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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241221/diagnosis-risk-assessment-and-treatment-decisions-for-occlusal-caries-a-survey-from-the-danish-public-dental-health-service
#1
Joana Christina Carvalho, Vibeke Qvist, Nicole R Aimée, Heliana D Mestrinho, Azam Bakhshandeh
This study validates a case-based survey method and analyzes the extent to which Danish dental professionals apply current concepts and strategies for occlusal caries management in children, adolescents, and young adults. A case-based, precoded questionnaire consisting of 10 clinical cases/patients with 26 teeth/occlusal surfaces was developed. The cases were set up in a PowerPoint presentation and color printed as a booklet illustrating patients with different patterns of caries activity, severity, and risk...
December 15, 2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241170/rationale-for-aggressive-resection-and-general-surgical-principles-for-intracranial-gliomas
#2
Ian E McCutcheon, Mikhail F Chernov
Given the infiltrative nature of gliomas, controversy has long persisted over the value of their aggressive surgical removal. Nevertheless, in recent decades, the balance of opinion in neurosurgical oncology has shifted from a more nihilistic view that led to many patients' receiving stereotactic biopsy or very limited debulking of lesions for tissue diagnosis only, to more extensive tumor resections which relieve mass effect, lower intracranial pressure, reduce accompanying brain edema, and attenuate dependence on steroids...
2018: Progress in Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241146/iseeyou-evaluation-of-a-woman-centred-care-pilot-project-in-bachelor-midwifery-education-and-research
#3
Yvonne Fontein-Kuipers, Enja Romeijn
AIM: to evaluate the ISeeYou project that aims to equip first year Bachelor midwifery students to support them in their learning of providing woman-centred care. METHODS: the project has an ethnographic design. First year midwifery students buddied up to one woman throughout her continuum of the childbirth process and accompanied her during her antenatal and postnatal care encounters. Participant-observation was utilised by the students to support their learning...
November 28, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241142/unmet-needs-burden-of-treatment-and-patient-engagement-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-combined-perspective-from-the-ms-in-the-21st-century-steering-group
#4
Peter Rieckmann, Diego Centonze, Irina Elovaara, Gavin Giovannoni, Eva Havrdová, Jurg Kesselring, Gisela Kobelt, Dawn Langdon, Sarah A Morrow, Celia Oreja-Guevara, Sven Schippling, Christoph Thalheim, Heidi Thompson, Patrick Vermersch, Karen Aston, Birgit Bauer, Christy Demory, Maria Paz Giambastiani, Jana Hlavacova, Jocelyne Nouvet-Gire, George Pepper, Maija Pontaga, Emma Rogan, Chrystal Rogalski, Pieter van Galen, Ali-Frédéric Ben-Amor
BACKGROUND: Patient engagement is vital in multiple sclerosis (MS) in order to optimise outcomes for patients, society and healthcare systems. It is essential to involve all stakeholders in potential solutions, working in a multidisciplinary way to ensure that people with MS (PwMS) are included in shared decision-making and disease management. To start this process, a collaborative, open environment between PwMS and healthcare professionals (HCPs) is required so that similarities and disparities in the perception of key areas in patient care and unmet needs can be identified...
November 21, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240944/a-right-to-access-to-emergency-health-care-the-european-court-of-human-rights-pushes-the-envelope
#5
Aleydis Nissen
This article argues that the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) seems to have recently acknowledged that there is a right to access to emergency health care in the member states of the Council of Europe. The Chamber of the ECtHR found that a state's failure to design a regulatory framework that guarantees access to health care in emergency situations violates the substantial limb of Article 2 European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) that protects the right to life. It is argued that the newly established requirements seem to be reasonable but that there seem to be no sufficient safeguards to ensure that the ECtHR does not substitute its own assessment for that of medical professionals...
December 11, 2017: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240741/a-retrospective-audit-of-the-characteristics-and-treatment-outcomes-in-patients-with-diabetes-related-charcot-neuropathic-osteoarthropathy
#6
Joanne Dixon, Joshua Coulter, Michele Garrett, Rick Cutfield
AIMS: To review the characteristics, management and outcomes one year after diagnosis in patients with diabetes related charcot neuropathic osteoarthropathy (CN) treated at the Diabetes Podiatry service, Waitemata District Health Board (WDHB) between 2000-2014. METHODS: Patients with diabetes and recorded diagnosis of CN were identified from the podiatry service records. Clinical details were retrospectively obtained from WDHB databases and patient medical records...
