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Exercise is medicine

Jafra D Thomas, J Mark Vanness, Bradley J Cardinal
The purpose of this study was to perform a construct validity assessment of Kendzierski's exercise self-schema theory questionnaire using objective measures of health-related physical fitness. This study tested the hypothesis that individuals with an exercise self-schema would possess significantly greater physical fitness than those who did not across three domains of health-related physical fitness: Body composition, cardiovascular fitness, and upper-body muscular endurance. Undergraduate student participants from one private university on the west coast of the United States completed informed consent forms and the exercise self-schema questionnaire within a classroom setting or at an on-campus outside tabling session...
2016: International Journal of Exercise Science
Brent C Lampert, William T Abraham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Daniel Niederer, Lutz Vogt, Pia-Maria Wippert, Anne-Katrin Puschmann, Ann-Christin Pfeifer, Marcus Schiltenwolf, Winfried Banzer, Frank Mayer
BACKGROUND: Arising from the relevance of sensorimotor training in the therapy of nonspecific low back pain patients and from the value of individualized therapy, the present trial aims to test the feasibility and efficacy of individualized sensorimotor training interventions in patients suffering from nonspecific low back pain. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A multicentre, single-blind two-armed randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effects of a 12-week (3 weeks supervised centre-based and 9 weeks home-based) individualized sensorimotor exercise program is performed...
October 20, 2016: Trials
Gregory R Waryasz, Alan H Daniels, Joseph A Gil, Vladimir Suric, Craig P Eberson
Increasing emphasis on maintaining a healthy lifestyle has led many individuals to seek advice on exercise from personal trainers. There are few studies to date that evaluate personal trainer education, practice trends, and injuries they have seen while training clients. A survey was distributed to personal trainers using Survey Monkey® (Palo Alto, CA, USA) with 605 personal trainers accessing the survey. An exercise related bachelor's degree was held by 64.2% of survey participants and a certification in personal training by 89...
September 19, 2016: Orthopedic Reviews
Jinho Shin
Since the introduction of visit to visit blood pressure variability (VVBPV) for cardiovascular outcome, it has long been awaited for prospective intervention trial to reduce VVBPV for evidence based medicine. But because of several hurdles, most importantly, pending measure to reduce VVBPV, such trial may not be available in the near future. It means that current understanding on the VVBPV is not casual but related to the cardiovascular outcome.Waiting for more sound evidence, which can be remained in a clinician's mind struggling not to be indifferent for potential benefit? Firstly, the most important potential confounder in spite of the strict statistical analyses to be published may be the mean blood pressure...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Scott J Dankel, Kevin T Mattocks, Matthew B Jessee, Samuel L Buckner, J Grant Mouser, Brittany R Counts, Gilberto C Laurentino, Jeremy P Loenneke
The principle of progressive overload must be adhered to for individuals to continually increase muscle size with resistance training. While the majority of trained individuals adhere to this principle by increasing the number of sets performed per exercise session, this does not appear to be an effective method for increasing muscle size once a given threshold is surpassed. Opposite the numerous studies examining differences in training loads and sets of exercise performed, a few studies have assessed the importance of training frequency with respect to muscle growth, none of which have tested very high frequencies of training (e...
October 17, 2016: Sports Medicine
Sundar Kumar Veluswamy, Abraham Samuel Babu, Lakshmi Manickavasagam Sundar
: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. Herbal medicine and exercise interventions have individually been shown to be effective in the prevention and management of CVD. However, the complementary roles of herbal medicine and exercise interventions for CVD prevention and management have not been adequately reported. OBJECTIVE: 1. Identify studies analysing complementary roles of herbal medicine and exercise intervention in CVD prevention and management, 2...
October 10, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Karim Chamari, Johnny Padulo
The purpose of this Current Opinion article is to focus on the appropriate use of the terms 'aerobic'- and 'anaerobic'-exercise in sports medicine, in order to try to unify their use across coaches/athletes and sport scientists. Despite the high quality of most of the investigations, the terms aerobic/anaerobic continue to be used inappropriately by some researchers in exercise science. Until late 2014, for instance, 14,883 and 6,136 articles were cited in PubMed, in the field of 'exercise science', using the words 'aerobic' or 'anaerobic', respectively...
December 2015: Sports Medicine—Open
F Babany, S Hamdoun, P Denys, G Amarenco
: Sexual disorders are common after neurological diseases. The reconstruction of sexuality is a major issue after neurologic disability. Why is this topic not covered in rehabilitation medicine except specialized service? The aim of this pilot study was to assess the perception of the healthcare professionals (HCPs) and to understand why this topic was not addressed. We conducted a pilot, observational, monocentric study from February to March 2016 in HCPs from a neurologic rehabilitation hospital unit...
October 13, 2016: Progrès en Urologie
Adam S Cheifetz, Robert Gianotti, Raphael Luber, Peter R Gibson
Patients and physicians often have many questions regarding the role of complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs), or non-allopathic therapies, for inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). CAMs of various forms are used by more than half of patients with IBD during some point in their disease course. We summarize the available evidence for the most commonly used and discussed CAMs. We discuss evidence for the effects of herbs (such as cannabis and curcumin), probiotics, acupuncture, exercise, and mind-body therapy...
October 12, 2016: Gastroenterology
Dieter Böning
In modern societies there is strong belief in scientific progress. But unfortunately a parallel partial regress occurs because of often evitable mistakes. Mistakes are mainly forgetting, erroneous theories, errors in experiments and manuscripts, prejudice, selected publication of "positive" results and fraud. An example for forgetting is that methods introduced decades ago are used without knowing the underlying theories: basic articles are no longer read nor cited. This omission may cause incorrect interpretation of results...
