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Exercise is medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340482/the-effect-of-interprofessional-team-based-learning-among-nursing-students-a-quasi-experimental-study
#1
Arkers Kwan Ching Wong, Frances Kam Yuet Wong, Lap Ki Chan, Namkiu Chan, Fraide A Ganotice, Jacqueline Ho
BACKGROUND: Although interprofessional education has received attention in recent years as a means of providing opportunities for health-care professionals to learn with, from and about other disciplines and enhance the quality of patient care, evidence of its effectiveness is limited. Interprofessional team-based learning was introduced to make it possible for students in different healthcare disciplines to interact with each other, and to prepare them to function effectively within a team in their future career...
March 9, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338383/inter-session-reliability-of-isokinetic-strength-testing-in-knee-and-elbow-extension-and-flexion-using-the-bte-primusrs
#2
Alexander Törpel, Tim Becker, Angelina Thiers, Dennis Hamacher, Lutz Schega
CONTEXT: The use of isokinetic dynamometers playing an important role in different settings of sports and medicine. Therefore, a high reliability of these devices is required. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the inter-session reliability of the dynamometer BTE PrimusRS regarding to the isolated single-joint exercises extension / flexion of the knee and elbow for isokinetic testing. DESIGN: Inter-session reliability. SETTING: Clinical settings and sports science...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333613/collaborative-management-of-neurocognitive-disorders-in-primary-care-explorations-of-an-attempt-at-culture-change
#3
Lewis Mehl-Madrona, Barbara Mainguy
INTRODUCTION: Minor neurocognitive disorder (MiND; previously mild cognitive impairment) is a transitional zone between normal cognitive function and early stages of major neurocognitive disorder (previously called dementia). Of people with MiND, 5% to 10% progress to major neurocognitive disorder. Simple interventions such as memory activities, balance exercises, and anti-inflammatory diets have been shown to improve cognitive ability. Also, education and support in group settings have proved beneficial for patients with MiND...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322509/teaching-medical-students-about-cost-effectiveness
#4
Mark Iscoe, Robert Lord, John Schulz, David Lee, Danelle Cayea, Amit Pahwa
BACKGROUND: Rising and burdensome health care costs have driven interest in the practice of high-value care (HVC) and have inspired calls for increased HVC training across all levels of medical education, including among undergraduate medical students. CONTEXT: Classroom-based HVC curricula targeted to medical students have not been previously described in the medical literature. INNOVATION: We developed and evaluated a workshop comprising a lecture, a small-group exercise and a group discussion to instruct medical students on interpreting cost-effectiveness analyses (CEA), applying CEA to patient care and discussing the cost of care with patients...
March 21, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318201/-training-students-on-research-while-studying-pediatrics-in-the-school-of-medicine-teaching-experience
#5
Alfredo Eymann, Lucía Perez, Julio Busaniche, Nicolás Cacchiarelli, Clara Ceriani Cernadas, Carlos Wahren
Research is important during university education. The objective was to describe the teaching of an exercise in clinical research and its perception by students. Medical students conducted a research work in groups coordinated by a tutor. We evaluated the importance the students gave to research learning and we assessed the satisfaction of having participated in the activity in a scale from 1 to 10. Eighty-one students developed 14 research exercises, 44.4% reported having received training in research methodology before and 11...
April 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316262/tribute-to-dr-jacques-rogge-muscle-activity-and-fatigue-during-hiking-in-olympic-dinghy-sailing
#6
Jan G Bourgois, Jasmien Dumortier, Margot Callewaert, Bert Celie, Carlo Capelli, Gisela Sjøgaard, Dirk De Clercq, Jan Boone
'A tribute to Dr J. Rogge' aims to systematically review muscle activity and muscle fatigue during sustained submaximal quasi-isometric knee extension exercise (hiking) related to Olympic dinghy sailing as a tribute to Dr Rogge's merits in the world of sports. Dr Jacques Rogge is not only the former President of the International Olympic Committee, he was also an orthopaedic surgeon and a keen sailor, competing at three Olympic Games. In 1972, in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master in Sports Medicine, he was the first who studied a sailors' muscle activity by means of invasive needle electromyography (EMG) during a specific sailing technique (hiking) on a self-constructed sailing ergometer...
