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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527083/shared-mechanisms-of-epilepsy-migraine-and-affective-disorders
#1
Davide Zarcone, Simona Corbetta
Since the nineteenth century several clinical features have been observed in common between migraine and epilepsy (such as episodic attacks, triggering factors, presence of aura, frequent familiarity), but only in recent years researchers have really engaged in finding a common pathogenic mechanism. From studies of disease incidence, we understand how either migraine among patients with epilepsy or epilepsy among migraine patients are more frequent than in the general population. This association may result from a direct causality, by the same environmental risk factors and/or by a common genetic susceptibility...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527059/personality-disorders-in-cluster-headache-a-study-using-the-millon-clinical-multiaxial-inventory-iii
#2
Sylvie Hélène Marie Jeanne Piacentini, Lara Draghi, Alberto Proietti Cecchini, Massimo Leone
A great deal of studies suggests that cluster headache (CH) patients are usually comorbid to anxiety-mood spectrum disorders and psychopathological symptoms; however, the personality profiles reported in the literature strictly depend on type of assessment used. Psychiatric comorbidities have been extensively studied in migraine and they are recognized to represent a major risk factor associated with poorer outcome, playing a role in the headache chronification process at once as cause and consequence of it...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520646/relationship-between-pubertal-timing-and-chronic-nonspecific-pain-in-adolescent-girls-the-young-hunt3-study-2006-2008
#3
Barbro Kløven, Gry B Hoftun, Pål R Romundstad, Marite Rygg
The aim of this study was to examine a possible relationship between early puberty and chronic non-specific pain in 13-18 years old girls. All adolescents in Nord-Trøndelag County, Norway, were invited to participate in the Young-HUNT3 study (2006-2008). Of the invited girls 81% answered the questionnaire and of these 3982 were 13-18 years. Menarche and perceived physical maturation were used as exposure measures. Early menarche was defined as <12 years, normal menarche as ≥12 and <14 years, and late menarche as ≥14 years...
May 16, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503499/the-prevalence-of-osmophobia-in-migranous-and-episodic-tension-type-headaches
#4
Ahmad Chitsaz, Abbas Ghorbani, Masoumeh Dashti, Mohsen Khosravi, Mohammadreza Kianmehr
BACKGROUND: Migraines are a neurological disease, of which the most common symptom is an intense and disabling episodic headache. Many persons experience sensory hyper excitability manifested by photophobia, phonophobia and osmophobia. This study was planned to investigate the prevalence of osmophobia in migranous and episodic tension type headache (ETTH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A semi-structured questionnaire was administered to all patients to evaluate the eventual presence of osmophobia during a headache attack and different characteristics of osmophobia were determined...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492338/headache-as-a-presenting-symptom-of-glioma-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Marco Russo, Veronica Villani, Arens Taga, Antonio Genovese, Irene Terrenato, Gian Camillo Manzoni, Franco Servadei, Paola Torelli, Andrea Pace
Objective The objective of this study was to analyse the prevalence and the clinical features of headache as a presenting symptom of glioma. Methods We interviewed 527 consecutive adult patients with histologically confirmed glioma, admitted to the Regina Elena National Cancer Institute between 2010 and 2015. We defined four headache phenotypes: Tension-type-like headache (TTH), migraine-like headache, worsening of a pre-existing headache (WPH) and classic brain tumour headache (BTH). Logistic regression analysis was carried out to investigate potential risk factors for headache at presentation of glioma...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480575/comprehensive-headache-experience-in-collegiate-student-athletes-an-initial-report-from-the-ncaa-headache-task-force
#6
Tad Seifert, Alicia Sufrinko, Robert Cowan, W Scott Black, Dave Watson, Bill Edwards, Scott Livingston, Keith Webster, David Akers, Mathew Lively, Anthony P Kontos
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of primary headache disorders in the general population provides a unique challenge in the evaluation of headache occurring in the context of sport. Despite a wealth of studies exploring the epidemiology of headache in the layperson, little is known about the prevalence and nature of headaches in collegiate student-athletes. These scenarios are challenging in the return to play context, as it is often unclear whether an athlete has an exacerbation of a primary headache disorder, new onset headache unrelated to trauma, or has suffered a concussive injury...
