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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325673/lower-limb-dynamics-and-clinical-outcomes-for-habitually-shod-runners-who-transition-to-barefoot-running
#1
Rami Hashish, Sachithra D Samarawickrame, Susan Sigward, Stanley P Azen, George J Salem
OBJECTIVES: Recent investigations have revealed lower vertical loading rates and knee energy absorption amongst experienced barefoot runners relative to those who rear-foot strike (RFS). Although this has led to an adoption of barefoot running amongst many recreational shoe runners, recent investigations indicate that the experienced barefoot pattern is not immediately realized. Therefore, the purpose this investigation was to quantify changes in lower-extremity dynamics and clinical outcomes measures for habitually shod runners who perform a transition to barefoot running...
December 10, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290254/primary-health-care-in-china-is-china-s-health-reform-reform-for-the-whole-nation
#2
Jing-Min Cheng, Yong-Xu Yuan, Wei Lu, Le Yang
BACKGROUND: Good primary health care can enhance national health status at relatively low cost. The barefoot doctor model in China was once considered to have been a successful health care policy. It was a model which was followed by other low-developed or developing countries. In recent decades, the Chinese government promulgated a number of new policies and health reforms to improve its health care system. AIM: This paper aimed to highlight the great significance of primary health care and appeal to the policymakers to change the priority to primary health care in order to be able to guarantee universal health care for the whole nation at least at primary care level...
March 14, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283015/-cutaneous-larva-migrans-in-turkey-an-imported-case-report
#3
Meliha Çağla Sönmezer, Şebnem Erdinç, Necla Tülek, Cahit Babür, Ayşe Büyükdemirci, Tuba İlgar, Günay Ertem
Cutaneous larva migrans (CLM) is a parasitic infection most commonly found in tropical and subtropical areas. However, with the ease and increase of foreign travel to many countries around the world, the infection is not limited to these areas. CLM is an erythematous, serpiginous infection with skin eruption caused by percutaneous penetration of the larvae to the skin. In this report, a case diagnosed as imported CLM after an Amazon trip and treated with albendazole was presented. A 36 year-old male patient admitted to infectious diseases clinic with intense itching, erythematous, raised, streaklike serpiginious eruptionand some redness at bilateral foot especially at the right foot for about one week...
January 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277405/the-preferred-movement-path-paradigm-influence-of-running-shoes-on-joint-movement
#4
Benno M Nigg, Jordyn Vienneau, Aimée C Smith, Matthieu B Trudeau, Maurice Mohr, Sandro R Nigg
PURPOSE: (a) to quantify differences in lower extremity joint kinematics for groups of runners subjected to different running footwear conditions, and (b) to quantify differences in lower extremity joint kinematics on an individual basis for runners subjected to different running footwear conditions. METHODS: Three-dimensional ankle and knee joint kinematics were collected for 35 heel-toe runners when wearing three different running shoes and when running barefoot...
March 8, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271943/the-effects-of-talus-control-foot-orthoses-in-children-with-flexible-flatfoot
#5
So Young Ahn, Soo Kyung Bok, Bong Ok Kim, In Sik Park
BACKGROUND: A talus control foot orthosis (TCFO) combines an inverted rigid foot orthosis (RFO) with a broad upright portion that rises well above the navicular to cover and protect the talonavicular joint. We sought to identify the therapeutic effect of TCFOs in children with flexible flatfoot. METHODS: Flexible flatfoot was diagnosed in 40 children when either of the feet had greater than 4° valgus of resting calcaneal stance position (RCSP) angle and one of the radiographic indicators was greater than 30° in anteroposterior talocalcaneal angles, 45° in lateral talocalcaneal angles, and 4° in lateral talometatarsal angles and less than 10° of calcaneal pitch in barefoot radiographs...
January 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271930/plantar-static-pressure-distribution-in-normal-feet-using-cotton-socks-with-different-structures
#6
Zeynab Soltanzadeh, Saeed Shaikhzadeh Najar, Mohammad Haghpanahi, Mohammd Reza Mohajeri-Tehrani
BACKGROUND: The major goal of investigating plantar pressure in patients with pain or those at risk for skin injury is to reduce pressure under prominent metatarsal heads, especially the first and second metatarsals. In research, the insole is used to reduce plantar pressure by increasing the contact area in the midfoot region, which, in turn, induces an uncomfortable feeling near the arch during walking. It is deduced that sock structure can redistribute plantar pressure distribution...
January 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265174/effect-of-floating-toes-on-knee-and-trunk-acceleration-during-walking-a-preliminary-study
#7
Daisuke Uritani, Chinatsu Sakamoto, Takahiko Fukumoto
[Purpose] This study investigated the effect of floating toes on knee and trunk acceleration during walking in experimental setting. [Subjects and Methods] Twelve healthy volunteers walked barefoot at a preferred speed along a linear pathway under 2 conditions: normal gait (control) condition and floating toes (FT) condition. In the latter, weight bearing by the toes was avoided using kinesiology tape applied along the toe extensors. Accelerations of the knee (Kn) and lumbar spine (Lx) were assessed using triaxial accelerometers mounted on the right fibular head and the spinous process of L3...
