keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Alcohol and enzyme

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217908/a-novel-method-for-pain-relief-in-chronic-pancreatitis-an-old-drug-in-a-new-pack-a-controlled-study
#1
Aswini Kumar Pujahari
Most of pain-relieving agents in chronic pancreatitis are nonspecific and unpredictable. Omeprazole induces hypergastrinemia due to reduced gastric acidity. Raised serum gastrin, in turn, modulates to reduce secretin level. Secretin is responsible for secretion of almost 80 % bicarbonate-rich pancreatic juice from the ductular epithelium without affecting enzyme output. It is a prospective randomized study in patients with CT-confirmed chronic pancreatitis. The control group got the standard care and 60 mg of omeprazole twice daily was added to the test group...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214926/aerobic-training-performed-at-ventilatory-threshold-improves-liver-enzymes-and-lipid-profile-related-to-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-adolescents-with-obesity
#2
Camila Tc de Lira, Marcos Am Dos Santos, Priscyla P Gomes, Yara L Fidelix, Ana Co Dos Santos, Thiago Rs Tenório, Mara C Lofrano-Prado, Wagner L do Prado
BACKGROUND: Despite the positive effects of high-intensity training on weight management and health-related outcomes, it is postulated that high-intensity training may also induce oxidative stress, increasing hepatic damage. AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of low versus high-intensity training on biomarkers related to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in adolescents with obesity. METHODS: For this study 107 adolescents (15 ± 1 years) with obesity (BMI = 34...
December 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210644/carboxylesterase-inhibitors-an-update
#3
Li-Wei Zou, Qiang Jin, Dan-Dan Wang, Qing-Kai Qian, Da-Cheng Hao, Guang-Bo Ge, Ling Yang
Mammalian carboxylesterases are key serine hydrolases that catalyze the hydrolysis of a wide variety of ester compounds into the corresponding carboxylic acids and alcohols. In human, two major carboxylesterases, CES1 and CES2, have been identified and well-studied over the past decade. CES1 inhibitors have potential applications in the treatment of hypertriglyceridaemia, obesity and type 2 diabetes, owing to that this enzyme plays prominent role in the metabolism of cholesteryl esters. CES2 plays crucial roles in the metabolic activation of many prodrugs including anticancer agents capecitabine and CPT-11...
December 4, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209433/novel-insights-into-epigenetic-drivers-of-oropharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-role-of-hpv-and-lifestyle-factors
#4
REVIEW
Paolo Boscolo-Rizzo, Carlo Furlan, Valentina Lupato, Jerry Polesel, Elisabetta Fratta
In the last years, the explosion of high throughput sequencing technologies has enabled epigenome-wide analyses, allowing a more comprehensive overview of the oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) epigenetic landscape. In this setting, the cellular pathways contributing to the neoplastic phenotype, including cell cycle regulation, cell signaling, DNA repair, and apoptosis have been demonstrated to be potential targets of epigenetic alterations in OPSCC. Of note, it has becoming increasingly clear that HPV infection and OPSCC lifestyle risk factors differently drive the epigenetic machinery in cancer cells...
2017: Clinical Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207447/mercury-exposure-in-association-with-decrease-of-liver-function-in-adults-a-longitudinal-study
#5
Jonghyuk Choi, Sanghyuk Bae, Hyungryul Lim, Ji-Ae Lim, Yong-Han Lee, Mina Ha, Ho-Jang Kwon
Objectives: Although mercury (Hg) exposure is known to be neurotoxic in humans, its effects on liver function have been less often reported. The aim of this study was to investigate whether total Hg exposure in Korean adults was associated with elevated serum levels of the liver enzymes aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), and gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT). Methods: We repeatedly examined the levels of total Hg and liver enzymes in the blood of 508 adults during 2010-2011 and 2014-2015...
