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Ada 2014

Rachel Margaret Coyle, Ada Rose Miltz, Fiona C Lampe, Janey Sewell, Andrew N Phillips, Andrew Speakman, Jyoti Dhar, Lorraine Sherr, S Tariq Sadiq, Stephen Taylor, Daniel R Ivens, Simon Collins, Jonathan Elford, Jane Anderson, Alison Rodger
OBJECTIVES: In the UK, people of black ethnicity experience a disproportionate burden of HIV and STI. We aimed to assess the association of ethnicity with sexual behaviour and sexual health among women and heterosexual men attending genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinics in England. METHODS: The Attitudes to and Understanding of Risk of Acquisition of HIV is a cross-sectional, self-administered questionnaire study of HIV negative people recruited from 20 GUM clinics in England, 2013-2014...
March 8, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
John K Marshall, Louis Bessette, Carter Thorne, Neil H Shear, Gerald Lebovic, Sebastien K Gerega, Brad Millson, Driss Oraichi, Tania Gaetano, Sandra Gazel, Martin G Latour, Marie-Claude Laliberté
PURPOSE: Adalimumab (ADA) is a tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitor indicated for use in various immune-mediated inflammatory diseases. Patients receiving ADA in Canada are eligible to enroll in the AbbVie Care's Patient Support Program (PSP), which provides personalized services, including tailored interventions in the form of nurse-provided care coach calls (CCCs), with the goal of improving patients' experiences and outcomes. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of PSP services, including CCCs and patient characteristics, on persistence with and adherence to ADA for those patients enrolled in the PSP...
March 5, 2018: Clinical Therapeutics
Riccardo Di Domenicantonio, Francesco Trotta, Silvia Cascini, Nera Agabiti, Anna Kohn, Antonio Gasbarrini, Marina Davoli, Antonio Addis
Background: The comparison of effectiveness and safety of anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha agents for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is relevant for clinical practice and stakeholders. Objective: The objective of this study was to compare the risk of abdominal surgery, steroid utilization, and hospitalization for infection in Crohn's disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC) patients newly treated with infliximab (IFX) or adalimumab (ADA). Methods: A retrospective population-based cohort study was performed using health information systems data from Lazio region, Italy...
2018: Clinical Epidemiology
Lei Lynn, Dana Kay, Naji Younes, Sabyasachi Sen, Vivek Jain
BACKGROUND: Diabetes Mellitus is one of the most common chronic diseases in the United States and worldwide. In 2009 the American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommended using A1C greater than 6.5% to diagnose diabetes. Hemoglobin A1C can be measured by laboratory and Point-of-Care (POC) methods. It is important to compare results obtained by the two modalities to determine the proper use of these tests. METHODS: One hundred fifteen patients were identified to have both POC and laboratory A1C values obtained on the same day, between August 2013 and August 2014...
February 6, 2018: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
Şahin Zeteroğlu, Melisa Aslan, Bertan Akar, Rukiye Ada Bender, Alper Başbuğ, Eray Çalışkan
Uterine rupture during pregnancy is associated with high mortality and morbidity rates in both the fetus and the mother. Hysteroscopic surgeries such as myomectomy and septum resection are known risk factors for uterine rupture in pregnancy following the operation. We present four infertile patients who were admitted to Kocaeli Medical Park Hospital between February 2014 and November 2016. Three of the patients underwent hysteroscopic septum resection without complication and one had hysteroscopic myomectomy and a 7-8 mm sized rupture was detected...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Julie Richardson, Ada Tang, Gordon Guyatt, Lehana Thabane, Feng Xie, Demetrios Sahlas, Robert Hart, Rebecca Fleck, Genevieve Hladysh, Louise Macrae
BACKGROUND: The current state of evidence suggests that community-based exercise programs are beneficial in improving impairment, function, and health status, and are greatly needed for persons with stroke. However, limitations of these studies include risk of bias, feasibility, and cost issues. METHODS/DESIGN: This single-blinded, randomized controlled trial (RCT) of 216 participants with stroke will compare the effectiveness of a 12-week YMCA community-based wellness program (FIT for FUNCTION) specifically designed for community-dwelling persons with stroke to persons who receive a standard YMCA membership...
