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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780436/fragranced-consumer-products-effects-on-asthmatic-australians
#1
Anne Steinemann, Amanda J Wheeler, Alexander Larcombe
Exposure to fragranced consumer products, such as air fresheners and cleaning supplies, is associated with adverse health effects such as asthma attacks, breathing difficulties, and migraine headaches. This study investigated the prevalence and types of health problems associated with exposure to fragranced products among asthmatic Australians. Nationally representative cross-sectional data were obtained in June 2016 with an online survey of adult Australians ( n  = 1098), of which 28.5% were medically diagnosed with asthma or an asthma-like condition...
2018: Air Quality, Atmosphere, & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752625/polypharmacy-among-headache-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Anna Ferrari, Carlo Baraldi, Manuela Licata, Cecilia Rustichelli
BACKGROUND: Polypharmacy can appropriately treat multiple chronic conditions, but it can also increase potential harm. Polypharmacy information for primary headaches is minimal, despite drugs being the main tools to manage headaches. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate the prevalence, characteristics and risk factors of polypharmacy in patients with primary headaches and examine whether these variables differ between episodic and chronic headache patients. METHODS: We analysed polypharmacy (simultaneous use of five or more medications), medication type, comorbidity, and risk factors in 300 patients (mean age 42...
May 11, 2018: CNS Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750100/orofacial-clinical-features-in-arnold-chiari-type-i-malformation-a-case-series
#3
José-Alcides de Arruda, Eugênia Figueiredo, João-Luiz Monteiro, Livia-Mirelle Barbosa, Cleomar Rodrigues, Belmiro Vasconcelos
Background: Arnold Chiari malformation (ACM) is characterized by an anatomical defect at the base of the skull where the cerebellum and the spinal cord herniate through the foramen magnum into the cervical spinal canal. Among the subtypes of the condition, ACM type I (ACM-I) is particularly outstanding because of the severity of symptoms. This study aimed to analyze the orofacial clinical manifestations of patients with ACM-I, and discuss their demographic distribution and clinical features in light of the literature...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665696/nosographic-analysis-of-osmophobia-and-field-testing-of-diagnostic-criteria-including-osmophobia
#4
Mona Ameri Chalmer, Thomas Folkmann Hansen, Jes Olesen
Introduction Osmophobia has been suggested as an additional symptom of migraine without aura, and a high prevalence of osmophobia of up to 50% has been reported in the literature. We conducted a nosographic study of osmophobia in all migraineurs and tension-type headache patients and a field testing of suggested diagnostic criteria of osmophobia, presented in the appendix of the second edition of The International Classification of Headache Disorders and suggested by Silva-Néto et al. and Wang et al ., in migraine without aura and tension-type headache patients (n = 1934)...
January 1, 2018: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608126/gender-differences-in-the-prevalence-of-fibromyalgia-and-in-concomitant-medical-and-psychiatric-disorders-a-national-veterans-health-administration-study
#5
Caroline A Arout, Mehmet Sofuoglu, Lori A Bastian, Robert A Rosenheck
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a poorly understood, chronically disabling pain syndrome. While research has focused on its clinical presentation and treatment, less is known about fibromyalgia's clinical epidemiology in real-world healthcare systems. Gender differences have been difficult to study because relatively few males are diagnosed with fibromyalgia. METHODS: Veterans Health Administration (VHA) patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia nationwide in FY 2012 were compared to Veterans with other pain diagnoses on sociodemographic characteristics, medical and psychiatric diagnoses, health service use, and opioid and psychotropic prescription fills...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574601/headache-and-its-management-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#6
REVIEW
Farhat Husain, Gabriel Pardo, Meheroz Rabadi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review was to discuss the prevalence, impact, pathophysiology, and treatment of headaches (H/As) in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). RECENT FINDINGS: Headaches and multiple sclerosis are more common in women than in men with the ratio of female to male being 3:1. It is not entirely clear if there is a correlation or an incidental comorbidity of two neurological conditions. A review of the literature shows a variable prevalence of H/As in MS patients...
March 24, 2018: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560558/in-vitro-evaluation-of-the-potential-therapeutic-role-of-dendropanax-morbifera-extract-in-ameliorating-osteoporosis-and-resultant-bone-impairment-using-mc3t3-e1-cells
#7
Dong-Uk Yang, Muhammad Hanif Siddiqi, Sungeun Ahn, Sera Kang, Hae-Yong Noh, Deok-Chun Yang
Osteoporosis is a widespread musculoskeletal deformity that affects thousands of older people every year, leading to bone abnormalities and ultimately increasing the risk of bone fractures in both genders. It is considered a lethal disease causing death in thousands of people at the late stage of life. Dendropanax morbifera Leveille is a subtropical broad-leaved prevalent species in Korea. Extracts of the leaves, stems, roots, and seeds of D. morbifera have been used in traditional medicine for the treatment of numerous diseases such as diabetes, atherogenesis, skin disorders, and headaches...