November 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206836/where-should-the-safe-limits-of-alcohol-consumption-stand-in-light-of-liver-enzyme-abnormalities-in-alcohol-consumers
#6
Onni Niemelä, Markus Niemelä, Risto Bloigu, Mauri Aalto, Tiina Laatikainen
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence and risk factors for abnormal liver enzymes in a large age- and gender stratified population-based sample of apparently healthy individuals with or without alcohol consumption and other health-related risk factors (adiposity, physical inactivity, smoking). METHODS: Data on alcohol use, smoking, diet and physical activity were recorded using structured questionnaires from 13,976 subjects (6513 men, 7463 women, aged 25-74 years) in the national FINRISK studies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203714/exercise-heat-shock-proteins-and-insulin-resistance
#7
REVIEW
Ashley E Archer, Alex T Von Schulze, Paige C Geiger
Best known as chaperones, heat shock proteins (HSPs) also have roles in cell signalling and regulation of metabolism. Rodent studies demonstrate that heat treatment, transgenic overexpression and pharmacological induction of HSP72 prevent high-fat diet-induced glucose intolerance and skeletal muscle insulin resistance. Overexpression of skeletal muscle HSP72 in mice has been shown to increase endurance running capacity nearly twofold and increase mitochondrial content by 50%. A positive correlation between HSP72 mRNA expression and mitochondrial enzyme activity has been observed in human skeletal muscle, and HSP72 expression is markedly decreased in skeletal muscle of insulin resistant and type 2 diabetic patients...
January 19, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202474/adhfe1-is-a-breast-cancer-oncogene-and-induces-metabolic-reprogramming
#8
Prachi Mishra, Wei Tang, Vasanta Putluri, Tiffany H Dorsey, Feng Jin, Fang Wang, Donewei Zhu, Lauren Amable, Tao Deng, Shaofei Zhang, J Keith Killian, Yonghong Wang, Tsion Z Minas, Harry G Yfantis, Dong H Lee, Arun Sreekumar, Michael Bustin, Wei Liu, Nagireddy Putluri, Stefan Ambs
Metabolic reprogramming in breast tumors is linked to increases in putative oncogenic metabolites that may contribute to malignant transformation. We previously showed that accumulation of the oncometabolite, 2-hydroxyglutarate (2HG), in breast tumors was associated with MYC signaling, but not with isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) mutations, suggesting a distinct mechanism for increased 2HG in breast cancer. Here, we determined that D-2HG is the predominant enantiomer in human breast tumors and show that the D-2HG-producing mitochondrial enzyme, alcohol dehydrogenase, iron-containing protein 1 (ADHFE1), is a breast cancer oncogene that decreases patient survival...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201931/colchicine-induced-hepatotoxicity
#9
Collette E Abbott, Ruliang Xu, Samuel H Sigal
Drug-induced injury (DILI) is a frequent cause of abnormal liver tests and a leading cause of liver failure in the United States. Colchicine has long been used as a systemic anti-inflammatory agent for treatment of gout by inhibiting mitotic activity and neutrophil function. We present the first case of colchicine-induced hepatoxicity, supported by histopathologic findings characteristic of colchicine-induced injury and resolution of liver enzyme abnormalities after its discontinuation. Colchicine-associated DILI has implications for the evaluation of patients with abnormal liver tests and gout, especially for patients with alcoholism and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, in whom there is an increased incidence of gout...
2017: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201200/effect-of-a-stilbene-glycoside-rich-extract-from-polygoni-multiflori-radix-on-experimental-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-based-on-principal-component-and-orthogonal-partial-least-squares-discriminant-analysis
#10
Zhaohuan Lou, Bohou Xia, Jie Su, Jingjing Yu, Meiqiu Yan, Yuefang Huang, Guiyuan Lv
Polygoni Multiflori Radix is a traditional Chinese medicine used clinically to support the functions of the liver and kidneys and to treatment hyperlipidemia. In previous studies, an effective fraction, rich in 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxy stilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside (TSG), was separated from Polygoni Multiflori Radix and demonstrated hypolipidemic activity. The present study aimed to systematically assess the effect of this fraction on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). A NAFLD model was established by feeding Sprague-Dawley rats a high-fat diet with 10% fructose solution for 18 weeks...
