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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444695/exercise-therapy-for-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#1
REVIEW
Lillebeth Larun, Kjetil G Brurberg, Jan Odgaard-Jensen, Jonathan R Price
BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is characterised by persistent, medically unexplained fatigue, as well as symptoms such as musculoskeletal pain, sleep disturbance, headaches and impaired concentration and short-term memory. CFS presents as a common, debilitating and serious health problem. Treatment may include physical interventions, such as exercise therapy, which was last reviewed in 2004. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to determine the effects of exercise therapy (ET) for patients with CFS as compared with any other intervention or control...
April 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440672/definitions-and-participant-characteristics-of-frequent-recurrent-headache-types-in-clinical-trials-a-systematic-review
#2
Maria-Eliza R Aguila, Trudy Rebbeck, Kristofferson G Mendoza, Mary-Grace L De La Peña, Andrew M Leaver
Background Clear definitions of study populations in clinical trials may facilitate application of evidence to clinical populations. This review aimed to explore definitions of study populations in clinical trials on migraine, tension-type headache, cluster headache, and cervicogenic headache. Methods We performed a systematic review of clinical trials investigating treatment efficacy for migraine, tension-type headache, cluster headache, and cervicogenic headache. We extracted data on diagnosis, inclusion criteria and baseline headache characteristics...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437059/psychotic-and-bipolar-disorders-bipolar-disorder
#3
Sarah D Holder
Bipolar disorder is a severe chronic mental illness that affects a large number of individuals. This disorder is separated into two major types, bipolar I disorder, with mania and typically recurrent depression, and bipolar II disorder, with recurrent major depression and hypomania. Patients with bipolar disorder spend the majority of time experiencing depression, and this typically is the presenting symptom. Because outcomes are improved with earlier diagnosis and treatment, physicians should maintain a high index of suspicion for bipolar disorder...
April 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435116/chiari-malformation-type-1-a-systematic-review-of-natural-history-and-conservative-management
#4
REVIEW
Benjamin Langridge, Edward Phillips, David Choi
OBJECTIVE: Chiari type 1 malformations (CM-1) are variations of hind-brain development which can sometimes occur in asymptomatic individuals. Conventional treatment is surgical decompression, but little is known about the natural history of patients who do not undergo surgical management. Appreciation of this information is critical to determine how these patients should be managed. We conducted a systematic review of the literature to determine the natural history of CM-1 particularly in patients who did not undergo surgery, and in asymptomatic individuals, to help inform patients and doctors when surgery is likely to be beneficial...
April 20, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432757/headache-patients-satisfaction-with-telemedicine-a-12-month-follow-up-randomized-non-inferiority-trial
#5
K I Müller, K B Alstadhaug, S I Bekkelund
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We investigated non-acute headache patients' long-term satisfaction with a telemedicine consultation and consultation preferences in northern Norway. We hypothesized that patients were not less satisfied with telemedicine than traditional consultations. We also examined the influence of gender, age and education on satisfaction. METHODS: For 2.5 years, patients were consecutively screened, recruited and randomly assigned to telemedicine or traditional visits with a consultation at a neurological outpatient department...
April 21, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430293/three-cases-of-ectopic-sphenoid-sinus-pituitary-adenoma
#6
Ernest Jan Bobeff, Karol Wiśniewski, Wielisław Papierz, Ludomir Stefańczyk, Dariusz Jan Jaskólski
<i><b>Introduction</b>: Ectopic sphenoid sinus pituitary adenoma is a rare tumour originating from embryologic remnants of Rathke's pouch. Although it is considered a clinically benign neoplasm, necrosis is encountered in 25% of cases and it can invade adjacent bone structures. <b>Aims</b>: To establish clinical, radiological and histopathological features of ectopic sphenoid sinus pituitary adenoma. <b>Material and methods: </b> Analysis of three cases: two females and one man, aged 61-70...
2017: Folia Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427978/prevalence-of-ponticulus-posticus-on-lateral-cephalometric-radiographs-its-association-with-cervicogenic-headache-and-a-review-of-literature
#7
Shahnaz S Tambawala, Freny R Karjodkar, Kaustubh Sansare, Digvijay Motghare, Isha Mishra, Shuddhodhan Gaikwad, Amaresh Chandra Dora
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to calculate the prevalence of ponticulus posticus: a small bony bridge on the dorsal aspect of the Atlas on lateral digital cephalometric radiographs and classify it into a complete ring or an incomplete ring. The study also investigated its association with the presence or absence of cervicogenic headache in the examined population if any and presents a literature review on Ponticulus posticus. METHODS: The presence and types of ponticuli posticus were investigated on 500 digital lateral cephalograms and the same patients were questioned for a history of cervicogenic headache...
