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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782305/tatami-mats-a-source-of-pitted-keratolysis-in-a-martial-arts-athlete
#1
Anamaria Balić, Zrinka Bukvić Mokos, Branka Marinović, Daniela Ledić Drvar
Dear Editor, Pitted keratolysis (PK), also known as keratosis plantaris sulcatum, is a non-inflammatory, bacterial, superficial cutaneous infection, characterized by many discrete superficial crateriform ''pits'' and erosions in the thickly keratinized skin of the weight-bearing regions of the soles of the feet (1). The disease often goes unnoticed by the patient, but when it is noticed it is because of the unbearable malodor and hyperhidrosis of the feet, which are socially unacceptable and cause great anxiety to many of the patients...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781789/the-influence-of-wearing-ski-boots-with-different-rigidity-characteristics-on-postural-control
#2
Frédéric Noé, Xavier García-Massó, Pauline Delaygue, Audrey Melon, Thierry Paillard
External supports that reduce ankle joint mobility such as ski-boots can impair postural control of healthy participants. Although this disruptive effect has been attributed to the rigidity of the external supports, the results remained controversial and no study has been conducted in order to evaluate the influence of ski-boots rigidity. Hence, the question about the influence of ankle support rigidity on postural control remains open. This study was therefore undertaken in order to investigate the effect of ski-boots rigidity on postural control...
May 21, 2018: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777981/bare-footprint-metric-analysis-methods-for-comparison-and-identification-in-forensic-examinations-a-review-of-literature
#3
REVIEW
Richa Mukhra, Kewal Krishan, Tanuj Kanchan
Footprint is one of the most common types of physical evidence recovered at a crime scene. The forensic footprint evidence may play an important role in establishing the identity of a person; therefore, its examination is of prime importance. A link may be established by observing and comparing the morphological features of footprints with the perpetrator. These barefoot prints may be present as a two-dimensional print or a three-dimensional imprint depending on the substrate upon which they have been impressed upon and accordingly different methods and techniques are implemented in order to identify the questioned prints...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772495/walking-variations-in-healthy-women-wearing-high-heeled-shoes-shoe-size-and-heel-height-effects
#4
Enrica Di Sipio, Giulia Piccinini, Cristiano Pecchioli, Marco Germanotta, Chiara Iacovelli, Chiara Simbolotti, Arianna Cruciani, Luca Padua
BACKGROUND: The use of high heels is widespread in modern society in professional and social contests. Literature showed that wearing high heels can produce injurious effects on several structures from the toes to the pelvis. No studies considered shoe length as an impacting factor on walking with high heels. RESEARCH QUESTION: The aim of this study is to evaluate walking parameters in young healthy women wearing high heels, considering not only the heel height but also the foot/shoe size...
May 3, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765875/clinical-and-biomechanical-effects-of-low-dye-taping-and-figure-8-modification-of-low-dye-taping-in-patients-with-heel-pad-atrophy
#5
You Hyeon Chae, Joo Sup Kim, Yeon Kang, Hyun Young Kim, Tae Im Yi
Objective: To investigate and compare the effect of low-dye taping (LDT) and figure-8 modification of LDT (MLDT) on peak plantar pressure and heel pain in patients with heel pad atrophy. Methods: There were reviewed 32 feet of 19 patients who have been diagnosed with heel pad atrophy who were enrolled in this study. The patients were diagnosed with heel pad atrophy with clinical findings, and loaded heel pad thickness measured by ultrasonography. At the first visit, patients were taught how to do LDT and MLDT...
April 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758978/analysis-of-foot-kinematics-wearing-high-heels-using-the-oxford-foot-model
#6
Meizi Wang, Yaodong Gu, Julien Steven Baker
Wearing high heels is thought to lead to various foot disorders and injuries such as metatarsal pain, Achilles tendon tension, plantar fasciitis and Haglund malformation. However, there is little available information explaining the specific mechanisms and reasons why wearing high heels causes foot deformity. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the foot kinematics of high heel wearers and compare any differences with barefoot individuals using the Oxford Foot Model (OFM). Fifteen healthy women aged 20-25 years were measured while walking barefoot and when wearing high heels...
April 29, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754913/lifestyle-and-cardiovascular-disease-barefooting-through-the-guidelines
#7
EDITORIAL
Massimo Volpe, Allegra Battistoni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753998/use-of-high-speed-stereo-radiography-to-assess-the-foot-orthoses-effectiveness-in-controlling-midfoot-posture-during-walking-a-pilot-study
#8
Erin M Mannen, Stuart J Currie, Elizabeth C Bachman, Amira Otmane, Bradley S Davidson, Kevin B Shelburne, Thomas G McPoil
BACKGROUND: The intent of this pilot study was to determine the feasibility of using high-speed stereo radiography (HSSR) to assess the effectiveness of footwear and foot orthoses in controlling the change in the position of the midfoot during walking in individuals with a flexible pes planus foot type. METHODS: Four individuals (1 female; 3 male) with a mean age of 25 years (range 22-29) and a bilateral flexible pes planus foot type participated in the study. The HSSR system was used to measure 3-dimensional changes in the longitudinal arch angle (LAA) with each participant walking barefoot, shoe only and shoes with orthoses...
