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Weiling Xu, Fangchao Gong, Dong Dong, Baorong Chi, Jingyu Wang
RATIONALE: Although rare, cases of renal failure secondary to a uretero-inguinal hernia have been reported. PATIENT CONCERNS: Here, we report a case of left renal failure caused by chronic obstructive uropathy due to a uretero-inguinal hernia combined with contralateral renal pelvic carcinoma. DIAGNOSES: The present case highly indicated that a comprehensive examination is very important when diagnosing an inguinal hernia. In particular, it is necessary to check whether the ureter is involved or not...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Lingxiao Gong, Wenyan Cao, Hailin Chi, Jing Wang, Huijuan Zhang, Jie Liu, Baoguo Sun
The intakes of whole cereal grains (WCGs) have long been linked to decreased risks of metabolic syndromes (MetS) and several chronic diseases. Owing to the complex range of components of cereals, which may show synergistic activities to mediate these protective effects, the mechanisms by which the benefits of whole cereals arise are not fully understood. The gut microbiota has recently become a new focus of research at the intersection of diet and metabolic health. Moreover, cereals contain various ingredients known as microbiota-accessible substrates that resist digestion in the upper gastrointestinal tract, including resistant starch and non-starch polysaccharides such as β-glucan and arabinoxylans, making them an important fuel for the microbiota...
January 2018: Food Research International
Angang Ding, Jia Li, Xia Gong, Xiong P, Li Jiang
OBJECTIVES: For lesions in the salivary glands, ultrasonography (US) is an ideal tool for initial assessment. The aim of this study was to characterize and differentiate between the Gray scale and Doppler US findings of intracapsular carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma (Ic-CxPA) and invasive carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma (Inv-CxPA). METHODS: A total of 87 patients (89 lesions) with histopathologically proven CxPA underwent US examination. The following characteristics were assessed on US images: size, shape, border, echogenicity, echo texture, posterior echo, vascularity, and regional lymph node enlargement...
January 24, 2018: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
W Cai, C H Hu, X M Wang, S Hu, J Bao, J P Gong, G H Fan, W Zhang, D Shi, M H Qian
Objective: To investigate the feasibility of low tube voltage, low contrast medium concentration, injection rate and volume (quadri-low) combined with automatic tube current modulation (ATCM) and iterative model reconstruction (IMR) technology in head and neck CT angiography (CTA). Methods: A total of 70 patients whose body mass index (BMI)<25 kg/m(2) underwent head and neck CTA and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) from January to July 2017 were enrolled in this prospective study. According to random number table, patients were divided into two groups: group A (n=35) was scanned according to the protocol of 120 kV, 150 mAs, 50 ml and 5 ml/s iopromide (370 mg/ml) and filtered back projection (FBP) reconstruction; group B (n=35) was scanned with 80 kV, ATCM with mean tube current of 100 mAs, 30 ml and 3 ml/s iohexol (300 mg/ml) and IMR; the other parameters kept consistent between the two groups...
January 2, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Shan Huang, Shuyu Zheng, Tuotuo Gong, Hongbing Ma, Yue Ke, Songchuan Zhao, Wenyu Wang, Lijun Jia, Xiaozhi Zhang
Purpose: To evaluate the survival benefit of radiotherapy (RT) in esophageal cancer (EC) patients aged ≥ 80. Materials and Methods: Records for all EC patients aged ≥ 65 years were extracted from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. Chi-square test compared the characteristic and treatment between patients aged ≥ 80 with those aged 65-79. Focusing on patients aged ≥ 80, we employed multivariable logistic regression to identify the association between selection of RT and patients' characteristics...
December 19, 2017: Oncotarget
H J Qu, L Wang, P H Jin, Q Gao, J X Zhou, Y Song, J Wang, Y M Jiang, L Gong, G Y Chen, J P Ding, J P Shi
Objective: To investigate the value of 1H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) in determining the content of liver triglyceride in patients with fatty liver disease (FLD), as well as its influencing factors. Methods: A total of 124 patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), chronic hepatitis B (CHB), or hepatitis B complicated by FLD who underwent liver biopsy in the Affiliated Hospital of Hangzhou Normal University were enrolled, and the clinical data, serological markers, FibroScan results, and (1)H-MRS results were collected...
November 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
Ze-You Wang, Min Hu, Min-Hui Dai, Jing Xiong, Shuai Zhang, Han-Jiang Wu, Shan-Shan Zhang, Zhao-Jian Gong
BACKGROUND: Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) actin filament associated protein 1 antisense RNA1 (AFAP1-AS1) is oriented in an antisense direction to the protein-coding gene AFAP1 in the opposite strand. Previous studies showed that lncRNA AFAP1-AS1 was upregulated and acted as an oncogene in a variety of tumors. However, the expression and biological functions of lncRNA AFAP1-AS1 in tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) are still unknown. METHODS: The expression level of AFAP1-AS1 was measured in 103 pairs of human TSCC tissues and corresponding adjacent normal tongue mucous tissues...
