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Headache types prevalence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328006/parent-guardian-knowledge-regarding-implanted-shunt-type-setting-and-symptoms-of-malfunction-infection
#1
Laurie L Ackerman, Daniel H Fulkerson, Andrew Jea, Jodi L Smith
OBJECTIVE Patients with shunts often interact with providers distant from their primary hospital, making it important that the parent(s)/guardian(s) is well versed in the type of shunt implanted and symptoms of malfunction/infection. This is particularly important with magnetic-sensitive programmable valves, as the use of MRI becomes more prevalent. METHODS Over a 6-month period, primary caregivers of 148 consecutive patients who received shunts were prospectively administered questionnaires at clinic visits...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327224/prevalence-and-clinical-characteristics-of-headache-in-juvenile-myoclonic-epilepsy-experience-from-a-tertiary-epilepsy-center
#2
Metin Dedei Daryan, Betül Tekin Güveli, Sezin Alpaydın Baslo, Kasım Mulhan, Hüseyin Sarı, Zeynep Ezgi Balçık, Dilek Ataklı
The comorbidity of headache and epilepsy is often seen in neurological practice. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence, types of, and risk factors for headache in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME). We assessed a total of 200 patients and 100 healthy controls in our study. Headache was classified in participants using a self-administered questionnaire. Demographical, clinical features and headache characteristics were recorded. Seizure and headache temporal profiles were noted. Headache was present in 111 (56%) patients and 50 (50%) healthy participants...
January 11, 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322494/common-primary-and-secondary-causes-of-headache-in-the-elderly
#3
Tara L Sharma
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Headache in the elderly, defined as individuals aged 65 and older, although less prevalent than younger individuals, can present as a diagnostic challenge, given the increase in potentially fatal diseases within this population. METHODS: These individuals require a complete history, neurological examination, and assessment of potential secondary causes of headaches. RESULTS: Secondary causes include temporal or giant cell arteritis, subdural hematomas, central nervous system (CNS) tumors, strokes, and CNS infections...
January 11, 2018: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303124/prevalence-and-clinical-characteristics-of-headaches-among-undergraduate-students-in-three-tertiary-institutions-in-ilorin-nigeria
#4
E O Sanya, O O Desalu, S A Aderibigbe, P M Kolo, A F Mustapha, O A Adeyanju
OBJECTIVE: Headache is a common chronic neurologic disorder with huge economic and psychosocial impact. In comparison with other neurological disorders, there is limited data on primary headache, especially from sub-Saharan Africa. This study was done to fill in the gap and provide recent information on headache among Nigerian undergraduate students. METHODOLOGY: Quota sampling was used to select students from three tertiary educational institutions within Ilorin, the capital of Kwara state...
November 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287070/a-diagnostic-and-epidemiologic-investigation-of-acute-febrile-illness-afi-in-kilombero-tanzania
#5
Christine Hercik, Leonard Cosmas, Ondari D Mogeni, Newton Wamola, Wanze Kohi, Victor Omballa, Melvin Ochieng, Shirley Lidechi, Juma Bonventure, Caroline Ochieng, Clayton Onyango, Barry S Fields, Sayoki Mfinanga, Joel M Montgomery
INTRODUCTION: In low-resource settings, empiric case management of febrile illness is routine as a result of limited access to laboratory diagnostics. The use of comprehensive fever syndromic surveillance, with enhanced clinical microbiology, advanced diagnostics and more robust epidemiologic investigation, could enable healthcare providers to offer a differential diagnosis of fever syndrome and more appropriate care and treatment. METHODS: We conducted a year-long exploratory study of fever syndrome among patients ≥ 1 year if age, presenting to clinical settings with an axillary temperature of ≥37...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243813/antiepileptic-drug-monotherapy-for-epilepsy-a-network-meta-analysis-of-individual-participant-data
#6
REVIEW
Sarah J Nevitt, Maria Sudell, Jennifer Weston, Catrin Tudur Smith, Anthony G Marson
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is a common neurological condition with a worldwide prevalence of around 1%. Approximately 60% to 70% of people with epilepsy will achieve a longer-term remission from seizures, and most achieve that remission shortly after starting antiepileptic drug treatment. Most people with epilepsy are treated with a single antiepileptic drug (monotherapy) and current guidelines from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) in the United Kingdom for adults and children recommend carbamazepine or lamotrigine as first-line treatment for partial onset seizures and sodium valproate for generalised onset seizures; however a range of other antiepileptic drug (AED) treatments are available, and evidence is needed regarding their comparative effectiveness in order to inform treatment choices...