March 20, 2018: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556971/the-epidemiology-of-headache-disorders-a-face-to-face-interview-of-participants-in-hunt4
#8
Knut Hagen, Anders Nikolai Åsberg, Benjamin L Uhlig, Erling Tronvik, Eiliv Brenner, Marit Stjern, Grethe Helde, Gøril Bruvik Gravdahl, Trond Sand
BACKGROUND: The primary aim of this cross-sectional population-based study was to evaluate the 1-year prevalence of common headache disorders by a face-to-face interview. METHODS: The fourth wave of Nord-Trøndelag Health Survey (HUNT4) started in September 2017. The study was undertaken as part of a project mainly focusing on sleep disorders, where a total of 232 (19.3%) out of 1200 invited HUNT4 participants underwent a face-to-face headache interview. RESULTS: The mean age of the 232 participants was 58...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525399/manual-therapy-in-adults-with-tension-type-headache-a-systematic-review
#9
C Cumplido-Trasmonte, P Fernández-González, I M Alguacil-Diego, F Molina-Rueda
INTRODUCTION: Tension-type headache is the most common primary headache, with a high prevalence and a considerable socioeconomic impact. Manual physical therapy techniques are widely used in the clinical field to treat the symptoms associated with tension-type headache. This systematic review aims to determine the effectiveness of manual and non-invasive therapies in the treatment of patients with tension-type headache. DEVELOPMENT: We conducted a systematic review of randomised controlled trials in the following databases: Brain, PubMed, Web of Science, PEDro, Scopus, CINAHL, and Science Direct...
March 7, 2018: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511565/combination-immune-checkpoint-inhibitor-therapy-nivolumab-and-ipilimumab-associated-with-multiple-endocrinopathies
#10
Florence Gunawan, Elizabeth George, Adam Roberts
Immune checkpoint inhibitors are the mainstay of treatment for advanced melanoma, and their use is being increasingly implicated in the development of autoimmune endocrinopathies. We present a case of a 52-year-old man with metastatic melanoma on combination nivolumab and ipilumimab therapy who developed concurrent hypophysitis, type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and diabetes insipidus. He presented prior to third cycle of combination treatment with a headache, myalgias and fatigue. Biochemistry and MRI pituitary confirmed anterior pituitary dysfunction with a TSH: 0...
2018: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484508/undifferentiated-headache-broadening-the-approach-to-headache-in-children-and-adolescents-with-supporting-evidence-from-a-nationwide-school-based-cross-sectional-survey-in-turkey
#11
Christian Wöber, Çiçek Wöber-Bingöl, Derya Uluduz, Tuna Stefan Aslan, Uğur Uygunoglu, Ahmet Tüfekçi, Selen Ilhan Alp, Taşkın Duman, Fidan Sürgün, Gülser Karadaban Emir, Caner Feyzi Demir, Ferhat Balgetir, Yeliz Bahar Özdemir, Tanja Auer, Aksel Siva, Timothy J Steiner
BACKGROUND: Headache is a leading disabler in adults worldwide. In children and adolescents, the same may be true but the evidence is much poorer. It is notable that published epidemiological studies of these age groups have largely ignored headaches not fulfilling any specific set of ICHD criteria, although such headaches appear to be common. A new approach to these is needed: here we introduce, and investigate, a diagnostic category termed "undifferentiated headache" (UdH), defined in young people as recurrent mild-intensity headache of < 1 h's duration...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467656/sublingual-administration-of-sildenafil-oro-dispersible-film-new-profiles-of-drug-tolerability-and-pharmacokinetics-for-pde5-inhibitors
#12
Luca De Toni, Maurizio De Rocco Ponce, Erica Franceschinis, Stefano Dall'Acqua, Roberto Padrini, Nicola Realdon, Andrea Garolla, Carlo Foresta
Objective: Type 5 phosphodiesterase inhibitors (PDE5i) are efficient drugs used for treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED); however, a large discontinuation rate due to major side effects is reported. The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible improvement of sildenafil (Sild) pharmacokinetics associated to the sublingual administration of the new available oro-dispersible film (ODF), compared to both the oro-dispersible tablet (ODT) and the film-coated tablet (FCT) as original per os formulation. Methods: In vitro disaggregation test, dissolution test, and permeation test in specific devices to estimate the trans-mucosal absorption...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446439/vision-screening-for-correctable-visual-acuity-deficits-in-school-age-children-and-adolescents
#13
REVIEW
Jennifer R Evans, Priya Morjaria, Christine Powell
BACKGROUND: Although the benefits of vision screening seem intuitive, the value of such programmes in junior and senior schools has been questioned. In addition there exists a lack of clarity regarding the optimum age for screening and frequency at which to carry out screening. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of vision screening programmes carried out in schools to reduce the prevalence of correctable visual acuity deficits due to refractive error in school-age children...
