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Massage therapy

Samantha Rothberg, Benjamin W Friedman
BACKGROUND: A total of 2.7 million patients present to US emergency departments annually for management of low back pain (LBP). Despite optimal medical therapy, more than 50% remain functionally impaired 3 months later. We performed a systematic review to address the following question: Among patients with nonchronic LBP, does spinal manipulation, massage, exercise, or yoga, when combined with standard medical therapy, improve pain and functional outcomes more than standard medical therapy alone? METHODS: We used published searches to identify relevant studies, supplemented with our own updated search...
October 5, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Helene M Langevin, Patricia Keely, Jun Mao, Lisa M Hodge, Robert Schleip, Gary Deng, Boris Hinz, Melody A Swartz, Beverley A de Valois, Suzanna Zick, Thomas Findley
Complementary and integrative treatments, such as massage, acupuncture, and yoga, are used by increasing numbers of cancer patients to manage symptoms and improve their quality of life. In addition, such treatments may have other important and currently overlooked benefits by reducing tissue stiffness and improving mobility. Recent advances in cancer biology are underscoring the importance of connective tissue in the local tumor environment. Inflammation and fibrosis are well-recognized contributors to cancer, and connective tissue stiffness is emerging as a driving factor in tumor growth...
October 11, 2016: Cancer Research
J Durham, M Al-Baghdadi, L Baad-Hansen, M Breckons, J P Goulet, F Lobbezoo, T List, A Michelotti, Nixdorf, C C Peck, K Raphael, E Schiffman, J G Steele, W Story, R Ohrbach
Self-management (SM) programmes are commonly used for initial treatment of patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD). The programmes described in the literature, however, vary widely with no consistency in terminology used, components of care, or their definitions. The aims of this study were, therefore, to: construct an operationalized definition of self-management appropriate for the treatment of patients with TMD; identify the components of that self-management currently being used; create sufficiently clear and non-overlapping standardized definitions for each of those components...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Shilpa Babbar, Karen B Williams, Dev Maulik
The use of complementary and alternative medicine during pregnancy is currently on the rise. A validated survey was conducted at the Central Association of Obstetrician and Gynecologists annual meeting to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and practice of general obstetricians and gynecologists and maternal-fetal medicine specialists in America. We obtained 128 responses: 73 electronically (57%) and 55 via the paper survey (43%). Forty-five percent reported personally using complementary and alternative medicine and 9% of women respondents used complementary and alternative medicine during pregnancy...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
Syal Kumar, Thomas Rampp, Christian Kessler, Michael Jeitler, Gustav J Dobos, Rainer Lüdtke, Larissa Meier, Andreas Michalsen
OBJECTIVES: Ayurveda is one of the oldest comprehensive healthcare systems worldwide. Ayurvedic massage and physical therapy are frequently used to treat patients with chronic pain syndromes and disorders of the musculoskeletal system. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of Ayurvedic massage in nonspecific chronic low back pain by means of a randomized clinical trial. DESIGN: Sixty-four patients (mean age, 54.8 years; 49 women and 15 men) with chronic low back pain who scored >40 mm on a 100-mm visual analogue scale (VAS) were randomly assigned to a 2-week massage group with 6 hours of Ayurvedic massage and external treatment (n = 32) or to a 2-week local thermal therapy group (n = 32)...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Xiao-Jun Wu, Feng Gao, Xu Liu, Qing Zhao
The aim of the present study was to observe the clinical efficacy and safety of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) combined with compound anisodine in treating central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO). Forty-eight patients diagnosed with CRAO were randomly divided into a treatment group (24 cases) and a control group (24 cases). For the control group, nitroglycerin, 654-2, methazolamide, puerarin and compound anisodine were used for the treatment, along with oxygen, massage and other conventional treatments...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Casey O'Connor, Yvonne Braun, Sjoerd P F T Nota, Timothy Baloda, David Ring
Background: Variation in pain intensity and magnitude of disability among patients with musculoskeletal illness is largely accounted for by variations in symptoms of depression, catastrophic thinking, and heightened illness concern. It is possible that patients with greater stress, distress, and less effective coping strategies might be more likely to seek the use of Complementary Health Approaches (CHA). This study addressed the primary null hypothesis that there are no demographic, illness-related, or psychological factors associated with CHA use among patients with upper extremity illness...
September 2016: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
Gulis Kavadar, Demet Tekdos Demircioğlu, Halil Can, Tuluhan Yunus Emre, Erdinç Civelek, Abdulhalim Senyigit
BACKGROUND: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use has been increasing. OBJECTIVE: To identify the factors associated with perceived benefit from CAM methods in back problems. METHODS: The study was conducted on patients who practiced any CAM methods due to complaints of back pain. Social-demographic properties, details of CAM methods employed were questioned. Severity of pain was measured by visual analog scale (VAS); benefits were evaluated by the Likert scale...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
François Segretin, Guillaume Paris, Sarah Cheriet, Yohann Delarue
OBJECTIVE: The chronic lateral epicondylitis is a common pathology with an economic impact. Actually, many costly therapies are prescribed without evidence of their effectiveness. Physical therapies seem to be neglected. However, they can correct actions at risk and involve the patient in his rehabilitation. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study evaluated the effectiveness of a standardized 2 month rehabilitation program composed of: an outpatient group education session, 18 liberal physical therapy sessions with correction of the posture of the trunk and shoulder, eccentric strengthening of the supinator muscles and the wrist extensor muscles, stretching, and some self daily exercises (transverse friction massage and stretching) according to Pernot-Comtet protocol...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Vitsarut Buttagat, Thitipong Narktro, Kamonporn Onsrira, Chaithawat Pobsamai
OBJECTIVE: To investigate effects of traditional Thai massage (TTM) on electromyographic (EMG) activity, muscle tension and pain intensity in patients with upper back pain associated with myofascial trigger points (MTrPs). DESIGN: A single-blind, randomized clinical trial. SETTING: The Department of Physical Therapy, School of Health Science, Mae Fah Luang University, Thailand. INTERVENTION: Fifty patients were randomly assigned to receive a 30-min session of either TTM or control (sham microwave diathermy)...