January 8, 2018: Molecular Cancer
Yating Sun, Jingtang Liu, Lei Li, Chi Gong, Shuping Wang, Fan Yang, Huiming Hua, Houwen Lin
Two new butenolide derivatives (±)-asperteretal D ((±)-1) and asperteretal E (2) containing rare 2-benzyl-3-phenyl substituted lactone core, together with nine known analogues (3-11) were obtained from a fungus Aspergillus terreus derived from the marine sponge Phakellia fusca. All the structures were elucidated on the basis of extensive NMR spectroscopic data. The chiral chromatography analyses allowed the separation of the (±)-asperteretal D, of which the absolute configurations were determined by comparing the experimental to calculated electronic circular dichroic (ECD) spectra...
December 22, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Shuaishuai Xu, Shidong Ruan, Xiaoyu Song, Jinyu Yu, Jianrong Xu, Ruozhen Gong
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate vertebral artery anomaly at the craniovertebral junction (CVJ) in patients with basilar invagination (BI) by computed tomographic angiography (CTA), and to discuss the prevention strategy of vascular injury. METHODS: The primary axial, multiple planar reconstruction and volume-rendering cervicocranial CTA images of 39 BI patients were analysed to evaluate vertebral artery anomaly at the CVJ: persistent first intersegmental artery (PFIA), fenestrated vertebral artery (FEN), and extracranial C1/2 origin of posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA), high-riding vertebral artery, side-to-side asymmetry and irregular midline carotid artery loop was determined by subjective vision...
December 29, 2017: European Spine Journal
Da-Peng Xu, Wei-Dong Qu, Chao Sun, Rong-Yu Cao, Dian-Wei Liu, Ping-Gong Du
The aim of the study was to investigate the association between environmental factors and nonsyndromic cleft of the lip and/or palate (NSCL/P) in Yantai District, China. A retrospective case-control study was carried out. A total of 236 NSCL/P children were selected from Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of Yantai Stomatological Hospital between September 2013 and December 2016 as cases; 209 controls were chosen from other diagnosis in the same department during the same period. The 2 groups matched age and sex...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Pei-Shin Hu, Wen-Shin Chang, An-Kuo Chou, Ning-Yi Hsia, Yi-Wen Hung, Chia-Wen Lin, Cin-Wun Wu, Chung-Yu Huang, Meng-Feng Wu, Cheng-Hsi Liao, Chia-Wen Tsai, DA-Tian Bau, Chi-Li Gong
BACKGROUND/AIM: Pterygium is composed of proliferating fibrovascular tissue, and its formation and progression are closely related to the homeostasis of the extracellular microenvironment. However, few studies have examined the contribution of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) to either diagnostic or prognostic potential in pterygium. In this study, we investigated the contribution of a polymorphism in the promoter region of MMP-8 (-799C/T) and two non-synonymous polymorphisms (Val436Ala and Lys460Thr) to pterygium...
January 2018: In Vivo
Cong Chen, Zhengguo Shang, Jia Gong, Feng Zhang, Hong Zhou, Bin Tang, Yi Xu, Chi Zhang, Ya Yang, Xiaojing Mu
Aluminum nitride offers unique material advantages for the realization of ultra-high frequency acoustic devices due to its high ratio of stiffness to density, compatibility with harsh environments and superior thermal properties. Although to date aluminum nitride thin film has been widely investigated in electrical and mechanical characteristics under alternating small signal excitation, its ultrathin nature under large bias may also provide novel and useful properties. Here we present a comprehensive investigation of electric field stiffening effect in c-oriented aluminum nitride piezoelectric thin film...
December 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Sheng-Ge Li, Kai-Bo Wang, Chi Gong, Yu Bao, Ning-Bo Qin, Da-Hong Li, Zhan-Lin Li, Jiao Bai, Hui-Ming Hua
Seventeen quinazoline alkaloids and derivatives, containing two pairs of new epimers, named as (S)- and (R)-1-(2-aminobenzyl)-3-hydroxypyrrolidin-2-one β-d-glucopyranosyl-(1 → 6)-β-d-glucopyranoside (1, 2), (S)- and (R)-vasicinone β-d-glucopyranosyl-(1 → 6)-β-d-glucopyranoside (3, 4), and a new enantiomer (12b), together with six known ones (5-8, 10, and 12a), and three pairs of known enantiomers (9, 11, and 13), were isolated from the ethanol extracts of the seeds of Peganum harmala L.. Their structures including the absolute configuration were elucidated by using 1D and 2D NMR, and ECD calculation approaches...