February 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420573/prevalence-of-diagnosed-temporomandibular-disorders-a-cross-sectional-study-in-brazilian-adolescents
#14
Fernanda Mara de Paiva Bertoli, Carolina Dea Bruzamolin, Eduardo Pizzatto, Estela Maris Losso, João Armando Brancher, Juliana Feltrin de Souza
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) increases during adolescence and adulthood. Few studies have examined TMD prevalence in Brazilian adolescents. AIM: To investigate the prevalence of TMD in Brazilian adolescents. METHODS: A representative population-based sample of 934 adolescents (10-14-years-old) was examined. TMD screening was performed using a questionnaire by the American Academy of Orofacial Pain...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399051/sleep-disturbances-in-tension-type-headache-and-migraine
#15
REVIEW
César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, Juan J Fernández-Muñoz, María Palacios-Ceña, Paula Parás-Bravo, Margarita Cigarán-Méndez, Esperanza Navarro-Pardo
Current research into the pathogenesis of tension-type headache (TTH) and migraine is focused on altered nociceptive pain processing. Among the potential factors that influence sensitization mechanisms, emotional stress, depression, or sleep disorders all have an essential role: they increase the excitability of nociceptive firing and trigger hyperalgesic responses. Sleep disturbances and headache disorders share common brain structures and pathogenic mechanisms and TTH, migraine, and sleep disturbances often occur together; for example, 50% of individuals who have either TTH or migraine have insomnia...
2018: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394939/lipidomic-analysis-of-serum-samples-from-migraine-patients
#16
Caixia Ren, Jia Liu, Juntuo Zhou, Hui Liang, Yayun Wang, Yinping Sun, Bin Ma, Yuxin Yin
BACKGROUND: Migraine is a prevalent, disabling type of primary headache disorder associated with a high socioeconomic burden. The clinical management of migraine is challenging. This study was to identify potential serum lipidomic biomarkers of migraine. METHODS: The serum lipidomic profile of migraine sufferers was compared with healthy individuals using Liquid Chromatography coupled to Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS). Volcano plot analysis by Student's t-test was performed to identify the differential metabolites...
February 2, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393227/acute-menopausal-symptoms-in-young-cancer-survivors-immediately-following-chemotherapy
#17
Katherine E Cameron, Martha B Kole, Mary D Sammel, Jill P Ginsberg, Yasmin Gosiengfiao, Jennifer E Mersereau, H Irene Su, Clarisa R Gracia
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of menopausal symptoms in young cancer survivors immediately following the completion of chemotherapy. METHODS: This prospective cohort study followed 124 young females with a new diagnosis of cancer requiring chemotherapy to assess symptoms of menopause before treatment and immediately following chemotherapy. Symptoms were compared before and after treatment using the McNemar test and between cancer patients and 133 similar-aged healthy controls using Pearson χ2 and Fisher's exact tests...
2018: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391919/fragranced-consumer-products-effects-on-asthmatics
#18
Anne Steinemann
Fragranced consumer products, such as cleaning supplies, air fresheners, and personal care products, can emit a range of air pollutants and trigger adverse health effects. This study investigates the prevalence and types of effects of fragranced products on asthmatics in the American population. Using a nationally representative sample ( n  = 1137), data were collected with an on-line survey of adults in the USA, of which 26.8% responded as being medically diagnosed with asthma or an asthma-like condition...
2018: Air Quality, Atmosphere, & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350119/-medication-overuse-headache
#19
J A Pijpers, N J Wiendels, H Koppen, M D Ferrari, J Haan, G M Terwindt
- Medication-overuse headache is a highly prevalent disorder with a major impact on the quality of life.- Medication-overuse headache is defined as headache on ≥ 15 days per month with overuse of acute headache medication for ≥ 3 months. We talk about overuse in case of intake of simple analgesics on ≥ 15 days per month or triptans or combinations of analgesics on ≥ 10 days per month.- The underlying type of headache is usually migraine or tension-type headache.- One of the possible underlying mechanisms of medication-overuse headache is changed sensitivity as a consequence of central sensitisation...
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328006/parent-guardian-knowledge-regarding-implanted-shunt-type-setting-and-symptoms-of-malfunction-infection
#20
Laurie L Ackerman, Daniel H Fulkerson, Andrew Jea, Jodi L Smith
OBJECTIVE Patients with shunts often interact with providers distant from their primary hospital, making it important that the parent(s)/guardian(s) is well versed in the type of shunt implanted and symptoms of malfunction/infection. This is particularly important with magnetic-sensitive programmable valves, as the use of MRI becomes more prevalent. METHODS Over a 6-month period, primary caregivers of 148 consecutive patients who received shunts were prospectively administered questionnaires at clinic visits...
April 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
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