October 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Neziha Karabulut, Yeşim Yaman Aktaş
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to examine nurses' approaches to care of patients with postoperative delirium in the postanesthesia care unit and intensive care unit. DESIGN: A descriptive survey design was used. METHODS: Eighty-seven nurses who have been working at a Training and Research Hospital in Erzurum, east of Turkey, were enrolled in this study between October 1 and November 20, 2012. FINDINGS: 83.9% of the nurses reported that they had given pharmacologic therapy for pain management in delirium patients, 39...
October 2016: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
Diana Solari, Francesca Tesi, Matthias Unterhuber, Germano Gaggioli, Andrea Ungar, Marco Tomaino, Michele Brignole
OBJECTIVES: Most elderly patients affected by reflex vasodepressor syncope take one or more hypotensive drugs. The role of these drugs in causing syncope has not yet been established. We hypothesised that recurrence of syncope and presyncope can be reduced by discontinuing/reducing vasoactive therapy without increasing the risk of cardiovascular and neurological events. METHODS: This randomised, parallel, prospective, trial was conducted from January 2014 to March 2016 in four general hospitals...
September 23, 2016: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
Helen Hall, Holger Cramer, Tobias Sundberg, Lesley Ward, Jon Adams, Craig Moore, David Sibbritt, Romy Lauche
BACKGROUND: Low back pain and pelvic girth pain are common in pregnancy and women commonly utilize complementary manual therapies such as massage, spinal manipulation, chiropractic, and osteopathy to manage their symptoms. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematically review was to critically appraise and synthesize the best available evidence regarding the effectiveness of manual therapies for managing pregnancy-related low back and pelvic pain. METHODS: Seven databases were searched from their inception until April 2015 for randomized controlled trials...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Peter Moortgat, Mieke Anthonissen, Jill Meirte, Ulrike Van Daele, Koen Maertens
Vacuum massage is a non-invasive mechanical massage technique performed with a mechanical device that lifts the skin by means of suction, creates a skin fold and mobilises that skin fold. In the late 1970s, this therapy was introduced to treat traumatic or burn scars. Although vacuum massage was invented to treat burns and scars, one can find very little literature on the effects of this intervention. Therefore, the aim of this review is to present an overview of the available literature on the physical and physiological effects of vacuum massage on epidermal and dermal skin structures in order to find the underlying working mechanisms that could benefit the healing of burns and scars...
2016: Burns and trauma
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 9 in vol. 9.].
September 2016: International Journal of Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork
Laura Allen
OBJECTIVES: To study the effects of massage on chronic low-back pain in a patient with four different diagnoses: osteoarthritis, scoliosis, spinal stenosis, and degenerative disc disease. The patient's goal was to cut down on the amount of pain medication he takes. METHODS: A 63-year-old man with chronic back pain received four massages across a twenty-day period. Progress was recorded using the Oswestry Low Back Pain Scale, as he self-reported on levels of pain and interference with his activities of daily living...
September 2016: International Journal of Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork
Ann B Kennedy, Jerrilyn A Cambron, Patricia A Sharpe, Ravensara S Travillian, Ruth P Saunders
BACKGROUND: Massage therapists are at times unclear about the definition of massage therapy, which creates challenges for the profession. It is important to investigate the current definitions and to consider the field as a whole in order to move toward clarity on what constitutes the constructs within the profession. PURPOSE: To determine how a sample of experts understand and describe the field of massage therapy as a step toward clarifying definitions for massage and massage therapy, and framing the process of massage therapy practice...
September 2016: International Journal of Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork
Tido Von Schoen-Angerer, Elisabeth Helmschmidt, René Madeleyn, Reinhard Kindt, Christoph Möller, Gunver Sophia Kienle, Jan Vagedes
INTRODUCTION: Pervasive refusal syndrome (PRS) describes children with social withdrawal who become unable to walk, eat, or care for themselves. This case report examines whether an integrative medicine approach is useful for treating PRS. CASE PRESENTATION: A seven-year-old girl with symptoms most consistent with PRS and depression was admitted to a pediatric ward in Germany that integrates conventional pediatric and psychosomatic care with anthroposophic medicine...
September 2, 2016: Permanente Journal
Amanda Baskwill
An element of professionalization is the development of a body of knowledge and the integration of that knowledge into practice, also known as evidence-informed practice (EIP). EIP was officially adopted in Ontario, Canada, by the massage therapy profession in 2002 when the professional competency document was updated to include competencies related to research literacy (College of Massage Therapists of Ontario, 2002). Despite efforts to increase EIP, there continues to be a research-practice gap in massage therapy...
July 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Ann Blair Kennedy, Jerrilyn A Cambron, Patricia A Sharpe, Ravensara S Travillian, Ruth P Saunders
BACKGROUND: Little evidence exists about processes in massage therapy practice. Investigating current frameworks is warranted. This qualitative study is a secondary data analysis using grounded theory to understand how massage therapy experts describe massage therapy practice. METHODS: 31 massage therapy experts were invited to a 2-day symposium to discuss best practices for the profession. Through qualitative analysis, memoing, and discussion, the data were summarized into themes...
July 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
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