March 19, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316177/-efficacy-and-safety-of-tertiary-hospital-guided-and-community-driven-family-self-help-cardiac-rehabilitation-model
#7
R J Ding, L M Gao, L Chu, W L Xie, X R Wang, Q Tang, H L Wang, D Y Hu
Objective: To explore the efficacy and safety of tertiary hospital guided and community-driven family self-help cardiac rehabilitation model. Methods: This study was a prospective randomized controlled study, 80 patients from Beijing Electrical Power Hospital and Beijing Jingmei Group General Hospital with acute coronary syndrome were included from June to December 2015 and divided into 2 groups. Patients in rehabilitation group (n=52) received tertiary hospital(Peiking University Peoples' Hospital) guided and community-driven family self-help cardiac rehabilitation for 3 months, and patients in control group (n=28) received routine secondary treatment for 3 months...
March 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315611/added-value-of-electromyography-in-the-diagnosis-of-myopathy-a-consensus-exercise
#8
K Pugdahl, B Johnsen, H Tankisi, J P Camdessanché, M de Carvalho, P R W Fawcett, A Labarre-Vila, R Liguori, W Nix, I Schofield, A Fuglsang-Frederiksen
OBJECTIVE: Currently, neurologists may primarily rely on blood biomarkers, muscle biopsy, MRI, and genetics in the diagnostic work-up of suspected myopathy. Using expert consensus as diagnostic reference standard, this study addressed the added value of electrodiagnostic medicine (EDX) in diagnosis of myopathies. METHODS: One hundred ninety-four EDX evaluations of patients with a peer-review consensus diagnosis of myopathy were collected by seven European centres...
February 15, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303472/chronic-exertional-compartment-syndrome-in-the-forearm-of-a-collegiate-softball-pitcher
#9
REVIEW
Austin Cole, John L Hiatt, Christopher Arnold, Terry Sites, Ramon Ylanon
BACKGROUND: Chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) is a recognized condition in the lower limb, with many reports in the literature. However, very few instances include CECS of the upper limb. This article presents the case of a collegiate softball pitcher presenting with CECS in her right forearm. To our knowledge, this is the first case report of a softball player with CECS, with only one similar incident in a major league baseball player. PURPOSE: The rarity of this condition normally places it low on the differential diagnosis...
December 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290956/multidisciplinary-in-situ-simulation-based-training-as-a-postpartum-hemorrhage-quality-improvement-project
#10
Monica A Lutgendorf, Carmen Spalding, Elizabeth Drake, Dennis Spence, Jason O Heaton, Kristina V Morocco
BACKGROUND: Postpartum hemorrhage is a common obstetric emergency affecting 3 to 5% of deliveries, with significant maternal morbidity and mortality. Effective management of postpartum hemorrhage requires strong teamwork and collaboration. We completed a multidisciplinary in situ postpartum hemorrhage simulation training exercise with structured team debriefing to evaluate hospital protocols, team performance, operational readiness, and real-time identification of system improvements...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290931/prophylactic-ankle-bracing-in-military-settings-a-review-of-the-literature
#11
Thomas M Newman, Michael R Gay, W E Buckley
BACKGROUND: Within athletics and the military, ankle sprains are one of the most common injuries with the potential for long-term functional deficits. Incidence rates for ankle sprains within the military are one of the leading causes of limited duty days, especially during basic combat training, parachute training exercises, and in cadet populations. In 2008, the Department of Defense U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventative Medicine report recommended that military personnel should wear semirigid ankle braces during parachuting, basketball, soccer, and other similar high-risk activities to reduce ankle sprain injuries...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290065/does-stress-result-in-you-exercising-less-or-does-exercising-result-in-you-being-less-stressed-or-is-it-both-testing-the-bi-directional-stress-exercise-association-at-the-group-and-person-n-of-1-level
#12
Matthew M Burg, Joseph E Schwartz, Ian M Kronish, Keith M Diaz, Carmela Alcantara, Joan Duer-Hefele, Karina W Davidson
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial stress contributes to heart disease in part by adversely affecting maintenance of health behaviors, while exercise can reduce stress. Assessing the bi-directional relationship between stress and exercise has been limited by lack of real-time data and theoretical and statistical models. This lack may hinder efforts to promote exercise maintenance. PURPOSE: We test the bi-directional relationship between stress and exercise using real-time data for the average person and the variability-individual differences-in this relationship...
March 13, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283110/access-delivery-and-perceived-efficacy-of-physiotherapy-and-use-of-complementary-and-alternative-therapies-by-people-with-progressive-multiple-sclerosis-in-the-united-kingdom-an-online-survey
#13
Evan Campbell, Elaine Coulter, Paul Mattison, Angus McFadyen, Linda Miller, Lorna Paul
INTRODUCTION: All people with progressive MS in the United Kingdom should have access to physiotherapy through the National Health Service (NHS). However levels of access and delivery are unknown. Furthermore there is no research on perceived efficacy of physiotherapy or the use of complementary and alternative medicine in people with progressive MS in the United Kingdom. METHODS: An online survey was carried out via the UK MS Register. Inclusion criteria were diagnosis of progressive MS, a member of UK MS Register and 18 years or older...
