keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Barefoot

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542227/health-beliefs-of-school-age-rural-children-in-podoconiosis-affected-families-a-qualitative-study-in-southern-ethiopia
#1
Abebayehu Tora, Getnet Tadele, Abraham Aseffa, Colleen M McBride, Gail Davey
BACKGROUND: Several studies have suggested investigation of health beliefs in children to be an important pre-condition for primary prevention of disease. However, little effort has been made to understand these in the context of podoconiosis. This study therefore aimed to explore the health beliefs of school-age rural children in podoconiosis-affected families. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A cross sectional qualitative study was conducted in March 2016 in Wolaita Zone, Southern Ethiopia...
May 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538320/the-effects-of-a-heel-wedge-on-hip-pelvis-and-trunk-biomechanics-during-squatting-in-resistance-trained-individuals
#2
Jesse M Charlton, Connor A Hammond, Christopher K Cochrane, Gillian L Hatfield, Michael A Hunt
Charlton, JM, Hammond, CA, Cochrane, CK, Hatfield, GL, and Hunt, MA. The effects of a heel wedge on hip, pelvis, and trunk biomechanics during squatting in resistance trained individuals. J Strength Cond Res 31(6): 1678-1687, 2017-Barbell back squats are a popular exercise for developing lower extremity strength and power. However, this exercise has potential injury risks, particularly to the lumbar spine, pelvis, and hip joint. Previous literature suggests heel wedges as a means of favorably adjusting trunk and pelvis kinematics with the intention of reducing such injury risks...
June 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521518/3d-characterisation-of-the-dynamics-of-foot-joints-of-adults-during-walking-gait-pattern-identification
#3
E Sanchis-Sales, J L Sancho-Bru, A Roda-Sales, J Pascual-Huerta
A detailed description of the kinematics and kinetics of the ankle, midtarsal and metatarsophalangeal joints of the feet of a healthy adult male population during barefoot walking is provided. Plots of the angles and moments in each plane during the stance phase are reported, along with the mean and standard deviation values of 87 different parameters that characterise the 3D dynamics of the foot joints. These parameters were used to check for similarities between subjects through a hierarchical analysis that allowed three different gait patterns to be identified, most of the differences corresponding to the frontal and transverse planes...
May 19, 2017: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513880/unstable-rocker-shoes-promote-recovery-from-marathon-induced-muscle-damage-in-novice-runners
#4
Kento Nakagawa, Takayuki Inami, Takahisa Yonezu, Yuta Kenmotsu, Takaya Narita, Yasuo Kawakami, Kazuyuki Kanosue
We recently reported that wearing unstable rocker shoes (Masai Barefoot Technology: MBT) may enhance recovery from marathon race induced fatigue. However, this earlier study only utilized a questionnaire. In the present study, we evaluated MBT utilizing objective physiological measures of recovery from marathon induced muscle damages. Twenty-five university student novice runners were divided into two groups. After running a full marathon, one group wore MBT shoes (MBT group), and the control group (CON) wore ordinary shoes daily for one week following the race...
May 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503539/differences-in-pes-planus-and-pes-cavus-subtalar-eversion-inversion-before-and-after-prolonged-running-using-a-two-dimensional-digital-analysis
#5
Charlotte Sinclair, Ulla Svantesson, Rita Sjöström, Marie Alricsson
In sports, there is a constant discussion about the hyper-pronation and supination of the foot during loading and its relation to injuries or discomfort. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the possible differences in the subtalar joint in the midstance phase of running, between individuals with Pes Planus and Pes Cavus, after 5 min and 45 min of running. Thirty-four subjects, meeting the requirements for Pes Planus (30 feet) and Pes Cavus (35 feet), according to the criteria for Medial Longitudinal Arch-angle, were included in the study...
April 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495045/deterioration-in-gait-and-functional-ambulation-in-children-and-adolescents-with-charcot-marie-tooth-disease-over-12-months
#6
Rachel Kennedy, Kate Carroll, Kade L Paterson, Monique M Ryan, Jennifer L McGinley
Children and adolescents with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) report problems with gait. Little is known about gait changes over time in children with this degenerative disease. This prospective longitudinal study investigated change in spatio-temporal gait parameters and functional ambulation. Two assessments were conducted 12 months apart. Assessments included: barefoot gait on an electronic walkway; functional ambulation with a six minute walk test and the Functional Mobility Scale; and disease severity with the CMT Pediatric Scale...