January 15, 2018: Trials
Ada Redondo-Benito, Adrian Curran, Ana Villar-Gomez, Ernesto Trallero-Araguas, Andreu Fernández-Codina, Iago Pinal-Fernandez, Jose Ángel Rodrigo-Pendás, Albert Selva-O'Callaghan
AIM: To describe the prevalence, clinical characteristics and risk factors of opportunistic infection (OI) in a cohort of patients with inflammatory myopathies, and compare mortality rates between those with and without OIs. METHODS: In total, 204 patients from our myositis cohort were reviewed to identify patients who had experienced an OI during the period 1986-2014. The patients' clinical characteristics, treatments received, and outcomes were systematically recorded...
February 2018: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Stephen Brealey, Alison L Armstrong, Andrew Brooksbank, Andrew Jonathan Carr, Charalambos P Charalambous, Cushla Cooper, Belen Corbacho, Joseph Dias, Iona Donnelly, Lorna Goodchild, Catherine Hewitt, Ada Keding, Lucksy Kottam, Sarah E Lamb, Catriona McDaid, Matthew Northgraves, Gerry Richardson, Sara Rodgers, Sarwat Shah, Emma Sharp, Sally Spencer, David Torgerson, Francine Toye, Amar Rangan
BACKGROUND: Frozen shoulder (also known as adhesive capsulitis) occurs when the capsule, or the soft tissue envelope around the ball and socket shoulder joint, becomes scarred and contracted, making the shoulder tight, painful and stiff. It affects around 1 in 12 men and 1 in 10 women of working age. Although this condition can settle with time (typically taking 1 to 3 years), for some people it causes severe symptoms and needs referral to hospital. Our aim is to evaluate the clinical and cost-effectiveness of two invasive and costly surgical interventions that are commonly used in secondary care in the National Health Service (NHS) compared with a non-surgical comparator of Early Structured Physiotherapy...
December 22, 2017: Trials
Sebastiano Guarnaccia, Cristina Quecchia, Andrea Festa, Michele Magoni, Marco Moneda, Valeria Gretter, Carmelo Scarcella, Ada Pluda, Cinzia Gasparotti, Malica Frassine, Luigi Vitale, Emanuele D'Agata, Rosa Maria Limina, Francesco Donato
BACKGROUND: In spite of some evidence for positive effects of patient's education to asthma self-management by randomized clinical trials, there are few studies on the impact of patient' s educational programs in the real world. We aimed to assess the impact of a diagnostic therapeutic educational pathway (DTEP) on asthma control of children and adolescents by comparing frequency of outcomes indicative of asthma control before and after attending the pathway. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study including all patients aged 6-11 and 12-17 years who attended the DTEP in 2007-2014...
November 23, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
Christopher R Roxbury, J Trent Magruder, Murugappan Ramanathan, Michael Lim, Gary L Gallia, Masaru Ishii, Douglas D Reh
BACKGROUND: Sellar pathology is increasingly addressed using the expanded endonasal approach (EEA). Although avascular graft reconstruction is an acceptable means to prevent cerebrospinal fluid leak, there are few data regarding sinonasal morbidity in these patients. In this study we compare rates of persistent postoperative crusting (PPC) and rhinosinusitis in patients undergoing sellar reconstruction with mucosal autografting and acellular dermal allografting (ADA). METHODS: Patients undergoing the EEA between 2008 and 2014 were categorized into 2 subgroups: mucosal reconstruction and ADA reconstruction...