May 7, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474253/prevalence-and-burden-of-headache-disorders-in-lithuania-and-their-public-health-and-policy-implications-a-population-based-study-within-the-eurolight-project
#7
Daiva Rastenytė, Dalia Mickevičienė, Lars Jacob Stovner, Hallie Thomas, Colette Andrée, Timothy J Steiner
BACKGROUND: The Eurolight project assessed the impact of headache disorders in ten EU countries, using the same structured questionnaire but varying sampling methods. In Lithuania, sample selection employed methods in line with consensus recommendations for population-based burden-of-headache studies. METHODS: The survey was cross-sectional. We identified, from the Residents' Register Service, a sample of inhabitants of Kaunas city and surrounding Kaunas region reflecting age (in the range 18-65 years), gender and rural/urban distributions of Lithuania...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470754/vitamin-d-deficiency-in-patients-with-chronic-tension-type-headache-a-case-control-study
#8
Sanjay Prakash, Chaturbhuj Rathore, Prayag Makwana, Ankit Dave, Hemant Joshi, Haresh Parekh
OBJECTIVE: To see the interrelation between chronic tension-type headache (CTTH) and serum vitamin D levels. BACKGROUND: Several studies have suggested an association between chronic pain and vitamin D deficiency. Anecdotal evidence suggests that vitamin D deficiency may be associated with tension-type headache and migraine. METHODS: This case-control study was carried out to examine the association between CTTH and serum 25-hydroxy vitamin (25(OH) D) levels...
May 3, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427978/prevalence-of-ponticulus-posticus-on-lateral-cephalometric-radiographs-its-association-with-cervicogenic-headache-and-a-review-of-literature
#9
Shahnaz S Tambawala, Freny R Karjodkar, Kaustubh Sansare, Digvijay Motghare, Isha Mishra, Shuddhodhan Gaikwad, Amaresh Chandra Dora
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to calculate the prevalence of ponticulus posticus: a small bony bridge on the dorsal aspect of the Atlas on lateral digital cephalometric radiographs and classify it into a complete ring or an incomplete ring. The study also investigated its association with the presence or absence of cervicogenic headache in the examined population if any and presents a literature review on Ponticulus posticus. METHODS: The presence and types of ponticuli posticus were investigated on 500 digital lateral cephalograms and the same patients were questioned for a history of cervicogenic headache...
April 17, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424977/restless-legs-syndrome-and-tension-type-headache-a-population-based-study
#10
Pil-Wook Chung, Soo-Jin Cho, Won-Joo Kim, Kwang Ik Yang, Chang-Ho Yun, Min Kyung Chu
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown a significant association between restless legs syndrome (RLS) and primary headache disorders. Nevertheless, information regarding the association between tension-type headache (TTH) and RLS is limited. This study aimed to investigate the association between RLS and TTH in a population-based sample. METHODS: We selected a stratified random population sample of Koreans aged 19-69 years and assessed them using a semi-structured interview designed to identify RLS, headache type, and clinical characteristics of TTH...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421374/level-of-physical-activity-well-being-stress-and-self-rated-health-in-persons-with-migraine-and-co-existing-tension-type-headache-and-neck-pain
#11
Lotte Skytte Krøll, Catharina Sjödahl Hammarlund, Maria Lurenda Westergaard, Trine Nielsen, Louise Bönsdorff Sloth, Rigmor Højland Jensen, Gunvor Gard
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of migraine with co-existing tension-type headache and neck pain is high in the general population. However, there is very little literature on the characteristics of these combined conditions. The aim of this study was to investigate a) the prevalence of migraine with co-existing tension-type headache and neck pain in a clinic-based sample, b) the level of physical activity, psychological well-being, perceived stress and self-rated health in persons with migraine and co-existing tension-type headache and neck pain compared to healthy controls, c) the perceived ability of persons with migraine and co-existing tension-type headache and neck pain to perform physical activity, and d) which among the three conditions (migraine, tension-type headache or neck pain) is rated as the most burdensome condition...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420374/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-common-mental-disorders-among-ethiopian-migrant-returnees-from-the-middle-east-and-south-africa
#12
Kassahun Habtamu, Abebaw Minaye, Waganesh A Zeleke
BACKGROUND: Ethiopian migrants to the Middle East and South Africa experience a range of problems at various stages of their migration including overwork, sleep deprivation, denial of food, emotional abuse, difficulty adapting to the host culture, salary denial, sexual abuse, labor exploitation, confiscation of their travel documents, confinement, denial of medication, lack of access to legal service and degrading attitude by employers, traffickers and smugglers. These experiences can be associated with different types of mental disorders...
April 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404108/ombitasvir-paritaprevir-and-ritonavir-plus-ribavirin-in-adults-with-hepatitis-c-virus-genotype-4-infection-and-cirrhosis-agate-i-a-multicentre-phase-3-randomised-open-label-trial
#13
Tarik Asselah, Christophe Hézode, Roula B Qaqish, Magdy ElKhashab, Tarek Hassanein, George Papatheodoridis, Jordan J Feld, Christophe Moreno, Stefan Zeuzem, Peter Ferenci, Yao Yu, Rebecca Redman, Tami Pilot-Matias, Niloufar Mobashery
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 4 infection is most commonly reported in sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East; however, prevalence is increasing worldwide through immigration. HCV genotype 4 accounts for 20% of all infections, but clinical trial data for treatment remain limited. We assessed the combination of two direct-acting antivirals, ombitasvir (NS5A inhibitor) and paritaprevir (NS3/4A protease inhibitor; co-dosed with ritonavir) plus ribavirin in patients with HCV genotype 4 infection and compensated cirrhosis...