November 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200737/hispidulin-7-o-neohesperidoside-from-cirsium-japonicum-var-ussuriense-attenuates-the-production-of-inflammatory-mediators-in-lps-induced-raw-264-7-cells-and-ht-29-cells
#11
Jong Cheol Park, Hyunji Yoo, Cho Een Kim, Sun-Yup Shim, Mina Lee
Background: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is characterized by chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract and involves secretion of inflammatory mediators. The flavone diglycoside hispidulin-7-O-neohesperidoside (HN) isolated from the methanolic extract of aerial parts of Cirsium japonicum var. ussuriense, but its pharmacologic activities, with the exception of alleviation of alcohol toxicity, have not been investigated to date. Objective: The aim of the present study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory activities of HN for the treatment of chronic inflammatory illnesses, including IBD...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199127/one-pot-fabrication-of-chitin-shellac-composite-microspheres-for-efficient-enzyme-immobilization
#12
Shuang Mei, Pingping Han, Hong Wu, Jiafu Shi, Lei Tang, Zhongyi Jiang
In this study, all-natural composite microspheres were fabricated through adding shellac into chitin solution followed by self-assembly via thermally-induced phase separation. The pore structure of the composite microspheres was altered into wedge-shape from ink-bottle-shape of the chitin microspheres, whereas, the crystalline structure of these two kinds of microspheres remained unaltered. The as-fabricated chitin-shellac composite microspheres were used for enzyme immobilization through adsorption. And yeast alcohol dehydrogenase (YADH) was chosen as the model enzyme, which is a multimer consisting of 4 subunits...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199103/diversion-of-the-long-chain-acyl-acp-pool-in-synechocystis-to-fatty-alcohols-through-crispri-repression-of-the-essential-phosphate-acyltransferase-plsx
#13
Danuta Kaczmarzyk, Ivana Cengic, Lun Yao, Elton P Hudson
Fatty alcohol production in Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 was achieved through heterologous expression of the fatty acyl-CoA/ACP reductase Maqu2220 from the bacteria Marinobacter aquaeolei VT8 and the fatty acyl-ACP reductase DPW from the rice Oryza sativa. These platform strains became models for testing multiplex CRISPR-interference (CRISPRi) metabolic engineering strategies to both improve fatty alcohol production and to study membrane homeostasis. CRISPRi allowed partial repression of up to six genes simultaneously, each encoding enzymes of acyl-ACP-consuming pathways...
November 30, 2017: Metabolic Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196931/metabolic-syndrome-and-bone-pharmacologically-induced-diabetes-has-deleterious-effect-on-bone-in-growing-obese-rats
#14
Cedo M Bagi, Kristin Edwards, Edwin Berryman
Metabolic syndrome and osteoporosis share similar risk factors. Also, patients with diabetes have a higher risk of osteoporosis and fracture. Liver manifestations, such as non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), of metabolic syndrome are further aggravated in diabetics and often lead to liver failure. Our objective was to create a rat model of human metabolic syndrome and determine the long-term impact of early-onset T1D on bone structure and strength in obese growing rats. Male rats were given either standard chow and RO water (Controls) or a high-fat, high-cholesterol diet and sugar water containing 55% fructose and 45% glucose (HFD)...
December 1, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196001/allium-tuberosum-antidiabetic-and-hepatoprotective-activities
#15
Xingli Tang, Opeyemi J Olatunji, Yifeng Zhou, Xilin Hou
Allium tuberosum (AT) is traditionally used for treating nocturnal emissions, abdominal pain, diarrhea, sexual dysfunction and asthma. This study aimed at investigating the antidiabetic and hepatoprotective activities of the butyl alcohol fraction from the methanolic extract of A. tuberosum. For the antidiabetic activity, rats were induced with diabetes by intraperitoneal injection of 150mg/kg alloxan and treated for 30days with AT extract (100, 200 and 400mg/kg). Animals were sacrificed after the study and the fasting blood glucose (FBG), triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), HDL, malondialdehyde (MDA) catalase, superoxide dismutase and glutathione levels were determined...