April 17, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427848/early-outcomes-and-periprocedural-complications-of-transarterial-embolization-of-brain-arteriovenous-malformations-with-onyx-%C3%A2
#8
Wojciech Poncyljusz, Marcin Sawicki, Katarzyna Lubkowska, Monika Rać
BACKGROUND: Brain arteriovenous malformation (BAVM) is a rare pathology diagnosed mostly in young adults. However, due to its hemorrhagic complications, it constitutes an important clinical problem. Treatment modalities available include endovascular, surgery and radiosurgery. The aim of the study was to assess the efficacy and safety of endovascular treatment of BAVM with Onyx(®) by reporting one-center experience. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between 2006 and 2013, 54 patients with BAVM were embolized with Onyx...
April 5, 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427026/epilepsy-and-headaches-further-evidence-of-a-link
#9
Asli Ece Çilliler, Hayat Güven, Selim Selçuk Çomoğlu
OBJECTIVE: Epilepsy and primary headaches are two of the most common neurologic conditions that share some common clinical characteristics, and can affect individuals of all age groups around the world. In recent years, the underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms potentially common to both headaches and epileptic seizures have been the subject of scrutiny. The objective of this study was to determine the frequencies and types of headaches in patients with epilepsy, and evaluate any temporal relationship with epileptic seizures...
April 17, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424977/restless-legs-syndrome-and-tension-type-headache-a-population-based-study
#10
Pil-Wook Chung, Soo-Jin Cho, Won-Joo Kim, Kwang Ik Yang, Chang-Ho Yun, Min Kyung Chu
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown a significant association between restless legs syndrome (RLS) and primary headache disorders. Nevertheless, information regarding the association between tension-type headache (TTH) and RLS is limited. This study aimed to investigate the association between RLS and TTH in a population-based sample. METHODS: We selected a stratified random population sample of Koreans aged 19-69 years and assessed them using a semi-structured interview designed to identify RLS, headache type, and clinical characteristics of TTH...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422438/moyamoya-syndrome-in-children-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1-italian-french-experience
#11
Claudia Santoro, Federico Di Rocco, Manoelle Kossorotoff, Michel Zerah, Nathalie Boddaert, Raphael Calmon, Dominique Vidaud, Mario Cirillo, Giuseppe Cinalli, Giuseppe Mirone, Teresa Giugliano, Giulio Piluso, Alessandra D'Amico, Valeria Capra, Marco Pavanello, Armando Cama, Bruno Nobili, Stanislas Lyonnet, Silverio Perrotta
Moyamoya syndrome (MMS) is the most common cerebral vasculopathy among children with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). In this study, we clinically, radiologically, and genetically examined a cohort that was not previously described, comprising European children with NF1 and MMS. The NF1 genotyping had been registered. This study included 18 children. The mean age was 2.93 ± 3.03 years at the NF1 diagnosis and 7.43 ± 4.27 years at the MMS diagnosis. In seven patients, MMS was diagnosed before or at the same time as NF1...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421374/level-of-physical-activity-well-being-stress-and-self-rated-health-in-persons-with-migraine-and-co-existing-tension-type-headache-and-neck-pain
#12
Lotte Skytte Krøll, Catharina Sjödahl Hammarlund, Maria Lurenda Westergaard, Trine Nielsen, Louise Bönsdorff Sloth, Rigmor Højland Jensen, Gunvor Gard
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of migraine with co-existing tension-type headache and neck pain is high in the general population. However, there is very little literature on the characteristics of these combined conditions. The aim of this study was to investigate a) the prevalence of migraine with co-existing tension-type headache and neck pain in a clinic-based sample, b) the level of physical activity, psychological well-being, perceived stress and self-rated health in persons with migraine and co-existing tension-type headache and neck pain compared to healthy controls, c) the perceived ability of persons with migraine and co-existing tension-type headache and neck pain to perform physical activity, and d) which among the three conditions (migraine, tension-type headache or neck pain) is rated as the most burdensome condition...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421034/is-the-headache-in-patients-with-vestibular-migraine-attenuated-by-vestibular-rehabilitation
#13
Nagisa Sugaya, Miki Arai, Fumiyuki Goto
BACKGROUND: Vestibular rehabilitation is the most effective treatment for dizziness due to vestibular dysfunction. Given the biological relationship between vestibular symptoms and headache, headache in patients with vestibular migraine (VM) could be improved by vestibular rehabilitation that leads to the improvement of dizziness. This study aimed to compare the effects of vestibular rehabilitation on headache and other outcomes relating to dizziness, and the psychological factors in patients with VM patients, patients with dizziness and tension-type headache, and patients without headache...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420920/the-many-guises-of-primary-hyperparathyroidism-an-unchanged-scenario