December 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241724/measures-of-ses-for-electronic-health-record-based-research
#7
Joan A Casey, Jonathan Pollak, M Maria Glymour, Elizabeth R Mayeda, Annemarie G Hirsch, Brian S Schwartz
INTRODUCTION: Although infrequently recorded in electronic health records (EHRs), measures of SES are essential to describe health inequalities and account for confounding in epidemiologic research. Medical Assistance (i.e., Medicaid) is often used as a surrogate for SES, but correspondence between conventional SES and Medical Assistance has been insufficiently studied. METHODS: Geisinger Clinic EHR data from 2001 to 2014 and a 2014 questionnaire were used to create six SES measures: EHR-derived Medical Assistance and proportion of time under observation on Medical Assistance; educational attainment, income, and marital status; and area-level poverty...
December 11, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192541/chronic-post-traumatic-headache-in-children-and-adolescents-systematic-review-of-prevalence-and-headache-features
#8
Lauren Shaw, Maria Morozova, Ishaq Abu-Arafeh
The aim of this systematic review is to determine the prevalence and clinical features of chronic post-traumatic headache (CPTH) in children and adolescents. Literature search of PubMed, Embase, Cochrane databases and Google Scholar was carried out for all studies reporting on CPTH in children and young people under the age of 18 years between January 1980 and November 2016. Search command included post-traumatic headache, postconcussion syndrome, child and adolescent. Demographic data, diagnostic criteria of headache disorders, occurrence of headache after head injury and headache phenotypes were collected...
January 2018: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187670/differential-development-of-facial-and-hind-paw-allodynia-in-a-nitroglycerin-induced-mouse-model-of-chronic-migraine-role-of-capsaicin-sensitive-primary-afferents
#9
Sol-Ji Kim, Ji-Hee Yeo, Seo-Yeon Yoon, Soon-Gu Kwon, Jang-Hern Lee, Alvin J Beitz, Dae-Hyun Roh
Despite the relatively high prevalence of migraine or headache, the pathophysiological mechanisms triggering headache-associated peripheral hypersensitivities, are unknown. Since nitric oxide (NO) is well known as a causative factor in the pathogenesis of migraine or migraine-associated hypersensitivities, a mouse model has been established using systemic administration of the NO donor, nitroglycerin (NTG). Here we tried to investigate the time course development of facial or hindpaw hypersensitivity after repetitive NTG injection...
November 29, 2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173190/migraine-in-systemic-autoimmune-diseases
#10
Cavestro Cinzia, Ferrero Marcella
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Migraine and systemic autoimmune diseases are 2-3-fold more common in women and various studies have reported an association between the two pathologies. METHODS: This review takes into account epidemiological studies involving migraine and systemic lupus erythematosus, antiphospholipid syndrome, Sjogren's syndrome, and other diffuse connective tissue diseases. This scientific literature analysis consists of the main articles found in Medline with a search up to April 2017...
November 24, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171649/-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-tension-type-headache-a-case-report
#11
İsmail Barış Salman, Hanife Özlem Sertel Berk
Tension-type headache has a very high socioeconomic impact, and its lifetime prevalence is reported to be between 30% and 78% in different studies. It is widely acknowledged that noninvasive management with a multidisciplinary approach should be considered for the treatment of tension-type headache. Cognitive behavioral therapy and relaxation exercises are efficient techniques. This article illustrates the application of a cognitive behavioral therapy protocol enhanced with progressive muscle stretching and relaxation exercises in the treatment of chronic tension-type headache via a case report...
October 2017: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140286/evidence-to-use-botulinum-toxin-injections-in-tension-type-headache-management-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Mieszko Wieckiewicz, Natalia Grychowska, Marek Zietek, Gniewko Wieckiewicz, Joanna Smardz
Tension-type headache (TTH) is the most common type of chronic recurring head pain. It can occur twice as often in women as in men. It is the most common type of headache. Its lifetime prevalence is 30% to 78% in the general population. TTH treatment should be multilevel. It often consists of taking pain medication, muscle relaxants, antidepressants, using biofeedback therapy, acupuncture, and attending behavioral therapy. Several clinical trials also suggest that botulinum toxin (BTX) may be an effective treatment option for such patients...
November 15, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139113/prevalence-of-headache-in-patients-with-mitochondrial-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Torsten Kraya, Marcus Deschauer, Pushpa Raj Joshi, Stephan Zierz, Charly Gaul
BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial diseases are a heterogeneous group of diseases with different phenotypes and genotypes. Headache and, particularly migraine, seems to occur often in patients with MELAS and in patients with CPEO phenotypes. The International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD-3 beta) has classified headache as a secondary entity only in MELAS patients. Other headache phenotypes in mitochondrial diseases are not considered in ICHD-3beta. In this study, we analyzed headache phenomenology in a large group of patients with mitochondrial disorders...