December 15, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240661/physical-restraint-use-with-elderly-patients-perceptions-of-nurses-and-nursing-assistants-in-spanish-acute-care-hospitals
#7
Emilio Fariña-López, Gabriel J Estévez-Guerra, M Luz Polo-Luque, Alica Hanzeliková Pogrányivá, Eva Penelo
BACKGROUND: Physical restraint is often used during the hospitalization of elderly people. However, this procedure is associated with adverse outcomes; therefore, it is necessary to be aware of the circumstances that promote restraint use, such as the perceptions of professionals who use it. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the research was to determine the situations in which nursing staff considered the use of physical restraint as most important and to evaluate the possible associations with the sociodemographic and professional variables...
January 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240660/healthcare-provider-views-on-transitioning-from-task-shifting-to-advanced-practice-nursing-in-tanzania
#8
Joanes Faustine Mboineki, Weihong Zhang
BACKGROUND: The Tanzanian health sector suffers from shortages of healthcare workers as well as uneven distribution of healthcare workers in urban and rural areas. Task shifting-delegation of tasks from professionals to other healthcare team members with less training, such as medical attendants-is practiced, compromising quality of care. Advanced practice nursing is underutilized. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the views of nurses and physicians on current responses to shortages of healthcare workers and the potential for utilization of advanced practice nurses...
January 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240659/using-a-wireless-electroencephalography-device-to-evaluate-e-health-and-e-learning-interventions
#9
Tanya Mailhot, Patrick Lavoie, Marc-André Maheu-Cadotte, Guillaume Fontaine, Alexis Cournoyer, José Côté, France Dupuis, Thierry Karsenti, Sylvie Cossette
BACKGROUND: Measuring engagement and other reactions of patients and health professionals to e-health and e-learning interventions remains a challenge for researchers. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this pilot study was to assess the feasibility and acceptability of using a wireless electroencephalography (EEG) device to measure affective (anxiety, enjoyment, relaxation) and cognitive (attention, engagement, interest) reactions of patients and healthcare professionals during e-health or e-learning interventions...
January 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240613/assessing-the-knowledge-skills-and-abilities-of-public-health-professionals-in-big-city-governmental-health-departments
#10
Meghan D McGinty, Brian C Castrucci, Debra M Rios
OBJECTIVE: To identify essential knowledge, skills, and abilities (KSAs) for and characterize gaps in KSAs of professionals working in large, urban health departments. DESIGN: A survey was disseminated to potentially eligible supervisors within 26 of 28 health departments in the largest, most urban jurisdictions in the country. A supervisor was eligible to participate if he or she supervised at least 1 staff member whose highest level of education was a master's degree...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240549/interpreter-mediated-cognitive-assessments-who-wins-and-who-loses
#11
Betty Haralambous, Jean Tinney, Dina LoGiudice, Sook Meng Lee, Xiaoping Lin
OBJECTIVES: The number of people with dementia from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds is increasing dramatically in Australia. Accurate cognitive assessments of people from CALD backgrounds can be achieved with the use of skilled interpreters. This study aimed to explore the experience of interpreter-mediated assessments from the perspectives of clinicians, interpreters and carers. METHODS: Consultations with interpreters, clinicians and carers were conducted through individual interviews and focus groups...
November 16, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240546/the-psychosocial-themes-of-children-with-a-congenital-heart-defect
#12
Ronél van der Watt, Carina Pheiffer, Stephen Brown
Children living with a congenital heart defect (CHD) carry the burden of a condition affecting their biological, psychological, and social functioning. Even though the physical heartbeats of these children might be inaudible and defective, their intra- and inter-personal 'stories in sound' need to be heard and understood. The aim of this research study was to explore these 'stories in sound' in children diagnosed with CHD. A qualitative, exploratory, descriptive study using thematic analysis was conducted. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with six boys and three girls between the ages of eight and fourteen years, who were diagnosed with CHD...
November 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240535/factors-associated-with-waterpipe-tobacco-smoking-among-lebanese-women
#13
Karim N Daou, Ibrahim R Bou-Orm, Salim M Adib
INTRODUCTION: Waterpipe tobacco smoking (WTS) has become a serious public health threat in the Middle-East and beyond. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence rates of cigarette and WTS among Lebanese women and describe characteristics associated with each behavior. METHODS: Secondary analysis of women's health data obtained in a national survey in 2010. RESULTS: Of 2255 selected women, 78% reported no or past long-term WTS...
