the initial period. Therefore, the aim was to determine prevalence of CAM use among newly diagnosed breast cancer patients prior to seeking conventional treatment. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study involved interviewing newly diagnosed breast cancer patients in the University Malaya Medical Centre (UMMC) using a structured questionnaire...
December 1, 2017: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216523/use-of-synthetic-stimulants-and-hallucinogens-in-a-cohort-of-electronic-dance-music-festival-attendees
#17
Amanda L A Mohr, Melissa Friscia, Jillian K Yeakel, Barry K Logan
Novel psychoactive substances (NPS), often characterized as unregulated psychoactive compounds designed to circumvent existing legislation, have become mainstream on the illicit drug market. Because of their physical and mind-altering properties, NPS may be deliberately or inadvertently ingested at electronic dance music (EDM) festivals to enhance the attendees' appreciation of the music and overall experience. Their widespread use at EDM festivals have been well documented and several adverse events and fatalities associated with NPS ingestion have been reported in the United States...
November 21, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215132/may-car-washing-represent-a-risk-for-legionella-infection
#18
T Baldovin, A Pierobon, C Bertoncello, E Destefani, M Gennari, A Stano, V Baldo
BACKGROUND: Legionella is a ubiquitous Gram-negative bacterium naturally found in aquatic environments. It can pose a health problem when it grows and spreads in man-made water systems. Legionella pneumophila is the most common cause of Legionnaires' disease nowadays, a community-acquired pneumonia with pulmonary symptoms and chest radiography no different from any other form of infectious pneumonia. Legionella monitoring is important for public health reasons, including the identification of unusual environmental sources of Legionella...
January 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211500/correlates-of-tinder-use-and-risky-sexual-behaviors-in-young-adults
#19
Gilla K Shapiro, Ovidiu Tatar, Arielle Sutton, William Fisher, Anila Naz, Samara Perez, Zeev Rosberger
Tinder is a frequently used geosocial networking application that allows users to meet sexual partners in their geographical vicinity. Research examining Tinder use and its association with behavioral outcomes is scarce. The objectives of this study were to explore the correlates of Tinder use and risky sexual behaviors in young adults. Participants aged 18-26 were invited to complete an anonymous online questionnaire between January and May 2016. Measures included sociodemographic characteristics, Tinder use, health related behaviors, risky sexual behaviors, and sexual attitudes...
December 6, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211140/pharmacotherapeutic-profile-of-users-and-expenditure-on-high-cost-drugs-in-s%C3%A3-o-leopoldo-rio-grande-do-sul-state-brazil-2014
#20
Mariani Sopelsa, Fabiane Raquel Motter, Nêmora Tregnago Barcellos, Heloísa Marquardt Leite, Vera Maria Vieira Paniz
OBJECTIVE: to describe the pharmacotherapeutic profile of users of the Specialized Program for Pharmaceutical Assistance, and to measure the expenditure on the most prevalent and the most expensive medications. METHODS: descriptive study conducted in São Leopoldo-RS, Brazil, with secondary data regarding information about requests accepted in 2014, through administrative proceedings; delivery notes of the State Health Department/RS were used to assess the costs...
October 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
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