February 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282353/the-use-of-echocardiograms-in-preparticipation-examinations
#14
Caroline Lucas, Deanna L Kerkhof, Jacilyn E Briggs, Gianmichel D Corrado
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is the leading cause of death during exercise in young athletes. Preparticipation physical examinations were developed to maintain the health and safety of athletes, including the prompt identification of those at risk for SCD. The use of medical history and physical examinations, electrocardiography, and echocardiography, or some combination thereof, is the source of continued debate. This article provides an overview of the etiology of SCD and reviews literature relating to preparticipation echocardiography, with a focus on its evolution, utility, and effectiveness...
March 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282346/exercise-is-medicine-but-the-dosing-can-be-dicey
#15
E Randy Eichner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282302/exercise-a-vitally-important-prescription
#16
Rachel L Hechanova, Jennifer L Wegler, Christopher P Forest
Sedentary lifestyles and low physical activity have led to rising health concerns and increasing mortality risks. With the growing concern of the inactivity of adult Americans, it is important that physical activity be promoted to prevent disease and reduce health risks. This article reviews the benefits of physical activity and the steps that primary care providers should take to evaluate physical activity as the fifth vital sign in every patient encounter. The 5A's (assess, advise, agree, assist, and arrange) should be applied in order to implement an exercise prescription into the practice of medicine...
March 9, 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281832/outcomes-of-introducing-early-learners-to-interprofessional-competencies-in-a-classroom-setting
#17
Kelly S Lockeman, Sharon K Lanning, Alan W Dow, Joseph A Zorek, Deborah DiazGranados, Carole K Ivey, Shawne Soper
PROBLEM: Although interprofessional practice is important for improving healthcare delivery, there is little evidence describing interprofessional education (IPE) outcomes beyond changes in attitudes and knowledge of prelicensure learners. More rigorous evaluation of early IPE is needed to determine its impact on teaching interprofessional collaborative practice and providing a solid foundation for applying collaborative skills in the clinical environment. INTERVENTION: First-year students (N = 679) in 7 health professions programs participated in a 4-session series focusing on professional roles and responsibilities, teams and teamwork, and the healthcare system...
March 10, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274983/an-innovative-residency-based-interprofessional-faculty-development-program
#18
Jennie B Jarrett, Tomoko Sairenji, Patricia M Klatt, Stephen A Wilson
PURPOSE: The impact of an interprofessional faculty development fellowship (FDF) on pharmacy graduates' careers is described. SUMMARY: The FDF instructional approach is a longitudinal acquisition and application of knowledge, skills, and attitudes fostered by clinical care delivery, teaching experiences, structured reflection, the giving and receiving of feedback, research and scholarly projects, and leadership development and exercises. Interprofessional FDF fellows teach, learn, and provide care together in both inpatient and outpatient clinical settings as a part of the evidence-based medicine curriculum, providing educational sessions for medical students, pharmacy students, medical residents, attending family medicine physicians, and clinical pharmacy faculty throughout the year...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271806/cardiovascular-physiology-and-disease-in-youth-2016
#19
Thomas Rowland
The two articles in the area of cardiovascular physiology and disease in youth were chosen for commentary because of their exploration of new approaches to the diagnosis and management of cardiovascular derangements in young persons. The first, by Hinds et al., describes the potential clinical importance of detection of cardiovascular changes during exercise testing in adolescent athletes following concussions. This approach might prove useful in establishing safe return-to-play guidelines. The second, a review article by Van De Schoor et al, evaluates the frequency of myocardial scarring in athletes, some of adolescent age, which is a recognized risk factor for sudden cardiac death...
February 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269087/analyzing-the-influence-of-curl-speed-in-fatiguing-biceps-brachii-muscles-using-semg-signals-and-multifractal-detrended-moving-average-algorithm
#20
Kiran Marri, Ramakrishnan Swaminathan
In this work, an attempt has been made to analyze surface electromyography (sEMG) signals of fatiguing biceps brachii muscles at different curl speeds using multifractal detrended moving average (MFDMA) algorithm. For this purpose, signals are recorded from fifty eight healthy subjects while performing curl exercise at their comfortable speed until fatigue. The signals of first and last curls are considered as nonfatigue and fatigue conditions, respectively. Further, the number of curls performed by each subject and the endurance time is used for computing the normalized curl speed...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
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