December 14, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240524/professionals-learning-together-with-patients-an-exploratory-study-of-a-collaborative-learning-fellowship-programme-for-healthcare-improvement
#14
Rowan Myron, Catherine French, Paul Sullivan, Ganesh Sathyamoorthy, James Barlow, Linda Pomeroy
Improving the quality of healthcare involves collaboration between many different stakeholders. Collaborative learning theory suggests that teaching different professional groups alongside each other may enable them to develop skills in how to collaborate effectively, but there is little literature on how this works in practice. Further, though it is recognised that patients play a fundamental role in quality improvement, there are few examples of where they learn together with professionals. To contribute to addressing this gap, we review a collaborative fellowship in Northwest London, designed to build capacity to improve healthcare, which enabled patients and professionals to learn together...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240492/interprofessional-bedside-teaching-setting-up-a-novel-teaching-programme
#15
Kathryn Watson, Cathryn Mainwaring, Amy Moran, Fahmeda B Jangi, Nira Raguseelan, Thomas Simpson, Tunjil Lasoye, Omar G Mustafa
BACKGROUND: An ageing population and health-care advances mean that patients have increasingly complex medical health and social needs, requiring a multidisciplinary team. However, despite working as an interprofessional team, team members still largely train in professional silos. Furthermore health-care professionals report a poor understanding of the skills of colleagues from different professions. This article describes the set up and outcomes of a novel interprofessional bedside teaching programme...
December 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240488/encouraging-political-participation-among-the-next-generation
#16
Elizabeth Rosser
Elizabeth Rosser, acting Executive Dean, Deputy Dean for Education and Professional Practice, and Professor of Nursing at Bournemouth University, discusses how nurses can be encouraged to be politically engaged.
December 14, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240483/evaluating-a-nurse-scholarship-programme-realising-potential
#17
Jennie Burch, Clare Taylor
Evaluation is an integral component of any nurse education programme and ideally requires a multi-method approach. This article describes both the formative and summative evaluation of the St Mark's Burdett nurse scholarship from the perspective of the health professionals involved. During the nursing scholar's specialty placements, their achievements were recorded alongside a more detailed insight into their ongoing development during weekly supervision sessions. The summative evaluation comprised recording their attendance at taught study days, progress in academic modules and one-to-one interviews...
December 14, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240466/developing-an-infrastructure-to-support-clinical-academic-careers
#18
Karen Strickland
Research and evidence-based practice underpins the delivery of high-quality patient care. Developing the research capacity and capability of nurses, midwives and allied health professionals requires a robust emphasis and the necessary support infrastructure to encourage and develop practitioners to follow a clinical academic career pathway. Clinical academic partnerships between higher education and healthcare institutions can offer a blend of required expertise with mutual benefits. This article reports on a recent Florence Nightingale Foundation and Council of Deans of Health Leadership Scholarship improvement project to establish an infrastructure to support the development of clinical academic roles to enhance the provision of evidence-based patient care in the North East of Scotland...
December 14, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240350/data-systems-genomic-data-and-expertise-of-doctors
#19
Karoliina Snell, Ilpo Helén
Introduction of genomic data into health care requires willingness from physicians to adopt decision support systems as well as genomic information as part of their work. In the interview study, doctors' expectations about data systems and genomic data, as well as challenges for their utilization, are brought into light. Besides technical functionality, linking of data systems and the new knowledge mediated by them for clinicians also requires that doctors understand them as part of their professional expertise and thus useful...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240304/weight-status-diet-quality-perceived-stress-and-functional-health-of-caregivers-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Xiaoyin Sara Li, Jennifer A Pinto-Martin, Aleda Thompson, Jesse Chittams, Tanja V E Kral
PURPOSE: Caring for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can be highly demanding and can put significant strain on caregivers. To date, little is known about the extent to which caregivers of children with ASD experience increased levels of stress which may adversely affect health outcomes. The purpose of this secondary analysis was to compare caregivers of children with ASD and caregivers of typically developing children (TDC) in weight status, diet quality, perceived stress related to the parenting role, and functional health and well-being...
December 14, 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
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