January 31, 2018: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736361/tungiasis-presenting-as-onychomycosis-probably-the-first-report-of-flea-infestation-of-the-nail-observed-using-modified-potassium-hydroxide-mount-technique
#9
Venkataramana Kandi
Tungiasis is an infection/infestation of the flea Tunga penetrans . These are bloodsucking ectoparasitic insects belonging to the phylum Arthropoda, and they do not possess wings, but they have long legs enabling them to jump up to 30 cm high. The fleas are usually present on the skin and in the hair of domestic and wild animals and are prevalent throughout the world. They may also be present in an environment consisting of dry sandy soils, and they infect people who walk barefoot and reside in flea-infested areas...
March 5, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717946/immediate-effects-of-talus-stabilizing-taping-on-balance-and-gait-parameters-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Donghwan Park, Ji-Hyun Lee, Tae-Woo Kang, Heon-Seock Cynn
BACKGROUND: Talus-stabilizing taping (TST) may improve ankle range of motion and gait performance by providing a posterior-inferior talar glide in a closed-chain dorsiflexion position. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the immediate effects of TST on balance and gait parameters in patients with chronic stroke. METHODS: Twenty post-stroke patients participated in this study. Each participant performed tests under three conditions (TST, barefoot, and conventional ankle-foot orthosis [AFO]), in random order...
May 2, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702369/barefoot-plantar-pressure-measurement-in-chronic-exertional-compartment-syndrome
#11
D Roscoe, A J Roberts, D Hulse, A Shaheen, M P Hughes, A Bennett
BACKGROUND: Patients with Chronic Exertional Compartment Syndrome (CECS) have exercise-limiting pain that subsides at rest. Diagnosis is confirmed by intramuscular compartment pressure (IMCP) measurement. Accompanying CECS, subjective changes to gait (foot slap) are frequently reported by patients. This has not previously been investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in barefoot plantar pressure (BFPP) between CECS cases and asymptomatic controls prior to the onset of painful symptoms...
April 9, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696991/pressure-distribution-in-the-ankle-and-subtalar-joint-with-routine-and-oversized-foot-orthoses
#12
Patrick Williamson, Aron Lechtig, Philip Hanna, Stephen Okajima, Peter Biggane, Michael Nasr, David Zurakowski, Naven Duggal, Ara Nazarian
BACKGROUND: Foot orthoses are used to treat many disorders that affect the lower limb. These assistive devices have the potential to alter the forces, load distribution, and orientation within various joints in the foot and ankle. This study attempts to quantify the effects of orthoses on the intra-articular force distribution of the ankle and subtalar joint using a cadaveric testing jig to simulate weight bearing. METHODS: Five lower-limb cadaveric specimens were placed on a custom jig, where a 334-N (75-lb) load was applied at the femoral head, and the foot was supported against a plate to simulate double-leg stance...
April 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679933/slip-avoidance-strategies-in-children-with-bilateral-spastic-cerebral-palsy-and-crouch-gait
#13
Ana Francisca Rozin Kleiner, Ilaria Pacifici, Claudia Condoluci, Chiarella Sforza, Manuela Galli
BACKGROUND: A slip occurs when the required friction (RCOF) to prevent slipping at the foot/floor interfaces exceeds the available friction. The RCOF is dependent upon the biomechanics features of individuals and their gait. On the other hand, the available friction depends on environmental features. Once individuals with crouch gait have their biomechanics of gait completely altered, how do they interact with a supporting surface? The aim was to quantify the RCOF in children with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy (BSCP) and crouch gait...
April 11, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668299/effects-of-using-insoles-of-different-thicknesses-in-older-adults-which-thickness-has-the-best-impact-on-postural-stability-and-risk-of-falling
#14
Öznur Büyükturan, Serdar Demirci, Buket Büyükturan, Yavuz Yakut
BACKGROUND: Postural stability (PS) problems arise as an individual grows older, and as a result, risk of falling (RoF) increases in older adults. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of insoles of various thicknesses on PS and RoF in older adults. METHODS: Fifty-six individuals participated in the study. PS and RoF were evaluated both statically and dynamically using Biodex Balance System. PS and RoF assessments were perfomed under five different conditions: 1) barefoot, 2) only shoes, 3) with 5 mm insole, 4) with 10 mm insole, 5) with 15 mm insole...