September 2016: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404068/association-between-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-and-migraine-in-children-and-adolescents-a-case-control-study
#14
Julie Le Gal, Jean-Francois Michel, Victoria Elisa Rinaldi, Daniele Spiri, Raffaella Moretti, Donatella Bettati, Silvia Romanello, Paola Berlese, Rosa Lualdi, Priscilla Boizeau, Jerome Viala, Marc Bellaiche, Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti, Giovanni Crichiutti, Corinne Alberti, Luigi Titomanlio
BACKGROUND: Functional gastrointestinal disorders and migraine are both common causes of medical attention. We have previously shown an association between migraine and infant colic. In this case-control study, we aimed to establish whether there is an association between migraine and other functional gastrointestinal disorders in children and adolescents. METHODS: We included children and adolescents aged 6-17 years presenting to the emergency department of four tertiary hospitals in France and Italy...
October 2016: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373854/migraine-modulation-and-debut-after-percutaneous-atrial-septal-defect-closure-a-review
#15
REVIEW
Charles Stevens Leger, Joseph F X DeSouza
INTRODUCTION: Change in migraine headache (MH)-preexisting MH change or development of de novo MH-are known potential complications following percutaneous closure of atrial septal defect (ASD), but consensus on a causal trigger remains elusive. OBJECTIVES: To expose potential MH triggers linked, mainly by timing and occurrence, to the emergence of de novo MH or change in preexisting MH subsequent to percutaneous ASD closure (pASDC). METHODS: The literature was systematically searched for studies available in English reporting MH status after pASDC published between January 1, 1990 and November 15, 2015...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340566/a-critical-review-of-manual-therapy-use-for-headache-disorders-prevalence-profiles-motivations-communication-and-self-reported-effectiveness
#16
Craig S Moore, David W Sibbritt, Jon Adams
BACKGROUND: Despite the expansion of conventional medical treatments for headache, many sufferers of common recurrent headache disorders seek help outside of medical settings. The aim of this paper is to evaluate research studies on the prevalence of patient use of manual therapies for the treatment of headache and the key factors associated with this patient population. METHODS: This critical review of the peer-reviewed literature identified 35 papers reporting findings from new empirical research regarding the prevalence, profiles, motivations, communication and self-reported effectiveness of manual therapy use amongst those with headache disorders...
March 24, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339138/cognitive-performance-and-the-alteration-of-neuroendocrine-hormones-in-chronic-tension-type-headache
#17
Ping Qu, Jin-Xia Yu, Lan Xia, Gui-Hai Chen
Tension-type headache (TTH) is the most prevalent primary headache. Chronic TTH (CTTH), the most serious form of TTH, is refractory, with a high socio-economic burden. Research studies have shown patients with migraine often had cognitive impairment, but few studies have focused on the cognition in patients with CTTH. In this study, we assumed that patients with CTTH also have cognitive impairments, which are modulated by the neuroendocrine state. Participants were recruited, including patients with CTTH and healthy controls...
March 24, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314551/prevalence-and-correlates-of-pain-in-fatigued-patients-with-type-1-diabetes
#18
Juliane Menting, Cees J Tack, Hans Knoop
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence, location and severity of pain, as well as its association with psychosocial and clinical variables and its impact on functional impairment in fatigued patients with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: 120 severely fatigued patients with type 1 diabetes completed questionnaires on pain (McGill Pain Questionnaire, MPQ; Short Form Health Survey subscale bodily pain, SF-36), fatigue severity (Checklist Individual Strength subscale fatigue severity, CIS), depressive symptoms (Beck Depression Inventory Primary Care, BDI-PC) and functional impairment (Sickness Impact Profile-8, SIP-8)...
April 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295826/prevalence-types-and-associations-of-medically-unexplained-symptoms-and-signs-a-cross-sectional-study-of-1023-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities
#19
M Osugo, J Morrison, L Allan, D Kinnear, S-A Cooper
BACKGROUND: Medically unexplained symptoms and signs are common in the general population and can respond to appropriate managements. We aimed to quantify the types and prevalence of unexplained symptoms and signs experienced by adults with ID and to determine the associated factors. METHOD: In a population-based study, 1023 adults with ID aged 16 and over had a detailed health assessment, which systematically considered symptoms and signs. Descriptive data were generated on their symptoms and signs...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295304/tension-type-headache-the-normal-and-most-prevalent-headache
#20
Rigmor Højland Jensen
PREMISE: Tension-type headache (TTH) is the most prevalent form of primary headache in the general population but paradoxically the least studied headache. PROBLEM: In this article, the epidemiology and diagnostic challenges of TTH are presented and discussed. The typical features and differential diagnosis of TTH are highlighted and the situations more likely to raise doubts are discussed. POTENTIAL SOLUTION: A structured approach to the patient and a better comprehension of the very frequent coexistence of migraine and medication overuse headache in the clinical population are emphasized...
March 13, 2017: Headache
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