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Headache types prevalence

C Cumplido-Trasmonte, P Fernández-González, I M Alguacil-Diego, F Molina-Rueda
INTRODUCTION: Tension-type headache is the most common primary headache, with a high prevalence and a considerable socioeconomic impact. Manual physical therapy techniques are widely used in the clinical field to treat the symptoms associated with tension-type headache. This systematic review aims to determine the effectiveness of manual and non-invasive therapies in the treatment of patients with tension-type headache. DEVELOPMENT: We conducted a systematic review of randomised controlled trials in the following databases: Brain, PubMed, Web of Science, PEDro, Scopus, CINAHL, and Science Direct...
March 7, 2018: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
Florence Gunawan, Elizabeth George, Adam Roberts
Immune checkpoint inhibitors are the mainstay of treatment for advanced melanoma, and their use is being increasingly implicated in the development of autoimmune endocrinopathies. We present a case of a 52-year-old man with metastatic melanoma on combination nivolumab and ipilumimab therapy who developed concurrent hypophysitis, type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and diabetes insipidus. He presented prior to third cycle of combination treatment with a headache, myalgias and fatigue. Biochemistry and MRI pituitary confirmed anterior pituitary dysfunction with a TSH: 0...
2018: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
Christian Wöber, Çiçek Wöber-Bingöl, Derya Uluduz, Tuna Stefan Aslan, Uğur Uygunoglu, Ahmet Tüfekçi, Selen Ilhan Alp, Taşkın Duman, Fidan Sürgün, Gülser Karadaban Emir, Caner Feyzi Demir, Ferhat Balgetir, Yeliz Bahar Özdemir, Tanja Auer, Aksel Siva, Timothy J Steiner
BACKGROUND: Headache is a leading disabler in adults worldwide. In children and adolescents, the same may be true but the evidence is much poorer. It is notable that published epidemiological studies of these age groups have largely ignored headaches not fulfilling any specific set of ICHD criteria, although such headaches appear to be common. A new approach to these is needed: here we introduce, and investigate, a diagnostic category termed "undifferentiated headache" (UdH), defined in young people as recurrent mild-intensity headache of < 1 h's duration...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Headache and Pain
Luca De Toni, Maurizio De Rocco Ponce, Erica Franceschinis, Stefano Dall'Acqua, Roberto Padrini, Nicola Realdon, Andrea Garolla, Carlo Foresta
Objective: Type 5 phosphodiesterase inhibitors (PDE5i) are efficient drugs used for treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED); however, a large discontinuation rate due to major side effects is reported. The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible improvement of sildenafil (Sild) pharmacokinetics associated to the sublingual administration of the new available oro-dispersible film (ODF), compared to both the oro-dispersible tablet (ODT) and the film-coated tablet (FCT) as original per os formulation. Methods: In vitro disaggregation test, dissolution test, and permeation test in specific devices to estimate the trans-mucosal absorption...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Jennifer R Evans, Priya Morjaria, Christine Powell
BACKGROUND: Although the benefits of vision screening seem intuitive, the value of such programmes in junior and senior schools has been questioned. In addition there exists a lack of clarity regarding the optimum age for screening and frequency at which to carry out screening. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of vision screening programmes carried out in schools to reduce the prevalence of correctable visual acuity deficits due to refractive error in school-age children...
February 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Fernanda Mara de Paiva Bertoli, Carolina Dea Bruzamolin, Eduardo Pizzatto, Estela Maris Losso, João Armando Brancher, Juliana Feltrin de Souza
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) increases during adolescence and adulthood. Few studies have examined TMD prevalence in Brazilian adolescents. AIM: To investigate the prevalence of TMD in Brazilian adolescents. METHODS: A representative population-based sample of 934 adolescents (10-14-years-old) was examined. TMD screening was performed using a questionnaire by the American Academy of Orofacial Pain...
2018: PloS One
César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, Juan J Fernández-Muñoz, María Palacios-Ceña, Paula Parás-Bravo, Margarita Cigarán-Méndez, Esperanza Navarro-Pardo
Current research into the pathogenesis of tension-type headache (TTH) and migraine is focused on altered nociceptive pain processing. Among the potential factors that influence sensitization mechanisms, emotional stress, depression, or sleep disorders all have an essential role: they increase the excitability of nociceptive firing and trigger hyperalgesic responses. Sleep disturbances and headache disorders share common brain structures and pathogenic mechanisms and TTH, migraine, and sleep disturbances often occur together; for example, 50% of individuals who have either TTH or migraine have insomnia...