April 18, 2018: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666760/barefoot-running-does-not-affect-simple-reaction-time-an-exploratory-study
#15
Nicholas J Snow, Jason F L Blair, Graham Z MacDonald, Jeannette M Byrne, Fabien A Basset
Background: Converging evidence comparing barefoot (BF) and shod (SH) running highlights differences in foot-strike patterns and somatosensory feedback, among others. Anecdotal evidence from SH runners attempting BF running suggests a greater attentional demand may be experienced during BF running. However, little work to date has examined whether there is an attentional cost of BF versus SH running. Objective: This exploratory study aimed to examine whether an acute bout of BF running would impact simple reaction time (SRT) compared to SH running, in a sample of runners naïve to BF running...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663851/intra-and-inter-rater-reliability-of-the-10-meter-ambulation-test-in-hemiparesis-is-better-barefoot-at-maximal-speed
#16
Emilie Hutin, Mouna Ghédira, Catherine-Marie Loche, Valentina Mardale, Catherine Hennegrave, Jean-Michel Gracies, Nicolas Bayle
Objectives Reliability of clinical tests to evaluate ambulation in chronic hemiparesis may vary according to the testing condition. The 10-meter ambulation test (AT10) assesses walking speed and step length over 10 m, starting and ending in seated position. In the present study, we compared the intra- and inter-reliability of AT10 in chronic hemiparesis in four different conditions: with shoes and barefoot, at free and maximal safe speed. Methods Ten patients with hemiparesis, >1 year post-stroke (age 45 ± 12, time since stroke 16 ± 9 months, mean ± SD) participated in the reliability study (registration, ID-RCB-2017-A00090-53)...
April 17, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659401/effects-of-different-footwear-properties-and-surface-instability-on-neuromuscular-activity-and-kinematics-during-jumping
#17
Melanie Lesinski, Olaf Prieske, Ron Borde, Rainer Beurskens, Urs Granacher
Lesinski, M, Prieske, O, Borde, R, Beurskens, R, and Granacher, U. Effects of different footwear properties and surface instability on neuromuscular activity and kinematics during jumping. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The purpose of this study was to examine sex-specific effects of different footwear properties vs. barefoot condition during the performance of drop jumps (DJs) on stable and unstable surfaces on measures of jump performance, electromyographic (EMG) activity, and knee joint kinematics...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657826/heel-impact-forces-during-barefoot-versus-minimally-shod-walking-among-tarahumara-subsistence-farmers-and-urban-americans
#18
Ian J Wallace, Elizabeth Koch, Nicholas B Holowka, Daniel E Lieberman
Despite substantial recent interest in walking barefoot and in minimal footwear, little is known about potential differences in walking biomechanics when unshod versus minimally shod. To test the hypothesis that heel impact forces are similar during barefoot and minimally shod walking, we analysed ground reaction forces recorded in both conditions with a pedography platform among indigenous subsistence farmers, the Tarahumara of Mexico, who habitually wear minimal sandals, as well as among urban Americans wearing commercially available minimal sandals...
March 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614463/is-symmetry-of-loading-improved-for-injured-runners-during-novice-barefoot-running
#19
Adam S Tenforde, Matthew C Ruder, Steve T Jamison, Pratham P Singh, Irene S Davis
BACKGROUND: As barefoot (BF) running provides important sensory information that influence landing patterns, it may also affect loading symmetry. RESEARCH QUESTION: The purpose of this investigation was to examine whether symmetry of loading in a group of injured runners would be improved in a novice, barefoot condition. METHODS: Cross-sectional design evaluating 67 injured RFS runners. Each subject ran on an instrumented treadmill, first with their habitual shod pattern and then in a BF condition with a FFS pattern, both at the same self-selected speed...
March 27, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599297/immediate-effects-of-an-artificial-change-in-hoof-angulation-on-the-dorsal-metacarpophalangeal-joint-angle-and-cross-sectional-areas-of-both-flexor-tendons
#20
Jenny Hagen, Kaid Kojah, Michael Geiger, Mandy Vogel
Corrective shoeing is used to change hoof angulation with the intention to influence the angulation of the digital joints to reduce strain on associated tendons. The objective of this study is to examine how gradual changes in hoof angulation affect the dorsal metacarpophalangeal joint (DMPJ) angulation and cross-sectional areas (CSAs) of the deep digital flexor tendon (DDFT) and superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT) concerning the individual toe conformation. Forelimbs of 30 horses were examined barefoot and equipped with 5°, 10° and 20° toe wedges (TWs) and heel wedges (HWs)...
March 29, 2018: Veterinary Record
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