April 19, 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493920/haemolytic-activity-of-soil-from-areas-of-varying-podoconiosis-endemicity-in-ethiopia
#7
Jennifer S Le Blond, Peter J Baxter, Dhimiter Bello, Jennifer Raftis, Yordanos B Molla, Javier Cuadros, Gail Davey
BACKGROUND: Podoconiosis, non-filarial elephantiasis, is a non-infectious disease found in tropical regions such as Ethiopia, localized in highland areas with volcanic soils cultivated by barefoot subsistence farmers. It is thought that soil particles can pass through the soles of the feet and taken up by the lymphatic system, leading to the characteristic chronic oedema of the lower legs that becomes disfiguring and disabling over time. METHODS: The close association of the disease with volcanic soils led us to investigate the characteristics of soil samples in an endemic area in Ethiopia to identify the potential causal constituents...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486863/the-influence-of-the-use-of-ankle-foot-orthoses-on-thorax-spine-and-pelvis-kinematics-during-walking-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#8
Eva Swinnen, Jean-Pierre Baeyens, Benjamin Van Mulders, Julian Verspecht, Marc Degelaen
BACKGROUND: To improve gait function in children with cerebral palsy, ankle-foot orthoses are often prescribed. However, until now, little attention has been devoted to the effect of ankle-foot orthoses on the postural control during walking in children with cerebral palsy. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to compare the differences in thorax, spine, and pelvis movements in children with cerebral palsy during walking barefoot and walking with ankle-foot orthoses. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical study with an intra subject design...
May 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486847/the-effects-of-common-footwear-on-stance-phase-mechanical-properties-of-the-prosthetic-foot-shoe-system
#9
Matthew J Major, Joel Scham, Michael Orendurff
BACKGROUND: Prosthetic feet are prescribed based on their mechanical function and user functional level. Subtle changes to the stiffness and hysteresis of heel, midfoot, and forefoot regions can influence the dynamics and economy of gait in prosthesis users. However, the user's choice of shoes may alter the prosthetic foot-shoe system mechanical characteristics, compromising carefully prescribed and rigorously engineered performance of feet. OBJECTIVES: Observe the effects of footwear on the mechanical properties of the prosthetic foot-shoe system including commonly prescribed prosthetic feet...
May 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483559/effect-of-taping-on-multi-segmental-foot-kinematic-patterns-during-walking-in-persons-with-chronic-ankle-instability
#10
Bart Dingenen, Kevin Deschamps, Frauke Delchambre, Evelien Van Peer, Filip F Staes, Giovanni A Matricali
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate multi-segmental foot kinematic patterns in chronic ankle instability (CAI) participants during walking, and to investigate the influence of high-Dye and low-Dye taping on these kinematic patterns. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Kinematic data of 12 non-injured controls and 15 CAI participants were measured with a three-dimensional motion analysis system during barefoot walking. In addition, the CAI participants walked with high-Dye and low-Dye taping...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482203/transition-from-shod-to-barefoot-alters-dynamic-stability-during-running
#11
Antonis Ekizos, Alessandro Santuz, Adamantios Arampatzis
INTRODUCTION: Barefoot running recently received increased attention, with controversial results regarding its effects on injury risk and performance. Numerous studies examined the kinetic and kinematic changes between the shod and the barefoot condition. Intrinsic parameters such as the local dynamic stability could provide new insight regarding neuromuscular control when immediately transitioning from one running condition to the other. We investigated the local dynamic stability during the change from shod to barefoot running...
April 27, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460179/manipulation-of-foot-strike-and-footwear-increases-achilles-tendon-loading-during-running
#12
Hannah Rice, Mubarak Patel
BACKGROUND: The Achilles tendon is the most common site of tendon overuse injury in humans. Running with a forefoot strike pattern and in minimal shoes is a topic of recent interest, yet evidence is currently limited regarding the combined influence of foot strike and footwear on Achilles tendon loading. PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of both foot strike and footwear on Achilles tendon loading in habitual rearfoot strike runners. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448898/kinematic-gait-pattern-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-and-leg-length-discrepancy-effects-of-an-extra-sole
#13
Meta N Eek, Roland Zügner, Ingibjörg Stefansdottir, Roy Tranberg
The gait pattern in children with cerebral palsy (CP) often differs from normal, with slow velocity, problem with foot clearance and increased stress on joints. Several factors, such as muscle tone, impaired motor control, muscle contractures, skeletal deformities and leg length discrepancy affect gait. Leg length discrepancy can be treated surgically or with elevation of the shoe on the short leg. The purpose of this study was to examine whether compensating for leg length discrepancy, with elevation of the sole, leads to a change in movement pattern during walking in children with spastic CP...