#14
Tasnim Ahsan, Uzma Erum, Khawaja Mohammad Inam Pal, Rukhshanda Jabeen, Saima Ghaus Qureeshi, Urooj Lal Rehman, Zeenat Banu
OBJECTIVE: To study the causes, characteristics and outcome of treatment of patients with primary hyperparathyroidism. METHODS: This retrospective cohort analysis was conducted at the Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, and comprised data of patients with primary hyperparathyroidism between 2004 and 2014. .SPSS 17 was used for data analysis. RESULTS: Of the 25 patients,1(4%)was male and 24(96%) were female. The overall mean age was 41...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420374/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-common-mental-disorders-among-ethiopian-migrant-returnees-from-the-middle-east-and-south-africa
#15
Kassahun Habtamu, Abebaw Minaye, Waganesh A Zeleke
BACKGROUND: Ethiopian migrants to the Middle East and South Africa experience a range of problems at various stages of their migration including overwork, sleep deprivation, denial of food, emotional abuse, difficulty adapting to the host culture, salary denial, sexual abuse, labor exploitation, confiscation of their travel documents, confinement, denial of medication, lack of access to legal service and degrading attitude by employers, traffickers and smugglers. These experiences can be associated with different types of mental disorders...
April 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419696/risk-factors-associated-with-pain-on-chronic-intermittent-hemodialysis-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Tonci Brkovic, Eliana Burilovic, Livia Puljak
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to define risk factors related to pain in adult end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients on chronic intermittent hemodialysis (HD) by developing a systematic review of published data. METHODS: The search was conducted from MEDLINE, Scopus, PsycINFO, and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL). Manuscripts in all languages were considered. Two authors performed each step independently, and all disagreements were resolved after discussion with the third author...
April 18, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414665/a-case-of-early-neurosyphilis
#17
M Walker, R Wisler, J Simmons, A Johnson
INTRODUCTION: Neurosyphilis is an infection of the central nervous system by Treponema pallidum, which can occur after the initial syphilis infection. Although commonly associated with late stage disease, patients with early neurosyphilis may present with acute syphilitic meningitis, meningovascular syphilis, or uveitis. CASE: A 28 year old man with a past medical history of HIV (CD4 364);, and recent diagnosis of uveitis presented to the Emergency Department with a positive RPR result...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413544/abdominal-schwannoma-in-a-case-of-neurofibromatosis-type-2-a-report-of-a-rare-combination
#18
Khandkar Ali Kawsar, Md Raziul Haque, Forhad Hossain Chowdhury
Neurofibromatosis-2 (NF2) is an autosomal-dominant disease, which is characterized by vestibular schwannomas (VSs) (acoustic neurinoma) as well as tumours of the peripheral and central nervous system, demonstrating a variety of expression. A 12-year-old girl presented to us with headache and ataxia for four months. We examined and found a lump in the right side of her abdomen. On magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of brain, a bilateral VS at the cerebellopontine (CP) angle was detected, and on computerized tomography (CT) scan and ultrasonography of her abdomen a large retroperitoneal schwannoma was revealed in the right side of her abdomen...
January 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410431/the-effect-of-foetal-growth-restriction-on-the-development-of-migraine-and-tension-type-headache-in-adulthood-the-hunt-study
#19
Sigrid Børte, Bendik S Winsvold, Synne Øien Stensland, Milada Cvancarova Småstuen, John-Anker Zwart
BACKGROUND: There is little knowledge about how factors early in life affect the development of migraine and tension-type headache. We aimed to examine whether growth restriction in utero is associated with development of migraine and frequent tension-type headache in adults. METHODS: The population-based Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT 3) contained a validated headache questionnaire, which differentiated between migraine and tension-type headache. These data were linked to information on weight and gestational age at birth from the Norwegian Medical Birth Registry...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409726/the-suboccipital-ligament
#20
Kelsey Alabaster, M Fred Bugg, Bruno Splavski, Frederick A Boop, Kenan I Arnautovic
OBJECTIVE A fibrous structure located dorsal to the dura at the posterior craniocervical junction stretches horizontally between the bilateral occipital condyles and the upper borders of the C-1 laminae. Partially covered by the occipital bone, this structure is always encountered when the bone is removed from the foramen magnum rim during approaches to the posterior cranial fossa. Although known to surgeons, this structure has not been defined, studied, or named. The most appropriate name for this structure is "the suboccipital ligament," and a detailed rationale for this name is provided...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
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