February 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257426/effects-of-different-medial-arch-support-heights-on-rearfoot-kinematics
#8
Gunnar Wahmkow, Michael Cassel, Frank Mayer, Heiner Baur
BACKGROUND: Foot orthoses are usually assumed to be effective by optimizing mechanically dynamic rearfoot configuration. However, the effect from a foot orthosis on kinematics that has been demonstrated scientifically has only been marginal. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of different heights in medial arch-supported foot orthoses on rear foot motion during gait. METHODS: Nineteen asymptomatic runners (36±11years, 180±5cm, 79±10kg; 41±22km/week) participated in the study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248528/women-s-health-care-the-experiences-and-behaviors-of-rural-and-urban-lesbians-in-the-usa
#9
K Nikki Barefoot, Jacob C Warren, K Bryant Smalley
INTRODUCTION: Previous research has consistently demonstrated that, in comparison to their cisgender heterosexual counterparts, lesbians face a multitude of women's healthcare-related disparities. However, very little research has been conducted that takes an intersectionality approach to examining the potential influences of rural-urban location on the health-related needs and experiences of lesbians. The purpose of this study was to quantitatively compare rural and urban lesbians' access to women's health care, experiences with women's healthcare providers (WHCPs), and preventive behavior using a large, diverse sample of lesbians from across the USA...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222565/carbon-modular-orthosis-ca-m-o-an%C3%A2-innovative-hybrid-modular-ankle-foot-orthosis-to-tune-the-variable-rehabilitation-needs-in-hemiplegic-cerebral-palsy
#10
E Tavernese, M Petrarca, G Rosellini, E Di Stanislao, A Pisano, G Di Rosa, E Castelli
BACKGROUND: Hemiplegic Celebral Palsy (CP) children commonly use AFO orthoses as walking aids. It is known that AFOs may have a detrimental effect on gait. To enhance mechanical properties of AFOs we developed an innovative, custom-made, carbon, ankle-foot orthosis (Ca.M.O) which offers the opportunity to tune its response to the patient's gait characteristics and/or functional maturity. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of Ca.M.O. in improving gait in a group of hemiplegic CP children and to compare its performances with those of commonly prescribed AFO...
February 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222048/comparison-of-running-economy-values-while-wearing-no-shoes-minimal-shoes-and-normal-running-shoes
#11
Robbie G Cochrum, Ryan T Connors, John M Coons, Dana K Fuller, Don W Morgan, Jennifer L Caputo
Cochrum, RG, Connors, RT, Coons, JM, Fuller, DK, Morgan, DW, and Caputo, JL. Comparison of running economy values while wearing no shoes, minimal shoes, and normal running shoes. J Strength Cond Res 31(3): 595-601, 2017-The purpose of this study was to quantify differences in running economy (RE) at 50 and 70% of each subject's velocity at V[Combining Dot Above]O2max (vV[Combining Dot Above]O2max) across barefoot and 2 mass, stack height, and heel-to-toe-drop controlled footwear conditions (minimal shoes and normal running shoes) in 9 recreational distance runners (mean age 26...
March 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219845/gait-ground-reaction-force-characteristics-in-deaf-and-hearing-children
#12
Amir Ali Jafarnezhadgero, Mahdi Majlesi, Elaheh Azadian
The link between gait parameters and hearing loss is not well understood. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of the gait ground reaction forces, their time to peak, vertical loading rate, impulses and free moment during gait in deaf and hearing children. Thirty male children were equally divided into a healthy group and a group with hearing loss problems (Deaf group). Ground reaction forces were analyzed during barefoot walking. MANOVA test was used for between group comparisons. The significance level was set at p<0...