April 17, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443251/partial-heel-pad-avulsion-with-open-calcaneal-tuberosity-fracture-with-tendo-achilles-rupture-a-case-report
#14
Shameem Ahmed, Syed Ifthekar, R Pathan Rameez Ahmed Khan, Rahul Ranjan
INTRODUCTION: The management of heel pad avulsion injuries has been challenging because of the precarious blood supply. The difficulties get compounded when it is associated with tendo-achilles rupture and calcaneal fracture. Here, it is a description of a case with the above features managed with a unique technique. CASE REPORT: A 63-year-old woman presented to casualty with injury to right ankle after a road traffic accident. On clinical and radiological examination, there was avulsion of heel pad with calcaneal tuberosity fracture and tendo-achilles rupture...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423015/correction-16-weeks-of-progressive-barefoot-running-training-changes-impact-force-and-muscle-activation-in-habitual-shod-runners
#15
Ana Paula da Silva Azevedo, Bruno Mezêncio, Alberto Carlos Amadio, Julio Cerca Serrão
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0167234.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419809/knee-biomechanics-during-jogging-after-arthroscopic-partial-meniscectomy-a-longitudinal-study
#16
Michelle Hall, Tim V Wrigley, Ben R Metcalf, Rana S Hinman, Flavia M Cicuttini, Alasdair R Dempsey, David G Lloyd, Kim L Bennell
BACKGROUND: Altered knee joint biomechanics is thought to play a role in the pathogenesis of knee osteoarthritis and has been reported in patients after arthroscopic partial meniscectomy (APM) while performing various activities. Longitudinally, understanding knee joint biomechanics during jogging may assist future studies to assess the implications of jogging on knee joint health in this population. PURPOSE: To investigate knee joint biomechanics during jogging in patients 3 months after APM and a healthy control group at baseline and 2 years later at follow-up...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417667/immediate-and-short-term-biomechanical-adaptation-of-habitual-barefoot-runners-who-start-shod-running
#17
Ivan P H Au, Fannie O Y Lau, Winko W An, Janet H Zhang, Tony L Chen, Roy T H Cheung
This study investigated the immediate and short-term effects of minimalist shoes (MS) and traditional running shoes (TRS) on vertical loading rates, foot strike pattern and lower limb kinematics in a group of habitual barefoot runners. Twelve habitual barefoot runners were randomly given a pair of MS or TRS and were asked to run with the prescribed shoes for 1 month. Outcome variables were obtained before, immediate after and 1 month after shoe prescription. Average and instantaneous vertical loading rates at the 1-month follow-up were significantly higher than that at the pre-shod session (P < 0...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408141/the-effects-of-heel-height-on-head-position-long-term-average-spectra-and-perceptions-of-female-singers
#18
Amelia A Rollings
Female singers often wear high heels for auditions and performances. Heel height research in non-singing contexts indicates that wearing heels can affect body alignment and head position. Studies in orthodontics, sleep apnea, and voice science suggest that head and neck positioning can alter the vocal tract. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects, if any, of heel height (barefoot, 10.16-cm stilettos) on three angles of singer head position (calculated from C7-tragus-nasion), long-term average spectra data, and perceptual data (questionnaire) acquired from female (N = 30) soloists during alternating periods of silence and singing...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407504/high-heeled-walking-decreases-lumbar-lordosis
#19
Edeny Baaklini, Michael Angst, Florian Schellenberg, Marina Hitz, Stefan Schmid, Amir Tal, William R Taylor, Silvio Lorenzetti
An estimated 78% of women regularly walk in high heels. However, up to 58% complain about low back pain, which is commonly thought to be caused by increased lumbar lordosis. However, the extent to which a subject's posture is modified by high-heeled shoes during dynamic activities remains unknown. Therefore, we sought to evaluate whether low- or high-heeled shoes influence the kinematics of the pelvis and the spine during walking. Twenty-three inexperienced women, and seventeen women experienced in wearing high-heeled shoes, all aged 20-55 years, were measured barefoot and while wearing low- (4cm) and high-heeled (10cm) shoes during gait at a self-selected speed...
March 31, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388780/effect-of-footwear-on-dynamic-stability-during-single-leg-jump-landings
#20
Bradley J Bowser, William C Rose, Robert McGrath, Jilian Salerno, Joshua Wallace, Irene S Davis
Barefoot and minimal footwear running has led to greater interest in the biomechanical effects of different types of footwear. The effect of running footwear on dynamic stability is not well understood. The purpose of this study was to compare dynamic stability and impact loading across 3 footwear conditions; barefoot, minimal footwear and standard running shoes. 25 injury free runners (21 male, 4 female) completed 5 single-leg jump landings in each footwear condition. Dynamic stability was assessed using the dynamic postural stability index and its directional components (mediolateral, anteroposterior, vertical)...
April 7, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
keyword
keyword
4257
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"