2018: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
Caixia Ren, Jia Liu, Juntuo Zhou, Hui Liang, Yayun Wang, Yinping Sun, Bin Ma, Yuxin Yin
BACKGROUND: Migraine is a prevalent, disabling type of primary headache disorder associated with a high socioeconomic burden. The clinical management of migraine is challenging. This study was to identify potential serum lipidomic biomarkers of migraine. METHODS: The serum lipidomic profile of migraine sufferers was compared with healthy individuals using Liquid Chromatography coupled to Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS). Volcano plot analysis by Student's t-test was performed to identify the differential metabolites...
February 2, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
Katherine E Cameron, Martha B Kole, Mary D Sammel, Jill P Ginsberg, Yasmin Gosiengfiao, Jennifer E Mersereau, H Irene Su, Clarisa R Gracia
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of menopausal symptoms in young cancer survivors immediately following the completion of chemotherapy. METHODS: This prospective cohort study followed 124 young females with a new diagnosis of cancer requiring chemotherapy to assess symptoms of menopause before treatment and immediately following chemotherapy. Symptoms were compared before and after treatment using the McNemar test and between cancer patients and 133 similar-aged healthy controls using Pearson χ2 and Fisher's exact tests...
January 26, 2018: Oncology
Anne Steinemann
Fragranced consumer products, such as cleaning supplies, air fresheners, and personal care products, can emit a range of air pollutants and trigger adverse health effects. This study investigates the prevalence and types of effects of fragranced products on asthmatics in the American population. Using a nationally representative sample (n = 1137), data were collected with an on-line survey of adults in the USA, of which 26.8% responded as being medically diagnosed with asthma or an asthma-like condition...
2018: Air Quality, Atmosphere, & Health
J A Pijpers, N J Wiendels, H Koppen, M D Ferrari, J Haan, G M Terwindt
- Medication-overuse headache is a highly prevalent disorder with a major impact on the quality of life.- Medication-overuse headache is defined as headache on ≥ 15 days per month with overuse of acute headache medication for ≥ 3 months. We talk about overuse in case of intake of simple analgesics on ≥ 15 days per month or triptans or combinations of analgesics on ≥ 10 days per month.- The underlying type of headache is usually migraine or tension-type headache.- One of the possible underlying mechanisms of medication-overuse headache is changed sensitivity as a consequence of central sensitisation...
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Laurie L Ackerman, Daniel H Fulkerson, Andrew Jea, Jodi L Smith
OBJECTIVE Patients with shunts often interact with providers distant from their primary hospital, making it important that the parent(s)/guardian(s) is well versed in the type of shunt implanted and symptoms of malfunction/infection. This is particularly important with magnetic-sensitive programmable valves, as the use of MRI becomes more prevalent. METHODS Over a 6-month period, primary caregivers of 148 consecutive patients who received shunts were prospectively administered questionnaires at clinic visits...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Metin Dedei Daryan, Betül Tekin Güveli, Sezin Alpaydın Baslo, Kasım Mulhan, Hüseyin Sarı, Zeynep Ezgi Balçık, Dilek Ataklı
The comorbidity of headache and epilepsy is often seen in neurological practice. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence, types of, and risk factors for headache in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME). We assessed a total of 200 patients and 100 healthy controls in our study. Headache was classified in participants using a self-administered questionnaire. Demographical, clinical features and headache characteristics were recorded. Seizure and headache temporal profiles were noted. Headache was present in 111 (56%) patients and 50 (50%) healthy participants...
January 11, 2018: Neurological Sciences
Tara L Sharma
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Headache in the elderly, defined as individuals aged 65 and older, although less prevalent than younger individuals, can present as a diagnostic challenge, given the increase in potentially fatal diseases within this population. METHODS: These individuals require a complete history, neurological examination, and assessment of potential secondary causes of headaches. RESULTS: Secondary causes include temporal or giant cell arteritis, subdural hematomas, central nervous system (CNS) tumors, strokes, and CNS infections...