February 14, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178773/postural-control-of-individuals-with-chronic-stroke-compared-to-healthy-participants-tug-frt-and-center-of-pressure-movement
#13
Sigal Portnoy, Shlomit Reif, Tom Mendelboim, Debbie Rand
BACKGROUND: Balance impairments are common following stroke, and may lead to loss of independent functional mobility and falls. Previous studies strived to come up with precise measures of postural control, which will provide a better prognostic power for the health status and safety of the individual. To date, the degree of difference in postural control measures between individuals with chronic stroke and healthy participants is not reported. Also there are no reported correlations between these measures and the Timed-Up-and-Go (TUG) and the Functional Reach Test (FRT)...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174473/calf-muscle-activity-alteration-with-foot-orthoses-insertion-during-walking-measured-by-fine-wire-electromyography
#14
Hiroshi Akuzawa, Atsushi Imai, Satoshi Iizuka, Naoto Matsunaga, Koji Kaneoka
[Purpose] The purpose of the study was to assess the muscle activity change of the tibialis posterior, flexor digitorum longus, and peroneus longus during gait with orthoses. [Subjects and Methods] Sixteen healthy males participated in this study. Activity of each muscle was measured by using fine-wire and surface electromyography. Gait task was performed by the participants barefoot, with footwear and with orthoses. The electromyography data from a stance phase of each gait trial were used for analysis. The stance phase was divided into contact, midstance, and propulsion phases...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167387/hip-joint-mechanics-during-walking-in-individuals-with-mild-to-moderate-hip-osteoarthritis
#15
Maria Constantinou, Aderson Loureiro, Christopher Carty, Peter Mills, Rod Barrett
The purpose of this case-control study was to characterise hip joint kinematics and moments during gait in people with mild-to-moderate hip osteoarthritis (OA). Eligible participants were allocated to the hip OA group (n=27) or the age-matched control group (n=26) based on radiographic and symptomatically defined inclusion criteria. Participants walked barefoot along a 10-m walkway at their self-selected gait speed. Trajectories of 43 markers attached to the trunk, pelvis, upper and lower limbs were recorded using a 12-camera motion capture system...
January 24, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157573/foot-segmental-mobility-during-subphases-of-running-comparative-study-between-two-striking-patterns
#16
Helen Peters, Kevin Deschamps, Giovanni Arnoldo Matricali, Filip Staes
OBJECTIVES: The literature lacks comparative data regarding foot segmental mobility in rearfoot (RFS) and midfoot striking (MFS) patterns. The aim of the study is to quantify the foot segmental mobility during distinct subphases of stance in presence of both striking patterns. METHODS: Twelve participants were instructed to run barefoot at a constant speed of 3.3m/s on a 10-m walkway, while adopting a RFS and a MFS pattern. Multi-segment foot mobility during the impact phase, the absorption phase and the generation phase was subsequently calculated and compared between both conditions...
January 16, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152452/upper-extremity-motion-during-gait-in-adolescents-with-structural-leg-length-discrepancy-an-exploratory-study
#17
Fabiola Angelico, Marie Freslier, Jacqueline Romkes, Reinald Brunner, Stefan Schmid
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Depending on the extent of a structural leg length discrepancy (LLD), several compensatory mechanisms take place in order to maintain function and to optimize energy consumption during gait. However, studies describing the influence of a structural LLD on upper limb motion are lacking. The current study therefore aimed at the evaluation of upper limb motion during gait in LLD patients compared to healthy controls. METHODS: Motion capture data from 14 patients with structural LLD and 15 healthy controls that were collected during barefoot walking at a self-selected speed were retrospectively analyzed...
January 4, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101944/biomechanical-implications-of-walking-with-indigenous-footwear
#18
Catherine Willems, Gaetane Stassijns, Wim Cornelis, Kristiaan D'Août
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates biomechanical implications of walking with indigenous "Kolhapuri" footwear compared to barefoot walking among a population of South Indians. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten healthy adults from South India walked barefoot and indigenously shod at voluntary speed on an artificial substrate. The experiment was repeated outside, on a natural substrate. Data were collected from (1) a heel-mounted 3D-accelerometer recording peak impact at heel contact, (2) an ankle-mounted 3D-goniometer (plantar/dorsiflexion and inversion/eversion), and (3) sEMG electrodes at the m...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095763/effect-of-socks-structures-on-plantar-dynamic-pressure-distribution
#19
Zeynab Soltanzadeh, Saeed Shaikhzadeh Najar, M Haghpanahi, M R Mohajeri-Tehrani
A major purpose of investigating the plantar pressure in patients with pain or those at risk for skin injury is to reduce the pressure below metatarsal heads, specially first and second metatarsal heads. The aim of this article is to evaluate the effects of the socks structures on the changes in plantar dynamic pressure. In this study, seven socks types with different structures for the sole area were produced. The Gaitview(®) AFA-50 system, a force plate, was used to measure the plantar dynamic pressure of 10 participants...
November 2016: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088678/three-dimensional-lumbar-segment-movement-characteristics-during-paediatric-cerebral-palsy-gait
#20
D Kiernan, A Malone, T O'Brien, C K Simms
Kinematic analysis of the trunk during cerebral palsy (CP) gait has been well described. In contrast, movement of the lumbar spine is generally ignored. This is most likely due to the complex nature of the spine. As an alternative to using complex sensor protocols, this study modelled the lumbar region as a single segment and investigated characteristic patterns of movement during CP gait. In addition, the impact of functional level of impairment and the relationship with lower lumbar spinal loading were examined...
January 3, 2017: Gait & Posture
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