December 5, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Jiao Bai, Xue-Yan Huang, Zhi-Guo Liu, Chi Gong, Xin-Yu Li, Da-Hong Li, Hui-Ming Hua, Zhan-Lin Li
Three new diterpenoids, ebractenoids O~Q (1-3), and a new phenolic glucoside, γ-pyrone-3-O-β-d-(6-galloyl)-glucopyranoside (4), together with 6 known compounds, were isolated from the 95% ethanol extract of the roots of Euphorbia ebracteolata, and their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic data. The absolute configurations of 1-3 were determined by electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations. The inhibitory effects of all the isolates with exception of compounds 8 and 10 on the NO production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced macrophages were evaluated...
December 5, 2017: Fitoterapia
Chia-Yeh Chou, Chien-Yu Huang, Yi-Jing Huang, Gong-Hong Lin, Sheau-Ling Huang, Shu-Chun Lee, Ching-Lin Hsieh
BACKGROUND: No studies have compared the 2-factor structures of Wong's and Post's versions of the short-form Stroke-Specific Quality of Life (i.e., 12-item SSQOL) scale. This study compared the construct validity of 2 short-forms of the 12-item-SSQOL (not the 12-domain-SSQOL). METHODS: Data were obtained from a previous validation study of the original 49-item SSQOL in 263 patients. Construct validity was tested by confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to examine whether the two-factor structure, including psychosocial and physical domains, was supported in both versions...
2017: PloS One
Zhongjie Fu, Chatarina A Löfqvist, Raffael Liegl, Zhongxiao Wang, Ye Sun, Yan Gong, Chi-Hsiu Liu, Steven S Meng, Samuel B Burnim, Ivana Arellano, My T Chouinard, Rubi Duran, Alexander Poblete, Steve S Cho, James D Akula, Michael Kinter, David Ley, Ingrid Hansen Pupp, Saswata Talukdar, Ann Hellström, Lois Eh Smith
The neural cells and factors determining normal vascular growth are not well defined even though vision-threatening neovessel growth, a major cause of blindness in retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) (and diabetic retinopathy), is driven by delayed normal vascular growth. We here examined whether hyperglycemia and low adiponectin (APN) levels delayed normal retinal vascularization, driven primarily by dysregulated photoreceptor metabolism. In premature infants, low APN levels correlated with hyperglycemia and delayed retinal vascular formation...
November 27, 2017: EMBO Molecular Medicine
Xu Gong, Jianli Cui, Ziping Jiang, Suraj Maharjan, Laijin Lu, Xiucun Li
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze the differences in perioperative complications for pedicled island flaps in the reconstruction of extremities and to identify the factors contributing to pedicled island flap necrosis. Furthermore, the flap indications based on these outcomes are summarized. METHODS: Based on the inclusion criteria, 228 skin flaps were included in this study. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify the risk factors for pedicled island flap necrosis...
December 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
Yu-Lung Chiu, Shu-Jia Huang, Ching-Huang Lai, Chung-Chi Huang, Shiang-Huei Jiang, Shan-Ru Li, Shu-Ling Hwang, Fu-Gong Lin, Ya-Mei Tzeng, Senyeong Kao
Accurate identification of smoking behaviour is crucial to monitor the smoking rate. This study used urinary cotinine (UC) as a biomarker to verify the effectiveness of self-reported smoking behaviour among conscripts during recruit training. The influence of second-hand smoke (SHS) on the UC concentration was also analysed. A cross-sectional study was conducted from July 2014 to December 2014. The participants comprised a total of 621 military service and basic military training conscripts. A self-administered questionnaire survey and a urine test were performed to verify the participants' smoking behaviour...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
Hua Yu, Weiling Xu, Fangchao Gong, Baorong Chi, Junyi Chen, Ling Zhou
MicroRNA-155 (miR-155) is a well-studied miR and acts as an oncomiR in numerous cancer types. However, the biological functions of miR-155 in colon cancer as well as its target genes have remained to be fully elucidated. In order to investigate the biological functions of miR-155, MTT, colony formation and wound healing assays, cell cycle analysis and detection of apoptosis were performed. The results demonstrated that miR-155 promoted the proliferation of colon cancer cells and enhanced their colony formation capacity, promoted their cell cycle progression and inhibited apoptosis...
November 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Jen-Sheng Pei, Wen-Shin Chang, Pei-Chen Hsu, Yi-Wen Hung, Shun-Ping Cheng, Chia-Wen Tsai, DA-Tian Bau, Chi-Li Gong
BACKGROUND/AIM: Accumulated evidence has supported the notion that matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) genotypes are associated with the susceptibility of many types of cancers. However, few reports have studied the contribution of MMP genotypes to either diagnostic or prognostic potential in non-solid tumors such as leukemia. In this study, we firstly investigated the contribution of a polymorphism in the promoter region of MMP-8 (-799C/T) and two non-synonymous polymorphisms (Val436Ala and Lys460Thr) to childhood leukemia...
November 2017: In Vivo
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