October 13, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Valderilio Azevedo, Brian Hassett, João Eurico Fonseca, Tatsuya Atsumi, Javier Coindreau, Ira Jacobs, Ehab Mahgoub, Julie O'Brien, Ena Singh, Steven Vicik, Brian Fitzpatrick
The manufacture of biologics is a complex process involving numerous steps. Over time, differences may arise as a result of planned changes to the manufacturing processes of a biologic from the same manufacturer. Comparability is the regulatory process that outlines the scope of an assessment required of an already licensed biologic after a manufacturing process change made by the same manufacturer. The aim of a comparability assessment is to demonstrate that any pre-manufacturing and post-manufacturing changes have no adverse impact on quality, safety, and efficacy of the biologic...
October 12, 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
Holly Blake, Natalia Stanulewicz, Francesca McGill
AIMS: To investigate physical activity levels of nursing and medicine students; examine predictors of physical activity level; and examine the most influential benefits and barriers to exercise. BACKGROUND: Healthcare professionals have low levels of physical activity, which increases their health risk and may influence their health promotion practices with patients. DESIGN: We surveyed 361 nursing (n=193) and medicine (n=168) students studying at a UK medical school...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Junxin Li, Binbin Yang, Miranda Varrasse, Kun Li
The objective of this study is to synthesize and evaluate the current body of sleep research among long-term care (LTC) residents in China and provide insights for future research. Systematic searches identified 15 studies that examined sleep in LTC residents in China. Sleep disturbances and poor sleep quality were prevalent in Chinese LTC residents. Eight cross-sectional studies reported that demographics, comorbidities, lifestyle, and environment were associated with sleep quality in Chinese LTC residents...
October 10, 2016: Clinical Nursing Research
David A Raichlen, Herman Pontzer, Jacob A Harris, Audax Z P Mabulla, Frank W Marlowe, J Josh Snodgrass, Geeta Eick, J Colette Berbesque, Amelia Sancilio, Brian M Wood
OBJECTIVES: Time spent in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is a strong predictor of cardiovascular health, yet few humans living in industrialized societies meet current recommendations (150 min/week). Researchers have long suggested that human physiological requirements for aerobic exercise reflect an evolutionary shift to a hunting and gathering foraging strategy, and a recent transition to more sedentary lifestyles likely represents a mismatch with our past in terms of physical activity...
October 9, 2016: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
Kanichi Kusano, Masahiko Yamazaki, Masataka Kiuchi, Kouki Kaneko, Katsuhiro Koyama
The oxidant and antioxidant equilibrium is known to play an important role in equine medicine and equine exercise physiology. There are abundant findings in this field; however, not many studies have been conducted for reference ranges of oxidative stress biomarkers in horses. This study was conducted to determine the reference values of reactive oxygen metabolites (d-ROMs) and biological antioxidant potential (BAP) using blood samples from 372 (191 males, 181 females) Thoroughbred racehorse aged 2 to 5 (3...
2016: Journal of Equine Science
N H Chavannes
In a systematic review in the Dutch Journal of Medicine (NTvG), Dallinga et al. look for an answer to the societally relevant question of whether mobile apps are proven to lead to a more active and healthy lifestyle. Decision makers in healthcare have high expectations of eHealth, a field where scientific evidence sometimes seems overruled merely by the opinions of self-declared 'futurists'. Commonly, eHealth is propelled forward as the solution to the lack of manpower in healthcare, given the expected rise of chronic disease...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Feng-Sen Li, Yan-Li Zhang, Zheng Li, Dan Xu, Chun-Yan Liao, Huan Ma, Li Gong, Jun Su, Qi Sun, Qian Xu, Zhen Gao, Ling Wang, Jing Jing, Jing Wang, Min Jiang, Ge Tian, Bilal Hasan
In traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), the Yiqigubiao pill is commonly used to enhance physical fitness. The current clinical trial was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the Yiqigubiao pill as an adjuvant therapy for patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The current trial was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled superiority trial. The participants were recruited from outpatients at the Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital affiliated with Xinjiang Medical University (Ürümqi, China) between February and September 2012...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Richard Dodds, Avan Aihie Sayer
Sarcopenia and frailty are important conditions that become increasingly prevalent with age. Sarcopenia is the loss of muscle mass and function, and frailty can be defined as multi-system impairment associated with increased vulnerability to stressors. There is overlap between the two conditions, especially in terms of the physical aspects of the frailty phenotype: low grip strength, gait speed and muscle mass. These measures have been associated with a wide range of ageing outcomes and can be assessed in the clinical setting...
October 2016: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
Gustavo Tadeu Volpato, Rafaianne Queiroz Moraes-Souza, Thaigra Sousa Soares, Thais Leal-Silva, Débora Cristina Damasceno
Diabetes mellitus is a syndrome of great importance that affects an increasing number of people every day. In particular, diabetes is a common and important disease during pregnancy and is marked by complications, both fetal and maternal, that increase the risks of morbidity and mortality for diabetic pregnant women and their offspring. Drugs such as insulin and hypoglycemic drugs are given to treat diabetes, but regular exercise and adequate diet have also been indicated. Furthermore, coadjutant therapies such as medicinal plants are popularly used to reduce diabetes-induced hyperglycemia, either within or outside the context of pregnancy...
October 3, 2016: Current Medicinal Chemistry
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