December 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190076/a-reversible-charge-induced-intramolecular-c4a-s-cysteinyl-flavin-in-choline-oxidase-variant-s101c
#16
Dan Su, Hongling Yuan, Giovanni Gadda
Choline oxidase serves as a paradigm for alcohol oxidation catalyzed by flavin-dependent enzymes. In its active site, S101 is 4 Å from the flavin C4a atom on an extended loop. Enzyme variants substituted at S101 were generated in a previous study and investigated mechanistically [Yuan, H., Gadda, G. (2011) Biochemistry 50, 770-779]. In this study, the typical UV-visible absorption spectrum of oxidized flavin was observed for the S101C enzyme in HEPES, TES or sodium phosphate, whereas an absorption spectrum suggesting the presence of a Ca4 flavin adduct with cysteine was obtained in Tris-Cl at pH 8...
November 30, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189974/association-of-sirt1-gene-polymorphism-and-its-expression-for-the-risk-of-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-the-han-population
#17
Yeting Hou, Bingzhong Su, Ping Chen, Haijing Niu, Sheng Zhao, Ruijun Wang, Wei Shen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations between SIRT1 polymorphisms and their expression in patients with alcoholic fatty liver disease (AFLD). METHODS: A total of 268 heavy drinkers were divided into the AFLD group (n = 176) and alcoholic control (n = 92) and 237 light-/non-drinkers into the NAFLD (non-AFLD) group (n = 117) and healthy control (n = 120). The genotyping of SIRT1 (rs33957861, rs11599176, rs12413112 and rs35689145) was detected by the Sequenom MassARRAY iPLEX test...
November 30, 2017: Hepatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189924/immobilization-in-polyvinyl-alcohol-hydrogel-enhances-yeast-storage-stability-and-reusability-of-recombinant-laccase-producing-s-cerevisiae
#18
Klára Herkommerová, Jana Zemančíková, Hana Sychrová, Zuzana Antošová
OBJECTIVES: To improve the storage stability and reusability of various yeast strains and species by immobilization in polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) hydrogel particles. RESULTS: Debaryomyces hansenii, Pichia sorbitophila, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Yarrowia lipolytica, and Zygosaccharomyces rouxii were immobilized in PVA particles using LentiKats technology and stored in sterile water at 4 °C. The immobilization improved the survival of all species; however, the highest storage stability was achieved for S...
November 30, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188595/ethanol-traces-in-natural-waters-checked-using-a-new-dmfc-enzymatic-device
#19
Mauro Tomassetti, Riccardo Angeloni, Mauro Castrucci, Giovanni Visco, Luigi Campanella
The use of fuels with strong percentage of ethanol that is done in countries such as Brazil and Australia causes a more and more relevant presence of traces of ethanol in natural waters. The ethanol present in these fuels seems to contribute to increase, through various mechanisms, the concentration of hydrocarbons in the same waters and soil. The ethanol content in natural waters must therefore be monitored frequently. It was therefore proposed a very simple innovative method, based on a catalytic fuel cell with the alcohol dehydrogenase enzyme immobilized in the anodic compartment of the device...
November 29, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188185/metabolic-engineering-of-schizosaccharomyces-pombe-via-crispr-cas9-genome-editing-for-lactic-acid-production-from-glucose-and-cellobiose
#20
Aiko Ozaki, Rie Konishi, Chisako Otomo, Mayumi Kishida, Seiya Takayama, Takuya Matsumoto, Tsutomu Tanaka, Akihiko Kondo
Modification of the Schizosaccharomyces pombe genome is often laborious, time consuming due to the lower efficiency of homologous recombination. Here, we constructed metabolically engineered S. pombe strains using a CRISPR-Cas9 system and also demonstrated D-lactic acid (D-LA) production from glucose and cellobiose. Genes encoding two separate pyruvate decarboxylases (PDCs), an L-lactic acid dehydrogenase (L-LDH), and a minor alcohol dehydrogenase (SPBC337.11) were disrupted, thereby attenuating ethanol production...
December 2017: Metabolic Engineering Communications
keyword
keyword
42566
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"