December 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Jorim J Tielbeek, Ada Johansson, Tinca J C Polderman, Marja-Riitta Rautiainen, Philip Jansen, Michelle Taylor, Xiaoran Tong, Qing Lu, Alexandra S Burt, Henning Tiemeier, Essi Viding, Robert Plomin, Nicholas G Martin, Andrew C Heath, Pamela A F Madden, Grant Montgomery, Kevin M Beaver, Irwin Waldman, Joel Gelernter, Henry R Kranzler, Lindsay A Farrer, John R B Perry, Marcus Munafò, Devon LoParo, Tiina Paunio, Jari Tiihonen, Sabine E Mous, Irene Pappa, Christiaan de Leeuw, Kyoko Watanabe, Anke R Hammerschlag, Jessica E Salvatore, Fazil Aliev, Tim B Bigdeli, Danielle Dick, Stephen V Faraone, Arne Popma, Sarah E Medland, Danielle Posthuma
Importance: Antisocial behavior (ASB) places a large burden on perpetrators, survivors, and society. Twin studies indicate that half of the variation in this trait is genetic. Specific causal genetic variants have, however, not been identified. Objectives: To estimate the single-nucleotide polymorphism-based heritability of ASB; to identify novel genetic risk variants, genes, or biological pathways; to test for pleiotropic associations with other psychiatric traits; and to reevaluate the candidate gene era data through the Broad Antisocial Behavior Consortium...
December 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
Peter Bhoi, Louis Bessette, Mary J Bell, Cathy Tkaczyk, Francois Nantel, Karina Maslova
OBJECTIVES: Subcutaneous tumour necrosis factor alpha TNFαinhibitors (SC-TNFis) such as golimumab (GLM), adalimumab (ADA), etanercept (ETA) and certolizumab pegol (CZP) have been used for many years for the treatment of inflammatory arthritis. Non-adherence to therapy is an important modifiable factor that may compromise patient outcomes. The aim of this analysis was to compare adherence and dosing interval of SC-TNFis in the treatment of people with inflammatory arthritis. DESIGN: We used the IMS Brogan database combining both Canadian private and public drug plan databases of Ontario and Quebec...
September 18, 2017: BMJ Open
Fatih Ada, Kemalettin Ucanok, Ahmet Ruchan Akar, Mustafa Bahadir Inan, Serkan Durdu, Mustafa Sirlak, Levent Yazicioglu, Adnan Uysalel, Sadik Eryilmaz
BACKGROUND: Many of the previous studies on tricuspid valve surgery were on the materials that were used and the advantages and disadvantages of them. In this study, effects of preoperative tricuspid valve diameter on early postoperative outcomes were investigated. Methods: A total of 43 patients who underwent tricuspid valve repair surgery with the ring between the years 2012-2014 were included in this study. Tricuspid valve diameters and other cardiac functions of patients undergoing tricuspid intervention were evaluated with transthoracic echocardiography...
August 24, 2017: Heart Surgery Forum
Allan J Formicola
This article provides an overview of the status of students applying to and enrolling in dental schools in the United States over a ten-year period from 2004-05 to 2014-15. The data are mainly drawn from published reports of the American Dental Association (ADA) and American Dental Education Association (ADEA). This overview includes trends on tuition levels, diversity in enrollment, and debt levels of students upon graduation as well as students' satisfaction with their education. This article was written as part of the project "Advancing Dental Education in the 21(st) Century...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Silvia Messina, Claudio Solaro, Isabella Righini, Roberto Bergamaschi, Simona Bonavita, Roberto Bruno Bossio, Vincenzo Brescia Morra, Gianfranco Costantino, Paola Cavalla, Diego Centonze, Giancarlo Comi, Salvatore Cottone, Maura Chiara Danni, Ada Francia, Alberto Gajofatto, Claudio Gasperini, Mauro Zaffaroni, Loredana Petrucci, Elisabetta Signoriello, Giorgia Teresa Maniscalco, Gabriella Spinicci, Manuela Matta, Massimiliano Mirabella, Graziella Pedà, Letizia Castelli, Marco Rovaris, Edoardo Sessa, Daniele Spitaleri, Damiano Paolicelli, Alfredo Granata, Mario Zappia, Francesco Patti
BACKGROUND: The approval of Sativex for the management of multiple sclerosis (MS) spasticity opened a new opportunity to many patients. In Italy, the healthcare payer can be fully reimbursed by the involved pharma company with the cost of treatment for patients not responding after a 4 week (28 days) trial period (Payment by Results, PbR), and 50% reimbursed with the cost of 6 weeks (42 days) treatment for other patients discontinuing (Cost Sharing, CS). The aim of our study was to describe the Sativex discontinuation profile from a large population of spasticity treated Italian MS patients...