January 11, 2018: Headache
E O Sanya, O O Desalu, S A Aderibigbe, P M Kolo, A F Mustapha, O A Adeyanju
OBJECTIVE: Headache is a common chronic neurologic disorder with huge economic and psychosocial impact. In comparison with other neurological disorders, there is limited data on primary headache, especially from sub-Saharan Africa. This study was done to fill in the gap and provide recent information on headache among Nigerian undergraduate students. METHODOLOGY: Quota sampling was used to select students from three tertiary educational institutions within Ilorin, the capital of Kwara state...
November 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Christine Hercik, Leonard Cosmas, Ondari D Mogeni, Newton Wamola, Wanze Kohi, Victor Omballa, Melvin Ochieng, Shirley Lidechi, Juma Bonventure, Caroline Ochieng, Clayton Onyango, Barry S Fields, Sayoki Mfinanga, Joel M Montgomery
INTRODUCTION: In low-resource settings, empiric case management of febrile illness is routine as a result of limited access to laboratory diagnostics. The use of comprehensive fever syndromic surveillance, with enhanced clinical microbiology, advanced diagnostics and more robust epidemiologic investigation, could enable healthcare providers to offer a differential diagnosis of fever syndrome and more appropriate care and treatment. METHODS: We conducted a year-long exploratory study of fever syndrome among patients ≥ 1 year if age, presenting to clinical settings with an axillary temperature of ≥37...
2017: PloS One
Sarah J Nevitt, Maria Sudell, Jennifer Weston, Catrin Tudur Smith, Anthony G Marson
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is a common neurological condition with a worldwide prevalence of around 1%. Approximately 60% to 70% of people with epilepsy will achieve a longer-term remission from seizures, and most achieve that remission shortly after starting antiepileptic drug treatment. Most people with epilepsy are treated with a single antiepileptic drug (monotherapy) and current guidelines from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) in the United Kingdom for adults and children recommend carbamazepine or lamotrigine as first-line treatment for partial onset seizures and sodium valproate for generalised onset seizures; however a range of other antiepileptic drug (AED) treatments are available, and evidence is needed regarding their comparative effectiveness in order to inform treatment choices...
December 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Joan A Casey, Jonathan Pollak, M Maria Glymour, Elizabeth R Mayeda, Annemarie G Hirsch, Brian S Schwartz
INTRODUCTION: Although infrequently recorded in electronic health records (EHRs), measures of SES are essential to describe health inequalities and account for confounding in epidemiologic research. Medical Assistance (i.e., Medicaid) is often used as a surrogate for SES, but correspondence between conventional SES and Medical Assistance has been insufficiently studied. METHODS: Geisinger Clinic EHR data from 2001 to 2014 and a 2014 questionnaire were used to create six SES measures: EHR-derived Medical Assistance and proportion of time under observation on Medical Assistance; educational attainment, income, and marital status; and area-level poverty...
December 11, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Lauren Shaw, Maria Morozova, Ishaq Abu-Arafeh
The aim of this systematic review is to determine the prevalence and clinical features of chronic post-traumatic headache (CPTH) in children and adolescents. Literature search of PubMed, Embase, Cochrane databases and Google Scholar was carried out for all studies reporting on CPTH in children and young people under the age of 18 years between January 1980 and November 2016. Search command included post-traumatic headache, postconcussion syndrome, child and adolescent. Demographic data, diagnostic criteria of headache disorders, occurrence of headache after head injury and headache phenotypes were collected...
January 2018: Pain Management
Sol-Ji Kim, Ji-Hee Yeo, Seo-Yeon Yoon, Soon-Gu Kwon, Jang-Hern Lee, Alvin J Beitz, Dae-Hyun Roh
Despite the relatively high prevalence of migraine or headache, the pathophysiological mechanisms triggering headache-associated peripheral hypersensitivities, are unknown. Since nitric oxide (NO) is well known as a causative factor in the pathogenesis of migraine or migraine-associated hypersensitivities, a mouse model has been established using systemic administration of the NO donor, nitroglycerin (NTG). Here we tried to investigate the time course development of facial or hindpaw hypersensitivity after repetitive NTG injection...
February 1, 2018: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
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