November 15, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120129/the-role-of-electromyographic-blink-reflex-in-the-evaluation-of-headache-incidence
#14
Marijan Cesarik, Iris Zavoreo, Lucija Zadro-Matovina, Tomislav Madžar, Vanja Bašić Kes
Migraine and tension type headache are the most common disabling primary headache disorders. Epidemiological studies have documented their high prevalence and high socioeconomic and personal impacts. According to recent data, migraine ranks as the third most prevalent disorder and seventh-highest specific cause of disability worldwide. Tension-type headache has lifetime prevalence in the general population ranging between 30% and 78% in different studies. According to the International Classification of Headache Disorders, 3rd edition, there also are many other headaches but their incidence in general population is lower than the previously mentioned headaches...
March 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103335/nummular-headache-an-update-and-future-prospects
#15
María Luz Cuadrado, Pedro López-Ruiz, Ángel L Guerrero
Nummular headache (NH) is characterized by continuous or intermittent head pain, which remains confined to a round or oval shaped area of the scalp, generally 1 to 6 cm in diameter. Usually mild or moderate in intensity, some patients suffer severe acute exacerbations or continuous disabling pain. Areas covered: This article reviews epidemiological and clinical features of NH, the most recently proposed pathophysiological mechanisms, and state-of-the-art management according to the literature. Expert commentary: Information regarding true incidence and prevalence is lacking, but NH is a fairly common disorder in patients attending a headache clinic...
November 9, 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053129/-medication-overuse-headache
#16
M Yu Maksimova, T Yu Сhochlova, L A Mota
Rebound headache (RH) is a chronic daily headache which occurs when analgesics, triptans, ergotamines are taken frequently (more than 15 days/month for more than 3 months) to relieve headaches. The prevalence of RH is 1 to 4% in the general population. RH commonly occurs in patients with migraine and tension-type headache. The deficit of central sensitization and psychological factors play an important role in initiating and maintaining of RH. Treatment of noofen for 2 months is effective in 75% of patients with RH...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050867/acute-type-a-aortic-dissection-in-a-patient-with-paraganglioma
#17
Andreia Dos Santos Borrego, Pedro Carrilho Ferreira, Fausto J Pinto
Acute aortic dissection is the most common acute aortic syndrome. It is more prevalent in males and in the elderly, and has a high mortality. Hypertension is the main risk factor. Diagnosis is based on clinical features, laboratory tests and imaging exams. Treatment is usually surgical, although in some cases an endovascular approach is an alternative. Paraganglioma is an uncommon neuroendocrine tumor. Most produce catecholamines, and so usually manifest with hypertensive crisis, palpitations, headache and sweating...
October 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042857/clinical-implications-of-associations-between-headache-and-gastrointestinal-disorders-a-study-using-the-hallym-smart-clinical-data-warehouse
#18
Sang-Hwa Lee, Jae-June Lee, Youngsuk Kwon, Jong-Ho Kim, Jong-Hee Sohn
BACKGROUND: The brain and gastrointestinal (GI) tract are strongly connected via neural, endocrine, and immune pathways. Previous studies suggest that headaches, especially migraines, may be associated with various GI disorders. However, upper GI endoscopy in migraineurs has shown a low prevalence of abnormal findings. Also, the majority of studies have not demonstrated an association between Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection and migraine, although a pathogenic role for HP infection in migraines has been suggested...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039341/the-practice-of-self-medication-among-pakistani-university-students
#19
Mamoona Mushtaq, Saleem Gul, Fauzia Naz
Self-medication refers to the selection and use of medicines without prescription by an individuals' personal responsibility as a cure of self-identified disease. Although its rationale, type and extent may different from culture to culture, it is globally prevalent practice. In Pakistan no research is available on the use of self-medication among university students. The existing study was conducted to investigate the frequency and percentages of branded medicines used by university students, reasons and rationale behind self-medication...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030731/burden-of-migraine-in-a-kuwaiti-population-a-door-to-door-survey
#20
Jasem Yousef Al-Hashel, Samar Farouk Ahmed, Raed Alroughani
BACKGROUND: Migraine prevalence and disability imprints on Kuwaiti population are underreported. We aimed to measure the prevalence of migraine and to assess its burden in Kuwait. METHODS: A cross-sectional community-based study was conducted which included biologically unrelated Kuwaiti adult population aged 18-65 years. They were randomly recruited from all six governments of Kuwait using stratified multistage cluster sampling. Trained interviewers visited the samples in door-to-door approach...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
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