2017: PloS One
Thomas Delate, Roxanne Meyer, Daniel Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Although most biologic medications for patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have recommended fixed dosing, actual biologic dosing may vary among real-world patients, since some patients can receive higher (high-dose outliers) or lower (low-dose outliers) doses than what is recommended in medication package inserts. OBJECTIVE: To describe the patterns of care for biologic-dosing outliers and nonoutliers in biologic-naive patients with RA. METHODS: This was a retrospective, longitudinal cohort study of patients with RA who were not pregnant and were aged ≥ 18 and < 90 years from an integrated health care delivery system...
August 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
H Xu, J R Liu, S Y Zhao
Objective: To summarize the clinical diagnostic essentials of pediatric tuberculous pleurisy so as to reduce the misdiagnosis rate. Method: A retrospective study was conducted on 113 cases of tuberculous pleurisy who were seen from August 2006 to September 2014 in the second Department of Respiratory Medicine, Beijing Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University. Meanwhile, another 113 cases of children over 5 years of age with mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia complicated with pleural effusion were randomly selected as control group...
July 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Lavinia Fabeni, Giulia Berno, Joseph Fokam, Ada Bertoli, Claudia Alteri, Caterina Gori, Federica Forbici, Desiré Takou, Alessandra Vergori, Mauro Zaccarelli, Gaetano Maffongelli, Vanni Borghi, Alessandra Latini, Alfredo Pennica, Claudio Maria Mastroianni, Francesco Montella, Cristina Mussini, Massimo Andreoni, Andrea Antinori, Carlo Federico Perno, Maria Mercedes Santoro
HIV-1 non-B subtypes/circulating recombinant forms (CRFs) are increasing worldwide. Since subtype identification can be clinically relevant, we assessed the added value in HIV-1 subtyping using updated molecular phylogeny (Mphy) and the performance of routinely used automated tools. Updated Mphy (2015 updated reference sequences), used as a gold standard, was performed to subtype 13,116 HIV-1 protease/reverse transcriptase sequences and then compared with previous Mphy (reference sequences until 2014) and with COMET, REGA, SCUEAL, and Stanford subtyping tools...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Ada C Dieke, Yujia Zhang, Dmitry M Kissin, Wanda D Barfield, Sheree L Boulet
Disparities in infertility and access to infertility treatments, such as assisted reproductive technology (ART), by race/ethnicity, have been reported. However, identifying disparities in ART usage may have been hampered by missing race/ethnicity information in ART surveillance. We review infertility prevalence and treatment disparities, use recent data to examine ART use in the United States by race/ethnicity and residency in states with mandated insurance coverage for in vitro fertilization (IVF), and discuss approaches for reducing disparities...
June 2017: Journal of Women's Health
Kyle D Null, Yihua Xu, Margaret K Pasquale, Chinyu Su, Amy Marren, James Harnett, Jack Mardekian, Alireza Manuchehri, Paul Healey
OBJECTIVES: To examine treatment patterns, dosing, health care resource utilization, and cost of tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi), adalimumab (ADA) and infliximab (IFX), among patients enrolled in US Humana insurance plans who have been diagnosed with ulcerative colitis (UC). METHODS: This retrospective cohort study identified the first pharmacy or medical claim for ADA or IFX (from January 1, 2007, to December 31, 2014) in patients with continuous enrollment for 6 months or more preindex and 12 months or more postindex, with one or more UC diagnosis claim 6 months pre- or postindex...
June 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
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